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Natural History.'.;

(Written for the Kaleidoscope.) 1 Upon such heart-rending occasions as the death

of a real friend, the mind, "refusiog to be com-
HORÆ OTIOSÆ.

furted," toros away in disgust from “the pomps
and vanities" of the world, and seeks for some con-

.
· No. VII.

LIVES OF ANIMALS. 1. solation, or some amusement from sources perhaps yet untried, from fountains wbicb bad Intherto been

| A comparative vier of the different ages common to Hail, thou goddess, sage and holy !

several of the animal creation. Hail, divinest MELANCHOLY!

“ Unnoticed, and almost unknown," Whose saintly visage is too bright at wbich it had not yet quenched its thirst, and of

The partridge, peacock, swine, and turtle dove, To hit the sense of human sight.

Twenty-five years on earth may chance to rove; the very existeoce of wbicb it bad but little kutow

Hares, cats, and sheep live seldom more than ten ; Come, but keep thy wonted state,

ledge; but which are now found capable of pro Rams, bulls, and dogs live half as long again ; With even step and musing gait,

ducing the most uomingled sausfaction, the purest The ox, a "curious fact," and horse a score; And looks commercing with the skies ; delight.

A goat and pigeon eight, but seldom more.
Thy wrapt soul sitting in thine eyes.

When turning from the grave of a departed friend, The ass till thirty, and a goose with men
Milton.
i melancholy pleasure of the most refined descrip-

Spins out a term of three score years and ten
tion frequently steals over the muurver; the remein-

While the hoarse raven, and the eagle, soar A melancholy mag generally passes with the brauce of the virtues of him who is now at rest ; of

O'er beauteous scenes, one hundred years or more. world for a very avhappy being; but could they who

the many bappy bours spent in his company; of his are disposed to form this barsh decisivo, enter into

ournerous acts of friendship; and of those little hr view, partake of bis pleasures, catch that eo- tokeus of esteem which have been received from

TO THE EDITOR. fbusiesin which animatex, or that peace which pushim : tbe painful thougbt, too, that these pleasures

putes bts suol; could they view, with his eyes, the will never be repeated, that his society can be enjoyed Sir.-In vour last paper appeared an “ Alarming affairs upon which they are su earnestly engaged; no longer, rush upon, and overwhelm the mind; I calculation" of the injury and waste occasioned by were they able to relish that happiness wbich is un whilst the hope of meeting once more in “ another Rooks. The sum total is certainly exaggerated, although accompanied by ostentation; could they, in short, I and a better world!"

and a better world!"

But if your

But if your readers have your friend affects to take the lowest data; and I doubt be cruteutlu live in peaceful retirement from the

never experieuced such feelings, it is in vain to at. not you will see the mischief that might ensue were his brutle of the world, or dispassionate contenupt of its

tempt to paint them; and if they have enjoyed the opinions generally received; fortunately they are not. Wollen; they woulil perbups feel disposed to aweud

pleasure resulting from sucb reflections, cold and The farmer knows, too, (as well as the naturalist) the faer verilici, aud pronounce the inelancholy man uosatisfactory must be any picture from this pen,

services these useful bipeds render; services which uue uf the happiest of the human race.

overpay all the destruction they are ever guilty of comupon so ballowed a subject. He w bu views his fellow-men tbrough the distorted

mitting; and which the following extract may serve to

At the funeral of one, who, whilst living, had illustrate: .. trediuin of passion, envy, or malice, is not uufre been beheld with that mixture of reverence and “These insects (hedge-chafers ) appear in hot weather quently confounded with him whose distaste for affection, of respert and esteem, wbich was ibe in formidable numbers, disrobing the fields and trees of 0x0y of the pleasures of life arises, Dut from any willing homage paid to him by those who had the their verdure, blossoms, and fruit; spreading desolation hatrer to his fellow mortals, but from a conviction honour of his friendship, I remember tbat numbers and destruction wherever they go. They appeared in that such pleasures as they are engaged in will be of those who had been supported by his bounty, or

great numbers in Ireland, during a hot summer, and Duly as "sand to the teeth, and aslies to the jaws." | directed by his advice, had assembled in front of his committea great

committed great ravages. In the year 1747 whole E The gloomy misanthrope is a very different charac-dwelling, to pay their last tribule of esteem to one,

meadows and corn-fields were destroyed by them in Sufter. If the une does not jow in the pursuits of mall who, bud he not deserved it, would not bave had it

folk. The decrease of Rookeries in that county was and with that vigour aud animation which others

thought to be the occasion of it. The many rookeries paid even to his reipains. The sigh which burst in

with us, is, in scme measure, the reason why we have Pussexs, neither duts ,he sacrifice the mounepis of

voluntarily from every heart; the silent eloquence so few of these destructive insects."—Wallis's Northumretirement lo splern and moroseuess; he looks with

which their faces displayed as the mournful specta- | berland. " ga eve af pity upon those, in whose schemes of hap. cle de parted, were, in my opinion, far more desirable Every friend, then, of agriculture and of humanity pierse he c out participate, whilst the other is than anything wbich wealth could purcbase, or must feel concerned in the preservation of these birds ; cantouatty adding fuel to that fire of rage and dis.lv

Anitery erect to the memory of the dead; the fears and looking upon you, Mr. Editor, as such, I beg the apwanted vauity, which be nourishes by siarling at which glistened in their eyes, infinitely preferable,

les infinitely preferable insertion of this “defence of the Rook."-Yours, &c. i Burst, why, but for want of wealth, or youtb, he] as mementus of deparied virtue, iu the higures with

PYRUS. wwyuld make it the height of his ambition to imitale, which the sculptor, or the escutcheons with which

(Our correspondent's attention is directed to the NaIf, indeed, mau is destined in this world to meet the herald, would have bedizened his toob.

tuialist's Diary in this number of the Kaleidoscope, with trouble and anxiety, as well as pleasure and! The pomp and ceremony of a great funeral have

where he will find something on the same subject.] Djs ment, it cannot be a great crime to value life

to me always had a je ne sais pus quoi very forbid. attording to its real worth; to rest satisfied that

ding; how great the contrast between the oudding frunaterruptd happiness is not to be met with bere; plonines' which, in idle statc, wave over the bier of the mlu turn away from those trifles, which, although rich, and the simple, uvosteplatious, yet affecting

For MARCH, 1821. . thers eagerly pursue, we are convinced cannot

ceremonial at tbe obsequies of the poor! The oue urd that peace of mind, without which every other

is followed to the grave by many, who, if they really w ssion is worthless, because uoproductive of that

lanent bis luss, are so awed by fashion, as to be Borne o'er the smiling plain, op soaring wings, tappiness which is greedily expected from it. ashamed of giving utterance to their very natural

The early lark in rapturous warblings sings; . Mapy, even uf ihose who exclaim with the poet, | feelings; the other is surrounded by real muurners,

Her joyful notes the lab'ring peasant cheer,
“ Hence, loathed melancholy !"
whose grief is, in general, at once simple and affect-

Who turns, well pleased, to Heav'n, his list’ning ear;

Then bending, ploughs in dark brown waves the ground, when overwhelmed with misfortuve, or oppressed ing. The one lics enshrined in a leaden coffin, or a

While crows and magpies hov'ring fly around. rith that “Grief which does not speak," but wbich marble monument, and" afdiction's semblance beod.

With measured step the sower treads the plain, “ Whispers the o'erfraught heart, and bids it break," ing o'er his tomb," supplies the place of “affiction's

And lib'ral show'rs around the golden grain. self," who is seldom "seen to weep” amidst such urn away in disgust from the splendid scenery of gorgeous pageantry; the other lies under a mouud

The superabundant moisture of the earth being ruety and dissipation, and endeavour to console of earth, open which the grass or wild flower grows;

dried up, the processof vegetation in gradually brought tlarniselves in solitude and peace; and of this class and even should it not be decked by the hand of some

on : those trees which, in the last month, were bud. out a few have there found a delight arising from a child or affectionate friend with the blushing rose,

ding, now begin to put forth their leaves; and the calm survey of the real value (or, rather, utter or the lilies, is far more beautiful than * Solomon in

various appearances of oature avgounce the apwurthlessness) of what they have forsakro; or from all his glory” Thus, the “grave, dread ibing !"

proach of SPRING. Yet the appearance of this being conviced that they liave sought after a degree spenus stripped of half its horrors, whilst not biog

deligbiful seasvo is often retarded by cold and keen of pleasure which was not to be found, at least in can be more cbeerless (disgusting, I had almost

winds, and blowing weather.' the channels where they had expected it, have found 1-a d) than the vault in which the “ great men, and | March, through the hours of promise, with bright ray a pleasure to which they had bithertu been strangers; the inighty men" of ihe earth are deposited. There May gild thy noons; yet, on wild pinion bornc, aint a peace far preferable to that appearance of is sounething in the inouud of green earth, clothed | Loud winds more often rudely wake thy morn, happiness which is generally aimed al; being at last with flowers and shrubs, which engaves the mind of! And harshly hymn thy early closing day. crariuced, that, instead of uninterrupted pleasure,

the most thoughtless; and many a nad schoolboy, / Still the chilled earth wears, with her tresses shorn, all are doonied to experieuce a taste of pleasure, but

who, for a moment's sport, would not hesitate to rub Her bleak, gray garb. mot unalloyed

a weeping cupid of his wings, or even of bis head, In late seasons the tender leaves of the forest trees • To each his sufferings, are all men

would perhaps approach with reverence the Auwer are still fast wrapped up in the bard cases of their Condemned alike to groan :

that blossomeal over the unassuming grave of a buds, and require some warmth and rain to give them
The tender, for another's pain;
humble pra anit!

B. vigour 10 unfold themselves. Still, however, the
The unfeeling, for his own."
Liverpool, rebruary, 1821. . .

forest is not destitute of interest. The occasio: al

The Naturalist's Diary,

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note of the blackbird gives a presage of approach-1 Those birds which bave pagued the winter in contrary to all military lants, to destroy an unresistine jag spring, and enlivens the solitude. And, as if to England now take their departure for more portb- enemy. I have since arranged that A and B, havine remind us of the agreeable colours of the abseat erly regions. The fieldfares travel to Russia, Swe- the power to move their pieces in any direction foliage, the common polypody cootioues to orna- deo, aud Norway, and even as far as Siberia. They without being annoved by a ment the tops of old pottard hornbeams, where, in do not arrive in France until December, wben they

ney | without being annoyed by C, shall not bave the the collection of moisture and rotten leaves formed assemble in large flacks of two or three thousaod.

| power of taking C's inactive men. I fancy that the in the hollows, it finds ample means of growth. Io. | The redwing, which frequents the same places, I principle is more just, and the game certainly more is. deed this plant, from the siogular arrangemeut of its eats the same food, and is very similar in manners

the singular arrangement of its leats the same food, and is very similar in mappers teresting, by the adoption of the latter mode, The fruit in dots along the under surface of the leaf, is io-to tbe fieldfare, also takes leave of this country for double game is considerably more complicated thun teresting to tbe young botapist. So, indeed, is the the season. Soon after, the woodcock wiags its the single. When four persons actustomed to plays common antwbea in full blooin. Ils pendant catkio aërial voyage to the country bordering on the Bal.chess form the party, the interest te etcites is bevord or amentum, contaioing the farina, ie yery conspi-tig. Some olber birds, An the crane and stork, forcuous, throwing out its dual on being agitated; but merly vatives of Ibis island, bave quitted it entirely

description. I have described the double game ta the fruit bearing sover is not so obvious, and will since our cultivatiou and population bave so rapidly

113 many of my friends, and about eighteen months * repay the trouble of minutely examining the neigh increased.

| particularised it to a manufacturer of chess-boards to bouring buds, among which will be found some tipt A curious circumstance in the migration of birds,

A curious circumstance in the migration of birds, Oxford-street. Previous to the date I bave mentioned, with several crimson laments; these buds are the in their equal or this dispersion over a large inact uf I never beard or read of the double game of chest future nuls,

country, so that enclo sput, generally speaking, has if, therefore, such a game had been introduced, it pu The melody of birds now gradually swells upon some of all or many sorte. For instance, all the perfectly unknown to me: and I have mentioned the the car. The throatle, second only to the vight-lippets ja England are not in one place, all ibe goldingale in song, charms us with tủe sweetness of finches in another, all the bullfachea in another, and

Send circumstance to many eminent chess-players, who al ita lays. ,, Tbe ligget god the goldfioch join tbe | so witb the sparrows, top-ljtg, cbaffioches, larks, without a single exception, avowed their perfect igas general coocert in this month, and the golden- &c. &c. but there is a general mixture, subject to rance of any such game.-Bath Chronicle. crowned wreu begins its sopg. The lark also must variations, in almost all places. pat be forgotten. The melody of this little creature) Tu shis month ibe young naluralist will not forget continaes during the whole of the summer. It is to observe the spa qu of the frog, which is now found

Quick at Work, quick at Mcat.The following is chiefly, however, in the morajug and evening that on the surface of the ponds in great abundance, in

stance of hard labour and rapid workmansbip ve ! its strains are beard; and as it chaupte its mellow

told has been seldom, if ever, equaled. Thomas Green the form of jelly. This is constituted of a mass of and Thomas Sutton, in the employ of Mr. J. Mestis notes on the wing, it is the peculiar favourite of glubules, each coveloping a black egg, of the ap. of Baston, near Market Deeping, made in twenty-fr every person wbo has taste to relish the beauties of pearance and size of a rape-seed.

days, out of old iron, twelve hundred and thirty bear nature at the most tranquil seasons of the day, par- The smelt begins to ascend rivers to spayo, when shoes, being nearly fifty-two each per day. We bere ticularly at davo. they are taken in great abundance.

it has hitherto been considered by the trade as an aleja THE MORNING LARK.

On the Bib tbe vernal equipox takes place, and unmatchable instance of rapid workmanship to make • Peathered lyric, warbling high, all vature feels her renovating sway, and seems to

forty-eight of the same articles from old iron in a day,

and that, but occasionally. Mr. Measures, nowillige, rejoice at the retreat of winter. Sweetly gaining on the sky, Opening with thy matin lay River and rivulet are freed from ice

we presume, to .muzzle" the ox that treadeth out the (Nature's hymn) the eye of day,

corn,' regaled his workmen, after the completion of the In SPRING's affectionate, inspiring, smile; Teach my soul, on early wing,

task, with two plumb-puddings, a leg of mutton, and Green are the woods with promise far away

a bucket full of ale, when they proved themselves a es. Thus to soar, and thus to sing. To the rough hills old WINTER hath withdrawn

pert at trencher-work as they had previously been at the While the bloom of orient light Strengthless ;--but still at intervals will send

anvil, by devouring the whole, with the exception of Gilds thee in thy tupeful Alight, Light feeble frosts, with drops of diamond white.

very small piece of the mutton. The mutton and peale May the day-spring from od high,

Varying the green bloom of the springing flower! dinge weighed altogether 161b. In the progress of the Seen by faith's religious eye,

Goethe.

torging, they burnt 32 strikes of coals; and, in the Cheer me with his vital ray,

days, drank 850 pints of ale, given them by Mr. Messunta Promise of eternal day.

who also paid them £5. 145. for their labour.-Drakords

Miscellanies. In this month, rooks build and repair their neste.

Stamford News. That these birds are not so detrimental to the farmer - is generally imagined, bas, we think, been satis

[See Notice to Correspondents. ]

1. The following strange, but well-attested occurrence,

which actually took place a few days since, will remai factorily proved. Of the common carrion crow we

our readers of cannot speak so favourably: in this month, or later THE DOUBLE GAME OF CHESS.

Him who took the Doctor's bill, in some seasons, this bird, at other times wary and shy, becomes uncommonly bold and fearless, and (Introduced at the request of a Correspondent.)

And swallow'd it, instead o'th' pill few birds are more injurious to the countryman

“A man-servant, in the employ of the Rev. Dr. Pe than he is. Should a kite or bawk appear bear tbe The Double Game of Chess, by C. H. Wilkinson - MER, of Yarcombe, near Chard, being taken , farm-yard, all its inhabitants scream out au alarm, In the year 1804, being on a visit at Mr. Watson's,

medical attendant of the family was sent for, per and some preparation for safety is taken, or the banker. Clonmel, Ireland, the idea of a double game

pared for the man a bolus from the family nakita wisance is scared away ; but the crow 1 10 some of chess first presented itself to my attention. Thada ]

chest, and having wrapped up in paper the manner domesticated amongat. us, and he becomes

of chess first presented itself to my attention. I had a weights used in weighing out the proper proportion

| board constructed, capable of having twelve squares proportionally more daring' and insidious: young

the drugs, left them on the table, and near to them

bolus, which he desired one of the females of the bouse ** poultry are destroyed in qumbers by them; ducks, on each side; a space in each corner adequate to four

carry to the map-servant, with instructions to take it turkeys, and other out-laying birds, frequently lose squares being left ondivided, left 128 squares, or mediately in treacle. Some hours afterwards, his must nearly all their eggs by this bird. In one ungenial| double the number of squares which are on the com- came to inquire about the patient, and found him season in the month of May, a Gloucestershire cor- mon chess-board. A double set of men are necessary:

fering under very uneasy symptoms, which the mate: respondent informs us, he bad nearly all his youngli

tributed to the strange kind of medicine the Doctors ng I employ four colours, viz. red, white, black, and green; broud of pigeons (when they followed the old over

ordered for him, and which he said he should neve ioto the field) successively killed by them; they the

the position of the players is not in the opposition as have got through with, had he not cut it into smule even chased the old ones, striking them with their at whist, but they are placed as allied forces, side by pieces ;' but, he thanked God, that, though it wa

rather rough and sharpish, he had got it all down.' 113 strong beaks on the back of their decks, and thus side; necessarily no communication can take place

account puzzled his master exceedingly, who, how casily brought them to the ground; and to such an with each other as to their respective intentions. Sup

uve intentions. Sup- soon discovered that the man had actually swallonte extent was this havock carried, that, in order to save posing A and B as antagonists to C and D; it is neces-treacle a complete set of brass grain weights, 20 cm the dove cot, it was necessary to have all these vo

sary for both C and D to be checkmated before A and the bolus, which was found lying harmlessly on the racious birds shot.

table in his master's room. Proper remedies were her la this month, trouts, begin to rise; blood-worms B arc conquerors; if C be checkmated, D may subse

mediately adopted, for dislodging this uncommon des appear in the water; black anta are observed; tbe quently relieve the checkmate, and then C returns to

from the man's stomach, who subsequently repres blackbird and the turkey lay; and house pigeons sit; action. For the first year I amused myself with this from his illness." the greenfiach sings; the bat is seen fitting about ;) game; presuming myself to be the inventor I prescribed

Longevity. There is a venerable family not line and the viner uncoils itself from its winter sleep. certain laws; supposing C to be checkmated, conser | about three miles from Bingley, consisting of two The wheatear, or English ortolan, agaia pays its quently incapable of moving, yet either A or B had the thers and a sister, whose united ages amount asqual visit, leaving England, in September. They

bey privilege of taking such of the pieces of C as might be years; one brother being upwards of 95 years of are found in great numbers about East Bourne,

the other upwards of 89, and the sister abore 86. TREP in Sussex, more than eighteen hundred dozeo being

en prise, in order that if, in the progress of the game C

| are all in tolerable health and enjoy the use of

would return to t agevally taken in this neighbourbood. They are

on with faculties, and it is remarkable that they are usually sixpence per dozen,

la diminished force. I have since considered this as children their parents ever had.

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The following letter against dueling, which was 1 munity is extended: they would, therefore,

TO THB EDITOR
written by the late Emperor of Germany, Joseph the
Second, is one of his Generals, has just found its way institute laws or rules whereby those who
sa the world in a work at Leipsic, entitled a Collection

disbelieve in God or disregard His will, la
disbal
sheliose in coin

d ui. wilt SIR Although your colutnin's are chiefly occupied of unpublished Letters of Joseph Ili

Wild, by a display of mental exertion and ingenuity, extretne **General, desine you to arrest Count, K. and might be constrained to keep it for the physical agility and expertness is assuredly worthy of Cawain W, immediately. The Count is of an im

the attention of the studious during their moments of d of his birth, and full of false general benebt: thus, the fear of im- relaxation. The feats of Dubois and his disciples have Heas of honour. Captain W. who is, an old soldier, Imediate punishment would impress a re.

their admirers among the curious and philosophie, as thinks of spelling every thing by the sword or pistol.

exhibiting the facility of producing ocular deception, . * Count w

go uwum P45"ancc 10 we We o me murderer, by a nimbleness or movement which we do not meet I will not suffer the practice of dueling to perform w wup

that which the community has of deception has been fully equaled by the Chinese

with in the ordinary exertions of life. But this species o my army: and. I despise the arguinents of those - who seek to justifyite I have a high esteen, for officers determined should involve his own destruc

ermined shonld involve his own destruc- and Indian Jugglers, whose general performantes may the expose themselvee courageously to the enemy,

rank in a higher scale than those of more slight-of|tion; and although he does not think it hand, as they consist of an astonishing command over and who on all occasions show themselves intrepid, baliant, and determined in attack, as well as defence. The indifference with wbich they face death is honour. I wrong to supply his own wants from the inanimate objects the maintaining of equilibrium

| poising and tossing bodies on the point of stick, and able to themselves and useful to their country; but abundance of his neighbours, or gratify maintaining various evolutions at one time, with balls, es te men ready to sacrifice every thing to a spirit of his hatred by destroying the object of it'; I quickness of vision, and nimbleness of action combined,

or knives, &c. Here we have, without any deception, revenge and hatred. I despise them : such men, in my opinion, are worse than Roman gladiators. Let a yet he is compelled to think so, otherwise to produce a pleasing and extraordinary effect. cound of war be summoned to try these two officers,

I last night paid a second visit to the Chinese Jugglers, te with all the impartiality which I demand from every his own destruction follows. Thus the I now here? udges and let the most culpable of the two, be made

natural principle of self-preservation teaches astonishing faculty of action, than by supposing they Lexample, by the rigour of the law. I am resolved

have devoted a life of continued practice and exertion --t this barbarous custom, which is worthy of the age him, that it is right to refrain from theft to its acquirernent. The manoeuvres with the balls at Tamerlane and Bajazet, and which is so often fatal

the extremities of a cord were highly amusing a lady, the peace of families, shall be punished and sup- and murder; for surely every many thiakb

who sat next me, nearly fell from her seat on starting seed, though it should cost me half my officers. that right which conduces to his personal back from one of them, which the performer darted to bere will be still left men, who can unite bravery

within an inch of her nose; and several in the back kb the duties of faithful subjects. I wish for none

seats were seen occasionally rushing back, as bne of the ho do not respect the laws of the country.".

Now, if the community has not established
ning heenot adtablished | balls, in the middle of their various evolutions, fler

swiftly but harmlessly at their heads, to the infinite laws for the prevention of those crimes, amusement of the spectators. The thong, or brazen

instrument of warfare, was expertly twirled in a thora Correspondence. but suffered them with impunity, the thief

sand graceful ways, and gave us a lively idea of the or murderer would not have known that neatness with which we might be transfixed, if engaged

Jin the field with a host of such nimble warriors.
TO THE EDITOR.

it was right to abstain from those acts. I should be glad if any of your readers could inform
By the laws of Sparta, we know that the

me whether juggling constitutes the principat national

amusement of China. If such feats be common there, Sir-I was led to the consideration of the following theft was allowed, and not unfrequently it is a proof of ingenuity and expertness, which, if apubject by arguing with a friend : whether it is more recorded and shorter o m niries who plied to the more important purposes of life, would raise preside with Scripture and reason to believe the Hear

| rewarded: and there are communities who that little-known country higher than she has hitherto Then will be saved or they will not? As much of the allow; nay, even deem it praiseworthy for I risen in the scale of national importance.

Yours, &c. J. B. pument rests on the intuitiveness of the Moral Sense, the child to murder his aged parent. Nu Liverpool, March 9th, 1821. Za vend you my thoughts thereon, in the hope that some merous other instances might be adduced

your more able correspondents will either confirme: my lof vice (in our sense of that word) being! -ntiments on that point, or show cause why I should

TO THE EDITOR. lange them. If you approve of this, I shall feel obliged considered as virtue, How then our sense you inserting them in the Kaleidoscope.

of right and wrong can be intuitive, 1 You will, doubtless, bave little reckoned on the pleaI am, &e.

cannot think, when there are millions of sure of hearing so soon from me again ; but, as the little J. H. our fellow-creatures who believe what we

| fat man in the play says, “honour pricks me on :" and

| what Irishman, whether to serve friend or foe, ever get call virtuous and right to be vicious and refused to obey the mandates of her most capricious deibers ON THE MORAL SENSE.

wrong. I therefore think, that our con- dyship? Yesterday, as the family were assembled com,

sciousness of right and wrong is not in gether, enjoying what Father Murphy poetically devoThe true import of the “ Moral Sense" tuitive, but the offspring of example and

|minated a "noon day refection," and, in the midst of

a learned controversy, between that erudice divine and conceive to be the consciousness of right imitation.

myself, on the merits of the ham pie, my groom of id wrong. What I purpose to consider

the chambers brought me your last week's Kaleidoscope, Whether this consciousness of right and

TO THE EDITOR!

franked by my cousin, che Honourable Broderick O'BOTong is intuitive, or it is not so ?

cherum, M. P.; and you may guess wich what mised

feelings of wunder and curiosity 1 per used the note of When we contemplate the actions of a SFR-The insertion of the subjoined anecdote will one Lorenzo, professing to bave discovered the creacommunity, of which we are members. webe a sufficient encouragement to “A Subscriber and

sure, whose untimely loss bas drowned the literary eprove of those actions, as the sense of Well wisher" to send you several others.

world in tears, and actually vouching for its appearance, March 7, 1821. le community has heretofore censured or

on the subsequent Monday.'

I never was, before (to use the idiom of the profapplauded them: for instance, part of the The Henrlade of Voltaire was first printed in Lon- num vulgus) so struck of a beap; the piece of batcer. "evealed will of God being, " Thou shalt I don, in 1726. Dodichi, a Greek, having accidentally pudding, which I was conveying to my masticating ot steal :_- Thou shalts do no murder." Wel | seen tbe first verses of this poem,

organ, fell from my fork on the floor, much to the devill suppose that this is made known as

“Je chante les combats, et ce Roi généreux triment of Miss Deborah's worked carpet, and the sa

Qui força les Français à devenir heureux," tisfaction of honest Pompey, who had been watching he will of God, to a community, and they lisaid to the author:"I am from the country of Homer; the delicious morsel with a sensitive squint peculiar to obey it in reverence to God; and for their he did not begin his poems with enigmas.” Voltaire that accomplisbed quadruped; and, altogether, my uture good, that they perceive the more

| acknowledged the justice of the centure, and substi- | outward man gave such evident symptoms of nervous trictly, these commands are kept, the ruted the following:

agitation, that, were it not for the balmy effects of a * Je chante ce heros; qui regna sur la France, glass of cherry-brandy, which tbat beautiful taid, more the peace and prosperity of the com Et par droit de conquête, et par droit de naissance." Miss Murpbina, poured out, and applied to my lips

Lierpool.

with her own fair bands, I am morally certain I should | Dismal gives me hopes of being able to draw a trigger in | LITHOGRAPHIC MAP.-Our readers may recollera have fainted away. « How the devil," exclaimed I, a fortnight : so let Mr. Lorenzo beware. By-the-way,

that, in the Kaleidoscope of December 3d, last year (excuse the adjuration) “could what I only lost last that gentleman speaks of me in a very disrespectful

we announced that “we had prepared a map of the week find its way so quickly over to England, and into manner, and with easy familiarity stiles me “ bis

recent discoveries in the polar regions, engraved by

the lithographic process, at our own press; and that Mr. Lorenzo's hands, unless the gentleman, whose cousin Goster." Cousin Goster! what does the son if the experiment succeeded tolerably, we should pame I have just taken the liberty of using, had sent of a cotton-bag mean? Methinks he should use a lit

on the following week, present it to our readers one of his chosen imps to be the bearer of what; doubt- tle more reverence in speaking of a man of family,

as an useful accompaniment to the various extracte

published in the Kaleidoscope on that interesting sabless, his Majesty's good taste, deemed too precious a and an officer in his Majesty's service.

ject." We stated also, at the same time, that we had morceau to be lost !" As this, however, is rather a Ballyblunder Castle, County Tipperary.

had so little experience in the lithographic art, tbat bold hypothesis, I did not allow it to enter beyond the

we felt diffident as to the entire success of our firs threshold of my pericranium ; but, with all the des.

specimen” On the following week (having not beut

inactive in the mean time) we addressed a paragraph, patch so peculiar to the O'Gosters, I immediately made To Correspondents.

on the same subject, to the public, which we now : up my mind how to act, in the present posture of

peat, from our notices to correspondents of that day. affairs. If, on the publication of the remaining cantos, EDITORIAL APOLOGY.-Common prudence and com-/" LITHOGRAPHIC MAP OF CAPT. PARRY's Polat I recognise my late beloved friend's effusions, I shall

mon candour conspire to point out the propriety of VOYAGE.-Owing either to the want of experiean,

our apologizing to DERMOT O'GOSTER, for the uncertainly make it my business to address a congratula

or of management, or, perhaps, of both; but ce

pardonable misnomer of which we have unwittingly tainly from no deficiency of inclination or pers. tory letter to Mr. Lorenzo, not forgetting a tender in

been guilty. in omitting the Sin the word POTSHEEN.

verance, we are obliged, for a while, to abandon au quiry in the postscript after a certain pair of inexpres.

which we thereby rendered “Potheen," a contemptible intention to present our readers a lithographic Sketch sibles, silk stockings, razor-case, &c. all as aforesaid,

diminutive which appears to have horrified our corres illustrative of the recent voyage of Captain Party

pondent, and his boon-companion, Father Murphy, which, doubtless, have also reverted intothegentleman's

We shall resume our efforts, however, in this nes

to boot; who, if the truth were told, did both of them, branch of the graphic art; as we are not in the babe possession; if, on the contrary, I find them the spuri. in all probability get “ unco fu',” to keep up their I of abandoning any speculation without a 'ful, hair, ous composition of some wretched poetaster's brain ;

spirits on so trying an occasion. We assure Mr. D. and impartial trial. .

O'GOSTER that we did not mean to put an affront Immediately after this iustimation the map alluded to counterfeit coin from a dull mint; no impertinent Ar.

upon old Ireland, for which we have a sincere affecragopian ever suffered more trom an enraged Cervantes,

was actually delineated, and carefully transferred a tion, nor upon himself, by the bull we have let slip;

the stone, from which, about fifty impressions were than shall this hapless wight from the annihilating

and we wish it to be clearly understood, that this our

printed off, which were not such, however, a effects of my pen. I shall launch all my thunders on

apology is in no degree aftected or expedited by the

could wish to issue to our readers as a specima d the

intimation in the latter part of his letter; to wit, that his devoted head; nor will my rage be appeased till I

art; besides which, we found that the time hetken Dr. Dismal assures him, that the finger (complained

to complete a sufficient number to accompany a have reduced him to utter inanition and forgetfulness. of in a former communication) will soon be sufficiently

tion of the Kaleidoscope, very greatly exceeded out By-the-way, my dear Editor, just by way of conrecovered to enable him to draw a trigger." Lo

expectations, and we were compelled, for the time clusion, allow me to point out a most serious mistake

renzo would do well, however, to be on his guard.

to abandon our design. We have succeeded, to war in orthography your last week's Kaleidoscope exposed; DOUBLE GAME OF CHESS.–At the request of a cor

own satisfaction and that of our friends, in applying

the lithographic process to circular letters, prices cum verbum sapienti, you know : twice, with unpardon respondent, we have inserted an article under this

rent, and a variety of similar publications, of which able pertinacity, you spelt the word potsheen “po

head from the Bath Chronicle. Its perusal may in

a few hundred are usually as many as are required,

terest our chess readers, some of whom may probably theen," thereby utterly confounding all attempts to as.

but we have not yet sufficient experience in this per

be able to furnish us with further information on the certain the etymology of that much disputed noun.

art, to avail ourselves of it as an occasional appendent

subject. The impression on our own minds is, that to the Kaleidoscope, as an adequate substitute for in Father Murphy, who is a professed disciple of Priscian, the alleged invention does not possess the claim to

ordinary process of engraving. 'Of this, however, ti and a warm admirer of that learned scholiast Lind

novelty which Mr. Wilkinson supposes : the Chinese,

do not despair ; and it is our inclination, and will be

and, if we recollect, some of the Europeans also, ley Murray, was actually so much shocked at what he

our interest, to leave nothing untried to accomplish have their double games ; but whether that of Mr.

desirable an object. A correspondent, in whose es termed your “ Kakological barbarism," that it required W. differs from them so essentially as to merit the

quiry this explanation originated, we trust, will be all the conjunct eloquence of the family party to ap

character of an invention or even an improvement,

fully satisfied with this statement of facts. pease his indignation; and, even 1, though no ways

we have, at present, no means of ascertaining.

A Saxon has not been forgotten. disposed to quarrel with you, yet, I assure you, Sir, if We thank Cornelius for the loan of the book referred the offence be repeated, I shall consider it as an affront to in his letter, and crave another week to compare it | We shall institute a search for the object of R. P.' to the dignity of the nation ; and, as such, sbal as

with the compositions of the party against whom the quiry.

charge of such bare-faced plagiarism is preferred. saredly take notice of it. I assure you, Mr. Editor, I

: The piece called “ The Brothers' Steps," shall be *

The niers.no

When our correspondent sends for his book, we request bave sent many a man to beaven for a smaller offence. he will do so by note, in the same writing as the for

delayed long. le was only last year, during a small sojournment in

mer; we will then take the opportunity of returning the lines entitled - The Ringlet" are interesting Glasgow, I had the pleasure of demolishing the sinis.

him another copy of the Kaleidoscope, in lieu of that

shall have a place in the next Kaleidoscope.

with which he has favoured us. ter optic of Donald M'Allister, the Editor of the

NAUTICUS LEODIENSIS, whose “ Pleasure “ Evening," for an invidious comparison, between In. The few spare leaves from the Edinburgh Magazine

Voyage to India" appeared in a late Kalisman

contain some articles which are very suitable to the nisbowen and Farintosh ; in which, with national par.

must not conclude that we have overlooked the car

Kaleidoscope. The MS. we should rather decline. ttality, he allotted the palm

pieces, with which we were favoured at the to the latter, thereby

time, particularly the lines “ Al Amicos ;" * TW The article suggested by A MANCHESTER READER, striving to counteract what Peter* the Great, Sir Da

although excellent in its way, is inadmissible, from

Pleasures and the Pains of the Hookah." niel Donelly, and other illustrious characters, have,

its political as well as its theological cast. We beg | PUNNING.–The whimsical specimen from Stil, before, by their example, incontestibly proved : how leave to refer our correspondent to the prospectus, pub commended some time since by a correspondent, ever, as I bave a sneaking regard for you, and am not

lished in the first number of the old series of the Ka

probably appear in our next. entirely forgetful of the attic nights we enjoyed to

leidoscope ; and to observe, at the same time, that it

is our fixed determination to adhere most scrupu. gether in Liverpool, I shall pocket the affront, for lously to the pledges we there gave the public. Printed, published, and sold by E. SMITH and CA once; and hope that all due reparation will be made

54, Lord-street, Liverpool for your offence. And now, Mr. Editor, with every

ORTHOGRAPHICAL INNOVATIONS.--The letter of G. Sold also by John Bywater and Co. Pool-lane; Me

M. on this subject, alluded to in our last, was prepa Evans, Chegwin and Hall, Castle-street; Mr. The good wish for your happiness, believe me,

ring for insertion, when we detected so many inaceu Smith, Paradise-street; Mr. Warbrick, Pube Your friend,

racies in the composition, that we were obliged to Library, Lime-street: Mr. Willan, Bold-street: DERMOTOʻGOSTER. displace it for the present. Having put it into the G. P. Day, Newsman, Dale-street; and Mr. Joan

hands of a friend, he has addressed a note to the Smith, St. James's-road, for ready morer P.S.-I am happy to inform you that my fingers are

Kaleidoscope, by the way of reply, and in justification | AGENTS FOR MANCHESTER.- Miss Richard. fäst bastening to a state of convalescence; and Doctor of the mode of spelling against which G. M. protests. | Market.street; Mr. Sowler, St. Ann's Squaro; put

Next week we shall give both documents, to enable Mr. Fletcher, Market-place.
our readers to decide between the parties.

London, Sherwood and Co. Warrington, Mr. Hartiet * Peter used to call whiskey “ Irish wine :" that accomplished

Dublin, J. K. Johnston & Co. Preston, Mr Whittle, Barbarian imported and drank large quantities of it; chiefy, If A YOUNG BACHELOR, who has addressed some Stockport, Mr. Dawson.

Stoke, Mr. Tonkinson they say, to give him nerve to sustain the long curtain lectures amatory lines to M. W., will allow us to call them Leeds, Mr Dewhirst.

Hanley, Mr. Allbut. of that notable virago his wife. Sir Daniel, aner having swal verses from A Husband to his Wife, we shall not feel Bolton, Mr. Kell.

Wigan, Messrs. Lyon. lowed thirty-six tumblers, fell a sacrifice (like Hanoibal and the the objection to their insertion which candour obliges Bury, Mr. Kay.

Ormakirk, Mr. Garside ring) to a glass of cold water he had taken immediately after. I us to urge against them, under their present dedica- | Hull, Mr. Perkins.

Blackburn, Mr. Rogent The clalegical plain of Donnybrook received his remains.-D.O'G,l tion.

| Lancaster Mr. Bentham. Northwich, Mr. Keal,

OR,
Literary and Scientific Mirror.

UTILE DULCI."

No. 38.-New Series.

TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 1821.

Price 30.

The Gleaner.

performed. The first time I was up, ap- just above the source of the stream

pearances not being very menacing, we ven. there were huge swellings in the mounI own but a gatherer and disposer of other men's

tured to approach the craters. We found tain, which one could see through the Wotton. three of them, and all at work. One ex- crevices, were full of burning matter, ready

hibited nothing but an immense gulph of to burst through the feeble incrustation THE TRAVELLER.

smoke, whirled round in vast volumes, by that held it together, I mounted the fiery

a wind that came from below. Another, stream and was carried down by it a consiITALY.

at some distance, drove into the air frequent derable distance !! Here I am sure you

showers of red-hot stones and cinders. will think that I am making use of a traveler's AGUKAL LETTER ADDRESSED TO A ORN- I From the third, issued by fits, a fearful privilege; it is nevertheless a fact : but you TLEMAN IN LIVERPOOL, BY HIS FRIEND ABROAD.

noise, that made one start, involuntarily, must know, that these streams of lava collect in their

from the brink; and, at intervals, when the course a coating of large cinders, so that at some distance :-* As a place of residence, I cannot say smoke cleared away a little, we could see

from the head, a person without much risk may get

upon them, although the mass underneath is an hot a like Naples better than Genoa, which, of the forked extremities of flames that ap

supe ever. I did it out of mere bravado, in order to say that 3 all the towns I ever saw, is the one that peared to be struggling for vent, together had navigatod a river of fire! However, my vanity Pleases me the most ; and if the inhabitants with rocks of sulphur, which presented the cost me a good singeing, and the strong fumes of sulphur trere only a little more sociable with stran- brightest hues imaginable. All around us brought on a violent vomiting. A few days back, I

went up and had the pleasure to witness the formation Egers, it would perhaps be the place of all hot streams issued from the ground, which,

of streams issued Trom the ground, Which, of a new crater. It vomited forth vast quantities of black athers where I should like most to pass my in many places, had the appearance of hav. smoke and lava, which seemed immediately to spread days. Indeed, as it is, I always think of it ing been rent asunder by the convulsions out into the air like an immense sheet, and then was

mountain and little hela rent asunder with a tremendous crash, into a thousand with the same sort of regret that a schoolboy of the mountain. And a little below, a rent as

I pieces. An old crater, that towered above it, was so does of his bome, the first time he quits stream of lava, bursting from a chasm of boisterous as to forbid all approach. It launched out, -il. Naples, on the contrary, is a very its own making, swept along the side of the in quick succession, immense masses of red-hot rock,

Ugly town, and for noise, bustle, and con- mountain, like a river. This was a most which few to a vast height into the air. The descent usion, certainly beats all others. How-wonderful object; and, being favoured by of hente all others Home wonderful obiect. and being fovoured by of these, as you may suppose, was a matter of no sma!

| anxiety to myself and companion, who were sitting ther, there is a rich compensation for all this the wind, we were enabled, notwithstand- I down in fun view of it. refreshing ourselves with a - is the surrounding country, which is full ing the heat, to approach so near to it as bunch of grapes, a crust of bread, and a bottle of of beauty and wonders of all sorts. Mount to get on our sticks some of the burning cellent wine, which is called here, the “ Tears of Christ's

| But after all, perhaps nothing has made a greater inte - Vesuvias alone is sufficient to repay amply matter, on which we made several impres.

pression on me than the general aspect of the mountain, the curiosity of any traveler, however far sions with coins. y traveler, however tar sions with coms.

The lava (which was per

Ine lava WAICH was pero every yard of which exhibits frightful traces of fire and he may have come to see it. It is one of fectly red hot) fell perpendicularly from a convulsion. It seems a spot singled out for the venthose very few objects which surpass the height of several feet, presenting a com- geance of Heaven, and one could imagine the horrid

steeps on the back part of it, and the black valleys picture the imagination had previously plete cascade of fire. It then entered, for

V | formed by rocks rent asunder, to be the haunt of dehave gone up it several a short distance, & subterraneous passage, mons; and the gaiety of the surrounding plains and - times : but always with fresh delight and and we could see it through the clefts above, mountains displaying perhaps the finest scenery in the astonishment: one never sees it twice the winding along its fearful course under world, only gives additional force to these ideas. I

never returned from visiting this strange mountain same. The base of it is very extensive, and ground. But, on another occasion, I saw

without feeling a singular oppression of mind. It has the ascent gentle, until you get to what is all this to more advantage by night, when at diffe

this to more advantage by night, when at different times (as you may perhaps have ready done called the cone, which takes one from forty the discharge of lava was much greater. I great damage to the surrounding country. Some twenty to fifty minutes to mount, although four or But the awfulness of the scene is not to be or thirty years ago, a stream of fire issued from it about

500 yards wide, overran a small town in its course, and five minutes are sufficient to descend it. described. As the lava issued in too great

sued in to great advanced some distance into the sea. The town, howThis will give you some idea of its steep- an abundance for the size of the vent, ever, is still inhabited, and the old houses remain yet, ness. The top of this cone is an extensive, it occasionally discharged with great vio. with the top story only peeping above ground, the lower but very uneven and broken plain, on which lence, sending fiery fakes of matter through ones being filled up with the flood of Lava. The fate of

ancient Herculaneum was much worse. This was a i the chief operations of the mountain are the air, to our no small terror; and large and populous town, which stood on the red coast,

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