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and by the majesty with which the sculptor | sitting in the corner to be of the emperor has invested him. He is naked, as they Hadrian and his empress Sabina, whom I usually represented him, and particularly easily knew to be so, by the many medals, the Greeks, who for the most part made and statues I have seen of them." And their figures naked ; on his right is a again, " But the emperor Hadrian most statue which has its head and arms muti- probably repaired it, and adorned it lated, draped to about half the leg, which with those Águres at each front. For one may judge to be a Victory, which pre- the wbiteness of the Marble, and his own cedes the car of Minerva, whose horses statue joined with them, apparently show she leads. They are the work of some them to be of a later age than the first, hand as bold as it was delicate, which and done by that Emperor's command. would not perhaps have yielded to Phidias, Within the portico on high, and on the or Praxiteles, so renowned for (represent. outside of the cella of the temple itself, is ing) horses. Minerva is sitting upon the another border of basso relievo round car, rather in the habit of goddess of the about it, or at least on the North and sciences, than of war; for she is not dressed South sides, which, without doubt, is as as a warrior, having neither helinet, nor ancient as the temple, and of admirable shield, nor head of Medusa upon her work, but not so high a relievo as the other. breast: she has the air of youth, and her Thereon are represented sacrifices, proces. head dress is not different from that of sions, and other ceremonies of the heathens' Venus. Another female figure without worship; most of them were designed by head is sitting behind her with a child, the M. de Nointel, who employed a pointer which she holds upon her knees, I cannot to do it two months together, and showed say who she is ; but I had no trouble in them to us when we waited on him at Conmaking out or recognising the two next, stantinople." which are the last on that side; it is the emperor Hadrian sitting, and half naked, three years earlier than Spon, a work called
Another French author, who published and, next to him, his wife Sabina. It seems that they are both looking on with plea-Sr. de la Guilletiere: a Paris, 1675"-says,
Athenes Ancienne & Nouvelle, par le sure at the triumph of the goddess. I do not believe that before me, any person ob- the celebrated architects Callicrates and
“ Pericles employed upon the Parthenon served this particularity, which deserves to
Ictinus. The last, who had more reputabe remarked. “On the left of Jupiter are five or six figures, of which some have lost it in a book", which he composed on pur.
tion than the former, wrote a description of the head; it is, probably, the circle of the gods, where Jupiter is about to introduce pose, and which has been lost; and we Minerva, and to make her be acknow: tunity of admiring the building itself, if
should probably not now have the opporledged for his daughter. The pediment the emperor Hadrian had not preserved it behind, represented, according to the same author, the dispute which Minerva and done. It is to his care that we owe the
to us, by the repairs which he caused to be Neptune had for naming the city, but all few remains of antiquity which are still the figures are fallen from them, except
entire at Athens." one head of a sea-horse, which was the usual accompaniment of this god; these In the Antiquities of Athens by Stuart, figures of the two pediments were not so
vol. ji. p. 4, it is said, “ Pausanias gives ancient as the body of the temple built by but a transient account of this Temple, Pericles, for which there wants no other nor does he say whether Hadrian repaired argument than that of the statue of Ha- it, though his statue, and that of his Em. drian, which is to be seen there, and the press Sabina in the western pediment, Marble which is whiter than the rest.
have occasioned a doubt whether the All the rest has not been touched. The sculptures, in both, were not put up by Marquis de Nointel had designs made of
him. Wheler and Spon were of this the whole, when he went to Athens ;' his opinion, and say they were whiter than painter worked there for two months, and the rest of the building. The statue of almost lost his eyes, because he was Antinous, now remaining at Rome, may be obliged to draw every thing from below, thought a proof that there were Artists in without a scaffold."-(Voyage par Jacob bis time capable of executing them, but Spon ; Lyons, 1678; 2 toni, p. 141).
this whiteness is no proof that they were
more modern than the Temple, for they Wheler, who travelled with Spon, and published his work at London (four year's Ictinus and Carpion were jointly conjater) in 1682, says, “But my companion cerned in this work, for which we hava made me observe the two next figures the authority of Vitruvius, lib. 7. præfat,
might be made of a whiter marble; and Venetian bomb, within a short time after the heads of Hadrian and Sabina might be the year in which they were made; which, put on two of the ancient figures, which however, must have been prior to the date was no uncommon practice among of 1683, affixed to the plate in Barry's the Romans ; and if may give works (2 vol. p. 163. London, 1809.) credit to Plutarch, the buildings of Pericles Some notes of Mr. Fauvel, a painter and were not in the least impaired by age in his antiquarian, who moulded and took casts time; therefore, this temple could not from the greatest part of the Sculptures, want any material repairs in the reign of and remained fifteen years at Athens, arc Hadrian."
given with the tracings of these drawings; With regard to the works of Hadrian at in which it is said, with regard to these Athens, Spartan says, “that he did much for pediments, “ These figures were adorned the Athenians*;" and a little after on his with bronze, at least if we may judge by second visit to Athens, “ going to the East the head of Sabina, which is one of the he made his journey through Athens, and two that remain, and which, having fallen, dedicated the works which he had begun and being much mutilated, was brought to there: and particularly a temple to Olym- Mr. Fauvel. The traces are visible of the pian Jupiter, and an altar to bimself.” little cramps which probably fixed the
crown to the head. The head of the emThe account given by Dion Cassius, is nearly to the same effect, adding, that he peror Hadrian still exists. Probably this placed his own statue within the temple of group has been inserted to do honour to Olympian Jupiter, which he erectedt.
emperor, for it is of a workmanship
different from the rest of this Sculpture." He called some other cities after his own
Your Committee cannot dismiss this name, and directed a part of Athens to be interesting subject, without submitting to styled Hadrianopolisf: but no mention is the attentive reflection of the House, how made by any ancient author, of his touch- highly the cultivation of the Fine Arts has ing, or repairing the Parthenon. Pausa contributed to the reputation, character, pias who wrote in his reign, says, that and dignity of every Government by " the temples which Hadrian either erected which they have been encouraged, and from the foundation, or adorned with de how intimately they are connected with dicated gifts and decorations, or whatever the advancement of every thing valuable donatious he made to the cities of the in science, literature, and philosophy. In Greeks, and of the Barbarians also, who contemplating the importance and splendor made application to him, were all recorded
to which so small a republic as Athens at Athens in the temple common to all the
rose, by the genius and energy of her ci. gödss."
tizens, exerted in the path of such studies, It is not uplikely, that a confused recol-it is impossible to overlook how travsient Jection of the statue which Hadrian ac- the memory and fame of extended emtually placed at Athens, may have led one pires, and of mighty conquerors are, in of the earliest travellers into a mistake, comparison of those who have rendered which has been repeated, and counte-inconsiderable states eminent, and innanced by subsequent writers : but Mr. mortalized their own names by these purFauvel, who will be quoted presently, suits. But if it be true, as we learn from speaks as from his own examination and history and experience, that free governobservation, when he mentions the twoments afford à soil most suitable to the statues in question; which, it is to be ob- production of native talent, to the maturserved, still remain (without their heads) ing of the powers of the human mind, and upon the pediment of the entrance, and to the growth of every species of excelhave not been removed by Lord Elgio. lence, by opening to merit the prospect of
reward and distinction, no country can be An exact copy of these drawings, by better adapted than our own to afford an the Marquis de Nointel's painter, is given honourable asylum to these monuments of in Mr. Barry's works; which are rendered the school of Phidias, and of the adminismore valuable on account of the destruc-tration of Pericles; where, secure from fur. tion of a coosiderable part of the Temple ther injury and degradation, they may rein the Turkish war by the falling of a
ceive that admiration and homage to
which they are evtitled, aud serve, in re• Folio edit. Paris 1620, p. 6.
turn, as models and examples to those, who
by knowing how to revere and appreciate b. 69. c. 16.
them, may leary first to imitate, and ulti. I Spartian, p. 10.
mately to rival them. $ Paus. Att. p. 5. Ed. Xyl.
March 25, 1916.
COUNTIES IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER.
No. of Agri Net Squar Rental Amount Annual Resident Persons cultural Produci ta'uit of
of Value Population in a Popula per Land. Tithe.
45 40 42 52 37
£. £. 46 272,691.7 14,030
619 7561 405,150 F 56 846
611 7401 498,677+ 28.948 8581 453,215+ 36.779 571 1 0521 676.864+ 43,426 684 1,3 7 566,472-+ 57,46 470 1,478 469,250+
14,331 327 1.026 621,693+
19,008 624 2,579|1,217,547+ 112.932
516 1,09051 489,025+ 51,930 538 1,061
506,06:3-5 24,812 500 1.532 904,6:5+ 155,334 692 1.26 $05,133-4 18,691 680
800 453,607 + 49,0.90 545 524 342,250+ 45 292 7:34
374 202,076-+ 10.166 574 1,57 868,188 + 132 639 651 1,831 1.2711,341+ 44,327 718
702 402+ 13.820 891 2,749 1,581.940+ 49.507 594 283 349,142+ 24,713 | 1,325 49 203.576 + 13,467 436 2,092 931,842+ 133,393 509 1,017 696.6,37 + 17,499 702 1,871 906.789 + 65,371 520 837 5:4,992+ 16,433 650 752 497 625+ 35,529
709 149 99,174 + 3,962 602 1,341 738.495+ 79,515 610 1,642 1:335,168+ 83,822 1,6:28 5.94.620 + 114,625 435 1,1481 756.635+
38,780 603 1,5121 694,078 + 117 400 537 75 369,501+
47,320 1,46. 519,050+ 100,498 445 912 645,139+ 26 122 744
763 221,536 + 6,601 299 1,379 810,627-+ 88,196 652 729
51ń 203-+ 46.901 772 5,961 3,111,618 + 114,107 541
70,213 152 118,277 157 117,650 159 101,109 227,031 216 216,667 63 133,744 90 185,487 383,308 124,693 124 177.625 252,473 165 285,514 227
94,073 109 111,654 211
42,208 373.095 243 828,309 452 150,419 187 237,891 87 053,276 3,380
62,127 125 291,999 140 141,353 139 172,161 92 162,900 195 119,191 158
16,380 110 1.94,298 145 330,180) 185 245,080 151 295,153 257 2:34,211 155 323,851 427 190,083 130 228,735 254
45,922 193,828 160,586 973,113 163
40 32 40 37 56 61 54 41 37 34 47
45 40 51 49 52 33 43 33 34 33
49 40 41 52
COMPARATIVE VIEW OF THE AREA, COUNTIES ACCORDING TO THEIR
FERTILITY, AND AGRICULTURAL
POPULATION, OF THE SEVERAL
COUNTIES OF ENGLAND AND
Explanation of the Columns, with Observations." 1. York.
5.961 3,815,040 2. Lincolo. 3,748 1,758,720
COLUMN_I.-AREA of England and 3. Devoa
Wales, in Square Statute Miles, as mea4. No, folk..
2.092 1,338,880 5. Northumberland 1,871 1,197,440
sured upon Arrowsmith's Large Map 6. Lancaster.
(date 1815-16) which being founded on the 7. Somerset
1,642 1,050,880 Trigonometrical Survey is little liable to 8. Southampton
1,628 1,041,020 future alteration; and the Measurement of 9 Keot.....
1,537 983,680 it having been accomplished by means of 10. Essex
1,532 980,480 an actual Division of the Surface into 11. Suffolk ...
1,512 967,680 Square Miles, scarcely admits of error as 12. Cumberland.
1,478 945,920 to the Area of England and Wales ; nor 13. Sussex
would the Area of each County be less ac14. Wilts...
curate supposing its detached parts to be 15. Salop.
all known. Of such irregularities Fifty16. Cornwall
three have been taken into account in 17. Gloucester
1.256 803,840 18. Stafford.....
these Calculations, and those which remaiu 19. Durham
undiscovered are presumed to be of inconsi20. Chester..
1,052 673,280 derable dimensions, though perhaps not fery 21. Derby
1,026 656,640 in number. Most of the detached parts are 22. Northampton 1,017 650,880 assessed in the County wherein they are 23. Dorset
1,005 643,200 locally situate. 21. Warwick
To convert the English Square Mile into 25. Hereford
860 550.400 26. Cambridge
a measure applicable to the Maps of all ci
vilized Nations (for the purposes of compa 27. Nottiogham
837 535,680 28. Leicester
804 514,560 risou) it is only requisite to reckon it as 29. Westmorland
Three-fourths of the Area of a Geogra30. Surrey
485,120 phical Mile; or that Four Square English 31. Berks
756 483,840 Viles are equal to Three Geographica!. 32, Oxford
752 481,280 This proportion may be deemed exact; for 33. Bucks
supposing a Degree of Latitude (between 34. Worcester
51" and 52°) to measure 60,864 Fathoms 35. Hertford
(on the authority of General Mudge) the 36. Monmouth
Area of an English Square Mile compared 37. Bedford
463 296,320 38. Huntingdon.
to that of the Geographical Square Mile 39. Middlesex..
is as 300 to 393 6-10ths. 40. Kutland
149 95,360 11.-RENTAL of Land as returned
liable to the Tenant's Tax, for the year endENGLAND 50,535 32,342,400 ing April 1811. See p. 65 of the Accounts
relative to the Property-Tax, printed by 1. Carmarthen
974 623,360 Order of the House of Commons, 26 Fe2. Montgomery
bruary 1819. 3. Glamorgan
III.-AMOUNT OF TITHES (from p. 71 1. Brecon
754 482,560 5. Cardigan
675 432,000 of the same Account) being £2,353,249 6. Merioneth
663 424,320 per Anuom, upon a Rental of £ 29,476,852, 7 Denbigh..
633 405,120 or 18.711. in the £.; but a comparison of 8. Pembroke
610 390,400 Columns II and III. will shew how much 9. Carnarvon
this burden varies in the several Counties; 30. Radnor
Hampshire paying 3s. 10d, in the £, and 11. Anglesey
271 173 440
Sussex Ss. 8d.; Lancashire no more thap 12. Flint.
244 156, 160
Afd. About Half the Tithes belong to the WALES.....
Parochial Clergy. 7,125 4,752,000
The Columns II. and IIl. added togeTOTAL 57,960 37,094,400 ther, shew the AnnuaL VALVE of the
LAND as compared with the Area of the several Counties, supposing the Rental and
Tithe to have been assessed to the full producing. £89 from each Agricultural Value. Several of the Counties are liable Family, which is above double the average to some degree of inaccuracy in this Com- of the other counties. Some part of the putation, not only from the detached parts County of Durham is, indeed, reckoned to. before mentioned, but also from certain the Northumberland Assessment, from the Parishes extending into Two Counties, in cause of inaccuracy mentioned in the preboth which cases the Assessment is made ceding Observations I, and III.; but, this and the Tax levied wholly in whatever circumstance allowed for to the utmost, County may have been pointed out by the Northumberland would exhibit a Surplus Annual Land Tax Acts, many of which produce of £80 per Agricultural Family, contain Clauses of this kind; a different Durham being thereby raised to £58. But Rule, depending upon the situation of the the high Rents of Northumberland are said Parish Church, is prescribed by the Militia to have required Abatement earlier and in Acts, while as to County Rates and the a greater degree than elsewhere, when the Poor Laws, and for all the purposes of depreciation of Agricultural Produce took Civil Jurisdiction, the ancient limit of the place. All the Calculations herein made Two Counties is decisive, and attendances refer to the year 1811, as being the most for Parish business are doubly expensive. recent in which both the Population and No fewer than 134 Parishes are known to Rental were ascertained. If it were desir. labour under this complicated inconve- able to institute a similar Comparison for nience, which, as well as the irregular li- any subsequent year of wbich the Rental mits of Counties (before mentioned) ob- is procurable at the Tax Office, One and viously requires rectification, and at the a Half per Cent. per Annum might be same time all Extra Parochial places added to the Population of 1811, that hav. should be subjected to the otherways ge-ing been the Rate of Increase in the preneral Laws of the Realm.
ceding Ten Years. JV.--ANNUAL VALUE of Land per
SCOTLAND and Ireland are nearly equal Square Mile; and such Mile being 640 to each other in Area, and together are Statute Acres, the Annual Value of the equal to ENGLAND and Wales. The AsAcre may thence be deduced. In this view sessed Rental of SCOTLAND in 1811 was the Counties of Leicester and Somerset are £9,899,364. the most fertile (Middlesex always ex
J. R. 1816. *cepted) their whole Surface averaging at 28. and 27s. per Acre. The whole Šur. face of England and Wales averages at
INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE 178. 2d. per Acre. V.-POPULATION, according to the Re
BRITISH DOMINIONS IN INDIA, turns of 1811, exclusive of the Army and Navy.
SETTLEMENTS IN THE EAST. VI.-Density of POPULATION, or namber of Persons on a Square Mile.
OF THE Jews in Cochin. VII.- PROPORTION of AGRICULTURAL
(From the Journals of Messrs. Nott and Hall,
American Missionaries to India.) POPULATION, expressed in Centesimal parts The Counties of Bedford and Hereford “ We several times visited the Jewi rank highest in this respect among the at Muttoncherry, near Cochin, went into English Counties, as shewing 68 families their synagogues, and conversed with their in 100 to be “employed in and main- priest and most intelligent men. tained by Agriculture;” in Wales, where “ The White Jews have but one Synathe Division of Labour is not carried so far, gogue in this part of the country. The and the Artisans and Tradesmen subsidiary Black Jews have eight. Of the White to Agriculture are consequently less nu- Jews there are forty-two families, and meroiis, some of the Counties exhibit a eighty males above thirteen years of age, higher proportion.
at which time according to their custom VIII.-AMOUNT OF TAE NET PRODUCT, they are no longer minors. Their whole in the form of Rent and Tithe arising from number amounts to about two hundred each Family employed in Agriculture. The souls. The whole number of Black Jews most obvious causes of great Surplus Pro- in this part of the country amounts, accordduce of this kind are, a large proportion of ing to their estimate, to five or six hundred. Pasture, Fertility of Soil, and abundance of some intelligent European gentlemen Capital judiciously applied. The County thought that their number was much of Northumberland is very remarkable, as greater, but they gave no reasons for dif