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METEOROLOGICAL TABLE.

LONDON MARKETS,

PRICE OF BREAD. Dryness The Peck Loafto weigh 171b. 6oz. by Leslie's The Half ditto

.4s. Od. dinto 8 11

2 3 Barumet.

The Quar. ditto ditto 4 51 .1 1 June 21 59 56 30,06 66 Fair The 'do ditto dinto 2

21 ...0 22 57

56 ,01 63 Fair 23 60 67

POTATOES, 51

29,85 54 Showry
24

62
56
55

Ox Nobles. 3 10 0
Kidney......5 0 0
986 50 Cloudy Champions... 4
72

0 0 | Apple : 25

4 10 6 61

,92 68 Fair 26 60 60 53

ONIONS, per Busbel, 2s Od to 3s 60
1,700 Rain
27 54 58 54 ,69 32 Cloudy

MEAT.
28
52 68 55 30,04 48 Fair

Smithfield, per stone of 8h. to sink the Offal. 29 55 72 61 ,05 154 Fair

Beef | mut

veal pork lam. 30 71 55 29,85 150 Fair 1816.

$. d.

$ d.
66 56
,80 59 Fair
July 5

2

0 2 53 69 55 ,75 69 Fair

12 5

8 0 5 07 3 56 68 54 ,75 64 fuir

19 5

6

6
56 60 52

,65 56 Stormy 28 5 4 5 6 5
54
66
55

,7,61 Fur
55 08
,71159 Fair

SUGAR
762 66 55 ,61 36 Shuwry Lumps ordinary or large 32 to 40 lbs... 102
61 68 50 ,60|19 Norte Fine or Canary, 24 tu 30 lbs.

120s 57 66 55 ,52 48 S owry Luaves, fine...

121s 10 58 67

,54 46 Shuury Powder, ordinary, 9 full bs...... 1108 11 57 66 55

,61 38 Showry
12 52 66 59

COTTON TWIST.
,78 40 Showry
13 55 05 56

909 54 Showry July 20. Mule Ist quality, No 40 3s. 2d.
14 5G 66 55
,82 45 Sbonry

No. 120 8s. Id. 15 57 62

57
,650 Rain

-2d quality, No 40 2s. 100.
16 56 60
,600 Rain

Discount--12 per cent.
17 59 68

,34 0 Rain
18
63 56

COALS, vel reed at 134. per chaki, adrance

735 47 Fair
19 58 60 62

0 Rain
Sunderland.

Newca tle. 20 62 74 66

June 28. 35s 6d to 40 6 35s 3d to 45 6 ,70 59 Fair July 5.

42 9 35s Od 47 3 12. 36s Od 39 3 35s 3d 46 9

19. 34s 6d 38 6 34s Od 46 6 London Premiums of Insurance.

LEATHER
Butts, 50 to 561b. 210 | Calf Skins 30 to

Dressing Hides .. 1811 45lb, per doz. 28 At 158. 9d. Poule, Exeter, Dartmouth, Ply-Crop hides for cut. 194 Ditto 50 to 70.. 564 mouth, and Falmouth.

Flat Ordinary 18d Seals, Large.... Al 155. Yarmouth, Hull, and Newcastle SOAP; yellow, 86s.; mottled 948.; curd 1025 At 208. Dublin, Cork, Waterford, Newry, CANDLES ; per doz. 12s. 6d. ; moulds 13s. Od.

Bristol, Chester, and Liverpool. At 158 to 1}.. France,

Course of Exchange. At 158 9d. to 20s Gottenburgh. Home

Bilboa At.lg. Madeira, ret. Home 2 gs.

34 Palermo, per oz. 114d. At 349s East-India, Comp. ships.

Amsterdam, us. 40–6 Leghorn

47 At 14 to lgs. Gibraltar, Cadiz, Lisbon, Opor Rotterdam

Ditto at sight 400 Genoa

43} 12-8 Venice,

86-90 At 358. Leeward Islands.

Hamb, us. 2} 36-10 Naples

39 At 24gs. Cape of Good Hope, Africa. Home the Paris, 1 d.d.

Altona us. 2 36-11 Lisbon
25-80 1 Oporto

56 At it to 2gs. Western Isles. Home 2 gs.

Ditto, 2 us. 26-0 Rio Janeiro 60 At 2gs. Jamaica. Home 2 to 3 gs.

Madrid

34 Dublin At 2 gs. Brazils. Home, the same.

Cadiz,
34| Cork

144 At 798. East-Indies, out and home.

Agio Bank of Holland, At 2 gs. Malta, Sicily, &c.

HAY and STRAW-AT SMITHFIELD. At 2 to 3 gs. Honduras,

Hay. Straw. Clover. At 14 to 24 gs. Canada, Newfoundland.

d. At 20s St. Petersburgh, Riga,. &c. Stockholm, July 4

5 5 0 2 5 0 6 0 0

11 5 10 0 2 10 0 At 00 gs. Southern Whale Fishery out and

18 5 15 0 2 15 0 6 10 0 25 ... 15 9 16 0

55

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THE

LITERARY PANORAMA,

AND

National Begister:

For SEPTEMBER, 1816.

FROM

ON THE

NATIONAL and PARLIAMENTARY | the impulse that attended the command; Notices,

but, when man was called tv reforma

tion, rational power was employed in a PROSPECTIVE and RETROSPECTIVE.

manner suited to the effect desired on (BRITISH & FOREIGN.) a rational agent, and the progress of

o'edience was gradual, because it was

eminently the result of conviction; it was REPORT

partial, for all to whom it was addresa

sed were not compliant ; and it was THE SELECT COVMITTER iinperfect, for imperfection is the lut

of frail humanity, even when most

desirous of that conformity to the moral EDUCATION OF THE LOWER ORDERS Image of God, which is its distinction, IN THE METROPOLIS;

its happiness, and its glory. With Mioutes of Evidence taken before the

Many Religions have been propagated Committee.

in the world, but their services were Ordered by the House of Commons to be printed, their inierior dogmata were revealed

constantly addressed to the senses ; June, 1816.

to sew, and only the initiated were in

structed in their mysteries. Whatever It is the part of wisdom to proportion key p-ssessed of Tru!h was concealed the means to the end. Even the Divi- from the populace ; ant the deposit nity, himself, displays his aitribute was faithfully kept ;---for woe to the with this reserve ; for, in vo instane: individual who dared divulge a word ! has waste of power been detected in the Paths of secrecy, the most fearful, began operations of his hands. To make the the initiation, which closed with denuncia. world, demanded a creative power, nu tion: oi yengeance the most horrible, on less than that which really was exerted : who: vưr so much as hinted at sights or to support the world, continues to de- sounds, sacred 10 him and his fellows. mand a power,--acting, indeed, by se- The world at large could be nothing the cond causes, yet, nevertheless, a power better for silence so impenetrable; and, appropriate and peculiar to Deity. io say truth, the initiated themselves And, when the greatest reformation differed in nothing practically, frota of the principal inhabitant of the world mass of their contemporarirs. was to be ensured, the interposition of They were neither improved in their Deity was necessary to prepare the manners, nor in their stntiments : they machine, to give impulse to the other affected po distinction from their fellow wise inert mass, and to produce those citizens, as might have been experird effects at which rational beings should rong those who had “ beheld the Gods;"> admire. This, indred, was the differ-hose who had tred the sacred recesses ence : ---when the globe was commanded of the templis, consecrated by the preto revolve, brute matter was actuatrd by sence of the descended deities ; those Vol. IV. No. 34. Lit. Pan. N. $. Sept. l.

2 I

who had been transported into extasies | associations among the Heathen. They of delight by the contemplation of celes- occasionally devoted their slaves to their tial splendour, and had thrilled with temples ; but this, so far from termihorror at the woes and anguish, the nating the condition of the sufferer, riechoes of which reverberated with in- vetted his chains the closer, and rencessant impulse through their ears and dered his state absolutely hopeless. their souls for many a long day after- | Death alone could set him free. The wards. The individual was never the bloody struggles of gladiators, dying for better for his participation ; the world the amusement of the populace, a sight was never the beller: it corrected no enjoyed by the ladies of the noblest vice; it proposed no remedy for the rank, (destined to the same fate for the diseases of the moral system among same purpose, as luxury improved on mankind; it afficted not the heart ;--- the ravishing spectacle) were first exeand, as to the conscience, that, it should crated by Christian feelings, and at appear, was altıgrther out of the ques. Ingih were prohibited by Christian tion.

Emperors. The vengeance of war, the A different systein was necessary to practice of suicide, the exposure of ineffect the real reformation of an indiri. Tants, the death-neins of the upoffenddual; and by converting a number of india ing, were gradualiy suppressed. A betvidua's from the crror of Their ways, fer habit of freling, a more correct accomplishing, at length, the referma- course of reasoning, a preponderance of tion of the public. It is to the glory groeral sentiment, banished these, with of Christianity that its beneficial conse a thousand other enormities, from the quences were soon deurloped among its wishes, and at length, from the recolprofessors; and the more flagrant evils lections of the people at large. at that time tolerated, and evrn protected The same superiority accompanied by public opinion, and demanded by the Gospel, in respect to the diffusion public clamour, were seen in their true of knowledge. There was no distincforins, and hy little and little, disap- tion of doctrines esoteric and exoteric, peard from the stage of life.

reserved and popular, among the pious Th. first of these evils was, the state preachers of the new dispensation. The of Slavery; for though that state was lowest station in life was, equally with not all at once prohibited, yet it was the highest, invited to acquire knowdiscouraged ; and though the Chris- ledge; and one of the greatest pleasures tians could not accomplish the freedom that could delight the hearts of the of the thousands and tens of thousands more autient was, to see a succession of slaves by which they were sur- of youth rising up, well informed, well rounded, yet they had private sub-acquainted with all parts of duty, and scriptions among theinselves, that is to well able to explain to weaker minds say, among their churches, for the re- whatever had the appearance of diffidemption from slavery of those whose culty, or intricacy. purchase was within their power, and We read of no reflections under which was justified by circumstances. Igna- the ingenuous youth of the laity were tius, then going to his martyrdom placed : knowledge was free to all; and (A. D. 107) writes to Polycarp, bishop though all could not like Origen travel of Sinyrna ---"Let not the men and the countries in which the primitive maid-servants (slaves] be puffed up ; Churches were plavted, in search of but rather let them be the more sub- knowledge, yet all were free to obtain ject to the glory of God; that they whatever Providence presented. Even may obtain from Him a better liberty. the young women were instructed by the Let them not desire to be set free at the Deaconnesses; and the married women public cost.

by their husbands, at home. Some, then, were set free at the pub Perhaps too, as Christianity acquired lic cost;-but, the Church directed its strength, by the number of its converts, bounty, at its own pleasure, according means were devised, by wbich to comto iis judgment.

municate gratis that instruction among We read of no such freedom-restoring the children of the poorer brethren,

• The

which otherwise might have exceeded we find uniformly to be the case. It adthe means of very worthy members of mits of no question, whether the importhe sucred coinmunity. There is a pas, tance of such persons to the Churchi, to sage in a strmou of Basil's (A, D, 360) the state, to their own connections, to which so apily characterizes the general that part of the community where their conduct of the Charity Childreu among lot was cast, were not iscalculably inourselves, that it may pass for a restin- creased by the education bestowed on blance in more points than one. Speak-thein: it was so then; it is so now; and ing of the solemnities on occasion of a while buman nature is human nature, it public fast, appointed in a time of great ever must be so. famine and drought, he says,

The Report of this Committee is brief: grown-up med, with few exceptions, they merely state, in general terms, the follow their usual trades : a very few course of their labours, with the result, join with me in public prayer; and which refers to further consideration for those lazy and yawning, and staring complete satisfaction, and a determinate about. And those little boys who have judgment on the subject. They allude left their books at School, and who make to measures to be taken ; but the present the responses together with us, do it as session has expired before they could a piece of plesure, che mere occupu- fully make mp their minds to the advice time of c pluy-eluy; or remission from proper to be given, on a subject so intheir usual tasks at school. These boys, teresting, so ditficult, and so important, it should seeni, were bound to atten The Minutes of Evidence coutain a dance, though we know not well, by mass of information, relating to the de. what bond ; and they made their ap- fective education of the lower orders in pearance at church, formally, though the metropolis. A city, which likr all loys and marbles might engross their other great cities, is the receptacle of exmorning's thoughts, as they did their tremes; the very best, and the very afternoon's leisure.

worst; the most exemplary, and the Whether this conjecture be true or most abominable. When it was not one false, certain it is, that Christianity was quarter of its present size, the deficienextremely favourable to the diffusion of cies it displayed on the subject of eduknowledge amoug the body of the taithy- cation, called into action ihe munififul. The Apostle commands private cence aud affection of sundry patrons of Christians to train up their children in learning. Hence St. Paul's school, the the nurture and admonition of the Lord; the instilution of Dean Culet; hence how this could be done without instruct- Merchant-Taylor's School, the Chare ing them, does not appear. He counniands ter-House School, Westminster-School, ibat the general body be made acquaint-Christ's-1'ospital School, &c. But, ed with the contents of his epistles, and these do not, at pres ut, strictly conhe enjoins the perusal of those which he cern the lower orders. They are adapted had addressed to neighbouring churches, to the education of children, whose pas He makes no exception, but expressly rents are by no means paupers; though states, “ all the holy brethren;" and he certainly, they were not intended to submits his sentiments to the judgment accommodate ihe sons of the wealthy. of such persons,

I speak as to wise The numerous parish schools which do men; judge ye what I say.” But, how honour to the city of London, more could they judge what this Apostle said, nearly approach that line of life to which unless they were acquainted with it? we desire to limit the present remarks, and how could they become acquainted Undoubtedly, they have been the source with it, unless it were laid open before of incalculable public benefit; and were them, and they were free to study it? it, possible to trace the thousands who,

It admits of no question, whether those from such instructions, have risen to best instructed in the principles of the respectablity, aud even to eminence, Gospel, were not the most effectually the astonishment inseparable from the shielded against the prevailing tempta- history, would be the best comment on tions of their day, as in our own time their utility.

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