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the family of mankind, and forbidden the op: proach of the friendly foreigner? No, that voice was never heard in China, much less did it call for the existing state of immurement. Let the almost uninterrupted intercourse with unofficial natives on the coast, during the last three years, answer! Let the unvarying deportment of the people towards strangers, when freed for a moment from official influence, speak. These experiments all utter one language, and that is, that the people are peculiarly disposed to cultivate friendly relations with foreigners. We do not speak of a growing public sentiment in China, as in other countries, which is soon to burst forth in a universal call for rational liberty and the natural rights of man,—for such a feeling is probably quite unknown in the celestial empire; but we mean a readiness to perceive and seize the advantage of foreign relations, when once put in their power. We may safely calculate then, that the stifled feelings and sympathies of a great people are all with us, in the attempt to recover them to the world, by the benevolent influence of the medical art, by the diffusion of useful knowledge, and by the prospect of a profitable commerce. In the attempt to recover them to the true God and Savior, we cannot expect to meet the same sympathy; but in all the legitimate preparatory means of opening the way to put the gospel in their hands, we feel assured that the suffrages of an ingenious, but enslaved nation, are with us;–a nation as intelligent, as wronged, as the lamented Poles, but far, far in ore numerous. As we gather encouragement from the dis. position of the people within the separating wall, so do we derive the saine from the recent movements of the christian world without. Along with the recent proofs of the possibility of friendly intercourse with the Chinese, a spirit has been aroused in England and America to enter at once on the work of sending hither the gospel. They who reside in those countries know better than we can do, the extent and vigor of this recent revival of interest in China; but from all the indications which are visible to us, it appears evident that the arms of the christian world are opening to receive to its embrace the children of the celestial empire. The enterprising spirit of commerce, which is no legitimate enemy of the christian enterprise, is also abroad to explore the sources and advantages of the new eastern world. The nature and operation of the government have recently attracted an unusual share of the attention of foreigners. Though
tian books which have been distributed on the coast of China were furnished from Batavia, Malacca, and Singapore. No interruption is suffered there, and no alarm from the disturbances in China. But enjoying the protection of christian governments and freedom to multiply, circulate, and explain the books of christian doctrine, they may go on to any extent which the time and strength of the few laborers will admit. It may not be an improbable supposition that somewhat of the now prevalent interest felt in the Chinese mission arises from the very newness and vastness of the field; for this is natural and not wholly reprehensible. Hut indeed the work itself of the mission is in all respects a sober matter of fact and arduous work. And we do not desire to conceal our own deep conviction, that the time, labor, and expense which must be absorbed in the progress of it, will put to the severest test the origin and purity of that interest now happily so prevalent. If the countries where the missionaries enjoyed unrestrained liberty of access to the people; if in Greenland, in the Society and Sandwich islands, is in Africa and Hindostan and Burmah, such labors were spent, and time required, before the gospel was so far received as to make any general and saving impression; what may reasonably be expected of a mission circumstanced like that to the Chinese, and designed to operate on one third of the inhabitants of the globe? Surely it is but rational to suppose that the servants of God, both at home and abroad, have a work before them in reference to the conversion of China, which will give scope to the employment of all the talents which the great Head of the church has committed to his people. And as year after year passes away in the slow and toilsome process of removing one obstacle after another, before we arrive at the object of labor, let us see to it that our hearts be not faint, though our hands be weary, in this vast and prospective work. And, may we not say also, let not our fathers and brethren and friends at home tire with long looking and waiting for the fruit of the gospel in China. Must not the seed be sown before it spring up and grow! Must not the ground be first prepared, and the sower ready to enter the field? Behold the field is great, but the laborers are few. “Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest that he would send forth laborers into his field.” If any one's heart sinks in view of the obstacles which now oppose the introduction of the gospel, we beg such to consider, that in
its caprice admits of but little confident prediction respecting the future, yet the general course of events is better understood; the ordinary modes of official procedure, and the character of imperial officers are better known; and the ways of relaxing and enforcing the rigor of law better ascertained, than in former years. The foreign stations of the Chinese mission have begun to show their facilities for operating both directly and indirectly on this empire. If we mistake not, nearly all the chris
each of the present stations of the Chinese mission, there is now much more labor to be performed—labor essential to the cause—than can possibly be accomplished by the present members. If the facilities were greater than they now are, where are the missionaries that could seize upon them and employ them for the Lord! Where are the books to circulate. the inen to distribute them, the preachers to explain them? And may we not safely hope that the same wise Providence that has hitherto opened the way before his servants, will
The church has not had forecast to look forward and seasonably provide for approaching exigencies, as the sagacious merchant foresees and provides for exigencies in trade. Twentysix years ago, when five young men cast themselves on the American churches, and asked to be sent to the heathen, the great inquiries were, What nations are accessible? and, How can the requisite funds be obtained? It was little thought that almost every nation would be thrown open, in the providence of God, and a demand be made for thousands of missionaries, within thirty years. Still less did they anticipate that the spirit of liberality would so prevail in the community, that, within the same period, this Board would be justified and sustained in sending forth a hundred missionaries a year; and that the plea, that well qualified men were waiting, detained from preaching Christ to the heathen only for want of funds, would be irresistible. Hence almost all efforts in this cause have been directed to the point of preparing the church to contribute money abundantly; and when this has been in a good degree accomplished, we are brought into straits for want of the requisite laborers to go and gather in the harvest. Comparatively nothing has been done to increase the number of candidates for the ministry, with reference to propagating Christianity over the world. Both branches of this work should have been carried forward together, and in due proportion. The work now remaining to be performed by each church, of searching out young men from its bosom and conducting them forward to the ministry, ought to have been done ten or fifteen years ago. But from want of foresight, the candidates are now to be found, and a ten year's course of education to be gone through, when the men, all ready for the service, are actually wanted at this very hour. Owing to this neglect, the
progress of Christianity among the heathen must be retarded, nations of idolaters be left to continue such, and all the blessings of gospel light must be withheld from millions of the human family, till the messengers can now be sound, and qualified, and sent forth. Surely, then, there should now, at this late period, after so much criminal delay, be no further procrastination. The trumpet should be blown on every high place of Zion, and the call made, WHO WILL GO FOR US?
But what is the church actually doing, even now, to raise up the thousands of missionaries who ought to be sent into the field during the next ten years? Is she not permitting things to take pretty much their own course, without great effort, or anxiety, or thought directed to this vital point? Every one who honestly pleads this cause is authorized by the Lord Jesus to enjoin it upon the churches to bring forth the young men as workmen in this vineyard; and to enjoin it upon the young men to come forth, and consecrate themselves to this work. Why should there not be a day of solemn fasting and prayer appointed by each church, in view of the guilty and perishing condition of the world? Why should not each church take into sober consideration what is its proportion of the men requisite to evangelize the world? Why should not the minister, the elders and deacons, or other approved and judicious persons, meet by appointment, and look over the church catalogue, and select the specific number from those young members who possess the fundamental gifts and graces? Let them be the very brightest and holiest sons of the church. Let them be assembled in presence of the church and the church's Head, as were Barsabas and Matthias; let them be prayed over, conversed with, and their spirits raised to the claims and dignity of their high calling; and let them there, before the altar, consecrate themselves, and be consecrated by the church, to be her representatives and Christ's ambassadors, to publish salvation to the heathen.
What a meeting would that be in the eye of earth and heaven! how apostolical! how Christian!—Does any church fear being weakened by such a draft made from her ranks— such a holy conscription? Must we not believe that the very burnings of christian zeal which should inspirit her to such a measure, would add incalculably to her unity and strength? And would not the special presence of God, which would be invoked at such a meeting for consecration, hover over her, and be the cloud and the fire to protect and guide?—better than bulwarks,—better than sons and daughters! Must we not suppose that with such a church the Holy Ghost would dwell to edify and comfort; and that on it the heavenly rain would come down, multiplying converts like the drops of the morning? How surely would such a church be like a tree planted by the rivers of waters, that bringeth forth her fruit in its season; her leaf also should not wither, and whatsoever she should do should prosper! It will fatally retard the progress of the gospel over the world, to leave the work of obtaining missionaries to the slow action of education societies and agents; or to the influence which can be exerted over young men by general appeals. The individual branches of the church must feel a responsibility and themselves perform an important duty; the whole must be taken up more in detail; and the appeal must be carried to the consciences of individual young men, and they be made to feel that the questions, in what manner, and to what extent, they will obey the last command of Christ, are questions which they must personally, and in the fear of God decide. Christians must look forward further, even than this; and parents must begin early to instruct their children on all the parts of the missionary work, and train them up for bearing a part in it;-teach them to regard the conversion of the world to Christianity as the noblest work in which they can engage, and to burn with zeal to be qualified for and cngage in an enterprise so benevolent and honorable. Parents can, in their hearts and in their prayers, consecrate their children to this cause, and make them feel how little the endearments of blood, and friendship, and home are to be regarded, in view of the command of Christ, and the rescue of the nations from death in sin and wo. Will not ministers and churches then bring forth their choicest spiritual children, and consecrate them to the ministry? Will not fathers and mothers bring forth their beloved sons and daughters, and give them back to the Lord? Young men and young women are not their own; they are bought with a price, let them, therefore, glorify God with their bodies and spirits which are God's. It is estimated that 20,000 young men have been hopefully converted during the last five years, and that not less than 50,000 young men, between the ages of fourteen and twentyfive are now enrolled in our churches. Probably not more than 3,000 can be found in all the stages of preparation for the ministry; thus giving reason to expect that, during each of the next ten years, there will be an average number of candidates for the ministry, not exceeding three hundred, to supply the vacancies occasioned by death, to meet the wants of our own increasing population, and to extend the kingdom of Christ among the heathen. And can our young men hold themselves back, when they are called upon to save our own land, and with it no small part of the population of Europe, which is pouring in
upon our shores; and to raise from their present state of brutishness and idolatry, to the elevation of intellectual, moral, and christian men, more than 500,000,000 of the human family. The work which is to be done for the improvement and salvation of mankind, by the generation now coming on the stage of action, is probably greater and nobler than has been performed by any preceding generation, or than will be left to be performed, if we do our duty, by any one which will follow. Will not all then, who bear the christian name. burn with a holy emulation to participate in this enterprise? Will they not give thanks to God for permitting them to live at this day, and for allotting them such a labor with which to fill up the period of their probation? Will not young men, especially, the workmen on whom the churches must depend, feel themselves crowned with peculiar honor, in being commissioned to act so important a part in this intellectual and moral renovation—neir creation, we might almost say,+of more than half of the human family?
crent R.A.L. BoARD or For El GN MISSIONS.
This society, embracing the Synods of Virginia and North Carolina, held its annual meeting at the College church, Prince Edward county, Virginia, Oct. 24th, during the meeting of the Synod of Virginia, held at the same place. The annual sermon was preached by the Rev. Dr. Graham, of North Carolina, from Luke xxiv, 47. The Rev. W. J. Armstrong, the secretary, read the annual report; after which the Rev. Dr. Alexander, of Princeton, N.J. and Rev. W. S. Plumer. of Richmond, addressed the meeting. Great terest was awakened on dicating how deep and strong is the current of missionary feeling in that quarter. One gentleman arose and requested that he might be put down as a contributor of $100, to make Others followed. until thirty-four persons, ministers and laymen,
inthe occasion, in
him an honorary member.
had given their names, and an aggregate of S2,800. The donations were in sums of S 100 and $50. Other smaller donations were added; making the whole amount received at the meeting nearly $3,000.
In view of the probability that the Rev. Mr. Armstrong would accept his appointment as one of the Secretaries of the A. B. C. F. M., the Rev. Jacob D. Mitchell, of Lynchburg, Va. was elected secretary.
s.And Wich isi. ANDs.
REv. Titus Coan, and Messrs. H. Dimond and E. Hall, and their wives, and Miss Brown and Miss E. M. Hitchcock, who embarked at Boston, in the ship Hellespont, capt. Henry,
Board of Foreign Missions in Ref. Dutch chh.
con. 29,95; 134 49 . Charlton, La. 10 60 East Ware, Gent. 90,25; la. 52,15; mon. con. 74,74; 217 14 New Braintree, Gent. 63,62; la. 56; mon. con. 16,25; 135 87 North Brookfield, Gent. 138,97; la. 83,79; 222 76 Oakham, Gent. 32,10; la. 35,29; mon con. 20; juv. so. 11,47; 98 86 South Brookfield, Gent. 24,32. la. 20; mon, con. 23, 15; (of which to constitute Rev. Richard Woodruff an Honorary Member of the Board, 50;) 67 47 Spencer, Gent. 33,61; la. 52; mon. con. 15; 100 61 Sturbridge, Gent. 81,03; la. 50; mon. con. 34; 165 03 Warren, Gent. 54,76; la. 41,75; Inon. con. 8,14; 104 65
'estern Africa--Arkansas Cherokees—Donations.