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think it a great testimony to the little dog's intelliLittle lonely nameless mound

gence, and also to the fidelity to nature of the Where none may read my name.

artist's work from a very competent critic. Since That is a very good example of the melody arising that occurrence I have not thought the story of from the use of liquid sounds.

the birds pecking the picture of ripe fruit by Two points in conclasion would seem to arise Zeaxis impossible to believe. W. R. TATE. out of the consideration of the subject.

(1) That

Walpole Vicarage, Halesworth. while it is alliteration we are dealing with it is by no means alliteration in its old sense. (2) That THE WEEPING INFANT.-PROF. SKEAT, ante, literally it is not alliteration at all, but should p. 350, refers to Pope Innocent's treatise, 'De better be termed the larger alliteration, for we are Miseria Mundi' for the symbolic character of the not appreciating the repetition of one identical infant's natural cry on its birth. An earlier insound, but of a number of vowel or consonant stance is in Lucretius, who says of this in the sounds of the same class. Alliteration, for example, infant, “Vagituque locum lugubri complet, ut deals with the repetition of one liquid sound, but æquum 'st, Cui tantum in vita restet transire the larger alliteration with the recurrence of áll or malorum” (v. 227, 228). A similar notice occurs any of the liquid sounds. ARTHUR MAYALL. in the fathers; for instance, in St. Augustine, 'De Mosaloy.

Civ.,' xxi. 14: Quæ (infantia) quidem quod non It is very difficult, if not impossible, to find in a risu, sed a fletu orditar banc lucem, quo quid Latin or in English poetry verses which are entirely modo."

malorum ingressa sit, nesciens prophetat quodam

ED. MARSHALL without liquids. Verses may be so made that they contain no liquids, but when made with such a

TRANSLATION.--I have not seen anywhere a purpose they are not poetry... I gave an ill-sound. translation of Longfellow's well-known Epitapb ing verse of Horace. I will give one which is on a Maid-of-all-work':well sounding :

Hic jacet ancilla
Olim truncus eram ficulous, inutile lignum.

Qui omnia egit;
Satire viii. bk. i. l. i.

Et nibil tetegit
This has all the liquids, and a repetition of c and t.

Quod non fregit. In the English language there are undoubtedly In default of a better, I beg to suggest the followmady harsh monosyllables which are unavoidable, ing somewhat free rendering (after Pope) :and must be used. In the Latin language there A maiden's deeds, to housekeepers the source are not so many.

E. YARDLEY. Of wood unnumber'd, heavenly muse, discourse !

Her labour all a small town house requires ; A DOG STORY.- As the Editor has inserted

Displacing dust (and lighting household fires), two stories in the review of the Spectator collection

For which, thus bapish'd from each spot beside,

A resting-place hor visage fair supplied, on p. 420 of the present volume of 'N. & Q.,'I But woe to china I should it chance to come venture to send the following, which is a perfectly Within the range of her capacious thumb. true story, and sets forth the sagacity and intelli- In shatter'd fragments small it seeks the floor; gent observation of the dog, as I think, far more

Ah! who can then its pristine form restore.

Such chance befalling those who sought ber aid than most of the Spectator stories, some of which

With speed they sack'd this dear all-fracturing maid, were manifestly hoaxes, notably the one of the

J. FOSTER PALMER. American dog holding the head of a little dog to

8, Royal Avenue, S.W. be crushed by the wheel of a passing brick-cart without getting his own head crushed- & com- * LIFE OF SHERIDAN,' BY MR. FRASER RAE. — bination of miraculous dexterity impossible for any At p. 65, vol. i., Mr. Fraser Rae discredits the anec living creature that holds its prey in its mouth to doto of Mrs. Sheridan's introduction of her two accomplish, and of cowardly malice only possible boys to their future schoolmaster, Mr. Samuel in a human being.

Whyte, of Grafton Street, and in a note at this Well, my story is as follows. In 1876, when I page attributes the story to a writer in the Gentlewas curate in a Dorsetshire parish, my landlady man's Magazine for July, 1816. I can refer to had two little Italian greyhounds, and I had an much earlier and more trustworthy authority for engraving of Landseer's Dignity and Impudence' the anecdote, namely, a note at p. 277 of an edition hung on the wall of my sitting-room. The first of Samuel Whyte's Poems,' edited by his son, time that the dogs entered my room after I took E. A. Whyte, and published in Dublin in 1796. op my quarters in the house, the female dog got I can give a copy of the note, if thought intereston a chair under the pictare, put her fore-paws ing. Mr. E. A. Whyte no doubt heard the anecdote against the wall, looked up at the picture, and from his father.

E. R. McO. Dix, growled. She never repeated the act afterwards on any of her subsequent visits to the room. This DANIEL COLWALL, F.R.S.—To the account of is not a very exciting or sensational story; but I this enlightened scrivener and Searcher of Customs

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at London given in the 'Dict. Nat. Biog.' add as every one knows who bas ever read his Nobek the following from the 'Journals of the House to The Lord of the Isles.' of Commons,' iii. 63: “The House resolved The word is very interesting in its origin; for it (29 April, 1643) that Daniel Colwall, one of the represents one of the three forms in which the Late under searchers of the Port of London, shall be securus appears in English. The form secure is Bequestered from his place and profits of the said mere Latin. The form sure, M.E. sur, sex, is Place of Under Searcher for his neglecting of his from the O.Fr. sëur, in which the c is dropped place, and his being absent above three weeks and The third form, M.E. siker, is somewhat harder te is at Oxon.” Colwall subsequently retired to explain. France, but was allowed to return to London at The fact is, that the accentuation of the Lotto the end of 1645, in order to compound, and was securus was frequently thrown back by the Gart not ungently dealt with by the Committee (Calen- manic races, who pronounced it sécurus ; & pro dar of Committee for Compounding,' pt. ii. p. 1001). nunciation which is represented, for example,

GORDON GOODWIN. 'Hamlet,' I. v. 61: "Upon my sécure boce they HORATIANA.

uncle stole." The word was borrowed by the Ger To vidit insone Cerberus aureo

manic races as early as the seventh century (see Cornu decorum.

Book ii. Odo 19. sicher in Kluge), and appears as A.-S. sioor, G. It was said that Bacchus changed himself into a sicher, Du. zeker. The A.-S. sicor is used by King goat during the wars of the gods with the giants : Alfred; the M.E. siker, used in all dialectes, is Delius in corvo, proles Semeleia capro,

very common, and occurs in Chaucer at least Fole soror Phoebi.

eighteen times. The Old Friesic form is site Ovid, “Metamorphoses,' bk. v. 11. 329, 330. The 0. Low Ger. is sikor. I do not object to sio Possibly he kept the horns as a memorial of his car, if considered as a phonetic spelling ; but it is transformation, and he changed himself sometimes surely unusual.

; into a goat afterwards. The goat that presides at It is remarkable that another Scotchmar, Jamie the witches' sabbath is supposed to be Bacchus, or son by name, enters the word under the condemned Sabazius, who, since the birth of Christ, has been form sicker in his 'Scottish Dictionary. His dethroned, with the other pagan deities, and spellings are sicker (six examples); selkir (racza become a mere devil. Hence, perhaps, in Chris- example); sikkar (one example) ; seker (ono cuk tian times the devil is represented as having horns ample) ; but of siccar, none. and hoofs.

Quos inter Augustus recumbens,
Purpureo bibit ore nectar.

I think SIR HERBERT MAXWELL is rathor kard
Book ii, Ode 3.

upon CoL. PRIDEAUX for quoting the expression I have never seen these lines explained as I under

"make sicker"; and he would have done well to stand them. They mean, I think, that the wraith; He would scarcely then have said 80 positively;

make sure of his ground before writing his criticism or genius of Augustus is already in heaven amongst “Any Scot would write it, I'll maksiccar. the gods, whilst the other Augustus remains on earth. Homer pats Hercules in heaven, whilst Surely Sir Walter was a genuine Scot in more than his wraith is amongst the shadows of hell. It is name, yet he has, in “Tales of a Grandfather, said in Latin dictionaries and elsewhere that in ch. viii.,," Do you leave such a matter in domba Horace's “

and in Virgil's

said Kirkpatrick; 'I will make sicker'—that purpureo ore

purpureum mare no particular colour is meant. But I will make certain.” Archbishop Hamilton, the sea is often purple in the south. Homer has his Catechism,' 1562, in five times using kūua toppúpeov. Lord Byron speaks of the word, spells it four ways, sicker, sickir, silakar, purple of ocean. The parple mouth is the mouth sykkar. Jamieson’s ‘Dictionary' has sicker, stained with nectar. Just so & modern mortal sikkir, sikkar, seker, but not siccar, which alone may have his mouth stained parple by drinking in his Dictionary of Lowland Scotch, bas sicher,

SIR HERBERT MAXWELL would tolerate. Mackay claret. No doubt in Virgil's "lumenque juventæ parpuream," and perhaps in Gray's " purple light siccar, and quotes Burns's 'Death and Du Hlava

book': of love," no particular colour is meant.


Setting my staff, wi' a' my skill,

To keep me sicker. “ SICKER" (See gtb S. ix. 438.)-The spelling We may therefore conclude that one is of sicker, in the sense of "secure," is discussed at far wrang” in writing "make sioker” for the above reference under the ading 'Holborn,' siccar," if he prefer it."

E SW, with which it has nothing to do. We are there told that any Soot would write “I'll mak siccar." COLERIDGE AND SAINTE-BEOVE. --Spoaking of I protest against such dogmatic teaching ; because the unfairness of the critics of his day in their it is notorious (1) that Sir Walter Scott was a treatment of contemporary writers, Coleridges in Scotchman ; and (2) that he wrote “I make sicker,” | bis ‘Biographia Literaria,' clinches his argument

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in favour of a reformation in the mode of reviewing is broken in places. The graceful recumbent figure, current literature by the following words :

life size, sculptured by C. R. Smith, is, with the above “He who tells me that there are defects in a new soon, it is doomed to dostruction by weather and “trip;

exceptions, in fair preservation; but, unless attended to work tells me nothing which I should not have taken for

pers. ." I found a piece of the before-mentioned iron rail granted without his information. But he who points on the monument-a very likely instrument for chipping out and elucidates the beauties of an original work does off pieces, and it had probably been used therefor. indeed give me interesting information such as experi: It is scarcely likely that the monument can be restored ence would not have authenticated me in anticipating."*

to its original state, but a few pounds would suffice to Although his countrymon, Charles Lamb and repair the railing, which would be a means of preserving William Hazlitt, fulfilled Coleridge's ideal with for some years further & worthy commemoration of a

noble deed done by a modest and brave woman. Should respect to bygone literature, it was left for one on

any one in the neighbourhood start a fund for the pur. the other side of the Channel to carry out his con.

pose I should be glad to contribute to it.' ception of just and fair criticism of contemporary

On 12 Dec., 1884, a paragraph appeared in the writers. Many years after the publication of the Biographia Literaria Sainte-Beuve gave to the Graphic, accompanied by an engraving of Grace world that wonderful series of critical studies, chiefly “much ont of repair," and if nothing has since

It was then stated to be

Darling's monument. of French contemporary literature, at intervals, collected and published in sets, under the titles been done it must be in a deplorable condition

indeed, The Vicar of Bamborough (the Rev. Oritiques et Portraits Littéraires,', 'Portraits A. O. Medd) then offered to receive donations for Contemporains,'Causeries du Lundi,' and 'Nou

its restoration. Who designed the monument; and veaux Lundis.'"* In his interesting biograpby of

was it erected by public subscription ? Sainte-Beuve ('Encyclopædia Britannica,' vol. xxi,

JOAN T. PAGE. 1886, p. 165), the late Mr. Matthew Arnold tells

5, Capel Terrace, Southend-on-Sea, us that “the personality of an author had a peculiar importance for him (Sainte-Beuve). The poetical side of his subject, however latent it

Queries. might be, always attracted him, and he always sought to extricate it." It was for the very want

We must request correspondents desiring information of this trait that Coleridge denounced the early names and addresses to their queries, in order that the

on family matters of only private interest to affix their Edinburgh reviewers.

answers may be addressed to thom direct. Apart from bis individuality having so much to do with his just and humane system of criticism, it THE TWO PEACOCKS OF BEDFONT.'—Can any would be interesting to know how far Sainte-Beuve of your readers refer me to any account, in proge, was led in this direction by Coleridge. The former of the origin of the legend which Hood bas had begun to win a name in criticism some years embodied in his well-known poem? It seems to before Coleridge's death in 1834; but there is no have been current in the village at least since mention in the biographies to which I have had early in this century. ALFRED AINGER. access of any correspondence between them, nor any allusion to a possible influence on the part of BOAK. - Could any reader of 'N. & Q.' kindly Coleridge over Sainte-Beuve.

tell me anything as to the original etymology, locaARCHIBALD CLARKE. tion, and nationality of this surname and family? 118, Heath Street, Hampstead, N.W.

I have also seen the name spelt Boake, Boke, and THE GRACE DARLING MONUMENT. -I think Boick' are the same.

think, perhaps, that the surnames of Boyack and the following paragraph, taken from the Times of or nothing of this family, either from pablic or

I may say I can learn little 2 June, should find a place in N. & Q.':

private records. There are several people bearing “Mr. Henry Young writes from Blundellsande, under the above names (with the exception of Boick) in date May 30 : On a visit to Bamborough last week I England, Scotland, and Ireland, but none can went into the churchyard to look at the Grace Darling monument, and found it in a deplorable state. When give me much information anterior to a generation erected it was surrouoded with iron railings, but at pre- or two ago. One party tells me that Boake is a sent all the rails on the south side, and some of them on Dutch name, and that the first settler in Ireland the west, are completely broken off, and the enclosure, bore the name of Borche (pronounced Boak, and being thus open, was in a filtby state with animal ex: latterly spelt Boake). He fought for William III., creta. The stone canopy is completely gone and the pillars wbich supported it are broken off. Half the and settled near Dublin anterior to the close of blade of the oar, which lay lengtbways witb the figure, the seventeenth century. However, from searches is destroyed, and the inside of the right arm is nearly so in the Irish Diocesad Records, I find several Part of a fold of the garment is broken off, and the slab families of Boaks resident in Belleo and Ballylaw, * Biograpbia Literaria,' 1816 (Bobn's reprint, 1876), had ancestors of the same name there before them.

co. Tyrone, about the same time, and I fancy they † Saintsbury's 'Short History of French Literature' They were of repate, and called themselves (1892), p. 528.

“gentlemen" in their wills; but the families now


p. 30.

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are quite extinct in the above county. In regard one instance I was recommended to apply to you, to the theory that the Boaks came from the Con- as I do now. When I read Collins's Peerage or tinent, I find there is a river Boacq in Namur, a the 'Medals of the Counts of Flanders' I find tributary of the Maas.

a great many authorities referred to, such as From a search in most of the leading works Butkens, Calmet, Pertz, &c. (both ancient and modern) on arms, &c., I cannot

DOMINICK BROWNE. see the name oven mentioned, with the one excep- Christcburcb, New Zealand, tion, viz., in the latest edition of ' Fairburn,' which gives for Boak as their crest" A beacon, fired ppr." - Can any of your learned contributors afford

FORCE OF DIMINUTIVES IN SILVER LATINITY. I do not know how this bas been ascertained, as, 80 far as I can find, there is no mention of the guidance on this point, or at least indicate any family in any herald college or office in Great work in which the subject is dealt with? It is, of Britain or Ireland.

course, known to every student of language that There was anciently a barony of Bokeland, in

the diminutives passed in great numbers into the Devonshire, and there are still various small pro- with a loss of the diminishing signification, as, e. 9.,

Romance language, generally, it would appear, perties in Galloway of the name of Beoch (800 Mr. Kerlie's 'Lands and their owners in Gallo. Fr. abeille, from Lat. apicula; but a point which way'). Of course Bog, Boig, Boag, and Bogue grammars and linguistic works, so far as known to are common names now in the

three kingdoms. me, do not deal with is the time when this ignoring Dickens makes remark as to the name of Boak in of the dimioishing effect of the termination began. America as a curious surname, and I believe some

In short, how are we to determine in any given of the descendants of the Tyrone Boaks now live passage in a silver Latin author whether å dimiin America.

nutive in form (whether noun or adjective) is also From a search of the 'Acts of the Parliament of a diminutive in meaning? I take at random two Scotland,' I see on p. 822, vol. vi. part ii

. (1648- the silver period, Juvenal. In Sat. 3. 82 occur

instanoes from one of the best-known authors of 1660), a Richard Boke, a commissioner for the the words " Magna est fornacula.” Is fornacula shire of Elgin, mentioned.

There was a family of the name of Boick in here werely synonymous with fornax; or is the Edinburgh in the seventeenth century. Wm.

whole expression an instance of satirical oxymoron, Boick, merchant, Edinburgh, was made a burgess in the same satire (1. 355) occurs the diminutive

which would be quite in Juvenal's style ? Again, and guild brother of Edinburgh in December, 1886; and his son William was, on 14 April, 1697, adjective candiduli, which one commentary trans

, | lates also made a burgess and guild brother of Edin

The holy sausages of your white little burgh (he was also one of Glasgow), “ be right of porker," adding, "The diminutives aid the effect.his Father.” William Boick, sen.,

is mentioned

If the diminishing force still cleaves to the adin the 'Aots of the Parliament of Scotland, in jective, the force of the word would rather be, reference to the loss of a keg of butter consigned would take a different turn from that suggested

perhaps, " whitish, fairly white," and the scoff to him in Edinburgh from Campheer, Holland, by by the commentator, and would refer to the diffia Mr. Gordon there, then in charge of the exports from that port.

William Boick, jun., married culty of obtaining a perfectly white victim (cf. Anna, eldest daughter of William Cochrane, Esq., thereon). But is candidulus diminutive in mean

“Oretatum bovem," in l. 66, and Mayor's note of Rochsoles, Lanarkshire, and their daughter (and ing at ali ; or was it in Juvenal's

time simply equi; coheires) Anna married, on 20 January, 1710, valent to candidus ? Lewis and Short's 'Lexicon Thomas Gordon, jun., of Earlston. I much doubt it Boak and Boick are the same, explains "shining white,” which seems to be quite

ignores the diminutive termination altogether, and and shall be glad to hear what others think or

PERTINAX know, as also in regard to my other queries on the

an unauthorized rendering. subject.

ORDER OF COUNCIL. (See gth S. ix. 436 )— What Please pardon the length of this, but I wish to is an " Order of Council," and of what value? The lay before any one able to assist me all the points order meant is doubtless that of the Queen's Most I have, as yet, ascertained, from whatever source, Excellent Majesty in Council, for without the as to the surnames of Boak and Boiok.

Queen's Majesty the order would not be worth MONK.

the paper it was written on. EARLY BELGIAN PEDIGREES.-Will any one


Hilfield. inform me how I oan get information to complete some old Belgian pedigrees of ancestors [The phrase an " Order of Council" is unusual : the who lived before 1100? Í have written to the usual pbrase is "Order in Council." Great numbers of libraries at Brussels and Louvain, but although Council to be communicated to Parliament. Masses of

statutes provide that things shall be done by Order in they always reply to my letters, I am nover told such orders made under statute are laid before Parliahow or where to apply for what I want, except in ment every senion. An Order in Council is prepared at

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the Council Office, and sent to the Queen by that office, THE NATIONAL DEBT.–At what date was the do which it is returned, and by wbich it is issued. The national debt of England about fifty-five millions ? same office prepares charters—sucb, for example, as those

F. G. to new municipal corporations. When it is necessary for ibo Queen to hold a Council for any formal matters, the NELSON'S "LITTLE Exma."-In the 'DictionMinister in attendance and one or two other Privy ary of National Biography' we are told, in the Councillors are pressed into the service. There is some memoir of Lord Nelson, that he had two children times a difficulty in forming such a Council when Her Majesty is at a great distance from London, and on one by Lady Hamilton-Horatia and Emma, the latter occasion one of the great officials connected with Her born at the end of December, 1803, or beginning Majesty was made a Privy Councillor to get over this of January, 1804. Wbat is the ground for the dificulty-one of Her Majesty's song, now dead, who was statement concerning an Emma ? QUERIST. Srogeently in ber neighbourhood, completing à Council of respectable strength with the others who have been

BANKS IN CALCUTTA. — Will any reader kindly mamod.)

inform me where I shall find particulars of the PERYAM FAMILY.—Will some correspondent of founder of the banking house of Barber & Palmer, 'N. & Q.' kindly give me the names of the father which flourished in Calcutta somewhere about the and mother of Sir Edward Peryam (living about middle of last century? Was it founded by John D550), whose daughter Emily, it is said, married Barber, of Metfield, Suffolk; and does the house Edward Ryder, or De Rythre, of Carrington, still exist ?

S. Chesbire ?

WM. JACKSON PIGOTT. Kew. Dundrum, eo. Down

CIVIL WAR, 1645.- Are there any records of WANDMILLS. -Can any reader give me, through Backs county troops engaged ? I seek the name our invaluable 'N. & Q.,' references in literature of Pontifex.

Α. Ο. Η. de windmills, their visionary and poetic effect in a landscape ? Has anybody besides Don Quixote ALLEY.-The Rev. Peter Alley, Rector of felt their influence ?

S. W. Donoughmore, co. Wicklow, where he died 1763, GAMES IN CAURCHYARDS.—I want instances aged one hundred and ten, is said to have been :

descendant of Dr. William Alley, Bishop of af games of any kind being played in churchyards, Exeter (died 1570). Can any of your correspondar dancing taking place there. I should also bé

ents verify this statement ? The Rev. Peter is glad if any one would refer me to any book giving an account of anything of the kind. 'I know what also said to have had three wives and thirty-three

children—"sixteen by his first, and seventeen by The Book of Days,' Brand, and Hone say.

bis second wife." I would be glad to have the FLORENCE PEACOCK. Dunstan House, Kirton-in-Lindsey.

names and parentage of these wives.

SIGMA TAU. HERALDIC.-I should be deeply obliged if any NAME OF UNIVERSITY.—The Archbishop of of your readers could tell me whether there is any Canterbury, in an address this year, said :meaning or probable significance in the cross form

“An account of life in an ancient university which ing part of the following coat of arms (or why ope bas come down to us, informs us that the students of the branch of the family should bear it and not the first year used to call themselves by the proud title of atbor): Gules, on a chevron between three falcons cóplotai, those of the second year were content with argent, membered and belled or, a cross crosslet the more modest title of pulcoóool, while it was only fitch do sable (Headley, Hedley, or Hetley). I the more stupid of the third year's students who cared sbould also be very grateful for any information to claim any higher title than that of waonrar.whatever regarding this family.

What university was this; and where does the R. H. HEADLEY. story occur ?

G. So, Wolverton Gardens, W. SOUTEWELL MSS. - Where are the Southwell with Lady Elizabeth Lee the poet left one son,

EDWARD YOUNG, THE POET.—By his marriage MSS ? They were sold, I believe, by Mr. Thorpe named Frederic, to whom the Prince of Wales was Joune years ago, but I have not been able to find godfather. Frederic Young married, 10 October, out who bought them. PAILIP REDMOND.

1765, Miss Bell, of Wallington ; and I should be Del Marino House, Sandycove, co. Dublin.


1. The Christian name of his wife, and any M.D.-Jenner, the discoverer of the virtue of particulars of this family of Bell

. vrecipe influence as a preventive against the small

2. Whether she left any issue of her marriage ; pes, must have had arms, as he was well connected, and, if so, whether the poet has any lineal male or at least an ex-libris. Any information upon representative now living. this point will be gladly received.

3. By what authority did he use the arms, JOHN LEIGHTON, F.S.A. Lozengy argent and vert, on a bend azure three Qurmonde, Regent's Park,

griffins' heads erased of the first ? E. W. D.

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