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there is great difficulty in doubling the South West Cape of Van Diemen's Land the Master of her determined to navigate

National Register. her through Torre's Straits, by far the

BRITISH most dangerous passage in the world, ou account of the numerous reefs and rocks scattered over it. The Indefatigable fell in

King's Health. with a small ship called the Cochin, bound “ Windsor Castle, May 5.-His Majesty to Amboyna, and a brig going to Bengal, passed the last month in good bodily which sailed from Port Jackson, on the health, and in uniform tranquillity, but his 13th of July, and made the reefs of the ex. Majesty's disorder is not diminished.”ternal barrier, in 11. 50. S. Jatitude, oppo-Signed as usual. site Hardy's Islands, on the 3d of August;

Carlton-House, Thursday, May 2, 1816. and, having found a passage through them

This evening, at nine o'clock, the solemin that latitude (about 20 miles south of the vity of the marriage of her Royal Highness place where the Pandora frigate was lost) the Princess Charlotte Augusta, daughter she sailed among them for two days, an

of his Royal Highness George Augustus choring at night, and passed the most dan. Frederick, Prince of Wales, Regent of the gerous part of the Strait without acci- United Kingdom of Great Britain and dent, by a passage that had not been at Ireland, with his Serene Highness Leopold tempted before. In doubling the northern- George Frederick, Duke of Saxe, Marmost islaud of the Duke of York's groupe, grave of Meissen, Landgrave of Thuringuen, she struck in thirteen feet water, and re Prince of Cobourg of Saalfeld, was permained fixed for ten hours, when, by the formed in the Great Crimson Room at rise of the tide, she floated into deep water Carlton-House by bis Grace the Archbi. without injury. The masters of two ves shop of Canterbury, in the presence of her sels in company went on shore on Posses. Majesty the Queen, his Royal Highness sion Island in hopes of finding turtles; but the Priuce Regent, their Royal Highnesses had no sooner set foot on shore, and ad- the Dukes of York, Clarence, and Kent, vanced towards some bushes, than a party their Royal Highnesses the Princesses Auof Savages in ambush threw a volley of gusta-Sophia, Elizabeth, and Mary, her spears at them, and nearly cut them off: Hoyal Highness the Duchess of York, her the Captain of the Cochin received a spear Highness the Priocess Sophia of Glou. through his hand, and his mate another cester, their Serene Highnesses the Duke through his shoulder, but no lives were and Mademoiselle D'Orleans, the Duke of lost. These Savages, fearless of fire-arms, Bourbon, the Great Officers of State, the followed the party to the beach, and waded Ambassadors and Ministers from foreign into the sea after them as far as they were States, the Officers of the Household of her able, throwing spears into the boat. The Majesty the Queen, of his Royal Flighness natives of these Islands, and the North the Prince Regent, and of the younger Coast of New Holland, are by far the most brauches of the Royal Fanıily, assisting at dangerous people in the world, and uni- the ceremony. formly endeavour to destroy every person At the conclusion of the marriage ser that unwarily lands on their shore. They vice, the registry of the marriage was at. are numerous; and to give notice of stran- tested with the usual formalities, after gers being near, light fires in all directions. which her Majesty the Queen, his Royal The Indefatigable arrived at Batavia by Highness the Prince Regent, the Bride and the way of Allas' Straits, August the 31st. Bridegroom, with the rest of the Royal She there received a freight of coffee, sapan Family retired to the Royal Closet. wood, and pepper, and was ready to sail

The Bride and Bridegroom soon after for England, the passengers, and every thing being on board, when, on the 22d of left Carlton House for Oatlands, the seat October, she took fire in the after-gun of his Royal Highness the Duke of York. room, occasioned by a man drawing off

Her Majesty the Queen, his Royal Higharrack by candle-light, and in a few hours

ness the Prince Regent, and the rest of was burnt to the water's edge."

the Royal Family, passed into the Great

Council Chamber, where the Great Offi. .. This information may prove of great cers, Nobility, Foxign Ministers, aud other importance to our Colony at Port Jack- persons of distinction present, paid their son :—it is much to be feared that in the compliments on the occasion.

Immediately after the conclusion of the destructiou of the vessel, all Charts, &c. of marriage, the Park and Tower guns were the passage were consumed.

fired, and the evening concluded with


other public demonstrations of joy through. | bourg, who, as our readers must remem• out the metropolis.

ber, commanded the Allied Armies at an Whitehall, May 3d, 1816.

early period of the French Revolution ; His Royal Highness the Prince Regent Charlotte, is the youngest son of that emi

and Prince Leopold, united to the Princess has been pleased, in the vame and on the

nent Commander. behalf of bis Majesty, to declare and ordaill, that his Serene Highness Leopold

On the occasion of the marriage of her George Frederick Duke of Saxe, Margrave Royal Highness the Princess Charlotte, all of Meissen, Landgrave of Thuringuen, Prince the magnificent articles of lier Royal Highof Cobourg of Saalfeld, consort of her ness's wardrobe were of British manufacRoyal Highness the Princess Charlotte Au- ture, and that of the best and richest kiud, gusta, shall take, hold, and eujoy, during except the Brussels, Mechlin, and Valen. the term of his uatural life, in all assem- ciennes laces. blies or meetings whatsoever, the prece There were not less than 700 licenses dence and rank following, that is to say, issued from the Ecclesiastical Court, for before the Lord Archbishop of Canter marriages, to be celebrated on Thursday, bury, the Lord Chancellor, and all other May 2. Great Officers, and before the Dukes (other than and except the Dukes of the Blood Orders have been issued from the Lord Royal) and all other Peers of the Realm. Chamberlain's Office for the Court's going German genealogists trace the origin of late Empress of Austria; to change on the

into mourning, ou Sunday the 12th, for the the present Saxon Princes to Witikind, 26th, aud go out of mourning on the ed of the celebrated chief of the Saxons, who,

June. for 30 years, contended against all the power of Charlemagné, and who, after his

A Return to an Order of the House of final submission to that conqueror, still re

Commons states the net produce of the Re. tained large territorial possessions, together venue, in the year ending 5th April, 1815, with the Ducal title. From him were de- at £65,806,470; and in the year ending scended the Dukes of Saxony, of whom the 5th April, 1816, at £66,292,135, makBernard, in 1275, was the first that was ing a difference of £185,665, in favour of raised to the Electoral dignity. The elec- the latter year. torate was enjoyed by the descendants of this Prince until 1122, when, on the failure It appears by a paper presented to the of his line, it was conferred on Frederick House of Commons, that the prices of “the Warlike," Margrave of Thuringia, gold in May last were £5 6s. and £5 5s. also a descendant of Witikind. T'he per punce; those of staudard silver 6s. 94d. grand-sons of this latter were Ernest and and 6s. 6.; from which they are graAlbert, from whom are descended the Er- dually declined to £! for gold, and 5s. for nestine and Albertine braoches of the silver. According to the present price of House of Saxony. The Ernestine, which dollar silver, the three-sbilling tokens of the was the elder branch, continued to enjoy Bank are intrinsically worth 2s. 441. each; the electorate until 1547, when John, “ine their average value, according to the prices Magnanimous” was deprived of that dig- of the whole interval between February, nity by Charles V. who conferred it on

1815, and the 26th of April last, war Maurice, the patriarch of the Albertine | 25. 81. branch, to which the present King be An account has been presented to Par. longs. “The Protestant religion,” says a

liament of the amount of Bank-notes in Jearned writer of the present day, “bas circulation, on every Saturday night, bethe greatest obligations to the Princes of tween February, 1815, and the 26th of the Ernestine line. Frederick, the eldest April last. It is remarkable, that the low. son of Prnest, was Luther's first patron est amount of those of £5 and upwards, and defender. John, the second son of which was £14,447,300, was on the 6th of Ernest, was the chief promoter of the January last, and the highest, which was protestation against the Church of Rome, £17,850,600, was on the ensuing Saturday. from which the Protes! unts have derived The amount of these notes, on the 27th of their appellation." This John was sur. April last, was £16,777,650; that of the named “the Constant.”. He was the fa- smaller notes £9,193,000. ther of the above mentioned Jobu “the During the last year the amount of Magnanimous," and grandfather of John forged notes refused by the Bank amountFrederick, the founder of the House of ed to £29,000. Saxe Cobourg. Of this illustrious House - Total nominal value of bank potes prethe late head was the Duke of Saxc Co- sented at the Bank, and refused paymept,





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on account of their being forged, for the together with the Minutes of the Evidence last four years, to the latest period to taken before them ;which the same can be made up, specifying “ Have examined the matters to them the total nominal value so presented, and referred; and agreed to the following Rerefused payment in each year respective solution : ly: In the year 1812, £28,136; in 1813, " Resolved, That it is the opinion of this £20,868 ; in 1814, £22,154 ; in 1815, Committee, founded upon the examination £21,954; to the 27th April, 1816, £9,368. of evidence relative to the prices of British Total, £102,480.

Wool, that no part of the present Agricul

tural Distress arises from the inadequacy The New Coinage, which is proceeding not expedient to inake any alteratiou in

of those prices; and therefore, that it is at the Mint, is said to include both Sil. the Laws, relating to Woolien Goods, and ver and Gold. The gold pieces are of the Trade in Wool." 29th April, 1816." 20 Shillings, which is certainly a great convenience to trade. The Silver includes what has long been much wanted_a Shi)ling of a new die. Both these Coins are said to be remarkably neat in the execu

(1.)-Estimate of the probable Annual Expense. tion ; and it is hoped (but of that our ex

£. pectations are not very sanguine) that Me Military Charge:accuracy of the fabrication will render the Pay of a battalion of 1,000 pieces difficult to be counterfeited. rank and file, according, Scarcely any thing can be more obvious to the rates established than the circumstances which occasioned for the East India Coma degradation of the coin; and yet few pauy's service at St. Hethings appear to be less generally' under lena.

34,789 11 10 stood. In the first place, it is necessary to PAY OF THE STAFF; viz. have a well executed coinage, especially

£ of Silver. Where this is the case, the

2 Aides-de-Camp 347 14 ring of the metal easily detects the

i Secretary 695 8 counterfeit,-Secondly, there should be a strict rule against disfiguring the coin

i Brigadier-Gen. 1,043 2

i Dep. Adj.-Gen. . 695 8 with punches and other tools. The coiners

1 Deputy Inspector adopt this method in order to prevent the · metal from ringing, and thus to get an op

of Hospitals . . 869 5

1 Apothecary 347 14 portunity of introducing their own forged

£3,998 11-38,788 % 10 • ware. All money, therefore, which had

ORDNANCE:been punched, hammered together, cut, or otherwise disfigured, should be declared Pay of a company of Royal not current.—Thirdly, a sufficient quan

Artillery, according to tity of the new coinage should be issued

the rates above specified 4,317 12 6 to meet at once all the demands of com- Civil: merce : and lastly, which is the key stone Salary of the Governor, of the system, all base or inferior money including all his civil should be entirely cried down, and the and military allowances, tender of it, after a short time, subjected table money, &c. . 12,000 0 0 to a penalty.

Estimated annual expense

of Bonaparte and his The Select Committee of the House of Suite

8,000 0 0 Commons upon Seeds and Wool, &c. have Probable expense of provimade their First Report ;-The following sions for the troops at is a copy :-“The Select Committee ap 2s. 6d. for each ration 54,750 00 pointed to examine into the policy of imposing an increased Duty on the import of

Total Charge 117,855 15 4 Foreign Seeds, and to report their opinion Deduct average annualexthereupon to the House ; and who were pense of the garrison of instructed to consider of the Laws relative St. Helena, previous to to Woollen Goods ; and the trade in its becoming the resiWool; and also to consider of the Laws dence of Napoleon Boprohibiting the growth of Tobacco in naparte :

80,384 0.0 Great Britain ; and were empowered to report, from time to time, to the House,

37,471 15 Vol. IV. No. 21, Lit Pan. N. S. June 1.



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Probable Expense of the Naval Force. accomplished as less reprehensible than L'xtract of a Letter from Mr. Croker to the act itself. For his Royal Highness

Mr. Goulburn, dated Admiralty Office, cannot admit that any circumstance could 11th April, 1816.

justify a British Officer in having obtain“ As it is not possible to state the precise ed, under false pretences, passports in disposition which the Admiral commanding feigned names from the Representative of on the Cape of Good Hope station may make his own Sovereign, and in having made of the squadron under bis orders, it cannot

use of such passports for himself and a subbe exactly calculated how much of the ject of his Most Christian Majesty, under whole expense is attributable to the service sentence for high treason, disguised in a of St. Helena; but an estimate of the ex

British uniform, not only to elude the vigipense on this latter account may be thus lance of the French Government, but to formed :-The whole expense of the squad- carry him in such disguise throngh the ron on the station is 131,2751. gs. per an

British lines. While the Prince Regent num;-the expense of that part which cannot but consider it as a material agwould, if there were no St. Helena squad-gravation of Sir R. Wilson's offence, that rou, be restored to the Indian station, and holding so high a rank in the army, he employed in performing the ordinary duties should have countenanced and enconof the Cape of Good Hope station, includ- raged an inferior officer to commit a ing the Mauritius, &c. is 76,7121. 13s. 1d. decided and serious breach of military which being deducted from the first sum, thinks it equally necessary to express his

duty, his Royal Highness nevertheless leaves 54,5621. 15s. 11d. as the expense of the St. Helena squadron, contra distin-high displeasure at the conduct of Captain guishing it from the whole force of the sta- J. H. Hutchinson, for having been himself tion; but it is possible that the Admiral

an active instrument in a transaction of so may find that the service can be carried on culpable a nature, more especially in a with a less amount of force, in which event country in amity with his Majesty

, a further deduction will be made from the where the regiment, with which he was above stated expense."

serving in the course of his military duty, “ I am, &c.

formed part of an army which had been (Signed.) “ J. W. CROKER." placed by the Allied Sovereigns ander

the command of the Duke of Wellington, Sir R. Wilson and Capt. Hutchinson. under circumstances which made it pecu

liarly incumbent upon every Officer of that Horse-Guards, May 10, 1916. army to abstaiu from any conduct which “ So long as Major-General Sir Ro. might obstruct the execution of the laws. bert Wilson and Capt. J. H. Hutchinson, of

“ His Royal Highness the Prince Res the 1st, or Grenadier Regiment of Foot, gent being unwilling to visit these Oficers Guards, were under trial, the Commander with the full weight of his displeasure, in Chief abstained from making any ob- which the complexion of their offence servation on their conduct.

might have warravted, and also taking “The proceedings having now termi, into consideration the degree of punishnated, the Commander in Chief has re

ment to which they have subjected them. ceived the Prince Regent's commands, to selves, by violating the laws of the country declare his Royal Highness's sentiments

in which this transaction took place, bas on the transactions which have led to the his sentiments, that they should be pube

signified to the Commander-in-Chiefthese trial and convictions of those Officers.

“ In the instance of Major-General Sir lished to the Army at large, in order to R. Wilson, the Prince Regent thinks it ne.

record, in the most public manner, the cessary to express his high displeasure, that strong sense which his Royal Highuess et an Officer of his standing in his Majesty's tertains of the flagrant misconduct of these service, holding the commission and receiv | Officers, and of the danger which would ing the pay of a Major-General, should accrue to the reputation and discipline of have been so uumindful of what was due the British Army, if such an offence were to his profession, as well as to the Govern- bis Royal Highness's most severe repre

to pass without a decided expression of ment, under whose protection he had voluntary placed himself, as to have engaged

hension. in a measure, the declared object of which

“ By Order of his Royal Highness, was to counteract the laws and defeat the THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF." public justice of that country.

Among the many experiments for stop“ Nor does his Royal Highness consider ping the dry rot in timber, that which is the means by which this measure was now in use at Plymouth yard is, a hole


bored to the depth of nine or ten inches in , was removed by a majority of 45 against the head of each timber, and tilled with 35. Mr. Haslam had but four hands held train oil; the hole is then plugged up, and up in his favour. the oil left to penetrate into the timber.

Conveyance of Fish to the Inlanı Counties. CAUTION.

O.xford, May 5, 1816.-The new Fish The extreme poverty of the Spitalfields Market in this city was opened yesterday. weavers, as lately exposed before a Pub- Eight hundred weight of fresh sea-fish were, lic Meeting at the Mansion House, ought exhibited, and sold at very moderate prices. certainly to induce British females to ab- The povelty of the scene altracted such stau from wearing foreigo manufactures, crowds, that the place became a complete to the injury of our poor countrymen. Bilungsgate The Constables and other Smuggling especially, is a moral evil, Police Ofhcers were called in, and had no which is greatly aggravated when it in small difficulty iu dispersing the multitude, creases the sufferings of the labouring po- and giving the purchasers an opportunity pulation.

of getting into the market. Arrangements Dir. Hale, at the meeting referred to, will shortly be made for the supply to justly observed, that there were many arrive exactly at noon. hundreds of our brave soldiers and sailors, who had been to fight for their country, said so much on the fisheries, is here, and

Mr. M. Phillips, who has written and and bad returned into Spitaifields ; but has received the sanction and support of now were sjoking under the extreme of the Heads of the University to his Grand distress; while they had to Jament that Survey. Mr. P. asserts, and bis assertions one cause of their want of employment appear well founded, that every town in was, that many English ladies wore silks, England might, with common activity, be which were the production of foreign supplied in the middle of the day, with loomis. This remark deeply impressed the abundance of fish taken from the sea on assembly; and we wish it may be duly re

the preceding evening. This neighbourgarded by our fair country-women.


hood being further from the sea-coast than would hope, after this hint, at least, says almost any other part of the kingdom, afan Evangelical preacher, to see no exhibir fords sufficient proof of the practicability tion of contraband goods in our places of of the argument: and, as thousands of perworship.

sons might find employment, it is hoped, Smugglers : Smuggling.

every encouragement will be given to faci. A most scrupulous search and corre

litate an object of such great importance. sponding activity prevail among the Cus Apple Trees. The following recipe has tom-house Officers, at Brighton, and other been used many years with success by an stations, to put a more effectual stop to the experienced farmer in Somersetshire, who introduction of contraband spirits along says, “ that for the last seven years he has the coast. This is become more necessary had full half a crop, while many of his from the equipment of several boats at Fe. neighbours, although with the same proscamp for the express purpose of smuggling. pect before the blossom appeared,'had They are built very strong, and being 40 scarcely enough to make a pie." feet long, aud only 7 in width, make an

Recipe. To every acre of orchard take astonishing progress through heavy seas.

a load of muck-straw, or orts raked from One of them run a cargo of 180 tubs from the grass fields ; lay it in about six or Fecamp in six hours. At that port a number of persons have formed an establish- eight heaps, into which divide a pound of

sulphur; endeavour to choose a clear day ment, anu liberally contribute towards a

to burn it, with a brisk air; and it will not fund for the support of those men who fail in their clandestine speculations. An only destroy the insect in the bud, but kill

all worms and other insects that breed unagent at Dieppe facilitates the means of der the moss of the trees and the bark. engaging many sailors to embark in these

The laté Winter. It is among the sin. dangerous expeditions across the channel.

gular proofs of the late continually inclePhysician and Surgeon removed.

meut season, in which no progress whatA Court of the Governors of Bethlem ever was made in vegetation, that the Hospital mét on Wednesday May 15, and potatoes which were buried in the ground taking into consideration the evidence con in 'what are called potatoe pies, or stacks of cerning Mad-Houses, before the House of potatoes, none of them had sprouted, but Commons, they refused to re-elect Doctor came out of the ground in as fresh a state Monro and Mr. Haslam, as Physician and as when they were put in at the beginning Apothecary to the Hospital. Dr. Monro of the winter.


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