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ed. During the year now under review, great and decisive progress has been made in the same course. In October last were formed “The Foreign Missionary Society of the Western Reserve,” and “The Foreign Missionary Society of the Valley of the Mississippi,”—the former designed for the northern part of the State of Ohio and the Territory of Michigan, the latter to combine all who shall choose to be connected with it in the portion of our country west of the Allegany mountains. Also in October last was formed “The Central Board of Foreign Missions,” for the States of Virginia and North Carolina; and in December was formed “The Southern Board of Foreign Missions,” for the States of South Carolina and Georgia.
Already have very happy results followed the constituting of these helpers in our arduous and benevolent work.
Rev. HARVEY CoE, the Secretary of the Society of the Western Reserve, thus writes respecting the results of his agency—
The cause of Foreign Missions has certainly received a new impulse the past year, within my field, and is now, to a considerable extent, a very popular object. I have presented the subject, in many places, for the first time; in some instances to churches not one year old, consisting of from ten to twenty members. I have presented it in a log school-house, standing in the woods; and I presume they gave as much, on the gospel scale of estimation, as the city of Boston. I cannot tell definitely, but full S5,000 have been subscribed within my field during the year.
Already has the Society of the Valley of the Mississippi, a State auxiliary in Kentucky, and another in Indiana, which have commenced operations under favorable auspices, and has an agent for each of those States, and another for the States of Illinois and Missouri. In reference to the progress of the cause, generally, in this interesting region, the Rev. Mr. BULLARD, its Secretary, and General Agent of the Board in the same region, observes—
There has been a great increase of missionary spirit among the students of our literary and theological institutions, during the year. And there are many among the private members of our churches, who are beginning seriously and prayerfully to inquire whether it is not their duty to spend the remainder of their days among the heathen. Settled pastors, too, are beginning to consider, whether it is their duty to remain in America, when so many millions are perishing for lack of knowl
With one or two exceptions, every church I have visited twice, has given more the second time than the first. And this has been done notwithstanding the severe pecuniary pressure, which has been felt more generally in the West than in any other part of the land.
But the interest manifested for the perishing heathen by our children and youth is the brightest spot in my field of labor.
The Central and Southern Boards of Foreign Missions have been formed in sections of the country, distinguished for liberality, where there had previously been no general organization, and comparatively little effort, for the promotion of this great work. Both the Boards of which we are now speaking have commenced operations with vigor. Owing to particular circumstances, the organization of the Central Board, was not completed until March last. At their first meeting, they appointed as their Secretary, the Rev. William J. ARMstroNG, for some time pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Richmond, Va. He has accepted the office, and has entered upon his work, and meets with unanticipated encouragement and success. The Central Board, in the six months since its organization, during the latter half of which time only have any efforts been made in its behalf in the form of agency, has, besides defraying its own expenses, paid into our treasury about $2,000. The Southern Board has not yet obtained a Secretary. The amount paid into our treasury by this Board, since its formation, after defraying its own expenses, is $3,457, 12. The New England States, which have hitherto constituted one agency field, have been divided into two, and the Rev. R. C. HAND, who has labored with acceptance and success for nearly two years, as assistant agent in the State of New York, has been appointed General Agent for the States of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont; the Rev. Mr. BARD well, henceforth to have for his field the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut. The Board of Foreign Missions of the Reformed Dutch Church has, since its formation in June, 1832, employed no agents. Meanwhile, the liberality, chiefly spontaneous, of the congregations in the Reformed Dutch connection, has, during the year, furnished our treasury $3,485 34. In the State of New York, the Rev. Dr. Pohrer has devoted a part of his time, chiefly along the North River, and with his usual acceptableness and success, to obtaining funds for the Board; and the Rev. R. C. Haxo, and the Rev.
CHA Uxcey Eddy, have devoted their
whole time to agency service in behalf of the Board, in different parts of the State.
Mr. Eddy, General Agent for the State of New York, observes in his report—
Every where the feeling is prevalent and decided, that the actual wants of the Board. however rapidly they may be increased by enlargement of operation, can be, and will be, met. In revisiting the churches which I addressed last year, the cordiality with which I am welcomed, and the liberal responses to my solicitations, go far towards making up for the severe labors, sacrifices and trials which belong to the service.
The Rev. HoRAtio BARD well, General Agent for New England, closes his report for the year with the following remarks—
The number of pious young men in academies, colleges, and theological seminaries, who are looking forward to the missionary work, is greater than in any preceding year. The novelty of the missionary enterprise has passed away, but the sacred cause of converting the world to Christ is still cherished, and with increasing interest. But while this is the fact, and while there is great occasion to bless God for the growing zeal and activity we are permitted to witness, there is much to be done, even among the most favored churches in our land, or we shall fail in the great object in which we have embarked.
In tracing these arrangements, and their influences and results, for carrying forward that important part of the business of Foreign Missions which is to be done at home, the Board, in common with the Committee, must have been impressed with the obligation imposed on us of gratitude to God for the extended confidence of his people, given us for prosecuting with vigor the great and benevolent enterprise in which we are engaged, and of strict impartiality and fidelity in executing our high trust.
During the year many thousands of the Missionary and Quarterly Papers of the Board have been distributed in all parts of the country; and the circulation of the Missionary Herald has increased from about thirteen to above fifteen thousand; and the numerous religious periodicals of the country have exerted a more decided and efficient influence than eve- -e in behalf of Foreign Moe
On the evening of the Sabbath which followed the last meeting of the Board, Mr. Wilson received his instructions from the Prudential Committee. The next day he proceeded to Baltimore, to make arrangements for sailing in a vessel about to be despatched by the Colonization Society of the State of Maryland to Cape Palmas. He was accompanied by Mr. Stephen R. Wyncoop, who offered to assist in the somewhat perilous enterprise of exploring the ground. These brethren embarked at Baltimore on the 28th of November: touched at Monrovia about the last of January; thence proceeded to Cape Palmas; left the coast on the 9th of March, and arrived in New York on the 13th of April; having experienced much of the goodness of the Lord, both on their voyages, and while on the coast of Africa.
Their inquiries extended from Grand Cape Mount, which is northward of Liberia, to Cape Palmas, a distance of about 300 miles. The principal places visited were Cape Mount, Monrovia, Caldwell, Grand Bassa, Grand Sesters, Rock Town, and Cape Palmas. Besides, they had an opportunity for personal interviews with the chief men of all the
more important intermediate towns.
They represent the desire for schools as being general and strong among the people. The maritime tribes are all pagans, and on the lowest grade of superstition. The spot determined upon for the commencement of our mission in western Africa, is Cape Palmas, which promises to be more healthful than Liberia. Upon two points, and only two, of the long coast of western Africa, has the church made an effort to enter that part of the continent; and at these two points the climate has proved fatal to an unusual proportion of her missionaries. We have heard from travellers, that other parts of the coast are dangerous to the European constitution, and no doubt this is true; but what traveller, it may be asked, of all who have attempted to enter Africa from the west, ever died upon the coast? And in respect to how large a portion of those who have lost their lives in western Africa, may their death be traced to rash exposure, or to the hand of violence! The Committee enter upon this mission with the hope and expectation of extending it both along the coast and into the inland countries; and with a view to such an extension, the mission is authorized to commence a boarding-school, in addition to common schools, with the design to educate colored youth for helpers to the mission in the work of publishing the gospel to the native population.—Mr. Wilson and his wife, and a colored teacher, re-embarked for Cape Palmas at New York Nov. 7th.
Mission. To south EASTERN AFRICA.
The Committee have made arrangements for commencing a mission among the Zoolahs of southeastern Africa, and for commencing it simultaneously in the two separate communities, into which that people is at present divided. The part which is destined for the maritime community, situated between Port Natal and Delagoa Bay, will probably be landed at Port Natal. The other, destined to the interior, must go by the way of Cape Town. The Zoolahs all speak the same language, and till recently were under the same head.
Rev. Daniel Lindley, Mirsionary: Rev. Alexander E. Wilson. M. D., of siomaru and Physician; Rev.
is enry I. Venable, Missionary; with their wives; who are to occupy one of the posts named above: and Rev. Aldin Grout, Missionary; Rev. George ( ham
pion. Missionary; and Doct. Newton Adams, Physirian; with their wives; who are to occupy the other, cmbarked at Boston, Dec. 3, 1834.
Athens.—Jonas King, D. D., Missionary, and wife. Argos.-Elias Riggs, Missionary, and wife.
Copies of the laws respecting religion and common schools, and also the press, have been received. The Greek church within the kingdom of Greece is made independent of the patriarch of Constantinople, and is closely connected with the state, as the established religion of the kingdom. The highest ecclesiastical authority is vested, under the king, in a permanent council, bearing the name of the “Holy Council of the kingdom of Greece.” The laws concerning common schools in Greece were published in February of the present year, and are embraced in eighty-three articles. They evince a laudable disposition on the part of the government to extend the benefits of a common education to all the people; and the means by which it aims to do this, appear to be wisely adapted, in general, to the present circumstances and character of the Greeks. Mr. Riggs left Athens, with his family, in May last, intending to remove to Argos in the Peloponnesus. One of the objects he has in view at Argos, is to open a school for females. Within the ten months which this report includes, Messrs. King and Riggs sold or distributed gratuitously 8,251 school-books and tracts in modern Greek, 326 New Testaments and Psalters, 19 copies of the Pentateuch and book of Joshua, and one Turkish Bible and one Turkish New Testament. The suppl of New Testaments has been i. but the mission will soon be in possession of an ample store from the new edition printed by the American Bible Society. Our schools in Athens (which city has been made the seat of government,) are less in number than in former years, but have assumed a higher character and more systematic form. Our schoolbooks, too, of which great numbers are now in use in the Greek schools, are generally approved by the people who use them. The female school, which had a regular attendance of from 40 to 50 scholars, appears to have been suspended in May 1833. The two schools which have been continued in existence, are designed for the other sex. The higher school is called the Evangelical Gymnasium, and the other the Elementary School. A month after the publication of the plan, the gymnasium contained sixty-six
scholars, and the preparatory school seventy-six. The number in the latter school was afterwards still greater. Mr. Riggs completed a course of lessons on the evidences of Christianity with the first class in the gymnasium, on the last day of December. He also went through with an epitome of the Old Testament history in the first three months of the present year; and had, besides, a Sabbath school composed of members of the preparatory school. Mr. King gave lessons in the gymnasium twice a week— once on the historical parts of the Old Testament, and once on the doctrinal parts of the New. In April, during the absence of Mr. Riggs, he gave lessons, historical, exegetical, and didactic, six times a week in the Scriptures. His Greek preaching on the Sabbath, in his own house, he has continued as usual. The Committee have received information of the enactment of a law by the Greek government, in which the Scriptures and the most important publications of all the missionary presses are prescribed as among the books to be used in the schools throughout the country. On the whole, our brethren in Greece see many things to encourage them, but still are obliged to walk more by faith than by sight. So it is, indeed, in respect to the evangelical labors of the church in every part of the earth. Most that the eye sees is discouraging, but all that faith receives is in the highest degree animating; and faith is our appropriate guide in the missionary enterprise.
Willian Goodell, H. G. O. Dwight, and William G. Schauffler, Missionaries; and their wives.
Mr. Goodell's intercourse with the people is chiefly through the medium of the Turkish language, which, however, gives him access to Greeks and Armenians, not less than to the Turks. Mr. Dwight devotes his time more especially to the Armenians, among whom he is preparing to exert a salutary influence by the acquisition of the Armenian language, which is their favorite national tongue. Mr. Schauffler is a missionary to the Jews.
The proceedings of the past year will be briefly related under the heads of Greeks—.Armenians—Turks—Jews—and Tours for observation.
GREEks,—The schools have been continued on nearly the same scale as during the past year. A school has been
opened for girls at Pera, the principal || society of young men in Constantino
suburb of Constantinople, and in April last contained more than fifty pupils. It was the only school for girls known to exist in the city or its vicinity. Mr. Paspati, one of the Greek young men educated by the Board at Amherst college, is highly valued as an assistant. ARMEN1ANs.-The Armenians have many schools of their own in Constantinople and its neighborhood. A great and good work will be achieved, if new and approved methods of instruction can be substituted for the old, which impart few ideas of any kind, and have scarcely any tendency to awaken the power of thought. In order to this it was necessary that the Lancasterian system should be translated, and appropriate cards provided. An entire set of cards for spelling and reading has been completed, amounting to 127 in all. Mr. Dwight has also commenced the preparation of a school geography in the vulgar ArIneillail. In spelling-books, reading-books, arithmetics, and grammars, in the modern language, the Armenians are found to be already well supplied. They have also works in geometry, trigonometry, etc.; so that the necessary preparatory work devolving upon us in respect to schools, is much #." than was expected. It is in contemplation to prepare a version of the Psalms into modern Armenian. A Lancasterian school has been commenced among the Armenians of Pera, which contained twenty-seven scholars in December, two of whom were priests. It is instructed by an Armenian, who gives much evidence of possessing piety. There is a strong disposition among the more affluent and influential Armenians of Constantinople to have their clergy better educated. Several years ago the synod determined, that no candidate for the office of priesthood should receive ordination until he had finished a course of study with Peshtimaljan, who is at the head of the Armenian academy at Constantinople. At the close of last year fifteen comparatively well educated men were inducted into the sacred office. Two young Armenian teachers appear to be humble followers of the Lord Jesus. One of them is teaching the Lancasterian school among his countrymen in Pera; the other is employed in translating the Psalms into the modern Annenian. Both spend some time daily with a select class in reading and expounding the Scriptures. They do the same several times a week with a select
ple. And even Peshtimaljan, mentioned above, has commenced the same prac|tice every evening with a class of his own students.
TURKs.—Our brethren have been honored as the means, in the hands of God, of introducing a new and valuable system of education among them. Distinguished Mussulmans had repeatedly visited some of the Greek schools, and expressed high approbation of them. By direction of Ahmed Pasha, one of the Sultan's ministers, a room was then fitted up for the purpose of making trial of the Lancasterian system upon some of the young soldiers in the barracks, and application was made to our missionaries for assistance in preparing the necessary cards, books, etc. This assistance was of course most cheerfully rendered. | Paniyotes, already mentioned, prepared lessons for them, consisting chiefly of proverbs, and short remarks. A learned Turk translated two of the Arabic schoolbooks into Turkish. Mr. Dwight immediately addressed himself to the work of preparing a geography.
On the third of last March, Mr. Goodell wrote that the Lancasterian schools in the barracks were seven in number, in which not less than 2,000 Mussulman youth were enjoying the advantages of education.