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reached “ the lowest period of her depression. The sources of public and private opulence were exhausted : the lofty tree under whose shade the nations of the earth had reposed, was deprived of its leaves and branches, and the sapless trunk was left to wither on the ground. Curiosity and ambition no longer attracted the nations to the capital of the world : but if chance or necessity directed the steps of the wandering stranger, he contemplated with horror the vacancy and solitude of the city, and might be tempted to ask, Where is the senate, and where are the people? The depopulation was constant and visible, and the gloomy enthusiasts might expect the approaching failure of the human race.” (Vol. viii. p. 159, 160.)
The Papal power arose from the miseries of the times.' Do you ask, what it was which involved the apostolical pastor in the business of peace and war? I answer, in the words of the historian The misfortunes of Rome.' (Vol. viii. p. 170.) I answer in the words of Scripture, " The Beast rose out of the séa.”
But “ the sea out of which " the Beast rose was also a sea of anarchy and rebellion.
and rebellion. It is agreed that in the eighth century the dominion of the Popes was founded on rebellion, and that the rebellion was produced and justified by the heresy of the Iconoclasts.' (Gibbon, Vol. ix. p. 133.) And this adds the guilt of idolatry to the sin of rebellion. The treason of the two Gregories (the second and third) was followed up by the decision of Pope Zachary in
THE THIRTEENTH CHAPTER
BOOK OF REVELATION.
THE PAPACY DESCRIBED.
I. AND I STOOD UPON THE SAND OF THE SEA, AND
SAW A BEAST RISE UP OUT OF THE SEA, HAVING SEVEN HEADS AND TEN HORNS, AND U PON HIS HEADS THE NAME OF BLASPHEMY.
SAW WAS LIKE
UNTO A LEOPARD, AND HIS FEET WERE AS THE FEET OF A BEAR, AND HIS MOUTH AS THE MOUTH OF A LION : AND THE DRAGON GAVE HIM HIS POWER, AND HIS SEAT, AND GREAT AUTHORITY.
III. AND I SAW ONE OF HIS HEADS AS IT WERE
WOUNDED TO DEATH ; AND HIS DEADLY WOUND WAS HEALED: AND ALL THE WORLD WONDERED
AFTER THE BEAST.
IV. AND THEY WORSHIPPED THE DRAGON WHICH
GAVE POWER UNTO THE BEAST : AND THEY WOR
SHIPPED THE BEAST, SAYING, WHO IS LIKE UNTO THE BEAST ? WHO IS ABLE TO MAKE WAR WITH HIM ?
V. AND THERE WAS GIVEN HIM A MOUTH SPEAK
ING GREAT THINGS AND BLASPHEMIES ; AND POWER WAS GIVEN HIM TO CONTINUE FORTY AND
VI. AND HE OPENRD HIS MOUTH IN BLASPHEMY AGAINST GOD, TO BLASPHEME HIS NAME, AND HIS TABERNACLE, AND THEM THAT DWELL IN HEAVEN.
VII. AND IT WAS GIVEN UNTO HIM TO MAKE WAR WITH THE SAINTS, AND TO OVERCOME THEM ; AND POWER WAS GIVEN HIM OVER ALL KINDREDS AND
TONGUES AND NATIONS.
AND ALL THAT DWELL UPON THE EARTH
SHALL WORSHIP HIM, WHOSE NAMES ARE NOT WRITTEN IN THE BOOK OF LIFE OF THE LAMB SLAIN FROM
THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD. :IX. IF ANY MAN HAVE AN EAR, LET HIM HEAR.
X. HE THAT LEADETH INTO CAPTIVITY SHALL GO INTO CAPTIVITY : HE THAT KILLETH WITH THE SWORD MUST BE KILLED WITH THE SWORD. HERE IS THE PATIENCE AND FÁITH OF THE SAINTS.
THE BEAST PROVED, TO BE THE PAPACY.
THE POPE may be called the Beast, inasmuch as
the power of the Papacy is concentrated in him.
-Use of this Observation. “AND I STOOD UPON THE S. SAND OF THE SEA, AND
SAW A BEAST RISE UP QUT OF THE SEA, HAVING
The beloved disciple, stood upon the sand of the sea, doubtless meditating much on what he had just witnessed, which is recorded in the preceding chapter. He cast his eyes on the heaving billows: all was turmoil and confusion. The strife was ominous : the blackness was portentous.
"The four winds of heaven strove” together : (Daniel vii. 2.) the conflict was tremendous : all nature seemed in ele. mental war; the abyss of waters was dark and rife, and boiled with agitation.
He saw a BEAST rise out of the sea; the BEAST