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1729. Will a reader of ‘N. & Q.' tell me who The old chapel described by Lysons, Faulkner, was the author of this pamphlet, and give me any and others was built by Bishop Terrick in 1764. other particulars concerning it?

This prelate, on his translation to the see of

CHARLES HIGHAM. London, commenced very extensive structural 169, Grove Lane, S.E.

alterations in the east wing of the palace. These THE BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER IN ROMAN

I have described at length in my chapters on OFFICES.-Has any edition of the Prayer Book Fulham Palace in my forthcoming history of the been published with marginal notes showing

The chapel was formed out of several exactly how much of it is identical with, or closely called the ante-chapel, the apartment measured


Inclusive of a screened portion related to parts of, the services still read in Latin in churches owning the Papal supremacy? Such fifty-three feet in length. Its breadth was sixteen a book would be useful in promoting a tendency feet, and its height twelve feet. to reunion between Anglicans and Papists. It

I possess in my collections the original archishould be arranged in four columns, translating the tect's plan of the " Additional Buildings proposed English into Latin and the Latin into English, to be erected for the Bishop of London at his for the benefit of the ignorant in both camps.

Palace at Fullham," a copy of which was delivered

PALAMEDES. to the Bishop on 6 July, 1764. This important AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.

plan shows precisely the arrangement and dimen

sions of the various rooms, &c., to the east of the The ave has eloquence, its lectures teach In sermons louder than divines can preach.

great hall. The site of this chapel is practically I have a note that these lines are from Moore, but Library. The plan of 1764 shows it as lying

identical with what is now known as the Porteus cannot find them. A kindly man unto his beast is kind;

on the north side of the lesser courtyard, from But brutal actions show a brutal mind.

which it was separated by a passage. In this Who gave thee speech and reason made him mute. passage there were two doors which opened into

Swan. the chapel, one near its western end and the He was born a man, he died a grocer.

other near where the fireplace of the Porteus We are born originals, we die copies.

Library is now situated. The plan shows three M. L. H.

dwarf towers, one at either end of the east front,

and the third at the west end of the chapel. Beplies,

These Col. PRIDEAUX will see in Faulkner's

illustration of the palace prefixed to his title-page. THE CHAPEL OF FULHAM PALACE.

In the western tower the 1764 plan shows a stair(886 S. ix. 321.)

A MS. note on the plan explains that it is I am happy to be able to afford my friend the "Tower with Small Stairs in Ditto for SerCol. PRIDEAUX & little information concerning vants to ascend to Chapel,” from which it seems this chapel. It is, as I say, but a little, for my highly probable that the ante-chapel, to which I prolonged search after materials for my forthcoming have already referred, contained a gallery for the history of Fulham has proved all too plainly how use of the palace domestics. The tower at the scanty are the records touching the manor house of eastern end of the chapel (i, e., the northern the Bishops of London.

on the eastern front) is described There is no doubt that from a very early period the plan as a "Small Tower under closet for the Bishops of London had a private chapel at Chaplan.”. A door from each of these two towers Fulham Palace, but it is, unfortunately, impossible led into the chapel. I may add that the plan to say in what part of the buildings it was shows the five windows on the north side of the situated. It is by no means improbable that it chapel as seen in Faulkner's drawing, doubtless was in the older quadrangle re-erected by Bishop identical with the windows still existing. This Fitzjames (1506-1522). That is the utmost that chapel was completed by Bishop Terrick in 1765. can be said.

The original authority for the statement with The earliest reference which I possess to the regard to the transfer of the wainscotting and the chapel at Fulham Palace is (barring Foxe's painted glass from London House to Fulham • Martyrs ') in 1692. In the Fulham Church appears to be Lysons, & most careful writer, as I registers are included a few entries of marriages am sure Col. PRIDEAUX will readily admit. which were solemnized in the Bishop's private Over the Gothic tower in the Fitzjames Court is chapel. The first of these reads : “1692. Thomas a stone bearing the arms of Bishop Juxon, which Gibbons and Elizabeth Horwood were married by divide the date 1636 into two portions. As the Bishop of London [Dr. Compton] in his one recently as 1884 this stone and another (bearing [own] Chapple the Eleventh of October.” The the arms of Bishop Sherlock) lay loose in the registers contain other similar entries, but nothing courtyard. Wby the former should have been to indicate the position of the chapel.

misleadingly fixed in its present position I do not


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know, but its very existence shows that Juxon of consulting many of his'scientific colleagues, and must have carried out some work either at Fulbam he received a grant of 500l. from the Government. or at London House. It seems most likely that the weight of the largest ball used in the experithese arms, with the other memorials of London ment was 380} lb. avoirdupois ; and a number of House, were brought to Fulham, to be there small balls were also used. Two torsion rods eventually incorporated. The slight difficulty with were also employed. The actual observations regard to date I cannot explain. I do not, how- printed in the Memoirs of the Astronomical over, claim to have any special knowledge of th Society are 2,153 in number, varying from ten to history of London House. This particular point thirty minutes each, so that the author estimated probably Dr. Sparrow Simpson can solve. that considerably more than 600 hours were spent

With regard to the stained glass there is no in merely watching the oscillations of the torsion difficulty. Lysons carefully states that the “greater rod; to which must be added nearly as many part” of it was removed from London House. more in the series of experiments, the results of Bishop Porteus himself tells us that in his time which had to be abandoned on account of the the windows of the chapel contained the arms of anomalies of the pendolum. The mean result Aylmer, Fitzjames, Laud, Compton, Robinson, gave a density of 5.6604, on which result Sis Gibson, Sherlock, Terrick, and 'Lowth, together John Herschel remarked that with the representation of the Lord's Supper, the "the probable error of the whole shows that the mean arms of Henry VIII. impaled with those of specific gravity of this our planet is, in all human proCatherine Howard, the arms of Edward VI. when bability, quite as well determined as that of an ordinary Prince of Wales, the arms of the two metropolitan lous result, which should teach us to despair of nothing

band-specimen in a mineralogical cabinet,

,-a marvel. sees, &c.

Doubtless the later bishops added which lies within the compass of number, weight, and their arms by way of maintaining the historical measure. sequence. These did not, of course, come from London House.

The Astronomical Society, in 1843, recognized The chapel of which I have been speaking was gold medal. It should be added that in 1836

Mr. Baily's labours by conferring on him their turned into a library by Bishop Howley when Herr Reicb, of Freiberg, repeated the Cavendish that prelate rebuilt the east front of the palace. experiment, and arrived at the result 5:44 as the Instead of building another chapel Bishop Howley made the great ball serve that purpose. Finally,

mean of fifty-seven experiments. Bishop Tait , in 1866, built the present chapel, during the existence of that body, and collected &

I was on the Council of the Cavendish Society when the hall reverted to its original purpose.

All these points will, of course, be fully set forth few materials for the life of Cavendish which was in my 'History of Fulham,' an exhaustive work being prepared by Dr. George Wilson, of Edin

I visited whicb, on and off, has occupied my spare bours burgh, and was published in 1851. for some five or six years. It is now, I am glad

Cavendish's house on Clapham Common, and the to add, fast approaching completion.

occupier expressed great horror at the base uses to CHAS. Jas. FÈRET.

which some of the rooms bad been applied. “You

would hardly believe it," the lady of the house WEIGHING THE EARTH (86 S. ix. 224, 314, 393). said, “but my drawing-room was his laboratory ! With respect to the interesting notes under the I procured some interesting particulars from some above references, I may add that in Charles Knights of the elder Fellows of the Royal Society who ' Companion to the Almanack' for 1838 were personally acquainted with Cavendish. No elaborate account, probably by Prof. De Morgan, portrait of him was known to have been taken ; is given of this celebrated experiment, and it is indeed it was commonly reported that he refused introduced in the following terms :

to sit to any one; but I was informed that Mr. “Our object in choosing this particular time to give a

Alexander, of the British Museum, had made a somewhat detailed account of the celebrated experiment water-colour sketch of him during his visits to of Cavendish is the circumstance of the Council of the that institution. I found this sketch in the Print Royal Astronomical Society having announced an inten- Room, and had a facsimile made of it, which Mr. tion of repeating it immediately, and thus of verifying Weale, the publisher, had engraved, and it now or overturning one of the most remarkable pbysical forms the frontispiece to Prof. Wilson's interesting investigations which ever was undertaken," Cavendish's memoir appeared in the Phil. facsimile of Cavendish's signature, which was

volume. I procured from the Royal Society a Trans. for 1798.

added to the portrait.

O. TOMLINSON. We learn from Weld's 'History of the Royal

Higbgate, N. Society,' vol. ii. p. 224, that the experiments repeated by Baily from 1838 to 1842 were made with It may be mentioned that the "House in TaviCavendish's apparatus, borrowed from the Royal stock place in which Mr. Baily weighed the Iostitution, to which it belonged. Some altera. Earth" and the "Room in which Mr. Baily weighed tions were made in it; Baily had the advantage the Earth" form the frontispiece to the first series

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of Things not Generally Known,' by John Timbs, In this stanza and the preceding he is copying F.S.A. An extract from the Edinburgh Reviero Ovid's 'Metamorphoses.' Yet he has not remarked (No. 208) on the subject is given at p. 16 of the the line which gives the right quantity :same work.

Ā. C. W.

Arsit et Euphrates Babylonius, arsit Orontes.

Metamorphoses,' b. ii. 1. 248. BANISHMENT OF THE EARL AND COUNTESS OF SOMERSET (8th S. viii. 467; ix. 19, 151, 351).— which is a paraphrase of the Calex, has dis

I may add that Spenser, in his 'Virgil's Gnat, I am sorry my notes on the Countess were many regarded Virgil, 'if Virgil was the writer of that. years ago lent, with the too frequent result of poem, as much as he has disregarded Ovid. Io loans. I think that when released from the Tower, the Culex' the quantity of Hyperion is right:and committed to the care of her brother-in-law at

Tendit jam evectus radios Hyperionis ardor, Greys Court, she was sent to Caversham, after a

E. YARDLEY. short stay at Greys. Her brother-in-law, Lord Knollys at the time of the trial, became Viscount CAELSEA ENAMEL (8th S. ix. 408).—Chaffers Wallingford 7 Nov., 1616, and Earl of Banbury says that the manufacture of enamel was established 18 Aug., 1626. He had not charge of the lady at York House, Battersea, about 1750, by Stephen for very long, I think, and she rejoined her hus- Theodore Janssen, Esq. He was the third son of band, with whom she lived “for several years Sir Theodore Janssen, Bart., an eminent merchant previous to her death," "inflamed by bitter hatred of London, by his wife Williamsa, daughter of Şir against each other; and, though they resided in Robert Henley, of the Grange, Hants. Sir Theothe same house, they never held any discourse or dore was descended from an old family of Gaelderintercourse with each other." The writer of these land. His great-grandfather was Baron de Herz, words gives disgusting particulars of her last illness; sometime Governor of Brussels, who was beheaded but as he (Wilson) was much attached to the by the Duke of Parma and his estates confiscated. Countess's first husband, the Earl of Essex, his Stephen Theodore was a stationer in St. Paul's testimony has to be received with caution. The Churchyard, and became Lord Mayor of London in extract I have given is quoted from Mr. Amos's 1754. In 1766 he succeeded to his brother's title, awkward volume, 'The Great Oger of Poisoning,' and died in 1777, having married Catharine, published in 1846. The Countess died in 1632. daughter of Col. Soulegre, of Antigua. The manuHer husband survived her thirteen years, says factory was continued till about 1775. Lingard. There is a touching incident related of

CONSTANCE RUSSELL. Anne, Countess of Bedford, the only child of the Swallow field Park, Reading. guilty pair. Though she was twelve at her mother's

This should be Battersea enamel, not Chelsea. death, she had nover heard of her mother's crime an account of the maker, Stephen Theodore until, long after, she met with a pamphlet, in Janssen, is to be found in Chaffers's 'Marks and cautiously left in a window-seat, and learnt the Monograms on Pottery and Porcelain.' sad tale. “She fell into a fit, and was found

ANDREW OLIVER. senseless with the book open before her” (Lodge's • Portraits,' vol. ix.). The residence of the Earl

CHANGES OF NAMES OF STREETS (8th S. ix. 2459 and Countess of Somerset seems to have been at 332, 375).-I am glad that your valued correChiswick, for there the widower was living in spondent F., G. S. has lent the weight of his 1637, when he sold it to make up a marriage authority to the movement for preserving, so far portion for Anne.

as possible, the historic names of our London Aston Clinton.

thoroughfares. The tempt to abolish Gerrard

Street, Sobo, to which F. G. S. refers, and to which THE WORD "HYPERION” (8th S. viii. 249 ; ix. I alluded in a former note on the subject (8th S. 193).—MR. BIRKBECK TERRY asks "Whence did viii. 336), was probably effective in awakening the Shakspeare obtain his wrong pronunciation "! local authorities to a sense of their duties in this The same wrong pronunciation is in 'Virgil's regard. I was pleased to read in a paper the other Gnat,' by Spenser :

day that certain members of the St. Giles's Board Hyperion throwing forth bio beams full hot. of Works had shown “considerable indignation at

Stanza 20. an attempt on the part of the County Council or Shakspeare erts with Spenser in another false some other interfering authority to rob them of quantity which he makes :

part of their history." It seems the proposal was Extended Asia from Euphrătes.

to merge Montague Street into Woburn Square, * Antony and Cleopatra,' I. ii. and to give Montague Place a different Dame It is strange that Spenser, who was more or less altogether. As these thoroughfares commemorated of a scholar, should give the wrong quantity of the former existence of Montague House, the town this word :

residence of the Duke of that name, which disapGreat Gadges and immortal Eupbrates.

peared long ago to give place to the British • Faerie Queen,' b. iv. c. 11, s. 21. Museum, it is gratifying to read that the majority

T. W.

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of the members " denounced the suggestion as little end. This was consistent. But consistency should short of vandalism and desecration," and that it was not be purchased at the cost of an insult to our negatived almost unanimously.

national flag such as would be justly resented if I agree with your correspondent E. L. G. in bis offered with like publicity to the flag of any other remarks about Battle Bridge, an ancient locality, nation.

KILLIGREW. of which the memory is almost lost; but doubt if P.S.-To-day, I see, the union flag is flying the St. Pancras Vestry, was responsible for its correctly, so that the reversal was probably due to transformation into King's Cross.* One would, I accident. What position it will assume to-morrow, fear, have to look bigber for the actual culprits. to-morrow will show. But this reversal, whatever Railway necessities have made any change im- may be its cause, is so common in similar situations, possible now.

W. F. PRIDEAUX. and so disastrous in its effect, that I cannot think ELIZABETAAN HOUSES FACING NORTH (8th S. ix. my plea superfluous. 249, 372). -Most architects still make their front doors face north, for the good and sufficient reason, his answer to this question, use the term “union

Why does A. (professing to be an authority), in which doubtless governed the Elizabethans, that jack" when he refers to the "union Alag," prothe private living rooms can then face south. The perly so given in the query? The union jack is favourite aspect is south-east, our ancestors having a diminutive of the union. It is exclusively a been earlier risers than we are ; but the quadrangle ship flag, and although of the same pattern as the and front door would be on the reverse side. RALPH NEVILL, F.S.A.

union, it ought never to be called the union jack,

except when it is flown on the jackstaff-& staff on REPEATING RIFLES (7th S. viii. 365, 418; gth the bowsprit or fore part of the ship. Some years S. iv. 446; ix. 305, 371).-In the archives of the ago a small book was published of the flags of all French War Office is á document, dated at St. nations, and the white parts of the union tag Germain-en-Laye, 9 February, 1650, by which were all represented the same thickness, a misLouis XIII. granted letters patent to William take I saw on a rowing boat at the seaside only Celthoff, armourer,of Solingen, a naturalized French- last month, where the flag was engraved on brass man, in respect of the invention of “Mousquetz, in colours. It is, in fact, quite a common mistake. arquebuses et pistoletz qui tirent jusqu'à huit et

RALPH THOMAS. dix coups d'une seule charge, sans qu'ils soient plus pesants, ni plus longs, ou moins commodes SHALL is, I need hardly say,

quite right

. Didrachm

JOHN DORY (8th S. ix. 386, 457).—MR. MARque ceux dont on a accoustumé de se servir" (L'Intermédiaire, xxxiii. 529).

Q. V.

in my query is an obvious slip of the pen for stater,

the explanation of which will be apparent to any OLD CLOCK (8th $. ix. 268, 434). — Probably one who looks at the Greek or the Revised English through my own carelessness, in omitting a comma, Version, and need

not detain us here. But I hope the difficulty arose. The maker's name was simply that some one will answer my actual query as to John Whitfield, of Clifton. Will it be asking too the alleged application of janitore for the name of much of MR. LEVESON-GOWER to refer to his the dory fish at Venice or in the Adriatic. Is this authority again?


name actually known there? Alnwick.

J. A. H. MURRAY. FLAGS (8th S. ix. 328, 394).-If the national

PICKERING AND WAITTINGHAM PRESS (8th S. flag generally known as the union jack is, as ix. 366, 414).—The following extracts from the opined by A., at the disposal not only of every Quarterly Circular of Messrs. Caslon for Jaly, muncipal corporation, but every owner of a private 1875, now out of print, show the source whence Mr. residence who has nothing else to fly, I would Talbot Reed drew his information, and supply all repeat a plea, the repetition of which is sorely that needs to be known on this subject :needed, for the proper use of that flag, whether it "In the year 1843, Mr. Whittingham, of the Chiswick public-house. A few days since I passed a new type van Hork of fiction, the period and diction of whiske is flown on municipal building, private residence, or Press, waited upon the

late Mr. Caslon to ask his aid in

carrying out the then new idea of printing in appropriate and magnificent building of the last class, wbich I was supposed to be that of the reign of Charles II, The had heard ridiculed for inverting its title in the original old-faced matrices of the first Caslon having fashion of “Inn Red Lion" or " Tavern Cock." I been fortunately preserved though without the slight: found it iging two flags : one bore the title of the est expectation of their ever again being used Mr. house, reversed word for word in the manner ridi- upon a special advanced

price for the fount, the more on Caslon consented,

after much persuasion, and agreeing culed"; the other the union flag, reversed end for auction of which it was anticipated would result in muca * An account of the manner in which the change Great Primer. It was found, however, on getting a

trouble and no profit, to supply a small

fount of Old-Face from Battle Bridge to King's Cross was actually effected pract with good ink, on good paper, from a moderna wil be found in & Quad Core 1.609

, over the initiale press

, that the impression was far "Juperior to the police T, C. N. (the late Mr. T. c. Noble).

mens printed at the time the fount was in general use.



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The volume, entitled “The Diary of Lady Willoughby,' naturally, look upon both “ Hill and Hollow" as and published by Longmans & Co., was successfully the Dean." Its namo

" Dean" has nothing completed, and commanded a good sale. So well was whatever to do with “Dune," and I would specially the old style of diction and spelling preserved that very beg your insertion of this, as PROF. SKEAT's exmany believed it to be a reprint of an old MS.

" Mr. Whittingham was so satisfied with the result of planation (' N. & Q.,', 6ch S. vii. 379), given on a his experiment that he determined on printing other mis-statement, lends the weight of his authority to volumes in the same style, and eventually he was sup; clench an error.

STEPHEN DARBY. plied by Mr. Caslon with the complete series of original old-face founts, at an advance of twopence per pound on the modern founts. Mr. Whittingbam must bave felt

St. Fata's MARKET (8th S. ix. 346).—The sure that his example would be followed by other printers, writer of the statistical account of Kirkcudbright and that a demand for these old founts would thus be no doubt meant the fair beld at St. Faith's, a village created; for he exacted & promise that in all cases an near Norwich, on 17 Oct., being St. Faith's Day, advanced charge of twopence per. pound for these founts Old Style. This was one of the largest fairs for should be made“ promise

which was faithfully kept Galloway cattle, and is thus spoken of by Marshall, until there appeared in the market a modern imitation of the old-face character called Old Style. The antici. in his • Rural Economy of Norfolk,' ii. 49:pations of the printer were fully realized; for, after the “ The first day of this fair also draws together a good production of the work above alluded to, there followed show of cattle, principally 'home bred, either for à demand for the old-face founts which has steadily store or for fatting on turnips, and for which purposes & increased up to the present time, and we can discern no show of Scotch bullocks is also exhibited upon a rising indications of its declension. On the contrary, notwith ground at a small distance from the fair field. The salo standing the repeatedly expressed opinion of both of Scotch cattle continues for a fortnight or longer time, printers and type-founders that the taste would prove until this quarter of the country be supplied with that transient and ephemeral, we believe that it is gaining species of stock.” ground. The former have been compelled to add old

GEO. WILL. CAMPBELL. style founts to their plant, and tbe latter to engrave new 6, Clarendon Square, Leamington. punches to enable them to meet the demand.'

H. T. This was held possibly at different places. Thus, CHARLES HICKMAN, BISHOP OF LONDONDERRY

in the beginning of August we have a market (8th S. ix. 447).—Dr. Cotton, in his 'Fasti Ecclesiæ here in Fife, in different towns (e. g., Cupar, St. Hibernicæ,' supplies, in a single sentence, an

Andrews), called St. James's Fair, coming after answer to Mr. FÈRET's question. In his third the feast of St. James, 25 July. So in Forfarshire volume, which deals with the province of Ulster, there is a St. Thomas's Market or Fair, called 80 at p. 321, he gives a brief notice of Bishop Hick from St. Thomas à Beckett, in whose honour man, with a list of ten works of his (all sermons) Arbroath Abbey was dedicated ; it is held in

GEORGE ANGUS. printed between 1680 and 1713, and states that Dundee and other places. To he died at Fulham, near London, on Nov. 22,

St. Andrews, N.B. 1713, aged sixty-five, and was buried in West

JEANNE D'ARC IN ENGLISH LITERATURE (860 S. minster Abbey, in that part which is called the ix. 307, 392).- A slight slip of MR. FOSTER PALMER Chapel of St. Blaise." W. SPARROW SIMPSON.

may be corrected. He says that Shakspeare writes I wonder the extract from Dart did not suggest concerning Joan of Arc in the second part of to MR. FÈRET to consult Col. Chester's Abbey Henry VI.' He meant to say the first part. Registers. It was my instant thought, and there Shakspeare may have had a band in the first part accordingly I found the bishop. Not a 'word more of 'Henry VI., but some of it is too wretched to is needful ; however, I may also suggest Cotton's have been written by him or by any respectable *Fasti Ecclesiæ Hibernicæ. Do not we sometimes / writer. There must have eer more than one rush prematurely to N. & Q.'?

hand in the production of it. The person who C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. wrote the worst part was incapable of writing the Longford, Coventry.

rest. Shakspeare's hand does not seem to be

visible before the second act; and I am inclined COOKHAM Dean (6th S. vii. 129, 379). —Reply- to think that there were three writers—Shakspeare, ing to DURDONS, Cookham Dean is a hamlet another, with some culture though no genias, and a situated in a hollow through which runs the road third, as contemptible a writer as over put pen to from Cookham to Bisham. This road is on the same level as the western end of Cookham village. I did not write any part of the play. The fourth

paper. But I may be wrong. Shakspeare perhaps The portion of ground alluded to by DORDOns is scene of the fifth act, representing the condemnation Cookham Dean Hill. Only a few years since a of Joan, could not have been written by Shakspeare person at Cookham would invariably say, “Go through the Dean,” or “Go up the Hill.”. When, of the scene is most revolting.

The inhumanity nor by any respectable writer.

E. YARDLEY. in the year 1846, a church was built on the hill to serve Cookham Dean and the surrounding district, It is generally allowed-even, I suppose, by fin de this was called Cookham Dean Church ; and as the sièclecritics—that,comparing Southey with Voltaire, post office also is on “ the Hill,” strangers, not un. Joan of Arc has fared better in English literature

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