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SMY RNA.—In accordance with an arrangement reported to the Board last ear, Mr. Temple and Mr. Hallock left 1alta, with their families and the printing establishment, on the 7th of December, and arrived at Smyrna on the 23d. They were accompanied by the Armenian bishop Dionysius, or Carabet, as he is usually called, and his family. At o time of their arrival, great excitement prevailed among a certain portion of the Christian inhabitants of the city. Strong representations being made to the pasha, by the different sects, he, with totally mistaken views of the case, sent an order to Mr. Temple, through the American consul, to leave Smyrna in ten days, on pain of being sent a prisoner to Constantinople. But no sooner was he made acquainted with the facts, by the kind interference of Mr. Osiley, the consul, than he declared himself satisfied, and left Mr. Temple at liberty to make his arrangements at pleasure; nor have our missionaries or the press suffered any molestation since that time. The pasha would not consent, however, that Carabet should remain at Smyrna, and he sailed for Beyroot, with his family, in a Greek vessel, on the 19th of February, in company with Mr. and Mrs. Whiting, then on their return to Syria. Mr. and Mrs. Smith proceeded from Malta to Syria, by way of Alexandria, and soon after their arrival, the Arabic portion of the printing establishment was, at the request of the brethren in Syria, forwarded from Smyrna to Beyroot. The printing establishment had been in operation at Malta about eleven years, having commenced in July, 1822. Up to the close of the year 1829, the printing in the modern Greek, Italian, Armeno-Turkish, and Greco-Turkish lanuages, amounted to 287,150 copies, and to 10,795,400 pages. A statement has recently been forwarded by Mr. Temple of the printing from the beginning o 1830 to }uly 1833—all, except the Arme
no-Turkish New Testament, in modern Greek.
Armeno-Turkish New Testament, Selections from the Old Testament, Life of Abraham, Life of Moses, Life or Joseph, Life of Samuel, Life of David, 1,ife of Esther, Lives of Elijah and Elisha, Life of loaniel, Abridgment of the Old Testament, Abridgment of the New Testament, Abridgment of the Acts of the Apostles, Scripture Hep, abridged, Conversion of St. Paul, Greek Reader, Little Philosopher, History of Greece, History of Rome, History of England, History of France, History of the Sundwich Islands, History of the Middle Ages, Chill's Assistant, Child's Arithmetic, Adams’ Arithmetic, The to ecoy, Priest and Catechumen, Peter Parley's Geography, Pinnock’s atechism of Greece, Eccl. siastical History, s)ialogues on Grammar, Lessons for Children, by Niketoplos, Decalogue. The amount is about 66,000 copies, and about 10,000,000 pages. The whole amount of printing, while the press was at Malta, was not far from 350,000 copies, and 21,000,000 of pages. During Mr. Temple's residence in Malta, he almost invariably preached twice in English on the Sabbath, and once, and sometime twice, during the week. In the last three years of his residence there, he had a Sabbath school in his house in the afternoon, consisting of from ten to twenty children. Mrs. Hallock was very usefully employed in a school of young children. Mr. Petrokokino is at Smyrna, assisting in translating into the modern Greek; and there is no reason to fear that the demand for books will not suffice to give employment to the press. BRoos A.—Broosa was mentioned in the last Report. It is situated in Bythynia, at the western base of Olympus, and was the capital of the Turkish empire. Scio.—Scio is the unfortunate Greek island, destroyed by the Turks in the year 1822. Its population before that event was reckoned at about 100,000. The Sultan has recently invited the surviving and scattered inhabitants to return and claim their property, and it is supposed that not far from 35,000 are to be found resident upon the island. The Committee regarded themselves as called by divine Providence to extend help to this people; and accordingly instructed the Rev. Samuel Rutherford Houston, who embarked at Boston, with his wife, for Smyrna, on the 20th of August, to make his residence, for a time at least, on that island. This mission naturally connects itself with that in Asia Minor, the island being separated only by a narrow channel from the opposite coast. Possibly the seminary for the education of helpers in the Greek language, which the Board may find it expedient to establish somewhere in the Levant, may most advantageously be established on the island of Scio.
TREB1zoND.—This place, situated on the southeastern shores of the Black Sea, was mentioned in the 23d Report as one which ought soon to be occupied. It contains a population of about 15,000 Moslems, Greeks, Armenians, and Armenian Papists.
GENERAL REMARKs Upox Asia MiNor.—Asia Minor presents an interesting field of labor to the view of the Christian philanthropist. Here, in ancient times, were Phrygia, Cappadocia, Galatia, and Lycaonia, countries with the names of which we are familiarized by the New Testament. There, also, were the cities of Iconium, Derbe, Lystra, and the Antioch of Pisidia. Around were the countries of Cilicia, Pamphylia, Lycia and Caria, on the south; Lydia, Mysia and Troas, on the west; and Bithynia, Paphlagonia and Pontus, on the north; with nearly twenty cities mentioned in the sacred Scriptures.
Our printing establishment for the Asia Minor, Constantinople, and Greek missions, is expected to operate at Smyrna, from whence there is frequent communication, by water and caravans, with most parts of the Levantine countries. The Committee look to Cilicia, with the hope of occupying a post there. Kaisarea, in Cappadocia, may perhaps furnish another post. And still another may possibly be at Ancyra, in Galatia.
SYRIA AND THE HOLY LAND.
Bernoor.—Isaac Bird, Eli Smith, and George B. Whiting, Missionaries; Asa Dodge, M. D., Licensed Preacher and Physician; and their wives.
Jr. ausalem.—William Thomson, Missionary, and wife.
Lorenzo W. Pease, Missionary, and wife; conditionally appointed to a station in the island of Cyphus —to connect itself with the Syrian mission.
Syria and the Holy Land embrace the four pashalics of Aleppo, Tripoli, Damascus, and Acre, all of which are now under the government of the viceroy of Pgypt. The population is gathered al
trar. *** r
most entirely into cities and villages. Damascus, Aleppo and Jerusalem— containing respectively about 100,000 S0,000, and 20,000 inhabitants—deserve the name of cities. The number of souls within the territorial limits of Syria and
Palestine, is estimated by the missiona
ries, in a late communication, at not far from 1,000,000. Beyroot is the principal port of commerce. Our printing-press will be there, at least for the present, and perhaps also the school for educating our native teachers.-Jerusalem was formerly numbered among the stations of the Board; the station was resumed by Mr. and Mrs. Thomson in April last. Mr. Thomson had previously made two visits to the city. The population of Jerusalem is thought to be increasing. Pilgrims are there in great numbers for about seven months in the year, and there doubtless will be the chief mart for our books.The Rev. Lorenzo Warriner Pease and wife are instructed to proceed to the island of Cyprus; unless the brethren of the Syrian mission should unite in the opinion that they had better remain in Syria. The Committee expect, with the divine permission, to occupy Damascus, as soon as they can procure missionaries for the purpose. The ground has been surveyed. Mr. Smith visited Damascus early in March, in company with Dr. Dodge. The survey occupied about two months. After spending a few days in Damascus, they proceeded into the Hooran, eastward of the Jordan, never before explored by protestant missionaries. The Bozrah of the Scriptures was the limit of their travels southeastward. Thence travelling westward they entered and traversed the region of Bashan, going southward as far as the river Jabok, now called Zerka. Mr. Smith says, “We found abundant opportunities for preaching the truths of the gospel, and the word of God was sought after with an avidity I have never before witnessed. Often did we spend evenings conversing with companies which filled our room upon the great truths of the gospel, and in some places we were followed from village to village for a copy of the Scriptures.” Beyroot is becoming progressively more interesting as a missionary station, From 30 to 30 Franks attend the preaching in English at the English consulate. At the mission-house, there are two services in Arabic on the Sabbath, for the benefit of the native population;-one for preaching, the our,” reading the Scriptures and free conversation. A congregation of 50 or 60 beggars continues to assemble, and to these poor, thus convened, the gospel, in imitation of our Savior's example, is invariably preached.
The system of schools is yet in its infancy. There is a want of school-books and teachers. The number of schools is six;-four taught by native schoolmasters, and two by members of the mission. Two of the native masters are hopefully pious. One of the schools taught by the mission is for girls. The aggregate of scholars in all the schools does not exceed 140. Rare indeed is the female who can read or write. Of the males, residing in the more remote and unimportant places, perhaps not more than one person in twenty can read.
Our Arabic press arrived at Beyroot on the 8th of May last, and passed through the custom-house without objection. It has been ascertained that there were at that time no less than eight presses in Syria and the Holy Land. Now there are nine.
The press can neither be suitably furnished with materials, nor, if kept diligently employed, can its productions be properly scattered among the people, without missionaries. The arrival of the press, therefore, has increased the earnestness of this mission in calling for more laborers.
The impression is said to have been extensively removed, which had been given by the Jesuits of former years, that the Protestants have no religion, no priesthood, no churches, etc. The bigotry, intolerance, unreasonableness, and worldly-mindedness of the papal priests have also been brought to light, by their opposition to the Scriptures and schools; and it is thought that image-worship is growing unpopular in the vicinity of Beyroot. Among the inhabitants of that § now living, the missionaries reckon ut four native converts. A fifth hope
ful convert is teaching a school at Tripoli. The number admitted to communion from the commencement of the mission is seven; not including the lamented Asaad Esh Shidiak, nor Jacob, a young Armenian who died giving some tokens of repentance and faith in the Savior,
PERSIA. MISSION TO THE NESTORIANs. Justin Perkins, Missionary, and wife.
Mr. Perkins sailed from Boston, with his wife, on the 21st of September, 1833,
and arrived at Constantinople on the 21st of December. There they remained until May 17th, employed in the study of the Turkish language, when they sailed for Trebizond, expecting to go from thence to Tebriz, through Erzroom in Armenia. They arrived at Trebizond on the 29th of May.
While Mr. Perkins was at Malta, the Rev. Mr. Schlienz, Church missionary, kindly undertook, with the aid of his Chaldee translator, to prepare a spellingbook in the Syriac language. This was lithographed in the written character employed by the Nestorians. At Constantinople our missionary received permission to draw for as many copies of the Holy Scriptures as he should need from the depository of the British and Foreign Bible Society in that city. He accordingly took with him a supply of Martyn's Persian New Testament, and the Psalms and Proverbs in the same language; also, Syriac New Testaments, and the Gospels and Proverbs in Syriac, each in a separate volume; together with a few Greek and Armenian Testaments to distribute on the road.
The Committee have sought in vain for a pious and competent physician, able and disposed to go forth as an associate with Mr. Perkins in this interesting mission. Such a man is exceedingly needed.
MISSION TO THE MOHAMMEDANS. James L. Merrick, Missionary.
The Mohammedans of Western Asia have too much reason for despising the Christian religion. In every form in which it has been o to them, until within a few years past, it has been as a system of idolatrous worship. To present the “glorious gospel of the blessed God” in a different form to the Mohammedans of Persia—divested of superstitious and profane rites, and of all that paralizes its power upon the heart and conscience—a mission has been instituted with special reference to them.
The Rev. James Lyman Merrick, who has gone as a pioneer in this mission, has had it steadily in view for a number of years. He embarked at Boston on the 20th of August last. The immediate object of Mr. Merrick will be to acquire the Persian language, explore the most
important parts of the country, and as
certain what openings there are for missionary labor.
The Board has been strongly recommended, by a gentleman of high standing in India, who has been long and intimately acquainted with that country, to commence a mission at .limere, which is the seat of British political control over all the Rajpoot states, extending from the Jumna to Goozerat, and from the Chumbul to the frontier of Sinde. Throughout the whole of this wide country there is not at present a single Christian missionary.
Bome a v5–on the island of that name.—Cyrus Stone, William Ramsey," . Wissionaries; William C. Sampson, Printer; and their wives. Miss Cynthia Farrar, Saprintendent of Female Schools.
AHMED st: cat R;-on the continent, 175 miles a little north of east from Bombay.—Hollis Read, and G. W. Boggs, -Missionaries, and their wives.
Dejeeba, -\at re-1ssistant.
II, NER Acy;-D. O. Allen, Missionary.
On their way to Bombay;-Allen Graves, and Sen dul B. Munger, Missionaries; George W. Hubbard, and Amos Abott, Super intendents of Schools; and their wives. Miss Orpah Graves, and Aliss A. H. Kimball, Teachers.
As this mission has recently been extended to Ahmednuggur, nearly two hundred miles in the interior, and there will soon be other stations in different so of the Mahratta country, its title as been changed from “the Bombay Mission,” to “the Mahratta Mission.”
Mrs. Atossa Stone died at Bombay, on the 7th of August 1833, of an affection of the liver. The two motherless children of Mr. Stone arrived at New York in May last.
On the 17th of April 1833, the native assistant BABAJEE, of whom particular mention was made in the two last Reports, died of cholera at Ahmednuggur.
“His death,” say the missionaries in the Report for the last year, “is a very great loss, not only to the particular mission to which he belonged, but to the cause of Christ in general.—The death of such a man, at such a time, is to be numbered among the mysteries of divine Providence which eternity alone can unfold. His devout deportment, the thousands of books which he distributed, his exhortations and prayers, his frequent discussions with the brahmins, his preaching at Ahmednugger and in more than fourscore towns and villages in the Dekkan, are means which, in the wisdom of God, we trust, will not be permitted to fail of some glorious result to the church of Christ.”
The mission has also been tried, and the labors of some of its number interrupted, by sickness among its members.
It should be added that of the ten adults, missionaries and assistant missionaries from this country, who have de
* Mrs. Rainsey died of the cholera June 11th, and Mr. R. has embarkod on his return to this country.
ceased, only three have died of the peculiar disease of the climate.
Messrs. George W. Hubbard and Amos Abbott, are to be employed as superintendents of schools and distributors of Bibles and tracts, with their wives; together with Miss Orpah Graves and Miss A. H. Kimball, who are to be employed as teachers, Miss Kimball assisting Miss Farrar in superintending the female schools in and around Bombay. They have given special attention to the subject of school-teaching. Their employment in the mission in the manner contemplated, it is thought, will give greater efficiency to the system of schools, and enable the clergymen of the mission to devote themselves more exclusively to preaching and kindred services.
Bomb AY-During the year the gospel was preached regularly in the chapel, and also in the streets and places of concourse as the health and circumstances of the missionaries at that station would admit. The labors in this department, however, were considerably diminished' during the year by the absence of Mr. Allen. Mr. Stone held discussions with more than one hundred Jews, who called at the chapel to obtain the books of Genesis and Exodus printed in Mahratta, to whom also copies of the New Testament, or some portions of it, were given. He also, as time and health would permit, made excursions through the city, preaching the gospel to the people at their own dwellings, their temples, the o and other places of con| course. Mr. Ramsey's time was almost o employed in preaching the gospel, on the island of Bombay and on the continent.
The attendance at the chapel on the Sabbath was much the same as in the preceding year. “In the streets,” say the missionaries, “we can, almost at any time or place, in the evening, have a number of people assembled, who are willing, for a short time, to hear what we have to say concerning the way of salvation through the Lord Jesus Christ. As yet, however, we have found but few among them who are willing to pay much serious attention to the things heard.”
Since March of the last year the teachers of the schools in Bombay, with some others, attend at the chapel on Tuesdays, for the purpose of improving in native vocal music. One of the pundits employed by the mission devotes a portion of his time daily to instruct the
members of the mission in this science, and also a part of one day in each week in teaching the natives. A collection of Christian hymns adapted to native tunes has been prepared and printed. The service in English, in the chapel, on Sabbath evenings, was continued through the year. The attendance was respectable, though not large. The monthly concert of prayer was also regularly observed. he schools in connection with this branch of the mission were, at the close of the year, 26 in number; 15 in Bombay—five for boys and 10 for girls, and 11 on the continent. The whole number of pupils in these schools was about 2,000. The opposition which formerly existed to female education has been gradually dying away. The schools are reported as in a flourishing state. No books but those which are strictly of a religious tendency are allowed to be used. The schools on the continent are regularly examined every month, and those in Bombay every week or oftener.
“The children,” says the report of the missionaries, “receive a pretty good knowledge of the first principles of Christianity, and are able generally to give correct answers concerning Christ, and the way of salvation through him. The most of then declare to us that they do not worship idols, that Jesus Christ is the only Savior of sinners.
The distribution of the Scriptures and of tracts was continued as in former years. There is no difficulty now in the way of their distribution in Bombay or on the continent, arising from the natives themselves or others. Among the more enlightened class of the natives, the desire to possess a complete copy of the sacred Scriptures is on the increase. This branch of the mission report as distributed during the year about 400 copies of the New Testament in Mahratta, and a few copies of the Scriptures in Hindoostanee, Arabic, Hebrew, and Portu. and about 12,000 tracts printed
y the mission, and 2,500 published by the Bombay Book and Tract Society.
Printing was executed by the mission during the year as follows.
Hymns for Public Worship,
Concerning Salvation, +
Free Rennedy for Sinners,
Birth of Christ,
Preparation for Denth,
Sufferings and Death of Christ,
Scripture Doctrines, 3d edition, revised,
Henry and his Boarer, Exodus, 1st edition,
For the Boubny Auxiliary Bible Society: Exodus, 1st edition, Matthew, revised. For the Bombay Auxiliary Tract Society: Way of Salvation, Nature of God. For the Church Missionary Society: !!cnry and his Bearer, Invitation to Public Worship, a hand bill. For the Rev. Mr. Wilson, of the Scottish Missionary Society: Idiomatical Exercises, in Mahratta and English. Tota! of printing in Mahratta, 28,300 copies, 1,414,900 pages. The amount of Mahratta printing from the commencement of the mission is about 14,500,000 pages. At the close of the year, an edition of 6,000 copies of the Gospel by Luke, and several works in English, were in the press. To the mission church at Bombay, were admitted during the year, on profession of their faith, two persons, one male and one female, Indo-Britons. Some natives had applied for admission, but their application was deferred.
AHMEDNUGGUR.—DAJEEBA, the surviving native assistant, continues to give evidence of the sincerity of his profession, and renders very essential aid in every department of missionary labor. He possesses a very respectable knowledge of the Scriptures; is sober, discreet, and apt to teach.
The religious services at this station, as reported last year, are still sustained with little change. On the Sabbath there is preaching, morning and evening; and, when Mr. Read has been at the station, he has expounded the Scriptures, with exhortation and prayer, on each morning and evening of the week. The number of hearers is seldom less than forty, or more than sixty. There are meetings on other days of the week.
The Asylum is still under the charge of the American missionaries, and affords great facilities for preaching the gospel, not only to the inmates, but through them to many of the people of the vil|lage where it is situated. Preaching by the way side, also in markets and in other public places, has not been omitted. Of schools no extensive system has yet been adopted at this station. Our last |Report inentioned one school for boys, and three small schools for girls. Sevgirls. Sev eral have, however, made very good progro in reading and writing, and have committed to memory the small catechism, the ten commandments, several prayers, hymns, etc. Portions of the Scriptures and religious tracts, in Mahratta, Hindoostanee, and Guzeratteee, were distributed in