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Literary and Scientific Mirror.


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lam. No. 40.-New Series.


Price 3 d.

. The Philanthropist.

SIR WILLIAM BLACKSTONE.— Yet, though we DR. COLQUHOUN.-" In the present state of so

may glory in the wisdom of the English Law, we ciety it becomes indispensibly pecessary, that of. me CAPITAL PUNISHMENTS.

sball find it more difficult to justify the frequency fences, which in their nature are bigbly jujurious to of capital punishment to be found therein : joficted the public, and where uo mode of prevention can be

(perhaps ioattentively) by a multitude of successive establisbed, should be punisbed by the forfeiture of The revival of our penal code is likely to engage the

independent statutes, upon crimes very different in life; but these dreadful examples should be exhiKve hely consideration of the legislature; and some consien darable amelioration of its provisions will, in all proba

their natures. It is a melancholy truth, that among the bited as seldom as possible; for while, on the one Ditisy, be introduced in to Parliament, with the concur

variety of actions which men are daily liable to com. band, such punishments often defeat the ende of recerco of the ministers. At such a crisis, it will not be wit, no less than an hundred and sixty have been justice, by their not being carried into execution ; incompatible with the nature of our work, to lay be declared by Act of Parliament to be felouies witbout so ou the other, by being often repeated, they tone

fact our readers the opinions of some of the wisest phi- benefit of clergy; or in other words, to be worthy their effect upon the minds of the people." 2 lentkacopists and legislators upon a subject of such intense of instant death. So dreadful a list, instead of



SIR SAMUEL ROMILLY.-" To the Criminal Law sintarih-Edits. Kal

diminishing, increases the pumber of offenders. The

We of this country, he bad always considered it is a very

injured, through compassion, will often forbear to per a Sir Thomas MORB_“I think putting thieves

great defect, that capital punishments were frequent prosecute; juries, through compassion, will someto death is not lawful; and it is plain and obvious

and were appointed, he could not say inflicted, for times forget their oatls, and either acquit the guilty, Wat it is absurd, and of ill consequence to the com

gowy, so many crimes. No principle could be more clear or mitigate the nature of the offevce; and the

than tbat it is the cerlainty much more tbao Ibe Aman" osvealth, that a thief and a murderer should be lindges, through compassion, will respite one half Wantly punished : for if a robber sees that bis dan.

severity of punishments wbich renders them etiam an of the convicts, and recommend them to the Royal het ger is ibae same if he is convicted of theft, as if he Mercy. Among so many chances of escaping, the

cious." were guilty of murder, this will naturally incite him

| THE RIGHT HONOURABLE WILLIAN PITT. needy and hardened offender overlooks the multitude Lohill i be persou whom otherwise be would only have that suffer ; be boldly engages in some desperate

| Mr. Wilherforce says :-“ So deeply was Mr. Piete in cos rubbed; since, if the punishment is the same, I attempt, to relieve his wants or supply his vices;

convinced of the improper severity of our laws, that, BED Here is more security, and less danger of discovery, and, if unexpectedly the hand of justice overtake

to my knowledge, that distinguished person had it when he that can best make it is put out of the way; him, he deems himself peculiarly unfortunate io fal

in contemplation to submit the whole of our Pena! so that terrifying thieves 100 much provokes them I ling at last a sacrifice to those lawn, which long im.

Code to the revision of some able Lawyers, fur love w cruelty."

purpose of digesting a plan to diininish the sanguin punity has taught him to contemn." Bulan De. JOHNSON,- Death is, as one of the ancients (o support of tbe opinion of this great Lawyer,

nary nature of its pubisbments, so inconsistent witte os observes, of dreadful things the most dreadful ; an ibat an amendment of our penal code was necessary,

the justice of humanity for wbicb this country is so !3E" tvil, beyond which notbing can be threatened by Sir W. Blackstone shrewdly observes, “ That had a |

W. Blackstone shrewdly obseryes, « That bad peculiarly distinguished.” boblocary power, or feared from human eomity or

committee been appointed but once in one hundred se vengeance, Tbis terror sbould, therefore, be reserved

years, to revise the criminal law, it could not have Hi the last resort of authority, as the strongest and

Biographical Notices. contioned to this hour, a felony without benefit of must operative of prohibitory sanctions, and placed clergy, to be seen for one month in company with .. beture the treasure of life, lo guard from invasion Gypsies !

BRIEF MEMOIR OF THE REV. what cagaot be restored. To cqual robbery wit! DR. FRANKLIN." Is there then no difference in WILLIAM SHEPHERD. burder, is to reduce murder to robbery ; to cou-l value between property and lifeIf I think it right found in common minds the gradations of iniquity, that the crime of murder be punished with death, | ud incite the commission of a greater crime,' and

We have often had it in contemplation to attempt not only as an equal punishment of the crime, but

what might be termed a biographical outline of " Lar. prevent the detection of a less. If only murder to prevent other murders, does it follow that I must

cashire worthies ;" amongst whom, of course, the subwere puuished witb death, few robbers would stain

approve of inflicting i he same punishment for a little lject of the present sketch would have been entitled to tseir bands in blooil; but when, by the last act invasion of any property by theft? If I am not a conspicuous place. We are fully aware that the peof cruelty, no new danger is incurred, and greater

myself so barbarous, and bloody-minded, and re-moirs of living characters have not often much claim to Security aray be obtained, upon what principle shall

vengeful as to kill a fellow.creature for stealing from public confidence. On the one hand, the partiality of we bid them forbear? They who would rejoice

me fourteen shillings and three-pence, how can I friendship, and on the other, the enmity of party preat the correction of a I bief, are yet shocked at the

approve of a law that does it? It is said, by those judice, where the individual has taken any conspicuous lbought of destroying him. His crime sbrinks to who knew Europe generally, thut there are more

share in the politics of the day, render a faithful pornothing compared with his unisery; and severity de.

| thefts committed and punished annuully in England | trait of his character a desideratum not very likely to be Teatr itself by exciting pity." . I than in all other nations put together!"

attained. The estimable individual who in the subje

and posits numbery small bus. His congree Unitarian penter,

of the annexed brief sketch, has mixed so much with herd removed to the New College at Hack- tion "An seni sit uror ducenda ?" This the political world, that we should have despaired of now

Ofney, where he had the advantage of the curious composition never had been made being able to give any kinů of outline of his history without deviating from our invariable rule, to avoid po- instruction of those eminent and learı

instruction of those eminent and learned public till the year 1805, when a few com litics in every shape. An article in the last number of men Dr. Kippis and Dr. Rees, and also of pies were printed by Mr. Shepherit. For the Imperial Magazine, which we proceed to lay before Mr. Belsham, who was appointed divinity distribution among his friends, from the our readers, has, however, obviated some of our diffi. culties, by treating the subject in a way perfectly com..

tutor to the New College during Mr. Shep-MS. in the Poyal Library at Paris. patible with our plan ; and, although so limited a view | berd's residence there.

In 1814, Mr Shepherd published the re. does not possess the interest which would attach to an

°1 On the completion of his studies, Mr. sult of two excursions to France, under the A wider and more general range, we are of opinion, that the memoir, in its present form, will prove in Shepherd left the college ; and, no situa. title of “ Paris, in 1802 and 1814." The teresting to our readers, particularly in Liverpool and tion immediately presenting itself, he ac- work, which is generally commended for its in Lancashire.-Edit. Kal.

cepted an invitation from the Rev. John impartiality, has gone through three edi.

Yates, of Toxteth Park, near Liverpool, tions. - "Mr. Shepherd was born at Liverpool, No. to undertake the office of private tutor to In 1815, Mr. Shepherd, conjointly with vember 11, 1768; his father was a respec. his children. During his residence in Mr. the Rev. Mr. Joyce, and the Rev. Dr. Car. table tradesman, whose talents and good Yates's family, Mr. Shepherd occasionally penter, published, in two octavo volumes, conduct procured him an introduction to performed divine service at the Unitarian a general compendium of the various obsociety above his own rank in life. His chapel at Knowsley. His congregation was Ijects of liberal study, under the title or mother was a daughter of the Reverend | at first very small; but, during his ministry, - Systematic Education ; or, Elementary Benjamin Mather, a dissenting minister at its numbers and respectability were very Instruction in the various departments of Over-Darwin, a popular preacher, and pos- considerably increased. Mr. Shepherd had | Literature and Science, with practical na sessed of an independent fortune. | resided in Mr. Yates's family about two for studying each branch of useful knowOn the death of his father, Mr. Shep-years, when he received a call to the pasto- Iledge"

years, when he received a call to the pasto- ledge." The first edition of this work wy herd was received into the family of his ma-ral superintendence over the Unitarian e

is me. Tral superintendence over the Unitarian conto very speedily disposed of; a second has ternal uncle, the Reverend Tatlock Mather, gregation at Gateacre, where he then went sinc

where he then went since been printed ; and, as the work of pastor of a dissenting congregation at Rain. to reside, having entered into the matri- tains very general approbation, it will, ia ford, near Prescot, who, being a bachelor, monial connection with Miss Nicholson, | all probability, reach seve adopted him as his son, and instructed him daughter of the late Mr. Robert Nicholson,

Besides the above works, Mr. Shepherd in the elements of useful knowledge: he merchant, of Liverpool. Soon after Mr.

has been the author of several occasiozz! afterwards went as a day-scholar to Hold Shepherd had established his residence at

pamphlets, and a variety of fugitive pieces den's academy, at Rainford, where he con-| Gateacre, he opened a seminary for the

and poems, which have appeared in dd f six years, the princi- classical education of young gentlemen,

ferent periodical publications. Of these, ale pal part of which time he was under the which he still continues.

though some are on subjects of importance. tuition of the Reverend John Braithwaite. From his intimacy with our worthy towns- we have no means of ascertaining either's From Rainford, Mr. Shepherd was removed man Mr. Roscoe; Mr. Shepherd imbibed a extent or the merit, many of them haring to Bolton, and placed under the tuition of partiality for Italian literature, and was in. been printed without any signature; !! the Reverend Philip Holland, who is still duced, by a perusal of that gentleman's in- few, if any, bearing the author's note." remembered as an excellent scholar, and a teresting history of Lorenzo de Medici, to most accurate teacher; and of whom, Mr. undertake the publication of a life of Poggio Shepherd has been frequently heard to de: Bracciolini, a very celebrated Italian scho.

The Gleaner. clare, with the most grateful emotions, lar of the fifteenth century, and of whom chat, to the admirable precepts of this skilno accurate account had hitherto been given.

I am but a gatherer and disposer of others stuff.

WOTTON ful instructor, he is indebted for the more This work, which was published in 1802, efficient portion of his education.

stands in high and deserved estimation with When Mr. Shepherd had attained his the hiterary world; the literary world ; and it has been tran

THE TRAVELER. fifteenth year, his uncle died, bequeathing

slated into the French, Italian, and Gerhim to the care of his intimate friend, the

man languages. The style is manly, pure, THE QUEEN'S RECEPTION AT TUNIS Rev. Richard Godwin, minister of Gateacre and elegant; the remarks on authors, evince chapel, who, on his determining to devote

| a sound discriminating judgment; and the The following account of her Majesty's recepata = himself to the ministry. sent him to the reflections on events, a discerning and cul- | Tunis is taken from “ The Journal of her Majesty na

Queen, to Tunis, Greece, and Palestine, Witte ** 'dissenting academy at Daventry, in North

tivated mind.

Louise Dumont: with other corresponding paper amptonshire, where he was admitted on the About the year 1435, Poggio, who was collected in Switzerland, and translated by bloom foundation. Here he continued three years, then fifty-five years old, and who had led a Garston.” She says, under the tuition of the Reverend Messrs. very dissipated life, married a lady " who “On the 12th, her Royal Highness at Belsham, Broadbent, and Cogan, who were had not seen eighteen summers." In order to pay a visit to the Bey, at his cour respectively divinity, mathematical, and clas- to justify his conduct for this extraordinary residence. All the Turkish Officers acros sical tutors." From Daventry, Mr. Shep-step, he wrote a formal treatise on the ques- panied her, and on the road went throug

inister of Gadevote a souri

2 very pretty maneuvre to entertain her. I is now reigning) took her Royal High-|

Miscellanies. They galloped forward with their horses, ness by the hand, and conducted her into which seemed rather to fly than to run; his own seraglio, whither also we followed

CONTINENTAL FANCY BALL, when advanced to some distance, they her. That of the son is more extensive

AT THE CASTLE ROYAL, BERLIX. wheeled round, and returned with the ve. than that of the father, and contains more

The following (being the published extract of locity of lightning, discharging their mus- women; but they were not so richly dressed,

private letter receptly received from the continent) kets, and exhibiting a sham fight together. with the exception of his wife, who was

may not be altogether opinteresting to our readers. It is difficult to conceive how a man, mount- very beautiful, as was also that of the seed on a fiery horse, swist as the wind, can cond son. The ceremonies with which we « On the 27th, we had here a most splendid Court

festival. It took place in the state rooms of the loud his piece and discharge it with so much were received in the first seraglio were re.

Castle Royal, where the (so called) white-hall and facility; but such is their manner of car-peated in this; the women crowded round the adjoining apartments had been fitted up for it.

In The idea of this splendid exbibition of royal pomp rying on war. In other respects they are us, and appeared delighted to see us. Un

was taken from Moore's beautiful poem, Lalla very cowardly, and a Christian need not fortunate creatures! we were undoubtedly Rookh. It was supposed that the royal couple, fear an encounter with thirty Turks. Their the first strangers whom they had seen

oon Lalla Rookh and the Prince Abiris, along with

Aurengzeb and Abdallah, attended by their Queen vaiform nearly made us expire with laugh- since they were first immured like encaged and the people forining their courts, were present er; they looked like so many old women; birds in these cloisters. When once the

at the representation of the principal episodes by

tableaux vivans formed by the people, whose atti. Come had white head dresses; (à papillons,) | doors of the mansion are closed upon them ludes, remaining unchauged for a certaiu time, conthers had grey handkerchiefs fastened on they come forth no more, and meet the vey the idea of a living picture. For this purpose a

ibeatre had been constructed in the hall, in which he bead, and cloaks, made like mantillas, eye of no one save the Princes, by whom these pictures were exhibited. They consisted of o their shoulders, with large wooden boots they are treated like slaves. When the scenes taken from the four poetical narratives interin their legs. During a journey of three Princes enter they all hasten to kiss their of Khorassau, that of Peri and the Paradise, that of

woven in the poem, viz. that of the veiled Prophet ailes we were much diverted with this hands; it is the only favour enjoyed by the Ghebers, and lastly, that of the Feast of Roses,

Each of these dramatic performances (if you may nasquerade. We then arrived at the Pa-them. They are enormously fat, and those

call them so) was preluded by a svag, containing & ace of the Bey, who received her Royal who are most bulky are esteemed the most poetical narrative of the scenes which the spectators Highness. Her Royal Highness had the beautiful; those who are slender are lightly

der or lichtly were to behold. These songs, from the pen of Dr.

Spiker, the Royal Librarian, were adinirably set to Kidness to present us to him : after a short valued, and even scarcely looked at. They wusic by the Chevalier Spontini, the leader of the Durersation (they conversed in Italian) are constantly guarded and watched by

band royal, who had also composed the introductory

march and the music for tbe ballet, with which the le took the Princess by the band, and con- eunuchs; thus I look upon them as buried whole finished. acted her into his seraglio. She com. alive. It is said that there are five hundred

| While this march was performing by the band

royal, the Courts of Aurengzeb and Abdallah, as well inded us to follow her; the gentlemen in the palace at Tunis. At Athens her

as the Princess Lalla Rookhi, and the Prince Abiris emained in the hall, it being forbidden for Royal Highness gave two balls to the Gre-entered, all of them in their lodian and Bucharian

dresses. Lalla Rookh was represented by her Royal iny man to enter the seraglio under pain cian ladies. Their manner of dancing is

| Highuess the Grand Duchess of Prussia, daughter of death. We were introduced into a mag. Jinsipid to the last degree, (pour mourir d'en- of bis Majesty, and the Prince A biris, by his Royal

Highuess the Grand Duke Nicholas of Russia. pificent room : the women were dressed nui.) They are not permitted to dance

Aurengzeb was Prince William, brother to his Ma. tith incredible splendour, being loaded with the gentlemen, but merely by them- jesty, anid Abdallah bis Royal Highuess the Duke ith gold, diamonds, and precious stones; selves; and the dance consists of nothing

of Cumberlaud. The dresses of these illustrious

persons were unconmonly magnificent, as was also : leir legs were uncovered, and their ankles more than taking each other's hand and ibat of her Royal Higbuess the Grand Duchess of Acircled with diamond chains; their fingers turning. The first, or the one who dances Russia. The rest of the Royal Family appeared as

Judian or Bucbarian Princes, suns, daughters, aud L'ere covered with rich rings, and the tips best, holds a handkerchief in her hand, Nobles of Aure I them painted black. The Princess which she constantly waves; the accompa- of the people they were to represent. The last tab

leau, where the parts of Munmahal and Dishehanger ated herself with the Bey and his first nying music is simply la, la, la, la, la, and

were performed by Madame de Perpunger, and his 'ife upon rich cushions; five wives of the la, la, la, without variety. Added to this, Royal Highness the Duke Charles of Meclenburgh

I was followed by a ballet executed by the ladies and auk of slaves, presented napkins wrought their want of grace makes one fancy them

gentlemen of the Court, as also in the national #ith gold; and afterwards the richest col- puppets moved by wires. The lower rank dresses, and wearing wreaths of roses. The enter

ninosed of tainment was most splendid, and the number of peoation that can be pictured was served to of women wear a head-dress, composed of

ple present (part of whom, however, could bui see Elem; there were full two hundred different a silver coin, called barras, which is equi- ihe performance) is estimated to have amounted to ishes all served upon gold. After the valent to a raps of Switzerland; they have upwards of 4000..

past, the slaves brought their finest per- also necklaces of the same materials; the Such are the vicissitudes of human umes, and sprinkled us from head to foot; coins are pierced in the centre, and placed we believe allied to a most opulent family in Berkshire,

and to a late Member for Wallingford, educated at ur dresses have not even yet lost the on an iron wire. The women who are Westminster School, of no common attainments, and in

ore wealthy weon cold coin in the some the opinion of the late Dr. Horsley, as well as Dr. Vincent. The Bey ordered music to be more wealthy, wear gold coin in the same

cent, once of great public promise, a Member of the rought. Six old women commenced play- style, and in great profusion. Both the University of Oxforet, and a Barrister at Law, is now a

pauper upon the parish of Camberwell, and was lately ng a sort of charivari, which deafened our poor and the wealthy unstring them, when earing, but it was most excellent melody of they have no other money, or in preference

Taste.--A bruiser, of Hibernian merit, having lately Te Turkish court; and the old women were to borrowing, and distribute to the many

; and the old women were to borrowing, and distribute to me niany visited New York, in hopes of carrying on his profession, e most perfect of its songstresses. After-poor who offer themselves every where, and received so little encouragement, that he returned in

disgust, declaring that the Yankees had no taste for the ards, the eldest son of the Bey (he who invariably limit their petition to a barras:” fine arts.

and Abda

in dresses

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bor and we weutyunsmis Wom, well begging his bread in Wales

Morning papeg.

miok into obucurity and want, more dreadful because I wade from without. Another cloud of Cossack cou. I was a frequent visitor, by refusing to eat any fruit by he had tasted the sweets of plenty, we confess we servators of the peace of Europe may again darken?

Maneo-steens, or to drink any wine but Champarte! know not : this, however, is too often the case, and over the "vine-covered hills and gay valleys of

The only instance in which it was ever seen angry w theo the temporary kindness of a patron is far more France.' "Last scene of all, that ends this strange

when there was none of the latter a: the dessert : painful than torni neglect. That man, and more eventful history;' another Blucher may sapplicate

commonly messed in peace with a dog, a cat, and a loro particularly that poet, must possess a noble mind, to be the privileged conflagrator of Paris, without and tease it without offence or resentment. The strena

The dog was its favourite, and was suffered to worti who, having been fattered and caressed by the great, being frustrated by any benign imperial interposic of the animal when full grown was, nevertbeless, ses cro return to his eative indigence with an uncorroded |tion, commanding him to sheathe the sabres, and great ; and it could tear up by the roots from the ea anind: and it is well for a man of geoius, wben it extioguisb the torches of his military artificers of den a plantain tree of such size as to be almost to cao be said of bim, with regard to their patronage, bavuck."

large for its embrace That delight he never knew,

This, to be sure, was rather strong language to

use; but the French mode of taking it up, instead And therefore never miss'd.

ANIMAL SAGACITY. of refuting it, would seem to show, that at least the Liverpool. passage imputing folly had some foundation. For

The following instance of animal sagacity is in the lecturer being called on for a supplementary | the same source: discourse, received on the evening preceding, the

Moschus, (var.) called by the natives Kauchil. They Literary Notices. following letter :

little squirrel-like creature is so proverbially cunniz, “Some French officers bave learned, with equal

that a Malay, speaking of a clever rogue, says, " be

as sly as a kaucbil." surprise and indignation, the manner of which you * In compliance with the request of a constant

Examples are mentioned, which

show that the comparison is not unfounded. The spoke of France, at your last sitting in the Rue KEADER we subjoin an article on the subject of Mr. Vivienne.

kauchil, when caught in a trap, pretends to be dead; Mulocu's public lectures, recently delivered in Paris,'

but should the springe be incautiously located, te “ Tbey do not here allude to your literary opinions

leaps up and bounds out of sight in an iostatt. I which our correspondent conceives will be well timed, which can injare none but yourself, and wbich at bunted and sore pressed, he will jump into tbe as Mr. M. has it in contemplation to give a course of once prove your ignorance, your want of taste, and of a tree, and hang by bis ceeth, which be tiro 4 Itd loctures in this town. Without stopping to examine

your bad faith: the owl which canuot endure the the wood, wbile his pursuers run beneath and bose the the justice of thoso sweeping strictures upon the French light of the san, denies its splendour.

scent. This cheating character authorizes tbe proverb, nation, in which the lecturer has here indulged, we have set forth against France as a nation, in despite

" The matter in question is the opinion which you cannot but express an opinion, that there is more than of decoram, the rights of hospitality, and of all

OIL GAS. mi ordinary sbare of assurance, and lack of delicacy, in that mankind hold sacred.

At a meeting which recently took plase 1: much an attempt to depreciate a whole people to their "You are, no doubt, fully aware of the infamy of Hull, to consider of the propriety of lighting tin own faces ; por do we believe that so rude an experiment such conduct, which but for the contempt it inspires,

town with gas, considerable discussion occurred #

to the comparative merits of gas from oil, and game upon national feeling and amour propre, would be tole would most assuredly have been punished by those

from coal. who despise you more than the Cossacks and the

It was stated, tbat the oil gas threwabe rased even in our own country. Bluchers. Frenchmea recognise enemies, but not

ter light than that from coal; that it required "smaker People are neither to be affronted, nor bullied out

apparatus, that it was free from the offensive smell, poltroons. of their absurdities; and, if ever we should, in a foreign

injurious to breath and destructive of comfort, by

“Still, however, contempt will not long stifle the which coal gas was accompanied; that it did no? ?# country, venture upon such a course of lectures, we voice of injured honour; any pew insult will cause rode the pipes, nor tarnish nor discolour polished should make it a point to take the chair with our you to be visited by signal vengeance. This lan-tals, silks, &c. as coal gas did; and that it was the “' noses ready soaped," in anticipation of the conseguage bears no equivocal meaning :-French officers in Covent-garden Theatre, in the Argyle Rooms, 1 quences.-Edit. Kal.

repel calumpy and insolence on the field of houour, Whitbread's brewery, and some other place and with the sword in hand.

of the speakers alleged on the contrary, that be 96 “We therefore command you, in the name of

cured 417 gallons of gas from 1llbs. of coal, which PUBLIC LECTURES IN PARIS.

in the cost a penny. The coke produced was worth a pear, l'rance which you have largely attacked

, and the tar worth a pemy more; so that he had a FI [From the Literary Gazette.)

name of truth which you have outraged, and of that fit of 200 per cent, and the gas for noi bing! being religion which you have renounced by slandering his gas had produced no offensive smell, and *

your fellow-creatures, not to give on Saturday the not perceived that his pipes (which were of lead A characteristic story, as connected with public lecture you have announced.

been corroded. A letter was read, which obx74 lectures in Paris, lately came under our cognizance. “ We are, with the contempt you deserve,

that 1000 feet of oil gas would produce a light equal 9 Mr. Mulock, tbe gentlemau who is at present en

“MILLIN, BARBEROUX, ST. DIDIER, 3333 feet of coal gas. It appears that the Emperci raged in giving an interesting exposition of English

.“ French officers.

ander is ligbring up his palace at St. Petersburgh Riccrature, at the Argyle Rooms, (and whose lectures! “ Puris, Jun. 26, 1821."

oil gas. The meeting unanimously agreed at Geucva we noticed some time ago,) delivered! We have only to add, by way of explanation, that

tions in favour of gas from oil. somewhat of a similar course in the capital of our the signatures are not those of unknown persons ; neighbours. Upou oue occasion, in January last, Barberoux is the son of the deputy; and St. Didier, ju taking a view of the political state of Europe as a colonel, of ducliog notoriety. Our countryman,

Correspondence. connected with its literary improvement, he happened to speak nearly as follows of France:

", se bap-nevertheless, pronounced his lecture, aud treated the
threat with ridicule, as one of assassioation.

* And first, with reference to the land in wbicia
I am a passing guest-a land which I must place.
where she has placed herself by hér follies and her

Sir,-I am sorry the letter upon orir? crirnex, least and lowest in the scale of Europeau

Scientific Records.

innovations should have been the cause ** natious. Whithersoever I turu my cyes in France,

trouble to you, and that its perpara sa I behold degradation or destitution--a government

beeu so misunderstood. I certainly bed built without strength, struggling to sway an insurgent

[Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve

ention by what I wrote, in any way, to pratsam people, and by the worst means-false loyalty lean

ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally,

honi' such innovations; I merely wished to al pee ing on the broken crutch of false religion-au

singular Medical Cases; Astrenomical, Mechanical, 1
Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mine-

admit they were so, and to plead in juALA atheistic land scourged by squadrons of antichristian

ralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural them; which, in all future numbers EULA W wifesionaries, whose carnal cry is, 'up with the cross, History, Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.; to be removed any doubts, whether they sret * 12 and down with the bible'a paper constitution continued in a Series through the Volume.)

or not; and I hoped fortber, precisar * seized hold of by contending fuctions, to sauction

does, that it would lead to the more gekomu m..." the practical suspension of rights, or to prompt


of them. I am totally at a loss to inae the popular denial of duties. Do you require a

A. B. C. found the “ furor scribensiin u the more minute inventory of a nation's nothings? Sir T. S. Raffles has sent a paper to the Linnang So- upon this subject, with whicb be ser Fields witho

$ without commerce ciety, describing the zoological collection niade for the pleased; and I am sorry be foode I -courts without justice-churches without piety East India Company. The following is his description

ceeding from my vegligence, of sum*** houses without homes-pamphleteeriug in lieu of of the Ursa Malayanus:

The letter escaped my hands huit at literature, and sensuality substituted for the affec

have been returned to me, I bupe ) stums * twns. Nor do I overstep the limits of prudent, | This bear was caught young, and brought up in the able muself

able myself to correct them. AB 28" political prediction, when I proclaim that this guilty of the common bear, and bear of India. It was per

nursery among the children. It appears to be a variety perversion of all good-this fond election of evil, fectly tame, and in its babits exceedingly playful. Sir ulity of the common bear, and bear of India. It was per II trust, to furnish you with the BETURINAR

T * willere long be visited with peval vcageance. Fresh

fectly tame, and in its babits exceedingly playful. Sirl words where similar innovation
wita penal vcageance. Fresh | T. S. Rames mentions, that it was also a brute of priety, be used.
T. S. Rafines mencions, i

I remain poum " convulsions will call forth anviber conquering cru. I taste, which it displayed at the dicaer table, where it larch 29, 1821. . GEOR



have preceded it, and still reluctant to part from the merely venturing to break that silence by a whispered mysterious delights of legendary borrore.

remark, and listening eagerly for a repetition of the I The value of this kind, or indeed of any kind of the mysterious sound: but we could hear nothing, save the TO THE EDITOR.

marvelous, as conrrasted with moral tales, tales of dashing of the waves against the planks of the vessel, character, of humour, or any other description of tales, or oow and then, as we passed an open port, a faint

it would be nugatory here to make any attempt to murmur borne from the distant shore over the waters, la Mr. Christie's account of the Indian Game of ascertain: it is certain that it has at least as many or the low bumming of some man on watch in the Chess, a more close similitude will be traced be

votaries, if not more than any other, by which the cops.”

| lovers of light reading are captivated; and if you think Then my kinsman recounted and particularized, with treen cards and that game, than could have been

professional accuracy, the various parts of the vessel apposed on a transient glance at the subject.


he had searched; but I am not seaman enough to fol.

| low him. At length he described himself as having This ludiap game, caller Chaturanga, or Chess, of an analagous nature, might gratify your readers, they shall have one. I have a kinsman, who, to

reached one end of a species of gallery formed by some the Four Kings, represents four princes with every good quality of the heart, unites all that can

of the partitions in the lower part of the vessel, and heir troops, forming two allied armies on each side." render him an agreeable companion. His conversa.

proceeded as follows: "We had scarcely reached the

entrance of this gallery, when my companion asked if cion abounds with anecdote ; and it is from his lips I Aal, in a note ou tiris passage, Mr. Christie says, bave taken the following narrative. In the summer of

I did not see a light; I looked forward, and did clearly A game of coosiderable ingenuity, I am ipformed, 1818 (I was then residing in the country) he paid me a

perceive one at the fore end of the gallery. We ad

vanced slowly and cautiously towards it, but it ap-- is practised in Germany, consisting of two chess- visit, for the first time since his childhood, and after the | lapse of many years, the greater part of which he had

peared to recede as we advanced, and at length as we poards joined together laterally. It is played by served as a midshipman in the navy. Towards the

came close to the end of the passage, it sank gradually o persons on each side, each of whoin is concerned conclusion of one of the most agreeable evenings I had

to the ground and then disappeared altogether. "

a Al the spot where it had thus vanished, there was -> difend his own game, and, at the same time that ever spent, the conversation happened to turn on apparitions.

a graced opening communicating with the water, and :: co-operates with bis ally, to distress, by every Winter eveniøgs, I apprehend, have been always

baving raised this we descended, but I l ave you to fans in his power, the two armies opposed to held the scene most proper for summoning up these

guess what were our sensations, when immediately

beneath we observed the body of a woman in a state awful guests; but if the crackling faggat within, and pin"-Inquiry into the ancient Greck Game, sup. the howling tempest without, sweeping “the groaning

of putrefaction. She was dressed in white; had on a ved lo hare been invented by Palumedes, p. 74.- forest on the shore," seem to 'augment their effect, per

rich necklace, bracelets, and other costly ornaments,

which showed her to have been of a respectable conhis arrangement affords a most striking similarity baps it is no less assisted by the dim twilight of the

dition in life. summer evening's apartment, and the soft and mtlanthe fourfold game which the Indian Chess appears choly murmurs of the breeze, sigbing in the foliage

" When we returned to the cabin where we slepe, have been, and whose formu so nearly resembles of the shrubs chat mount the halt-opened window.

and related our adventure, one of the midshipmen | It was at such a time, and under such circumstances,

stated that he had seen the figure of a woman distinctly e game at cards, as readily to admit of the surmise, that my cousin having announced that he had some

cross the cabin at the time the light had appeared. *t they are merely a variation of that game, and strange and unaccountable circumstances to disclose

“ The next day the body was transmitted to the ok their rise from the same source.--Yours, &c. which had happened to himself, my children drew a

shore for interment, and the matter was duly investiclose circle around him, with murmurs of anxious ex

gated, when it appeared that the ur.fortunate woman pectation; and he began as follows:

was the mistress of the Danish First Lieutenant of the “I was out with the expedition which was sent to

ship; who, a little betore its capture, had thrown him

self overboard, after having, from what motive it did take the Danish fleet, in 180-; and when the ships

toc anips not appear, murdered ber, and concealed the body GHOSTS AND APPARITIONS. were in our possession, I was placed, with some other

where we tound it.” persons, in one of the prizes, to navigate her co Eng

After the sensation, which such a tale as this was land. The first night we slept on board, several of Several months since, we were favoured with the sailors heard strange noises in various parts of the rosu

calculared to excite, was a little subsided, I ventured

to surmise that the particulars wbich seemed supernafollowing communication, which has since that vessel; these were repeated on the subsequent nigbis; tural in it. might be accounted for naturally: that tbe me remained in our portfolio, awaiting a proper

and as no inquiry could fathom the cause of them, the noises which alarmed the crew might have proceeded

men believed that Davy Jones had got among them in from the rats wbich often infest ships in great numbers; asion for its introduction; when a question pro

231on for its introduction, when a question proa propria persona ; and after a little time no soul would #ed for discussion at the Debating Society brought it venture by himself alter dark, if he could possibly

and the light in the cabin might have been that of a

meteor, such as is not uncominon in our own climate, our recollection. Our readers are acquainted with

avoid it, to any of those solitary and murky recesses

y recesses but is still more frequent in higher latitudes. The

n which a large and thinly-manded ship of war con- light which had appeared to sink through the grating er opinion of ghosts and apparitions; a belief in

tains, sich we regard as alike repugnant to reason, and de

over the body, I suggested might be occasioned by the

"You are, I dare say, sufficiently aware of the cha- sulphuratted gas, which is disengaged from bodies in a Batary from the dignity and consistency of the great racter of us tars, and know that we would rather cope state of decay, and wbich most people must have obthor of nature. Under such convictions we should with a thousand material, than one immaterial foeman, served evolved from fish approximating to a state of e hesitated to give publicity to the following narra The alarm bad continued now for some time, when putrefaction: the weaker light of this tomb-fire would

one night, as we were turning in, one of the midship. have yielded to the stronger one of the lanthorn as it had not the writer attenipted, in the sequel, to

men suddenly cried, "Do you bear that?' We all advanced, and thus have seemed to vapish gradually, oapt for the mystery upon natural principles. The listened, and could plainly distinguishi, amidst the till wholly overcome by its immediate presence, The -*" ry has likewise the merit of originality; and is re hoarse murmurs of the sound, which was dashing female form, seen by one individual, I thought might *d in much better language than that in which such

| beneath the cabin windows, several noises which he attributed to fancy, particularly as it was seen by

either had, or seemed to have, in them something of a one only, and not mentioned till after the discovery of - *s are usually conveyed.- Edit. Kal.

peculiar and unearthly nature; these paused, and were a female corpse.
repeated at intervals and in a period of intermission, My kinsnian admitted the solution might be just,

during which we held our breath, and anxiously lis. but with a shake of the head significant of the cred TO THE EDITOR.

tened for their renewal, another midshipman suddenly licy of a believer, if I may be allowed the expression ; cried, 'Do you see that?' 'Clear enough' was the gene. and perceiving that he was a little of the kidney of the

ral answer; for the bulk-head formed by the projec. | monarch adverted to by a French poet, 318,-lo a critique in a late number of the Kaleidos.

tion of the rudder into the cabin, seemed all wrapped, Then it is assumed that a taste for stories of a superfor the space of a few seconds, in blue flame. This is

Charles le croyoit, car il aimait à le croire," tural tura bas long been one of the signs of the nes; how long, the writer has omitted to say, but I Pa

passing strange,' cried one; “Strange indeed,' echoed | I forbore to press the point. prehend it has never marked the taste of any parti. another; Most strange,' repeated the rest. lar tiine, but has been, at all times, naturally inter. " There was one of my companions, named H jpen in the constitution of our nature. There is, with whom I was particularly intimate, and who was deed, a species of narrative, dealing in the sensations of rather an incredulous turn of mind. He had been all cited by ghost-expectant fancy, a love for which is along particularly active in his endeavours to develope

THE YOUNG OBSERVER. culiar to our own times, and which the magic pen the cause of the noises; and he now, after musing for fiction has never been employed to gratify until our a little time, asked if any one would accompany him,

NO. I. yo days: I mean those tales which, after leading us and h: would visit every part of the ship before he cough a variety of scenes, calculated to niake us feel slept? I said, I would; though the words were scarcely ir hearts with grateful terror quelled" (to use the out of my mouth before I half repented of my aoqui. " Quicquid agunt homines, votum, timor, ira, voluptas, pressive phrase of the poet) at length, in order to escence; however, it was too late to retract, when my Gaudia, discursas, nostri farrago libelli.”-Juv. Tect a kind of compromise with the incredulus oril honour was, as it were, pledged. aur reason, conclude with solving, by natural “Every midshipman on board a man of war is pro

TO THE EDITOR. eans, all the phenomena which had at once appalled vided with a lauthorn; and each of us having trimmed 4 Sachanted our imagination through its preceding his respective light, we sallied forth on our adven- ! Sir.-Those who spend their lives in remarking the ges. This is, indeed, a species of gratification pe- turous quest, no third person being willing to bear us lians to the present sceprical and inquiring age, at company.

follies of others, do not often trouble the world with se disdaining the easy faith of the rude times that “We traversed every part of the ship in silence, / any of their own. Afraid, doubtless, of appearing

I am, Sir, yours, STLIUS.

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