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terminated in the death of two adults and one child of the former, and of five of the latter: removing from the family and school eight persons in all, during the season. The first of the notices which follow was furnished by Mr. Washburn.
CyNthia Thnall. Miss Thrallbrought into the missionary service a constitution very much impaired by sickness, and her bodily powers were feeble during all the time of her missionary life; but her heart was devoted to the work. She ever felt and manifested the constraining influence of the love of Christ and the love of souls. We all regarded her as a valuable member of the mission, and she was perhaps as useful as if she had enjoyed a firm physical constitution. Her services as teacher in the infant school were highly appreciated by the family, and in this respect her loss is most deeply felt. By her christian example and prayers she added as much to the usefulness of the mission as perhaps any other member of it. This was emphatically true at the time of the revival. It has ever been my conviction that that work of grace depended as much upon her, so far as human instrumentality is concerned, as to its commencement, progress, and continuance, us upon any other means. Her whole soul was in the work. Indeed she never lost the spirit of a revival afterwards.
The state of her mind in her last sickness was calm and joyful. On the Sabbath when she expected to die, she seemed to enjoy the full assurance of hope. When I returned from the labors of the day, she expressed a wish to see me. As I went to her bed, her countenance was lighted up with a heavenly smile. She expressed the fullest submission to God, the most simple and entire trust in Christ, and a clear sense of his presence, and of her acceptance into eternal rest through his blood and righteousness. She entrusted to me her dying message to the mission family and to her friends. She particularly desired that no one might mourn for her. It was, she said, God's will that she should die. Of course he had nothing more for her to do, and she had such a clear sight of the purity and blessedness of heaven, and such a sweet sense of the Savior's presence and love to her soul, and of her interest through grace in his heavenly rest, that she could but rejoice and thank and praise God, and she wished all her christian friends and all her kindred to rejoice and thank God too, and not to mourn.
This state of mind continued, without any other interruption than what arose from the sinking of her vital powers, till she put off her mortal body, and entered, as we doubt not, into the joy of her Lord. We felt her death as a loss to us as Christians and as a loss to the mission, but we could not mourn on that account. Thus I have given you a brief statement of this beloved sister. I feel that much more might be said, but will close this subject by asking your prayers that her death and all our losses and afflictions may be sanctified to us and to the furtherance of the gospel.
Miss Thrall was a native of Windsor, Connecticut. She spent about nine years in the mission family at Dwight, occupied principally in instructing the children of the mission family and the youngest portion of the pupils of the school. Her death occurred on the 17th of August, 1834, in the forty-third year of her age.
Mrs. NEwton. Mr. Newton, after mentioning the decease of a daughter on the 13th of January, and giving some account of the protracted and distressing sickness of his wife and companion in labors, thus proceeds—
I will now turn to a sweeter subject, one that supports and comforts me. While her body was in agony her mind was in peace. Death and the grave, though gloomy, awful subjects to most of our race, were viewed by her with smiles. “I know in whom I believe—he has tasted death for me—he is my Savior,” was her only support. When she learned that there could be no relief, and that death was certainly near; she was not surprised. I was surprised at her calmness. Faith triumphed. She made known her dying request with the same composure that she would have attended to an ordinary domestic arrangement when in health. Her weakness was great, and her words few. At one time she said, “I think there will be a change soon. I can trust in my Savior; and I hope I do trust in him. I want to lie still and meditate—I want to think about Jesus. He has done much for me, and I trust he will not leave me. I wish to have no will of my own. God's will be done—I do not feel pain.”
After resting a few hours, I asked her how the missionary life now appeared to her? Her answer was, “The missionary work is work done for the Redeemer—it is glorious; I am unworthy of it. . I do not regret that I devoted myself to it.” The next day her symptoms were not
so immediately dangerous. When taking ||
leave of a Cherokee sister in the church, she said, “Pray much—live near to God. I expect our next meeting will be in heaven, farewell.” Unable to say more, she said in conversation with a missionary sister, “Yesterday was the happiest day of my life.” The following morning, her symptoms were more favorable. I spoke with her on the prospect of her recovering. She said, “I have been thinking about it, and it seems to me best that I should go now. This seems to be the best time.” On a following day, a christian friend conversing with her, and expressing his hope, that she would recover, she said, “I hope I shall be patient, to wait God's time. I have my mind made up to go— the Lord's will be done—my Savior is all to me. In this state of mind she continued four weeks. She truly waited patiently God's time. The day before her death, seeing that a change had taken place, and believing that she was dying, I asked if she knew it. She answered, “Yes.” I asked, can you think of the Savior now. Her answer was, “Precious—precious--precious Savior—he has done all for me. I shall soon be with him—by his side, and then how happy shall I be.” I asked her if she would like to see the children? “Perhaps I can see them—but do not know as I can speak to them.” They were called to her bedside, she spoke to the three oldest, distinguishing, and giving them individual instruction and her dying request. She then spake to them collectively, giving them general instruction. Afterwards she kissed them, addressing to each a dying word, ending with an emphatic farewell. She then closed her eyes with the utmost calmness. She seemed especially strengthened for this last effort, with and for her children. She soon said she should like to have them sing, if they could compose their minds to do it, with some of the attendants. ... We sung “Hark my soul, it is the
Lord;” and subsequently, at her request, we sung, “Come thou fount of every blessing:” and afterwards, “How firm a foundation ye saints of the Lord;”—all of which she appeared to hear and understand.
Two or three of the disaffected members have returned to us by confession, and have been restored to the fellowship of the church. We have rather better attendance on divine worship now than we have had. When I visited Alleghany, about two weeks since, the place of worship was full of apparently attentive hearers. Mr. Hall informed me that some persons living eight or ten miles from his house, came on purpose to attend a prayer meeting on Wednesday evening. Several spoke and confessed their sins, and much feeling was exhibited. The names of several persons were given, who wish to unite with the church, when a convenient opportunity shall present itself. On the whole there seems to be some indications that the Spirit of God is about to return among us.
In view of the present calm state of mind, and the favorable appearances, Mr. Wright and myself design to spend several days together on each of the three reservations, hoping to make some good impressions respecting the gospel of Christ.
Respecting the appearance and conduct of
the Indians, at the general convention of the churches from the several reservations, held at Cattaraugus, in February last, Mr. Wright remarks—
There appeared to be great unanimity of feeling on the part of all present. Much more so than could have been expected. It seems as if by common consent the land question and all other subjects of dispute had been laid aside, and all parties were resolved to enjoy, at least for a few days, the luxury of feeling once more that they had a common interest and a common bond of union. There was also much of what may o, be called a business-doing spirit.
he improvement in this respect has been very great. Indeed so great that few business meetings of any description among white people are conducted with greater regularity than this last meeting of our convention. The habits of discussion in which the Indians have been brought up, and especially the hindrance occasioned by having all important matters interpreted, militate very much against despatch; but in the whole progress of the meeting I do not recollect an instance of disorderly proceeding, although all business was done under the direction and superintendence of the Indian presiding officers. It seenis to be the aim of all to learn and put in practice the best mode of transacting business in deliberative assemblies. The details of the meeting would be uninteresting. But the substance of the more important proceedings will be given.
A resolution passed last year appropriating all the money contributed at monthly concert during the year to the benefit of our pagans, instead of sending it to the western Indians, as heretofore. The people at Alleghany had raised $9,80—at Cattaraugus $21,38—at Buffalo $16,37—in all $47,55. The church members at Tuscarora contributed $16 previous to the month of October.
Under date of April 3d, Mr. Hall, teacher and catechist on the Alleghany reservation, writes—
The state of religion in the Indian church on this reservation is as promising, and I think more so, than it is in the neighboring churches among the whites, though nothing very special appears to be upon their mind. During the first of the winter the hearts of Christians seemed to be enlarged, and impenitent sinners were somewhat anxious; but I fear that that season of refreshing from the
presence of the Lord was not improved by us as it should have been; for although many sinners confessed, few, I fear very few, repented. Mr. Bliss from Cattaraugus visited us at the time just referred to; and after he had pronounced the blessing one man voluntarily arose, almost overpowered with feeling, and made some remarks, the purport of which was, that he had been and then was a great sinner, and was justly exposed to the anger of God. He afterwards came nearly six miles to attend evening meetings at the school-house, and is now I trust rejoicing in hope. I did not use any special revival measures with the people; but I believe that if a proper amount of ministerial labor had been bestowed at that time, there might have been no inconsiderable ingathering of souls. When Mr. Bliss was here last he added five to the church by profession of faith; and expects to add several more the next opportunity.
Schools.-I have had from twenty to fifty-five scholars. During the season past from five to sixteen of them have been whites. My average number for the whole time has been about twentyfive Indians and five or six whites. My scholars generally are very tractable and appear to want nothing but proper culture and the saving influence of divine grace to make them substantial, influential, and useful members of society when arrived to manhood.
Another school is taught on the Alleghany reservation, attended by about fifteen pupils. —The school at Cattaraugus has 25 or 30 pupils.-On the reservation near Buffalo there have been two schools during the past winter, containing together between 60 and 70 pupils; the improvement of whom has been good.
By a letter dated May 28th, intelligence is received that the mission premises on the Alleghany reservation, consisting of a dwellinghouse and school-house, under the same roof, occupied by Mr. Hall, were consumed by fire on the 18th of May. The fire had been raging in the fields and woodland in the vicinity. A sudden change and increase of the wind brought the sparks upon the house and some combustible materials lying near; and so rapid was the progress of the flames that the inmates had barely time to escape. One little Indian boy, who could not be seasonably rescued, was consumed, as were all the furniture and clothing of the family.
milssions or the church Mission Arty society in Nortthern in DIA.
MR. Weitbrecht, missionary at Kishnaghur, relates the following instances of the
Degrading Influence of Idolatry.
Aug. 15th, 1833. This morning we accompanied capt. Vetch into the jungle (wood): we rode upon elephants. Three hundred prisoners, furnished with axes, hoes, and other tools commenced opening a passage through the wilds: others carried soil, to raise the ground intended for the new road. In the afternoon, we went to the market-place. My catechist, Shundor, read the history of the prodigal son; which I explained, and applied to the people. Those who could read, received tracts; and to a few, who seemed more serious than the rest, I gave the gospel of St. Luke: the people behaved very politely. From thence we went to another part of the village. Here we found about a thousand Hindoos, of every age, assembled: they were celebrating a festival in honor of Monusa, the creator and patroness deity of snakes, and every beast creeping on its belly. Her image was carried about upon a bier, by four men: she is represented sitting on a throne, holding two poisonous serpents in her hand, their tails being wound round her neck. The noise of the besotted crowd was deafening. Fain would I have addressed them on a subject more glorious than that in which they were exulting; but there was no hearing to be expected. An old man raised the attention of the multitude by singing a muntra or charm: a chorus of singers soon joined him. In the mean while, he opened a basket, from which a snake of the most poisonous kind slowly raised its head; and, to my surprise, the animal appeared charmed by the song, so as to direct its motions according to the melody of the singers; sometimes showing its tongue, and, with a whizzing noise, darting upon its master. Another part of the idolatrous ceremony was acted by a number of boys, holding earthen pots, with flowers and leaves, upon their heads. With their eyes shut, and arms raised above the head, to support the pot, they moved round in a circle, nodding with their heads, and staggering in a manner which made me think that they had been made drunk previous to the commencement of the ceremony. I pitied the poor creatures when they fell to the ground and wallowed in the mire: however, afterward, the people gave me to understand, that even this beastly act constituted a part of the religious ceremonies of this festival
Oct. 22. The festival of the goddess Kalee is celebrated to-day. I drove, with the Rev. J. T. Linke, to the village: on entering which, we were soon surrounded by people of every age, and women likewise, the sight of whom is rather rare here: they were just returning from the dance, before the image of the idol. I read to them Col. iii.: “If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above.” I explained the first verses, in a simple and intelligible manner; endeavoring particularly to impress on the people the importance of the apostolic exhortation, to “seek those things which are above;” and showing, that, in their subjection to idolatry, and every kind of vice attending it, they could never obtain peace in their souls, nor find salvation in another world. For a while, they all listened with great attention. At last, an old brahmin said, “All you have now told us is good, and may be true; but you must not expect to make any impression upon us. Never shall we agree together on points of religion: we are, and will remain, Hindoos, and will keep to the faith of our fathers, in the same way as you Christians are cleaving to yours: accordingly, your preaching to us is in vain.” I answered, in conclusion, “I preach to you this gospel in the name, and upon the command, of that God who created you and me, and who will not that any man should perish. You acknowledge that the doctrine I have delivered is good and true: if you reject it, it will be a witness against you before the judgment-seat of him who sent it for your good, in that awful day when every man will receive according to his work.” On our return home, Mr. Linke told me, that an old man, on hearing me pronounce the name of Jesus Christ, pushed his friend who was standing by, and went away with indignation. So hateful is the very name of Jesus to them, that the very sound of it is, to many, a signal to go away as fast as possible. It was now night. We walked through the village. Hearing a great noise, with music, we followed the sound; and came to a house, evidently belonging to a wealthy Hindoo. In the court-yard, a motley group of men, women, and children, were assembled, who stared at the idol, which was illuminated by lamps: a chorus of young people were dancing to the boisterous sound of drums: the night was moonlight. It was suffocating to be among the throng of people, who seemed intoxicated from dance and riot.
A real synagogue of Satan is such a place: here he literally receives offerings and worship from his devoted subjects. The Christian rejoices in the prospects of the glorious time approaching, when Jesus shall be adored by every nation, and in every tongue. A view of these heathen festivals, in the interior of Bengal, where idolatry, vice and superstition are still exhibited in their strongest features, have a strong tendency to becloud such glorious prospects, and to fill the heart with sorrow and grief. We have, indeed, need of patience; and how comforting the word, that, after having “done the will of God,” we shall “receive the promise! For yet a little while and he that shall come, will come, and will not tarry.” Even so, come quickly, Lord Jesus!
Attachment to Caste and Superstitious Opinions.
Mr. Kruckeberg, connected with the same mission, under date of January 18th, 1834, gives the following account—
Had conversation with Baboo or Molwee. Speaking of his temporal affairs, he said, “When I had a situation and money, I took a wife; but now, all is gone, except the wife and children.” I advised him to make Jesus Christ his friend, and pray to him: perhaps he would help him to bread again. He replied, that Jesus had long since been his friend; but that he could not call him God. I assured him that I could from my heart call him God; and that I felt happy because I knew him to be my Redeemer and friend. He said that he would never agree with me on this point; but, if I liked we would go to the judge, and let him decide between us. I replied, that only God could settle this matter. Sitting at my table at dinner, I offered him something; but, of course, he refused to touch it. He, however, called for some water; which being brought, he took out of doors, to drink it there out of his own vessel. “What a bondage you are in,” I said. “Yes,” he replied: “but this is only on account of the people, who, if they see me touch any tiling of yours, will betray me; and I shall lose my caste.” Once he of. fered me a gold ring, which of course I refused to take; and at another time he wanted some money of me, which I did not give him, for I had none. Now he comes but seldom to me.
March 30. Easter Sunday. Assembled as usual with my people for divine worship. I gave them the epistle of the morning to read and consider during the day. At evening service I explained it to them, with an application. Went to Chausarack, to have some conversation with the people. Stopped at a number of newly-made images, which were to serve for a festival near at hand. I told the crowd assembled about me, near a ditch, that I did not see that those images were of any use. “You see,” I said, “they are but mud.” “Yes,” replied one, “as we also are but mud.” -“True,” I said, “but animated by an intelligent and immortal soul.” “This will also be
animated,” he replied.—“By what, and how?” “By the great God.”—“Where do you learn this?” “From the Shasters.”—“They tell you things which never were nor will be. God is not matter, that he can be distributed into different pieces of mud. And though this could be, on what authority can you say that he ever did, or will do so?” “To this,” he said, “I cannot reply.” The catechist being with me, then put some questions to him; on which a dispute arose about the finite spirit and the infinite Spirit; that is, the human soul and the Creator, between whom the Hindoo does not admit a different nature. Overcome, he asked who Jesus was. The catechist replied, that he was the Son of God, and Redeemer of mankind: to which I added, that he is also their Redeemer, ready to save them, if willing to be saved, from the pit of ignorance and sin.
CHURCH Mission in the w Est in DIEs.
THE missionary societies in the British islands are prosecuting their operations among the recently emancipated colored population of the West Indies and Guiana with much vigor and apparent success. The number of missionaries has been greatly increased; schools have been established, congregations and churches collected; and all the means for exerting a salutary christian influence seem to be used with very encouraging prospects. The Rev. Mr. Betts commenced his labors on the island of Jamaica on the first of August, 1834. Early in October he gives the following account of the
Thirst of the Negroes for Religious Instruction.
I began my ministry at Knockalva on the memorable day of freedom, the first of August, by preaching in the chapel to an overflowing congregation, from John viii, 36. I think there were about 500 persons present, chiefly negroes. Numbers could not gain admittance. I have, since that time, held divine service there every Sunday but one; and, up to this time, the congregation continues to fill the chapel, which I think would be filled if it were as large again. The people are very orderly and attentive; and many show thankfulness for instruction.
I have two services on the Sabbath in the chapel; and have also commenced a Sunday school, for the benefit of those young persons, above six years, who are at work during the week. The attendance bids fair to be as large as the chapel will admit.
Every evening, about fifty of the negroes of this Pen attend our family worship; when I expound a portion of St. Matthew's gospel. We have also a day school here, which was opened on the seventh of last month. There are now fifty children on the books, chiefly