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than in French. Two books may be mentioned - several years, he will speedily become familiar with Mrs. Bray's 'Joan of Arc,' long an admired and the word “mountant." But let him not suppose standard work, and De Quincey's wonderfully that photographers use gum or glue, as he sug. word-painted article on 'Joan of Arc' ('Works,' gests. If they were so daring, their prints would vo). iii.). English translations of Schiller might soon grow hideous. Photo-mountants are usually be added to the list.
of paste or gelatine. I generally use Glenfield EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. starcb. MR. THOMAS may be interested to know Hastings.
that the term "photo-mounter" is quite as common One ought not to forget De Quincey's wonderful
"photo-mountant." CHAS. Jas. FÈRET, essay, with its bigh-pitched appeal ('Works, 1863, vol. iii.).
W. C. B.
GEORGE BORROW (8th S. ix. 407). — Thomas
Borrow married in St. Luke's Church, Chelsea, “ORTHODOXY IS MY Doxy" (8th S. ix. 406) — 24 Aug., 1836, Harriet (born 11 Feb., 1800 ; died The reference needed by DR. MURRAY to Bishop 8 May, 1890), eldest daughter of John Stephen, Warburton's "doxy" saying is Priestley, ‘Memoirs,' of Chelsea, and by her had two children : (1) Harvol. i. p. 372.
T. R. PRICE. riet, who died unmarried and is buried with her
father in St. Luke's Church, Chelsea. (2) Alex. THE WYCH ELM (8th S. is. 288, 358).- Fre- ander Thomas, born 15 March, 1835, died unquently looking at a number of wych elms on a married at Clapbam in 1887, is buried with his neighbour's estate, I have often thought that the mother in Brompton Cemetery. Thomas Borrow crossing of the forked branches as they slope up.is, I believe, a cousin of George Borrow. William ward--Buggesting, when seen from a little distance, Henry Borrow, Esq., of 7, St. Helier's Terrace, an early stage of basket-making-must have bad Hastings (being a nephew of the former), would something to do with the application of the term doubtless be able to give definite information. I wych to the tree. Such fancies cannot, of course, might add that Louisa, sister of Harriet Borrow, be offered as worthy to supersede the explanations née Stephen, was the wife of the late well-known of an authority like Prof. Skeat, who, I observe, author, Rev. Dr. Macduff. CHAS. A. BERNAU. in his Etymological Dictionary' (1882), quotes Clare House, Lee, Kent. from Our Woodlands,' by W. S. Coleman, the words: “Some varieties of wych-elm have the
Perhaps I may be permitted to say than an branches quite pendulous, like the weeping willow." article by me in the National Review of January It may be that the appearance of wicker-work in last contains more definite information about sbadows cast by these trees is referred to by Tenny- Borrow and his family, than can be found elseson in the lines :
where. The notice of him in the Dictionary of
National Biography' is singularly meagre and
F. JARRATT. Borrow, and bad but one brother, who died in In the Forest Trees of Britain,' by Rev. C. A. Mexico, and had dabbled in painting. He had
The maiden name of Borrow's wife was Johns, F.L.S. (S.P.O.K.), 1849, the following Mary Skepper ; she was the daughter of a fairly remark occurs in the chapter on the wych elm: well-to-do landowner in a small way, at Dalton, “ In some of the midland counties the name seems to have originated the notion that it is a pre- indicated, a young officer in the navy. By him
near Lowestoft, and first married, as already servative against witchcraft” (vol. ii. p. 122). The she had one child, a daughter, who married a Mr. author says that the meaning of the word wych is MacOubrey, sometimes called a doctor, but deunknown, hence my note of inquiry addressed to scribed on his tombstone as a barrister. Borrow * N. & Q. I cannot, however, understand how refers to his stepdaughter Henrietta, and her the term " misleading" can be applied to my note, fondness for botany, in Wild Wales. Mrs. as used by one of your correspondents.
MacOubrey is still living, and resides in much
seclusion at Southtown, Great Yarmouth. Highgate.
Capt. Thomas Borrow was a native of St. “MOUNTANT" (8th S. ix. 186).—This word, in Cleer, in Cornwall, and there are distant relatives the sense of an adhesive for mounting photographs, still living in that vicinity. Capt. Borrow married has not yet generally found a place in our diction- & Miss Parfrement, the daughter of a farmer in a aries; but in this fact there is nothing remarkable. very humble position at Dumpling Green, near New terms are constantly being devised to meet East Derebam. There are several members of the the requirements of advancing arts and sciences. Parfrement family now living in Norfolk. If Mr. R. THOMAS, who is evidently not a photo- Borrow was always very reticent about his grapher, will consult any elementary treatise on family, and his account of them in 'Lavengro' is this beautiful art, which I have practised for largely flavoured with romance.
A comprehensive life of Borrow, which will sense, as there is an intentional misunderstanding. throw much new light upon his character and his Ben Jonson, however, uses it earlier, and often. works, has long been in preparation by Prof. See Fox,' I. i., (III. vi. ; 'Epicene,' V. i. ; 'CatiKnapp, of Chicago, as has been repeatedly line,' III. iii. ; ' Magnetic Lady,'II., chorus ; 'New announced. JAMES HOOPER, Inn,' III., Argt.
H. O. HART. Norwich,
JAMES THOMSON (8th S. ix. 306). - Is not the SAEEP-STEALER HANGED BY A SHEEP (8 S. author of "The City of Dreadful Night' usually viii. 106, 170, 236, 334).-In Upper Coquetdale, differentiated from the other James Thomson by about half a mile beyond Windybaugh, in the heart the letters (B. V.)? Both poets frolicked on the of Cheviot, the Coquet rushes through a narrow lower slopes of Parnassus, and I question if the cleft, fourteen feet wide, known as “the Wedder- gentler muse of the poet of the Seasons' will not Loup.". The tradition is that a border thief, when outlive the sterner verse of the later poet. Only pursued, cleared the cleft with a wether on his recently in a literary paper the (B. V.) Thomson back. Unfortunately for the man, his heels flow was labelled as a neglected genius." up on landing and he was dragged backwards into
W. A. HENDERSON. the roaring
stream, to be both strangled and Dublin,
RHYME RELATING TO LUTHER (8tb S. ix. 344). neck.
-Though I am unable to account for the origin of
the Latin couplet quoted at this reference, the fol.
lowing may interest your correspondent : In the Annual Register' for 1795 it is recorded
Erasmus Lutherizavit that on 20 Dec. in that year a man was found
Et Luther Erasmizavit. strangled in a field near Camberwell
, Surrey, with The lines, I think, are given by F. Schouppe, S.J., a sheep fastened to bim, the body of the man in his Theologia Dogmatica,' as illustrative of the one side of a gate the sheep the other side, the mutual leanings of the two great churchmen. hind legs of the sheep fastened together round the
J. B. S. man's throat. BELLINGHAM SOMERVILLE.
DAUNTESEY MANOR, WILTS (8th S. ix. 368).WEDDING CEREMONY (8th S. ix. 406).-Putting A brief account of this manor will be found in the stole round the joined bands is, so far as I Aubrey and Jackson's 'Wiltshire Collections.' know, a modern invention, not a revival.
WILTONIA. J. T. F.
'Pole's MS. OF CHARTERS’ (8th S. ix. 407). Winterton, Doncaster.
-The following appears in the Western Antiquary VISITING CARDS (gib S. vi. 67, 116, 196, 272,
for April, 1888: 332 ; viii. 158 ; ix. 172).—The following passage “Much information with regard to this family (the is an earlier reference to what appears to be a Pole family] may be obtained from Mr. Rogers's Memo“ visiting card” than that supplied by MR. TERRY, the original MSS. of the antiquary are now deposited in
rials of the West. Mr. Rogers states that he believes of 1757:
the British Museum, but I (Edwin Sloper, Taunton] “ Gloster. Wbat are these, trow?
understood that these MSS. by the pon of The Historian “ Young Strowd. Two, sir, that come not without their of Devon 'were in the library at Shute House in 1877. carde, I hope."-Day, 'Blind Beggar,' 1600.
Colby says: 'In Queen's College Library, Oxford, there
is a valuable M8. from the collection of Sir W. Pole, Whatever sense the above passage has, it is diffi- probably compiled by Ralph Brooke, York Herald (1608), cult to eliminate the idea of an allusion, at any containing extracts from ancient deeds in proof of rate, to something of the nature of a visiting card. Devonshire pedigrees.' I would quote more fully, but I have only a note
EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. book before me. It may be of interest to recall 71, Brocknock Road, the fact that in those early days a formal visit was called a “ visitation." In Beaumont and Fletcher,
ALDERMEN OF ALDERSGATE (8th S. vii. 67, 214, The Captain,' III. iii. :
257).-The inscription on a monumental tablet in I hate these visitations,
the church of St. Nicholas Cole Abbey, London, As I hate peace or perry.
records that George Nelson, Esq. (of the Grocers' And in 'Capid's Whirligig,' 1616 :
Company), late Lord Mayor of London, died “ Young Lord. Or else I were unworthie of your love: dinium Redivivium,' vol. iv. 1807, p. 547). Your
23 Nov., 1766, aged fifty-seven (Malcolm, Lonif I neglect the visitation of suche kinde friends as your selfe and my deare mistris.
correspondent may be referred to the “Fac-simile of “ Kni. Visitation! My wife 's not sicke : what visita a Heraldic MS. entitled : The names and Armes tion ?"
of them that hath beene Alldermon of the warde Here the word seems to have newly acquired the l of Alldersgate since the tyme of King Henry 6,
beginninge at the 30 yeere of his Reigne  Jonson's ' Alchemist.' The latter uses the word vntil this present yeeare of our Lord 1616. By (sometimes flickermouse) in three other passages : John Withie. Reproduced from his MS. in the 'Sad Shepherd,' II. ii. and III. ii. ; also in his Harleian Collection (No. 909), and briefly anno- ' New Ind,' III. i. Halliwell refers this word to tated by Francis Compton Price. 16° Lond. 1878.” Alindermouse, and quotes “MS. Harl. 486, fol. 77,"
DANIEL HIPWELL. a reference probably a century at least older than FLITTERMOUSE
BAT (8th S. ix. 348).—MR. any of the above. Bat flitter (Autter or flit) and JONATHAN BOUCHIER asks for an instance of the ficker are all very well. Flinder is a little too
much to put
on a bat's back.” use of this word in poetry, and you have supplied
H. CHICHESTER HART. one from 'The Alchemist.' May I be permitted
Carrablagh, Portsalon. to quote from another of Ben Jonson's works? In The Sad Shepherd,' Act II. sc. ii., I have found This is still the popular name in Kent and the word thus used:
Sassex; also in the forms findermouse, flinterGreen-bellied snakes, blue fire-drakes in the sky, mouse, and in the plural finter-mees, as recorded And giddy flitter-mice with leather wings.
in the 'Dialect Dictionary of those two counties. Middleton, too, has the word in 'The Witch,'
ARTHUR HUSSEY. Act I. sc. ii. :
Wingbam, Kent. Pentaphyllon, the blood of a flitter mouse,
A SHAKSPEARIAN DESIDERATUM (8th S. ix. Solanum somnificum et oleum.
268).—I do not quite agree with the Rev. R. M. A much earlier French dictionary than M. Gasc's, SPENCE that Messrs. Chatto & Windus have conCotgrave's, has : " Chauvesouris, m. A Batt, ferred so unspeakable a boon on Shakespearian Flittermouse, Reremouse." Rattlemouse is used scholars. Their reprint is a "reduced facsimile by in the Isle of Wight. Mr. W. H. Long's ‘Isle a photographic process"; it is a difficult book of Wight Dialect, 1886, has : “There's a gurt to read, the print being small, and often blurred rattlemouse vleein about in steyabel yon. Git the and indistinct. Recently I purchased a copy of rudder (sieve), and let's ketch'n.”
the facsimile reprint of the first folio, by E. & J. It is interesting to know that Shake. Wright, for Vernon & Hood, 1808 ; a very hand, speare's rere-mouse still survives in Gloucester some volume, despite the prodigious list of trivial shire ; see a 'Glossary of Dialect and Archaic errata pointed out by the plodding Upcott after Words used in the County of Gloucester (E.D.S.), four months and twenty-three days' patient col. 1890. This word, I may also remark, is found in lating. Perhaps some of your readers could tell Ben Jonson's New Inn, Act III. sc. i. : "Once me whether this edition is scarce, as I do not a bat, and over a bat, a reremouse and bird of remember having seen another copy. Many of twilight.” Flittermouse is used in Gloucestershire the quartos have been admirably reprinted by the and Kent. F. O. BIRKBECK TERRY,
Now Shakspere Society ; but, of course, their Under this name, as also "flickermouse,” Nares, publications would not be easily procurable. in his ‘Glossary, gives the following instances of S. Timmins published, in 1859, facsimile reprints its use:
of the two quartos of 'Hamlet' on opposite pages, Once a bat, and ever a bat ! & reremouse,
and Halliwell-Phillipps printed some others of the And bird o' twilight; he has broken thrice.
quartos. I quite agree with MR. SPENCE that a
moderate priced series of facsimile reprints, edited Come, see the flicker-mouse, my fly. after the fashion of the "English Scholar's
Ben Jonson, New Inn,' III. i. Library,” would be indeed a boon to Shake The same author uses flitter-mou se also :
W. A. HENDERSON. And giddy flitter-mice, with leather wings.
Dublin, 'Sad Shepherd,' II, ii.
Lithographic facsimiles, traced by hand, of the Halliwell, in his Dictionary of Archaic and early quarto editions of Shakespeare, limited to Provincial Words, quotes the following example, thirty-one copies, were issued to subscribers, at the under the name of "Flinder-mouse":
price of five guineas & volume, by Mr. E. W. “One face was attyred of the newe fashion of Ashbee in 1866–71, under the superintendence of women's attyre, the other face like the olde arraye of Mr. J. O. Balliwell-Phillips. A set, consisting of women, and had wynges like a backe or flynder-mowse." forty-eight volumes,
fetched 1761. in Mr. Ouvry's -MS. Harl. 486, fol. 77. Phillips, in his · New World of Words,' 1720, they have been practically superseded by the set
sale in 1882. Now they would be cheaper, as calls it rear-mouse. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.
which Messrs. Griggs & Prætorius produced a few 71, Breckoock Road,
years ago in photo-lithography of the quartos in
forty-three volumes, under the superintendence of Mittermouse occurs in Middleton's "Witch,' Dr. Furnivall. I seo a copy of this set is adverI. ii., which was probably earlier than Ben tised in the last catalogue of Messrs. J. & M. L
Tregaskis at the price of nine guineas, which is, it works. The College of Arms and Ulster Office I remember rightly, considerably under the sum have the right to grant or refuse the label as a perwhich I paid for my own subscription set. MR. manent distinction in arms or as an augmentation SPENCE may, however, possibly desiderate a set to the same, but I cannot find on what principle of the plays in one volume, although, in my own they can refuse the label argent to those who have judgment, separate volumes are more handy for a right to arms when only used to distinguish the reference.
W. F. PRIDEAUX.
The only conclusion one can arrive Kingsland, Shrewsbury.
at is that the Heralds' College and Ulster Office “ ALLER" (8th S. ix. 147, 255).-- From ' A Dia- the general usage--a power they might also use in
are exercising a privilege not in accordance with logue in the Devonshire Dialect,' by.“ A Lady” (a supervising the right of persons bearing granted sister of Sir Joshua Reynolds), published in 1837, or ungranted arms, and so make the honour or I take the following:
supposed honour of some value. Respecting marks Allers, 8., an acute kind of boil or carbuncle, 80 of cadency, Planché says:
" Whatever rules may called from the leaves of the aller being employed as a bave been made, none have ever been strictly remedy, or from clan, Sax., to burn."
observed, for take the presumed authority of any “Allernbach, 8., a kind of botch or old sore; from ælan, Sax., to burn, and bosse, Sax., a botch. In the period and the examples extant are scarcely over N.E. parts only. The alder is frequently called aller in found to accord with it.” Y. will find that metal this county.”
shall not appear upon metal, nor colour upon colour,
A. J. DAVY. is a positive rule in heraldry, and therefore will Torquay.
apply to the label.
JOHN RADCLIFFE. I see in 'N. & Q.' allern-batch mentioned as a “FACING THE MUSIC" (8th S. ix. 168, 272).dialect word for a boil. The following extract Although I cannot state the origin of this phrase, from the Wycliffite version of Job ii. 7 may it may be worth while to point out that it has be of interest to your correspondent: “Therfor already found its way into literature. Sathan yede out fro the face of the Lord, and " This is Dyvid and Goliar, I tell you! If I ast you smoot Joob with a ful wickid botche fro the sole to walk up and face the music I could understand. But of the foot til to his top.
I don't. I on'y ast you to stand by and spifflicate the Chas. A. BERNAU,
niggers." Clare House, Lee, Kent.
This forms part of Huish's argument with Capt.
Davis towards the end of 'The Ebb-Tide' (Edinburgh THE LABEL (8th S. ix. 308).-The label, accord edition of Stevenson's works, vol. iii. of South Sea ing to the best heraldic authors, is generally used Yarns,' p. 356). The Ebb-Tide' appeared orias a temporary mark of cadenoy. In the ordinary ginally in To-day from November 11, 1893, to system of differences, a label of three points-also February 3, 1894. According to the Vailima termed a file with three labels—is the distinction Letters, Stevenson finished writing The Ebbof the eldest son during the lifetime of his father, Tide' in June, 1893.
A. C. W. and some say that the grandson, being an heir, should bear a label of three points during his
There is a full explanation of this term in grandfather's life, &c. Besides being used as o
Barrère's Dictionary of Slang, Jargon, and Cant.' above, labels are also employed as permanent dis- It is there derived as follows : tinctions by certain families, just as any other
“Originally army slang (American) applied to men charge is borne. The use of the label in latter when drummed out to the tune of the Rogue's
March. times is not often practised except in the royal family, in which the Prince of Wales, as eldest son From what authority does MR. EDWARD H. Marof the sovereign, bears a label of three points argent, SHALL quote
? Certainly not from the military
GEORGE MARSHALL. which has been the custom since the reign of novels of o. Lever. Edward III. The other children have similar labels
Softon Park, Liverpool, charged as the sovereign may direct by sign HERALDIC SUPPORTERS OF ENGLISH SOVEREIGNS manual registered in the College of Arms. Burke, (8th S. ix. 228).--The list of these cited by Col. in his 'Armory,' intimates that none but the royal HARCOURT is neither exhaustive nor accurate. The family may use the label of three points argent, following notes may serve to supplement it :and being a member of the fraternity of the Col- Edward III. Sometimes also a lion and falcon lege of Arms he should be an authority on the (both proper). The authority is doubtful. matter.
Richard II. Two white harts; also a lion and The date when this rule was made is not given, hart; also two antelopes. but I should say it is the result of the custom men. Henry IV. Authority as to his supporters very tioned before. That it was intended to be used doubtful. by all those who were entitled to bear arms is Henry VI. More often two antelopes argent evident from the information given in heraldic (Windsor, Eton College, &c.).
Edward IV. Also a bull and lion (Hertford Edward V. A lion and a bind.
Edward V. Alion and a bind argent (St. Henry VIII. At first the same as his father, George's Chapel, Windsor).
but changed to a lion and a dragon. Richard III. Also two boars argent.
Edward VI. The lion, with the addition of a Henry VII. Also two greyhounds (Bishop's crown and a dragon. Palace, Exeter); also a dragon and greyhound Mary. Bore the same supporters, but on her (Windsor and Merton College, Oxford). I have marriage with Philip of Spain placed an eagle on never seen a lion.
the dexter and removed the lion to the sinister. Henry VIII. Also a dragon and greyhound Elizabeth. Bore the same as King Edward VI. (MS. Brit. Museum).
James I. Lion and unicorn, which supporters Edward VI. A lion gardant or and dragon have been continued ever since. gules,
EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. Mary. Also a dragon (sinister side).
71, Breckoock Road. Elizabeth. Also a dragon (sinister side). The Exchequer Seal of Charles I. has for sup. ix. 162, 254). - A notewortby example is to be
EMACIATED FIGURES (8th S. viii. 386, 464, 509 ; porters not the lion and unicorn, but an antelope
seen in the church of St. James, Clerkenwell, and and stag, both ducally collared and cbained. A good collection of supporters on English royal bears the following inscription :
the modern altar tomb upon which it now rests arms is to be seen in a painting on the wall near
“Sir William Weston Knt | Lord Prior of the Sixth or Bishop King's tomb in St. George's Chapel, Wind- English Langue of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem!
OSWALD HUNTER BLAIR, O.S.B. Died on the 7th May, 1540, and was buried on the north Fort Augustus, N.B.
side of the chancel of the church of St. James, Clerken.
well. This emaciated effigy, solo relic of bis splendid In Echard's 'England,' second edition, published tomb destroyed on the demolition of the old church in A.D. 1718, the following are given :
A.D. 1788, I was in the year 1882, placed near its original Edward III. and all previous sovereigns. Coats site by Lieut. Colonel Gonld Hunter-Weston of Huntersof arms without supporters.
ton, co. Ayr.” Richard II. Kneeling female figures, winged
Frequent mention of Sir William Weston occars and draped.
in the works of the historians of the Knights Henry IV. Swan and antelope.
Hospitallers, as well as the earlier volumes of Henry V. Crowned lion and antelope.
N. & Q. He was the second son of Edmund Henry VI. Two antelopes.
Weston, of Boston, co. Lincoln, a cadet of the Edward IV. Lion and bull.
ancient house of Weston, of Weston-under-Lyzard, Edward V. Lion and cow (or doe).
co. Stafford. His father's brothers John and Richard III. Boars right and left.
William were both Knights of St. Jobo, the former Henry VII. Dragon and greyhound.
having been General of the Galleys, Turcopolier, Henry VIII. Uncrowned lion and dragon.
and Lord Prior of England successively, attaining Edward VI. Orowned lion and dragon.
the last dignity in 1482. He is renowned as one Mary. Eagle and crowned lion.
of the most celebrated knights of the age in which Elizabeth. Orowned lion and dragon.
he lived, and be commanded the English defences James I. Lion and unicorn.
at the siege of Rhodes, where he greatly distinThe plates are wood engravings, and give no guished himself
. This grand old warrior, broken. indications of colours.
hearted, as it is affirmed, at the suppression of the DUNCAN G. PITCHER, Col.
Order of St. John in England by Henry VIII, Gwalior, Central India.
died of grief on Ascension Day, 1540. His magni.
ficent tomb in the old church of St. James, William Berry, for fifteen years the Registering Clerkenwell, is described by Weever in his 'Funeral Clerk to the College of Arms, London, in his Monuments,' and an engraving by Schnebbelio
Encyclopædia Heraldica,' says that King Edward (1787), from a drawing taken before that edifice III. was the first monarch who used supporters to was pulled down, is given in Malcolm’s ‘Londinum the arms of England, and that until the accession Redivivum,' and is reproduced in Cromwell's 'Hisof James I. the same supporters were seldom con- tory of Clerkenwell,' in Pink's history of that tinued by his immediate successors.
parish, and in Porter's ' History of the Knights of I supply the omissions and variations in Col. Malta' (rovised edition, 1883). An illustration HARCOURT's list according to Berry.
of the emaciated effigy in its present position is Richard II. A lion and a hart.
contained in The Historical Notes of St. John's, Henry VI. An antelope and a leopard. Clerkenwell,' by John Underhill, with etchings by
Edward IV. Changed his supporters three W. Monk, a remarkably artistic work, published times : a bull and a lion ; two lions ; a lion and in 1895. Mr. Pink copies from the Gentleman's a hart.
Magazine, lviii, 501, a full account by an eye-wit