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Scientific Records,

METALIC VEGETATIONS.

| animadvert, has led us somewhat further than ve

intended, on a subject to wbich we shall probably

We have little doubt but many of our readers will be obliged to return; as the liberty we have taken i comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve- be amused with the following elegant experiment :-I with the modern Magous Apollo may drav dopo ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin. “M.Goldsmith places a few filings of copper and

upon us the vengeance of some of his votaries, ta gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, iron on a glass plate, at a certain distance one froin

whom it may be imperative upon us to reply. Philosophical. Botanical. Meteorological, and Mine | apother. He then drops' a little nitrate of silver op ralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural

each parcel; the silver soon begins to precipitate,

whisli the iron and the copper oxidize, and become History ; to be continued in a Series through the

coloured; then, by a small wooden point, the rami. To Correspondents. Volume.)

cations are arranged at will, whilst the fame of a

taper being placed under a plate, increases the eva-ORIGINALS OR COPIES.-The correspondent from PRESERVING POWER OF THE PYROLIGŃ EOUS | poration, facilitates the re-action of the substances, whom we received EDWIN and MARIA has omited ACID.

blackens the lower side of the plate, and thus forms to state whether it is original or not. It is our custom as it were a design."-Annales de Chim. 14. p 84. to class the Poetry in the Kaleidoscope, under to

. distinct heads" Original” and “Selections;" In the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, some

if our correspondents, by subjoining their initials » curious experiments relative to the antiseptic power

transcribed communications, or by any other means, of pyroligneous acid are detailed by Mr. Ramsey. MR. KEAN'S FAREWELL ADDRESS. however unintentionally, make us accessaries to lite. The following are some of the principal results :

rary imposition, they do us an injury with the public.

We cannot suspect the individual to whom we now A uumber of haddocks were cleaned, split, and

TO THE EDITOR.

address ourselves of this species of disingenuostess : slightly sprinkled with salt, for six hours; then be.

as he or she has neither affixed any signature, por ing drained, they were dipped for about three se

intimation as to the originality of Edvin and conds ia pyroligneous acid, and budg in the shade SIR-I am much surprised that you bave not Maria. Whilst we are upon this theme, we take for eight days. On being broiled, they were of an inserted in your agreeable miscellany of this day,

occasion to repeat, for the information of R. D. that Aucommonly fine favour, deliciously, white, and Mr. Kean's Farewell Address to the Audience, whu

we do not estimate a composition the less (but for equal to the bighly-esteemed Finnan haddock.

quently the more) because it is not original; and r: witnessed his performance of Othello at our Theatre, beg to assure him, that we are not conscious offres Herrings were cured in the same way as the baddock on Friday evening last. As all lovers of the Drama

having been in one instance actuated by personal pz.

tiality in the adoption or rejection of any proferred months, they were equal in quality and flavour to tbe in Liverpool now look to the Kaleidoscope, as a

communication. Such conduct on our parts would best red herrings. The fish retained the shining and publication wherein they may hope to find something betray an equal absence of candour, and want da and fresh appearance they had when taken from the relative to the Theatre that may interest them, may

sense of our own real interests, as identified with

the character of our journal. A piece of fresh beef was dipped for one minute I express a wish, that, if you are in possession of a in pyroligneous acid of specific gravity 1012, in July copy of Mr. Keau's address, you will gratify the

LEONORA is reserved for our next, and the copy is 1819. On March 4, 1820, it was as free from taint curiosity of those who had riot the pleasure of hear

carefully preserved. as whea first immersed. No salt was used in tbis ing it delivered, by giving it a place in your next

If the transcriber from an old journal of a tour through experiment. A piece of beef was dipped at the same

some of the northern counties, will oblige us with the time is pure vinegar, of specific gravity 1009. It week's publication.—Yours, &c.

promised continuation, we shall be better enabled to was perfectly free from faint on the 18th of Novem

A CONSTANT READER.

decide upon its merits. ber. This experiment indicates antiseptic powers

We have already replied to A. L. to whom we salcaly ia pure vinegar; some haddocks were cured with it,

Liverpool, 10th October, 1820.

further observe, that he must permit us to use our which remained free from taiat, but when cooked

discretion as to the time or manger of introducts had an insipid taste.

any subject. Whea beef is partially salted, and then steeped

Our correspondent is probably now aware, for a short time in the pyroligueous acid, after being that a report of what Mr. Kean said, on taking his We have just received, but not yet perused the Inne drained and cooked, it has the same Aavour as Ham-leave of the Liverpool audience, was inserted in the

Speech, with which we have been favoured bj A

CONSTANT READER. burgh beef. Mr. Ramsey has no doubt, that with proper, modifications, the use of the acid may be Mercury of last Friday; which may supersede the

The following (amongst others which we shall probably extended to the preservation of every species of ani. necessity of its appearance in the Kaleidoscope. We

notice next week) are still in our port folio, to be tmal food.

cannot dismiss the subject without expressing our troduced at convenience into our columns Port The Journal of Science and the Arts, states, that opinion, that the style adopted by Mr. Kean, in the

READER-A. A.-CORNELIUS's D. & F.-CTH the experiments relating to the haddocks had been

-R. J.JULIUS-Con.-W. R.J. B ill farewell address, was somewhat too cavalier. Hadibe repeated with eutire success in London, by Mr. Sto

A. J.-XVII.-T. Q. TO THE OCEAN managers, at the close of a season, in which their VIEVE.-K. dart,

W. T. MARY:-Tor.-RISIBLE

VIATOR.-XVI.-J.S._J.L.S.D.-T.R.-P.S.6. spirited and judicious exertions had been wholly

-H. B.R. N.-SUBSCRIBER-1. B.-CONSTAT unproductive; bad they, under such circumstances, READER-R.P.D.-H.N. J.T.P. B.-1021.com RESTORATION OF THE WÄITE IN PAINTING. ventured to address the andieuce in the style adopted R. H.-W.R.--BUCKS HAVE AT YE ALL.--W.L.de

M. R.-LUCINDA.-T. R.-AN INHABITANT:by Mr. Kean, there can be no doubt as to the mode in

TRAGIC.-T. P.-V. SPINSOMPONI.-D.D.-M.L 6 M. Thenard has lately applied his oxigenated which so indecent a liberty would have been resented. M. P.-OMEGA. J.P.S J. T.-E.W.-CATO.water with great success to the arts. It is constantly with what propriety, therefore, Mr. Kean, in the

P. PITIFUL.-ANGELA.JACOBUS.-CIVITAS-W, happening in paintings where the wbite used is pre- presence of a most numerous and respectable

-A FRIEND TO ORDER_J. S.-J. H.-PICTA.

MOR-2.-R. D.-The foregoing, which are only pared from lead, that sulpburous vapours change

a portion of the contents of our portfolio, have conof auditory, assembled too as a personal compliment the tint, and reader it brown or black. Paintings of

sumed three full hours in the revision, which was e the first masters are frequently injured in conse to himself, could indulge in such a vein, we must

dispensible, before we could make any pledges i quence of this effect, being blotted, as it were, with leave it to otbers, to determine. Whatever may be their future insertion. We shall take another spells spots of colour, which spoil the effect. An artist at the ordinary temperature of a Liverpool audience,

if possible, before the appearance of our next Paris, who possessed a design of Raphael's thas disfigured, and was too careful of the original work to

they have exhibited no coldness to Mr. Kean. re-paint the places, applied to M. Thenard for che On the contrary, we think they have been prodi

Printed, published, and sold mical assistance, That chemist, during his attempts, gally indulgent even to his faults; for though it BY EGERTON SMITH AND CO. remembering the effect of oxygenated water in con- may be heresy or « flat burglary” to say so, he has vertiog the black sulphuret of lead into a white

Liverpool Mercury Office. sulphate, sent some water, very slighty ogygenated, some faults ; although, like those of Shakspeare they Sold also by John Bywater and Co. Pool-lane;

Evans, Chegwin and Hall. Castle-street; Mr. Tho to the artist, who, by applying it with a pencil, ina are obliterated by his beauties. He may be called |

Smith, Paradise-street : Mr. Warbrick, un stantly removed the spots, and restored the white. John Bull's enfant gate, who may play all sorts of

Library. Lime-street: Mr. G. P. Day, N . The fluid was so weak as to contain not more than pranks with forgiveness, ou the score of his being

Dale-street; Mr. Lamb. Hanover-street; and five or six times its volume of oxygen, and had do

John Smith, St. James's-road, for ready money taste. Paper coloured by a slight tint of bister was so fine a child. . .

AGENTS FOR DUBLIN: pot at all altered by it.-Annales de Chim, xiy, p.) The palpable indecorum of the recent address / v

| MessTSJK.Johnson & Co. No. 1, Eden QA, M" 221. of Mr. Kean, of which alone it was our design tol

Sackville-street.

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Scientific Records, is covered with as large timber as any in The conch shells, it would seem, must

the neighbourhood. The sutures of the have been brought from the borders of the (Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve

heads of these skeletons are closed, and as ocean; as there are none such to be found ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin- sound and solid as the other parts of the either in the rivers of Kentucky or those of gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mine- sculls.

this state : and it would also seem, that Em ralogical Phenomena, or singular Pacts in Natural

At Mr. Anderson's, two miles and a half they must have been brought hither inimeHistory ; Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c. &c. ; to to be continued in a Series through the Volume.) in a south-westwardly direction from the diately before their deposition in these ves

farm of Mr. Lane, were found other skele- sels. In a few years, they probably would PIGMY SKELETONS.

tons of the same dimensions, in tombs con- have been lost or broken to pieces, had TE ANTIQUITIES OF TENNESSEE.

structed upon the same plan, and of similar they remained unburied. . That the ani

materials. One at least, it is said, was mals the skeletons belonged to, drank water, ELE. (From the Nashville Whig,-American Paper.)

observed to have teeth, and all the bones and were not sucklings, is intimated by t | belonging to the human body,

water vessel at the head of each skeleton. On the farm of 'Turner Lane, Esq. five The facts above stated are attested by

The rocks which enclose them, are thin miles south-east of Sparta on the waters of Mr. Lane, of White county, who has seen

blue limestone, and not of that neighbourthe Caney Fork of Cumberland, and on the skeletons very often : by his son, Jacob

hood originally, all the limestone in the what other farms adjacent, have lately been found A. Lane, Esq. of Sparta, in the same coun

vicinity being of a grey colour. Here is a 3 small graves, sunk into the earth from one ty; and by another son, Alexander Lane,

mystery that baffles conjecture, and puts all foot to eighteen inches below the surface. Esq. a student at law, who all say they can

experience at defiance. The stories of the Lhey are about ten inches broad and eigh-lbe verified by all the inhabitants in the vi. Pigmies of Herodotus, on the borders of Ethi1.1 teen inches long, having a flag limestone cinity of the farm of Mr. Lane. Mr. Lane,

Lane opia and the Red Sea, and those of Homer in rock at each of the ends and sides, and co- the father, who is a man of observation,

India, have always been treated as fables, vered with the same species of rock. In these gives it as his decided opinion, that these

which, in the days of those men, entered graves are found scull bones, about three are the skeletons of adult persons.-He

into most of their written compositions. in inches in diameter, nearly sound: the other founds his opinion upon the solidity of the

At this day, we must outstrip credulity itbones being proportionally small. Between bones of the heads, and also upon the fact,

self, to believe in the real existence of pigmy two and three hundred of these graves have of the sutures of the sculls being entirely

men. How could a nation of pigmy men, been discovered. In every tomb, yet opened, closed and solid.

not exceeding eighteen inches in stature, was found a small black earthen pot, about 'The trees growing where they were found,

build habitations, clear the forest, cultivate one pint in capacity, containing a small are of as great size and age as any in the

the soil, desend themselves against the raconch-shell, undecayed, of a grey colour surrounding forest. Both at Mr. Ander

vages of the hawk and eagle, the wolf and on the exterior and red within, and as son's and Mr. Lane's are many extensive

the panther ? How live in a world of transparent as this species of shell is usually circular elevations of earth, raised two or

giants,* such as are mentioned by ancient found. The pot, when broken, exhibits three feet above the common surface, ar

writers, when the size and age of men, numerous white specks of round shining ranged in order, having the very appearance

bearing a just proportion to each other, far particles.

exceeded those of the present day? The standing Papoe trees : on one of them, a pop remains It is a matter of striking curiosity, that standing large trees: on one of them, a pop

remains of a gigantic race are not more there is not to be found in the neighbour- lar of five feet diameter at least. The small / than seven miles from the burying ground hood of this place, any limestone of the graves at Mr. Lane's are arranged, but at

teat of these pigmies. Their skeletons are not let i same species with that of which these Mr. Anderson's there is a large burying

burying shorter than seven feet ; frequently above tombs are constructed.

ground full of them, without any order as it. Figure, in imagination, one of these In the vicinity of the place where these to position. That the bones are human, skeletons covered with muscles, &c. and

Lane thinks there can be no doubt, and distended by ordinary repletion; place him large town, having parallel streets extend that they are not the bones of children, he ng east and west. The land they are upon thinks unquestionable.

• Holy writ attests the existence of giants.

rest. Both atas many in the the soil, der

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by the side of the largest man of the present others, the Ibis, the Hawk, the Cat, the ther ape or monkey, and the conch-sheli, day, and what would be his comparative Dog. In whatever family a cat died, every may have come from the Gulf of Mexico, appearance? The place where the larger individual of that family cut off his or her Cumana, or the waters of the Oronoko and skeletons were buried, is covered with trees eyebrows; but, if a dog died, the whole the adjacent countries, whither it is probable of no less magnitude and age than is that family shaved their heads, and, in fact, they came, from the old world, with the where the smaller ones are found. They every part of their bodies. The cats, when superstition which deified them. The sedu. are, therefore, brought to a simultaneous dead, were carried to sacred buildings, and lous anxiety manifested for their preserva: existence; or, at all events, to periods not after being salted, were buried in the city tion; the care taken, in their burial, to very distant from each other. Was the Buhastes. Of the canine species, the fe- provide a certain species of stone for the smallest child of a giant of a size as dimi- males were buried in consecrated chests, coffin, and, for their future accommodation nutive as that of the smallest skeletons ? which ceremony was also observed with a water vessel and a dipper, are circusDid the Samoiede of America, whose com- respect to the Johncumen.”-Herod : Eu. stances which must have proceeded from mon stature does not exceed four feet, and 65, 66, &c.

some inviolable and indispensible religious whose female, it may be supposed, is still The Hindoos, says the Abbe Dubois, pay injunction; the very same, perhaps, which of inferior size, come hither from the north honour and worship, less or more solemn, governed the conduct of the ancient Egyp. eastern coast of America, in company with to almost every living creature, whether tians, and of the ancient, intermediate, and the people of Scythia, remarked by all the quadruped, bird, or reptile. He then gives present Hindoos. . writers of antiquity for their monstrous a long list of the worshipped animals, besize? Is it possible that, in their passage ginning with the Ape, and including the REMARKS ON THE STEAM BOAT; through the neck of land which it is dog and other animals. The Ape is the class

ADDRESSED TO supposed connects the two continents to- of animals which receives the highest ho- Ship-owners, Manufacturers, and Canal and Insurans gether, those Scythians dragged with them nours. The striking resemblance which

Companies, some of the dwarfish nations of north-eastern the Hindoos remark. between this animal! BY ARTHUR Howe HOLDSWORTH, ESQ. America, whose descendants are now found and man, in exterior appearance and phy

Of Dartmouth. living within the arctic circles ? and that sical relations, was the first cause of the In offering the following remarks to the public, on 1 these small skeletons are the relics of the great reverence in which they held him.- the use of the steam-boat, it will not be necessary to pigmy race, whose posterity, by the genial| 2d Dubois, 216. The worship of the great

go into the history of the engine that gives it morier, warmth of a milder climate, and the plenti- | Ape Hanumen extends over all the territory planation:

as its power is now too well known to require apel.

| planation : yet the author will feel himself excised, I ful diet which it affords, have returned to of India, and especially among the followers he takes this opportunity of paying a tribute to the methe stature which their immediate ancestors of Vishnu. His idol is every where seen

mory of one of his owo town, by mentioning, iba.is lost, by the migrations of their ancestors in the temples and other places frequented

NEWCOMEN, of DARTMOUTH, are we indebted in

The first idea of that steam engine, which having sizce into the inhospitable climates of the north? by the people. And it is also frequently undergone a variety of improvements, bas given which, chilling the blood, diminishing the found in the woods and under thick trees in the power of surpassing the whole world in the spki: force of its circulation, and rendering their desert places. But particularly where the dour of our mechanical establish supply of food precarious and unwholesome, Vishnuvites abound, the favourite idol of

ishonvites bound the fovourite i ofl will, at no distant period, give us equal celebriya

che water, if full encouragement be afforded to that in the lapse of a long series of ages reduced Hanumen is found almost every where. persons who will direct their attention to the bar their primitive bulk ? If this be so, the The sacrifices offered to it usually consist plication of its powers aftoat, whether emplos women, and the ungrown children of the of the simplest productions of nature ; and,

forward our commercial adventures in time of peast,

or to defend them in war, first emigrants, although beyond the age of in parts frequented by Apes, devotees are

The steam-boat has been hitherto used as a res infancy, and not yet arrived at maturity, often seen who give them part of their food,

carry passengers; in a few instances as a pilot.com might not have been of larger dimensions and consider it a meritorious deed.

towing ships into and out of harbour, when the when clothed with flesh than is indicated by The sculls and other bones described by is too strong against them; an these skeletons. Mr. Lane may be the bones of sacred ani

| lately made use of in a very ingenious way, to la ' Let us look for conch-shells on the shores mals, buried by a superstition not dissimilar some cases, a fine material for making rou

up gravel from the beds of rivers, procuring, of north-eastern America, and took there to that of the Hindoo and Egyptian : and, deepening the water at the same time. also for the stature of those who inhabit the being not more than twenty miles from the however, a variety of other purposes to which most northwardly regions of these countries, place where the three-faced image was found,

boat may be applied, if fitted with a windlass, . e countries, place where the three-faced image was found and we shall perceive whether this conjec- both may have been deposited by the same making her a useful labourer afloat, and a

sterns, and force pumps, to be driven by her engine ture has the countenance of probability, and religious notions. The conch-shell, left in of the most powerful description. if not, then let it be owned with candour, the small water vessel, indicates an intent! As a Pilot-boat, she should have a that many are the unsearchable ways ofl to provide for the accommodation of some diately behind the engine, with Providence. animal who could use the conch for dipping i

strong enough to drag such ships as frequent in

"8 l in any weather in which they can require to But, indeed, a conjecture may be offered, water out of the larger vessel. Should this

hould this If the harbour has buoys to which she can ma before we leave this subject, which, to some, conjecture be found worthy of adoption, the she will give the end of the warp to tbe ship su may possibly seem worthy of attention.- evidence of Hindoo ancestry will have at

charge, and pass from one buoy to another, var “ The Egyptians, in ancient times, worship- tained a degree of strength almost too sta

warp as she goes, then fixing herself, and dra

vessel to each in succession, leaving her ch ped a great number of animals, and, among I ble to suffer resistance. The animal, whe-l fast to one buoy whilst she passes to

ine bas been

PIS

e.

There are

s afloat, and a fire-Engine

should have a windlass imniegine, with a warp coiled on it,

the port,

un require to be mored Vhich she can make iasi,

sbe bas

48 herself, and drawing the

leaving her charge made the passes to the next: but

where there are not buoys, she must work by ber own | The sheer might be a strong single spar, supported and which will continue to act with equal force, as anchor, (which may be of any weight, proportioned, from a short mast, (like a sheer hulk) sufficiently long long as coals and water can be found to supply it, by

not to her size, but to the object to be accomplished, to swing over a ship's deck, or a quay, when taking an arrangement only between the Insurance Companies Dhink as she will always be able to weigh it with ease, work any thing from either. When not thus occupied, it and the owners of the Steam Packets. The moment Hide ing her own windlass or capstern by the engine) run- might, by setting the slings tight, be brought upright, the vessel arrives at the place on fire, the wheels, which Id ning a-bead as far as she can before she lets it go, and lashed to the head of the mast, when its guys move her through the water, would be detached from

when, veering far enough to enable it to bold, she will might be made into two back-stays and a fore-stay, the engine, and its whole power to be given to the beave on the warp the moment the vessel attached to and its hoisting-geer a haulyard, with which it would pumps, throwing a body of water, wbich would exceed, it has her own anchor clear of the ground, to which, raise any sail it might be found convenient to set; and in force and quantity, all common conception.

under these circumstances, she must trust, whilst the thus coals may be saved whenever the wind is fair, or it Liverpool, Glasgow, &c. where steam-boats are now te steam-boat is moving a-head to lay down hers for the may be struck down on the deck, whilst the mast in use, may, at a small expense, obtain the same security.

DeIt warp. The vessel may be thus taken far enough would serve as a good support to the chimney, parti. In towns on low situations, where the couotry around to windward to get to sea from most barbours, at any cularly in a sea.

is flat, tanks may be built to contain water, which may e time. It must not, however, be conceived that warp. She may be used also as a floating crane, to move command all the houses, and by laying iron pipes froni

ing will only be an advantage as an entire operation, heavy bodies from one ship to another, placing herself these to any spot by the river or canal side, where the for, the more intricate the passage, the less will it be between them, or to or from the land.

steam-boat can be brought, she would fill the tanks Decessary; because, where the wind is fair, or not She may be brought alongside a carpenter's yard, whenever it would be required, either by 'attaching her entirely opposed to the ship, the warp may not be re- when a ship is to be drawn up to be repaired, and work pumps so the pipes, or working others on shore, as desquired. It will happen also, that the steam-boat may with her capstern the falls of the tackles, wbilst the cribed in a former part of these remarks. A very large be able to tow the whole way, except at a particular standing parts are secured on shore.

| supply of water may thus be obtained in the night, point of land, round which a strong tide may set against She may be employed in the same manner to weigh leaving the engine at liberty for any other purpose dur

ber, accompanied with squalls of wind and a head sea a sunken ship, the suspending power over the wreck, ing the day, when, if her time is not filled up, as before = Such a situation would prevent the steam-boat from being on board other vessels at her side.

proposed, she may give motion to mills and manufacpassing with the ship, and a space of a few hundred Where there are docks, or other places that require tories, as the nature of their business may require; and yards may, in consequence of it, spoil the voyage: for to be drained, she may lay near, and work the pumps thus, by dividing the expense amongst many, afford it must be borne in mind, that in the same proportion on shore by communicating rods brought to ber en- facilities to trades of various sorts, which could not in. as the obstacle which the tide thus presents is increased, gine; and sbe may tbus raise water from the lower to dividually maintain such an engine. is the power to overcome it diminished, as the water, the upper level of a canal, replacing more than can be It may be probably considered by some, that ideas under these circumstances, runs from the wheels, ren-expended in her passing through a lock; or she may have been suggested which can never be accomplished, dering them less efficient than in any other situation; may draw berself up a well-adjusted inclined plane, and therefore, by attempting too much, that the whole whilst, if the steam-boat, by running a-bead of her saving the locks altogether.

may be doubted; but this is a remark applicable to charge, bas the power of getting hold of a buoy, or As a Fire-Engine, she may be found peculiarly useful, every proposal that carries any novelty with it; and if et draps ber own anchor when fitted for a warp, she will not only for the protection of those persons who may nothing had been undertaken in this country that was 15. bring the vessel through the difficul: part, and thus be on board, but for every description of property that not considered by every one certain to succeed before

have the power of accomplishing her ultimate object. may stand within her reach; and that is as far as hoses it was begun, we would bear amongst nations a very - Many other situations may be found, where the same can carry the water, which will include every ship- different rank in science from that which we oow so

power may prove equally useful, but wbich can only wrigbts yard, timber wharf, and warehouse, in a sea. pre vlly sustain.

de gelope themselves, as the practice of towing by steam- port, and probably the whole town as well. The mode Here, however, the coldesç calculator need not be se boussball increase.

in which the force-pumps abould be attached to the alarmed. Steam-boats are in use in many parts of the at She may afford relief to vessels likely to drive in a engine, would depend on the fancy of the maker. It country; and to add the machinery necessary to prove

Edle of wind, by laying down anchors, and carrying is only necessary here to say, that they should be so the truth of these remarks, would require a som too a cables to tbem; or circumstances may arise, where, placed, as to have the greatest command of the vessel insignificant to make any man doubt the propriety of

by striking their yards and topmasts, she may warp berself, and to be readily set in action; aud, judging suggesting them to the public. is them out of dangerous situations, when no other power from the inisfortune that happened to one of the Mar. P.S. It may be thougbt strange that in the foregoing

ori could move them a-head; for the engine may be made gate packets, and which first suggested this idea, if | remarks, there is nog any notice taken of our naval as to do the work of any number of men, and strength placed at the head and stern, it would be best, as those stations. The fact is at the time these were printed I sto may thus be embodied on board a pilot-vessel equal to are the parts least liable to fire, and one of them must was in communication with the Admiralty on the sub

the crew of a first-rate map of war, even if the whole be the most secure station from whence to commandject, and did not therefore think it right to make any could man the capstern at one time, whilst she may the flames; for, as in the case of that packet, if the fire such allusion to those places. berzelf be secured either for her owo retreat, or for is near the engine, it will only cause it to work the the parposes above-mentioned, by anchors of any more rapidly, and as the communicating rods to the Weight and power that may be thought necessary. pumps would be of iron, and, for security, might be

OLIVES: CURIOUS FACT IN BOTANY. And if, in warping large ships, any fear sbould arise placed on rollers within an iron pipe, which would

Letters from Provence mention the total failure of that the warp might break, one of the ship's cables prevent any thing from interrupting their action, no the olive plantations in that part of France. It has, in. tray be secured to the steam-boat, or, by her aid, to fire, however great, could render them unfit for work deed, been remarked, that for upwards of half a century, be buoy to which she attaches herself, which the ship before it would be subdued. The rods would be always the olives have shown a tendency to emigrate. The soil would veer out as the steam-boat leaves her, and heave attached to the engine, when the connection with the

of Provence now appears to be entirely ruined, and no

hope is entertained there of the future cultivation of as they approach each other, 80 that the ship / pumps might be made in a few moments, on the first olives. For the last fifty years. none of the young would hang on her own cable, until the warp, if it appearance of danger.

shoots have risen to above five or six feet high. It is the abould give way, could be replaced ; and, by work. If every Steam-Boat, for whatever purpose she might same in the adjacent countries, which have all suffered ng with two cables in this way, she would never be used, was thus fitted, the quantity of property that

more or less from the cold of late years. Two-fifths of

these plants have been cut down to the very roots; and Sax off from the one buoy until she was secured to the might be saved, when a fire breaks out near any of three years will scarcely suffice to enable them to attain bert

their stations, is scarcely to be calculated ; and it need maturity. The olives of Marseilles and Var were some But her labours must not end here; she is a beast of not be suggested to the Insurance Companies, that there I time ago in excellent condition, but all have perished. burthen, of the best sort, because she can take in and is scarcely any time when one of these vessels is not Mr. N. Mill is said to have discovered a new metal put out her load without men’s labour, and will hoist, within the reach of any fire, that can take place on the resembling gold, and possessing some of its best quali, by a crane or sheers fixed on her deck, what cannot be Thames, even as high as Richmond. One is every

ties, which he calls aurum millium. In colour it resem

bles 60s. gold, and is, in specific gravity, nearly equal uusted to any thing on board merchant-ships, as they night off the Tower, and another above London Bridge.

to jeweller's gold, It is malleable, and has the property he Asually fitted. The part occupied now by passen. Hence the great bulk of property in the docks, wharfs, of not easily tarnishing. It is hard and sonorous, and Zets would afford much room for stowing goods; and and warehouses, and even the greatest part of London requires care in the working.

Daight tow lighters with her, from which she would | itself, might easily bave a protector against fire, more | A block of amethysts has been sent from Brazil to $i$t out every thing as well as from her own hold. I powerful in its operation than any thing yet employed, Calcutta, four feet in circumference, and weighing 98lbs

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METEOROLOGICAL REPORT

Between the completion of this Poem and its publiFOR SEPTEMBER.

cation, which has been unavoidably delayed, as much

time was required by the artists to do justice to those er. w We have frequently been solicited to add to the

quisite designs, which are its brightest ornament; an other features of our Work, a Journal of the Weather,

elegant version of the same ballad has been published to be continued in a regular monthly series; and we

by Mr. Pye. Had the author of this translation foreare at length enabled to accomplish the object, by the

seen the intentions of the laureat, he would not propoliteness of a professional gentleman at Manchester,

Poetry.

bably have risked a contest with such a distinguished who has long been in the habit of registering Meteoro

competitor; but, as he had long entered the field be. logical Phenomena ; and whom we take this opportu.

fore Mr. Pye appeared as his adversary, he will not now nity of thanking for his liberal offer, of which we shall

LEONORA.

shrink from a combat where doubtful Victory must with pleasure avail ourselves.

ensure applause, and even complete failure allow the TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN OF GOTTFRIED

consolation of “ Eneæ magni dextra cadit."

AUGUSTUS BURGHER. 129.80 | Mean. $30.20 Highest

By W. R. SPENCER, Esq. 29.30 | Lowest.

LEONORA. .90 | Range. .41 | Greatest variation in 24 hours. [Inserted at the particular desire of a correspondent.]

From visions of disastrous love 2.4 | Mean daily Spaces in inches.

Leonora starts at dawn of day; 12 Number of changes.

The works of Mr. Burgher, the author of this and “ How long, my Wilhelm, wilt thou rove? | Real Spaces in Inches.

many other poems of the ballad kind, are universally Does death or falsehood cause thy stay ?” | Real Number of Changes. esteemed, wherever the German language prevails as a

Since he with godlike Frederick's pow'rs

At Prague had foremost dared the foe, (56.10 | Mean.

national idiom, or is cultivated as a branch of education. No tidings cheer'd her lonely hours, 75° | Highest.

Simplicity is the characteristic of his compositions; and No rumour told his weal or woe.. 390" | Lowest. of all literary beauties, simplicity must be the most

Empress, and King, alike fatigued, 36° | Range.

generally attractive. It is no common merit to excel in Now bade the storm of battle cease; 1250 Greatest variation in 24 hours.

a style which all understand, many admire, and but few Their arms relenting friendship leagued, can attain. To this merit Mr. Burgher has an un

And heal'd the bleeding world with Peace. 2.440 | Inches.

They sing, they shout, their cymbals clang; 15 | Number of wet days. doubted claim; a claim our countrymen would be the

Their green wreaths wave, they come, they come; 10 | Foggy

first to allow, could they enjoy his expressions in their Each war-worn Hero comes to hang © Snowy.

original purity, or his ideas in a faithful translation. With trophies his long wept for home. 0 | Haily. No writer perhaps has ever obtained a more decided

While from each bastion, tower, and shed, 0 | North.

popularity. To this his subjects and his language Their country's general blessing showers;

equally contribute; for the former he has mostly chosen Love twines for every laurel'a head, 3 | North-east. local traditions, or legendary anecdotes; and in the lat.

His garland of domestic flowers. 0 | East.

How welcome husbands, sons, return'd! 0 | South-east. ter he is generally elegant, often sublime, and never

What tears, what kisses greet the brave !" 4 South

unintelligible. Such qualifications ensure him the suf Alone poor Leonora mourn'd, 15 South-west. frage of every class of readers.

Nor tear, nor kiss, nor welcome gave.

The scholar and the 2 | West. moralist cannot refuse praise where they have found

From rank to rank, from name to name, 6 | North-west. entertainment without disgust to their taste or danger

The fond inquirer trembling flew; 0 1 Variable.

to their principles; and the mechanic peruses with de But none by person or by fame, 0 | Calm. light, sentiments suited to his feelings, imagery familiar Aught of her gallant Wilhelm knew.

When all the joyous bands were gone, i Brisk. to his mind, and precepts adapted to his practice.

Aghast! she tore her raven hair; To | Boisterous.

One of the most powerful causes of Mr. Burgher's On the cold earth she cast her down,

literary popularity, is the deep tinge of superstition that Convuls'd with frenzy and despair. NEW INVENTION OF LE BATEAU ROULANT. shades almost all his compositions. Supernatural inci

In haste th'affrighted mother flew, dents are the darling subjects of his countrymen. Their

And round her clasp'd her aged arms: Some trials of a boat on a new construction have minds vigorously conceive, and their language nobly “Oh, God! her griefs with mercy view, lately been made at Paris. In the second trial, the in- expresses, the terrible and majestic : and it must be

“Oh! calm her constant heart's alarms !" ventor placed himself with his apparatus below the plat

“ Oh, mother ! past is past; 'tis o'er; allowed, that in this species of writing they would force form of the Pont Neuf. He set out from this point at

“ Nor joy, nor world, nor hope I see; ten minutes before ten, having on board Mr. Dacheux, from our nation the palm of excellence, were it not

“ Thy God my anguish hears no more. an experienced marinet, who took charge of the helm. secured by the impregnable towers of Otranto. Of all “ Alas, alas! Oh, woe is me!” Messrs. Marlet and Thibault, inspectors of the naviga

their productions of this kind, Leonora is perhaps the tion, followed in another boat, to observe the operations.

“Oh, hear, great God! with pity hear! In twenty minutes at the utmost, he proceeded beyond most perfect. The story in a narrow compass unites

“ My child, thy prayer to Heaven address; the Pont Royal, after having passed and repassed under tragic event, poetical surprise, and epic regularity. The “ God does all well; 'tis ours to bear; the arches, and landed opposite the Quay d'Orsay.-- admonitions of the Mother are just, although ill-timed. “ God gives, but God relieves distress.” There he made his land apparatus act, and roll the boat

“ All trust in Heaven is weak and frail; The despair of the Daughter at once natural, and crimito the School of Matation, which was the end of his ex

“God ill, not well, by me has done; pedition. The author of this ingenious discovery wished nal; her punishment dreadful, but equitable. Few

“I pray'd, while prayers could yet avail; to prove, that by the aid of his machine, we may with objections can be made to a subject, new, simple, and “Now prayers are vain, for Wilhelm's gone." equal ease roll on land and navigate on water, without striking ; and none to a moral, which cannot be too fre

“Oh, ever in affliction's hour the aid of the wind, or even of ordinary oars; and that quently nor too awfully enforced.

“ The Father hears his children cry; he motions on both elements are neither interrupted, nor the velocity impeded. The whole secret lies in the The translator must apologise to those who are " docti “ His blessed sacraments shall pour

“ True comfort o'er thy misery.” moving power which makes it act, and remains con- sermones utriusque linguæ,” for some deviations from

" Oh, mother, pangs like mine that burn, stantly the same, except that the hinder wheel becomes the origins ccomes the original text. Mr. Burgher has repeatedly used

“ What sacrament can e'er allay? the rudder when the boat is in the water. You may go

words merely for sound, as “ trap, trap, trap,” for the “ What sacrament can bid return with the wind favourable or against you; tack, ascend, or descend a river, at pleasure. The author asserts, that trotting of a horse ; and “cling, cling, cling," for the “Life's spirit to the mouldering clay ?” with a small-decked vessel of this kind, it would be pos ringing of a door bell. These echoes to the sense, which

“ But if, my child, in distant lands, sible in calm weather to cross the channel rapidly, with: out fear of being overtaken by any boat.- Foreign

“ Unmindful of his plighted vows, are strictly “ vox et preterea nihil," custom may reconJournal. cile to a German taste; but, literally adopted in an “ Thy false one courts another's bands,

“ Fresh kisses, and a newer spouse, English version, they would appear more ridiculous A pineapple of the black Antigua kind, which weighed

Why let the perjur'd rover go; hthan descriptive. In general it is hoped, that, although five pounds fourteen ounces, was cut a few days ago

“ No blessings shall his new love bring, in the pinery of Lord Palmerston, at his Lordship's many beauties may have been obscured, no essential " And when death lays his body low, at of Broadlands, near Romsey. meaning has been omitted or adulterated.

“ Thy wrongs his guilty soul shall st ng."

Barometrical Pressure. | Temperature | Rain, &c. ,

BY THOMAS HANSON, Surgeon.
Deducted from Diurnal Observations made at Manchester, in the month of September, 1820.
OF THE ATMOSPHERICAL PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE, RAIN, WIND, &c.
METEOROLOGICAL REPORT

- Wind.

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