« FöregåendeFortsätt »
Camden, Me. La. asso. 19 28
.Amount of donations acknowledged in the preceding
lists, 89,926 79. Total of donations
from .4ugust 1st, to
and legacies October 10th, $19,405 22.
Charleston, Juv. miss. so. 134,22; fem. miss. so. of 2d presb. chh.. to constitute. Mrs. Thomas SMrrh an Honorary Member of the Board, 100; mon, con, in do. 32,02; do. in circular chh. 45,50; d.o. in 3d presb. chh. 19.25; asso. in do. 268; ladies of do. 50; an indiv. for cir. of the scrip. in Persia, 10; Rev. Z. Rogers, which constitutes him an Honorary Member of the Bourd, 50, ladies, to constitute. Rev. A., Gio clinist an Honorary Member of the Board, 50, P. F. Eve, 5; a servant girl. 1; Fairview chh.. for Ahmednuggur, 25; James Island, Mon, con. 12,50; Cheraw. A mem. of presb. chh. 5; Walterboro’, A friend, 11; Columbia, La., to constitute A. W. LeLAND, D. D. and Rev. GroßGr Hows Honorary Members of the Board, 100; a friend, 5; Stoney Creek, Cong. .35: Columbus, Ga. Presb. chh. 10; Beach Island. Ladies and children, 30; $1,018 40
It will be recollected that the extracts from the journal of Mr. Champion inserted in the last number, left him prosecuting a tour among some of the villages and missionary stations a few days’ ride back of Cape Town. Additional extracts from his journal while on this tour will now be given.
Tulbagh—Missions in the Vicinity.
March 17, 1825. Tulbagh has two villages. The one in which I write this is situated in an amphitheatre of mountains. The principal street is not far from a stream. On one side of the street are the thatched houses, and on the other gardens (in which are grapos, figs, pears, tomatoes, etc.,) descending gradually to the river. The Rev. Mr. Zahn, of the Rhenish Missionary Society, has his station here. He has a small chapel which he uses for a school-room. He has a delightful infant school of thirty or forty lively children, of every cast of complexion; also an evening school.
18. The Hottentots away from the mission stations are very degraded. Today I have seen a native hut. It is thatched with flags, in the shape of a roof of a house, with little or no furniture, beds of a single sheep-skin, etc., and covered with dirt, from which bushes are growing. The kitchen was not far off in which were two pitiable objects, one of them a Bushman woman, the cook for the Hottentot family. She was very small in size, though she bore all the marks of age. The Hottentot is known
by his sallow complexion, resembling the color of a fallen leaf of autumn. The hair is in knots upon the head. The cheek-bones are quite prominent; the forehead is broad; and the face tapers from the cheek-bones downward. Around the hut was the flock of goats, the horse, the fold, the threshing-floor, and oven.
19. Returning we were at the Paarl on the occasion of choosing a precentor in the Dutch church. This, o that of the predihaut (or preacher), is f salaried office, and is for life. The salary makes it quite an object of ambition. The precentor reads the Bible in the absence of . the minister, and leads in singing. There were seven or eight candidates. Each was called to read and sing in presence of the people, and the best on those points, in the opinion of the pastor and his elders, will be chosen.
The Paarl has been a missionary station ever since the arrival of Mr. Campbell, in 1812. He found quite a number of pious people here, who were doing something for the slaves, and proposed to send a missionary of the London Society to them. This was done, but he was placed under a board of Dutch directors. At first the missionary was supported by the people here, but now that the slaves have gained their freedom through the missionaries, as the slave owners believe, the missionary receives but about a quarter of his support from the villages. He is also harassed by his board of directors. It is a singular fact that no where will the Dutch allow their slaves to be preached to, unless they have had a previous service themselves. Why is this? Because they have heretofore regarded the slaves as an inferior class of beings, and religious instruction as a
means of raising them to a level with
themselves. Hence there is great oppo
sition to their being baptised, or allowed
the rights of a christian burial. To call
a slave a Christian, is in their eyes
synonymous with making him a white
man; for the term has that meaning in
this country. The missionary has anoth
er hindrance. The slaves are so con
stantly occupied that the missionary can
not visit them. To notice them in this
way would be horrible in the eyes of their masters. Notwithstanding these
difficulties, still the concerns of Mr. El
liot's station are in a flourishing condi
tion. He has three schools, in which are
about 300 scholars. It is very interesting to see in them pupils of every age; an old woman with spectacles in a class of eight or ten who might seem to be her children, reading easy lessons; a man of forty or fifty, perhaps, in a class reading
words of two letters. Now that a pros
pect of freedom is held out, many are anxious to learn. The slaves seem to be
very grateful for the efforts made in their behalf. We sat down one Sabbath with the little church of twenty or thirty at the table of the Lord. It was truly sweet, in these ends of the earth, to commune
for the first time, with those gathered out from apong the heathen. Mr. E. has
four or five preaching places in the vicin
ity, one fifteen miles distant, besides his chapel in the village. He is literally
abundant in labors; and though opposed
and persecuted, his work is not in vain
in the Lord. When we left the Paarl
we had several tokens of regard from the
poor slaves, and many a hearty wish of success.
..?pril 9. We were now to cross the range of mountains before alluded to, on our way to Genadendal. From the valley we could see the road stretching obliquely along the mountain's side for as much as two miles. We were one hour and a quarter in ascending. In many places had a wagon met us, we should have been in a sad predicament. Cases have been known where unruly bullocks have thrown themselves and all belonging to them down the steep. At last we reached the top, with much beating and hallooing, and resting on the part of our drivers. The sun had gone down and the stars were coming forth. Here began the sublime. But it is in vain for me to attempt to apply words to it. We commenced descending. The road wound up among the hills, where the rocks presented themselves in every
fantastic shape, and then down by the side of frightful ravines, where 400 or 500 feet below us was a murmuring streamlet seeming like silver, as the light from above shone upon it. Having reached the foot we put up for the night at the toll-house. 10. This morning after starting we met seventeen ox wagons, each having eight or ten yoke of oxen. From a high ground we descried the sea, twenty miles distant, foaming upon the shore. Saw many of the animal creation. At about four, P. M., we had ascended some high land, and what should burst upon our view but Genadendal in the vale below, with its pretty church, and cottages stretching along both sides of its stream of water, and its green gardens interspersed in every direction;–Genadendal rendered what it is by Hottentots, described by some writers to be but the connecting link between man and brute. On entering the village, Mr. Halbeck, the superintendent, soon appeared and received us very cordially, showing us at once to the house provided for the reception of strangers. This we entered and blessed God for having preserved us from the dangers of the rivers and mountains, and brought us in safety to this vale of grace, (Genade, grace—dal, valley,) the spot where Schmit labored and prayed, the first missionary sent by protestants to the aborigines of Africa. We found we could not expect to see the place under so good advantages as at some other seasons. The fine fruits had just appeared, and 120 of the nerve of the population were engaged in the war in Caffreland.—One of the first things of which Mr. Halbeck spoke, was his infant school. We were very much pleased with his mode of managing it. It contained 114 pupils. All were regular. Parents and children are all very much attached to it. He stated that sometimes the mothers would come to bring an excuse for a sick child, and the child would leave home instantly, and by another street reach the school-room before its mother, and take its place among the scholars. The parents would often bring their children in their arms, if they could not come. He has accustomed the little things to think for themselves. Once he put the question, What is there in the world that God did not make? One instantly answered, “sin.” Schmit's pear-tree was one of the first objects which we desired to see. I felt a peculiar sensation of awe coming over me as I stood under what was once a wide-spreading tree. I thought of
Schmit's school and congregation that once was collected under its shade; of the prayers of that holy man on this very ground of his trials; of his detention in Europe when he would have returned; his death in his closet while pleading for the Hottentots at the appointed hour; and now all that then existed had vanished, save the pear-tree and two testaments found in the possession of two Hottentots when the mission was re-established in 1792. But Schmit's prayers and labors had not been in vain. See this village of 1,400 inhabitants, and this church of five or six hundred members, in answer to his prayers! Lord, may I never be faithless, but go forth bearing the seed, assured that at last the sheaves will be gathered in. The pear-tree cannot live long. However it is yet fruitful, having borne the last season twenty-four bushels of fine large fruit. The 14th of February, 1-36, will complete one hundred years since the first establishment of this station. This evening I attended the exercise in the church, where there is one each evening in the week. The harmonious voices of the Hottentots combined with the solemn tones of the organ, as they resounded through the spacious building, were truly delightful. As I looked upon my yellow-faced brethren and sisters, and recollected that were it not for Genadendal they would be dispersed over the country the victims of intemperance, and subject to the most cruel oppression, I could not but bless God for putting it in the hearts of his people to send missionaries to the heathen. 11. The Moravians are early risers. Six is the hour for rising at this season, when all the missionaries and their wives assemble in their commons for a cup of coffee, and to learn the verse of Scripture for the day. This is the mode practised at all their stations. They all eat at the same table, though they live in separate houses. At present there are here six missionaries and assistant missionaries, with their wives, and an aged matron, sister Korkammer, now seventy-eight years old, who had been in Labrador and the West Indies, and came out hither soon after the establishment of the mission to superintend domestic affairs. Much love seemed to prevail among them all, as they sat down to partake of their frugal meals. coffee there is often some meeting in the chapel. The missionaries unite in their
After the cup of
hour is allowed for sleep. Then a cup of coffee is taken, and the work goes on. Supper at six, and soon after an hour's service in chapel, after which all is perfectly still at Genadendal. The brethren say grace by singing a hymn. This morning Mr. H. called the men together, as he had received an order, not officially, from a magistrate, requiring fifty more men for the war. He complained of it as oppressive, since the farmers in the vicinity who were dependent on them as laborers would rise up as a man against the measure, and their services were needed also at home. Howbeit, he laid the letter before the people, and asked for an answer. It was affecting to see the women with the children standing behind their husbands and fathers that they expected would be called away to fight, perhaps to fall, some with tears in their eyes. The men at last said in great simplicity, that they would answer the letter by sending the In eil. The supply of water, a desideratum for the want of which mission stations in Africa have suffered extremely, is abundant. There are three fountains in the vicinity. Far up in the Kloof of Baboons, the principal stream has been turned from its channel, and directed along the mountain's side for the distance of a mile. It first is led out to irrigate the mission premises, and then flows over the gardens of the Hottentots in the valley below. The stream is sufficient to turn the wheel of a grist-mill, which is superintended by one of the brethren, and to which the farmers around come for their meal. There is also a tannery conducted by a Hottentot, on which the country around depend for leather for trowsers and for other purposes. There is a smithy superintended by one of the brethren, from which we saw some kinds of cutlery very neatly finished. There is also a carpenter’s shop; one of the brethren is a watch-maker;-in short, a missionary in this country must be accustomed to all kinds of work. Several of the Hottentots are masons and blacksmiths, and have amassed by their labors a little fortune. In short, Genadenda! has the means of subsistence so much now within itself, that for several years it has been no expense to the society at home. Still we cannot but think, while we look over the whole of Genadendal, and rejoice heartily at what has been done, that perhaps a
family devotions; in an hour breakfast is | ready; then the concerns of the station. go on till noon. After dinner one half
different principle from the one here acted on would present the village in a far more lovely aspect. The glory of the