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The public discussion of a proposed question from a place of public amusement ? But this the THE CHARITARLE DONATIONS.-C._Tate consider to be eminently calculated to rouse and utmost rigour of the law shall determine : and as the

AND EASY SOCIETY,-W-NEREIDES,-and B.

PREE strengthen the exalting faculty of reason. It residence of the keeper brings the Town-hall under the

A. HEYWOOD, Esq. will be acknowledgod in the urges the mind to search the pages of history, story, denomination of an inhabited house, I am informed that

Mercury of Friday." the shelves of experience, the recesses of thought, and the floweryfields of creative imagination, | an action will lie for a capital felony.

The friend to whom we are indebted for the Review for new and apt ideas, and appropriate argument.

St. Anne-street.

of Materialism, acknowledged in our last, will And the continued study to decorate our ideas with

we trust, permit us to claim a week's delar. some Aowerets of eloquence will eventually confer

in the fulfilment of our promise. We happen this & polish and a brilliancy, witbout which the acuteL TO THE WORSHIPFUL THE MAYOR.

week to have been favoured with several original.com,

munications, which relate to the prominent literary ness of the grammarian or the versatility of the lin.

topics of the day; and as we wish to "Catch the gaist would but faintly shine. The questions, too, The activity you have evinced, in correcting the living manners as they rise,” our corresponden proposed at this Society are of a moral tendency, and abuses that formerly existed in the town, has em

will, we doubt not, acquiesce in the propriety of the consideration of them must improve the judg. I holdened me to take the liberty of pointing out to you

our giving the priority to the critiques on KEYILment as well as ameliorate the heart

WORTH and on MIRANDOLA, which would have lost I could enlarge on this subject, but shall only ob

one which has hitherto apparently escaped your notice; something of their value by the delay of a week serve, that, ia pursuance of these opinions, I have and which, as it respect

and which, as it respects common decency and the We were also previously pledged to the writer of attended Mr. Ryley's debate; and although altogether morals of society, calls loudly for the interposition of

Horæ Otiosæ, whose 4th essay had been postponed. unskilled in public speaking, and possessing a very the magistrates. slender share of those gifts, either of education or

CHRISTMAS BAGATELLES.-By the permission of R | Your Worship will no doubt have observed the inaddress, generally deemed so essential to the attain

H. W. we shall reserve bis Enigma for a future orde ment of oratory, I have pleasure in stating, that the calculable number of indecent placards that are posted sion. We have inserted it on a former occasio:

when it was ascribed to Lord Byrom, and not to sit kind encouragement I experienced from a brilliant up in every part of the town, as disgusting to the eye,

Walter Scott, as assumed by R. H. W. audience, although far beyond my humble merits, and as revolting to the common feelings of decency as is a sufficient guarantee for the indulgence that the quack pretenders who expose them to public view CHESS.-We shall next week insert the letter of J. B. P. will be awarded to every essayist; and will, I are ignorant and illiterate.

accompanied by an explanatory note. trast, induce others to enter this wide field of instruction and amusement, from which they may

If there be no law of the land or bye-law that can If the subject recommended by A READER were os carry bome a far more grateful and ennobliog bene- put a stop to this nuisance, it is high time to frrme one, of too political a nature, its theological charage fit than they can promise themselves in the giddy as well for the good of society as to guard the public

would necessarily exclude it from our columos pursuits of fashion.

from the disgusting sight of indecent placards. I purpose making another attempt on Tuesday,

We can offer no decisive opinion upon the eligibi The question is (as it relates to the ladies) most

Formerly the puffs of these illiterate quacks were of the Series of Essays proffered by a STUDENT,

until we shall have some further means of ascertais: confined to the central parts of the town; but latterly appropriate for the debut of young gentlemen ; and some bold attempts will surely be made, as " none

ing in what manner he will execute the task he hou their impudence has increased to such an intolerable

imposed upon himself. The style of his introductor but the brave deserve the fair." Jf I can muster up pitch, that the walls and unoccupied shops are literally

letter is certainly unexceptionable; as is the skete time to arrange my ideas on the delightful subject covered with their filthy effusions,

he has chalked out: we only wait to see how the piers proposed, I intend to overwhelm with my eloquence Trusting that this growing evil may be taken notice

shall be filled, coloured, and finished.
all those who shall dare to asperse the lovely cred of by your Worship,
tures, who will ever find an advocate in

INDELICATE PLACARDS. -The letter of AMATOR
J.S. W.
I am your obedient servant,

DECORI will be found in our columns; and the
AMATOR DECORI.

writer is referred to the 48th page of our present > lume, where in noticing a former letter on the sea

subjeet we made several comments, which supersett STEALING OF HATS, &c.

the necessity of a repetition here. We fear the other and more serious evil, complained of by a FELLOW

TOWNSMAN, will not so easily admit of relEOFL TO THE EDITOR.

It is too deeply rooted and interwoven with the frames THE LATE SHAUGHNASEY, &c.-C. sen. may be

of society to yield to municipal regulations. It is for SIR,-Your notice of the closing scene at the La assured that the lines to the RAINBOW, by Campbell,

this reason, that we must avoid the agitation of

have not escaped our notice. dies' Charity ball, which has so much disgraced our

They are reserved for

question upon which discussion promises Do Real our next, as our poetical department is completely

result. town in the eyes of strangers who were present on that

occupied this week, by a variety of pieces, amongst occasion, though severe, was not more so than the

which is one addressed to MÁRY, by Sinclair, in

| The continuation of the original paper by C. OD Pin meanness of the individuals concerned most justly whom, we fancy we recognise our late lamented

Society, in our next. merited. Many gentlemen had their hats stolen, correspondent Shaughnasey O'Shaughnasey, Esq.

We say lamented, for if the quondam Custos Ro

We do not immediately recognise the paper to w although their names were written at full length on the

tulorum of Tipperary were alive, poor gentleman !

X. L. D. alludes, but shall consult our porttode: lining. I am in this situation; but having accidentally

it would revive his heart even more than that four.

the mean time, if it be not too much trouble, we mu discovered the fellow who has thus disgraced the charac teenth tumbler, which some people suspect led to his! thank him to particularise it. ter of gentleman, to which he still pretends, I have re

prematur

C.P.A FRIEND.-EGO.-F. and K. shall not be

classes of our readers, and particularly the fairer porn solved to prosecute him for a felony. Respect to some

overlooked.

tion, speak of him. The lamentation of those who individuals connected with him, has hitherto restrained

give credit to the catastrophe related by his survivor me from adopting so harsh a measure; but finding Dermot O'Goster, knows no bounds; and we doubt,

| The lines to a Fly are acceptable; the transcrit whether the Irish howl, as practised in its genu.

would oblige us by the name of the author, if they ar that he attempts to justify the theft on the plea “ that

ine perfection on those dative turf bogs, he has

not original. he himself lost as good a hat, and if I sent him that

immortalised in his first capto (verse eighth) is I Could L.G. favour us with the loan of the Edinburcu which he had lost, he would return mine, and not till one whit more sincere, although it may be somewhat

Magazine, containing the article he recommend *** then,” I siiall dismiss all further delicacy towards him. more vociferous than the lamentations so generally

insertion in the Kaleidoscope

heard for the premature and irreparable loss of Sir Had I taken his hat, it might have been fair to retaliate;

Shaughnasey, and his four unfinished cantos. For but as I went home without any hat, he cannot plead

our own parts, as Dermot O'Goster has not, as we

The extract from Sismondi in our next the strange argument he offers in palliation. What suspected, taken fire at the scepticism we last week

expressed as to the alleged death of his friend, we still would he say of a man who stopped him on the highentertain sanguine hopes that we shall shortly have to

Printed, published, and sold way and took his purse, alleging as an excuse that he

announce the reappearance of Mr. Shaughnasey, in himself had been previously robbed in that place? A

BY EGERTON SMITH AND CO. propria persona. gentleman in the hurry of leaving a crowded assembly

Liverpool Mercury Office. R. A. P. presents his or her respects to the editor and to may often mistake the hat or great coat of another for

our correspondent E. B. B. and begs some further ex | Sold also by John Bywater and Co. Pool-tant; . his own; but when he discovers his error, would, as has

planation respecting the conundrum, No. 29, in the Evans, Chegwin and Hall, Castle-street; Mr. I de happened in many cases on the late occasion, restore Kaleidoscope of the 16th instant, page 130, as he can- Smith, Paradise-street: Mr. Warbrick, me

not fully comprehend the solution in the succeeding it to the owner. What epithet does he deserve, who,

Library, Lime-street; Mr. G. P. Day, Newsne,

number, page 236. We beg to join in the request, with the name of the n the face, having already confessed ourselves too dull to perceive

Dale-street; and Mr. John Smith, St Jamess for weeks wears articles of dress which he purloined the full beauty of the explanation.

I for ready money only.

To Correspondents.

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Literature, Criticism, &c. and failure, life and death as a sort of page- | such an author; and for the delight afforded

ant, exhibited, and to be exhibited, for the to us, and given also, by anticipation, to all KENILWORTH;

exercise and amusement of an exuberant that are to follow us, we ought to be, and Á ROMANCE. BY THE AUTHOR OF WAVERLEY, &c and restless fancy. Our modern author truly are, grateful, but especially for the In 3 vols. Edinburgh 1821.

looks upon human nature in a manner nearly work now before us, which, for magical

similar. To him, also, it is a gay or a tragic reality, yields to none of its precursors; and Amongst the many advantages and conveniences we derive from the establishment of the Kaleidoscope, we pageant; it is a bundle of tales of time

pageant; it is a bundle of tales of times which, for sustained interest, is beyond all do not regard it as one of the least, that it affords us that are done, and for. times that are to the rest. The present romance is not so the opportunity of making occasional selections from come; of which some are tragic, some co-imaginative_SO poetical in its language as the writings of our ablest brother journalists. In the exercise of this privilege, we have selected for our present publication some very able comments from would out-laugh Shakspeare, kowever,

would out-laugh Shakspeare, however, and think, displayed in the management of the the Scotsman, upon a subject of very general interest | din him with louder mirth; he is more smit- plot; the parts, taking them altogether, are at the present moment. We make choice of this ar- ten, perhaps, with a love of the marvelous; better cast; and there are fewer interrupticle, because, independently of the immediate interest

he would enter more keenly into the merits tions of the main business of the piece. it possesses from the recent appearance of Kenilworth, the critique itself forms an exception to those tiresome of a struggle ; he would not yield to him There are some digressions and some and diffuse dissertations, in which a very meagre por- in his admiration of what is magnanimous trifling underplots it is true, but they are tion of original comment is swallowed up in an ocean in the walks of what may be called active managed with more than usual discretion; of extracts, which, after all, seldom give any distinct

and personal, as opposed to mental ambi. since while they afford the necessary breathidea of the real character of the work to which they profess to introduce the reader.

tion; and he might surpass Shakspeare, ing time, they also give relief and effect,

in observing and describing the peculiar to the more important portions of the The public are more indebted to this au. shrewdness, principle, and affection of his work. Kenilworth is a romance only in chor, perhaps, than to any other who has countrymen ; but both are too much in the name; for, with the exception of some matwritten for their amusement since the days habit of looking to the world as a stage, on ter which has hardly the air of credibility, of Shakspeare. We have more than once, which the generations of men go through about empirical drugs and cures, there we believe, compared the one of these their parts merely as players. —Yet who is not much of the work, when we look great men to the other; and the present else could give us such living pictures of back on the times to which it relates, that work affords us one strong reason for not the motley and changing scenes? Who has is carried beyond the pitch of the novel. being ashamed of making the comparison. described conduct in such striking colours, The characters, as we have said, have all the We never said, indeed, that the modern or, by description merely, brought the freshness, as well as the business of real was gifted with the same range of fancy, or actors, so distinctly, and, as it were, corpu. life; and they are drawn with a breadth held the same empire over language with the really before his readers, as the author of and depth and force, which are hardly more ancient writer ; but his eye for what| Waverley? His characters are not so equaled, and certainly not surpassed on is picturesque in scenery is better, and his many abstractions, each invested with one any other occasion, by the author himself. feeling for what is ludicrous, or in any way or two cold virtues or dark vices, but they His sole merit, however, in the present ingraphic in conduct, stronger. Though a have individual existence, presenting them- stance does not consist in giving us the singular opinion, we have always thought selves to the mind's eye, each with their own most interesting and spirited of all his that Shakspeare was deficient in pathos; peculiar and distinctive lineaments of visage, stories ; for whatever be the cause, it has that he was interested in human nature so dress, and limbs. His dominion over inani- the appearance of having been designed tar, certainly, as to enable him to describe mate matter is, if possible, still greater ; for upon higher principles, and, perhaps, with its varying phrases, but never so far, as to it starts up before us in the shape of an a higher aim, than any of his former procommit himself heartily, body and soul, asinn, a palace, or a landscape, with all its ductions. After having got to the end of One would say, in the cause even of any accessary circumstances, as clearly as if we Kenilworth, one would be tempted to think one of his numerous fictitious characters; beheld it all in nature, and perhaps with it had been written to show how ambition that he looked, in short, on all that was pas- greater force. We cannot, therefore, fail may overmatch love and principle; how a sing around him-folly and wisdom, success to be delighted with the productions of pandering cupning knave may become the

he talen our small trinnot page 1

master of his own master; and how the ed, as in the case Dobooby, or Alsco, or | manifest. And her answer to the Deanna author might rival Shakspeare. His astro- Demetrius, in particular, with a kind of St. Asaph's (vol. ii. p. 132,) who advises her logical Doctor Alsco will bear a compari. painful sublimity. The fate of this wretch against tolerating theatrical representation son with the Witches of Macbeth, and is conceived so truly in the spirit of his cha- | in which were “ bellowed out reflections on Varney is not a less thorough nor worse racter, and described so graphically and government, its origin and its object, tend. sustained remorseless villain than Iago. The with so much force, that we know nothing ing to render the subjects discontented.' idea of the character is obviously taken superior to it in the whole range of fiction. that “it is ill arguing against the use of any from Shakspeare, and nothing more, for The death of Foster is also a fine moral thing from its abuse,” deserves to be ele. the modifications and filling up are the au- award for the grasping and unprincipled vated to the rank of a political maxim. thor's own. And although the creation is avarice of his life ; while that of Amy is There are various remarks and hints given not a pleasing one ; although were it not breathlessly and sublimely awful and hor- in this work, indeed, which would tempt us for one living lusus naturæ, we should doubt rible. We feel strongly that she deserv- to think, that the author wished to do that, the possibility of reconciling such qualities ed a better fate ; and although it partly as a novelist, which he dare not venture to with the imaginable properties of any variety arises from her own conduct, and although do as a man or a politician. The Bishop of our own species; and although the con- we feel convinced that, after what has and dignitaries of the church, are exposed duct of this miscreant, and the fate of the occurred, no happiness remained for her throughout for their mean subserviezer. Countess Amy, be felt as something like on earth, our better feelings are out. * * * an impeachment of the mundane system, it raged by such a catastrophe. But one. In the preceding page, also, the reader wil is still a powerful creation, and the work of the finest portions of this book, (the

the finest portions of this book, (the find the effect of “elegant flattery in the royal of unrivaled talents. Leicester, too, the finest, we should perhaps say, in any ear;" (which, he observes, it is never long favourite of Elizabeth, the husband who work of imagination) is the scene at Cum / in reaching,) most happily illustrated in the married for love, but whose anbition, with nor-hall, when an attempt is made to poison fate of Orson Pinit's supplication in favou his love and fear of Elizabeth, would not the Countess. It will, if our space admit, of bear-baiting. The dialogue given in

him to do justice to his immured and be subjoined to this notice ; but we cannot page 192 of vol. 3, is likewise exceedingt concealed Countess, is a character whose conclude it without adding our small tribute clever in its way ; but we have not room w conduct gives us much pain ; but although of admiration to the talents displayed by allude even to one half of the excellences be takes no great hold of our sympathies, the our author in the manner in which he has of this, the happiest, if not the greatest author contrives by the business which he here depicted the court and character of work of its author. Would he only keep has put into his hands, and the scenes in Queen Elizabeth. In perusing this interest in mind that when he bows or which he makes him appear, to invest him, ing work, we feel exactly as if we formed courtier, i or rather his story, with an almost unparal- part of the daily levee. It is not a painting “the immortal doing homage to the mortal Jeled degree of interest. The motions even that we see, but characters that have started of Mike Lumbourne, ruffian as he is, are from the canvas to perform their living func

TO THE EDITOR. followed with some anxiety ; Anthony Foster, tions in our presence; and in Elizabeth, or Fire-the-faggot, is interesting, at least in who stimulates, curbs, and guides the Walpole, the account of a curious transactwas

| SIR,-1 copy from Coxc's Memoirs of Sir Robend bis regard for his daughter, the best cha- whole, we see all the fire of the Queen, the the House of Commons, in 1740. The mwete, racter of the whole, though her appear-| intellect of the man, the jealousy and ca- being threatened with articles of impeachment du ances, like angel visits, are “few and far price of the woman. She is portrayed in corrupt practices, declared, “ibat he was not eastbetween;" and that so much worth and strong colours; but, as we conceive, with

scious of any crime to deserve acccusative. Hi affection is ascribed to one of the purists, great impartiality. Loved, she can hardly

laid his hand on his breast and quoted with swt

emotion the live, is some compensation for the ridicule cast, be ; and yet it seems impossible, even when

•Nil conscire sibi, nulli pallescere culpa.' too freely we think, on the dissenters, in she is farthest wrong, not to admire her. "Mr. Pulteney observed, that the Right Houeur other parts of the work. Wayland Smith There is in her that energy of character able Gentleman's Latin and logic were equally in is a most important and admirably brought- which never failed to command attention curate, as Horace had written uulla pallescere out character ; nor 'is his familiar, Dicky land respect : and, as a sovereign, she de- culpa.' The minister d Sludge, or Flibbertgibbet, without great served both. Varney, immaculate scoun.]

Pulteney repeating his assertion, be offered a rager

of a guinea. Pulteney accepted the challenge, es merit. He reminds us, however, of Lord | drel as he was, is made to say, that Elizabeth's.

| referred the decision of the dispute to the minister! Cranstoun's Goblin-page; and though drawn" was not like other thrones, which could be friend, Nicholas Hardinge, Clerk of the House, in vivid colours, and his peculiarities exqui- overturned by a combination of powerful man distinguished for classical erudition. Harding sitely devolved in his first appearances, he nobles; the broad foundations which sup- decided against Walpole; the guinea was ima is more out of nature than any others of|ported it, were in the extended love and diately thrown to Pulteney, wi

diately thrown to Pulteney, who caught it, a the dramatis persone. But with the excep-affections of the people.” We would not

ne excep- affections of the people." We would not holding it up to the House, exclaimed, 'Il 19 ans tion now adverted to, and that of Erasmus says this Princess ) have the minds of our

only money I have received from the Treasury Bus

many years, and it shall be the last.'" Holliday, who is a kind of Domine Samp- subjects withdrawn from the consideration Tbis is probably the most remarkable among the son, the other characters are all new; and of our own conduct; because, the more many disputes that have arisen on classical though some of them have moral qualities closely it is examined, the true motives by sages. I should be glad if any of

correspondents would furnish us with some of the of a very revolting nature, they are invest- which we are guided will appear the more

r defended

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Scientific Notices.

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pression. “ No feelings, no thought, no intellectual, tunate in his own dissections in support of his own operacion, has ever been seen, except in conjuction bypothesis? Has he shown his pupils a brain in the

with a brain." And, recurring to the favourite illustra- act of thinking? Or has he, even with the assistance MATERIALISM EXAMINED.

tion of the liver, it is asked, “ What should we think of Mr. Bauer and his microscope," shown them a sinof a person who told us, that organs have nothing to do

Igle thought that had been recently produced from it? with the business; that cholera, jaundice, hepatitis,

Something of this kind is necessary, before we can

I admit that the same kind of evidence that shows TO THE EDITOR. are diseases of an immaterial hepatic being?"

digestion to be the function of the alimentary canal, These extracts will enable our readers to form some

motion of the muscles, and the various secretions of idea of the light, easy, and summary manner in which

the respective glands, proves that thought is the funcSIR,-Tbioking the following beautiful animad- Mr. L. disposes of one of the most serious subjects

tion of the brain." We lay open, in the dead body, versions on a lecture delivered and published by that can occupy the attention of a reasonable being.

the alimentary canal, and we trace the articles of food When the introductory lectures, from which the ex. Wm. Lawrence, F.R.S. Professor of Anatomy, Phy. I tracts are taken, were formerly publisbed by them.

through the various steps of the process of digestion.

We examine the various glands, and we find in the siology, &c. to the Royal College of Surgeous, in selves, these opinions were considered by many as

ducts connected with each of them a portion of that amounting to materialism, and consequently as being London, will be acceptable to the greater number

fluid which is its appropriate secretion. The contrachighly dangerous to young men attending the lectures

tion which constitutes motion, we see in the living of your readers, and that the work from which it is instituted by the Royal College of Surgeons.

body. When muscles are exposed during surgical extracted is not likely to be in your possession, I

In this light they were regarded by Mr. Abernethy,

operations, and in a body recently dead, we can in his “ Physiological Lectures;" and in the complete send it you.

produce it by the application of galvanism and other edition of Mr. Lawrence's Lectures now before us,

s:imuli. That digestion, therefore, is the functions As in my opinion it sets to rest a subject of the we bave a section, entitled, “ Reply to the Charges of

of the alimentary canal. motion of tbe muscles, and Mr. Abernethy." This reply consists of little more bighest importance, on which not Mr. L. alone, but than repeating the same opinions, and arguing ir: delence have the most direct and satisfactory evidence. Have

the various secretions of the respective glands, we every physiologist who has dared to think, has had of them, by confounding the important distinction be.

we any such that thought is the function of the brain? tween an immaterial soul, and the doctrine of a subtile | H. bis doubts, and has expressed the same in some

Has a thought, recently secreted, been discovered in essence resembling electricity or magnetism, which

the dissecting room of Mr. Lawrence? If not, this way; as it can easily be comprehended by tbe mean- some have conceived to be the principle of organic

part of his argument refutes itself; and, by his own est capacity; is of equal importance to all mankind, life, and the cause of the functions of a living animal.

showing, he has left this important question just as he “ A party of modern sceptics! A sceptic is one

found it. What avails it to say, that we never saw and cannot give umbrage to any religious sect, 1 who doubts; and, if this party includes those who

thought without a brain ! Did Mr. L. ever see it think it caonot be inimical to your work; but this doubt, or rather who do not doubt at all about the

without a heart, ur lungs, or liver! What avails it to I leave to your superior judgment.. electro-chemical doctrine of life, I can bave no objec. sav. that

explained how the brain tion to belong to so numerous and respectable a body."

thinks, no more can it be explained how the liver secretes Yours, &c.

"Examine the mind the great prerogative of man. bile, or a muscle moves, or a stone falls to the groundl.

Where is the mind of the child just born!
A THEO-PHILANTHROPIST.

Do This is true, but has nothing to do with the questions we not see it actually built up before our eyes by the Lit is not the

it is not the explanation that we want, but the fact. actions of the five external senses, and of the gradually | That the liver does secrete bile, that muscles move, I developed internal faculties?"-"Where, then, shall we loro

or that stones fall to the ground, however inexplicable Mr. Lawrence is well known to the public as a man

find proofs of the mind's independence on the bodily ol acknowledged calents and attainments. His bigb

to us, are undoubted facis; that the brain thinks, is structure? Of that mind, which, like the corporeal professional character, and the important situation

not a fact, it is only the opinion of Mr. Lawrence. frame, is infantile in the child, manly in the adult, sick which he holds as Professor of Anatomy to the Royal

But farther, says Mr. L. upon the supposition of an and debilitated in disease, phrensied or melancholy in Clege of Surgeons, will procure for his work in ex.

immaterial part, the brain is left without an office. the madman, enfeebled in the decline of life, doting in This is new to us. The brain is the centre of sensation tensive circulation among that interesting class for

decrepitude, and annihilated by death?" which it is chiefly intended, the younger part of the

and motion; and every organ of the body depends for

This, it is obvious, is only a repetition of the obquedical profession; and it is, therefore, with deep re

its healthy action upon an influence derived from it. | noxious opinions which this introductory section is Stet that we find in it certain opinions, from which

Cut off this influence from the eye, and it sees not ; meant to defend; and now comes the defence. we are under the necessity of entering our strong and

Be it known to our readers, that in the very strong neither feels nor moves; from the heart, and it ceases

from the ear, and it bears not; from the hand, and it decided dissent. To this part of his work we mean to

passages wbich we have quoted from Mr. L. and many confine our observations; and, with all the respect

many to beat; from the organs of breathing, and respiration

others of a similar import, he did not mean to allude licorn cha we feel for eminent talents, we reserve to our.

is at an end; even the glands canno: perform their at all to the separate existence of the soul; he only stives the rigbt of examining these opinions, and of “speaks physiologically.”

secretions without its influence. Such and so extensive

“This sublime dogma," Tare the offices of the brain: if we may borrow the slating, in the plainest terms, the reasons which induce

(the separate existence of the soul,)“could never have | us to believe that they are unphilosophical in their na

| figurative language of Mr. L. though it be well fed, been brought to light by the labours of the anatomist ture, and dangerous in their tendency. and physiologist,” but “ rests upon a species of proof lits hands, without assigning to it the additional labour

clothed, and lodged, it bas quite enough of work upon The name of these doctrines, and the mode of rea- altogetber different." "An immaterial and spiritual of thinking soning by which they are supported, will be illustrated being could not have been discovered aniid the blood | Agai

Again, alluding to the zoophytes, who live in both Dy the following extracts :

and Últh of a dissecting room." Now, that a doctrine halves after they have been divided, Mr. L. asks, is the ame kinds o facts,” says Mr. L. “ the same should be really true, and physiologically false, and the immaterial principle divided? Certainly, if there be restoning, the same sort of evidence altogether, which object of ridicule, is a contradiction in terms. It is,

18, such a principle, it is no longer immaterial, for it is Sbw digestion to be the function of the

diction be the function of the alimentary | besides, nothing to the purpose ; for, whether Mr. L.I divided, and whatever is divisible is matter. But, did canal; motion of the muscles; the various secretions was speaking physiologically, theologically, or meta

Mr. L. ever bear of a man being divided into two, and pt the respective glands; prove that sensation, percep-physically, he has maintained, in the plainest terms,

both halves continuing to think? The subject is too jon, memory, judgment, thought ; in a word, all the that thought is a function of matter; and if we are to

absurd to enlarge upon; and we merely mention it manifestations called mental or intellectual, are the ani. called mental or intellectual, are the ani. use words in their ordinary acceptation, this is the sum

here as another example of Mr. L.'s mode of reaso zal functions of their appropriate apparatus, the cen and substance of materialism.

iug, and one to which he repeatedly recurs, applying

But there is another point of view, in which we -al organ of the nervous system. I think this reply quite unworthy of Mr. L.; for what lit. as if by necessary consequence to the functions of

his argument to mere organic life, and then extending ** Shall I be told, that thought is inconsistent with

*I does it amount to? First, he maintains, in the most mind, to wbich it has no relation whatever. satter; that we cannot conceive how medullary sub-40

unqualified terms, that matter may think, and that the The observations which we have now made, emcance can perceive, remember, judge, reason !' I ac- unqualibed terms, that matter may think, and that the

substance of the brains actually does think. In support brace the leading points in Mr. L 's argument, if such nowledge, that we are as entirely ignorant how the

I of this doctrine various arguments are brought for- l it can be called. But, as the subject has lately excited Brts of the brain accomplish these purposes, as we

ward, and all his powers are exerted to turn into ridire how the liver secretes bile, how the muscles con

much attention, we avail ourselves of this opportunity cule the opposite doctrine of an immaterial soul. All act, or how any other living purpose is effected ; as

of delivering our opinion more fully upon the general

this was impressed upon the young men attending bis ce are how heavy bodies are attracted to the earth,

question of materialism, particularly in the form which lectures, with great variety of illustration, and without ow iron is drawn to the magnet, or how two salts

it has lately assumed, as connected with certain specuany explanation or qualification whatever. e compose each other.”

lations on vitality and organization. If, in the course

But Mr. Abernethy, a man of high talents, no sooner In opposition to these views, it has been contended publicly charges him with the obvious tendency of these

of this investigation, we shall refer to topics not prohat thought is not an act of the brain, but of an im. opinions, than he shrioks from them; he meant

perly connected with a physiological discussion, let us aterial substance residing in, or connected with it. no such thing; nothing against the immateriality of dragging in religion to decide a pbysiological contros

not be misrepresented. Let us not be charged with o this doctrine Mr. L. conceives " the brain is left the soul; he was only speaking physiologically; he versy. The blame rests with those who have pervertEithout an office. It has indeed the easiest lot in the only intended to say that this iminaterial being is not ed physiology to the support of scepticism.

nimal economy; it is better ted, clothed, and lodged, discovered amid the blood and filth of a dissecting han any other part, and has less to do. But its office, room; or, in plain English, that by looking at the brain

ly one remove above a sinecure, is not a very ho- l of a dead man, no one could learn that his soul is imourable one; it is a kind of porter entrusted to open mortal! This is certainly true; but if this be all that The Museum of the Asiatic Society of Calcutta: he door, and introduce new comers to the master of Mr. L. meant, we do not know with whom he is con among other curiosities, contains a bulrush, cut in New he house, who takes upon himself the entire charge tending. We never heard of any anatomist who pre- paul, 84 feet in length; a serpent with two heads; speci

f receiving, entertaining, and employing them." The tended to exhibit in his dissecting room an immaterial mens of mosaic from Agra and Golconda; crystals from ame opinions are repeated under various forms of a soul; and we would ask Mr. L has he been more for- Nepaul, and sculptures from Persepolis, Jara, &s

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SIR, If the accompanying papers are of any, use to you for insertion in the Kaleidoscope, they are much at your service. The poetical pieces are the production of Captain Hall of the Honourable East India Company's Bengal Military Service, and have been published in India: I am not, however, aware that any of them have been published in this country. Should these prove of any use to you, I shall feel gratified in having had an opportunity of repaying you, in some measure, for the many pleasing hours I have spent in the perusal of your useful and agreeable miscellany; and I shall also have great pleasure in handing to you another parcel of detached pieces and extracts, if you wish for them. I have only farther to say, “ Do with them as seemeth good unto thee.” Wishing you every success, I remain, Sir, yours, sincerely,

NAUTICUS LEADIENSIS. January 30, 1821.

Now shipmen bring in their demands ;

You're bother'd, fatigu'd every joint ; In fact, you're pursued by all hands,

From the inn, all the way to the Point! How charming, down Channel, when sailing,

The white cliffs of England appear ! You view them, sincerely bewailing,

You're quitting a country so dear;
A respite may chance to be found,

To soften your woe and dismay;
If you're lucky, the wind coming round,

You may spend a few weeks in Torbay.
Then how pleasing in Biscay's rough Bay,

To be tost to and fro all the while,
Which they call an agreeable way

To escape from attacks of the bile; For though sick you will certainly be,

Yet the Doctors explicitly tell,
The more you are sick when at sea,

The longer on shore you'll be well.
Now the ship rolls from one side to t'other,

And lurches so deep in the wave,
You think if she take such another,

You may meet with a watery grave : While your boxes and trunks roll about,

And your cabin is all in confusion, You are lucky if you can get out,

And escape with a trifling contusion. Or, if bruis'd from the foot to the neck,

The picture of woe and despair, You crawl by degrees on the deck,

Just to swallow a mouthful of air :
When you hope froin more ills to be free,

But your sorrows are scarcely begun,
You're half drown'd by the shipping a sca,

While the tars keep enjoying the fun.
Then how charming to get in your cot,

And by sleep to get rid of your pain; But the cabin's so dreadfully hot,

You endeavour to sleep, but in vain ; You're cot-hook, disliking your weight,

Giving way, lets you down with your bed ; You're reduced to a pitiful state,

And scarce know your heels from your head ! How pleasant at breakfast to meet,

Where they give you hard biscuit for bread, Of which, if you venture to eat,

You may start every tooth in your head : But the butter is quite the reverse,

You've not the least reason to dread it ; The heat makes it quickly disperse,

And gives you no trouble to spread ito. How charming to climb on the poop,

To hear friendly confab begin, And to sit in a row on the coop,

While the hens keep a cackling within ; There the ills of the night you portray,

While the geese make in turn such a clatter, It signifies nought what you say,

For you can't hear a word of the matter. How delightful the tune of roast beef,

Which, when dinner's on table, they play; Were it not for this pleasing relief,

Ah! how would you get through the day? But Sunday's far pleasanter still,

When with dainties of all kinds you cram; You may first go to church, if you will;

Then at dinner eat turkey and ham. How pleasant when crossing the Line,

To view Father Neptune's procession, Alarm'd should the sailors incline,

To shave you all round in progression 3
How pitiful then is your case ;

It is certainly joking too far,
To scrape all the skin off your face, .

And besmear it all over with tar.

Now, safely arrived in False Bay,

You set off in baste for Cape town,
And drive, cight in hand, all the way,

In waggons, up mountains, and down!
The prospects you view with surprize;

But, jolted to death by the stones,
'Tis amusing enough for the eyes,

But dev'lish hard work for the bones.
But the worst is the rounding the Cape ;

Surrounded by turbulent waters,
You are lucky, if you can escape

The ills of the Devil's Head-quarters :
For days to and fro you are cast

On the waves of the boisterous ocean;
You begin to suppose, that, at last,

You've discovered perpetual motion.
Should you chance at Johanna to stay,

To purchase all kinds of supplies,
You will look at the place, I dare say,

With delight and unconimon surprize:
There titles of all kinds you'll meet,

Both Lords, Dukes, and Marquises too:
Our Court at St. James's they beat,

And our courtiers at once they outdo.
There you purchase whatever you choose,

Fruits of all kinds, in plentiful crops,
Which the natives bring off in canoes,

All the world like your fruiterers' shops:
But, Lord! what a strange set they are ;

Wheae your money's of little avail:
They give less for a dollar by far,

Than they will for a tenpenny nail !
In Calcutta at last you arrive,

Expecting your troubles are finish'd ;
But Sicars and Ramjonney's contriye

To prove they are not much diminishd:
In crowds round your person they stand,

Whilst people of all occupations
Keep thrusting at once in your hand,

Large bundles of recommendations.
How useful it is, you soon find,

To be able to talk Hindoostanee;
You turn to, sincerely inclined,

To try and interpret the blarney:
You learn a few phrases by rote;
- And if that your progress is great,
While pouring saull shraub in vour throat.

It may chance to get into your téte.
Then how charming to live at an inn,

So weak, you can scarce call the waiter,
And so hot that you strip to the skin,

And sit in the costume of nature :
In the day you're annoy'd by the flies,

At night you're so bit by musquitoes,
That by morning you find with surprise,

You scarce recollect your own features. How pleasant when asked out to meet

Your friends and acquaintance at Triffin, While you're nearly dissolving with heat,

They cooly sit quizzing the Griffin; Your looks I can't easy describe,

While burns the mullagatauney, When smarting you wish to imbibe,

And roar out for “ pinniky pauney," Your destiny soon you deplore,

But, alas ! all your sighing is vain, You cross the Atlantic no more,

Nor view your relations again: In India you live all your life,

Accustom'd to climate and weather, And blest with an East India wife,

Forget friends and country together.

THE PLEASURES OF A VOYAGE TO INDIA.

You ing way, lets pitiful state.com your head

When, in England, they tell you 'tis true,

That India is full of rupees, *
That there you'll have nothing to do,

But gather them off from the trees; .
Ah! how can one give a denial,

To visit so charming a place?
It sure must be worthy a trial,

When fortune stares plump in your face.
Let 'em boast of each mercantile plan,

But when fortune's so easily made,
I'd give not a straw for the man,

Who'd submit to be brought up to trade :
I like not your snailish progression,

Independence procured by degrees ;
A fig for each boasted profession,

Save that which brings lots of rupees !
How pleasant to Portsmouth to ride,

Your trunks being sent by the waggon;.
You may either go in or outside,

And sup at the George, or the Dragon ; Each comfort they kindly display,

For travelers need it the most, And only expect you to pay

The needful, in turn, to the host. And, now in the midst of your woes,

You are anxious to know when you sail, · But find that the worst of all foes,

Are the westerly winds which prevail; When walking the streets of the city,

You think it provoking and strange, | The weathercocks will not take pity,

And turn round to east for a change! Then your trunks and your baggage arrive,

Which you pack'd with particular care, But the Custom-house people contrive,

To unpack them to see what is there!
Your clothes they provokingly strev,

While you must despairingly stand,
Till you try what a Guinea will do,

If applied to the palm of the hand.
At length there's an end to your sorrow,

The troubles of Portsmouth I mean ; You find that you're off on the morrow,

And nothing but bustle is seen.

The trade winds beginning to blow,

You swiftly proceed on your track; How truly consoling to know,

You've just the same road to go back : I mean to those only, at least,

Who look to their homes with concern; Who don't mean to die in the East,

But, who live by the hopes of return.

NOTES. Verse 19.-Johanna is one of the Comoro Isles, 13 Mosambique Channel, much resorted to by outwalue bound Indianen. Its natives are remarkably hospita: ble, and well disposed to the English.

21.--Sicars are a kind of clerk or agent, and seldon possessed of a single particle of honesty. Ramjonnej, persons seeking enıploy in the service of new comers, as butlers, footmen, &c.

22. Saull Shraub, red wine or claret.

24.-Griffin, a nickname given to new comers.lagatauney, an Eastern phrase for curry.pauney ; literally, water to drink.-Tiffin, an East phrase for lunch

* A Silver coin, rate 28. 6d..

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