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We have great satisfaction in laying the following

letter before our readers :

And her's was not that burst of woe
Whose note no softening tone can know:
It was a sprightly music, mingling

With melting softness, into sorrow blended :
It was a day of Fancy's bright'ning,

The shadows lengthening as the sun descended. And oft the tuneful Nine would shed Their influence o'er my infant head ;, And it was sweet, though rude the strain, In measured numbers to complain ; And it was sweet, though riper years

Might disavow the bold essay,
To give to infant hopes and fears

Somewhat of immortality.
And there was one who conn'd with me
The page of early poesy ;
'Twas hers alone to hear and praise
The efforts of my early days :
Mary, to thee, and thee alone,
This secret of my harp was known;
Thou who repaid its harmony
With thine own strains more worthy thee.

Staffordshire Potteries, 3d mo. 22d, 1821. WORTHY EDITOR, I see, with particular pleasure, the increasing circulation which the Kaleidoscope is acqairing, and should be much pleased if I could forward to it any manuscripts of my friends which might be worthy insertion, and thereby tend to give it a stronger interest amongst them. I have subjoined a copy of verses, put into my hands by the young woman to whom they were addressed, to which perhaps thou wilt give sojne attention,

I had the pleasure, last summer, of becoming acquainted with a youth, a member of our society, who has lived, for the greater portion of his time, in a retired part of Derbyshire; and yet has acquired a knowledge of languages and of the belles lettres, which would have done him honour in a far more advantageous situation. He had just returned from a ramble, on foot, through some parts of the Peak, and showed me in his commonplace book a description of his route. As the romantic beauties of Derbyshire, particularly Dovedale, are becoming every year more and deservedly celebrated, and are visited by strangers from all parts of the kingdom, I cannot helpthinking that the description of such scenes, and the feelings they give rise to, would be recognised with peculiar pleasure by many readers of the Kalci. doscope ; and certainly my village friend has touched, with a graphic truth and poetic feeling, some draughts which must please every lover of nature, and awaken no small portion of curiosity. As I have procured a copy with permission to use it as I please, only sub. stituting the fictitious name of WILFRID WENDER, if thou wouldst like to examine it, I will forward it the first opportunity, when all or any part will be at thy service.

W. H.

From ruby lips, far sweeter than the rose,

Oh! who can paint the soft, luxurious bliss, Which through the veins in circling eddies for

From their delights to steal the luscious kiss. O joy supreme! whose trembling sweets so pure,

E'en Virtue's awful form need not deny; Whose charms to love's entangling sweets allure,

On whose soft crimson love delights to sigh. Not richer sweets the juicy vines diffuse ;

Not lovelier red the blooming roses blow, Than those sweet lips the love-enamoured mene

Now vainly tries, with mimic art, to shov. What sweet emotions, when encircling arms

Around the blushing maid are trembling prest; How sweet to gaze upon her varied chares,

And mark the heavings of her gentle bercast. But sweeter far, the effusive feelings swell,

When sportive love imprints th' impassioned kis, On balmy lips, where smiling pleasures dwell;

My Emma's lips-th'abode of love and bliss E'en yet remembrance paints their blushing darsi,

When last I pressed their sweet ambrosial estih (When folded in her love-encircling arms) And traced the beauties of their crimson'd dyes. But faint the vivid trace, the scarlet glow

Of pencil'd art, to tell each thrilling bliss : The soul their varied charms can only know In my lov'd Emma's joy-imparting kiss!


Thou knowst the lay that pleased us best,

The chord whose tone was loved the dearest,
Was that whose melody exprest

The deepest woe, and touched the nearest.
And now, though childhood's days are o'er,
And infant joys are joys no more ;
And, as the clouds of early day
Recede before the golden ray,
Their skirts, with roseate lustre decked,
Are infant griefs in retrospect;
Yet still, thou knowst, I love the tone
That strikes not on the ear alone,
But wakes the heart with that deep strain
Till every chord responds again!


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Whene'er, in childhood's hour, I thought

Upon my future destiny ;
Whene'er my infant fancy brought

The shade of what that life might be:
A sadly-pleasing form was there,
Whose eye was deep, but sweetly fair :
Her name was Pensiveness ; and she
Still smiles upon my destiny.
Whene'er I dream'd a bright day-dream,

"Twas she who sang my lullaby ; And though that song like woe did seem,

I loved its pensive harmony. Whene'er through fancied scenes I strayed,

Her form was there to soothe and bless ; And, though she deepened every shade,

I did not love the scene the less : For her's was not that night of grief, A deepened shade without relief;

When deep afflictions press me sore,
'Tis then that I would silent rove,
And tell my rising griefs and woes
To the light murmurs of the grove.
'Tis then that I would willingly
Retire from haunts of busy men,
And leave the world's alluring scenes,
Nor ever visit them again.
And I would listen to the dove,
And mix my anguish with its moan;
Returning each its mournful note,
With a deep-heaved, and heavy groan.
And in religion's path I'd tread,
And own the God who gave me life;
And meditate on all his works,
Free from the paths of endless strife.
Thus would I in retirement live,
Till this dull life had flown away;
And when 'twas pass'd, as quietly

Beneath the cold green sod I'd lie:
With scarce a sigh or sob heav'd o'er my bier,
My death would then call forth no pitying tear.

With what delight mid yonder shades setene,

I hear the thrilling minstrelsy of heaven! To me, how soothing is yon kindred scene!

To me, how balmy this cool breath of even! !n former years, 'mid these same shades remet,

At the same hour, and self-same season swetry Oft have I thus the peaceful woodlands sougts

To muse, sequestered, in the calın retreat. Their boundless charms, bright as the youthful fear,

In swift succession ever varying rose; While Hope's enchanting form was ever near,

To soothe my light and transitory woes. 0! youthful joys, how swiftly do ye pass!

And, like the morning cloud, ye fade away; Or, like the dew drops trembling on the grass,

That fly the glances of advancing day! I seek not now yon kindred shades serene,

To meet those pleasures that illum'd the past ; Hid is the pleasing, gay, delusive scene ;

Those dreams, alas! were too too sweet to 1254 I wander mournful, thro' the well-known shade;

The weak line drops untinish'd from my tongue; But still I love the splendours here displayed,

And yet enjoy the woodlark's evening song. Perchance, when at the high behest of heaven,

My soul is called to unknown realms afar, Death may draw near, like the deep shades of even

And meet me thus beneath her dewy star. Then be it mine, to seek unseen, alone,

Without one friend to heave the pitying sigo: In some dark grove, deserted and unknown,

While the loud woodlark sings a requiem niga


Liverpool, Sept. 1820.

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Sketch of Italy.

[Accurately reduced from the large Map of Chaucard. Longitude reckoned from Paris.)

At the suggestion of several readers of the Kaleidoscope we have inserted the annexed Sketch, which was My cheek was pale with love; my eye was wet,

engraved for the Mercury. It may be useful to those who trace the progress of hostile armies, and interesting 5. When in that moment which beheld us part, in illustration of any extracts from travels in that delightful country, which may be given under the depart- I asked of thee a single lock of jet,

ment of “The Traveler.” A few names have been added since the map appeared in the Mercury, and the degrees As though that lock could bind my breaking heart.

of longitude and latitude have been subdivided into 12 parts. As it was impracticable to engrave the names of

many places in so small a sketch, we have subjoined a copious list of the names of cities and towns,some of which And thou didst gather from that breast of snow

are indicated on our map, and the position of others may be readily found by reference to the latitude and Tro Ringlets that had slept unbidden there, longitude, which are also given from the most approved gazetteers; so that any person, may assign such town its And one was fated, since it trespassed so,

exact place, and introduce the name with a pen and ink. As the longitude in this sketch is calculated for the meWith me Love's lonely banishment to share.

ridian of Paris, 2 deg. 25 min. must be subtracted from the longitude given in the English gazetteers, by any

person, who, upon consulting such gazetteers, finds the name of any place not comprised in our list; which, if it Perhaps I ne'er may see thee more, sweet maid !

contain any errors, are to be ascribed to Brooks' Gazetteer, which has been faithfully copied. The towns to whieh Yet, though I live to weep and love in vain,

or figures are affixed are those, the names and positions of which are to be found in the annexed map.
That Ringlet oft beneath my pillow laid
Shall link in dreams our severed hearts again.

E. Long N. Lat.
Albano .....10 25–41 43

Anagni ...11 0–41 56
Natural History.
Avellino St.12 35–40 50

Aversa .....11 55–40 59

Amalfi......12. 20–40 35

Acerenza...13 40–40 45

Modena ... SIR,-You will not, I am sure, to oblige a lady

Acqua ...... 9 45—43 45 Kod a coastant reader, have any objection to insert,

Ancona( 1 j11 10443 38 in your next number of the Kaleidoscope, thc follow-120

Arezzo .... 9. 35–43 27
Ascoli ......11 4442 44


jag beautiful description of the LARK, soaring on the Atri u 23_42. 35
Fiog, extracted from "Goldsmith' Natural History." | Aquila 11
He is, indeed, a most charming writer, and was the Aquino ....11 25-41 36

first author I ever read, who drew my youthful Alexandria 6 18—44 55
attention from the tiresome, sickening pleasures of Acerno ....12 41–40 45
the world, tu the more delightful occupation of con. Bologna.... 9 0444 30
templating uature and studying her works, In the Bajano ...12 15-41 30

Vitetbo R ietid Tremiti Is

Benevente 12 32-41 6 language of St Pierre, “ We most of us look upon

Bari (7) 14 40–41 26 nature with indifference; we are in the midst of her

Brindisi ...15 50—40 45 Works, and admire ouly human grandeur.” But, 1 Bisignano 13 55—39 38 tbauk iny stars! I do not belong to that senseless Carpi ....... 8 49—44 41 race of mortals, who, immersed in the pleasures and Comachia .. 9 45—44 45 basiness of tbe world, look upon nature with indif. Cortona ... 9 27–43 20 feregee. I do not envy the feelings of those who Chiusi ...... 9 0-43 0

il look oa the lofty mountain, or hear the wild | Castro ...... 929—42 23

Otrante *proar of the falling cataract, or walk the flowery Camerino ..11 10—43 15 mead, without emotion. I am such a lover of the Vecchia s 9

| Wordervus works of creation, that my mind examines

Gulf of

Cassano ...13 55—39 55
her moutest objects with the curious eye of the
Capua (6)1 54-417

Taranto eagle seeking his prey.

Conza ......13 10—40 50 “The Lark, whether the sky-lark, the wood-lark, Chicti (3) 11 57-42 24 Betbe lit-lark, being all distinguishable from other I Cosenza12 13 55—39 20 little birds by the length of their heel, are louder in Catanzaro 14 23—390 their song than either of the former, but not so Ferrara 9 49—44 36

Lipasi Isles pleasing. Indeed, the music of every bird in cap

Forli........ 9 19—44 16 t.vity produces nu very pleasing sensations ; it is

Florence " 8 50—43 46 but ihe mirth of a little animal, insensible of its up

Foligni ... 9 59—42 48

Fermo......11 25—43 7 fortunate situation; it is the landscape, tbe grove,

Frescatc ... 9 17–41 48


138) the golden break of day, the contest upon the haw.

Genoa....... 6. 16-44 thora, the fluttering from branch to branch, the Gaieta ......11 22—41 30 soaring io the air, and the answeriug of its young, Gu lipoli ...15 40—40 20

SICILY that gives the bird's song its true relish; these, Ischia* ....11 37-40 41 Buited, improve each other, and raise the mind to a Isernia ...11 59—41 36 state of the highest, yet most harmless, exultation. Imola ... 9.20-44 28

10 Nothing can, in this situation of mind, be more

Lucca ... 8 10_43 50

| L'Aquila...11 14–42 20 pleasing than to see the lark warbling upon the

Lecce ...... 15 55–40 36 wing, raising its notes as it soars, until it seems lost

E. Long. N. Lat.
E. Long. N. Lat.
E. Long. N. Lat.

E. Long. N. Lat. is the iminense heights above as; the note conti-Lucera (5)....139–41 28 Matera (8)...14 9—40 50 Palestrina ...10 40–41 52 Termoli ......12 55-41 59 Duing, the bird itself unseen, to see it then descend | Lanceano......12 25–42 18 Magliano ....10 10—42 25 Piombino...... 7 58–42 57 Terracina ....10 50–41 24 ing with a swell, as it comes from the clouds, yet | Leghorn ... 7.52-43 34 Novi .......... 6 4444 45 Policastro(11)13 15–40 15 Troja .........12 5041 21 siaking by degrees as it approaches its nest; the Loretto.........11 13—43 27 Norcia.........10 39—42 36 Reggio......... 8 40—44 43 Tiano .........11 43-41 14, spot where all its affections are centered; the spot Massa ......... 7 35–44 0 Naples* ......11 55-40 55 Rossano ......14 13–39 48 Trani .........14 11–41 18 that has prompted all this joy.

Massa .........11 53—40 31 Noli............ 6 16—44 18 Reggio.........13 35—38 4 Taranto (9) 15 4–40 35 “The lark builds its best upon the ground, be Massa ......... 9 25-45 20 Nola ............12 3—40 56 Ravenna ...... 9 40-44 25 Tursi .........14 25-40 36 neath soine turf that serves to bide and shelter it.

Massa ......... 8 23-42 40 Nicotera ......14 5-38 34 Rimini* ......10 14—44 4 Tricarico......13 49–40 12

Mazzi ......... 9 25-45 20 Oria ............15 13—40 39 Reging.........13 56—39 34 Tropca .........13 59—38 42 The female lays four or five eggs, of a dusky hue in

Molise .........12 18-41 36 Otranto".......16 10—40 20 Rome ..........10 10-41 54 Turin ...

..... 5 20–45 5 colour, somewhat like thyse of a plover. It is while Manfredonia

Oppido.........13 56_40 30 Rieti .........10 40—42 23 Urbino 10 31–43 46 sie is sitting that the male usually entertains her with (4) ...... 13 47–41 35 Ostia............ 959–41 44 Spoletto ....... 10 41–42 45 Valenza 6 31–44 58 Dis singing; and while he is rising to an impercep. Motolo .........14 49-40 46 Orta ............10 12–42 22 Sutri ...........10.0-42 10 Volterra...... 8 1743 26 table beight, he bas still bis beloved partner in his Mirandola ... 8 5444 52 Orvieto (2)... 9 55—42 42 Sora ............11 39—41 54 Viterbo .....10.0-42 25 eye, oor once luses sight of the nest, either while he Modena"...... 8 35–44 34 Orbitello ....... 8 45–48 18 Sezza ..........11 20—41 19 Veletri.... 10 31–41. 46 Bscends or is descending. This barmony continues Marino, St....10 8-43 54 Placentia ...... 7 13–45 5 Salerno (10) 12 28–40 35 Venafro ......11 54–43 32 several months, beginning early in the spring, on

Marano.........10 40–45 52 Parma* ...... 8 5-44 50 Sorrento ......11 59–40 36 Viesti .... ....14 15–41 51

Marco St......13 55—39 41 Pisą ............. 7 51-43 43 Severino St....14 49—39 15 Venosa.... pairing. In winter, they assemble in flocks, when

...... 13 27–40 54 Martorano....13 55-39 6 Pescarra ......12 37–42 27 Sulmona ......12 30—42 O Venice....... 9.4545 26 their song forsakes them, and the bird catchers de

28 Pesaro .........10 37-4 Sienna ....... 8 46-43 24 Vesuvius, Mount, six miles stroy them in great numbers for the tables of the Monterosi, 20 miles north Peschiera...... 8 39–45 26 Squillace( 13 ) 14 15-39 3 cast of Naples. luxurious."-Goldsmith.

Perugia ...... 9 45-43 6. Todi ............10 7-42 44

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Scientific Records.

.......... 37.9

Difference of


NATURAL HISTORY, Observatory. Gosport, March 17.-The Comet came Some of the animalcules which are found in the

to its perihelium to day, namely, within fourteen degrees Greenland sea, move at the rate of 1-180ch of a (Corriprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve of the sun. It has only lessened its right ascension half in a second, others at the rate of an inch in three mi ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin- a degree, and its north declination four-fifths of a degree nutes. The Anierican bird, the Condor, could gular Medical Cases: Astronomical. Mechanical. I since the evening of the 24th of February, when it was round the globe, at the equator, a favo

first seen here; but by the annual motion of the earth vailing, in about a week. The Greenland animales Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mine- lits distance from the sun is decreased about 160. Now would require8 935 years to pert

Perform the same distant, ralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural it is advanced too far in the solar rays to allow us to The diameter of the largest of them is only the lemn History; Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.; to be make correct observations on its position.

of an inch, and many only the l-4000tb. A whale te

At the close of this month it will begin to set after the quires a sea to sport in, wbile 15,000,000 of base continued in a series through the Volume.]

sun; and with a clear horizon an hour before sunrise, animalcule s would have abundant room in a lumbleed

there will be a chance of seeing it rise about E. N. E. water !- Edid. Phil. Jour. METEOROLOGICAL REPORT

during the ensuing month. The weather has lately been

unfavourable for seeing the comet so near the western of the Atmospherical Pressure and Temperature, Rain, horizon in the evenings; as from its very slow geocentric Wind, &c. deduced from diurnal Observations, made motie motion, it will not afford a sufficient space to attempt to

Correspondence. at Manchester, in the month of February, 1821, by

deduce the form of its orbit, which is the chief object to

science. TAOS. HANSON, Surgeon. It is hoped that correct observations on the frequent |

TO THE EDITOR appearances of these celestial visitors, will, in the course

of time, throw new light on the theory of comets, and BAROMETRICAL PRESSURE. Inches. divest it of much of the uncertainty that seems to exist, | SIR,Give me leave, through the medium of meer The monthly mean..........

in regard to the form of their eccentric orbits and their widely-circulated work to point out a species of tried. .............. 30.11

which hitherto has, I believe, escaped public observa. Highest, which took place on the 23d

periodic returns. 30.52

rion. Lowest, which took place on the 9th ................

That there are several persons in and about this THE NEW COMET. 29-20

| towo who are in tbe babit of stealing dogs, is a well Difference of the extremes .........

That beautiful and wonderful phenomenon of the

e known fact; but from some unknown circumstances, Greatest variation in twenty-four hours, which heavens, the comet, which, of late years, has often

I probably for want of better buyers, it would appa: was on the 27th ......................

visited us, and was lately noticed in the papers, as ob-

dogs are now generally sold to their late owners." Spaces, taken from the daily means.................. 2.15 served by that indefatigable astronomer W. Olbers, is

Some of these persons now make a constant practice now very visible to the naked eye, in the west, till eight | Number of changes............ 7

Sadof catching those dogs that have collars was the o'clock in the evening. It is a little to the westward of

owner's nan:e and residence on; detain them for a de TEMPERATURE. Degrees. Algenib, and nearly the height of Saturn, at a distance,

or two, and then take them Monthly mean............... to the right of him.

to the residence that is

pears or the collar, accompanied by a long stateme Mean of the fifth week, commencing 29th Jan. 45-6


of how and where fonod, & which will gecer by sixth week..... ......... 37.1

draw a douceur from the pocket of the creduka seventh week.................

" Japara, 27th Jan. 1820.-During the late stormy ............ 37.2

owner, who is deligbted to find his favourite pagesa eighth week, ending on the 25th... 86.8 weather, since the 3d instant, an island, which we find

niore restored to him. I am led to notice thastron Highest, which took place on the 18th..

by the map of Java is called Fisherman's Island, has

my having just had a spaniel dog (which, till be bado Lowest, which took place on the 4th......

been rent asunder. It is known to the natives under

cullar on, never lost bis way home, tbeugh he bas dinde he extreme......

the name of Pulo Pentangan. As soon as the weather

that done so, say the finders, four times) brought io di Greatest variation in twenty-four hours, which will permit, a further investigation will be held re

house by a man who found him “ running otg the occurred on the 30th ............

specting this extraordinary event."--Bat. Courant, I

way by Wavertree !". with other plausible stories; and
Feb. 1.-Phil. Mag. 56, p. 396.
RAIN, &c.

Though they might be all true, I must confess I doubtedly

in part, when I saw him join two o:her men, wbot .535 of an Inch.

Nere Volcano.We hear from Portugal, that a new six dogs with them, tied up just in the same manera Number of wet days ...........

volcano has burst out in the highest summit of a ridge mine had been, and which, possibly, might bare bed - foggy days ..............14

of mountains near Leira. This extraordinary pheno " by Wavertree" too,

menon occurred at the period of the high rise of the Whilst on this subject, allow me to remark on the haily Douro, mentioned in most of the journals. The vol. very un

very great negligerce attendant on the collection of it cano was in full action when the latest accounts came dug'lar. Iam confident some hundreds of pounds per WIND. away, but had happily taken a direction which threat

annum more might be raised by it, were the assesses! North .............. .. 0 | West ........ ened to do little damage. The country is sterile, and

to do their duty; unless, indeed, by it, the quality a Xorth-east .............. 9 | North-west ..................11 | it may be recollected as that through which Wellington | dogs in the town should be much reduced and we Last ........................ 2 Variable ..... 2 passed in pursuit of Massena.

we behoid che great numbers kept by the poorer Expo South-east............... 0 Calm

ses, even to parish paupers, residents in cellars, de South............. .. O

On the use of Coal Tar. This article has become so
Brisk ......

this perhaps would be desirable, without taking ** South-west ............... 4 | Boisterous ...............

plentiful since the general introduction of Gas works,
that it is now extensively used for a variety of purposes.

calculation the consequent decrease of the hard Coal Tar, being a resinous substance, and not acted

disease, hpdrophobia, which in the last year made xa REXARXS.Character of the month, dry and foggy. upon by water or air, is peculiarly advantageous as a

awful ravages among our fellow-countrymes, and

neither the peer nor tbe peasant, the noble Desk 1 The barometer has been particularly high, and attended substitute for paint in all out-door wood work. It is

the humble shepherd. Excuse these hasty remarkt with very few changes. On the 4th, the temperature of

well known, that wood exposed to the external atmopump water, five yards under ground, was 44°; on the

| sphere soon acquires a vegetable covering of the wood acceptable, you shall probably be furnisbed, at 20 tarp moss or lichen, which rapidly hastens its decay. Coal

period, with hints for the remedy.--Yours, &.rs Ilth, 45°5; on the 18th, 44°; on the 25th, 43o. Tar, when properly applied, penetrates its surface, pre

Liverpool, 12th February, 1821.
Bridge-street, March 13, 1821.

vents vegetation, and renders it completely impervious
to air, moisture, insects, &c. It is found to possess

much greater durability than the best oil paint, and is YOR THE DESTRUCTION OP INSECTS. therefore particularly adapted for the preservation of railing, gates, posts, hedge-stakes, beams, spars, joists,

WEASELS EAT FROGS. Put into a sugar hogshead a small barrel of tar, pour &c. or any kind of wood-work under ground, or in upon it a pail or two of boiling water, stir it, and then damp situations. It is used, in preference to every

70 THE EDITOR. All it up with cold ; with this, water the ground where other substance, for coating water wheels, sluices, pumps, the bushes stand, and it will destroy all worms, grubs, canal locks, bridges, &c. or wood-work of a similar and other larvæ, which are within a considerable dig. description. It has been of late almost exclusively used! Sir,-When walking in the vicinity of Great Chen tance of the surface of the soil. Should any escape, for cast and malleable iron-work of every kind; and, on Saturday last, a weasel leaped out of the dicta: 1 and make their appearance in the caterpillar state, im when properly applied, it gives it a durable, glossy black, tbe road side (containing a few inches of water) wide mediate recourse should be had to a strong infusion and will prevent iron from rusting more effectually than / large frog in its moutb. I viewed this novelty for alle of bruised elder tops or leaves, the moment the elder any other article. Coal Tar is also the cheapest and seconds with considerable surprize, as it stood be

most effective article that has yet been discovered for daunted at the root of the hedge. I made a breaks of these and all other sorts of insects upon the bushes. rendering stone and brick cisterns, reservoirs, and wheel it, in the hope that it would leave its prey, This is the proper month for watering the ground with cases, water-tight; for which purpose it is used mixed might have ascertained wherber or not it had tar-water.

with a due proportion of quick lime, which gives it hard nearly destroyed; but it soon found itself secure, ** April is the time to wet the branches frequently with ness, and renders it completely impenetrable to all cold its booty, in a plot of wbins. the elder liquor ; for, during March, the larve remain fluids. It is very extensively employed in ship-building, If you deein the above interesting to na in the ground, and in April and May they change into greatly lessening the consumption of foreign tar, to who are ever anxious to ascertain the manners the caterpillar state, when they may be seen ascending which it is found to be very superior for many purposes; bits of animals, you will insert it in your in small groups the stems of the bushes, spreading it is also convertible into pitch by the same process as paper. themselves afterwards gradually over the whole tree. common tar.

Liverpool, 21st March, 1821.

- snowy ...........******.. o





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ORTHOGRAPHICAL INNOVATIONS. compositor, but a new, corrected mode adopted by and best adapted for pronunciation, the only object of

the Editor, who she must allow was likely to know letters. Some persons object to the omission of a letter that The following letter, as will be perceived by the better than we did, especially since she herself had has no sound (or no influence on the sound of other letters never failed to enlarge io praise of the work, and to

in the same word) on the score that the word, without it, date, was received upwards of a month ago, and reesteem the Editor as a inan of the finest talents,

looks monstrous and defective; just as if our typogra. peatedly postponed, for reasons assigned in our notices abounding with good humour, guod feeling, and

phical characters were so beautiful in themselves, that to correspondents. We now give it, verbatim, together

100g wild good numour, good reeling, and we might introduce them as we would ladies into a ball

ready wit. This being my first bold attempt at room, "the more the merrier,” The most whimsical obwith the critique of a correspondent, to whom we read

contradicting my old auut, I thought I had gained jection to the omission of an l in the word traveling, is, eter Mr. Meanwell's letter, and who offered to relieve a complete victory; that she would bow to my de. that it thereby may be sounded as if spelled trave-ling; us trom the task of replying : this he may have accom cision, and commend my superior judgment: but on the same ground, travel would sound trave-l; and plished abiy; but certainly not quite so delicately as we alas! for us, her pride was moi tihed; she feared the reveling would sound reve-ling. I would ask such per.

sons what are the uses and purposes of letters. Are they should ourselves have done:

coosequences of such an inroad upou her authority, |
and endeavoured to bruwbeat and silence me by

characters having sounds, which, combined, give us stating, in a very peremptory tone, it was only an

what we term language? Or, are they characters * TO THE EDITOR,

beautifully formed, that, in addition to this real use, error of the compositor ; which so provoked me, I SIB,-Yon will per baps deein it next to impossible bounced out of the room, slammed the door after can aid neither the sense nor the sound ?

we may introduce them to please the eye, where they : that so jateresting a little miscellany as your Ka

me, and have thus so gained her displeasure, that leidoscope should excite any disputes, or bickerings,

Your correspondent is not himself borne out in his she has been so cross ever since, that the house can spelling or grammar, either by fashion or authority. in any of the private or domestic circles where it

scarcely hold her; and I fear lest she will out only | We have alass! it tis so," for "alas! it is so;" tocirculales; yet alas! it is so: it is my paiuful duty

never look pleasant again, but should be called | gether with sundry other blunders. A good modern traturn you it has done so in our private circle,

| away from troubling this world any louger, that English Dictionary would have at once settled the point DI can scarcely call it domestic, since it consists of inyself and sister will gever obtain possessiou of ber

in dispute, between his maiden aunt, his sister, and him. ply myself and sister and oar uld maiden aunt, upon valuable property. To suclıcircumstances, believing

self, without his indulging in the furor scribendi, to the i sa, as two forloro orphans, we are left entirely you to be a kind-hearted man, I have made the

extent of a long letter of three pages and a half, closely pendant, I left school many months since, and

written, merely on your rejection of the superfluous! whole koown to you, hoping you will not hesitate to cylam rapidly advancing to the age of inaubvod,

letter L. For the edification of Mr. Meanwell, I beg currect une or my aunt Deborah; that if I am in i bave therefore of late felt myself to be of more

to address to him a motto which I have just manufaca error, I may atone for any presumption; but if my tured : portance, and assumed more assurance, tban my DE Deborah car at all brook with. Her name, aunt, that she may forgive my bolilnessand, in

Nil melius nisi novum. either case, her wrinkleri brows become once more ongh, by-the-bye, is not Deborah, bat we nickname

pore Know this, ye weak bigots in every station, smooth.

GEORGE MEANWELL 750, because my sister agd myself have long set Old Belle's House, Feb, 16, 1821.

There can be no improvement without innovation. it, ibat all old maiden aunts should be called

A. B. C. borabs, or Bridgets, or such like formal and disfreeable yames. My sister has just attained the te of ielve years, as lovely and good tempered a

TO THE EDITOR. Bainre as you shall often see; she is a girl of art

TO TAE EDITOR. minties, and quick discernment; and to her it de

" "Tis true, on words is still our whole debate; lives every week to read aloud your interesting

Disputes of Me or Te, or Autor At;

SIR, In your Kaleidoscope of this day, I notice, une ittle work as good as il arrives. The correctnes

To sound or sink, in cano, O or ,

der the head of “ Naturalists' Diary," a few sweet lines, I ber accent; the precision with which she marks

Or give wp Cicero to C or K."

addressed to the “ Morning Lark," which ought 10 upp panctuation, and the melodiousness of her

Pope's Dunciad.

call forth the attention of those who can admire the vet-toned voice never fail to delight me, and rivet

sweet melody of this poor little feathered lyric, to the attention ; but my pour aunt, as though it would Sir,

dreadful havock at present made aniong these poor

There is no prejudice more injurious to society birds. Indeed, I am a little surprised that you, who, sin to manifest that any thing pleased her, is than that against innovation; a prejudice which, dis- \ I have no doubt, sometimes visit the markets, never neually interrupting her, with needless remark couraging mechanical experiment, and cramping the bave taken any notice of the immense quantity of larks continual complaints of her own invention. arm of genius, arrests the "march of mind," and operates I laid out for sale. If some immediate stop be not put

late, poo

00Amelia (for that's my sister's as a barrier to the amelioration of mankind. Thus, to the cruel slaughter, by some powerful hand, such for has paused in the midst of some interesting whatever is new, is, with some, another term for what- asth

| as the game act, I fear this admired songster will soon tele, to tell us, “ Here's another of the words I ever is wrong. This prejudice has extended to the higher

cease to cheer the weary traveler on his way, ore we always seen spelt with two L's, spelt with only and the lower walks of literature. We are told that

soothe the labours of the husbandman. | Pope and Addison have passed like constellations : true; " My anot immediately knitting her brows,

I hope this notice will call down your animadverbut Byron, and Scott, and Campbell, have risen with a In on bes tortoiseshell spectacles, takes the Ku splendour equal to their predecessors.

sions on the murderers; and, if it should be the means

The very spelling of saving one life, in your first walk in the fields, you Loscope not very gracefully from Amelia's hands, I of the former (so powerful is prejudice) finds its advocates: I shall have the sincere thanks of a after carefully peeping out at each corner of her and your correspondent, GEORGE MEANWELL, falls

LAVORO Senes, aad ar last having the word pointed out to out with your adoption, in the Kaleidoscope, of the new

Of Lark-ball, near Hamilton, N. B.. i, sa rely remarks, “Oh! it's only an error of the mode of spelling several words, as sanctioned by the Liverpool. 1521

13th March

, 1821. moositur, my dear;" in which, too, I have gene Lexicographers of the day, and before spelled contrary to ly joined her. But this week, when my sister

the manne: in which they are pronounced ; particularly

those in which the double L is rejected. If it be allowed reading the notes to correspondents (for she is

to spell a word as it is pronounced, and not clog it with de to read every number all through) she had

ON DREAMS. unnecessary letters, causing a useless expenditure of it got the word illiberal out of ber lips, when she

time in writing or printing, and throwing out a snare e more made a sudden pause, to tell us the word

TO THE EDITOR. for false pronunciation, surely it is advisable to adopt it. ellous was spelt with only one L. I happened to

Following the usual sounds of the letters, we would, unvittio beside her ; and, being in large letters, it doubtedly, accent the word travelling, in the same man

SIR,- There are certain people who believe the ight my eye in a moment; but my aunt Deborah ner as the word excelling: but spell it travcling, sound somniferous invaginations of the night to be infalminded a sight of it, before I had an opportunity all the letters, and the pronunciation cannot be mistaken. Tible prognostics of future occurrences. The good remarking it as I wished, aod returned it with The rule laid down by modern grammarians, in spelling old lady with whom I reside, bappens to be ove usual reply, “it's another inistake of the com

the compounds of a verb or noun ending with L, is of this notable class; who, as well as being an

merely to maintain the pronunciation by the letters; adept in dreaming, is certainly more profound than sitor." B fore however Amelia proceeded, I beg.

thus, expel, capelling ; purvcl, marvclous, marveling :la i to look at it myself, and right glad to take up 1

velous, marveling; any of your learned philosophers jo explaining ibe

up revel, revelingi Scandal, in old writers, took scandalcndgels with iny aunt, I planuly told her it was loue: but the superfluous L has been one since repeated uature and extent of these illusive fantasies. Last

ne supernuous L has been long since rejected. I such thing I reminded her the notes to cor- Indeed objections to this improvement have no better |

week she dreamed that, as I was walking over a very pondents were written by the Editor himself, and foundation than those against any departure from the shallow gutter, in Pool-lane, I unfortuvately stumvas sure, from its being in such large characters, spelling of the ancients, who added an e to almost every bled, and fell sprawling into the water; ibat a very would not happen by accident, but by the Editor's noun, and k after a final c; as, publick, crowne, childe, kiud hearted gentleman came to my assistance. I desire; and looking back to some of the num. wcilde, &c. Theword expense is frequently spelled expence; and requested ine to extend to him, my“ fin,"

the former is certainly the proper mode, as the word is meaning my hand) for the purpose of extricating s immediately preceding, I found the double Lthe former is certainly the proper mode, 'as the word is Tim

derived from the Latin pendio pensi, &c. to weigh. It me from so awkward a situation; but that I like e almost always om tted where the word used

would be well if all editors would, in future, agree to hout the ed (you must excuse my writing scieu

to a confident jackanapies, asked him, whether he thought

spell words, now disputed, in one way, and thus fix a cally) eoded with only one L, such as marstandard of correct spelling. I would recommend the

I could not swim; bade bim miod his own business, toarel, cancel, &c. in opposition to such

| rejection of useless letters; and will, on some future and so fell to in good earnest to save mvself; but -da as call, toll, roll, &c.; then pointing them occasion, supply you with a list of words spelled vari.ihat after an ineffectual struggh with the stream to her, I maintained it was not a mistake of the ously, with the mode I conceive to be the most convenient, my strength became exhausted, and I was drowned.

lo consequence of this timely warning (which my


PANCY BALL. We have just received the note of Mu. grandmother pleases to term it) I shall have been con.

No Poet, enclosing some lines addressed to Miss fined to the house, two days and two nights succes.

, upon her appearing at the Ball in the costume sively, when it arrives ten o'clock this evening. She


of a bride of 1760. As they relate to a local and has strong appréhensions that the gutter alluded to,

recent event, we should have assigned them a place is nothing more or less than a figurative representa

Str, -Observing an essay in the Kaleidoscopre, on in this day's Kalcidoscope, had we received them

few hours earlier. The Kaleidoscope, although notas: tion of something worse, such as the Old Duck, or the Moral Sense, I take the liberty of offering a few

nally a Tuesday's publication, is, in fact, publistel the river Mersey; and that if I go out of ber sight, remarks on the same subject, as in my bumble opinion

on the Monday, early in the afternoon; and as it I'shall assuredly meet with a watery grave: nay, l your correspondent has taken a wrong view of it. ) not our custom to require our printers to work on the she even carries her folly to such a pitch, that yes

Yours, &c.

A. B.

Sunday, our final arrangements are usually made a terday when I went to taste some new ale out of

the Friday evening : no communication, except it be a small cooler in our brewhouse, she seized me by Moral Sense, or Conscience, I conceive to be an in

very brief and very urgent, has therefore much chane the skirts of my coat, and with much gravity of ward consciousness implanted in us by God, showing

of a place unless conveyed to us earlier in the week deportment told me not to approach too bear so tre-l us. instinctively, the difference between right and No. I. of the YOUNG OBSERVER, shall have a place, mendou's a regervoir

lo vain have I endeavoured to correct the mood wrong. This must be an inherent principle of our in all probability, after we have been favoured with a old woman's foible. I have pointed out to her the nature; for in no age or country do we find any hu-l sight of No. 11. absurdity of attaching the importance of reality to man being without some sense of religion or duty. The lines of W. S. on Bolton Abbey, also those of I. . things, wbich of themselves, are at best, mere plan- We find the actions of Socrates, Aristides, Cato, and G. F.--are acceptable, and shall appear probably toms of the imagination.

other great men, applauded in all ages, whilst a Nero in our next. Those, on Retrospection, by the lantai, I have reasoned with her in the best manner I

or Caligula is universally execrated and abborred. I are not overlooked. am able; and I am sorry to say that all is to no purpose. She still declares that they are prophetic Although the community has not enacted laws for the

No. VIII. of HORÆ OT108£ is reserved for our best of future events, aod as a corroboration of this punishment of some crimes, yet still they have always

publication. opinion, refers me to the dream of Pharaoh, in the been looked upon with abhorrence. Ingratitude, for sacred volume. We have had several hard contests instance, is a crime so base, that there never yet was Guli, by adopting the hint we gave him, bas rendered together on this subject. I have told her that found any one who wouldacknowledge himself guilty of his lines unobjectionable. neither the aged men, nor the aged women of that it. How is this to be accounted for, unless we consider time were able to explain the mystery of this singu- conscience to be an intuitive faculty ? On what ot lar dreana, but that a young man named Joseph, gave sigu- | conscience to be an intuitive faculty ? On what other | PLAGIARISMS. We have to assure our corresponde

CORNELIUS, that the postponement of the promise the interpretation; and that as my name was Jo. principle can we account for that sense of shame we

detection of a certain plagiarism, has solely arsen seph, I begged to be allowed the same privilege. feel, when we have committed a bad action? for this

from the following cause. An attempt having been She insists that I am a very imperfect representa.

feeling is totally different from the fear of punishment. made by a correspondent of the Mercury, to practisme tive of Joseph iu every particular, and that she In many nations, customs which we look upon with

upon us an imposition similar to that detected by fears, amongst our young men of i be present day, abhorrence, have been permitted and sanctioned by the

CORNELIUS, we had addressed the person vs

meant to play off this hoax in terms as unceremoniec there are very few, if any Josephs at all. You will laws; but if we look at their motives, it will be found as the occasion warranted. Owing to the great press perceive from this statement how provokingly Il that they were countenanced, not because the actions

of public matter in the Mercury, several of au in situated. Our Tom, ton, foolish fellow that he

notices to correspondents were withdrawn, after having he were considered right in themselves, but because they is, appears to be affected with this prevalent disease.

been prepared in the type ; amongst others, was e He has dreamed of goose eggs, which he says is a were thought to be useful to the community. For in

remonstrance with the individual to whom we ha sure siga of mischief! And Mrs. Gossip, our next.

stance, theft was permitted, and even encouraged alluded ; in addressing whom we took occasion to a door neighbour, is in my opinion equally as absurd among the Spartans, because the chief object of their

lude to our Kaleidoscope Plagiarist, whose borto as the rest : indeed, I may venture to say without laws being to make the people warlike, they would be

plumes we promised to strip off in the next number exaggeration, that she is far more so; for, in addi-accustomed to dexterity, and inured to bardship; for

Having been under the necessity of postponing."

intimation until the next Mercury, we shall de tion to her dreaming propensity, sbe is liable to they were very severely punished if caught in the act. until the next Kaleidoscope, the exposure to who adother very laughable jofirinity, which is, that when she has once set out upon a journey, she |1, therefore, think that our sense of right and wrong

CORNELIUS first called "our attention. Whilst *

are upon this subject, we wish to ask one correspon would not turn back for the world, however “ urgent" is intuitive, and not the offspring of example and imi

dent whether he can say, upon his honour, that certain the necessity, or evident the utility;" because she / tation.

verses to Eliza, commencing with “ Ah! lovely most says it would be a strong indication of bad luck!

are original? We merely ask the question, because And the same sage Mrs. Gossip, should a pigeon

we fancy we have somewhere met with something ser or blackbird accidentally light upon her house, will

To Correspondents.

very much unlike them. not venture to open her mouth to any of ber neigbbour's for a whole day together, fearful of her choler I TI BOBBIN'S LIFE.-A correspondent from Manches.) From a first perusal of the cantos of J. M.Gown being provoked; she considering the above to be

ter wishes to know when we intend to insert the new

sent impression is, that although they passes an indisputable proof of a menacing storm of anger.

memoir of the celebrated author of the Lancashire

merit of easy flowing versification, they are protet la fact, Sir, there are about half a score more

Dialect, which we have promised for two successive to a length, altogether disproportioned to the lol whimsicalities which I could enumerate were il weeks, and for which he has been anxiously on the ance or diversity of the objects treated of. Ahlus

too of cards Inok-out? If our correspondent will consult the ad

present rate it would require a score or two of ra necessary; but as I think I have given you a pretty vertisement in the Mercury, in which Tim's life is of 200 lines each, to make the tour of the town: fair sample of absurdity, I shall make a full stop, announced for early publication, he will find that no

the probability is, that our readers would be more only requesting that you will have the kindoess to specific time for its appearance is stated. We often

of the journey long before its termination. We punish sach frippery with some of your keenest find it expedient to make some change in our pre

however, notice the subject again in our best observations, by way of satire ; or, if this will oc concerted arrangement, in conséquence of the recepcapy too much of your time (as no doubt it will)

tion of communications not in contemplation on If we had more leisure we should have a "crop toplam that you will be good enough to offer my most re

the Thursday, when our advertisement is written with our qneer correspondent, TOMMY TƯRTOX.NO pectful compliments to some of your able corre

out; and, owing to this circumstance, we have, ofl of whose compositions will be found in our per spondents, inviting them

late, hinted at the probable contents of our next department, if we have not been deceived by a to? to do the business in a handsome style. Your compliance will particularly

number, by saying, In preparation for early in striking similarity in the MS.

sertion,” which leaves us the free use of our discreoblige

J. Q.

tion in the selection or postponement of any article. We have further to acknowledge, ILAC-PA In the present instance, the memoir in question has

IGNOTO_T.P.T.-EREMUS J.M.-BONBOYU been superseded for a week by an article particularly |

T. H.
worthy of the attention of the moral philosopher and

the humorist; we mean the Bachelor's THERMO.

To the Editor.-If you would inform me in your W.H. Our correspondent from the Potteries would

Printed, published, and sold by E. SMITB and next Kaleidoscope, the method of reuring silk

54, Lord-street, Liverpool much oblige us by the sight of the MS. tw which he 100rms, as the time of hatching them is fast ad allu

| Sold also by J. Bywater and Co. Pool-lane; Eranta

win & Hall, Castle-st.: T. Smith, Paradise-st.;. vanciog, you would render me and many others. acceptable, as the subject is peculiarly elligible. y #bon I bave the pleasure to know, an acceptable CHESS. If the extracts from Twiss are not too long,

brick, Public Library, Lime-st; E. W service.

and J. Smith, St. James's-road, for ready trakcy? we shall gladly avail ourselves of the polite offer of AGENTS FOR MANCHESTER A REAR ER OF SILK WORMS.

Miss L.J.--The letter of A. S. of Warrington, on the Market-street; T. Sowler, St. Ann's Squid * March 6, 1821.

same subject, shall have an early insertion.

J. Flot:her, Market-place.

and which


Miss Richards

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Ann's Square, as

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