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Antiquities.

The book was handed to the prelate, who indulged | against the property or lives of bis convirymen, was / of a book worm, a grub too insignificavi for notice, bimseif in a hearty laugh at the ignorauce and su- the cause of his imprisonment. As this age was which may be killed by merely a squeeze of the perstition of the family who had possession of it. very remarkable for mildness in theological mat. fure-onger and thumb, writing a history of its adAll leis arguments could not convioce them, that ibe ters, I could not have believed this report, but that ventures, is too absurd (in the present enlightened much dreaded book had not been concerned, soun. - shortly after he was led out to execution! And it age) 10 deserve a moment's attentiou. how or other, in the firing of their chimney. Their really (bad as my opinion is of the 'lords of the Your fellow-creatures, Mr. Editor, are so pufitd fears were not so easily to be allayed; they abso | creation') puzzles me to conceive, that they were so up with pride and vaio conceit, ihat if I were to Intrly refused to keep the unintelligible Horace ; very cruel as to condemo a mau to death opon such hint the possibility of a grub's beiog possessed of and the prelate was forced to accept of it, as a token pretences. Wbatever bis crime was, it is not for me reasoning faculties, and powers of speecb; if I were of their respect.

tu say; but I will veuture to assert, that he was a to assert that it can either read or write; the speer Some cynical reader is here endeavouring to con much better man than his enemies. Puor Hooper! | of contempt would soon bewrinkle, or the atare of vince himself that he is hoaxed; and that, bad I would that thou hadst been born, not a man, but a surprise would distort, the countenances of my read. really seen these tiines and personages, I should bookworm! thou wouldest then have risen to honors ers. I shall therefore continue my history, without have been more particular in my description of and prosperity; for with us, virtuve is the only, and aitempting the gigantic labour of converting the thea No doubt be thinks it very strange, that I the sufficient introduction to power, greatness, and obstinate, or of convincing the igvorant; and, as I mention a bishop, without saying one word about esteem! Hooper whilst in prison did not give way bave stated my sentiments thus freely, and shall (if his carriage or equipage. Carriage, forsooth, courto melancholy; he often amused himself with read.perinitied) continue to do so, I make little doubt teans reader! 10 those days (“tbe glorious days ing; and one day suddenly opening Horace's works, that the next bookworm or other insect that my of goud Queen Bess” I ain speaking of) the bishops he caugbt me dining off the 22. Ode, 1st bouk, readers may catcb, will, if found by one of the vul. were not whirled about in carriages and four. Her which was a favourite piece with him. He did not gar, be trodded to death; if by one of the literati, Majesty was used to go io state to the House of in a passion put an end to my existence; but ad as you term self conceited fops, as if in reveuge, bé Commons (I should rather say that she went for mired for some time the beauty of my person; and impaled, and leftto starve with a pin run through slute to the House of Commons, as about its deci. then, gently removing me, laid me in an old and use his body, to adoro a collection uf mangled insects! sious she cared not a piw; she had them completely less work, upun which I might feed to my heart's “Sucb baroc dost thou make, foul monster, man!" uoder her bumb;) seated on a pag behind her content.

Whatever the consequences may be, I shall coutinue chainberlain, whom, for the sake of security, she Some time after the much-lamented death (by me to write just as I thjuk; and it strikes me at the might chp round the waisl: and as for peers aod at least) of this worthy character, I crawled into an present moment, that after all their boasted knowprelates, ibry must either ride on borseback, or “ go old edition of Virgil, where I lay sougly concealed ledge, the lords of the creation' are sadly ignorant strumping through the mud "

for a length of time; but yothing of importance as to the habits and the nature of There are, I fear, a set of men and women now. occurred to ae. How I was transported to Oxford

A BOOKWORM. a-days who are continually ranting and canting | I need not inform you: I have ever regretted that | From my apartments in a rolume of Sermons. abuot the "good old tinies." Now, Sir, should any before I got ibere, the feuds between the Greeks and

Gallery of the Lyceum Library. of your readers, or of your readers' friends, beTrojaus ; between the Greek students and those who troubled with this disorder, I will uudertake to pre. I judge the knowledge of the Greek tongue (the sure

PS. I was grievously offended at your suffering scribe for them. If a female be affected, let her be sign of a lleretic) were unfortunately over; so that

my last to remain uupublished a whole week! pliced on a footing with her grandmother's graad | I did not enjoy the pleasure of seeing the lords of nope

Jords of Repent. mulber. Let her food be water pottage and butter- | the creation' cudgeling each other, black and blue; miik for breakfast: as for tea and coffee, let them a sight which would have been fully as gratifying to wever again be mentioned to her. For dinner, give a book worın, as the fighting of cocks and dogs, or

slice of bacon; nu sauces; vo French cooking; tbe killing of a hare, is to the vulgar; or the impaling Du mauling of wholesome food to suit a vitiated ap- of my cousin-german the spider, or of the beetle,

EGYPTIAN MUMMIES. pointe. Should put this be sufficient, let her dress is to the learned of your race. be refurined a little. There was formerly a pice During the reign of James the First, I was not of female vanity callid, I think, a stomacher, which much disturbed; but that of his son Charles was! It will perhaps not be uninteresting to inform our may be made ise of with great success, to conceal more buisteruus. You have perba pr beard of the readers, that they have at present an opportunity of those charins which are not exactly roncentrated in Sortes Virgiliane. During the troubles which bap-viewing one of the oldest and most perfect mummies in tbe face: the ankles, too, may be concealed by a pened about this time between the King and the the kingdom, which has been examined by some of the little alteration in the length of the gown. [The Parliameut (the Cavaliers and the Roundheads) the Lord

first connoisseurs in Paris and London, who, from the ladies formerly showed their faces only, as samples of King coming to Oxford, hud a miod to explore bis their beanty.) If in one week after ihe use of these fate, by the ineans of these famous Sories. I now

hierogliphics on the outer case, have pronounced it to mendicaments the invalid do oot show great signs found that my situation was rather perilous. The

be the body of the Princess of Memphis, who lived in of convalescence, her ease is hopel-s8 ; her virtue buuk was taken down froin its shelf, wiped c'eau, the reign of Sèsostris, King of Egypt, A. M. 2523 ; and her modesty are equal to those of ber ancestors; and with a dreadful bang, to drive the dust from 1491 years before Christ; being upwards of three thouzod I must give ber op in despair.

betweco the leaves, several of my companions were sand years old. This mummy was amongst the first As to the male grumblers, I scarcely know what kilied: my good luck, however, still preserved me. that was brought to Europe: it formerly composed a part to say about them. I had some thoughts of recom With an aching heart and trembling limbs (do not of the magnificent museum belonging to the celebrated mending a well starcbed beard, of about half a ya d be surprised w hear that so contemptible an animal

Cardinal Mazarine, ministar to Louis XIV.; at wbosc in length, and a ruse for the neck, as much in has both heart and limbs) I awaited the event. I diameter. To one of those characters, however, secured for myself a nest in the binding, in which I

| death the museum being left to a distant relation, it was who live in the constant p

al practice of so far depying I could at once be out of danger and coolá vet see all | by him sold to Monsieur COURCIUS, the uncle of the themselves as to be screwed up in a pair of stays; or that passed. The attendants of ihe King looked as present proprietor Madame Tussaud, and well knownas who restrain the idle glances of a lascivious eye, by grave, and appeared to frel as mnch anxiety as to being one of the first modelers of his day. When it firmly fixing the head in one unalterable position; the result, as they afterwards did rpon wbat you first arrived in London, it was examined by several of such punishments would be made but light of. will perhaps think more scrious occasions. The

the committee of the British Museum, who were emThere was formerly a custom of repeating a prayer | monarch advanced, and laid a trembling hand upon night and morning, as well as before and after meals, the bouk, which for some time he bositaled to open.

powered to purchase it for that institution, for which which seems to be now nearly obsolete. I should His face was wriukled by care; but the traces of a

purpose they offered the sum of eight hundred pounds; think this good old custom might be enforced with mild, and, not withstanding existing prejudices, 1 but the proprietor knowing that it was the only perfect every prospect of success;-but I am rambling will ado, ad amiable disposition were visible; and mummy that ever traveled in England, declined partfrom my story. The experience of old age is but he seemed to have no manner of doubt as to the ve- ling with it; since which, it has been examined by the too generally accompanied by its much-hated garru. racity of the information he should obtain. After

gentlemen of Cambridge, who universally allowed it lity; a malady by no means peculiar to bookworms much hrsitation he opereil the work and road aloud

to be superior to any they bad in their muscums, It was not very probable that a character so vir. the possage that first caught his eye. The exact

As the Egyptiaa mode of enibalming their illustrious 1110119, so very different from the mass of his fellow- sentence I have forgottco; but the palcese of the min, as was Hooper, should long be suffered to monarch's countenance; the quivering of his lips : dead may not be generally known to our numerous remain in quiet. Jo a very short time after I got the glances which his courtiers interchanged, assured readers, we trust the following will not be uninterest. into his possession he found himself in a dungeon, ine that he had found but too faithful an omen of ing. When a person died, the body was carried to the whither I accompanied him, which, as I learnt, was his future miseries!

artificers, whose trade it was to make coffins. They very extraordinary, as it was not allowed to prisoners I must once more be perunitted to interrupt the

I took the measure of the body, and made a coffin for ir, always to have books. What his crime was I was thread of iny narrative, lo remark, that I have no never able to learn; I did indeed hear it said, that I doubt some one or other, if not one and all, of your

proportionate to its stature, the dead person's qualitya his fusing to pray in a wbite garment: to wear readers will protest against my proceeding any fur.

L and the price the people were willing to pay. The the habiliments of a bishop'; and not any crime I ther. They will per baps affirm, that the very idea upper part of the colón represented the person who

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was to be shut up in it, whether man or woman. If a tries, in which they were encouraged by their husbands. | under the command of Colonell Sir John Seaton, thie person of condition, this was distinguished by the These women, in their expostulation upon his rebuke, tell.

il noble and religious Knight, espe ially of his taking in

I the towne of Preston, in that county, which was thus figure which was represented on the corner of the him, “ Did we make her cakes to worship her?” Jer. | Upon Munday, the tenth of February, 1649 coffio. There were generally added, paintings and xliv. 18, vii. 18. Small loaves of bread, peculiar in be 1642-3) Sir John Seaton, Major-General of the embellishments, suitable to the quality of the person. their form, being long and sharp at both ends, are called

care called | Parliaments forces in Lancashire, marched from Mas.

chester, attended with Serjeant-Major Sparrow, ColoWhen the body was brought home again, they agreed Buns; and we now only retain the name and form of

Inell Holland, Captain Booth, Serjeant Major Birch, with the embalmers at what rate they would bave it the Buns; the sacred uses are no more. The Cross and with them three foot companies, and as many embalmed; for the prices were different. The highest Buns, and Saffron Cakes in Passion Week, being for from Boulton: all these came to Blackburn upon the was a talent of silver, estimated at £258 6s, 8d. or, as merly unleavened, had a retrospect to the unleavened Tuesday night to

ned | Tuesday night following, and thence they marched

| along, and with them four or five companies of Black. others say, about £300 : twenty minae was a mode- bread of the Jews, in the same manner as Lamb at

burn Hundred, under the command of Nowel, of rate one: and the lowest price was a very small sum. Easter, to the Pascal Lamb. It was, and still is, the Mearkley, and some other Captains, who all the They immediately sent for a designer, who marked the popular belief in many parts of England, that if the march:d cowards Preston, together with neer about

cwo thousand club-men. body, on the left side, together with the length of the sun shine on Easter-day it shines on Whitsunday also•

Their march that night wu

tedious unto them, especially to many who had marche incision, as it lay extended at the place where it should A singular custom formerly prevailed among the vulgar'

ed the day and night before ; but yet, to accommodate be opened. A dissector, with a very sharp Ethiopian of rising early on Easter-day, and walking into the fields them therein, the Lord gave them a fair night to travel scone, having made che incision, burried away as fast as to see the sun dance, which, as ancient tradition asserts,

in, such as had not been in many before ; this they

I justly took for a mercy of God unto them. So thu he could, because the relations of the person deceased it always does on that day. This is alluded to in an old ||

being now come to Preston that Wednesday night, took up stones and pursued him, with an intention to ballad, of 1667:

the next morning they prepared, most couragecany, stone him, as a wicked wretch. The embalmers,

“She dances such a way!

and set upon the towne, which was well fortified with who were looked upon as sacred persons, now entered

No Sun upon an Easter-day

brick wails, both outer and inner. Our men (bet esse

cially the three companies from Manchester) akasked to perform their office: they drew all the brains of

Is half so fine a sight."

the town with admirable resolution. Capício Berch the dead person through the nostrils, with a hooked

was the first man who bravely scaled the walk; and piece of iron, provided particularly for tbis purpose,

being up, · Bad his men either follow him or gür bir

up;' which words put such spirit into his soldiers, and filled the skull with astringent drugs; they like

that they, forgetting any care of their lives and safety, wise drew all the bowels, except the heart and kidneys,

followed him close, and much brave strife there wa through the aperture made in the side; the intestines

twixt Captain Booths and Colonell Hollands compo were washed in wine made from the palm tree, and in

nies, which of them should first have entrance: bet

Captain Booth, as I said, got the precedence thered other strong and binding drugs. The whole body was

The garrison fought it stoutly, and kept their imar anpointed with oil of cedar, after having been filled

workes with push of pike; and the breach, also, they with myrrh, cinnamon, and other spices, for about

bravely defended with their swords for awhile. The thirty days, so that it was preserved entire, not only

Major-Generall, Sir John Seaton, bebaved bimelt

mosc bravely at the end of the Churcb-streel, where without putrefaction, but a good scent with it. After

an entry was also made, and our men beat them most this, the body was put into salt for forty days: where

resolutely from their centries, and from the steeple. fore, when Moses says that forty days were employed

“ Thus they continued fighting for the space of very in embalming Jacob, we are to understand him as

NOTES

neer two hours, and by that time our men, with invis

cible courage, became masters of the town, There meaning the forty days of his continuing in salt of nitre, TO THE “ BRIEF JOURNAL OF THE SIEGE)

were divers slain on their side in the assault ; and I without including the thirty days past in performing

OF LATHOM HOUSE,”

men must have been singled out (of set purpose) i the other ceremonies above mentioned ; so that, in the which appeared in three Numbers of our present

the slaughter, yea, the Manchesterians tbeniseites

could scarcely have picked out fitter men (if thef whole, they mourned seventy days in Egypt, as Moses

Volume ; see pages 145, 153, and 169.

would any) for the sword, than those which were slaine likewise observes. Afterwards the body was taken

in the fight; namely, the Major (Mayor) of Prestut', out of the salt, washed, wrapped in linen swaddling

by name Mr. Adam Morte (a man resolute eren ? [Continued from pages 341 and 347 of our present volume.]

desperatepesse in the cause be stood for, wb bu bands, dipped in myrrh, and rubbed with certain gums,

oftentimes been heard to say, and swear too, he word which the Egyptians used instead of glue. Then, the

fire the towne ere he would give it up, and begin fra body was restored to the relations, who put it in a

(7.) I must beg the reader to go back to the para- his own house,) who fighting most desperately,

graph wherein “his Lordship, unhappily called to having killed one of the Colonels men in the c! coffin, and kept it in their house, or in a tomb made

crush the thriving sedition in Cheshire, withdrew his with oush of bike in particularly for the purpose.

| with push of pike, instantly after lost his own litt horse into that county." I should have left Halsall lit. together with his son also a bold and descens The mummy above mentioned has been exposed to to speak for himself on this subject, had I not observed,

| young malignant. Sir Gilbert Houghtons brother, the air for nearly fifty years, during which it has re- in Mr. Ormerod's Cheshire, that “Lord Derby, after I can

erby, atter Captain of their borse, and a desperate papist, 9233

| a doubtful conflict with the Parliament Commissioners, 1 slaine. ceived very little injury. The wood of which the coffin

Serieant Major Purvey (lately come he at Chowbent (Dec. 2, 1642) marched through Leigh, | Ireland. having been a rebell there in that barbaro is made. is cedar, which resists time better than any &c.” into Cheshire. Now, on the 16th Dec. 1642, the massacre) a wicked wretch and desperate paper other : and is now as perfect as possible, considering | array and the Roundheads had a battle upon Hough-Doctor Westleya physician and desperate papist, toge the immense time it has been made.

ton Common, which lasted upwards of three hours. I ther with two or three Lieutenants, and some ODEO In the midst of this, the magazine of the Presbyterians of quality were

of quality were likewise slain. Very many were : **

blowing up, they sounded a parley, and surrendered tally wounded: Sir Gilbert Houghton, himself, escape their arms and liberties; three Captains and one hun.

| by flight to Wigham, Wigan) Captain Farrugia ORIGIN OF GOOD FRIDAY CROSS BUXS.

dred and sixty soldiers being taken. " The first and land &
foulest b

"I and Captain Preston were taken prisoners, and a ve ne in this kind in the coun

| Mr. Anderton, of Clayton, (their great Popish.com an humbling blow and lasting warning."-See Angier:) The Good Friday bun is derived from the sacred cakes | The Manchester people, immediately upon this, fall to | George Talbot, (Sir John Talbots son) Mr. Ke

mander) was also taken prisoner, together with · which were offered at the Arkite Temple, stiled boun, | their usual fasts, and being assoilzied, march forth; Fleetwood, Mr. Blundell, Mr. Abbot, Mr. Marsi and is constantly marked with the form of the cross.

upon which Lord Derby leaves a projected attack upon two Thomas Haughtons, Captain Haughton (SITUS

Bolcon; and hastening to Warrington, there joins Lord The offerings, which people in ancient times used to

berts nephew) all men of quality, Ralph Sharma Cholmondley, and with him proceeds to Chesbire, to John Hilton, and above two hundred others of mes present to the Gods, were generally purchased at the surprise the militia under the command of Mr. M

condition; but Mr. Townley, of Townley, very bater? entrance of the temple: especially every species of con- / waring, of Kermincham. The design was frustrated. Lescaped b' Aiche secrated bread, which was denominated accordingly. Seaton, who commanded the Presbyterians, was a man

"The Lady Haughton, the Lady Girlingtes well skilled in the art of war, and had been sent down One species of sacred bread was called Boun, from the

Mrs. Townley, wives co the prime malignants of Down, trom the from London to reside in Manchester, and direct the Greek. This, according to Hesychius, was a kind of cake efforts of a rude but zealous yeomanry. His first | Jireh. 7. 269.

county, were also taken as prizes."-Vicars Jeteer with a representation of two horns, and was made of fine measure or the offensive was the attack upon Preston,

which I proceed to describe in the words of Vicars, # Tuis style of writing can only be excused by reite ! four and honey. It is very singular to remark, that most

(Jehovah-Jireh.) The club-men here mentioned, are | the times, and the author, Vicars, whose sources of the of the vulgar customs and ceremonies, which now prevail the undisciplined peasantry, and not of that description

are given in Hudibras. in many parts of England and elsewhere, were bor- of neutral associators who some years afterwards made rowed from the ancients. The Prophet Jeremiah notices their appearance in Wiltshire.

! " About the 10th of February also, came most cer- A Roman padlock made of iron, in excellent pas this kind of offering, when he is speaking of the Jewishrain in

medewisa tain information by letters out of Lancashire, of the vation, inscribed L EG, XX. was found lately des women at Pathros, in Egypt, and of their base idola-bappy successe of the Parliaments forces in those parts, site of the Roman altar, at Boughton, near Cheta.

gave us in t

y

Natural History.

| him, he fears not to pronounce it most alluring. Of evil. The candles have, I verily believe, occupied,

the heavens and the sea, though we ought to wonder in turn, every corner of the apartment, but they are

that we know so much, we are sure to lament that we inveterate they still run. So that calmly resiguing Natural Curiosity.-- The Lady Balcarras East India

know no more; whilst mineralogy and botany present man, lately arrived from Madras, has brought home

themselves to fate, my old ladies were obliged to a serpent alive, twenty-eight feet in length, and fourteen | little inviting to the learner, and appear a mere muster

contented themselves with sedulously scraping off the inches in diameter. It may be approached with perfect roll of names

hateful exuberance as quickly as it appeared. This safety, and is said not to be venomous. Its food is a

was their only resource, until last night when they

But the study I am now recommending teenis with had a notable bons live fowl once a month!

had a notable housewife to tea, who ou heariog of delight. The ornithologist listens with greater satis- the unfortunate propensity, promised an immediate Singular Fact.As James Johnson, peatman, was faction to the notes of the feathered choir, thar

faction to the notes of the feathered choir, than he remedy. This promise lighted up the hard fealately leveling moss on the estate of Sir Robert Grier the estate of Sir Robert Grier

who is unacquainted with these denizens of air; and

who is unacquainted with these denizens of air; and tures of the old ladies into a long forgotten smile, son, of Rockall, about three miles from Dumfries, he his pleasures are easily procured, since he can scarcely and excited some interest in me as an ex peperiment turned up the body of a pretty large adder, which he

Well, the candles were produced, and as usual they had fairly decapitated before he was aware. This cir- take a ramble that will not afford him amusement. If

ran, when Mrs. Notable, with unexampled cruelty, cumstance exciting a suspicion that there were more he stroll along the beach, the numerous tribes of sea

seizing a pin, inflicted a dreadful wound through adders near the same spot, he dug a little deeper, when, birds arrest his notice; the guil is plying her unwearied ihe very body of the pale innocent. Whatever was at about eight inches below the surface, he lighted upon

wing, the lapwing circles around his head, and the wilda whole encampment of those noxious animals. In

The cause, the effect certainly was that the candle marricular, he took out no fewer than 40 adders, which duck buffets against the wave. Should he prefer the ceased to run until it had burnt down to the wound, he placed in a box, and exhibited as a natural curiosity. lone and shady lane, there the hedge-sparrow and yellow when it was repeated about an inch lower. I shall Nineteen of these appeared to be full grown, and meahammer precede his path, the timid white-throat endea.

be happy to have an explanation of this phenomesured from 18 inches to two feet; but in a short time

non, as I must call it, from any of your readers, vours to evade his sigbt, and the goldfinch salutes him they had all died excepting two, although these were suf

and beg leave to remajn, ficiently vivacious, and placed themselves in an attitude with ber song; or does he range the park or forest,

Yours truly, of defence the moment they were molested. But what there his attention is occupied

there his attention is occupied in observing the rook je still more surprising, in the same hole there were and the heron constructing their pests on trees that

SIMON SENSITIVE, formd 10 toads, and an amazing number of small brown lizards, of the species well known in Scotland by the

Scotland by the have sheltered their race for years. name of the Ask. This last is quite a novel fact, al-| Nor is ornithology less suited to the closet, or want.

TO THE EDITOR. though its authenticity can be established beyond the ling in valuable authors. It was this study which the possibility of doubt. In this country it is no uncommon

learned and pious Willoughby enriched with a work SIR, -The extract given in your last Kalcidoscope thing to dig up adders, even of a larger size than any of those nientioned above; but we never heard of such that has rendered the path comparatively smooth to from Valerius, respecting the barbarities of the gladia number being found in one hole, and in such strange his numerous followers, of whom Pennant has been atorial arenæ, reminds me of a passage in Forsyth's company. The adder, the toad, and the ask, are all

the most successful among our countrymen, and the Italy, a transcription of which accompanies this note. cold blooded reptiles, which become torpid when exposed to a low temperature: but their habits in other

illustrious Buffon among those who have appeared in I beg leave just to remark on Forsyth's attempt to conrespects are widely different; and how they happened other lands. I remain, Mr. Editor,

trovert the principle, that the truly brave are never to gather themselves to the same spot, and outsleep the

Yours, &c. cruel. In the early and bravest ages of Roman history, winter, apparently in such good fellowship, is a point which we leave to be solved by the proficients in natu

we did not hear of the bloody combats of the amphi

PYRUS. ral history. It has been remarked by some of these

theatre, which only sprung up in the days of degene . learned men, that so long as reptiles of this kind are

racy, when tyranny and luxury, combining their banecinfined to a degree of heat inferior to 40 degrees, they

MY DEAR KALEIDOSCOPE,

ful energies, equally enervated the body and the mind; will remain dormant and healthy, for an unlimited

making the effeminate Roman look with a species of time. Spalanzani kept frogs, lizards, and snakes in I have a high opinion of your talents, and an unthis state, in an ice-house, three years and a half, and feigned admiration of the wonderful extent and

fearful delight on scenes of blood which would have they readily revived when restored to a warm atmos- diversity of your editorial jurisdiction, seeing that

been fearlessly participated in by his more bardy anphere. This wonderful peculiarity may help to explain

it extends from the preservation of sinking mariners cestor. the anomaly of living toads being so often found alive

(page 150) down to the preservation of antiquated in the heart of solid rocks, and of trees which had reained them in their cavitics, till every vestige of a eggs; and from the founce of a robe, or the position “ Every nation has undergone its revolution of vices; sevice had grown up around them.--Dumfries Courier. of a feather, up to the prediction of an eclipse, (73) and, as cruelty is not the present vice of ours, we can or the announcement of a comet.

all humanelyexecrate the purpose of amphitheatres, now Finding your attention directed to sach a number

that they lie in ruins. Moralists may tell us, that the

truly brave are never cruel; but this monument says, Correspondence. of objects, I am tempted to think, that my petty

"No!" Here sat the conquerors of the world, cooly miseries may not be totally beneath your notice;

to enjoy the tortures and death of men who had never inore particularly so as you have admitted the offended them. Two aqueducts were scarcely sufficient THE YOUNG OBSERVER.

complaints of bashful lovers (73) and dwarf gal to wash off the human blood which a few hours' sport

layıs (143.) You must know, my dear Kali, that shed in these imperial shanibles. Twice in one day NO. VI.

I am unfortunately domiciliated with two elderly came the senators and matrons of Rome to the bui.

ladies, whose charms having been most unaccount. chery: a virgin always gave the signal for slaughter; TO THE EDITOR, ably overlooked by our sex, their uodivided attention

and when glutted with bloodshed, those ladies sat down, cau be (and to my sorrow is) directed to the minutis

in the wet and steaming arena, to a luxurious supper." - SIR, -Among the many and various recreations pe of what is called good housewifery. To instance ullar to the country, the study of Natural History some of my manifold grievances : however cold the

TO THE EDITOR.
leservedly bolds the highest rank. Men, immersed day and however bad the fire, I dare not stir it under
a the pleasures or business of a town, little know the

the penalty of being tormented by the infernal music
produced by sweeping up the hearth, as the least

SIR, It may concern your fair readers to be aclelights tbat nature affords; they may read or dis

partiele of cinder is not permitted to appear out of quainted with the following remarkable note, taken from course of her charms, and on some Sunday afternoon due bouods, even for a moment. Again, if after a manuscript in the Harleian Library, which appeared nay cake a cursory view of them, but how inferior dinner the least drop of wine escape from the in British Magazine for May, 1819; and if you deem it ire their sensations to those felt by her votory, to glass to the table, I am to be annoyed by at least worth insertion it is at your service.

K. whom every object is interesting, for whom she dresses iwenty minutes bard rubbing. But the most fre

Liverpool, May 10, 1821. herself in a thousand forms, and is pleasing in all!

quent source of altercation is the candles; in the No study can be more engaging or more instructive

first place, they must be posited according to some
law unknown to me, but fixed as those of the Medes

“ By the civil law, whatsoever is given ex sponsatalia ban this; the mind, however, feeling its inability to

and Persians, although it would most frequently be largitate betwixt them that are promised in marriage, ittain all the knowledge at which it aims, most com more convenient to have them together. Again, hath a condition (for the most part silent) that it may monly selects some one particular branch of it, which my poor candles are eterually blamed and tortured be had again, if marriage ensues not. But if the man seems more easy and inviting than the rest, and to that for an inveterate propensity they have to shed the should have had a kiss for his money, he should lose adheres until its desires are satisfied. tallow from their summits ju fanciful wreaths, form

one half of that which he gave. Yet with the woman it It was thus ornithology became the favourite amuse. ing an elegant opposite to the tutings of an Tonic column. This appears to me a very tasteful orna.

is otherwise : for, kissing or not kissing, whatsoever she nent of the writer, who is about to devote the re

I ment, althougb the source of woes innumerable" | gave she may ask and have it again ; however, this exmainder of his paper to its recommendation and praise. to my venerable Tabithas, who have really amused | tends only to gloves, rings, bra celets, and such like And though, perhaps, partiality may somewhat sway me by the variety of their expedients to reinedy this smallwares."

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PARENTAL DUTIES.

oblige by assigning this paper a corner in your next As the subject is not very amusing, we shall only take Kaleidoscope.

one sentence of his letter indiscriminately, which is TO THE EDITOR. The subj ct will doubtless be a sufficient apology for

as follows:-“You mention, that the anecdote of Cor.

poration Oratory was again (1) put in at the request the incrusion.

Yours, &c.

of the Toxteth Park Corporation. Whether you state SIR,_Ought not a parent to bestow the same indul

P. Z this ironically or not is indifferent; but surely the gence, the same encouragement, and the same correc

tase of your readers ought to be gratified before your tion on one child as on another? Your answer, I

own or any (2) corporate body."

ELOCUTION. think, will be in the affirmative. Every reflecting

(1) A critic ought to quote correctly: we did not say man will acknowledge how necessary it is to maintain

MR. PUTNAM'S READINGS AND RECITATIONS,

that the anecdote about Corporation Oratory was "put a strict impartiality of conduct towards children of

· At Mr. Paris's Rooms, Hardman-street.

in; our phrase was " recorded."

(2) In the last sentence which we have quoted, there is one family; and yet there are those, who, forgetful, or Theo

The ability to read well we conceive to be one of the a grammatical slip for which a critic can make no er. otherwise regardless of the duty imposed upon them most agreeable and useful accomplishments of either cuse. Instead of your own or any other corporate as parents, suffer their affections to be biased in such sex. Many of the acquirements of young persons in body," the sentence should have been "Your own, er a manner as is altogether incompatible with nature. polite life may be of a more dazzling kind; and we | that of any corporate body"_" cum multis aliis."

hope we can fully estimate the beauties of a good paint. The mode in which CANDIDUS notices our spelling It is with no trifling regret that I say, several in

ing, and the witchery of good music ; but there are the word traveler, which he attributes to carelessness stances of this unwarrantable conduct have come seasons when the former cannot be gazed upon, and or something worse, shows that he has paid no attedwithin my observation. I have seen men, or to speak when the latter cannot with propriety be enjoyed. Not tion to the discussion which has been going on upon more truly, I ought rather to say, beings aspiring to

so the charms of reading and conversation: under what. that very subject; and we shall for the present take

ever circumstances leisure may afford the opportunity, leave of CANDIDUS, by calling his attention to the the title of men, and professing to have good sense, in

these are available to the employment of the mind, and following note to another correspondent; after adding, the presence of their own children, enter into the the pleasure of the heart. Whether in the moments of that if we have done injustice to his motives, or gira most extravagant comparisons of their persons and hilarity, or of sober inquiry; in the cheerfulness of the him any unnecessary uneasiness, we crave his parte. properties. One has been smiled upon, dandled on

merry evening, or the seriousness of the sabbath ; in the

hours of triumphant joy, or of deep and mournful sadthe knee with the greatest fondness, and called a pet ness; the well-chosen and well-read pages of the satirist

ORTHOGRAPHICAL INNOVATIONS.- Our Correspon.

dent Benvolio does not do us justice in supposing and a dear, held up to company as a paragon of beauty, or the philosopher; the dramatist or the moralist; the

that we have made our minds up about spelling with and as a consummate pattern of all sublunary excel-poet or the evangelist, will elevate the mind, and respec

the single l such words as travelet, &c. to the exclusin tively excite, moderate, or console the feelings of the lence; whilst another, less fortunate, has bad to en

of any remonstrance or reasoning on the subject. On sentimental, the giddy, or the afflicted.

the contrary, we have before informed him, that * counter the discouraging frown, the harsh un qualified The stage is generally, and indeed very properly,

never relished the innovation ; neither are we get to language of disgust, and bas been ordered to retreat considered the school of correct pronunciation, and the

conciled to its appearance. We must say, however, from the presence of its natural guardian, without best standard of elocutory perfection; but the regular

that spelling ought not to be matter of feeling; and theatre is not always open, and it may be, that only the any other reason being assigned than that of dislike!

we are forced to confess that the reasoning in defence principal performers are quite correct in the sound and

of the single 1, is much more cogent than that advanced And why this dislike? Because, in the opinion of the sense, the accent and the emphasis, of the author. in favour of retaining the two liquids. The letter its loving parent, it was not so emineotly gifted with We know, too, that there are thousands of families

of BENVOLIO shall appear, together with that of a "whom taste or religious opinions, prevent from attend. personal qualifications, with benignity of disposition,

opponent, A, B, C. The reason we decline giring personal quanucacions, with beagasy obisposition, ing dramatic representations. On these accounts we

them this week, is that we wish to diversify our as or sprightliness of intellect. Most noble, most em- | conceive the readings and recitations of Mr. Putnam

lumns as much as possible; and not to introduce to phacic reasons! How becoming the province of a to be particularly worthy of notice. Numbers of the

many subjects of a grave nature into the same publibest educated persons have some faults of dialect, parent!

cation. The letters on Orthography may be usetul; arising either from provincialism or unchecked error Characters like these ought ever to remember, that in tuition. It is one of Mr. Putnam's objects to correct

but they happen not to be very entertaining. they were the voluntary propagators of all those imper- these by private instruction, and he cannot better prove

ORMSKIRK ANECDOTES.--An Ormskirk Correspagfections of which they complain ; and, therefore, ought his qualification for the task, and for the formation of an elegant style in his pupils, than by public readings

dent's communication is of too local a nature to it rather to commiserate, than indulge in reproach. For and recitations in which the pleasing results of his at.

terest.our readers in general; and his object as regards my own part I conceive anything but good consequences tention to these points are fully and perfectly developed.

bis immediate neighbours, may perhaps be answered

by our statement that it relates to a young Dandy to be the result of such conduct. By caressing one! We have said thus much on the utility of Mr. Putand neglecting the other, we may expect the neglected nams labour's ; but we must not leave unnoticed nor un.

Æsculapius converted to a Footman in livery; a betecommended the amusement to be derived from his read.

morphose of which our Correspondent highly approves, to become jealous and revengetul: instead of brotherly | ings. His selections are such as to form a sumptuous

as the latter calling is better adapted than the former, love, we may expect envy and malignity; and in the least of reason.” In his dissertations on men and man

for the capacity of the party. We hope the object of

REPROVER will be accomplished by this hint, ab place of filial attachment, we must look for hatred ners, he instructs, reprehends, and eulogizes, with effec

tual gravity ; in his advice to ladies, in his humorous and revolt, with a train of other diabolical feelings

though we are ourselves of course ignorant of be narratives, and poetical effusions of wit and genius, he

allusion and its application. equally baneful in their effects. Whilst, on the other stirs up the laughter of his auditors in despite of all re. band, the child caressed and encouraged in all its propen- sistance: while, in the simple but affecting story of A CONSTANT READER suggests that it would be sities, whether good or bad, will be apt to fancy itself inill be aot to fancy itself in. distress, he draws forth the involuntary sigh; and, con

agreeable to himself, and he doubts not to our readers trasting the reality of our situation with the sombre

in general, if we were to announce in each number capable of doing wrong; and cae probable consequence | picture of fancied woe, makes us feel, indeed, what

the Kaleidoscope, what articles the public might ex. will be, that it may be led to commit crimes, of which, Montgomery has attempted to describe the extatic

pect to find in the succeeding number. We have do

objection to such announcement, except this, that “joy of grief !” bereafter, it will have the greatest occasion to repent :

not always practicable to ascertain precisely the and be assured, Mr. Editor, when that repentance is

contents of our next publication. Independently a effected, the too indulgent parent will not escape the

To Correspondents.

original communications which are received during reproach of his unfortunate child.

the week, there are many reasons which constantly

influence us to make changes in our preconcerte But supposing this picture to be too highly coloured, A second letter we have before us from CANDIDUS in

arrangement. without doubt this is not the way to ensure reverence

clines us to think more favourably of his motives, and esteem. To accomplish such a purpose, it is abso° but has effected no change in the estimate we have | The journal supplied by S is somewhat too vulgar fæ lutely necessary that a parent should point out the formed of his critical talents. A critic ought to be the taste of our readers.

competent to do more than merely state, “that such course children should pursue; that be should correct

a composition is dull, another ridiculous, and a third / We have further to notice X. L. D.-AN OLD COEthem when wrong, and encourage chem when right, and destitute of merit;" &c. &c. It is his duty to assign RESPONDENT-C. M. H.-TRIANGLE. tbis ought to be done without regard to beauty or de some reason for his thus pronouncing judgment. The formity, or in more comprehensive words, without tone adopted through his letter very ill assimilated | The Continuation of Walks in Derbyshire in our Dest

with his assumed name, CANDIDUS; and the impresprejudice or spleen. I have written these brief re

sion on our minds was, that he and we had, on some

Want of room necessarily excludes the present publica marks in the hope of arresting the attention of that former occasion, chanced to differ in opinion about

cation of several intended articles, amongst which are part of your readers who are entrusted with the care the merits of some of his own poetry. Whether this

the letter on British Coins-PHILO-RABELAIS of children. They will, at least, serve to remind the

be the case or not, we shall in compliance with his

INCONXU.

own request, proceed to point out a few of his literary parent of his duty; and if they should happen to come

slips; which may serve to show that, as we before

literary Nauticus in our next-VERITAS is received. ithin the reach of those against whom they are di- ventured to hint, he does not belong to the privileged rected, my wisb is, that they may be applied in such a class to which the poet alludes, in the line,

Printed, published, and sold by E. SMITR and Co manger' as to produce a speedy reformation. You will “And censure frecly, who have written well.

54, Lord-street, Liverpool.

Literary and Scientific Mirror....

- "UTILE DULCI."

This familiar Miscellany, from which religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles ; comprehending Literature

Criticism, Men and Manners, Amusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Natura
History, Monthly Diary, Fashions, &c. &c.; forming a handsome Annual Volume, with an Index and Title-page.-- Regular supplies are forwarded to the following
AGENTS.
Chester-R. Taylor

| Hanley-T. Allbut; i Manchester-Miss Richardsons ; | Preston--P. Whittle; I St. Helen's Edw. Glover;
Chorley-T. Parker;
Huddersfield-T. Sınart; • J. Fletcher; and T. Sowler; Rochdale-J. Hartley;

Stockport-J. Dawson; Blaster-T. Rogerson; Congleton-). Parsons;

Hull-J. Perkins;

Nerucastle-U.-L.-C. Chester; Runcorn-Mrs. Harrison; Wakefield-R. Hurst; Bolleg-J. Kell, or ). Brandwood; Dublin-W. Baker; J. P. Power Lancaster-G. Bentham ; Northzcich ). Kent;

Sheffield-T. Orton;

Wurrington-J. Harrison; Bradford-. Stanfield; and Mrs. Broadhurst; Lzeds-B. Dewhirst;

Ormskirk-W. Garside;

Shrewsbury-C. Hulbert; Wigan-w.and Lyon; Bury–J. Kay; | Halifax-R. Simpson; Macclesfield-P. Hall; Presul-A. Ducker;

Stoke-R. Č. Tomkinsnn; Ditto-J. Brown.

No. 47.—New Series.

TUESDAY, MAY 22, 1821.

Price 3 d.

OF

şivil s alphabet. But, alas ! makes a people nohla and

The Philanthropist. | strument of averting. The statement made temple of chastity and beauty, the fairęst,

by your worthy Sheriff early in this even the purest, and the loveliest, in which vebSPEECH

ing has but too much truth in it. Let any tal spirits nursed the flame of Heaven. Such

one reflect, who has traversed the streets of are the blessings this charity may conferCOUNSEL LOR PHILLIPS,

this immense metropolis, how many he has such are the calamities it may be the inAT THE LAST ANNUAL DINNER OF THE LONDON

met, even in his daily progress, who seem to strument of averting. Many a breaking ORPHAN ASYLUM.

have been apprenticed from their very in-heart will bless it upon earth many a soul

fancy to crime-the peach:down of inno- redeemed will hallow it hereafter; the Mr. Phillips, having been called upon cence scarcely faded from their cheeks, wounded soldier will think upon his orphan by the Royal Chairman, the Duke of Sus- the mysteries of crime familiar to their and bless it ere he dies, and the last tear kex, rose amidst general cheering. He felt, memories! Unfortunate wretches, whom which dims the eye of virtuous misfortune, he said, after the call which had been so the very cradle seems to have heaved into will be illumined and exhaled by the ray unexpectedly, and indeed unnecessarily a frightful and almost miraculous maturity of of its consolation. Happy are they to whom made on him, that it was quite impossible vice! And yet perhaps, though now the heirs fortune gives this luxury of benevolence ! 20t to say a few words in obedience to it. of shame, the foundlings of the scaffold, they happy and proud and glorious is the coun. " The call, however," continued Mr. Phil- might have crowned manhood's virtue with try, in which inclination thus anticipates ips, “ has been most unnecessary, for it is the reverence of age, had they been taught ability; in which charity at the same time mpossible, in my mind, to add any thing to lisp even religion's alphabet. But, alas ! makes a people noble, and gives the noble o the lucid statements of the Royal Perso- their heads were pillowed on a parent's a durable popularity; in which the mer. lage who fills the chair-statements most grave, and there was no light to guide them chants have been said to be Princes, and :loquently made and powerfully aided, if in the desert of their orphanage! Let any in which we see to-night that the Princes, uid they wanted, by the influence of his man reflect on his hours of relaxation, how amid the pageantries of rank, require no Kample. However, Sir, on such a subject, mirth has been clouded, and amusement monitor to remind them of humanity. This, Silence would be almost criminal. It is overcast, by the melancholy spectacles he in my mind, is the peculiar glory of our itterly impossible to peruse the records of has been compelled to witness! How the country; and if I wished to-morrow to bis noble institution without being filled shadow of what once was health and youth | diplay her to the foreigner, I would not turn with admiration at its benevolence. To and loveliness, has fitted athwart him, like a him to her crowded harbours, to her gar. shelter those who are without a home-to spectre risen from the tomb of Virtue! How den landscape, to her proud metropolis, to cherish those who are without a parent-his spirit has been bowed down-how his her countless marts of opulence and cemto protect the innocence which can have heart has been aiicted, as he saw before merce. I would not unfurl for him her known no crime-to rescue misfortune from him the gaudy ruin of life's noblest orna. trophied flag, or unrol even the immortal the temptations which surround it to sub-ment, woman ; in her purity the world's pa charters of our liberties. No; but I would stitute education for ignorance, morality ragon, in her clepravity its shame and degra. lead him to institutions such as this; I for vice, and religion for infidelity—these dation—the bane or the blessing of civilized would show him the Monarch's brother, are its objects, and they are objects of society—the charm of man's existence or enlisting the people in the service of pbilan. which every creed and every party and its curse-without any modification, either thropy. I would show him her missionaries every “human form that wears a heart” almost an angel, or a fiend! And yet, that at the tropic and the pole ; her Samaritan must ünite in the admiration. Its positive hapless outcast, if her infancy had known benevolence, pouring its oil upon the wounds advantages are too obvious to be overlook. a moral guardian, might have been the cen. of the sufferer; her hereditary Howards, ed, and yet perhaps they are not manifested tre of her domestic paradise, diffusing light Buxtons, and her Frys, holding their for. $0 clearly in the benefits conferred as in and joy and luxury around it the lover's tunes, but as the trustees of misery; her the evils which it may have been the in- happiness, the infant's guide-the living | sun-like charity that knows no horizon,

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