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with regard to the Catechism which I or-actly, the sense of the Holy Scriptures,dered to be translated by several priests, Fourthiy, because in some places it is very the best versed in the language of the different from the versions of the best transcountry, each made use of different words lations, in French, Spanish, and Portuand phrases. That you may perfectly un guese. derstand the inutivity of such an enter Your Reverence must present this my prize, it will be sufficient to inform you answer to the Bible Society as also the that even at Goa the Christians of the reason of the delay, for in so considerable islands speak ditferently from those of Sal. a pojut as the translation of the Bible, I sette, and each of them differs from the lan conld resolve nothing without consulting guage of the Christians of Bardez; and I first the most Excellent Archbishop, Priapprehend that there are not half a dozen mate of the Orient, Chief and Head of the Christians in Goa who are able to read Catholic Religion in India, and in the papers written in the proper character, whole East ; veither in this Malabar coast with which the Gentoos write the Cana. is there a learned person to be consulted ; rese language; it may be added, that very as there is in Goa. few of the women of Canara can read the
I am your Reverence's Portuguese or their own language.
Most humble Servant, I have communicated with sincerity all
(Signed) that I know with respect to the subject
F. MANUEL de JOAQUIX Nevy. which gave rise to your letter, and I remain with a desire for many opportunities
Governor of the Bishopric of Cochin. to prove that I am,
Tutucoreen, 25th of February, 1814.
EXCERPTA From Earl SHEFFIELD's Re(Signed)
MANOEL, PORT On The Wool Trade, FOR 1816.
Archbishop of Goa. The increase in the growth of Wool of Goa, 5th January, 1813.
the Spanish race upon the Continent, particularly iu France, Germany, and Hungary,
is really surprizing; il is so great in France Copy of a translation of a letter from the in particular, that that country will in fuGovernor of the Bishopric of Cochin to ture receive comparatively little from Spain; the Superior of the Roman Catholics in she already exports very considerably, Ceylon.
consequently, greater quantities of Spanish Reverend P. Superior and Vicar. General | wool are, and will be poured into this Joaquim de Monroy.
country; for it appears, that a very couLast Deceniber I let your Reverence siderable quantity of Wool has of late been know, that the reason of my not having imported from France; we know, indeed, sent an answer about the Bible, was be- from returns before Pariiament, that the cause I did not receive the answer of the importations last year from France, Germost Excellent and Reverend Arclibishop many, (including Hungary) and from the Primate of the Orient whom I consulted; Netherlands, (from all of which formerly now as I have received it, I answer you as little or noue was imported into this counfollows:
try) amounted to -4,432,655lbs. nearly It was to be desired, that instead of the double the whole quantity of foreign Wool New Testament, about which you wrote imported from Spain and all parts, on an me, the version of Father Antonio Pereira average of eight years previous to the war should be reprinted, for that translation is of the French Revolution. The average of an accurate one in the Portuguese langnage; eight years importation of foreign Wool in nevertheless, I feel no difficulty in allow the beginning of the last century, when ing that the translation of the New Testa. the Woollen Manufacture of this country ment transmitted to your Reverence by was in a highly flourishing state, amounted the Bible Society, though it has some mis- only to 869,727lbs. the average importatakes of the true meaning, be distributed tion of eight years, ending 1799 inclusive, amongst the Christians.
and previous to the French Revolution, I cannot give an entire approbation to was 2,660,828lbs. and the average of the the said translation for the following rea same number of years ending with 1810, sons,–Firstly, because it is in a most cor was 7,729,929!bs. but the importation of rupt Portuguese language, --Secondly, be the last two years into England alone cause the style is very low and less suitable amounted to 30,704,072|bs. The price of to the Majesty of the Holy Scriptures, all fine short Wools is so depreciated, that Thirdly, because it does not declare ex even the foreign Wools cannot find a sale,
but great quantities remain on hand. I pay to foreigners for that article. Nor Wool, for which , 5s. per Ib. bad been re can there be any doubt of the practicability fused very shortly before, has been sold of raising such Wool here, and that the lately at 23. 10. Such is the redundancy climate of Spain is not necessary, as the of foreign Wool at this moment in our Spanish breed of sheep introduced above ports, that the best Spanish Wool has been 50 years ago into Saxony, (the climate of sold, after remaining on band for years, at which is less favourable for the purpose a reduction of 30 to 50 per cent. on the than that of the United Kingdom) How import price, and that too at very extend-furvish an immense quantity of Wool, ed credit; and, besides the large quantities which in our markets bear a higher price, of foreign Wool vow stored in England, and is even preferred to the best Spanish there is also at this time in Germany and Wool. Spain, an immense quantity of Wool ready Notwithstanding this prodigious increase to be consigned to this country, as soon as in the importation of wool, the manufacture there is a prospect of improved prices. bas by no means increased in proportion But the glut of short fine Wool is so great, nor improved in quality: on an average of that nothing like an adequate price is at 10 years, ending 1808, the broad and present to be obtained; hardly any offer is narrow cloths milled in the West Riding refused, and considerable quantities of fo- of Yorkshire (the only branch of the trade reign Wool have been bought up at Bris- of which a precise kuowledge can be tol, and in London, by the Netherlaud obtained), amounted to 15,000,000 yards; merchants. There are many large piles and the quantity milled in the year ending of Spanish Wool, which have been lying the 25th March, 1815, on the return of here seven years, and some of the largest peace, when an extraordinary demand importers will not receive any more on might be expected, was only 16,701.963 consignment until they have effected sales, yards, and the amount of the year ending having already made large advances which 25th Mareli, 1816, was but 17,044,325they cannot get reimbursed. A German yards, not withstanding precipitate efforts house has consigned here, annually, an io send, with rash speculation, the manuimmense quantity of Wool, chiefly from facture to every part of the world. The Anstria and Hungary, for the last two or official value of the woollen manufactures three years, the average value of which exported from Great Britain to all counwas estimated at about 4s. 9d. per Ib. tries, including Ireland and all the Britisha This Wool varies in quality from 4s. to Colonies and Settlements, (and a great 6s. 9d. per Ib. and the finest sorts are re- proportion went to Ireland), on an average gularly improving in quality and increasing of in years, from 1800 to 1810, `hoth in quantity. The Wool of Prince Esterhazy's inclusive, was £6,063,688.; in 1914, it was immense Rocks is supposed to be included only £5,628,601.; and in 1815, £7,480,406. in the collection made by that house. the greatest amount we have ever known,
The growth of fine Wool in this kingdom wbich arose solely from the circumstances is so greatly increased, that it may be that all the markets in the world were equal to the demand in the most flourishing suddenly opened to us. We must not state of the manufacture; in proof of which suppose the nation ruined, if the exportait may be observed, that even previous to tions of woollens in future should not exceed the late extraordinary importations, the the average exportation previously to the great quantities of Wood which were left late war, which may possibly be the case; on the hands of the grower, frequently nor must we be surprised if the exportation three, four, or five years clip, was probably of other manufactures should by no means equal in amount to the quantity of foreign equal that which took place during the Wool at that time imported; and it may late unusual warfare, especially while the be concluded that the United Kingdom Orders in Council were in force. does or at least, if not discouraged would The same may be the case respecting the furnish the full quantity required for these manufacture of iron, which has circummanufactures.
stances to recommend it beyond all others; The quality of our Wool is also greatly it is all labour, from the taking the ore out ameliorated; and it is evident that a suf of the earth to the finishing the spring of ficiency of Wool of the Spanish race might a watch, in which state it is infinitely more be raised in the United Kingdom, whereby valuable than any metal whatever. This we should become independent of foreign manufacture is so increased by the spirited countries for the materials of our staple exertious of our intelligent Iron-Masters, manufacture, and save annually, according (who, above all, merit protection and to the lowest calculation of late years, support), that I fear we have surpassed the wpwards of £9,000,000 sterling, which we demand for coarse articles. I fear also we
have surpasssed the demand for cotton made with a view to relieve the agriculmanufactures, which are much increased tural interest; and their willingness to in many parts of Europe. These circum- leave such questions to the decision of stances should induce us to look steadily members most respectable, and most comand zealously to what is called the home peteat, from their knowledge of country market, which, with proper management, firs. It is uoderstood, however, that a we may always command and preserve. difference of opinion, both as to the na
The sudden peace with all the world en ture of the relief to be afforded, and the couraged the wildest speculatio is in trade: manner of granting it, unhappily existed, large quantities of Woul, which lay in the and frustrated the wishes and intentions of hands of the Wool Growers, or the Wool all parties Staplers, were bought up; Woollens were We, perhaps, shall not receive very suddenly exported to an unusual amount active support from the growers of long the payments for which have fallen vers Wool; they have not so much reason short, and bence have arisen many bank for complaint. No long Wool, to any ruptcies, failures, and much distress. The extent, that deserves consideration, is, or American market was so glutted, that not will be imported into this country; very nearly the first prices could be obtained, little so good as our own could be obtained and large quantities remain in the ware from the Continent, therefore the value houses there unsold. This circumstauce is not decreased, as is the case with the is likely now to be felt severely; many of short and fine Wools, by an overwhelmour manufacturers are unemployed; the ing importation. Long Wool in 6 veurs, demand for the raw material is greatly les-ending 1786, varied from 31d. to 411 per sened, and the Wool Growers will soon b; it has since gradually risen, according find themselves in their former situation, to the demand for the manufacture, to 7 d. of having two, three, or more years growth in 1793 ; to 2541. in 1914; and 230 in upon their hands, consequently the growth 1815; considerably more than the price of of the article will be greatly discouragert, the finest short Wool
, the best of which but the mischief of great importations had about 7 years ago, sold at 37 il. per Ib. already taken deep root before those ex and on an average of the general market portations took place. It is ridiculous to of ten years, from 1800 to 1810, ai 261. suppose that Spain and other foreign coun per lb. and was reduced last year to 21d. tries, will not improve and promote their and 181. in many parts, according to the Woollen Manufactures, whenever they prices delivered to the Committee of the find themselves in a situation so to do. House of Commons. During the present There are already excellent manufactures year, the sale of Wool has been so much of Wool in several parts of Europe, and at a stand, that no price can be quoted. especially in Germany, the manufacture is The principles, on which to account for improving very much, and becoming much the low price of long Wool from 1780, to more extensive. The clamours of the ma the commencement of the late war, ia nufacturers, in favour of every thing that 1793, may not be immediately obvious; lowers the value of Wool, are most un it is to the great redundancy of that arreasonable, for when there was such rise ticle beyond the demand, that we are to of price as could alone compensate the impute the extreme low prices, and these grower of fine Wool, the manufacture led to Wool of that description being emitself was raised at least two-fold; but ployed to different uses than before, and now, that Wool is reduced much below to its being cut to answer the purposes of what it was, (at the time the price of the short Wool, which belped to enhance its manufacture was raised), in some instances value. Abont the period above-mentioned to one-third, in others nearly half the value the growth of the fine short Wools inof a few years ago, we do not find the price creased rapidly, and the fine woolled sheep of the manufacture has been reduced in of the South-Down, and of other districts, proportion, or has experienced any mate- superseded the long Wool in a great part rial abatement We do not find, that from of the kingdom, and are now to be seen an unrestricted importation of Foreign in almost every county; at the same time Wool, any advantage is derived to the vast numbers of the finest woolled sheep of country. We do not find any improve Spain were introduced into this country, ment in the manufactures, or proportionate and notwithstanding what may be said reincrease of them.
specting the carcase of that breed, it has We cannot too amply acknowledge the tity of our finest Wool, the advanced price
greatly improved, and increased the quarreadiness of his Majesty's Ministers, in ac of which has occasioned an unprecedented ceding to those propositions, which were degree of selection, care, and attention to
the breed, promoted by the spirited exertious of some of the first men in the kingdom. All these circumistances have
VAUXHALL BRIDGE. greatly increased and ameliorated short-woolled sheep, and thus the redun.
Among the modern improvements of dancy now is on their part, and so great London and its vicinity, this Bridye vers is it, that added to the immense importa- tainly claims a distinguished place, whether tious of fine Wools, a revulsiou will take regarded with a view to utility or to ornaplace. No fine Wool will be grown but ment. This Bridge consists of nine arches from the necessity of local situation, and of equal span, formed of cast iron, and the loug Wool will be the general and es. raised upon stone piers. The span of each clusive object of the grower, until the re
arch is about 80 feet, and the width of dundancy reverts to that side. I regret ex
each pier about 14, which is somewhat tremely these changes, and above all the
more than the width of the piers of the debasement of the long-established cha- famous Peronnet's Bridge at Neuilly, near racter of our short Wools, which ought to Paris, of which the span of each arch is be a very serious consideration with us.
no less than 130 feet. These piers are conThere would be no demand from abroad, structed of the best stone, in the most for our short fine Wools-such may be solid and durable manner. The elevation had cheaper in other countries. It is even
of the centre arch above high water mark now much more profitable to the farmer to is about 30 feet, and that of the other grow long wool rather than short; there arches is not materially less. The length would be a demand from foreign coun
of the Bridge is above 800 feet; its widtlı, tries for our long Wool, (for there is, as
exclusive of ample foot-ways, affords sufalready stated, comparatively little, such ficient room for four carriages to pass as ours grown in other countries) which, abreast. The sides are guarded by light of course, would prejudice our manufac- and elegant palisadoes, through which even tures of that article, by enabling foreigners the foot passenger has an uuinterrupted to vie with us in that branch in which we
view of the beautiful scenery which afind little competition at present. The bounds on the banks, and of the interest. long-woolled Reece, on an average, will ing objects which hourly present themweigh nearly ten pounds, whilst the finest selves on the bosom of the Thames. The South-Down will not weigh more than ascent to the Bridge is scarcely perceptible, two pounds and a quarter. The light fleece although originally elevated much above might continue to be raised on the South the level of the ground on each side of the Downs, and such soils, but not on rich river, while the slope of the Bridge itself or inclosed lands. It cannot be doubted is gentle. The approach to this Bridge on that the leavy or long woolled fleeces, the Surrey side is from the east of the would produce to the farmers more than Vauxhall turnpike, from which it is not double the profil of the short or fine wool- above 100 yards distant. The avenue on led Aceces. The neglect of cultivating the the Middlesex side is formed by a new road latter, would render us absolutely depen- of 60 feet wide, including foot-ways. This dant on foreign countries, to the great road is about a mile in length, iú a direct prejudice of our own manufactures, and line to Eaton-street, Pimlico, through ultimately, in a great degree, change our
which and Grosvenor-place a fine opening fine or short woolled, for long-woolled continues to Ilyde Park corner. Thus such coarse sheep. The British short fine Wool
a communication is formed with the west would at length become scarce, the price end of the town, that the access from that greatly raised on the manufacturer, and it quarter, and especially from Mary-le-bone would be a work of great difficulty and parish, to Surrey and Sussex, is shortened, time to restore that Wool which has been it is understood, no less than two miles, the basis of our famed manufactures for compared with the old road over Westmiu. ages.
ster Bridge; while, by passing Vauxhall
Bridge, the public streets, and what is geIt is understood, that Petitions re
nerally found so disagreeable,“ travelling
over the stones," may be entirely avoided. questing the laying a duty on all foreign The distance will be shortened in the sine fine wool imported, are in progress in some proportion from Carlton tlouse, St. James's, counties: the reader will see a disposition pletion of the road from the latter to the
and the Houses of Parliament, on the comin Spain, unfavourable to that request, at foot of Vauxhall Bridge, along the spacious this time.
embankment recently built in front of the
new Penitentiary. Vol. IV. No. 24. Lit. Pan. N. $. Sept. 1.
The deide shall ake, and the day shall be Poetry.
Quhan scho shall snyle in the gladsni ro
And sleipe and sleipe in the lychte of the THE SONG OF THE FAIRIES.
moone ! From Hogg's“ Mador of the Moor.” Vide p.781. Then shall our luias weke anewe,
With herpe and vele and ayril too, SING AYDEN! AYDER! LILLELU!
To AYDEN ! AYDEN! LILLELU! Bonuye bairne, we sing to you!
Hyde! hyde! Up the Qıhyte, and doune the Blak,
Quhateuir betyde, No ane leuer no ane lak,
Elfe and dowle that ergh to byde ! No ane shado at ouir bak;
The littil wee burdie mai cheipe in the wa, No ane stukyng, no ane schue,
The plevir mai sing, and the coke mai crav; No aue bendit blever blue,
For neuir ane sporit derke and doure No ane tr jssel in the dewe!
Dar raike the creukis ot' Lammer-mure; Bonnye bairn, we sing to you,
And even ilke gaiste of gysand hue AYDEN! AYDEN! LI.LELU! &c.
Shall melt in the breize our baby drew; Speile! speile!
But we ar left in the greme-wud glep, The moone rak speile!
Bekaus we luf the chylder of men, Warre the rowar, warre the steile,
Sweitlye to sing our flawmand new; Throu the rok and throu the reile,
Bonuye bairne, we sing to you, Rouude about lyke une spynning wheile;
AYDEN! AYDEN! LILLELU! Tbrou the libbert, throu the le,
Pace! pace! Rounde the virde and rourre the se,
Spyritis of grace! Bonuye bairne, we siug to thee,
Sweite is the smyle of our babyis face ! Rounde the blumis and bellis of dewe,
The kelpye dernis, in dreide and dule,
Deipe in the howe of his eirye pule;
Gil-Moules frehynde the hallen mene fle, Lyving or duide!
Throu the dor-threshil, and throu the dorske, Faster than the fyirie gleide,
And the mer-mayde mootes in the saifrone se. Biz throu Laplin's tyrling dryfte!
But we ar left in the greine-wud glen, Rounde the moone, and rouwde the lyfte,
Bekaus we luf the chylder of men, Aye wering, and aye we sing
Sweitlye to sing and nevir to rue, Our hue! hune!
Sweitlye to sing our last adue; Audiote-tune!
Boonye bairne, we sing to you, Nenir ! neuir! neuir dune!
AYDEN! AYDEN! LILLELU;
Sing! sing !
How shall we sing
Rounde the bairne of the spiritis Kyog!
Lillelu ! lillelu ! mount in a ryng!
Fayries away! away on the wyng!
We too maune flytt to ane land of blisse! Hiche on the brume yer garlandis hyog ! To ane land of holy silentnesse ! For the bairnis sleipe is sweite and sure, To ane land quhair the nycht-wind deuir And the niaydenis reste is blist and pure
blewe! Throu all the lynkis of Lammer-mure, But thy fayre spryng shall evir be newe! Sen our bonnye baby was sent fra heven. Quban the moone shall waik ne mayre to Scho comis ownycht withe the dewe of even, wane, Aud quhan the sone keikes out of the maine, And the clud and the rayubowe baithe are Scho swawis with the dewe to heven again.
gane, But the lychte shall dawne and the houlat In bowirs aboone the brik of the day
We'll sing to our baby for ever and ay