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LORD BYRON.

| he asked it, “ Whence came you ?" It answered, Man and Setaram, two of their saints. During

5 from Marianau."- The Prince" to whom did this cermony, the women were tearing their hair, Goethe, the German poet, observes as follows in a you belongs

s in a you belong?"

The Parrot_to a Portuguese." beating their breasts, and ro

The Parrot—" to a Portuguese." beating their breasts, and roaring in a most horrible late work, part of which is translated in Baldwin's Lon-lp.

Prince" what do you do there?" Parrot an manner. The four relations at last let go their hold "The tragedy of Manfred, by Lord Byron, is a most

swered" I look after the chickens.” The Prince of the old man, who immediately threw bimself into singway performance, and one which concerns me nearly. I laughed and said, “ you look after the chickens?" | the pit, and not a groan was heard from him. The This wonderful and ingenious poet has taken possession Parrot auswered " yes, I; and I know well enough by-standers had each a spade in his hand, and im. of my Faust, and hypocondriacally drawn from it the how to do it :" and made the chuck, four or five mediately began to fill up the pit with earth; so that most singular nutriment. He has employed the means times, that people use to make to chickens when the old man might be said to be burnt and buried in it which suit his object in his particular manner, 80 they call them.

alive. Two of his children were present, one seven, that no one thing remains the same, and on this account I asked him in what language the parrot spoke, the other eight years old ; and they alone of all the I cannot sufficiently admire his ability. The recast is and he said in Brazilian. I asked him wbether he spectatore appeared to be affected. As to the wo. so peculiar, that a highly interesting lecture might be giver on its resemblance and want of resemblance, to

understood the Brazilian? He said, no; but he men, they returned home with the greatest sang its model, though I cannot deny that the gloomy fervor

had taken care to have two interpreters by him, the froid. Such an event being an object of glory 10 of a rich and endless despair becomes at last wearisome

one a Dutchman, that spoke Brazilian, and the the relations, the day on which a wretcbed victim to us However, the displeasure which we feel is always

olber a Brazilian (hat spoke Dutch; that he asked to superstition is thus self-devoted, is a day of connected with admiration and esteem.

them separately and privately, and both of them triumph to his whole family." "The very quintessence of the sentiments and pas- agreed in telling him just the same thing that the sions, which assist in constitututing the most singular parrot said. talent for self-commentary ever known, is contained in I could not but tell this odd story, because it is so

MAD DOGS. this tragedy. The life and poetical character of Lord

much out of the way, and from the first hand, and Byron can hardly be fairly estimated. Yet he has often enough avowed the source of his torments; he has re

what may pass for a good one. For I dare say this peatedly pourtrayed it; but hardly any one sympathizes

Prince, at least, believed himself in all he told me. A preseæt and certain Care for the Bite of a mad Dog; with the insupportable pain with which he is incessantly

having ever passed for a very honest and pious man. I from Dr. Awsiter's Thoughts on Brightelmston. struggling.

I leave it to naturalists to reason, and other men Take sea-salt, or common kitchen-salt, dissolve it in "Properly speaking, he is continually pursued by the to believe as they please upon it; however, it is not fresh, warm, human urine; load the urine with as much ghosts of two females, who play great parts in the perhaps amiss to relieve or enliven a busy scene salt as it can dissolve; with this liquor cleanse the wound above-named tragedy, the one under the name of sometimes with such digressions, whether to the

and limb of whatever saliva may stick to it, fill the Astarte, the other without figure or visibility, merely a purpose or no.”

wound with salt, wet a double rag in the prepared liquor, vaice.

This account Mr. Locke has introduced into his

W. Loote hoe introduced into his land bind it on the part; as it dries, wet it with fresh The following account is given of the horrible adChapter of Identity, and by employing it in illus.

liquor; in six hours open and wash the wound with the Tenture which he had with the former :

prepared liquor, fill it with fresh salt, apply the wetted ". When a young, bold, and highly attractive per. tration of a deep argumentative subject, it is pro

rag, and proceed as before; in twelve hours the virus of sonage, he gained the favour of a Florentine lady ; the

bable he credited the whole himself, or at least the bite will be subdued : after this, keep the wound busband discovered this, and murdered his wife; but thought it an event not unworthy of philosophical clean by washing it night and i the murderer was found dead in the street the same night, attention. The account is taken by Mr. Locke ped in the prepared salt liquor, till it is heated ; let the under circumstances which did not admit of attaching from a work of Sir William Temple, an author of party take as much sea-water, for three mornings suce suspicion to any one.' great veracity and information.

cessively, as will purge; and after each purging, at bed * Lord B. fled from Florence, and seems to drag spec.

time, an opiate of mithridate dissolved in penny-royal tres after him ever afterwards

water. The use of the sea-water is to empty the body, ** This strange incident receives a high degree of pro

SELF IMMOLATION,

and the use of the opiate to calm the spirits, which are bability from innumerable allusions in his poems; as

generally much agitated and depressed on these occasions. fx instance, in his application of the story of Pausanius

Let the patient bitten be kept quiet, let him not live low, to himself.

Our readers hare frequently heard of the inhuman but moderately indulge himself in wine. This regimen “What a wounded heart must the poet have, who se

need only be pursued till the wound is healed; but if lects from antiquity such an event, applies it to laimself, superstition which, in India, obliger, the female to

the wound is large, or when there are more than one, the and loads his tragic resemblance with it!"

sacrifice herself with the dead body of ber husband. party may take a draught of sea water daily, for a short Baldwin's Magazine peremptorily denies the truth of The following oarrative discloses another species of

time. these stories of the noble poet, and observes he never

The ratio of the cure consists in the action of the salt was in Florence in his youth.

infatuation, in the instance of one member of a l upon the malign virus of the wound, before it can make family sacrificing himself in order to recover the any progress to infect the circulation. The salt, by be., others from sickness, by appeasing the superior

esperior ing dissolved in urine, becomes more active, and is parLOCKES EXTRAORDINARY PARROT.

ticularly assimilated to penetrate into any part of the powers by that species of offering. The letter from body to which it is applied. The success of the appli. "I bad a mind to know, (says Locke in his Ersay which we extract is dated Calcutta, 1787, Edit. Kal.cation depends much on the immediate time; the omis.

sion of it for twenty-four hours might render this remedy on the Human Understanding,) from Prince Mau

precarious, and, perhaps, of no effect. As the poison at sice's own mouth, the accouot of a common, but

itness of 8 most

first is local, this application to the part affected imme. mach credited story, that I had heard so often from melancholy transaction, the sad consequence of the diately destroys all danger. The purging, therefore, many others, of an old parrot he had in Brazil, ignorance and superstition that reign in Indostan. with sea-water, the opiate at night, and the regimen preduring bis government there, that spoke and asked, I saw an aged man throw himself into a pit ten feet scribed, are only cautionary aids, co-operating with the and answered common questions like a reasonable deep, and half full of combustibles, which had been topical application. creature ; so that tbose of his train there, generally set on fire. This mau had made himself a voluntary concluded it to be witchery, or possession; and ope victim to preserve, as he thought, the lives of his Extraordinary Fish._A carp, weighing 19lbs. was of his chaplaius, who lived long afterwards in children, who were at the time attacked by a dao- lately taken out of the fish-pond of John Spearman, of Holland, could never from that time endure a par- gerous and epidemical distemper.

Oxon, Esg. near Shrewsbury. The roe was of such a tol, but said they all had a devil in them.

When this dis
oper breaks O

the magnitude, that the fish inverted in the water, and it I had heard many particulars of this story, and Hindoos, they believe most religiously that one ofl swam with its back downward ; its belly appearing above

the surface caused this extraordinary inhabitant to be asserted by people hard to be discredited, which them must die to save the rest. This poor old man

noticed. made me ask prince Maurice wbat there was of it. was thoroughly persuaded that the lives of his He said, with his usual plaiuness and dryness of children could not be preserved if he did not offer. An enormously large nel not of the talk, there was something true, but a great deal himself up as a sacrifice for them. I used every was taken by some gentlemen a few days ago, in a creek fabe, of what had been reported. I desired to know argument with himself, bis wife, bis brothers, and near the sea, at Fordyke, in Lincolnshire, belonging to of him what there was of the first.

his sisters, to convince him and them of the absur. Mr. Birkits, which measured two yards and one inch in He told me short and coldly, that he had heard of dity of such an opinion, and the guilt of suicide ; length, and weighed thirty-six pounds! such an old parrot, when he came to Brazil; and but in vain: they were deaf to my reasons; and though be believed nothing of it, and it was a good thinking at last that I intended to prevent by force. Anecdote of Muley Ismael.-Muley Ismael compared way off, yet he had so much curiosity as to send for this horrible sacrifice, they threw themselves at my his subjects to a bag full of rats. '** If you let them it, and that it was a very great and old one ; and feet, and begged, with tears in their eyes, that i rest,” said the warrior, “ they will gnaw á hole in it:

keep them moving, and no evil will happen." when it Grst came juto the room where the Prince would not oppose the resolution of tbe old mau !

So his

subjects, if kept continually occupied, the government was, with a great maoy Dutchmeo about him, it “ The self-devoted victim being seated on the

went on well ; but if left quiet, seditions would quickly said presently, “What a company of white men are brink of the pit, raised his hands to Heaven, and

arise. This sultan was always in the tented field: he bere."

prayed with great fervour. Alter he bad remained would say, that he should not return to his palace until They asked it what it thought that man was, half an hour in that posture, four of his nearest re- the tents were rotten. He kept his army incessantly oca pointing at the Prince. It answered, “ some Gege. | lations helped him on bis legs, and walked with him cupied in making plantations of olives, or in building: ralur other.” When they brought it close to him, five times round the pit, all of them calling upon frest and rebellion were with him synonymous terms,

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TO THE EDITORS.

tenderness, gradually brought along by the current the present is only the third number. In this antiof paternal love. Indeed, throughout, his exertions cipation, and to prevent Jisappointment either to our

were spiendidly effective, and though the tragedy friends or ourselves, we have printed an extra quanAs I think I have perceived a disposition, on the part was generally well supported, it will easily be be.

tity of the two first numbers, to meet the after-sale, of some of the Liverpool critics, to undervalue the prolieved that it derived its greatest claims to the thun

as well as for the American market, which we have fessional talents of Mr. Young, and as I am amongst ders of applause with which it was received, to the

been strongly advised to try, with the most confident

assurances of ultimate success. They who have inthe number of that gentleman's admirers, I hope you talents of Mr. Young. At the conclusion, the shonts

complete files of our first and second volume, wbich will do him the justice, and me the favour, to insert of approbation were incessant, so much so, as to in

they do not intend to have bound up for their own the following extract from a recent Edinburgh journal, duce the Manager to withdraw the tragedy of King use, are informed, that we shall very soon issue an in order to show how the talents of my friend are appre- Lear, intended for representatico this evening, and advertisement offering to exchange new for old pu

bers, or containing the terms upon which we will ciated in the northern emporium of science, literature. I announce the repetition of Virginius.

become purchasers of sucb as we stand in need of, and criticism.' Yours, &c.

for the completion of our own sets. EXTRAORDINARY SWIMMING.

The story of LUCINDA, from the “ Columbiad," sball VIRGINIUS.

be inserted in an early number of the Kaleidoscope,

If our compositors can decypher the transcriber's

TO THE EDITOR. On Saturday evening, a tragedy was produced, for

hand-writing, which, in some parts, bears no small the first time here, called Virginius, or the Libera- SIR,_In consequence of a hint in the second number

resemblance to the Egyptian bierogliphic character. fion of Rome. This play was originally produced of the Kaleidoscope, I send you the following statement at Glasgow, the residence of the author, a Mr. She

of facts.-Yours, &c.

JOHN SIMPSON. | The narrative of N. P. appeared some months since in ridan Knowles, where it was attended with complete

About the year 1770, Henry Casson, (father of the

the newspapers, when we declined its insertion, be. success, but little profit; since then, however, it has late John Casson, of this town) after being wrecked on

cause the circumstances were too horrible and increbeen transplanted to Covent-garden, and we are Rock Donda, swam, together with Robert Moon, to the

dible. No good can arise from such disgusting and happy to understand that a more genial soil has island of Neves. Two others at the same time set off

improbable details. yielded to the author, not only laurels, but more to swim to Mountserat, but were never more heard of. THE TRIP 10 BIRKENHEAD shall be perused previ. substantial benefit.

In the year 1786 or 7, the late Captain Wilson (who ously to our next. Whether suicable or not to the The tragedy was produced bere for the purpose was unfortunately lost near Lytham, in August last)

plan of our work, it arrived too late for a place this of Mr. YOUNG appeariog for the first time in the going to the West Indies in the sloop Reynolds, Capt. | week. character of Virginias. Our limits will not permit

| Bradley, 'they lost a spar overboard, and the Captain, us to enter into a detail of the plot : The circum

willing to save it, ordered the boat out, when Wilson BOMBASTES FURIOSO!~The FRIEND, from whose

and another man were swamped in the boat. They both MS. we have transcribed the whole of this favourite stance of Virginius sacrificing, with his own hand,

swam in the Bay of Biscay for four hours, till the sloop piece, is of opinion, that it has never previously ap. his only daughter Virginia, in order that she way could make a tack far enough to windward to bear down

peared in any English journal or separate work, alvot be a victim to the rapacious lust of the Decem- upon them ; while picking up Wilson, they lost sight

though he believes tbere has been an Irish edition of vir Appius Claudius, is known to every schoolboy. of the other man, who perished.

it. We have consulted several other gentlemen The story opens at the point of time when Appius In the year 1796, during the government of Victor | likely to know something on the subject, who are all has been re-elected to office, and closes with his | Hughes, in Guadaloupe, the island of Martinique was of the same opinion as to its never baving before apdestruction by the grasp of Virginius.

peared entire in any English work. It arises from a infested with small privateers, when the merchants and The merits of Virginius consist in the plot, which

underwriters fitted out a vessel for a guarda costa, and reliance on these concurrent opinions, rather than

several seamen belonging to the merchant ships volun. our own knowledge, that we have stated this preis simple in the extreme'; the incidents, however, 18, however, steered their services in her, amongst whom were William

sumed fact in the few lines with which we have prepossessing the most intimate connexion and depen-Mathews, and Daniel Lawson; being on a cruise to

faced the work in our first column. We have heard, deuce on each other, and every evevt contributing windward of the island about 9 or 10 miles, sudden as Indeed, that a considerable part of Bombastes did something to the progress of the fable, and the a flash of lightning, the vessel split and left every one appear, some years ago, in Mr. Billinge's Monday's working out of the catastrophe. In short, it pos- to shift for themselves; after collecting a few oars, &c. paper; and, wbether this report be true of not, we

trust we shall stand acquitted of any intention to sesses more dramatic merits than any tragedly we and lashing them together, to try to save two or three of

mislead our readers, by stating our own belief, and bave seen performed for several years, without con- their comrades, these two swam to the island, and were

that of our correspondent, that the whole of the text taining much, if any, poetic power. The genius of the only two who were saved.

has never until now issued from the English press. the author consists in telling the story under a dra- | matic form, and in reaching the hearts of the audi

SWIMMING. We have inserted Mr. SIMPSON's letter. ence by the simplicity of bis appeals, and therefore

To Correspondents.

verbatim, as we received it; but must observe that depending upon human sympathy; never attempt

much of what he has stated, appears to rest upon inr to dazzle the imagination bù the solendour of NEW SERIES OF THE KALEIDOSCOPE.-We thank hearsay; and that the writer has omitted to state the his imagery, or to overwhelm the soul by any extra

our friends and numerous correspondents, for the distances from place to place..

satisfaction they have expressed in the change we busts of pathos or imagination. He is inyariably alive to the situation of bis personages, but never

have made in the form of our work, and for the G. N. will himself think that the interest of his commu

interest so generally expressed in its behalf. Wel nication has gone by. Owing to the intervention of the attempts to aggravate their real distress in the minds

beg to urge to all those who feel similarly interested Sunday (a day upon which it is not our custom to of the audience by the eloquence of his poetry, but in the successful establishment of the Kaleidoscope,

require our printers to work) no letter has much frequently diminishes the natural effect by commu that they have it in their power to do much towards

chance of appearing in the first publication, unless nicating the most obvious sentiments and topics in

the accomplishmen: of that end, by simply recom it reach us by Friday at furthest, unless it be very

short. mending it to their friends; and we choose this parlanguage, not only the most familiar, but very fre. quently tainted with vulgarity.

ticular cime to intrude the suggestion, because we Does J. P. alias A CONSTANT PURCHASER, really The Virginius of Mr. Young was in every scene

are now commencing the new series, which may be wish us to say what we think of his poetical effusions? perfection. In the first act we find him at home

considered as an entirely new work. 'We have rea.

son to believe, judging from former experience, that J. H. must know that the plan of our work wouid not the bappy doating father, enjoying contentment and

the early numbers of this new series, like those of admit of any allusion to the subject recommended; if repose in the society of his only daugbter; and if the old, will become scarce, or entirely exhausted, it were otherwise, our own taste would incline us to any thing could exceed the nervous and energetic at no very distant period of time; although we have avoid any subject unfitted for perusal in the most manner in which he concluded the third act, when done all in our power to prevent a recurrence of the select and scrupulous female society. he departs to the rescue of his child, it is the man. inconvenience we have experienced for the want of ner in which he appeared before the Decemvir. We particular numbers of the first and second volumes CAPTAIN PARSONS' JOURNAL.-The continuance of do not reinember any scene, of late years, where a

of the old series of the Kaleidoscope. If any of our this officer's narrative is postponed to our next. more powerful effect has been produced. The pa

readers fancy they discover any thing of affectation

The lines of JUVENIS which were mislaid, shall be thos with which he delivered

or puffing on this occasion, we beg to assure them
that nothing is more remote from our intention.

attended to. . “ I never saw you look so like your mother

The simple fact is, that we reserve a certain number The favour of a SUBSCRIBER shall also be attended to. In all your life,"

of each pablication as a speculation, independent of when the story of the birth of Virginia is questioned,

the expected present sale. This precaucion has al. elicited tears of heartfelt compassion. In the speech ways been taken with our former numbers, with a

Printed, published, and sold commencing view of enabling us at the expiration of our volumes,

BY EGERTON SMITH AND CO. and the completion of the index, to bring into the “ Let the Forum wait for us," market a stock of complete bound volumes, to meet

Liverpool Mercury Office. and concluding,

that AFTER-SALE, by which the Kaleidoscope is pera Sold also by John Bywater and Co. Pool-lane ; Mes 66 I shall be mute-my eloquence is here

haps more distinguished than the generality of ephe- Evans, Chegwin and Hall, Castle-street; Mr. Thos. Her tears, her youth, her innocence, her beauty," &c.

meral publications. Our motive, in so strongly urg-/ Smith, Paradise-street ; Mr. Warbrick, Public Mr. Young united a dignity that seemed to swell)

ing this point, is to induce those who'may be wa Library, Lime-street; Mr. G. P. Day, Newsman,

vering, and who may ultimately become purchasers Dale-street; and Mr. John Smith, St. James's-road, from the inmost recesses of his soul with a soothing of the work, to commence with the volume,of which I for ready money only. .

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Scientific Notices. must surely, therefore, he of the first importance to respired, in a diluted state, the ill effects which

health, that the Auid of which we hourly inhale at they produce, though slower in their operation, are INTERESTING FACTS CONCERNING least three hogsheads, should not be contaminated equally certain. They to a certain extent pollute RESPIRATION, by the suspension of noxious effluvia.

the fountain of life, and ultimately break down The purity of the atmosphere may be impaired the vigour of the most robust frame; imparing the

either by the operation of what some would denomi- action of the digestive organs, engendering the (ORIGINAL.]

nate natural causes, or by the influence of circum-whole train of nervous disorders, and rendering the

stances' résulting from our social condition. Its body more susceptible of disease. Anatomists have, not unaptly, compared the lungs chemical constitution is changed by respiration; The lungs and the skin may 'equally become the to a sponge, contaiving șike it a great number of the vital principle is destroyed, and its place supplied means of introducing poisonous or infectious matter small cavities, and being also capable of considerable by a bigbly poisonous gas.

into the constitution. The renom of a poisonous anicompression and expansion. The air cells of the The emanations from the surface of our bodies, mal, the matter of small-pox; avá nady other conta. langs open into the windpipe, by which they com-coutribute, in a still greater degree, to vitiate the gions, produce their influence through the medium of municate with the external atmosphere: the whole atmosphere, and to render it less fit for the healthful the skin. Infectious diseases are communicated by the internal structure of the lungs is liued by a transpa- support of life. Many of the orgáns which compose reception of air in our luogo impregnated with con. rent membrane, estimated by Haller at only the our wonderfully complicated framie are engaged in tagious matter. The influence of the constadt rés," thousandth part of an inch in thickness, but whose discharging the constituent parts of our bodien, piration of air in any degree impure, is 'fully surface, from its various convolutiuns, measuros 15 which by the exercise of the various animal funic-evinced in the pallid countenances and languid square feet, which is equal to the external surface tions are becombe useless, and, if retained, would be frames of those who live in confined and ill-venti: of the body. On this extensive aod thiq membrane come noxious. Physiologists have instituted a va.lated places; and the health of all classes of suciety ianumerable branches of reigs and arteries are dis riety of experiments to ascertain the amount of the suffers precisely in proportion to the susceptibility tributed, seade of them finer thao bairs; and through exhalations from the surface of the body. Sanctorius, of their constitutions, and according to the greater or these vessels all the blood in the system is succes. an eminent Italian physician, from a series of expe- less impurities of ile air which they habitually respire. sively propelled, by an extremely curious and beau.riments performed during a period of thirty years, of the offensive nature of animal efflavia, ibe tiful mechanism, which will be described in some estimates it as greater than the aggregate of all our senses of every one who enters a crowded assembly, future article,

other discharges. From bis calculations it would must immediately convince him. Wheti, therefore, The capacity of the lungs varies considerably in appear, that if we take of liquid abd solid food eight we refleci on the state of the air which we hrenthe different individuals. On a general average, they pounds in the twenty-four hours, that five pounds in churehes, theatres, scbools, and all crowdent asmay be said to contain about 280 cubic inches, or are discharged by perspiration alone, within that semblies; and when we consider the amount of the nearly five quarts of air. By each inspiration about period : and of this, the greater part is, what has exhalations émitted by each iudividual, and the very forty cubic incbes of air are received into the lungs, I been denominated, insensible perspiration, from its offensive pature of those emitted by many; and and at each expiration the same quantity is dis- not being cognizable to the senses. We inay esti. when on the other hand, we take into consideration charged. If, therefore, we calculate that twenty mate the discharge from the surface of the body by the importance of air to Rfe, and the great quantity respirations take place in a minute, and forty cubic sensible and insensible perspiration, as from halfan of this fluid which we daily respire, we must be inches to be the amount of each inspiration, it fol. ounce to four ounces per hour.

naturally led to the adoption of such measures as lows that in one minute we inhale 800 cubic incbes: The exhalations from the lungs and the skin would secure in our private dwellings, as well as in in an hour the quantity of air inspired will be 48,000 are, to a certain extent, offensive even in the our public buildings, a full and unintermitting sup. cubic inches; and in the twenty-four hours, it will most healthy individuals; but when proceeding | ply of fresh atmospheric air. , amogut to 1,152,000 cubic inches. This quantity from those labouring under disease, they are in! It is curious to observe the influence of babit, in of sir would almost fill 78 wine bogsheads, and a state very little removed from putrefaction. would weigh pearly 53 lbs. From this admirable! Animal miasmata, like all other poisons, become wise be considered in the highest degree offensive. provision of nature, by wbich the blood is made to more active in proportion to the quantity which we | Thus, while, with a fastidious delicacy, we avoid pass in review, as it were, of this immense quantity, imbibe, When, therefore, the air is staguant, and drinking froin a cup which has been already pressof air, and over so extensive a surface, it seems ob- when many iudividuals contribute their respective

n many individuals contribute their respective led to the lips of our friends : we feel no hesitation sious, that these two fluids are destined to exért supplies of effluvia to vitiate it, the atmosphere neces. I io receiving into our lungs an atmosphere contami. some very important influence on each other; and sarily becomes satured with the poison ; and when nated by the breath and exhalations of every proit has been proved, by a very decisive experiment of inhaled, c ys it in a more virulent and concen. miscuous assembly. Dr. Priestly's, that the extremely thin membrane, trated state to the extensive and delicate surface of an instrument, called the Pulmometer, has been which is alone interposed, does not prevent the ex. the lungs.

invented, which enables us to measure the capacity of ercise of the chemical affivity which prevails between The collection of animal effluvia in confined the lungs, and which may communicate information to the air which is received in the lungs, and the blood places, is the source of the generation and diffusion the physician, of some importance, in diseases of this which is incessantly circulating through them. It of febrile infection : but when the miasmata are organ.

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d other.

The Gleaner.

| formed the basis of all her recommendations to the She argues, in one of her letters, that she is entitled allied monarchs in 1814.

to attention as a teacher of divinity, inasmuch as

Madame Krudener, we learn,' was born at Riga, “ I have been accustomed for years to see men of all I am but a gatherer and disposer of other men's about the year 1766. Her father was Baron Vic- classes discovering to me the deepest folds of their

WOTTON.

tinghoff, a man of family, wealth, and taste. Her hearts." Again,
brother, the present baron, has distinguished him. “It was necessary that a woman should appear,

self by his enterprising spirit as a traveller, and has who had been educated, and who bad dwelt, in the THE

drawn up interesting narratives of his journeys in abodes of vanity and luxury, yet who could say to HISTORY OF MADAME KRUDENER. the East. When she was about nine years old, her the poor that she felt happier to serve them, seated

father took her to Paris, where his house became on a wooden bench, than to partake of the common

one of the most favourite rendezvous of the wits enjoyments of wealth: a woman, too, who bad sio(From the 7th Number of the London Magazine.)

and scholars of the time. Buffon, Marmontel, ned, and who, humbled by her transgressions, might

d'Alembert, frequented the baron's evening parties, take her stand patiently, and courageously, and per. With all the varieties of faith and practice which

and the little Juliana was in high favour with these severingly, at the foot of the cross, like Mary Mag. daily experience offers to our observation, we cer.

celebrated persons, for she was already distinguished delene, who could despise nobody, and who might tainly should not have ventured to express any asto

by an extraordinary degree of sagacious quickness, sympathise with sinners like herself, who had been nishment if Madame Krudener bad merely made a

mingled with ber constitutional vivacity and sensi deceived, and who had fallen before the vanities of the crowd of cominon converts to her system of religi-binty:.

world, and the temptations of the flesh. A womaa ous mysticism ; for her manners, as appears from

“A lovely shape, tender expression of features, a was wanted who had been taught the deepest mysher history, are fascinating, her talents consider.

cheerful yet thinking mind, an understanding formed teries by love alone; a courageous womai, who, able, and her doctrines of a prepossessing cast.

by manifold kuowledge, a proficiency in the accom- having been possessed of almost every thing desira. Her language carries with it evidence of good com- plishments of her sex and station, .made her, in ber,

plishments of her sex and station, made her, in her, ble on earth, might be able to tell, even to Kings, pany and extensive information ; her birth is respect. in her fourteenth year, a fascinating creature: the that “all is vanity," and to hurl from their thrones able, and the pleasures and gaieties of French so

charm of her manner was the greater because her the false gods of the vain and pompous saloons." ciety before the revolution, with which she was inti

heart was conversant only with pure sensations. At Paris, to which capital Madame Krudener soon mate, have left tints of vivacity in her disposition,

Her eye was a mirror, in which ber soul might be weat, it was still worse than at Riga. “Connections that enliven the sombre hue of her devotional decla.

seen; and its serenity produced a frankness of tem. formed rapidly, were, in succession, as rapidly dis. rations. In all these respects she has the advantage

per which gave to her carriage a beautiful appear. solved.” She was driven from her father's boine by of Joanna Southcote, our late English prophetess, who

ance of ease. She approached every one with confi. secret uneasiness, and a desire to bush or drowo was fat, vulgar, and illiterate; and therefore not nearly

dence and pleasure: she suspected no one, because that voice of conscience wbich was perpetually so well calculated to make converts. Madame

she knew nothing of evil. It was about this time reminding her of her happy, because iunocent, Krudener's power of producing an impression on

that the Baron Krudener solicited her hand, which youthful life. An increasing inward perturbation, the hearts of people by her person and manners, soon after she bestowed."

however, still accompanied her, and she was plunged seems to have been, of itself, sufficient to create aol The Baron, soon after his marriage, went as am- | in a thousand new perplexities by her misconduct. enthusiastic feeliog in her favour. independently bassador from his goveroment (Russia) to Venice, / We are only told concisely by her biographer, that altogether of her tenets. Oa ber arrival in the

taking his wife with him. Her feelings on touching she suffered many misfortones at Paris," which at Canton of Solothurn, the editor of the “Swiss

the land where classic fame, and the romantic spirit length occasioned ber return to Germany; and, in Guide," thus broke forth at the top of his voice :

of the middle ages, unite the interest proper to each the year 1798, she lived at Leipsic with a Freach. “ Madame Krudener now forms our reiguing

with the suggestions excited by the throne of religion man who had followed her from his own country. constellation, and she eclipses all the fixed stars and

in and the triumphs of art, are forcibly expressed in After this, she went, for a short time, to Russia; planets of our terrestrial world. Her appearance

her Novel called “Valerie,” wbich' she wrote at and in 1801 returned again to Paris. amongst us is delightful, if it were only for afford

Paris in 1802, with a view to effect, by its means, "a Here she now seems to have lived in a very gay ing to us, in the midst of our garrow and constrain

complete change of morals in the French fashionable and splendid style.' This was the era of her coddec. ed existence, a specimen, an image, for once, of

world.".

. . . . tion 'with Gatat, the singer, already alluded to, and noble, elegant, and liberal life. She is followed like of this Novel we are sorry to he obliged to state. I of the composition of her favourite novel, Valerie. St. John in the Desert : but it is no wonder that she. that, when it was com rosed, Madame Krudener had. The quickness and ardour of her emotionis remain. is so, for she feeds, at once, the minds, hearts, and but too much reason to say with Falstaff, “ Now ed, but novelty war exhausted, and hope could proam I, if a man should speak truly, little better than

mise nothing more in life worth living for? stomachs of all who come.”

This is A lady, thus richly accomplished, and liberally one of the wicked.”

the state of mind in which men and women are At Paris, at this time, observes

tempted to exclaim, "all is vanity," and to tura conducting herself, was not, as the editor says, likely |

her biographer,
« She
ented the most

suddenly, for refuge from themselves, either to reto preach to thin congregations, or to deaf ears; ..; but that a female should, on the strength of some

ceived the first-rate scholars and poets at her house,ligion or philosophy. Madame Krudener chose the

and followed all the fashions and amusements of the former, and became the philanthropical prophetess. eloquently expressed dreams of a religious cast, (in.

world." volving pretensions to inspired prophecy, yet never

Her henevolence was her own : fanaticism vas, proThe singer, Garat, a wild and thoughtless

young man, is said to bave been her favourite. inconsistent with the utmost purity of sentiment,)

bably, only the result of unfortunate circumstances. arrest the attention of monarchs in the hour of

We wish the youth of Madame Krudener had. It was during this period that she was taken novictory, and sway their councils afterwards, is surely been placed more towards the present time; we | tice of by the Queen of Prussia. “In 1812," says a remarkable fact; happeniog, as it did, in the year

should have liked her to have met Lord Byron at Madame de Chezy," I found the woman, whom i 1814 of the Christian era. The truth, however, we Venice : to bare encountered him at the amiable in 1802 left at Paris, engaged in intrigues and ani. believe to be, that the successes of the allied arms, Countess Bensone's, a lady at whose palace is heldmated by literary ambition at Carlsrhue, clad in a in that year had rendered several of the crowned the most agreeable and respectable conversazione of|

the most agreeable and respectable conversazione of plain black great coat, her hair cut close to her heads of Europe tétes eraltées, in the proper accep

that city. La Comtesse would have delighted to head, surroanded wherever she went by the poor, and tation of the French phrase. They were in a trium have brought together, uoder her elegant and hos. filled with an earnest, though then atill moderate phal fever, a delirium of joy, and human nature in pitable roof, two such remarkable persons as the Poet zeal for the word of God." its happiness, as well as in its Ibisery, is prone to

and the Mystic, and to have watched the influence At Carlsrhue, Madame Krudener became acconnect itself immediately with heaven.

on ench other of such bighly gifted and very sensi-quainted with Mr. Juog. Stilling; and from his conIt was at this critical moment that Madame

tive minds. Madame Krudener arrived at Venice versation imbibed his notions regarding the milleKrudener is understood to have made a decided im.

with her husband, but she left it alone. “She did nium, and some other occult matters, on which his pression on the hearts of the monarchs; and more not," says her biographer, “ kind in ber alliance that ideas were peculiar. particularly on that of Alexander, by the fervour

satisfaction which her ardent mind expected and in the autumo of the famous year 1814, she again and apparent inspiration of ber devotional appeals : demanded; so that her domestic concerus became went to Paris. Here she had formerly been an ob. appeals which she adapted, with great ability, to the embroiled, and a separation from her husband atject of fashionable notoriety for her literary parties, circumstances in which were placed, at the moment, I length took place."

and the gaiety and splendour of her receptions : those whom she was most anxious to gain. The at. In 1791, Madame Krudener returned from Italy, now she became equally so for ber prayer meetings. tention paid to this lady's benevolent and religious a separated wife, to the house of her parents in The newspapers stated, that she inhabited a large exhortations, some have traced to an interest of Riga, and with them she lived for some time. All house, where she received her disciples; thai, another nature, which she had excited in the bosom who knew her at this period, agree in declaring, that through four or five empty rooms, which were not of one prince, at least, at an earlier period, when the fascination of her persou and manners was ir-even lit up at night, the way led to the sanctuary in the enthusiasm and natural tenderness of her dispo- resistible! but, alas, we learn from her biographer, which the new priestess lay extended on a sofa ; a sition manifested themselves, with not less ardour, that now “her lively disposition, susceptible heart, few rush bottomed chairs for the visitors forming in a more common direction. Be that as it may, no and exposed state, operated upou by the seducing the only furniture besides. But such was the inone doubts that “peace and good-will to man" charms of fashionable life, drew her into errors."| fluence she had now acquired, that the allied So.

ings."

Fereigos, or, at least, one of them, and be not the INTERESTING ACCOUNT OF THE much admired as a very ingenious edifice, least distinguished of their number, became a lis!

EDYSTONE LIGHTHOUSE. and Winstanley certainly deserved the cretever to her exhortations and announcements. " It is confidently affirmed," observes her biographer,

dit of being the first projector of a very " that the foundation of that celebrated Alliance, From Gilpin's Western Part of England, p. 220.) | difficult work. He had fixed it to the rock which, ander the denomination of holy, has, and is still to have, a most important operation on the des.

by twelve massy bars of iron, which were tinies of Europe ; and which few or gone, except Among the curiosities of this coast, the let down deep into the body of the stone. those with whom it origipated, can pretend to comprebend, was at this time laid at her prayer-meet

Edystone light-house is not one of the least. It was generally indeed thought well found

About three leagues beyond Plymouth-ed; and the architect himself was so con. At this time she put forth one of the most singular of her productions, a description of the reli-sound, ma mne nearly between Start-point vinced of its stability, tl gious festival, celebrated in the plains of Chalons and the Lizard, lie a number of low rocks, say, that he wished for nothing more than by the Russian troops, with their Emperor at their lacneedinolu

exceedingly dangerous at all times, but to be shut up in it during a violent storm. bead. (" Le Camp de Vertus, a Paris, chez le Normant.")

especially when the tides are high, which He at length had his wish ; for he happened When Madame Kredener arrived, in the autumn

render them invisible. On these rocks it to be in it, at the time of that memorable of 1915, at Basil, she soon collected a crowd of people about her; and her discourses were now full of had long been thought necessary to place storm on the 26th of November 1703. As all the raptares of prophecy and poesy. The gene some monitory signal. But the difficulty the violence, however, of the tempest came ral spirit of ber system seems to be the regeneration of Society, hy infusing more happiness into of constructing & light-house was great. on, the terrified architect began to doubt the condition of the lower orders, and removing all One of the rocks indeed, which compose the firmness of his work: it trembled in the Teatizes of oppression and selfishness from amongst Lehis roof is considerably larger than the blast and shook in every

So this reef is considerably larger than the blast, and shook in every joint. the bigber.

In vain he The following account of Madame Krudener's rest; yet its dimensions are still narrow: made what signals of distress he could in. proceedings at Basil, is given by her biographer, and it is often covered with water and fre. I vent, to bring a boat fror

it is often covered with water, and fre-vent, to bring a boat from the shore. The wili we think, be read with interest :

* The womeg, always fond of allegory, and pronequently, even in the calmest weather, sur-| terrors of the storm were such, that the to powerful engutivas, always preferring the impulses rounded by a swelling sea, which makes it boldest vessel durst not face it. How long of the heart to the culd investigations of reason, were here strongly impressed by Madame Krudener's

's difficult to land upon it; and much more so he continued in this melancholy distress is doctrines. Wives and maidens, stimulated by her to carry on any work of time and labour. unknown; but in the morning no appeareloquence, were seen selling all they bąd, and giv

The uncommon tumult of the sea in this ance of the light-house was left. It and all ing into the poor.' Their jewels, their househuld faraiture, their dress, all went to coustitute a fund place is occasioned by a peculiarity in the its contents, during that terrible night, were for the needy."

rocks. As they all slope and point to the swept into the sea. This catastrophe fur. It is not very surprising that Swiss fathers and basbands were not in a gond buinour with these cou-north-east, they spread their inclined sides, nished wr. way with the

om north-east, they spread their inclined sides, nished Mr. Gay with the following simile in Tersions of ibeir wives and daughters. ,

of course, to the swelling tides and storms his Trivia, which was written a few years She vow became an object of suspicion and dis

al of the Atlantic. And as they continue in after the event like to the authorities of the various Cantons, and on saschased from place to place in a way, the descrip- this shelving direction many fathoms below So when fam'd Edystone's far-shooting ray, tion of which excites our feelings pretty strongly on the surface of the sea, they occasion that

That led the Sailor through the stormy way, bet side.

Was from its rocky roots by billows torn, During the scarcity of the year 1816, she expend- violent working of the water, which the

And the high turret in the whirlwind borne, ed large soms in supplyiug the poor with food, and

seamen call a ground swell. So that after great bombers of these focked around her in the

Pleets bulged their sides against the craggy land, village of Grenzacher Horn, at a short distance from a storm, when the surface of the sea around And pitchy ruins blacker'd all the strand.. Basil. But the magistrates of this place still con: is perfectly smooth, the swells and agitation! A light-house was again constructed on tinued her enemies, and, on the evening of the 23d of January, 1817, the village was surrounded by the about these rocks are dangerous. From this rock before the conclusion of Queen armed police, and Madame Krudener's bearers and these continual eddies the Edystone derives Anne's reign, It was undertaken by one pensioners were all taken into custody. Madame Krajener now set out avowedly on the its name.

Rudyard, who built it also of wood, but pilgrimage which was to include all Germany and The first light-house of any consequence, having seen his predecessor's errors, avoided the neighbouring nations; and to the poor of all

hol erected on this rock, was undertaken by a them. He followed Winstanley's idea in countries she particularly addressed herself. She erec gare the name of the mission" to the few friends person of the name of Winstanley, in the the mode of fixing his structure to the that accompanied her, and assisted her teaching Trion of King William These were now Empeytas, Kelluer, and Professor

fonas: reign of King William. Mr. Winstanley rock; but he chose a plain circular form,

Mr Winston Lachenal from Basil. An“ Appeal to the Poor," does not appear to have been a man of so- without any gallery, or useless projecting vas published by this body:--they were desired in lidity and judgment sufficient to erect an parts for the storm to fasten on. it to trust in Göd's blessing more than in labour,

To give and to expect his interposition in their behalf in the edifice of this kind. He had never been stability also to his work, he iudiciously in. wuntries where they were uajustly treated. This noted for any capital work, but much cele. Itroduced, as ballast at th

noted for any capital work; but much cele- troduced, as ballast at the bottom, 270 tons interpositiou would shew itself by great plagues and awful visitations, She particularly alludes to those

brated for a variety of trifling and ridiculous of stone. In short, every precaution was places where the poor are not allowed to marry un contriyances. If you set your foot on a taken to secure it against the fury of the less they have a certain sum of money ;-here she

certain board in one of his rooms, a ghost two elements of wind and water, which had fars, the laws of man are opposed to those of God.

Madame Krodeger continued to travel from towu would start up ; or if you sat down in an destroyed the last. But it fell by a third. to town, but no where was she allowed by the authorities to stop. The muncipalities were on the

elbow-chair, its arms would clasp around Late one night, in the year 1755, it was alert to warn her off their premises the moment of you. His light-house, which was built of observed from the shore to be on fire. Its her arrival. These measures only teaded to increase

wood, partook of his whimsical genius. It upper works having been constructed of the crowds that followed her. Early in 1818, she was delivered over by the Saxon police to the Prus-was finished with galleries, and other orna- I ligkit timber, probably could not bear the sian, and conducted by the latter, with her friends,

ments, which encumbered it, without being heat. It happened fortunately that Admiral to Konigsberg, since which time nothiug has been beard of this remarkable womao,

of any use. It was, however, on the whole, West rode with a fleet at that time in the

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