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Scientific Notices. subjecting the bone to calcination, or by exposing it for o! that the earth which kept the world in awe, some time to the weather; for, by either of these means,

Should patch a wall to expel the winter's flaw." No. II.

the gelatine is destroyed, and nothing but the earthy | Virgil, in his description of the Pharsalian Plains:

part remains, which is brittle, hard, and of a white co-alludes to the lasting quality of the bones, in these bootin' GR INTERESTING PHISIOLOGICAL FACTS ON lour. But, by continuing, for a length of time, either life lines : THE HUMAN BONES. of these experiments, the bone gradually crumbles to “Scilicit et tempus veniet, cum finibus ils

Agricola Incurvo terram molitus aratro,
(Written expressly for the Kaleidoscope.)
pieces and perishes. A deficiency in the quantity of

Exesa inveniet seabra rubgine-pila:
gelatine, or a superabundance of phosphate of lime, is

Aut gravibus rastris galeas pulsabit inanes,
The bones are the hardest parts of the human body. the cause assigned by physiologists, for that frightful Grandiaque effossis mirabitur ossa sepulchiria
Then dried, they retain their natural shape and figure: and melancholy disease, called Fragilitas ossium ; by
-- icy are of a whitish yellow colour; are totally destitute which the miserable patient is, every moment, liable

I sensation, in the healthy state; and have the property to fracture of one or more of his bones, from the slightest
- fresisting putrefaction for a nuch longer time than any fall, or any unusual motion. There is, at present, in The Philanthropist.
** her part of the animal frame.

Liverpool á case of this nature, in a poor boy, who has It is easy to account for these different properties. bad both bones of the thigh, those of the leg and fore THE REV. R. PHILIP'S APPEAL TO THE or their chemical analysis teaches us that they are arm, fractured at different times, and in different places.

NORTH BRITONS' SOCIETY, toposed of mineral and animal matter : the phosphate He, however, enjoys tolerable health, is good tempered, On behalf of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland "lime, and the gelatine of chemistry. and even cheerful.

delivered at Newington Chapel, Liverpood, The presence of the latter ingredient is demonstrated The opacity of the bones is owing to the earth which

on St. Andrew's Day, 1820. mácerating the bone in any one of the mineral acids; they contain ; for, in the infant state, they are cartila

« COUNTRYMEN, leach of them has the power of dissolving the phos- ginous and semi-diaphonous, and their opacity gradually

“Agreeably to your patriotic wish I appear before Liste of lime. Thus, the gelatine remains untouched, increases in proportion to the quantity of earthy matter you, to plead the cause of the Gaelic Circulating

id retains the figure of the bone. But, being divested they receive, until they become completely opaque, hard, Schools Society. The feelings with which I cpter ? * that ingredient which gives it hardness and solidity, and firin.

upon this task will be best described in the language of is soft, cartilaginous, and pliable. A deficiency of Their white colour is to be referred to the same cause;

Paul: • I have great heaviness and continual sorrow of

; heart for my brelheen, my kinsmen according to the e tis arthy matter in the bones gives rise to that disease, for, by depriving them of their gelatine by calcination, flesh. "

common to the children of the poor and profligate in they assume a pure chalky colour. Some dies, such as “It is not, believe me, from any want of lively interest sur great towns, called, by physicians, Mollities ossium, madder, have the remarkable property of imparting

ty of imparting in the festivities of this high day,' nor with any view

to damp your enjoyment, that I select a motto so doleWat better known by the name of Rickets. The most their colour to the bones of those animals which feed

ful, and declare that the spirit ic breathes is the upper - Bridable case of this nature, on record, is that of upon them : from whence we may conclude, that a con- most feeling of my soul towards the Highlands and

Iadame Supiot, a Parisian lady. In the year 1751, this tinued action of absorption and deposition is going on in Islands of Scotland. No one approves more cordially tson, after having suffered from a number of unplea- these parts. Platner, and Kerckring, two celebrated

than I do of the recreacions peculiar to this anniver

sary; no one participates more fully in the nationa ist symptoms, which she dated from a fall in 1747, was German anatomists, assert that the bones assume a yel.

feelings expressed by its ited with such violent heats, that she was almost con- low colour in severe attacks of jaundice; but I do not

"Pomp and circumstance: wily in a sweat, and could not endure any covering find this fact mentioned in any of the works of French the garb and banners of uld Gael delight my eye an - tea in the coldest weather, From this time, she or English physiologists.

dilate my heart; but not so that I can forget for a mo Herved her limbs, begin to bend; and their soft- It is agreed amongst all anatomists that the bones,

ment that 300,000 of my kinsmen are incapable of read

ling any language ! This is no sweeping assertion ; z a gradually increased till the time of her death, in a healthy state, are devoid of sensation : this is

no exaggerated account: but the melancholy and more sich happened in the November of 1752. In the owing to the want of nerves; for nature seems nowhere tifying fact is now authenticated by the official docu- onth of April of the same year, the trunk of the body to have gifted a mere earthy substance with this powerments of resident clergymen, and I myself bave com

Ipared these reports with the actual state of the coun. L d not exceed 23 inches ; the thorax was exceed. Their faculty of resisting putrefaction is, in a great par

Tea try. They are literally true. I blush to say so; but Bly il formed : and the bones of the upper and measure, to be referred to the presence of earthy matter. the fact cannot be hidden, and ought not to be overNer extremities very much distorted. The thigh-bones Experiments prove that gelatine has no such property ; Ivoked. tame so pliant, that her fect could be easily laid on for, when the bone is deprived of its earth, by macera.

" When this gloomy picture began to be talked of in

England, I pronounced it a vile caricature; the pron ch side of her head. It was surprising to observe tion in acid, it very soon yields to putrefaction, particu

duction of some modern Johnson, 'with eyes which various shapes which the limbs assumed, as larly if it is immersed in water.

saw not, and ears which heard not.' In the presence e stiffness of the bones encreased, and, if I recollect I shall refer their immutability of form to the same

of princes, peers, and senators, I denied the asserted Zht, three or four curvatures were observed in the spine cause. Of all the parts of the body, therefore, the bones education of Scotland as a model worthy of England

likeness, and with gloomy complacency beld up the Ler death. She died after enduring the most dreadful are most easily preserved, and for many ages retain and of the world to copy. I wot that through ignoGerings from fever, spitting of blood, and convul- their size and figure: and we are sometimes permitted, rance ! did it!...

etimes permitted. I rance I did it!" But such was my honest and ardent Ons. A more circumstantial detail of this case will after the lapse of centuries, to contemplate these remains

| conviction of being in the right, that I undertook a som

litary tour to the Highlands and Hebrides, for the ex found in the Memoirs of the Academy of Sciences of of the mighty dead, who have filled the world with their press purpose of collecting facts, to refute what I ther dance. It may be worthy of remark here, that the fame, and have left a name that will live for ages after thought a base calumoy. rull of this project, I traQepes of children contain a greater proportion of gelatine their mouldering relics have crumbled to dust, and are

Ivelled day and night until I reached the borders of Ar2 an those of adults, andthat it is more viscid and softer no more.

syleshire. My first enquiry, at the first hamlet, wir

for the schoolmaster. He spent the evening with me: R its consistence.

“ Imperious Cæsar, dead, and turn'd to clay,

and, to my unspeakable satisfaction, I found that his The presence of the other ingrediente is detected by I

Might stop a hole to keep the wtud away.

ucbool was well attended. k was, indeed, too small;


for groups of little Highlandmen were approaching in itself a family on a large scale, hereditary feuds and were provided. In 1738, the stock of the socie every direction; not as Shakespeare's tyro

mutual jealousies have hitherto prevented any effec- amounted to £29,000, and be number of their school •Crawling like a snail, unwillingly;'

tive union of the whole, in behalf of the whole. For, to 112. At this period, a second patent was obtained but, like their own mountain deer, bounding through even now, their respective chieftains do not all act lo- from the crown; and their pl

plan embraced schools of the mist and the heather. Thus far my hopes were

gether in promoting any national object but loyalty. | female industry, as well as of general education. But realized; but, before that day's journey closed, I had

There are, indeed, noble exceptions to this charge; it wonld occupy too much time to trace the progress begun to collect facts, not to refute, but to confirm the

but I regret to say, that even the national pride of of this excellent society; suffice to say, that in a period

some does not seem wounded, by the exposure of of eighty-seven years, it educated 287,000 persons in report which galled me. Such were the results of one day's observations, and before embarking for the He

300,000 Highlanders unable to read! I could speak the Highlands and Islands of Scotland. brides, I had great heaviness and continual sorrow of

daxgers on this subject, but I forbear: you do not need “Since the year 1725, there has been in operation in them, and th

m. and they could not reach the consciences of another society, it such it may be called, I mean the heart for my brethren.'

Committee for managin " I offer no apology for thus speaking of myself: those who remain unmoved by such a spectacle. Committee for managing the Royal Bounty. George I. a my only motive for doing so is, to remove from your

"The political causes which have contributed to per- gave a donation of £1000, to be employed by the Go minds the unbelief which once occupied my own

| petuate the reign ot ignorance in the Highlands, al- neral Assembly, for the reformation of the Highlands That Scotsman lives not who is more unwilling than I

Tihough no longer in operation, I pass over in silence. fand Islands, and other places where popery and indowas to believe that 300,000 of his countrymen cannot

Their embers are yet too hot to be safely handled by rance abounded. In 1796, this Committee emploved read any language. I resisted conviction until over

any party: and both political and theological questions twenty-six missionaries and twenty-two catechists powered by the evidence of my own senses on the spot.

are equally foreign to the purpose and spirit of our In 1811, the Royal Bouncy was increased to £8000 Pa Judge, then, with whar rapture I now hail this first meeting. I proceed, therefore, to remark.

andum; and thus the scale of operation bas been ese

“3. That public attention has been diverted from the larged, and the plan rendered more efficient. opportunity of pleading the cause of the Highlands in Liverpool : that opportunity you have furnished; and

ignorance in the Highlands and Islands, by the “I now lay before you a brief account of the society 1.3:

advanced state of education in the Lowlands of whose cause I am engaged to plead. The Gælic Can sy were any one but myself their advocale, I would congratulate the North Britens' Society on being the


culating Schools Society was formed in the year 1811.

"Until lately our national character for general know- at Edinburgla, under the patronage of the Earls dos first to originate in this town, a public measure in be.

ledge, like the pillar of cloud to the lews, presented Moray, Selkirk, and Breadalbade. In 1817, they had half of the Gaelic Schools. The credit of having done

only its bright side to England. England, dazzled and upwards of sixty schools, containing several thouse so is exclusively your own; for, however anxious I

delighted by its “sweet influences" on the coinmunity of both old and young, learning to read the word of was to call the attention of the public to this object, I

in the Lowlands, never dreamt that the side fronting God in their native language. 1 his rapid progres, iak durst not have ventured even to suggest it to your so- rhe Atlantic was as dark as the side which that pillarso short a time, is interesting; but as yet the clart ciety, knowing and approving, as I did, of your prior

presented to the Egyptians. How could she ? Even of the society is 'its plan I pray you mark it: the

Scotland overlooked or forgot the condition of her schools are not stationary, but circulating. Eacbe ka I Having cbus secured a mutual understanding on

Highlands. Until this day, some of you had no accu- schoolmaster, like the sun when he sets on out the subject, allow me now to enumerate some of the

rate idea of that condition. In fact, we have all con- hemisphere, rises upon anorber with healing under causes which have contributed to keep our Highland

nived at public mistakes on this subject. Generous, his wings. When the teachers have brought their and Island kinsmen in a state of deplorable ignorance.

confiding England has long given our country credit / pupils in one quarcer forward enough to read the “1. The local situation of their residence is unfavour

for being generally enlightened, and we were proud to | Bible with some ease, they leave them to the charge u able to the general diffusion of knowledge.

bear our peasantry applauded : we joined in the eulo- some benevolent neighbout, and proceed at once Our northern mountains and lakes, sounds and ra. I gium, without qualifying its terms; and were too much break up new ground. Thus they literally tuli vines, while they present to the eye of taste scenes of #attered by Scotland's fame, to think seriously of Scot- | Isaiah's propbecy, that many shall run to and froid imposing sublimity and stupendous grandeur, present land's defects. Thus we have all, unintentionally per knowledge may be increaserd. Oh! chst my lips, ties to the heart of the philanthropist appaDing obstacles: baps, but actually, assisted in keeping up delusion on Isaiah's, were touched this morning with a live coal while they expand the soul with strong emotions, this subject : for which of us has not spoken more of from the altar of God, that I might convey, in and elevate the thoughts to high communion with the knowledge in the Lowlands, than of the ignorance “Thoughts that breathe and words that burn, the presiding spirit of the scene, they also depress in the Highlands ? I blush for myself, and you are not what I have seen and heard of these Galic School : both: by creating a deep sense of danger, as being in- guillless. These things ought not to be. Methinks | Such groups collected around the Bible, leaning of separable from all attempts to universalize the know-lhe ci

the genius of our country, CALEDONIA! frowns from read, were never seen : so diversised, so in carcere ledge of that spirit in the Highlands. It seems as if her cloudy throne on Bennevis, and cries in thunder, Picture to yourselves, for a moment, in one group,

could only be heard there in the thunder of bis Let my sister Albion know the truth concerning my lyart veteran of fourscore and ten, and the s power : only read in the works of his hands; only en- Gælic children: the polar splendours which shoot and child; the spectacled granny, and the snooded mailto loved througb the medium of visible nature. I shall ne-l circulate around me, are not the emblems of their | tbe nursing mother with her babe in her aims, be ver forget the force with wbicb this discouraging ideal education : the mists of Morven, che vapours of Tirec, father with bis sons at his knee; all at one lesso, pressed on my own heart, while, from a series of lofty are just emblems of their ignorance. I, therefore, I one time! Such is the fact; and if the rehearsal 21 eminences, I surveyed the stormy gulpbs which incharge you to own and to announce this in future,

conception of it thrill the soul with extacy, judge 79 tersect the Hebrides; the cloudy mountains and pach.

until your kinsmen cease to perish for lack of know what must be the effect of gazing on this scene; of lese wilde which distioguish the Highlands. My eyel ledge!' Allow me now to lay before you a brief listening to these sounds, in a school where you was searching out a path for the missionary; central sketch of what has been done in bebalf of the High

parents and their grand-cbildren; parepts and the gpots for schools; channels of safe communication, be| lands and Islands of Scotland.

children, are thus employed. In some places there tween island and island, between valley and valley, But

“ 'There are in Scotland about a thousand parishes.

classes of mothers; and those who can leave last at first sight. such was the conviction of impossibility, I'To furnish each of these with a parochial school was I infants at honie, nurse in the school the inlari that with all my fondoess for the mountains and val. an object of early and earnest attention soon after the could not be left, while their mothers readas leys of Caledonia, I could have wished, at the moment,

reformation. By an act of James VI. in 1616, he re- | At Glencalvie, in Rosshire, the school presen: 3 Isaiah's phrophecy literally fulblled: • every valley er: quested the bishops to solicit the heritors to make pro- the winter of 1815 the strange but touching species alted, and every mountain made low : rough places | vision for a school in every parish. This proposal was of the veteran Iverach, in the 117th year of his 84 made plain, and crooked straight, that the glory of the ratified by his son, Charles I, in 1663. And by a learning to read by the side of a young mother, ". Lord mighi be revealed, and all my kinsmen according second statute in 1646, the heritors were bound to pro- in the ardour of her desire to learn, had brought sa to the flesh see it together.' But when I recollected that vide en i recollected that vide a school-house, and a salary for the schoolmaster,

cradle and child to the school. O my country, the he who had made of one blood all nations of men,' I which, with the quarterly fees, should be adequate to

neglected in some parts, thy native spirit burns had also appointed the bounds of their habitation,' This support. During the Commonwealth, the parlia. I felt that the difficulties, though great, were not in- ment of Scotland enacted, that a school should be es

Even in thine ashes live thy wonted fires ;' surmountable. The ancient seminary at Jona, and the tablished in every parish, for the education of the

for, though smothered by neglect, they are not erur modern one at Lisurora, reminded me that Catbolics poor. But this wise statute was repealed at the resto

Highland minds, like Flighland mountains, tas had surmounted all the local obstacles; and the exist- I ration. by Charles II It was forgotten during the covered by clouds and mists: but let the son of knee ing Protestant Kirks and schools, proved that the enterprise of the Gaelic Society was not hopeless.

her James; but was re-enacted in the covered by clouds and mists; but let the sun of kneel

ledge arise and shine, and they will be the first to an The Scottish parliament, after the revolution by Wilham his beams, and the fairest to reflect them. Beforees localities of the country have, however, operated as I and Mary. Its benefits, however, extended but slowly cluding this part of the discourse, let me remind your hindrances; but now that natives are employed to teach and sligholy to the Highlands. The first grand na- that in all the schools of this society, the BIBLE che nacive language, there is no rigour in the climate, I tional effort in their behalf, originated in the British I class-book : the sole obiect of the society being to no risk in the sounds, no maze in the wilderness too parliament, in the 4th session of Geo. I. Then it was

the inhabitants of the Highlands and Islands, to read formidable to theni. enacted, that £20,000 of the movies arising from the

the sacred Scriptures in their native tongue. The « 2. The general spirit of clanship has contributed to Scottish estates, forfeited in the rebellion of 1715, the grand characteristic of the institution--the the reign of ignorance. should be converted into a capital stock; the interest olor

| glory of the plan. On this fact I ground its prinos Clansbip, viewed at the distance we contemplate It of wbich should be employed in erecting and main.

claim; and the weight of tbat claim you cannot from, and under the influence of hereditary feelings, taining schools in the Highlands of Scotland.

feel: for you know that the Bible in her schudlin which hallow the abstract idea, is a very different “Nine years before this, however, the society in been the

been the purifying and preserving 'salt' of SV thing from the sober reality, even now. Hoary as its Scotland, for propagating Christian knowledge, had | And England Should know that whatever she 20

rive mountains with age, it seems to us as a vene. I been incorporated, by letters patent, under the great of talents or morals in the sister kingdom, origine rable fragment of the primitive world. But, like seal, by Queen Anne. But, even with this patron- I chiefly from the rank which the Bible held in ons * Hindoo cast, it once lowered the general character of age, and an act of the General Assi mbly, recommen

rochial scbools. England should be aware that on "the clans, in almost every thing except bravery, hospi-ding collections to be made in all the churches witbin relaxing io with one of northern morals, is to be 12,0 tality, and endurance. In these public virtues the their jurisdiction, only, £1000 were raised for this in the Birst instance, to the melancholy fret, ibuclans have always been proverbially eminent, and con-national object. This was in 1709. Ta 1712 the funds man

many schools the Bible bas become unfashiobabies stitutionally strong. But while each clan has been in lof the society amounted to £4000, abd five schools I proceed


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*To enforce the duties we owe to our long-neglected the Gaelic thanksgiving "Gu dihugadh Dia mor nargras | THE FOLLOWING WAS THE STATE OF THE CALENand ignorant kinsmen. S togin I paidh dhaibh o nach urain sinn a dheanamh !'"

DAR AT THE LAST OLD BAILEY SESSIONS. The duties themselves are obvious: we owe to our

London. Middlesex. brethren, tender sympathy and prompt assistance; and

Phil. Housebreaking......................

The following is the speech delivered by Mr. Philthat not merely on this occasion, but during the whole

Burglary................... lips at the public dinner at the York Hotel. remaining period of our lives: for many years must ** Mr. President and Gentlemen,--If the subject

Forgery ............ elapse before the Highlands, and, especially, before the

Uttering forged Notes................ which I introduced to your notice this morning were slands can be evangelized. Look at the wide and wild

Highway Robbery.......... one of ordinary interest I would not intrude again ; field to be cultivated : several of the parishes are larger

kiStealing'a dwelling-house.......... but content myself with acknowledging the thanks than some of the lowland counties. Lesmore and you have thus warmly presented to me. You are,

Hore-stealing............. Appen, Kelmanivaig and Kilmorac are each of them

Sacrilege................................... however, affected by the melancholy details you have about sixty miles long. The parish of Lochbroom, | listened to, and there are Englishmen present, upon

| Larcenies ................................ the wildest in Scotland, is as extensive as the whole

| Bigamy ...................... whom an appeal will not be lost. I cannut, therefore, sypod of Ross, which employs 23 ministers, besides sit down without appealing to this large and harmonia

Receiving stolen goods.............. Machers and catechists. Time would fail me to desous meeting. It is, itself. a fine miniature of that

Stealing from the person.... gribe: but tuto to the map. I beg pardon, I am UNION which now subsists between Scotland and

Embezzlement ....... speaking to gatives : turn to your memory, and say England : and the principles and purposes of that union

Misdemeanor.................. what is a parish school-what, a few stationary schools,

will furnish additional motives to enforce the claims of in the vast districts which rise to your view? And our kinsmen on Britons of every name.

Perjury ...............................

0 now while they are stretching before you in long and

“Scotland and England are no longer rivals, except in Lonely vision ; think of the dreary winters in glens,

89 the arena of laudable emulation. The rose embalms


166 where there is no bible nor any one able to read it : the thistle with fragrance, and the thistle embosoms

The following was the State of Newgate on the 1st inst. think of the cheerless sabbaths, in hamlets separated a the rose amidst sheltering foliage. Nor is this an union

Males. Females. from the Kirk by gulphis often impassible even in sum

Convicts under the sentence of death... of symbols only: our sentiments are united-our affec

45 mer: think of the sick and dying in huts which the

--upon whom the judgment of the minister can visit but seldom, and where the inmates

tions joined. And after indulging, as we have done
to-day, our nationalities in the presence and with the

Court has been respited....................
cannot supply his absence by using the word of God.
applause of our townsmen, it is impossible not to ex.

- under sentence of transportation Thioking of these privations and hardships cannot fail

claim. Behold, how good and pleasant it is for brethren for life............... to embue your minds with the spirit of Paul; “I have to dwell together in unity.'

for fourteen years.................. great heaviness and continual sorrow of heart for my “It was not always thus between the two nations;

seven years........ brethrenny kinsmen according to the flesh." Bear

Prisoners under sentence of imprisonof and to their long separation may be traced much of with me for a moment while I enforce the duty of

ment for felony and misdemeanors... assisting them.

the ignorance which has hitherto prevailed in the High-
I urge it
lands. Nothing effectual was done for them until the

Committed by Commissioners of Bank-
By our intimate relationship. They are our kins-
union was completed. Allow me, therefore, to trace

| rupts ....................... men: and when was this appeal ever lost on the hearts of Scotsmen? We boast of the tenderness and

for a moment, the rise, progress, and consummation of 1 For trial at the present session ............ Inteoseness of our love to our country and to our chat glorious league.

Admiralty session............................ "The first overture of union was made by Edward | For the Assizes... ......................... coantrymen. We have become proverbial for the fre

| 1. co the Regency of Margaret of Norway, the only quency and fervency with which we speak of them. child of Alexander III and the sole heir of the Scottish

Total .............. 816 132 Every badge and banger, which now meets my eye

crown. But her sudden death prevented the marriage attests an enthusiastic regard of some kind for them :

which was to incorporate the two kingdoins. From and shall we wave their national banners with tri.

THE BANDITTI OF CALABŘIA AND THE ROMAN that time until Henry VII no other overture.was made amph, but forget their spiricual wants! Shall we

STATE. by either side. No wonder ! Iç was the period of tipend our money on the garb of Old Gael, and Wallace and Bruce, and whether their creatment or

These bands are chiefly composed of disbanded sol pichbold it from Gael themselves, when they are pe

their triumphs be considered, concessions could not be diers concealed within the mountains bordering upon risking for lack of knowledge? Forbid it Patriot expected from them. Peace existed for a time between the great roads : the intrepidity, the coolness, and above Forbid it Presbyterianism! Nature forbids it, and is

James IV. and Henry VII.; and their relationship now almost forcing from every heart che high resolve laid the foundation by which the English crown de.

all the tactics of these men, too plainly betray the former my kinsman shall not perish for lack of knowledge!

volved on tbe Royal line of Scotland. Henry VIII. profession of their leaders. They have their spies in the I urge the duty of assisting them

made one overture to James V.; and after his death, towns, in the inns, and on the roads. The moment 14 By their generous hospitality, that touched even the another to che Regency; but both were frustrated by Seart of Jolinson himself, and lor a moment vanquished the intrigues of France, although both were popular in

in their prey presents himself, already acquainted with the his inveterate prejudices. And we all know what a

Scotland. From this time until the death of Elizabeth, value of the prize, they pour down upon him, and Highland welcome is: there is nothing more cordial

the very idea of union was abandoned and forgotten. their number and resolution render resistance useless, e earth. Noching is thought too good for the stranger: Even when James was called to the throne of England, and even extremely dangerous. These men, who, in the best seat at the fire is vacated for his comfort-the

nothing was contemplated beyond a junction of crowns. best bottle is opened for his refreshment the best bed An equitable union of kingdoms was indeed talked of

fact, want nothing but your purse, are not generally so proffered for his repose, and when he departs benedic.

and urged by the Monarch ; but while he seemed to ferocious as their appearance would seem to announce tions are bestowed upon him in tens of thousands

promote it, he was secretly encumbering its progress Never, or at least very rarely, do they proceed to acts You know that in the Highlands every house and every | by legal subtlecies and dexterous maneuvres. It was of cruelty, except when their personal safaty demands bart would be open to you, were you benighted, or

reserved for CROMWELL to bring forward a liberal bewildered, or weary. Aid would be delicately offered and equitable plan of union. The light he sbed upon

such acts : in a word, they never kill but to avoid being Before you could ask it : your wants would be antici.

its object, and che bias he created in its favour, indem- killed. As soon as they see the traveller's carriage apPated by your looks. And is this a people to be neg- nify our national pride for the conquests he achieved in proaching, they draw a strong cord across the road in lected? If they are such diamonds in the rough, what

Scotland : for, if we bear the scars of his sword, we would their radiance be were they polished by educa

s sword, we front of him and this throws or stops the horses. One

have also the marks of his impartiality. He was the tion, and enchased by religion? This you may assist first who would allow Scotland to have an equal weigbt of the gang goes to the head of the horses, others cut in doing. I urge it,

balance of the kingdoms. Even William came the traces, and others seize the luggage and carry "Byour obligations to them.-And these are neither | short of this impartiality at the revolution, and inter- l it off; meantime two of them open the doors of the few nor small; but extend alike to Britons of every posed his laconic “not yet, not yet," to the plan of an hame. Highlandinen are happily no longer in the equitable union. In a word--the chistle and the rose

carriage, make the travellers descend, and, in the most teated field; but when the crowns of Europe and the could never be placed in one vase so as to share alike profound silence, with their pistols at their breasts Independence of Britain were the stakes in that field, | in its waters uncil Anne undertook the task: she formed keep them in awe, while others search their persons. they were rapid as their northern lights, and restless as and filled a vase for theni, and now they embrace and land sometimes abridge their

and sometimes abridge their work by cutting the travella their mountain storms in the migbcy contest. Their embalm each other, and present to the world a junction name is on every leaf of Wellington's laurels and of beauty and strength unparalelled. May it be eter

er's clothes, by pieces from off his back. All this is the Imperishably engraved on the eternal pillars of Moore Aal! Our King to the credit of his acknowledged business of a few minutes : and all this occurs regularla and Abercrombie And shall that emblazoned name taste, has just issued a new coinage, on which the rose, | two or three times a month, in spite of pretended guards. be blotted from the Lamb's Book of Life? Shall the the chistle and shamrock are equally blazoned, and Sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God,' be with what must gratify us the thistle is uppermost! And Pa

placed at distances, to escort the traveller. The banditti held le hands that wielded t

the clawmore in our | now, shall it blossom under the sbades of ignorance. J Of Rome, Napics, and Calabri defence ? I see your answer in your looks: an impas and in a soil of intellectual barrenness? Shall 300,000, ( liberty but your life dependent on the payment of your sioned negative flushes you

shes your cheeks and flutters on your beings who glory in it as their 'symbol dear, be left to ransom. By an audacity, which is shamefully suffered lips. My abiect is gained, if you will now act upon perish for lack of knowledge ? Spirit of the union, Your present convictions ; for if this excitement is not forbid the thought ! Catch that spirit, and out of this

: to shew itself with impunity, they treat daily with the allowed to subside with St. Andrew's day, then the society may grow an union in behalf of the Highlands relatives or friends of those who have fallen into their Wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for you; which shall materially further

for you; which shall materially further their improvement. hands : a bill of exchange, extorted from the captive. and the desart shall rejoice and blossom as

e and blossom as the rose :' | Spread in your respective circles the facts which bave 1 is coolly presented by one of the robbers to his relation the glory of Cebagon', shall be given to Bennevis ; | been submitted to you this morning : they are facts." * the excellency of Carmel and Sharon' to Rona and ... For confirmation of these facts, the reader is or his banker, and the prisoner's head answers to the Scbiehallion. All your native mountains will ring with referred to the Edinburgh Christian lastructor of 1817. banditti for the payment.


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A damask cheek, an iv'ry arm,

Scientific Kecords.
Shall ne'er my wishes win :
Give me an animated form,
That speaks a mind within.

|| Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve.

ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sig. A face where awful honour shines,

gular Medical Cases; A

Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mine. Where sense and sweetness move,

Astronomical, Mechanical

ralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural Poetry. And angel innocence refines

History; Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.; to be The tenderness of love.

continued in a series through the volume.) · THE AMERICAN MUSE. These are the soul of beauty's frame,

NORTHERN EXPEDITION. The following interesting piece was written by Miss

Without whose vital aid, Lydia Huntley, (now Mrs. Sigourney) of Connecti.

Unfinish'd all her features seem,

(Continued from our former Numbers, pages 177 & 156, cut. The American critics observe that there is sel

And all her roses dead.

and to be continued in our future Publications.) dom found, even in the vaunted English publications, But Oh! when both these charms unite, productions of superior merit.

How perfect is the view !

“ We have at present very little to add THE CREATION. With ev'ry image of delight,

upon this subject in the shape of narrative; Being the first number selected as a specimen of a series

And graces ever new.

but even a few gleanings and some obser. of pieces on scripture objects, intended for the use of

Their powers too faintly to express, young people.

vations may be acceptable. . When Night and Chaos reign'd with awful sway,

All language does despair ;

“It would appear from the hardihood And o'er the unform'd earth thick darkness lay;

But go, behold my Margaret's face, The Almighty VOICE awoke the kindling strife,

with which our countrymen bore the el.

And read them perfect there. And call'd the dormant elements to life.

cessive cold to which they were exposed, • Let there be light !" a sudden ray there came,


that a good deal of exaggeration must be Like ether, pure, and piercing as the flame.

long to the accounts previously given of the “ Let day arise !" a blush of purple flow'd;

By the Rev. C. Cotton.

sufferings endured in frozen regions. We The young dawn trembled, and the morning glow'd.

never read of human beings existing at 559 “ Let night divide the empire of the day!" And frowning darkness claim'd his ancient sway.

Time is the most undefinable yet paradoxical of below Zero, at more then 12° below the

things; the past is gone, the future is not come, and Then like an arch the azure skies were rear'd; the present becomes the past, even while we attempt to point at which mercurs become The seas were gather'd ; and the earth appear'd,

define it, and like the flash of lightniug at once exist indeed, at any thing like that temperature, Clad with fresh Aowers, and plants of gentle root,

and then expires. Time is the measurer of all things,

but is itself immeasureable, and the great discloser of all without experiencing far greater incontes Herb yielding seed, and tree presenting fruit.

things, but is itself undisclosed. Like space it is inThen, where the curving skies the ocean prest,

comprehensible, because it has no limit, and it would | niences than seem to have attended our na

be still more so if it had. It is more obscure in its vigators. Captain Sabine's servant, to be The sun, all glowing, darted from his rest,

source than the Nile, and in its termination than the Pale cast the moon her first and timid glance, Niger; and advances like the slowest tide, but retreats sure, lost most of his fingers; and we And the stars sparkled o'er the blue expanse.

like the swiftest current. It gives wings to pleasure, Idaratond

re, derstand, that another man also was deprirs

het another mon olen mee dennis but feel of lead to pain, and lends expectation a curb, Mild ocean's wave with scaly silver glow'd;

but enjoyment a spur. It robs beauty of her charms, ed of all the end joints of one hand ; ulcers Birds soar'd in air, and hover'd o'er the flood :

to bestow them on her picture, and builds a monument Above, around, the tones of rapture sigh'd

to merit, but denies it a house; it is the transient and I on the face were the effects of incautios “ Live, and rejoice,” the forming God reply'd,

deceitful flatterer of falsehood, but the tried and final exposure ; but we hear of no such fatal 20

friend to truth. Time is the most subtle yet the most Sport on the cloud, and thro' the waters glide"

insatiable of depredators, and by appearing to take cidents as are common even in Russia. Our Next rising slow, a mix'd and varied birth,

nothing, is permitted to take all, nor can it be satisfied | brave fellows stood the extremest weather

until it has stolen the world from us, and us from the Unnumber'd beasts came moving o'er the earth :

world. It constantly fies, yet overcomes all things by with muffers up to their noses and warm caph They crept, they sported wild, they stalked with pride, 1

h pride, I fight, and allthough it is the present ally, it will be the 'Or cropt the grass, or drank the limpid tide;

future conqueror of death. Time, the cradle of hope, descending to their eyes and covering the

but the grave of ambition' is the stern corrector of fools, Some with awd gaze the wond'rous scene survey'd,

ears; and after a little experience of the but the salutary counsellor of the wise; bringing all And some lept fearless, in the cooling shade.

they dread to the one, and all they desire to the other; climate, they avoided casualties by very Serene, the great CREATOR clos'd his plan,

but like Cassandra, it warns us with a voice that even simple means. The person bitten was him

sages discredit too long, and the silliest believe too And stamp'd HIS IMAGE on the form of man ;

late. Wisdom walks before it, opportunity with it, and self unconscious of the attack; but eachi Gave life and motion to a mass of clay, .

repentance behind it; he that has made it his friend, Eye speaking thought, and brow denying sway; will have little to fear from his enemies; but he that has

“ looking in his neighbour's face" as they Reason to judge, and majesty to awe, made it his enemy, will have little to hope from his

went, warned his companion when he saw friends. Soine monarch, holding sway o'er all he saw.

his nose grow white in consequence of the Last came a Female Form, more soft and fair,

frost. Turning from the wind, and a fer And Eden smil'd to see the stranger there.


minutes gentle friction with the hand, (oril The tones of joy from harps seraphic rung;

very much injured, with snow,) invariabir The stars of morning in their courses sung;

In the peninsula of Abeberon, in the province of Earth echo'd back the shout of grateful love,

Schirwan, formerly belonging to Persia but now in restored the circulation, and the tone of the From hill, and valley, cavern, stream, aud grove: Russia, there is fouod a perpetual, or as is there part : and unless allowed to go too far, no Man, fill'd with praise, in silent rapture stood : called, an eternal fire. It rises, or has risen from GOD bow'd to viewbis work, and GOD PRONOUNC'D time immemorial, froin an irregular orifice of about pain wlratever was felt. But when seriously

twelve feet in depth, with a constant flame. The affected, the agony of restoring the circu. · IT GOOD.

Aame rises to the beight of six or eight feet, uni

:llation was dreadful. attended with smoke, and yields ņo srell. Tbeation was dreadful.

Aperture, which is about 120 feet in width, consists « Beer, wine, and spirits became ice; the TRUE BEAUTY.

of a mass of rock, ever retaining the same solidity | beer was destroyed, but the wine and spurn

and the same depth. The finest turf grows about The shape alone, let others prize,

the borders, and at the distance of two toises are were tolerably good when thawed. The features of the fair ;

two springs of water. The neighbouring inbabitants « The ship's timbers were of the temperi I look for spirit in her eyes,

have a sort of veneration for this are, and celebrate
And meaning in her air.
it with religious ceremonies,

Iture of the surrounding element, and where


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to let of Parry to a passage into Jelves; and daring, with bottles, in wh

rings for thinking that these

and inclosing botage

ever the iron bolts and fastenings ran through, famed North-West passage. It has been shoot up 8 or 10 inchés : and these green i they became studded with rosettes of trans. suggested, that as Cook could not enter stalks were the only green peas they devour

parent ice. The most comfortable sleep Behring's Straits, no other navigators could ed as vegetables. Raddishes got to the - was obtained by converting the blankets issue thence; and therefore, that though the second leaf on the soil of Melville Island. into large bags drawn at the mouth. Into Polar Sea was attained from Baffin's Bay, Onions and leeks refused to grow. In the these the slumberer crept, and some com- that sea must be the limit of the utmost ships small salad was produced for invalids; rade, who kept the watch, closed him in by voyage. For the above reasons, we are in- | happily, the scurvy never got the ascendpulling the strings.

. clined to question this theory, and especially ancy. i "The visit of the great bear, formerly as Hearne and Mackenzie both speak of “Other officers were engaged in erecting * mentioned, was a grand event. He came open seas on the northern coast of America, monuments upon the heights to commemo

smelling up to the Hecla, when Captain to which, supposing the Prince Regent's rate the extraordinary circumstances of the to Parry got out his gunsmen to dispatch him. Inlet of Parry to lead, there will then be expedition. Huge cairns, by these means, bu Owing to some misconception of their di- no impediment to a passage into the Pacific crown the most obvious hills, and remain

rections they fired in platoon, and only except in Behring's Straits themselves; and the rude but proud monuments of British wounded the shaggy monster, who retired we see no reason for thinking that these, daring, with inscriptions to tell the date,

growling and bloody. But the sport con- following the same rules as Lancaster's and inclosing bottles, in which the principal mee isted in the general chase given by the crew Sound, may not be as practicable as that events of the voyage are written and sealed off both vessels, who ran after him two or Sound has been ascertained to be, though up. hree miles, till he secured himself by cross- till now held impassable.

| " It was on their way home, when far down ng some ice. This chase was famous fun! “We have not many other particulars to Davis's Straits, that Captain Parry fell in or our jolly tars, and enlivened their spirits state. Captain Parry, when out from the with two families of Esquimaux, of whose then below Zero.

ships for three weeks, went entirely across residence he was apprized by a whaler. * We omitted the notice of one very ma- Melville Island, and beheld the sea on the He accordingly visited them, and they in ** Arial fact in our last, a fact, which may be other side. It is evident, that the icy ocean turn visited the ships. They betrayed none ir pnsidered the most important of any ascer- here contains a mighty archipelago of is of the terror which filled the tribe seen by

fined, in so far as relates to the prosecution lands, of which Greenland is probably the Captain Ross; but accepted the beads and f future inquiries in these seas. Through-Igrertest. When travelling on land, our knives presented to them with inconceivable pt the year, the wind blows almost con- gallant countrymen hunted, and rested in joy. Indeed their raptures were so excessive fantly, either from the North, or from tents like those of hucksters at a village that it was with the utmost difficulty one of lorthern points of the compass. And as fair. They were formed of boarding pikes, them could be made to sit still while his oon as the sun begins to produce an effect, &c. and covered with sails and blankets. portrait was sketched. He was continually (radiation of heat from the land ensues, Sometimes they tried to eat the produce starting and jumping up, shouting augh! which by the height of summer, July and of their guns : but the foxes were very augh! and playing off the most violent August, becomes very powerfuland active.-disgusting, and the musk-ox resembled the contortions of joy; which were participated The result of these two operations of nature, toughest beef stewed in musk sauce. The by his comrades, when they witnessed the

the loosening and release of the ice on cause of the fox being su much more dis- picture. Several of the officers accompa. the Northern coasts ; and its consequent tasteful than we have been told they are nied Captain Parry to their huts, where friving towards the South. Thus, instead about Spitzbergen is, we presume, the want they saw their women and children. The of the southern sides of bays, straits, and of that abundance of food from the seal, former, instructed by their husbands, who seas, where navigators would plausibly look morse, &c. which their species find in the had learnt it from their visit to the ships the for channels of open water (under the sup- latter country.

day before, ran out and shook hands with position that they would be most likely to “ During their perhiemation, the aurora- the strangers. There was one pretty lookle found in the milder latitude), it actually borealis was but once or twice slightly visi. ing girl of twelve or thirteen years of age. happens, that the openings exist on the ble to the voyagers, . towards the north. The children were horribly frightened, and dorthern sides, where the radiation of heat, Towards the south it was inore vivid ; but roared lustily in spite of beads and toys. aided by the prevailing north winds, de- about the latitude of 60° seems to be the The whole number of natives was about taches the frozen mass from the shore, and seat of this phenomenon ; and its appear twenty. They had probably seen or heard blowing it off, leaves a tolerable passage be- ance is not only much more brilliant of Europeans before. No arms were oh

tween the ice and the land. On their re- from Newfoundland, but from the Northern served among them; but one of the little * turn up Lancaster's Sound, the expedition Scottish Isles, than from the Arctic Circle. boys had a miniature bow and arrow, which

reaped the benefit of this discovery, sailing Only one flash of lightning was observed showed their acquaintanc with this weapon. - on the north side while the south was com-| by our sailors. : .

The skins of the animals they had killed pletely blocked up. Vessels hereafter sent “ When the fine weather set in, several seemed to be pierced with arrows as well as to explore the arctic regions will, of course, of the officers employed themselves in at- spears. be guided with reference to this principle ; tempting to garden. Forcing under mats, « Taking leave of them about the end of and thus, we doubt not, be enabled to reach as well as growing in the free air, was the first week in September, the expedition more distant points, if not to achieve the tried. One succeeded in getting peas to steered homeward. The ships were separata:

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