Antisemitic Elements in the Critique of Capitalism in German Culture, 1850-1933

Peter Lang, 2007 - 348 sidor
In the anti-capitalist discourse of pre-1933 Germany, the Jew became the quintessential symbol of egotistical and soulless laissez-faire capitalism. The antisemitic imagery in socio-political texts and in fictional literature was instrumentalized both to discredit the laissez-faire economy and to assist in defining an acceptable German socioeconomic ethos. Many writers regarded the Jews as the inventors of individualistic capitalism. A Manichaean schema was developed, differentiating between productive German capital and the good German and "Volk"-serving entrepreneur, on the one hand, and Jewish "grasping" financial capital and the Jewish bad and self-serving (and anti-German) entrepreneur on the other. The Jewish business ethic was regarded as a threat to the German collectivist economy. Ideological precursors of Nazism sought ways to eliminate the Jews from the German economy. Examines representation of the "Jewish capitalist" in German works of fiction and non-fiction - e.g. Gustav Freytag's "Soll und Haben"; Otto Glaubrecht's "Das Volk und seine Treiber"; Johann Baptist von Schweitzer's "Lucinde oder Capital und Arbeit"; Arwed Solano's "Überseer daheim"; Heinrich Mann's "Im Schlaraffenland"; Bernhard Kellermann's "Der Tunnel"; Artur Dinter's "Die Sünde wider das Blut"; Goebbels' "Michael"; and non-fictional works by Max Liebermann von Sonnenberg, Werner Sombart, Theodor Fritsch, and others.

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Chapter Two The Ascent of Liberalism Attainment of Jewish
Chapter Three The Gründerkrach Great Depression
Chapter Four The Decline of Political Antisemitism to
Chapter Five The Effects of World War I the Weimar Repub
Chapter Six Epilogue

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The Author: Matthew Lange received his doctorate in German literature from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 2006 and is currently an Assistant Professor of German at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater.

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