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of the soul. From the prevalence of that symbol, and I ment, and nie
Now Billy vent to bis shop-board to veep,
And vept himself full fast asleep: that the Greek sculptors frequently represented Psyche a subject to Cupid in the shape of a butterfly; and
And in his sleep appeared old Nick amusement of tbe Dauphin, tbe crying but pious heroes that even when she appears in their works under the of him of Mantua, or the pedantic absurdites of the
“Go poison Sally Green with some arsenick.” human form, we find her decorated with the light and
“Cromwelian." This poem is a most exquisite speci This verse is quite soul-barrassing: irritated by his Almy wings of that gay insect. (b)
men of the Doric; and its effect upon its reader so mistress's taunts and neglects, Billy rushes magnaoiIt is worthy of remark that in the north and west of Eng prodigious, that to use the language of that learned mously to his shop; he surveys his board with the bid, the moths that Os into candles are called saules (souls,) per.
pedagogue, my good friend, Mr. Lemuel Longpbiz, it hatred of despair, as the accursed cause of his misery; fra the old no ion, that the souls of the dead tly at night Pearch of light. For the same rensin probably the common can either sublimate the soaring soul above the sub- then sits duwa (cross-legged we are to presume) and people la Germany call the ghosts (geistchen.)
lunary system of solidities, or precipitate it to the dis- sinks into Morpheus' arms; but either the uneasiness mal depths of Dis, darkness and desperation.
of his tortured mind, or Turk-like position, produces Pegetation in cold climates.-The following is a calen.
The poem is printed in black letter, in fine preserva- a dream dar of a Siberian or Lapland year:
so singular, that, blinded by his ideas of Soow melts.......... ................June 22d.
tion, and bearing a date so early as 1650; but, alas ! fatalism, he obeys the voice of the enemy of mankind, Snow gone............ ...............July 1st. the author's name is concealed; nor have I, with all like another Santon Barissa, and prepares to murder Fields quite green.........................Do. 16th.
my researches, ascertained this important point: its the object of his idolatry, “Oh tempura, oh mores!" Plants at fuil growth.................... Do. 17th. Plants in flower........................... Do. 25th.
date, however, and a few allusions in the preface, | There is a good deal of fine poetry in this verse. h Fruits ripe........
strongly incline me to believe it a translation from .................. Aug. 20.
the succeeding one is evidently the chef d'æuvre of the Plants shed their seed....................Do. 10th. the Italian of Dante ; and the deep horrific spirit it | whole poem. - Sao................. .......... ...........Do. 18h.
breathes, softened down and shaded by the lighter 5: From August 18th to June 22, snow and ice.--Thus
Now to poison her he was wery, wery loth, it appears, that from their first emerging from the ground graces of poetry, bears ample testimony to its being
Yet he mixed it up in some sheep's-head broth; to the ripening of their seeds, the plants take but a the production of the author of the “ Inferno."
So she drank it all up, as long as she was able, -- month; and spring, summer and autumn, are crowded
The poem is entitled " The ryght merry and game. into the short space of 56 days.
And fell, smack dead, rigut under the table. some lyfe and trystefull death of Gwyllium White,
This is most exquisite: the sound here is the comThe month of November just closed, has been so much ycleped Billy.” Then follows a long preface or pruem, milder than the corresponding month of last year, that and finally comes the poem itself. The first stanzas
plete echo of the sense. How fine is the delay pic. he average range of the thermometer, according to an
tured by the repetition of the word, “wery!" how are : durate daily register, has been higher by four de
tender is his care in mixing the deadly drug in a liquor *Willy Whyte was a tailor by trade,
it should seem bis victim was partial to! then how And, in truth, he was a natty blade ;
awfully imposing the quick burried monosyllables of And he fell in love vith one Sall Green, Correspondence.
the third line, berekening the length and depth of the A:d a beautifuller vench was not never seen.
draft; and how agonizingly expressive the word In the first verse we ascertain the lowness of our “ smack,” in the fourth line! We feel, we hear the TO THE EDITOR.
| hero's origin, a circumstance which true merit can fall; the dead lumipy weight of the hapless maiden's CSR-Having had for a long time a great desire alone gild or efface; and this fine and original apothegmcorpse is present to our view; the empty porringer:
appear upon the stage, I should with great plea. 1 (my own) is beautifully introduced into the second the mute despair expressed in the elongated face, ex. 3 ture attend the amateur performance. The charac. line by the word “natty,” a term which, thougla now tended eyes, and chattering teeth of the consciencecorers i sbould choose would be Shyluck, in the Mer-nearly obsolete, is matchless for conciseness and force; struck Billy. Let us draw a veil o'er this terrible hant of Venice; or Sir Giles Overreach, in A New
and here the great art of the author is displayed.- scene: it is more borribly horrifying than the "rueing Way to pay Old Debts; or any such characters as
After having read the first line, we naturally set the of the babe unborn,” in Chevy Chace," or the pumpThese If any of your correspondents will be kind soazh to give me an answer to this, it will oblige,
hero down as a pusilanimous, weak creature, as form- kin nose of Cherubina, in the “Heroine.”
Now Billy he fell fast asleep,
Said the sheep, “ Bah; with my head
You did poison a beautiful maid.
Old Nick sent me here to bring you away; 818-1 should be obliged if you or any of “natty,” on our senses, creates a total revulsion of
So here, 'pon my word, you must no longer stay ; our namerous readers would inform ne, in what ideas, and a complete revolution in the injured Billy's haraeter the Prince of Wales, now bis present Ma-favour. The succeeding distich is simple, elegant and
So quickly tuck yourself up in your garters, jesty, appeared in the celcbrated masquerade given terse. Billy's tender beart is made captive by Miss S.
And I'll carry you off on my bind quarters." by the late Richard Walker, Esq. late of Duke
Green, whose beauty we shall sind by-and-by is not After the execution of the foul deed, Billy takes a street, Liverpool, ihen residing in Stanhope-street, beror Mayfair, London, about May, 1800. ber only perfection.
few drops of a composing draught, and steps into bed ; Nov. 29, 1820. M.C. Now this Sall Green, as you mus: know,
when lo ! appears to his astonished sight the ghost of a Loved this here White but very so so;
mutton, in all the composing dignity of head and tail, TO THE EDITOR, For she was a maid vell warsed in letters,
fore-quarter and hind-quarter, and in the calmest man. And wery well fit to be this here White's betters. ner reproaches White for the double murder. The SIR,-Perbaps Addison was not fully aware bow Alas poor White I thy fate was cruel indeed . with simple language of nature, exemplified in the word much he was verifying that trite motto of Horace's, Lall Sally's bea all Sally's beauty ler high soul disdained a connexion
“Bah,” is one of the bappiest and most touching dulce est desipere in loco," when he set his brains to where the feast of reason would net preside; her
strokes in the whole poem; and swearing by its kork to find out, and lay before the public, a dissertafinished education, and constant association with men
“ word,” is a strong and presumptive proof that the ion on the beauties of ' “ Chevy Chace;" yet I have of literature, had robbed her mind of its feminine
"olden poets" believed in the “Metempsychosis,” nown several respectable personages who, quite sasoftness, and in its lieu imparted a rich soil for cultiva.
| and that the sheep was only practising a fashionable astied that every thing from that great master's pention; in short, Sally was a blue stoeking. White pro
oath before its infusion into the body of some mincing must be good, bave read the same critique with as bably had never let his studies migrate beyond “ Readmacaroni, of
| macaroni, or birth-night belle. The devil here shows reat a ratio of pleasurable feelings, as the brother one,
ing made easy," or the « Multiplication Table,” and himself ro better than he should be, an aider and n "Paradise Lost," afforded them. Hoping, therefore, consequently was despised by her he adored. The
abettor of suicide ; yet there is one exquisite touch of hat the generality of my readers may be as purblind as great beauty of this quadruplet consists in what Quin
sensibility, in giving him his garters, as an instrument he above-mentioned gentlemen, and with all due sense
tilian calls the « Demonstrativum,” and Dr. Blair of self-destruction ; an article of wearing apparel, dear f my own audacity in following a path my illustrious " The finger-post system,” (ex. gr.); "this here" and to every site-wearied,
to every life-wearied, death-seeking Damon and rototype has trod before me, I beg leave to hand you “this;" it marks the objects very distinctly, and when
Phillis, since the days of Sophonisba, and Hansi, the few critical remarks on a poem I discovered a few well introduced, is far from being cacophonous.
wife of Cioary; to those of her, famous in song and Lays ago, among my antiquarian researches, which for
minstrelsy, ycleped“ Bailly." With these instruments astness of design, originality of idea, pachos of senti.
* Billy, meo periculo,
White tucks himself up, and makes his exit from this
No. 30, 1820.
dull mundane orb, replete with sin and wickedness, l . Fashions for Becember. tinuance of your patronage; and in expressing to say (hem, my own) first putting his legs astride the sheep,
our sense of obligation for past favours, we beg leare, who acts the part of a post-horse to carry him to his . FRENCH CARRIAGE DRESS.-Round dress of cam.
most respectfully, to say, FAREWELL." : infernal journey's end.
| bric, with three flounces of India muslin, each flounce
edged with fine Mechlin lace. Mary Stuart spencer of Then off they wanished in a flame of fire, sapphire-blue velvet, with rich silk cordon belt, termi
To Correspondents Which made all the neighbours wery much to ad. nating in front by one long end, with a large tassel. White mire :
satin hat, the edge ornamented with gauze cut in bias, SIEGE OF LATHOM HOUSE.We have reason for
and surmounted by a beautiful tall plume of marabout postponing the notes to the account of the Siege of As how they'd not never seen such a sight before, feathers. The collar of the cambric dress falls over that Lathom House, for a few weeks. The division of And they'll not never see such a sight no more. of the spencer, and is trimmed with fine Mechlin lace. the narrative into several portions will be of no in
The slippers worn with this costume are white of kid, portance, as the whole will be contained in the annua! This is sublimissimum sublimississimorum ; every as are the gloves.
volume of the Kaleidoscope. line is Dantean, every semi-demi-syllable terribly ter- ENGLISH CARRIAGE DkEss. Round high dress of Core violet-coloured cachemire, with three cockleshell flounces
CHORAL CONCERT FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE rific; the images of horror in the first line, their effect | of the same material, edged and surmounted by black
PUBLIC CHARITIES.We have only time to 4. in the second, and the unprecedented, unexampled, black velvet: the bust, sleeves, and body, trimmed to
serve, in reply to several correspondents, that ke unfuturable testimony in the third and fourth, are correspond. Carriage hat of moss plush silk, in the Re entirely approve of the substitution of a Choral Cuttruly magnificent, and would pass the ordeal of the
gina form, the ground white, with bright crown. Dou. cert for the Amateur performance at the Theatre. most fiery critic in Europe ; all is grand, lofty, seno
ble throat frill, of fine broad Brussels lace. Elastic dra.
Although the whimsical article on the death of Tea rous and intelligible. In the first line we tremble, loured kid boots and gloves. Ornamental watch, pen
Ash, by Swift, which is recommended to our setia the next we shake; in the third we have a bad fit of dant from a gold neck chain, and stationed on the left
by a Subscriber, is pretty generally known, or she?
give it a place in an early number. the ague, and the fourth throws us into violent hys
side of the waist.
WALKING DRESS.-A high dress, composed of The account of Bilston shall be attended to. terics, from which the gentle anodyne of the “moral," I bright grey bombasine : the skirt trimmed at the bot as soft as sighing southern gales, and as effective as tom with velvet bands, to correspond in colour ; the The Butterfly's Birth-day was some time since given sal volatile, comes upon us, and, shedding its witching are bias; scolloped at one edge, and plain at the other the Mercury, and shall also grace the poeticalalim balm around us, restores our senses and ideas to their
there are four of these bands, placed at a little distancy of the Kaleidoscope.
from each other, the bottom one is rather more than; former harmony,
half a quarter in breadth, the others are each somethinge The death of Voltaire, suggested by the same correspone
narrower. The body is tight to the shape ; the long dent, to whom we are indebted for the copy of the Now all ye maids and married,
sleeve is rather straight, and falls a good deal over the above-mentioned verses, is declined, as altogetha's Take varniog by this chap what's dead; . hand; it is finished by three bands of velvet to corres consistent with the spirit of our work; becaus i For if he had not never done nobody no wrong, pond with those on the skirt, but much narrower; full would lead to a controversy we wish to decline. Out He might have been here to hear this bere song.
épaulette, intersected with bands, which form it into correspondent must be aware that there is a remy do bias puffs ; small standing collar of velvet.
ferent version of thedeath of Voltaire; which we stocul This is as refreshing as an ice-cream in July; and
FULL DRESS.-A pink figured satin slip, terminated probably be called upon to publish also; nor could here the poet reins in his gloomy imagination, and
at the bottom by a full rouleau of gros de Naples to we in fairness decline complying, if we once entered
correspond, over which is a white lace dress of Urling's on the subject at all. laying aside the tragic buskin, pours forth as soft manufacture, finished at the bottom by a very full fall
AMATEUR THEATRICALS.-We suppress the night and sweet a quadruplet as ever trilled from the pen of imitation Valenciennes lace, headed by a narrow rou
of J. B. M. to J. H. P. because it was written under of Petrarch, or the author of the Babes in the wood;" | leau of pink figured satin; bouquets of mingled white I and red roses and blue bells are placed at regular dis
an erroneous impression which it is in our power to composing and allaying our disordered souls by his tances on this rouleau ; a second flounce, headed in a
remove. J. H. P. in the last Kaleidoscope, in order ty magical harmony, and leaving our ideas (like Tony similar manner, surmounts the one we have described.
accelerate the object he had in view, proposed na mte
view with the parties favourable to the teaser i Lumpkin and his mother) in the precise same spot from
contemplation, which meeting he had find in the which we had first commenced our journey. Oh hap
Friday evening. In our notice to corresponka, less lovers! Oh divine Dante! Oh accursed sheep's
apologised for a liberty we had taken in substituting
the Thursday, because the following evening bang head! Oh charming poesy! Son of Helicon, grandson
the last of the season, and Mr. Banks' benetit, ar of Pegasus, great grandson of Parnassus, and great Our Theatre closed for the season on Friday last,
concluded that the change we ventured to supply great grandson of Apollo, nurse to the nine graces, and when, after an excellent performance of “ The Tem would tend to promote the object of our correspeedes: three Muses; Minos, Rhadamanthus and Æacus, and pest,” for Mr. Hanks's benefit, Mr. Bass came for
and his friends. From a note with which we vete lawful father of every good and beauty on the earth, 1 | ward and addressed the audience in the following
subsequently favoured by J. H. P., it appeared, but
ever, that he was unavoidably engaged on the Tu invoke thy potent aid ; and whether you extacize my speech, which he delivered in very good style; evi.
day evening; and we now regret that we did seep charmed ideality, or impale my Prometheanized soul
prise the gentlemen who did meet, of this story dently appearing to remember the highly respectable with Tartarian torture, still I shall ever rest your's and
stance, as we were requested by J. H. P., bat ere benefit he had recently experienced. We bope our the press of business on the Thursday erentz Mr. Editor's servant to command, worthy managers will have a more profitable season
dered impracticable. PALÆLOGUS MODESTUS.
We trust that the measure has not been retarded by next year than the present has afforded them.
mere absence of J. H. P. and that the gentlemen * “ LADIES AND GENTLEMEN,
did meet, came to some clear understanding as t *
terior measures. TO THE EDITOR.
“ I am deputed by the Managers, on this, the
last evening of their campaign, to offer you their sincere As we do not wish to entail upon R. D. any supertura SIR,-Allow me, through the medium of your thanks for the patronage they have had the honour to
trouble, we take the earliest opportunity of same publication, to call the attention of the Common Council
that if we insert the narrative in question, we salle experience throughout this long and eventful season.
follow the original work, to which we have acts to a plan which I have just hit upon for effectually pre
L “ They trust that their endeavours to bring forward We thank him for the labour he has incurred for et venting those floods which Whitecbapel has hitherto been
accommodation. occasionally subject to. Having understood that it is a constant succession of the principal performers of both in contemplation to fill up the Old Dock, the basis of the London theatres : their efforts to produce every exmy plan is founded upon that circumstance. I propose pensive novelty, as originally acted in the metropolis :
Printed, published, and sold that the Old Dock shall not be filled up, but be converted and the care with which they have collected one of the
" BY EGERTON SMITH AND CO. into a subterraneous reservoir, for the purpose of re- and
Liverpool Mercury Office. ceiving the water which the common sewer may dis-most respectable provincial companies in this country, charge during the time the tide is above the bottom of have secured for them that at which they chiefly aim; Sold al
water and Co. the sewer, which is the time the floods have always
Evans, Chegwin and Hall, Castle-street; Me. The the honour of your approbation. taken place. Such a reservoir, I am pretty confident,
Smith, Paradise-street; Mr. Warbrick, Pubs would be sufficiently spacious to receive all the water “They beg to assure you, that however the pressure
Library, Lime-street ; Mr. G. P. Day, Newss from the common sewer during the time the tide now of the times may have injured their individual interests, Dale-street ; Mr. Lamb, Hanover-street; and Me stops its discharge; the water afterwards to be discharged no exertion shall be wanting, do labour shall be spared
John Smith, St. James's-road, for ready MONEY ONLY into the river by means of a clow, on the ebbing of the
London, Sherwood and Co. | Warrington, Mr. Harrisol tide, when the reservoir would be wholly emptied by the to deserve the approval of an ennghtened public. Dublin, J. K. Johnston & Co. Preston, Mr. Whittie, time the tide again flowed as high as the clow which “ For myself and brother performers, Ladies and Manchester, Mrs Richardson. Stoke, Mr. Tomkinsen
Stockport, Mr. Dawson. Hanley, Mr. Allbut. would then be dropped to prevent the tide flowing into Gentlemen, I beg respectfully to present individually Stockpo
Leeds, Mr. Dewhirst. the reservoir.
Wigan, Mesers, Lyon A PAKISBON LR. I and collectively. our most grateful thanks, for your own
Ormskirk, Mr. Garside liberality, your kindness, and your fostering support; Hull, Mr. Perkins.
Blackburn, Mr. Rogers * I am not aware that a food ever happened at the time of
Northwich, Mr. Kept low water,
I our best exertions shall be always used to ensure a con. | Lancaster, Mr. Bentham
| each, will thus become the seat of an imperfect im- | two aostrils; that is, superiority of organization to the
pression. This is what constitutes a false ear; for wby one, and inferiority in the other! The following ORIGINAL PAPER
should one person be painfully affected with any dis- observations seem to prove it: in the coryza whicla - THE HARMONY OF ACTION IN THE ORGANS
sonance in music, while another is totally unconscious affects one postril only, the sense of smell is very con
of it! Because, in the first case, two perceptions fused, if both be kept open; but it will immediately OF MAN.
unite together and constitute one, which is nice, severe, become distinct when the affected one is shut; for, by (Written erpressly for the Kaleidoscope.)
and alive to the smallest fault in the tune ; while in this means, the defect in harmony betwist the two or
the second, the two ears afford two different sensations, gans is avoided, and the consequent confusion in the per. #What a plece of work is man! how noble in reason, and thus the perception is necessarily confused and un- ception of odours. Almost all affections confined to one
Infinite in faculties! in form and moving how express conscious of any defect, in the barmony of soundem aostril have similar results, which may be momentarily Admirable! In action how like an angel; in apprehen- This insensibility to "the sweet power of music," removed in the same manner; because in rendering
how like a God! the beauty of the world! the paragon animals!"
which is owing to physical defects alone, is too severely one of the nostrils inactive, its discordance with the Shakespeare. ;.
censured by our great poet, who refers it to a vicious | action of the other immediately ceases. I may, therd conformation of the mind.
fore, conclude, that when the perception of odours to A knowledge of the formation of our bodies bas " The man that hath no music in himself,
naturally indistinct, there prevails in the two nostrils a a very generally considered as the most powerful
Nor is not moved with concord of sweet sounds, natural inequality of conformation, and consequently, idote to Acheism. But it unfortunately happens Is it for treasons, stratagems, and spoils ;
of strength. Eta late writer has made this knowledge the basis of The motions of his spirit are dull as night,. .
And his affections dark as Erebus: me very ingenious arguments, in support of princi
The same reasoning applies to taste. The median
. Let no such man be trusted."
line of the tongue sometimes, separates an insensible * which tend to sap the foundations of our belief in y existence of a God; and which are, consequently, l.
It is somewhere said by Cicero, that the Romans of portion of that organ, from that which still retains its Wensive of religion, morality, and good order. in his time were keenly alive to the most trivial mistakes sensibility. Now it is easy, in thio case to conceina
estimation, no study tends more directly to impress in prosody of their actor, and never failed to ex- | that the taste shall be confused and irregular; because with tbe belief in an all-creative power than that press their displeasure by groans and bisses. . If such one precise perception cannot result from two unequal the harmony which is so necessary to the organs of
was the case, we may reasonably infer that their cars sensations. Thus certain bodies, which some conceive te; and to a want of which all imperfections in
were no less grated by errors in harmony. It would, to be almost tasteless, afford to others the most agreri lese orgios are to be attributed. I shall, therefore,
therefore, appear that a fine sensibility to the beauties able or painful sensations; and the wine in which tamine this barmony of action in each of the organs
and defects of music, is often the result of study and honest Sancho discovered the taste of leather and iron, Taight, bearing, smell, taste and touch. First, of sight. I application ; and that our ears, like our other organs, was, to his friends, bowise nauseous or disagreeable. The precision of our sensacions appears to be the although originally dull and insensible, may be so re h en
The perfection of touch is likewise essentially conMete or less perfect, in proportion to the exactness of fined as to convey to us the most delightful pleasures
nected with the uniformity of action of the two syme resemblance betwixt the two impressions of which which of barmony: or, in other words, two organs, which
metric halves of the body, and particularly of the two ty are formed. Thus the sight is always imperfect, were originally, unequal, and conveyed two different
hands. Let us suppose, for instance, a blind person hen one of the eyes is more delicately organized, or]! perceptions, can, by application, be brought to act in
born with one hand completely organized, and the - stronger than the other; for it is then more vividly unison, and constitute one of great sensibility and
other deprived of the power of flexion and extension fected, and transmits a more perfect image to the judgment.
of the fingers, so as to form a round and immoveable rain. To avoid this confusion, we instinctively close The sense of smell comes next to be examined, and
surface: this person would acquire, with great difficulty, eye when we augment the action of the other by the same reasoning will also bold good in regard to it.
the idea of size, shape, and direction, because an ntemplating objects through a convex glass, which Two dogs, for instance, pursue the same hare; one
unique sensation will not arise from the successive apbuld otherwise disturb the harmony of the two
never looses the track, and makes the same curnings
dragi plication of the two hands to the same object. If both gins. This face is likewise strikingly exemplified in and windings as the object of his pursuit; the other
of them touch a small round globe, tor instance, the ole who squint. "We squint," says Buffon, “that we stops often, looses the scent, stands still, runs on, and
one, by grasping it exactly with the fingers, will proAy draw off the weaker eye from tbe object on which stops again. The former is described with great
duce the idea of roundness; while the other, which e stronger is fixed, in order to avoid the confusion beauty and truth by Somerville, in his elegant poem
touches it only at some points, will give rise to a totally hich would necessarily result from the perception of ile result from the perception of on the Chase :
different sensation : thus he will find it difficult to form to dissimilar images.” On the other hand, an unity of
" Conscious of the recent stains, his heart
a correct judgment of the shape of the body. But his Tception is the consequence of an unity of action of
Beats quick ; his snuffing nose, his active tail-
ideas would be much more precise, if he allowed one de two organs on the same object; for how can it be That makes the welkin tremble, he proclaims of his bands to remain inactive, as they who squint ipposed that this would take place if the same body “ His prey."
foot by foot he marks curn the weaker eye from the object, in order to avoid fere to be presented to the sight and appear of a vivid
His winding way, while all the list'ning crowd :
that confusion, which is the inevitable effect of the pale colour, according as it is impinged on, or received
Applaud his reasonings. Oer the wat'ry ford,
two sensations. Thus we see both bands reciprocally 7, the one or the other retina?
O'er beaten paths with men and beasts destain
assisting each other; the one confirming the ideas The same reasoning applies to the organ of bearing.
Unerring he pursues ;
which the other produces; and hence the accessity of o the two sensations which compose bearing, if one
So exquisitely delicate his sense." ;
a voiformity in their structure. Let us conclude, received by a stronger and better develloped orgaa, This dog receives a lively impression of thescent, which therefore, from what bas been said, that, in the struc will produce a clearer and more distinct impression affects but confusedly the organs of the other. Does not ture of the sensitive system, the harmony of action of than the other; and the brain, differently affected by this confusion result from the inequality of action in the two symmetric organs, or of two similar halves of sbe
same organ, is essentially necessary to the perfection of Scoresby's conjecture with regard to the A curious circumstance in natural history the sensations.
mean temperature during twelve months at has been mentioned to us. It is stated that As the order, regularity, and beauty of the sun and
| the North Pole, being from ten to twelve one of the she-wolves of the country where moon, and the other heavenly bodies, impress us with the belief that there is an all-intelligent Baing, who | degrees above zero.
ng, who | degrees above zero. His hypothesis was the vessels were laid up, formed an intimacy
bis hypothesis was the vessels were laid up, commands and is obeyed; so do the harmony, the found to be erroneous; for our navigators with a ship dog, and almost daily visited him acuteness, and perfection of our senses declare that I ascertained, that even in the latitude where for some time, as if he had belonged to they proceed from the same source. For to use the words of the great Roman orator, "Age ut a cælesti-ley wiser
they wintered, the mean anuual temperature the same species. At last the dog, a setter bus rebus ad terrestres veniamus; quid est in his in was two degrees below zero! Owing to belonging to one of the officers of the quo non naturæ ratio intellegentis appareat? Qua sit this intense cold, they endured great hard-Griper, followed his wild companion and was ir figuris animantium et quam solers, subtilisque des. I ships: of which it was no small aggrava. I never seen more. Another dog from the criptio partium, quamque admirabilis fabrica membro. rum: omnia enim quæ intus inclusa sunt, ita nata,
* tion, that for the last nine months they | Hecla also went off, but returned, though atque ita locata sunt, ut nihil eorum supervacaneum werë upon short allowaneë of bread, and with his throat all mangled. sit, nihil ad vitam retinendam non necessarium.” during the summer months of other neces- The wolres were large, and were heard -saries, thus adding the cravings of hunger nightly, howling in a most disagreeable
manner. to the pinchings of frost. * THE NORTHERN EXPEDITION.
The other quadrupeds found, It affords a gratifying instance of the when the summer returned, were the most. PRELIMINAR Y NOTE.
right feeling and characteristic persever- ox, of which several were killed, the deer,
ance of British sailors, to tell, that the men the fox, and the mouse ; the latter retained ** As the name of Captain Scorcesby is noticed in
(taken from the Literary Gazette | (who could not be buoyed up by the same through the winter, were numerous, and and as that enterprising and estimable gentleman is now ideas of future fame which solaced their changed from brown to white. The fors si a resident in Liverpool, we conceived it to be due to officers in suffering hardships) bore every were chiefly the arctic gull, the glaucus, the in him to examine how far the alledged discrepaney be
deprivation, not merely with patience and ptarmigan (which has been called the para ... (ween his theory and the fact upon the point alluded
eo, was borne out; and the result of our investigation equanimity, but with good humour. Fre- tridge), and a singularly beautiful duck de is, that the mean annual temperature of the parallel of quently, when they had returned from a day nominated the king-duck.. 78° N. about the meridian of Lot:don, was determined I of fatiguing and unproductive search for The expedition arrived at the entrance di by Captain Scoresby to be 170 of Farenheit. This ré sule he derived from upwards of 8000 observations on
game, wrapped themselves in their blankts, Lancaster Sound, on thc Ist of August, Semperature; made in the polar seas, during twelve to try by sleep to forget their exhaustion, and 1819. On the 7th the ships were in the consecutive years, consequently it must have a much that appetite which they durst not satisfy, lest Regents inlet (see the chart), and there is frenter chance of accuracy than the more limited ob- they should, by encroaching on their next about 90° of long. the variation of the pas servations of Captain Parry. From an empyrical pro-l do
yrica pro-day's scanty allowance or on their general | dle was, we understand, about 120° west. dess connected with these observations, he estimates the mean temperature of the North Pole at 10°. In stock, be in the end confined to these dreary | Stopped by ice, they left the inlet, which this he is 22° below the calculations of almost all the regions starving and without subsistence. is supposed either to extend to Hudson's meteorologists, and only a few degrees above the Notwithstanding this, never a murmer es- Bay, or trend along the northern shore oil average temperature observed by our late voyagers ;
caped one of them ; but for patience, for America, and resumed their progress et but from the nature of the process employed, and of the reasonings adduced, we have no doubt but he is titude, and firmness, they displayed a picture | Barrow's Straits, leaving behind them C very near the truth.
unsurpassed even by the noblest examples ker Bay (the Croker mountains of Capuca [Consult Vol. I. page 360° to 365, and appendix (49), of English seamen.
Ross.) They speedily discovered the persone of Scoreby's Account of the Arctic Regions, a recent The
The following anecdote is worth presery- of islands, where Lowther Isle is maire. most interesting and intelligent work, which we take this occasion to recommend to the particular notice of |ing :-Acting plays was one of the amuse- pine in number, and named The New G** our readers, and from which we purpose shortly to in- ments, devised to while away the long night gia Isles. Proceeding onward, they o sert some extracts in the Kaleidoscope, under the head of the polar circle. A drama was written served, when rather more than half way & Gleaner.)-Edit. Kaleidoscope.
by Mr. Parry, solely to please the men, the ultimate point at which they arrived. ; . (See a Note to Correspondents.)
called “ The North West Pussage.” The that the variation of the needle was abır:
scenery was painted by Mr. Beechy, and 120° east : thus it appears that the magica • Desirous, for the reasons stated in our the officers were the performers. The de- meridian must lie between that degree inte last, to supply as much intelligence - as we light of the crews was so great that they the degree of 90, which we observe frente could obtain on the subject of this interest. not only clapped, but loudly cheered the chart, runs through the inlct, where the ing expedition, we have copied the Admi-actors on every favourable impression. One riation was towards the west. At seat: ralty Chart of its course, &c. in a manner of the latter was so amused with this, that compass had been quite useless since suitable to the Literary Gazette ; and have on making an exit, he was induced to go 7th August, and it was only on land t* to state the following particulars, on which into the house, to see how the thing looked. the needle traversed. The greatest dipe the public may rely.
He happened to place himself immediately above 88°; and our scientific readers, Fai · It is as certain as important to notice, behind the boatswain and another man, who ting these data together, will perhaps ap?? that there can be no doubt of the vessels exclaimed with .rapture, “Oh, it's beauti. with us in supposing that the magnetic pace having crossed the Magnetic Meridian, and ful! it's beautiful!” “Beautiful, do you is situated somewhere on the American ci entered the Polar Sea.
call it,” returned the Boatswain, “ Beauti- tinent, between the longitudes we have 5. Our readers may remember Captain ful! I say by Gw it's philosophy!” mentioned, and below the latitude of my
On the 7th of September, after encoun- and pointed rocks, it became gently undu- steep in descent, and about ten feet broad, with
bigh walls on one side. At the summit from the tering many dangers, the vessels were an-lated.
Hurdwar side, there is an ascent by a broad Aight chored in Winter Harbour, Melville Island. The distance between Winter Harbour of steps; at the tops of these the guards were sta
tioned, to prevent the crowds pressing indiscrimiIn the beginning of November their night and Copper-mine River may be about 150 pate
Copper-mine Kuver may be about how bately ; a little before day-break the Sunyassees and began, and it lasted till the beginning of or 200 miles. The whole distance which Byragten, who bad the quarrel in 1796, vied with
each otber at the top, for presedency of bathing, and February 1820, when the sun was seen for the expedition went from the mouth of Lan
4 made a sudden rush, in which the unfortunate a few minutes above the horizon. This caster's Sound, was about 500 miles. There sepoys, and all the multitude who were descending,
were carried down with such violence that they got luminary gradually prolonged the time dur- were traces of old Esquimaux huts on Mel.
jammed together within three steps of the water, ing which it rose, till in June it became ville Island.
where an angle of the old sacred Pyree Muth, and | We had forgotten to mention, that the
an angle of the Munder of the Mabadee closes the constantly visible, circling round and mak.
passage to about seven feet, and opeus with a swell ing changeless day. On the 1st of August owl, in full beauty of feather, seemed to behind. Here the unfortunate beings were cramthe vessels were released from the ice, nearly inhabit this inhospitable place throughout
med together with such violence, that motion or use
of limbs, was unavailing; the weak, the strong, in as suddenly as they had been overtaken by the year. .
vaio made efforts ; it was all the same, the more cxthe winter ; and our hardy countrymen with The lowest temperature was 5510 below ertion made, the more entwined their limbs became.
At half-past seven, A.M. I was a witness to this horthe blessing of Providence, were enabled to zero.
rid scene; the cries, the moans of the unfortunate pursue a homeward, but still perilous course. These are the chief facts which we have multitude were beart-rending in the extreme;
strength, force, or any contrivance or effort to assist Sto gathered respecung this truly gratarymg ex- them was in vain. I made several attempts to exThe ice all round them in the Polar Sea was spedition, which not only reflects honour on tract those who were io the foremost files below, but above 50 feet thick; and no vessel could by all concerned in it, but on the country. Mr. lit was im
their bodies, legs, and arms were so entwined, that
in il, DUKE E COWIyo 25: it was impossible to extract one of them, and nothe possibility navigate farther in that direction, Barrow's prescience is happily illustrated thing equals the apathy of the rascally, Pojaree Brab
mins. A pleasing part of this recital throws a ray forth, west, or south. It is probable there- by its results, which have so completely es
of a brigbi hue on the sepoys of the 5th and 27th, are that Regent's Inlet will be more mi- tablished all that he predicated. Nor is and on the Gorkeeah corps, who, thougla people of * iutely explored by the next expedition sent Captain Parry's eulogy to be lightly spoken:
bigh cast and prepossessions, were stript and actively
employed in extracting the dead. This was a laAto these parts, and that hardly any other his whole conduct has been admirable; and bour of no small exertion, as they had to clear away Etempt will be made to the westward of Iwe imagine that this sketch will greatly in the dead from near sixty feet, in an angle of fifty-six
degrees, before they could extract the liviug'who iddon's Gulph The ships were roofed crease the public anxiety to see the precise were below. Colonel Patten, and several officers,
ser during the winter, and the crews details of a voyage which has opened a new by thei * did not, as reported, erect huts on shore. sea to British navigation, and gone far to the living who were below were extracted in a most
them to clear the mass of dead away. At ten Á, M. delville Island was however explored by indicate the very seat of one of the greatest horrid state; their limby blistered, infamed, and in unting parties, and Captain Parry crossed wonders in nature.
a state of putrefaction; the number alive did not
Upon this subject, we exceed thirty beings, and an extraordinary iqstance and was absent for three weeks together. have heard that Sir H. Davy has made some I must record, which was a young woman who was = bis reckoned about 150 miles long, and important discoveries by experiments with l had merely her head and arms free..
under the wbole mass in the centre and alive, who from 30 to 40 broad. It is also supposed the galvanic battery at home; and we look “ From the information I could collect from those that the whole Sea north of the American with profound curiosity to the further deve-1) a north of the American with profound curiosity to the further deve who were present when this unfortunate circum
stance occurred, the time as stated was three, or continent is broken into islands.
lopement of ihe principles of magnetism, balf-past three, Á.m, and what must have been the To this hasty enumeration of interesting electricity, and attraction, to which these
cause of the death of those on the upper steps, must articulars we shall not now add much. We circumstances will stimulate and help the downwards, and who could not return until the mili
have been the inultitude who rushed over them eed only notice, that natural history has scientific world. The tables and other data tary stopped up all the passages above, and pre1 lot been much enriched by the objects ob-lin Captain Parry's work, must be of im- the Brahmia's prediction of sickness has not been
vented the other crowds following them. Although ained. Only one bear was seen during the mense consequence.
fulfilled, the deaths at the sacred place have given ay at Melville Island: there were no fish,
some sort of sanction to their prophecy, and even of
The Griper is now at Deptford, having this unfortunate accident they will make a plea still ad no game of any kind till the summer | been nearly lost off Sheerness: the Hecla to delude the ignorant multitude
to delude the ignorant multitude. No exact acame, when those birds and animals we have has been refitted at Leith, and is daily ex
eount of the dead can be given, bat it must ex
ceed 400 persons ;, a vast number of these were jentioned made their appearance. Grass, pected in the river.
Sunyasses and Byragees. I saw four of the Gorkceada axafragium, and poppies, formed the her
corps, only one alive, and who was jammed close
to the angle of the small iputh. age, in patches and tufts, which looked HORRIBLE CATASTROPHE.
“ Two bnats have been sunk by the press of per. reen and gay at a distance, but was very
sons on board, and many people drowned; the fair " The Calcutta Gazette of the 4th of May contains hasi commenced thinning, the crowds going away ainly scattered over the marly surface of the following melancholy narrative :
are mostly from the nearer places; the merchants he earth. In geology, limestone, sandstone,
" Camp, Hurdwur, April 11, 1820. unable to dispose of any, thing from the bustle; nd slale were most prominent; coarse gra
“ Under the impression of one of the most borrid most of the purchases and sales will commence to
las sights, and in the agitation it has naturally occa morrow. Ate was found in round detached pieces in sioned, I write to give you a statement of the scene “P.S. The report of the dead amounts to 430. he ravines, and other mineral specimens
of which I have been an eye-witness. From the Lieutenant Boyes, of the 5th, as soon as intelligence
Saiet of the Purbee unfortnately happening at the reached bim of the guards being forced, moved up Fere picked up. Some of the isles were
hour of three and half English time this day, A.M. with a company, and it is said stones were ibrowa mazingly precipitous, rising from 3 to 800 crowds of infatuated pilgrims forced their way in from the houses. At daylight he began removing
overwhelming magses to the sacred bathing-places. the dead dodies. The dead were all Hoated in the eet above the water. From the entrance « As most people who have been up the country / Ganges : one of the Chief Mehunts of the Byra. f Lancaster's Sound to Melville Island, the have visited Hurdwar, and, seen the steps leading gees, who had come from the Decan with a .num and gradually declined, till. from
down to Hurkee Pyree, I need not give a descrip-ber of followers, was extracted from this eptwined towering tion of them, further than statiog that they are very i bass