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risms and Compilations of the Rev, J. A. JAMES, in a
CONTENTS OF NO. XLVIII.
I. Administration of the Indian Government under the Marquess of Hast-
III. The late Duke of Richmond on Annual Parliaments and Universal
į V. On the Causes and Mitigation of Pestilential Fever, &c. By T. Fors-
VI. C. Brinsley Sheridan on the Greek Revolution. Second Ed.
IX. On the general Principles and present Practice of Banking, &c. By
CONTENTS OF NO. L.
II. The Life of the late J. ELWES, Esq. By E. Top-
HAM, Esq. Second Ed.
Chancery: By E. B. SUGDEN, Esq. 2.0-•..••.• 445
VII. Comparison between the powers of ENGLAND and
Russia, as they stand in relation to Europe at large.
VIII. A brief Sketch of the Progress of Opinion on the
subject of CONTAGION; with some Remarks on
CONTENTS OF NO. L.
I. A Sketch of Ireland, in 1824 : the Sources of her Evils considered, and their
III. A Second Letter to Sir C. Forbes, on the Suppression of Public Discussion in
his attack on their sincerity in the “ Book of the Roman Catholic Church.”. By C. J.
V. A Letter to the Ri. Rev. C. J. Blomfield, D.D. Bishop of Chester; from Charles
censured in a Letter to him hy his Lordship. Second Ed. revised and enlarged.
VI. Rapport sur l'Etat Actuel des Prisons dans les Départements du Calvados, de
VIII. A Plan for the Construction of a Steam Life Boat; also for the Extinguish-
X. The case of Ireland set at rest : addressed in a Letter to the Rt. Hon. R. Peel,
XI. Statistical Illustrations of the Territorial Extent and Population, Commerce,
Morals, from the Plagiarisms and Compilations of the Rev. J. A. James, in a Letter to
I R E L A N D
IN 1824 :
THE SOURCES OF HER EVILS CONSIDERED,
THEIR REMEDIES SUGGESTED.
BY SIR WILLIAM HILLARY, BART.
AUTHOR OF "AN APPEAL TO THE BRITISH NATION ON THE HUMANITY AND
POLICY OF FORMING A NATIONAL INSTITUTION FOR THE PRESERVATION
There is not perhaps any subject more calculated to make a deep impression on the human mind, than the contemplation of an ancient, a brave, and a high-minded people struggling with adversity; but the impression becomes infinitely more powerful, when we view that people perishing from want in the midst of abundance; an increased population, with an increase of wretchedness; with all the bounties of heaven and the abundant fruits of the earth, in appearance,
lavished on them in vain. Such is, such long has been, Ireland. According to their history and their traditions, they were the earliest civilized people of the west; certainly, one of the first who received Christianity. Blessed with a luxuriant soil; placed in a happy temperature of climate ; situated most favorably for commerce with every quarter of the globe ; inhabited by a brave, ardent, and intelligent people : this country, for many succeeding centuries, has been stationary in misfortune, whilst all the surrounding nations have been advancing in prosperity and civilization : for six hundred years treated as a conquered people, alternately the prey of civil dissensions or religious persecutions; of partial insurrections or open rebellions ; horrible burnings, barbarous murders, martial law, and numerous executions.
To produce such an accumulated mass and succession of miseries, almost without interruption through so many ages, there must have been some great and radical defect; and clearly to ascertain the nature and extent of that cause, is the first step towards removing the evil.
Variously has this, at different times, been explained. The arbitrary domination of the Conqueror was long held to be the primary
When the religion of England was changed by the Reformation, and Ireland remained Catholic, difference in religious opinions and the attendant persecutions and confiscations, were, and long continued to be, regarded as the paramount evil : to these