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garden, the institution of midwifery, the che to supply the place of M. Zach's Corresmical laboratory, and the veterinary school. pondance Astronomique. At the head of this last establishment, is M. Zach is retired to Genoa, where he Professor Busch, of the same university; proposes to publish his future observations who has lately published the fourth and in a Journal that will be printed both in last volume of his Veterinary Treatment. the French and the Italian languages; but Learned Societies resumed.
he means, nevertheless, to continue his fa
vours to this successor of his old concern. After a long interruption the Society of Natural History at Halle has resumed its
Dr. Ch. E. Schmidt of Hildeburghauzen, sittings. The first took place July 8, 1814, announces a new periodical work under when several interesting subjects were
the title of The German League. This treated; and since that time the researches publication will contain a selection of pubof the members have been continued. lic documents and official- pieces, the
The Botanical Society at Ratisbon, has greater part unpublished.-Memoirs on resumed the publication of its Transactions different points of civil law, as likely to be in a new series, of which o.e (or two) tical Analysis of new works relating to
in operation, in future, in Germany.—Cri.. volumes is published, in large quarto.
these subjects. This work, with many others, had been interrupted by public cijcumstances ; it
The French Journals and lighter works will now, we trust, proceed without inter of the same nature, have certainly, an missiou.
appropriate interest among the literati: The first Memoir describes the present have long maintained a certain popularity.
this has been felt in Germany, where they state of Botanical Studies, and urges necessity of facilitating the acquisition of Messrs. Henri and Richard, announce a them. Other papers relate to various work, to be supported in conjunction, that
is intended to supersede the occasion for plants, &c.
those foreign communications. It will apSociety of Sciences at Gottingen. In the pear periodically, and will be formed of sitting of Nov. 9, 1814, was read a Report extracts, critical analyses, and annuncia
a new Alethod of unrolling the MSStions referring to the following objects. found at Herculaneum. The author, M. Sickler, requested the Society to name a 1. The most interesting Memoirs on the Committee to examine his method; with events of the times.—2. Extracts from the this the Society complied; they give their descriptions and observations afforded by opinion that the method bas succeeded the best modern travellers. 3. Biographivery well, with certain papers and cards, cal Notices of distinguished contemporapartially burut, of which specimens were
ries.-4. Historical illustrations of passing shewn; but whether it would succeed events.--5. Pictures of national manners, anů with the Herculaneum MSS. themselves, character.-6. Selections from the most in their different states of carbonization, striking passages of the romances, tales, could only be determined by experiments novels, fables, poems, &c. which daily made on the MSS.
visit Germany in great numbers.—7. New Steam Engine.
Critical Analyses of the most cousiderable
French works.-8. Extracts from the The Comte de Buquoy has lately pub- French literary Journals. The title of the lished at Prague, a description of a Steam
work will be Le Nouvelliste Français. Engine, which he describes as being practicable any where, and of very moderate cost. It was constructed in 1813 in one of the coal mines in Bohemia. It is possible lem, in a quarto volume of 250 pages,
M.D. G. Kieser has published at Haasthat this instrument might repay the attention of an English mechanician. The that obtained the prize from the 'Teylerian
his Memoir on the Organization of Plants, work has a plate.
Society at Haarlem, in 1812. It comprizes New Journals proposed.
a complete Treatise on the Anatomy and M. de Lindenau, Director of the Obser- Physiology of Plants, concluded by a view vatory of Seeberg, near Gotha, has lately of the resemblances among the elementary issoed a Prospectus, written in Latin and organs, the anatomical systems, the inte: German, of a new Journal, appropriated rior and exterior organs of plants, &c. to Astronomy, Geography, Mathematics, The author has published a portion of Natural Philosophy, &c. under the title of the Memoir, with additions, under the title Zeitschrift fur Astronomie, or Journal of of Elemente der Phytonomie, &c. This is Astronomy and Analogous Sciences.
It accompanied by six plates, and treats on will be continued monthly, and is intended the conformation, or anatomy, of this di
vision of the wonderful productions of M. Mazoi has published at Naples, the creative power.
first part of Ruins of Pompeii, in large folio, with plates. This work comprizes
among other things, a description of the National science, promoted.
Tombs discovered in that city, some of M. Jacques Ferdinand de Miller, direc- which have been described by M. Millin, tor of the National Museum of Hungary, and which are also included in the great is on the point of publishing the first vo
work that the Royal Academy of Naples is lume of Acta Musei Nationalis Hungarici. preparing on the Ruins of Pompeii, as soon It will contain the history of this establish
as the excavations are further advanced. ment, with critical notes of valuable MSS. preserved in the Museum. The Natural
The Academy of Sciences of Berlin hay History department of this Museum a!. proposed for the year 1816, the following ready occupies the new station assigned it Prize Question :by Count Bathyani. The library, with To determine by a critical examination, the cabinet of medals, antiquities, &c. are
of what may be found in the ancients, and in preparation for removal to the same by comparing these with monuments still structure.
existing, the relations which formerly subOne good turn deserves another.
sisted between the Greeks and Egyptians The Protestant preacher, Gideon Deaky i respecting religion, customs, sciences, and has published at Presburgh, in the Hunga- arts; and to demonstrate, if it be possible, rian language, An Apology for the charac. that the different ideas on these subjects ter and conduct of Pope Pius VII. We found among the Greeks, have been hope that, in return, Pope Pius VII. will transmitted to them from the Egyptians : send the Protestant preacher, Gideon also, the medium of communication of such Deaky, a full and complete pardon for all ideas. The prize is one hundred ducats. his sins; with absolution ordinary and extraordinary, and a proper assortment of
New Journal. indulgences, which may stand him in stead
Russische Sammlung, &c. Collection of of an apology for his character and con
Russian Natural History and Medicine: duct.
to be published in numbers at Riga.
This is a new Journal, of which the first Italian Society of Sciences and Arts, at number only las yet appeared. The editors Leghorn. This Society is divided into propose to collect the memoirs of Russian four classes, the first of which investigates writers on the state and progress of Natural moral philosophy, history, legislation, sta- History, Natural Philosophy, and Meditistics, and politics. The second, devotes cine, comprising whatever experiments itself to mathematical and philosophical or observations, on natural phenomena, or sciences, including also medicine. The on any branch of the medical art, may third to Philosophy and Belles Lettres; and come to their knowledge. Secondly, to the fourth to the Fine Arts. This Society promote the progress of Science, generally, is, however, somewhat slow in its publica- and of the Curative Art, in particular, by tions, no doubt, owing to the calamitous observations on the difference of climates, circumstances under which it has suffered productions, peoples, their state of health, of late years. It is now some years since or of disease, &c. The present state of meit published the last two volumes of medicine, the progress of literature, referring moirs, under the title of Alli dell' Academia to it, all public orders which affect its Ituliuni; &c.
establishments, colleges, scientific collecDiscoveries at Pompeii.
tions. &c. The plan embraces the three
distinctions of niedicine, the popular, the It is proper that we should record a Volume by M. A. J.. Millin, printed at
legal, and the veterinary. Naples in 1813, under the title of a De. scription of the Tombs which were dis
Literary Societies. covered at Pompeii in the year 1812. It The Literary Societjes existing iu Stockis illustrated by seven plates; and is more holm are 1. The Academy of Sciences, particularly worthy of notice on account founded March 31, 1741. This institution, of the very learned notes which accompany a few years ago, counted ninety-six ordiit, in which the author illustrates many nary members, and sixty honorary in foparticulars of the customary rites at fune- reign parts. It possesses a museum, a lira's practised among various ancient na brary, and an observatory. 2. The Acrtious.
demy of Belles Lettres, History, and Anti
quities, founded by King Adolphus Frederic in 1659 : 3. The Swedish Academy, founded
INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE in imitation of the French Academy, in 1786, by Gustavus II. The number of its members is fixed at eighteen. Beside
BRITISH SETTLEMENTS IN INDIA. these are-A Military Academy-A Pa. triotic Society-A Society Pro Patria,--an Agricultural Society — an Academy of ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT, Painting and Sculpture—and an Academy of Music.
The following appointment concerus
pot India only, but the British nation, and The Medical Society of Stockholm, is the only one of its kind now existing in Swe- the Christian world at large. Very rarely den. It was formed and founded in a have our Sovereigns had occasion to ap• friendly meeting of seven physicians, point Bishops iu parts so distant, and we Messrs. de Schulztheim, Hagstroem, recollect at this moment, no other than Gahn, Gadelius, Giftren, and de Traufenfeld. It was constituted a public Medical the Bishop of Quebec, in the British SetSociety, by a Decree of the Government tlements, and a Bishop consecrated for dated December 31, 1307, and assembled the purpose of transmitting the succession for the first time, October, 25, 1808, to set in the United States of America. What tle its organization. Its first opep
effect this Ecclesiastical Establishment was October 2, 1810. The King has granted it the privilege of free postage may have on the heathen of India, time throughout the kingdom, in order to fa- will shew: and when India breaks off its cilitate the means of its correspondence.
present connection with Britain-for cerIts annual meeting is usually held in tainly it will not be eternal--this provision October. The ordinary meetings are held for succeeding Church Officers, may have every Tuesday, for the purpose of deliberating on the different diseases which important consequences. We understaud, bave appeared, for reading correspondence, that already the presence of their Bishop &c.
has had its influence on the higher officers, The Society possesses a considerable li. among the Europeans. Our pages record brary, especially of foreign books, with various efforts made and making to spread the medical journals of all foreign paris: - Christianity in that country, to which It has, also, formed a museum of Natural History, Anatomy, instruments of Surgery, every well disposed mind must earnestly &c. and it publishes a Journal under the wish that this measure also may essentially title of Svenska Laekare Saellskapets Hand- contribute. lingur.
EXTRACT FROM THE LETTERS Patent
GRANTED BY His Royal HIGHNESS THE A Political Journal, said to be well con
Prince REGENT, ON ducted, under the title of Neue Fackeln, &c.
MAJESTY, UNDER DATE 20 May, 1814. New Flambeaux, lately reached as far as ..“ And we do by these presents give and three volumes; when it sunk, apparently grant to the said 'Thomas Fanshaw Middlefor want of support:--and rumour affirms, ton, and his successors, Bishop of Calcutta, that it wanted support, because its principal full power and authority to confer the object was, to expose the defects and abuses orders of deacon and priest, to confirm which existed in the administration of the those that are baptized and come to years ci-devant kingdom of Westphalia. If these of discretion, and to perform all the other grievances were weighty, and if the ex. functions peculiar and appropriated to the posure of them was intended to obtain a office of a Bishop, within the limits of the semedy, by enlightening the public officers, said see, but not elsewhere--suci Bishop we are sorry this work should fail ;-but, and his successors having been first duly orif it were of a jacobinical cast, and contri- dained or consecrated Bishops according to buted to render the people discontented, the form prescribed by the liturgy of ibe without adequate cause, we canpot but Church of England,—and also by bimself consider its want of success as a proof that or themselves, or by his or their commisthe Westphalians have had quite enough of sary, or commissaries, to exercise jurisdic. the blessings attendant on Political altera- tion, spiritual and ecclesiastical, in and tions.
throughout the said see and diocese, ac.
cording to the ecclesiastical laws of our persons and affairs, we do hereby erect realm of England, which are lawfully made found and constitute one archdeaconry in and received in England, in the several and over the presidency of Fort William causes and matters hereinafter in these in Bengal, to be styled the archdeaconry of presents expressed and specified, and no Calcutta, and one other archdeaconry in other. And for a declaration of ouir royal and over the presidency of Fort St. George will concerning the special causes and op the Coast of Coromandel, to be styled matters in which we will that the aforesaid the archdeaconry of Madras, and also one jurisdiction shall be exercised, we have other archdeaconry in and over the prefurther given and granted, and do by these sidency of the island of Bombay, on the presents give and grant to the aforesaid coast of Malabar, to be styled ihe archBishop and his successors, full power and deaconry of Bombay ;-all such archdeaauthority by himself or themselves, or by couries to be subject and subordinate to his or their commissary or commissaries, the said Bishop's see of Calcutta. And to by him or them to be thereunto specially the end that this our intention may be authorized, to grant licences to officiate to carried into due effect, We, having great all ministers and chaplains of all the confidence in the learning, morals, prochurches or chapels, or other places with bity, and prudence of our beloved Henry in the said diocese, whereiu divine service | Lloyd Loring, M. A. John Mousley, M.A. shall be celebrated according to the rites and George Barnes, M. A. do name and and liturgy of the Church of England, appoint him the said H. L. Loring, to be and to visit all such miuisters and chap- archdeacon of the archdeaconry of Cal. lains, and all priests and deacons in holy cutta; and him the said J. Mousley to be orders, of the united Church of England archdeacon of the archdeaconry of Maand Ireland, resident in their said diocese, dras; and him the said G. Barnes, to be with all and all manner of jurisdiction, archdeacon of the archdeaconry of Bompower and coercion, ecclesiastical, that bay—the said archdeacon shall within his may be requisite in the premises; as also archdeaconry be assisting to the Bishop of to call before him or them, or before his or Calcutta, in the exercise of such episcopal their commissary or commissaries, at such jurisdiction and functions as we have hereby competent days, hours and places what- been pleased to limit to the said Bishop, soever, when and as ofien as to him or
according to the duty of an archdeacon them shall seem meet and convenient, the by the ecclesiastical laws of our realm of aforesaid ministers, chaplains, priests, or England. And we do further will, ordain deacons in holy orders of the united and deciare, that each of the said archiChurch of England and Ireland, or any of deacons shall within his archdeaconry be, them, and to enquire by witnesses to be and be taken to be, without further apsworn in due form of law, and by all pointment, the commissary of the said other lawful ways and means, by which Bishop and his successors, and shall exerthe same may be best and most effectually cise jurisdiction in all matters aforesaid, done, as well as concerning their morals according to the duty and function of a as their behaviour in their saià offices and commissary by the said ecclesiastical laws. stations respectively. Aud we do hereby We will and do by these presents declare authorize and empower the said Bishop and ordain), that in all grave matters of and his successors, and his and their com correction which are accustomed, accord, missary and commissaries, to administer ing to the practice of the ecclesiastical all such oaths as are accustomed and may laws of our realm of England, to be juby law be administered, according to the dicially exanıined, the same shall in like ecclesiastical laws of our realm of Eng. manner be judicially examined and proland, and to punish and correct the afore- ceeded in before the said Bishop and his suc. sajd chaplains, minsters, priests and deacons cessors, or his or their commissary or comin holy orders of the united Church of missaries aforesaid, in their respective archEngland and Ireland, according to their deaconries in which the party to be prodemerits, whether by deprivation, suspen-ceeded against shall reside; and all such sion, or other such ecclesiastical censure or causes shall be proceeded in to final sencorrection as they would be liable to, ac tence in due form of law. cording to the ecclesiastical laws aforesaid. Aud for the further accomplishment of
Prospects of Trade up the Country. our intention, and for aiding the said Extract of a letter from Futty Ghur Bishop of Calcutta, according to the laws (Upper Province, Hindostan), June, 1814: and customs of the united Church of * I give you the earliest notice of what England and Ireland, in the due aud ca. I think, a commercial opening, which may nonical superiotendance of ecclesiastical be beneficial. Our possession of Kamaoun,
THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN JAPAN.
wbich we shall retain, and which cannot the lawyers, when pleadings, statutes, and be wrested from us, gives us a free and briefs, were in Norman French. commodious route (through the vast ridge of the Hemaleh mountains) into Tartary.
We take this opportunity of reporting in All the inhabitants in the vicinity of the favour of our own language, that it is now Pass are deligbted at getting us close to making progress among a people hitherto them, the Goorkas having been very bad deemed alınost inaccessible; E. gr. neighbours indeed. They have explained the trade which they carry on.
From their statement it appears clear, that ihere will The fact, that the English language is be an immense market for fine cloth studied by order of the Emperor, and Engof lively colours, coarse woollens and lish books eagerly asked for in Japan, hardware. They have a good deal of strongly marks the age in which we live, money current among them, and they have and the progress of human intercourse. valuable articles (musk, borax, gums, &c.) “ It is an extraordinary fact, that not withfor barter. In short, we believe that an standing the determination of the empire of extensive trade might be carried on with Japan not to enter into foreign commerce, much profit in this new channel."
the English language, for seven years pasi,
since the visit of Captain Pellew, has, in SERINGAPATAM : UNHEALTHY. The Commander in Chief of Madras has cultivated with considerable success, by
obedience to an edict of the Einperor, been set out for Seriugapatam, for the purpose the younger inembers of the College of of examining that place, and of ascertaining Interpreters, who, indeed, on occasion of whether it would be practicable to do Dr. Ainslie's mission, were anxious in their away the same as a military station, on account of the extreme unbealthiness of its inquiries after English books." Mr. Rafiles climate. His Majesty's 34th regiment,
says, a commerce between this country
and Japan might easily be opened; and we when it went there about a year since, was
find it rumoured, that the court of Direc1000 strong, but last month it could not tors of the East India Company is far muster 300 men on parade. The native from differing greatly in opinion with this troops are equally affected.
gentleman upon the subject. CEYLON.
It happily appears that the obstacles The naval depot of stores having been which presented themselves against the removed from Madras to Trincomalee, and Abolition of the Slave Trade in the East. Commissioner Puget having arrived there, ern Islands are gradually giving way, that place had become the permanent port through the indefatigable exertion of Goof naval redezvous.
vernor Raffles. JAVA.
Geological ConstitUTION OF Jaya. Further Extracts froix a Discourse delivered by the The geological constitution of Java ap
Governor, to the Literary and Scientific Society pears to be exclusively volcanic, without of Java, Sept. 10, 1816.
any admixture whatever of the primitive The following particulars are among the or secondary mountains of the Asiatic conmost curious which have reached this tinent, while Sumatra, with Banca, apcountry. The existence of two languages, pear to be a continuation and termination
of the immense chain of mountains which in which conversation is held at the same pervades great part of Asia, and runs off time, by persons of different ranks, would finally in a direction north-west to southscarcely be tolerated as a stage trick on the east. Java deviates from the direction of European Theatre. It seems to annul the Sumatra and the peninsula of Malacca, in
striking off directly west and east. In this very purpose of language, which is commu
direction it is followed by the laryer of nication. That different languages, or rather the adjacent islands of Bali, Lombok, perhaps dialects,were in use among different Sumbawa, Eydi, and Timor; and by many ranks, speaking among themselves, was well smaller, which contribute to constitute an
extensive series. This direction, as well known, and in fact, this is the great dis as the coustitution of all the islands enume. tinction of the Mandarins in China. Even rated, indicates the existence of an extenin Europe, the learned have a language of sive volcanic chasm in this part of the their own, as the Latin for the faculty, globe, running, for many degrees, almost
parallel with the equator. The conse&C.So it was for the church, and still is
quences of Java being exclusively volcanic in Romish Countries; and so it was among are, that while Sumatra abounds io me