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cerning the Admiralty. The plea was long PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY.

service; but bad these gentlemen seen

long service? It was true the Secretary Chap. III. Salaries - Economy-Navy Esti- of the Admiralty in war time received fees mates - Ireland, &c.

to the amount of 14,0001. per Ann. but, House of Commons.

this had not been stated as the reason for March 19.-Several Petitions presented limiting the former Secretary, Sir Evan praying the House to repcal such Taxes as Nepean, to 3,000). The whole Adminisaffected Agriculture; the depressed con tration made common cause against the dition of which they stated in strong terms. country on the subject of economy. The

21.- The Chancellor of the Exchequer people of England could not be persuaded gave notice of his intention to repeal 'the out of their common sense : the whole was Malt Tax, as a relief to agriculture. Mr. a mass of extravagance. Coke, of Norfolk, observed that what the Mr. Wynne, Mr. W. Pole, Mr. Banks, farmer most wanted, at the moment, was and Lord Cochrane spoke : when the a market for his barley. Barley soils would House divided : pot produce wheat; and they must be For the amendment

159 thrown out of cultivation, unless their pro Against it

130 duce was rendered saleable.

Majority

-29 Mr. Methuen introduced a debate on March 29.- The Bill for authorizing the increase of salaries in the Excise of the money to be advanced by the Bank, was Customs, and the Admiralty. In the Ex. described by Mr. Grenfell as borrowing cise the two chairmen from £1,700 had now three millions of the public's own money, £2,000; and seven Commissioners £200 for which the public pays 240,0001. leaving per annum, additional each. In the Cus-eight millions and a half of their own motoms thc Chairmen were raised from £1,400 ney in the hands of the Bank. He hoped to £2,000. The salaries of the Secretaries if the immense paper circulation was to be to the Admiralty bad been encreased one continued, that some means would be defourth, and this in a time of Peace! vised to enable the public to share the pro

Lord Castlereagh said there would be a fits. About 40,0001. had been saved to saving in the Secretary of State's Office the public, it might make up 100,0001. of about £4,000 per ann. In the Paymas

Navy Estimales. ter's Office about £41,000 per aon. In the In a Committee of Supply, Sir G. War. Commissariat Department about £100,000 render moved that a sum not exceeding per ann.

In the Storekeeper's about 34,3641. 12s. 6d. be voted for the expenses £10,000. The Barracks would be reduced of the navy pay office.. from 90,000 men to 40,000. The Admiral Mr. Bennett thought 4,0001. a year too ty would save about £400,000. The Vic- much for the Treasurer of the Navy. Those tualling about £25,000. Total £571,000, of the army had only 2,000l. a year: and soon to be augmented to £650,000. he thought the same sum might be amply

But, they could not ''suddenly forget sufficient for the Treasurer of the Navy. their meritorious servants, nor turn off all The Chancellor of the Exchequer obin one moment. After their length of ser- served, that the balances of the public mo. vices the whole sum divided as increased ney held by the Treasurer of the Navy, salary among the officers retained was only when his salary was only 2,0001. were a 7,5001. He moved the previous question source of incomparably greater income than

Mr. Brougham insisted that this parade the addition of 2,0001. making up its preabout saving 5 or 600,0001. was all mere sent amount. They amounted annually, yerbiage. It was true, a number of work. on some occasions, to 40,000). or 50,0001. men had been turned off, as there was no Mr. J. Martin moved, that the sum of more want of them: but, saving there was 7,0001. for the Navy Pay Office, placed on

The salaries of Mr. Croker and Mr. der the head of contingencies, be deducted Barrow (Secretaries to the Admiralty) from the vote, because the details of the should bear some proportion to their la- items promised to be brought down were bours; but, surely, their labours were less not yet before the House--- Negatived, by in time of peace. To put 1,000). per Ann. 153 against 57. into the pocket of one, and 5001. per Ann. Sir George Warrender moved a resoluinto the pocket of the other, was burdening tion for 49, 1951. 36. 4d. for the expences of the public, already too much burdened. the Victuälling Office, which was agreed It was a piece of Court favouritism.

to, as well as 27,533). 2s. 6d. for Deptford Mr. Peel opposed the addition.

Yard; 33,0611. 7s. for Woolwich Yard; Mr. Tierney took an enlarged view of 35,4561. 2s. jod. for Chatham Yard; 25,4531. the subject in respect to its fitness, as cou- 6d. 6d. for Sheerness Yard; 60,7281. 58. cerning the Revenue Boards, and as con 1 for Portsmouth Yard and the Naval Col:

none.

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Jege; 47,4961. Is. 1d. for Plymouth Yard; The rector was obliged to employ a proc. 6,7911.3s. 5d. for the out-ports; 57,4621. tor. He collects, as he can; and if

aoy 188. 7d. for the Foreign Yards; 54,4231. be defaulters, he puts in an execution, and 78. 6. for victualling the yards at Dept. seizes the whole property, potatoes, pigs, ford, Portsmouth, Plymouth, Chatham, furniture, and all: mean while the children Dover, Cork, Yarmouth, Malta, Cape of were starving : could human nature bear Good Hope, Gibraltar, and Minorca ; it? The choice of Magistrates also, he 141,1211. Os. 3d. for the officers, shipkeep-thonght very injudiciously conducted.. ers, and men, borne on the several ships, The finances were in a wretched state. bulks, and small vessels; with the expense lle concluded, by moving for a Committee. of wages to them whilst they remain in The Archbishop of Cashel made several ordiuary ; 3,4671. 10s. for paying a bounty observations on the subject of tithes iir to twenty chaplains, of 4s. per day, who Ireland: he defied any man to bring for. have served seven years in the wavy ; to ward a case of abuse in the collection of twenty at Ss. who have served five years; tithes by the clergy that should require to twenty at 2s. Od. who have served four parliamentary interference ; and he conyears on board any of his Majesty's ships tended, that it was a mistake, to assert that of war, provided it appears by the books of the land-owners had been successful ja the said ships, that they have been actu- shifting the burdens of the tithes from their ally borne and mustered thereon for the own shoulders to those of the poor. above times; 152,900t. 7s. 6d. for victuals Lord Liverpool agreed with the Statc. to the officers and ship-keepers in ordinary, ments of the Rev. Prelate. He acknone as also to officers and men borne on the ledged the importance of the question. He holks and small vessels; making 4,857 i hought the original system of fovernment men for a year, or 1,772,805 men for a day, for Ireland radically vicious. But, so nuat Is. 6d, per diem each ; 113, 1191. for de merous were opinions, and so contradicfraying the expences of harbour, mooring, tory, that he had no hope for a happy isa and rigging; 535,5891. for ordinary re sue at present, He thought, that during pairs of his Majesty's ships, docks, build the fifty years of the present reign, Ireland ings, &c. in the several yards and offices; had been greatly attended to, and relieved. 1,019,755). for half.pay, superannuations, He did uot mean to say, that because mnch pensions, and allowances granted to of- had been done, nothing more should folficers in the military line of the naval ser. I low. Certainly, the evils of Ireland bad vice, their widows, relatives, &c.

rapidly disappeared, her prosperity had inHouse of Lords.

creased beyond that of any other country April 2.-H. R. Ho the Duke of Sussex in the world. If the agriculture of Enpresented a petition from Cripplegate gland had doubled, and that of Scotland Ward, praying for the reduction of the had trebled, it was not unfair to assert that present large military establishment. the agriculture of Ireland had quadrupled,

Lord Holland presented a petition to the and since the union, her commerce bad same effect from Middlesex, and another been carried to twice its former extent. It from Norwich.

was undoubtedly true, tirat in the course of State of Ireland.

the last summer it bad been found expeThe Marquis of Buckingham introduced dient to put in force the laws for securing the subject of the distressed and disturbed the internal tranquility of Ireland, and the state of that part of the United Kingdom. conduct of government in this respect had He thought there were radical defects in met with the approbation of all parties. He the system under which Ireland was go- could assure the noble Marquis, that go' verned. It was their lordships' duty tovernment bestowed much anxiety on the examine the matter thoroughly. The subject of tithes, on the Catholic Question, thought of keeping a garrison in Ireland, and on the Finances. He admitted the pres: a whole army, was dreadful. He would sing nature of this question, and the imnot fatigue their lordships with the Catho- portance of rendering Ireland a source of lic question ; but, that too ought to be in riches and of strength; but he did not : vestigated. He did not think lightly of the think that a single practical object could be opinions of the people. He should restore obtained by the motion of the Noble Marto the Catholics, eligibility to every place quis. The interveution of the authority of of bonour and profit; some excepted. parliament might excite expectations ibat

But, this would do little unless the sys- could not be gratified, and perbaps retard tem of tithes was amended. The burden or defeat the very object in view. of these was taken from the landholder, The Earl of Rosslyn said a Committee

and laid on the poor peasant's potatoe would prove the most proper place for tak: garden. But, the evil did not stop here. ing the subject into consideration. He

said, many of the same evils had existed formerly in Scotland, but they were cured;

POLITICAL PERISCOPE. why could not these be cured? The Earl of Aberdeen did not see how

Panorama Office, June 27, 1816. any practical advantange could arise from the proposed committee. When he said Tue Session of Parliament draws to a thuis, de did not mean to say that the great close. It has been an anxions Session 10 est attention should not be paid to the ac- all well-wishers of their country. It has knowledged distresses of Ireland. At the witnessed events, in more than one instance, şame time it should be observed, that the which were unlooked for by the most diswhole of Ireland was not in that extreme cerning :-perhaps, we rather ought to say, distress and agitation. The north of Ire- which the most discerning thought proper land was tranquil, and in respect to its not to make the subject of their avowagriculture, more flourishing than many eu predictions. districts in England. Oue great imperfer

Alinost every part of the empire has tiou wanted remedy, the revenue-law, been mentioned in the course of the Ses. which were, le conceived, productive of sion; but, not all, with that fullness and much at least of the moral evils of Ireland. dsuncine'ss of atteation, which future opOn the subject of Catholic emancipation; portunities will demani. The domestic he would merely say, that though he did difñculties have been amply sufficient; as vot expect that ihe removal of disabiliti: rould not but be, to meet the new order of would dissipate all the troubles of Ireland,

things. yet he thoneht the question should be immediately adjusted with all temper, and in The number and importance of subjects the spirit of conciliation.

which may be expected :o the next se sion, · Lord Pedesdale laid mu 5 of the noisery is very great. And lieving said this, we of Ireland to defective clucation little affairs; but, shall turn our attention to

shall add but little on ihe suloject ot home morals--ittle obedience. It was of the

foreigo parts. greatest importan'e to Ireland, that the Irish themselves should execute the lati's, The diffi: ulties attendant on the station and reform their people lle thought a of sovercigu are at this moment so notobetter magistracy might be appoiviti?; por rious, that san piy will any considerate was that the only in provement wanted. mind refuse them sympathy. We have

The Earl of Carnarvon wis strongly in ofiered the crown of France, for instance, favour of a Committee; as was also Lord to hulf a dozen of onr friends, who all deHolland, and Lord Grenville.

clined the office. It is at once iroublesome, Lord Sidmouth said, the war had, obrisians, indced, have had a momentary oc

thankless, and unprofitable. The Pastructed the improvement of Ireland, by casion of staring, báwling, and dancing ; the effect of French revolutionary principles on the opinions and conduct of the but, not half so much as Buonaparte would

have given them. people. It was under the Noble Barou's own administration that a comunission led True it is, that Buonaparte would have been appointed to ascertain the best means spent more money ;--and, without consiof education in Ireland : and it was also dering who paid the piper, the Parisians under his administration that the encou-l vould have danced again, and again-tant ragenient of Irish agriculture had been mieur:--but the King of France is too consummated. With respect to emanci-heavy to dance-tant pis. The Duke of patinn, the Noble Baron had himself said Berri has married a princess of the House that the measure could not produce good of Naples :but a prince is of no conseeffects unless the Protestants concurred in quence in France till his family make him it. Were the Protestants of this country so. disposed to concur in it? Would the Veto be acceded to, or any proper security XIVth's time, whose vanity found a gratifi,

Spain after France;-ever since Louis given? A great cause of discontent was cation in placing a picture, in the Grand the tithe system. That was a grievance to Gallery of 'Versailles, of the pas yielded by be lamented; but, after the most attentive the orice paramount Don. Well then, corisideration of the subject, he could see

Spain after France; and be it known, that no remedy for it.

a whole dozen of friends bave said no thank The House divided :

ye, to tie kindest offer we could possibly Contents-Present, 26; Proxies, 41 --- 67 make them of the Spanish Royal circlet. Not Cont--Present, 68; Proxies 69—137 For, to say truth, the perplexities of go.

verning a monarchy so divided as that of, because the lesser merchants did not pay Spain is, exceeds all that can possibly be- | them. Such is the wheel within wheel of fall private life, in an infinite ratio. Tocommerce! think of a civil war, in distant provinces, America is conscious of this wheel withoccupying thousands of leagues; while in whee!, and therefore grudges that her discontents at home, embarass all advices vessels are not admitted without restriction that can possibly begiven, all counsels that into the West India Islands. But why can possibly be tak?), all exertions that should not the vessels of the British procan be made, in whatever direction, is vinces, which have retained their allegi. painful even in idea ; and muqt be a thog- ance to the mother country, retain also all sand times more painful in the exercise of the advantages connected with it? It a dominion, which is liell at once of God, will give us sincere pleasure to learn that who judges the heari , and of the peopic, the exports from Canada, Newfoundland, who judge every thing but the beari. &c. of plauks and lumber, of corn and fish, Spaiu bas not yet received a bride from with whatever else they produce, ericrease, Portugal.

are encreasing, and are not likely to be di: Portugal, or rather Brazil, has lately

minished. Their prosperity is the prospebeen relieved from the charge of a Queen rity of Britain, for long to come. whose faculties were in no capacity for

Canada and Newfoundland connect business. While his mother lived, yet closely enough with Greenland, and Greenevidently stood ou the very, verge of deatlı, land brings us round again, creeping by the Priuce Regent is it no loss for a Iceland to Europe. Here Sweden meets reason for luis stay in South America. When us; a country whose present state we know ther he will continue in the same mind; not what to make of. We hear little about or whether he will return to Europe, will, it; cause enough for a profound politician now, be speedily disclosed. There is a to shake his head, doubtfully;-that little strange rumour of the exchange of the we do not know whether we like or not: kingdom of Portugal, with Spain, for pro cause more than enough for a very signivinces heyond the Atlantic. "Perhaps, the ficant shake of the head, and a ready sepaissue of the Princess, may unite the Sover. ration too, from an euquirer, with a

SIR, eiyuty of, both Spain and Portugal-one WE MAY LIVE TO SEE-YES, UPON MY lasting consequence of the French Revolution.

Denmark is interitón repairing her losses. The establishment of a court in South She finds that nobody will do it, at her Am ca, is, in itself, no indifferent consi- asking: she must exert herself, derauon for Christendom :, combined with Prussia is making very respectable adthe Court of America, actually existing, vances towards her peace condition. She and with the possible iustitution of Courts, has disbanded her army; prudentially. We in other parts of that immense Continent, augur well on her behalf. the whole presents an object, not to be contemplated witliout emotion. For, these and internal welfare. Report states that

Russia, also, studies external Commerce, Courts will not be quite so distant as that she too, has disbanded her armies. Report of China, or that of Japan, or even as that sometimes deals in equivocations so beat, of Persia, or that of Coustantinople: that is

that we know not whether to take het to say, the passage being direct to them by words grammatically, literally, analogixea, and our own possessions being their cally, or metaphorically. Russia is a great neighbours, what their dispositions may be,

power; and designs to be greater. will be of consequence to Britain. Report

The Sublime Porte, stands a chance of affirms that the army trained by British seeing her sublimity diminished by the officers in Portugal, is under orders for loss of a few of the Heron's feathers out of transport to the Brazils.

her turband. She has a difficult game to As to the court of North America, it play. It is likely that her opinion will be seems at present to have enough on its asked, 'ere long, où points well worthy of bands. It bas not yet touched the contents her deepest attention; and among them a of the Mexican mines; as should appear question or two from the Island which from the ill furnished state of its treasury. sent a fleet up the Hellespont, passing by Money, the sinews of commerce, as of war, the Dardanelles, to Constantinople. is so scarce, that some have not scrupled to That is as much as to say, the British affirm, that in Boston and elsewhere, there flag must waintain its dignity in the Mewere no sellers, because there were no diterranean, non obstante the Barbary buyers; and there were no buyers be- powers-or Barbarous powers-as some cause there were nó payers; and there pronounce their distinction : - But were no payers among the great merchants, I here ends the PERISCOPE of June, 1816.

WORDWE MAY

1815.

article. The late disturbances in the West STATE OF TRADE.

ludies, the late addresses voted by Parlia. Lloyd's Coffee House, June 20, 1816. ment pull contrary ways; and the miuds of Accounts reach us from every quarter of the principals in this interest are far from the general stagnation of Internal Trade: tranquil

. that is to say, the extensive speculations

Coffee meets a brisk market. The exentered into, in contemplation of the conti-port of this commodity is certainly very nuance of the war, have, in many instances

cousiderable. Dutch Coffee is a shade experienced the most absolute disappoint lower; but British fully maintains it, ment, and those who had proceeded too prices.

The Premiums of Insurance are rather, far iu them, are sufferers. If the princi-pals, who had taken the greater share, if any thing, lower. and employed others, under them, are

Silver has fallen one halfpenny per oz. suived, the calamity spreads, of course,

it is now, in bars, staud. 53. O{d. and those who hud a dependence, now fiud

Gold continues unmoved at £4, per oz. they have uone.

Amount of Goods sold at the East India Com. This has been the case in some trades to pany's Sales, from 1st May 1814, to 1st May a very alarming and dangerous extent : so that, in certain branches great pumbers of

Company's Goods.
Teas

. £4,669,932 hands bave been discharged; while in others, they have orders to a greater amount

Bengal Piece Goods

308,430

Const and Surat Ditto 511,907 than they can execute. Such a mutation of

Nankeens.

79,525 property follows a long and settled peace,

Raw and Organzine Silk 826,025 when war with its horrors breaks out, and

Pepper .

50,770 distresses the labouring classes: and the

Saitpetre

206,629 evil is exactly the same, when after a long

Spices

336,962 war, the nation returns to a state of trar

Drugs, Sugar, Cotton, &c. 309,738 quillity. Opinions differ as to the duration of Oris

£7,359,978 State of things : some think they already

Private Trade Goods. discern symptoms of improvement; and Teas

351,763 these keep up their spirits and indulge

Piece Goods

185,622 their hopes; others insist, that the powers

Raw Silk

164,631 of production have been encreased beyond

Nankeens

175,349 all' expectation of regular enıployment,

Saltpetre

29.918 and that, if orders were to arrive, they

Spices

30,614 would be executed with a rapidity which

Pepper.

341,690 would very shortly leave nothing to be

Drugs, Sugar, Indigo, &c. 3,327,565 done. We presume not to give an opinion be

£ 4,607,152 tween these different views of things; but,

Neutral Property and Prize Goods, this.we know, that our neighbours are in Teas

6,165 a state still worse; and that they are more Piece Goods

5,860 severely poverty stricken, than ourselves.

Spices

5,118 By a friend lately arrived from Leipsic

Pepper

28,651 fair, Hamburgb, and other parts of the

Drugs, Sugar, Indigo, &c. 37,282 Continent, we are informed, that, although there is no demand, properly speaking, for

83,076 any thing, yet if any goods are sold they are English: they are selling at a pitiful

£ 12,050,206 profit, because their purchasers canuot pay more for them; but, they do find Bankrupts and Certificates in the order of purchasers, wben others do not.

their dates, with the Attornies, The export demand for Cotton conti

BANKRUPTCY ENLARGED, March 23. nues; and this trade is brisk: the home Hewitt B. E. Bowman, and J. E. Bowman, all demand is somewhat abated; and the of Nantwich, Chester, hankers. holders, see their prudence in disposing of Buckingham R. of Briddleston, Devon, shoptheir stocks. Some have gone so far as to keeper. Sol. Punton, Wine Office-court, accept lower prices; but certain it is, that Fleet-street. many buyers have lately been absent from Campbell S. of Liverpool, upholsterer. Sols. the market, io expectation of purchasing Docker Jane, of Great Russel-street, Covent at greater advantage hereafter.

Garden, victualler. Sols. Bovill and Co. Sugar is likely to be a very Auctuating New Bridge-street.

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BANKRUPTS.

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