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of Naples, and to draw a comparison between that place | &c. Knowing that her Majesty planned a very exten- | barges from Liverpool can come into it at and Messina unfavourable to the latter, her Majesty | sive tour, I would most gladly have joined her in the low water. quickly told me she differed from me. I was not Osrick | humblest capacity, and nothing but the uncertainty as 1.

Its whole length is nearly thirty rafficient to affirm it was indifferently cold and very to the future prevented me tendering my services.

miles. sultry in the same breath, therefore was rude enough to Here, as at other places, her Majesty received the visits

ere, as at other places, her Majesty received the visits Another Herculean undertaking, but of differ with a lady, and with royalty too. The Consul of the Grandees; I regretted, however, extremely, that immensely greater magnitude, was begun warned the subject by remarking to her Majesty, that I the wife of England's heir apparent should be travelling by the same distinguished engineer, who bad lately travelled through France. “Indeed ?" re- without a person of suitable rank or eminence in her plied the Queen immediately, with considerable curio- suite, over countries, whose inhabitants associated with

unfortunately did not live to witness the sity; and turning to me said, “How did you find the name of England every thing that was great and completion of his design; but it was ac. France; was it tranquil ?” I answered, that with the magnificent.

complished by his brother-in-law, Mr. Her exception of some excesses which had occurred in one or two particular districts, the country was perfectly

shall, in a masterly style—the Grand Trunk tranquil, but it was a tranquillity produced by the

Scientific Records. Canal. It was begun in 1766, and finished presence of foreign armies, that fine country being

in 1777. By this canal a communication literally overrun with soldiers. After thus conversing

conversing (Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve. is opened between the Atlantic and Ger

Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve. I for some five or ten minutes, one of our party suggested

ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, man Oceans. that possibly we might be detaining her Majesty from

From the Duke of Bridge singular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, her accustomed ride, and the object of the visit being

water's Canal, at Preston-on-the-Hill, in

Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineaccomplished, we bowed and withdrew, the Consul

ralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural

Cheshire, to Wildon Ferry, where it joins alohe remaining.

History, Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c. ; to be the Trent; its length is ninety-two miles · On the outer steps I met Billy Austin, as he was

continued in a Series through the Volume.] . xyled in his boyish days. I was rather desirous to enter

It crosses over the river Dove by an aqueinto conversation with him ; but his manner being re

CANALS OF GREAT BRITAIN..

duct of twenty-three arches, and over the pulsive, I soon wished him good morning.

Trent by one of six arches. It has a subThe Queen, who is low in stature and rather lusty, was Navigable canala are of such importance to this I terraneous passage of 1.2 dressed in the plainest manner; she appeared lively

country in a commercial point of view, and con- at Preston-on-the-Hill; and two others in and affable. Like too many of her sex in high life,

tribute so essentially to the facile interchange of the neighbourhood of Barton : but the prin. she was not content with the complexion nature had

produre of one county for that of another, that we cipal passage under ground is at Harecaste given her, but had applied the rouge certainly not with prog a sparing hand : it was laid on “an inch thick.” thick.” doubt not the following sketch will prove highly in

Hill, in Staffordshire, where the length of Her Majesty took an airing almost daily on the Faro teresting to the generality of our readers. If we poad, accompanied by her suite in travelling costume, recollect well, Mr. Brindley was so enamoured of the subterraneous excavation is 2,880 yards. all mounted on asses. I used to meet the cavalcade canal navigation, that being asked ironically we Near Stafford, a branch is made froid this phen. Bergami was, I think, generally of the party; presume) on bis examiyalion before a committee, canal to the vicinity of Wolverhampton, and hie is a tall, handsome man; and, although I did not take what was in his opinion the use of rivers, he replied, I to join the Thames near Bewdley. From wuch notice of him as late events would now cause one that their use and design was to feed navigable | this, other branches cross Warwickshire to do, I have a sufficient recollection of him to pro

canals."- Edit. Kal. nounce Madame Tussaud's composition model a resem.

Braunston, at which place it is joined by blance; and I may here remark, her figure of the Queen is not unlike, even now that her Majesty has passed the

That celebrated engineer and scientific the Grand Junction Canal to the Thamet meridian of life.

mechanic, Mr. Brindley, commenced that at
rindley, commenced that at Brentford.

By means of this last inentioned candi, : As soon as her Majesty's curiosity was satisfied in stupendous work, the Duke of Bridget

le Frigate, water's Canal, in 1758, and completed it in a junction is made with several others, and Captain Pechell, that vessel having been appointed for

five years, though the plan was ridiculed with the rivers Thames, Severn, Mersey, her service in lieu of the Leviathan. The Queen, how.

Hence a communication is ever, did not proceed further than Catania or Augusta, as visionary and impracticable by the mul.and Trent. in consequence, it was said, of some unpleasant diffcrtitude. This canal begins at Worsley, se- / opened between London, Bristol, bine ences with Captain P. upon the subject of the newly-lven miles from Manchester. it is non

on the subject of the newly- | ven miles from Manchester; it is continued pool, and Hull. The length of this cases created Baron Bergami, with whom, I was credibly by a subterraneous passage. und

bly | by a subterraneous passage, under a hill, is scarcely less than that of the Grand informed, he refused to sit at table. I well remember Labout three quarters of a mile, and thence Trunk Canal, being upwards or the polacca being hired and fitted out, and also the

| about three quarters of a miłe, and thence Trunk Canal, being upwards of 90 miles. sonointment of Lieut. Flinn, a gallant young officer. I to the Duke's coal works. A considerable! The third (or, more properly speaking, who had the command of a beautiful armed vessel in part of this excavation is through solid the fourth) grand communication between the Anglo Sicilian Flotilla when I arrived in Mes- |

rock; in other parts the roof is arched with the eastern and western oceans, is made aina in 1818. I met this gentleman at a friend's house, I think the day before his departure to take the Queen

brick. From this passage upright shafts the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, in the case on board.

for air-pipes are cut to the top of the hill,cription of which stupendous undertaking, It being the season of Carnival during her Majesty's some of which are through hard stone, and the vast importance of the subject det sojourning in Messina, a humorous frolic took place, in noodlus fort

nearly forty yards in height. At Barton that I should be a little more minute. some Messinese wits personating her Majesty and suite,

a similar vehicle: pou bridge the canal is conducted across a val- 1770, an act was passed, by whic were at the instant deceived, by taking the shadow for ley more than 200 yards in width, by means undertakers, a body corporate, under the reality.

of an aqueduct supported by arches, the name of “The Company of Proprieto Although I could not avoid differing in opinion with

chief one of which is sixty feet wide and the Canal Navigation from Leeds to L the Queen upon the respective climates of Naples and forty feet above the navigable river Irwell, pool,” were authorized to raise the sun Messina, as you have been told in a former letter, our which is crossed by this aqueduct, under £320,000 in shares, deemed personale pursuits were congenial; for I found her Majesty on my which the largest barges used in this river / In consequence of this act, they p arrival in Catania inspecting the various objects of interest which that devoted city presented, and I was paso

pass without lowering their masts. The with great spirit, and in a few years

" informed she made some few purchases of ancient coins, canal is continued to Runcorn Gap, where thirty-four miles were finished on the

board the Clorind

and

20,000€ authoriza from Lee

bis act, they proceeded

Dnished on the York.

out one of which. Douglas Nahere it meets Island is Moken and last-in

shire side, viz. from Leeds to Holm-bridge, of hewn stone. Its greatest height is 155 Irish Bull.-A magistrate of the Queen's County

complains, in The Dublin Evening Post, that “ every Dear Gargrave: and on the Lancashire side, feet above the level of the sea. In some morning was, at a former period, the harbinger of some twenty-eight miles, viz. from Liverpool to places it is cut through solid rock, and atrocity of the night before.-The English papers, who

are so very witty on the Yankees and the Irish on the Newbrough, which exhausted their funds, in others through mossy ground. The ad-score of bulls, would do well to bear in mind the advice

about the mote in the eye. It is not long since we reand obliged them to suspend the work.- vantages accruing from this Canal to the corded one of our Liverpool Bulls, pretty good in its Aware, however, of the ulterior beneficial populous districts through which it passes, way, “Lodgings to let for a single couple;" and a pa

ragraph, describing a gigantic wench, is now traveling effects of their undertaking, they deter- as well to the cities of Edinburgh and through our papers, in which she is styled The PC mined to persevere, and in 1990 another Glasgow, are incalculable. Such, indeed, / MALE DANIEL LAMBERT.”-Edit. Kala act was passed, which empowered the Com- is the sense entertained by the people of| Animal Sagacity. We are indebted to a friendly core pamy to make some important deviations in the great benefit of canals, that another was respondent for the following account of a very remark.

able circumstance. "I was, yesterday evening, at their line, and to raise a further sum of commenced in a more direct line, and on a Chelsea Botanical Gardens, where there is a large glede,

loose, and very tame; one wing has been cut ever since money; in consequence of which the work more enlarged scale, between these cities,

ore enlarge scale, between these cities, he has been there, to prevent his escape. I went rather wms resumed. In 1794 a third act was ob- a few years ago, which is likely to realize nearer than he approved of; and, being a stranger to

him, he attempted to fly, which he diď for about ten tažned, to enable the Company to make still the most sanguine hopes of the projectors. yards. This I noticed to Mr. Anderson, who is resi

dent there.

The sixth and last intersection of our fu Tther alterations in their line, by making

Yes,' he replied, • I know it; and he'

(speaking of the bird) is no fool : for you may ob. it-embrace the towns of Burnlev, Black - Island is The Caledonian Canal, from Inver- serve that he has broke the feathers of the uncut wing,

to make it even with the other : this he has been seen to burn, Chorley, and Wigan (where it meets ness to Fort William. A chain of Locks do. I was much surprised by so curious a fact, and thane Head of the Douglas Navigation) by (Lakes) running from N. E. to S. W. be- inquired more particularly if the feathers on the uncut

wing were really broke by the bird, and was assured, means of which, completing the junction tween the Murray Firth and the Atlantic, that it was most certainly the case. As this comes so of the Yorkshire and Lancashire parts of and connected (except in one instance) by

very near reason, I think it worthy of insertion in your

tance) og journal."-Literary Gazette. Ehis canal.

running streams, in some places of considerAt Foulridge, the greatest elevation of able depth and magnitude, suggested this

LETTER FROM THE SANDWICH ISLANDA. this canal, it passes under ground by a tun- great undertaking. It is obvious that the

[From the American papers.) nel, 18 feet high, and 17 feet wide, for the very northerly situation of this Canal, and space of nearly a milc. From this summit, the scantiness of the population of the dis

scantiness of the population of the dis- | TAMOREE, KING OF ATOOI, TO THE REV. DL. the fall on the Yorkshire side to the naviga-trict through which it passes, must render

WORCESTER.

[This letter was dictated by the King, who has for many ble river Aire at Leeds, is 410 fect; and, it of less general utility than those above

years been able to speak broken English. It was on the Lancashire side, the fall is 431 feet described. Its length from sea to sea, in written down from his mouth, in a large plain hand, to the basin at Liverpool, which basin is 52cluding that of the navigable lakes and which he copied himself.] feet above the level of the Mersey at low rivers which it embraces, is about 70 miles.

“ Atooi, Jaly 28, 1890.

I“ Dear Friend,--I wish to write a few lines to you, to water:, hence the greatest elevation of the Having enumerated the principal canals thank you for the good book you was so kind as to send canal is not much less than 500 feet above in Great Britain, I shall barely mention

in by my son. I think it is a good book; one that God je uvove Ureat britan, shals barey mention gave for us to read. I hope my people will soon read the level of the sea ! On the Yorkshire side that there are in England at least ten addi- | this and all other good books. I believe that my idols

| are good for nothing ; and that your God is the only there are not fewer than 14 locks, and on tional canals either connected with, or in- true God, the one that made all things. My gods Í the Lancashire side 47, besides several very dependent of those particularized, and not

have hove away; they are no good ; they fool me; they

do me no good. I take good care of them. I give thera large aqueduct bridges. It is 42 feet wide one of them less than 30 miles in length; cocoa-nuts, plantains, hogs, and good many things, and

they fool me at last. Now I throw them all away. I at the top, with five feet depth of water; and besides a very considerable number of in- ha the locks upon it are each about 70 feet inferior extent. By means of these numer- / worship your God. I feel glad you good people come

I to help us. We know nothing here. American people length, and 154 in width. It brings into ous aqueducts, the commerce of the ocean very good, kind- I love them. When they come here extensive use inexhaustible rocks of lime- is introduced into the very heart of the

I take care of them ; I give him eat; I give him

clothes ; I do every thing for him. I thank you for stone, slate, flags, and freestone ; excellent country, and with equal facility our most giving my son learning: I think my son dead.' Some

man tell me he no dead. I tell him he lie. I suppose mines of coal; and great quantities of tim. valuable manufactures are despatched from he dead. I thank all American people. I feel glad to ber for building ships, houses, &c. The the interior to the principal ports of the see you good folks here. Suppose you come, I take

good care of them. I hope you take good care of my whole length of this canal is 129 miles. kingdom, either for exportation, or for being people in your country: Suppose you do I feel glad, The fifth communication between the sent coastwise to provincial markets.

I must close. Accept this from your friend,

KING TAMOREE. Eastern and Western Oceans, is formed by

“ Samuel Worcester, D.D.” the Great Canal in Scotland, which joins

Miscellanies.

THE QUEEN OF ATOOI, TO THE MOTHER OF XR). the Forth and Clyde, and which is 35 miles

RUGGLES. in length, commencing at Grangemouth, In one of the minor French Papers there is the follow

“ Atooi, July 28, 1820. near Falkirk, and terminating at Bowling, l.

| ing just observation on the English :-" The English “ Dear Friend, -I am glad your daughter come here.

Duwwwg, l boast of their wealth, and with reason. They search for I shall be her mother now, and she be my daughter. I nine miles west from Glasgow. The great gold in the extremities of the globe. They send their be good to her ; give her tappa; give her mat; give

able navigators to explore and describe islands in the her plenty, eat. By and by your daughter speak - road from Edinburgh to Stirling and Glas- Southern Ocean, while at the same time they leave the Owyhee; then she learn me how to read and write and b e t af bil islands on the north west coast of Scotland in the most se

of that Grea wretched state of nature. The Hebrides are scarcely people in America love. I begin spell little; read come Canal at Falkirk, and crosses it again by | known to themselves, and the inhabitants are left to I very hard, like stone. You very good, send your means of a draw-bridge six miles from

vegetate in the most helpless neglect. In these islands daughter great way to teach the heathen. I am very

there are neither public nor private roads. It is neither glad I can write you a short letter, and tell you that I Glasgow. It is carried over 36 rivers and possible to travel on horseback nor on foot, as you must be good to your daughter. I send you my aloha, and

climb over rocks, traverse marshes, and swim through tell you I am your friend, rivulets, and two great roads, by aquaducts lakes and arms of the sea," doo

« CHARLOTTE TAPOLEE, Queen of Atooi."

e none now. Wh

me.

1. which the food

To the mood (swe of Cumnor Hohereby. -

Then, Leicester, why, again I plead,

l intellectual gratification. The more notice yea (The injured surely may tepine)

| bestow upon such subjects iv the Kaleidoscope. Why didst thou wed'a country maid,

the greater claim will it possess to the extensive When some fair Princess might be thine ?

patronage which it appears at present to have alWhy didst thou praise my humble charms, tained; and whicb cannot fail to “grow with your And, oh! then leave them to decay?

growth." no son

As a collateral subject for your scientific ! Why didst thou win me to thy arms,

departinent, I thiuk you might reuder an essenual Then leave me to mourn the live-long day ? service to the cause of literature and science, if sun - Poetry. The village maidens of the plain

would occosionally devote a column to the fire Salute me lowly as they go;

ceedings of the Liverpool Royal Institution. If Envious they mark my sílken train,

you deem the subject admissible, it would promote TO THE EDITOR. Nor think a Countess can have woe.

The objects of that important establishment, au The simple nymphs! they little know

also of a scientific lecturer, if you would give How far more happy's their estate;

a place in this week's Kaleidoscope to l be fille SIR,_The interest excited by the romance of Kenil.

To smile for joy, than sigh for woe;

lowing synoptical notice of the approachng fer. worth, induces me to inclose a copy of the ballad of To be content, than to be greata

tures of Mr. Wood, who gave an able course of Cumpor Hall, which, as I believe, is only printed in How far less blessed am I than them,

lectures here some years since on the subject of Evans's Collection of Ballads. I also send you an ex Daily to pine and waste with care !

architecture. The lectures now about to be deli. tract from a searce old poem, called Leicester's Ghost,

Like the poor plant, that, from its stem

vered by this gentleman at the Institution, hold ear where the Countess's death is mentioned, .

Divided, feels the chilling air.

great promise of realizing the motto of yoor Kale.

doscope, thc - Utile Dulci." I beg, Mr. Editor, 10 Liverpool

Nor, cruel Earl! can I enjoy
A. B.
The humble charms of solitude ;

desure you that I am, with much esteemi, Your minions proud my peace destroy,

A STUDENT.
CUMNOR HALL.
By sullen frowns, or pratings rude.

Liverpool, 220 June.
Last night, as sad I chanc'd to stray,

• Nothing would give us more pleasure than to ident The dews of summer night did fall,

The village death-bell smote my ear;

this hint, as we have more than once intimated; bari The moon (sweet regent of the sky)

They wink'd aside, and seem'd to say,

is not an easy matter to avoid becoming liable to the I

advertisement duty. Silver'd the walls of Cumnor Hall, • Countess, prepare-thy end is near.'

Edit. Kal. And many an oak that grew thereby. -

And now, while happy peasants sleep, Now nought was heard beneath the skies

Here I sit lonely and forlorn ;. - (The sounds of busy life were still)

No one to soothe me as I weep,

The following is the prospectus recommended by our Save an unhappy lady's sighs,

Save Philomel on yonder thorn. .

correspondent. That issued from that lonely pile. My spirits flag, my hopes decay; .

Lecture 1. INTRODUCTION.-Progress of Cri. Leicester,” she cried, “is this thy love

Still that dread death-bell smites my ear; lization marked by improvements in building, from That thou so oft has sworn to me,

And many a body seems to say,

the rude Hut to the invention of the Orders of To leave me in this lonely grove,

Countess, prepare-thy end is near."

Architecture. Means by which the Orders may be Immured in shameful privity ?

This sore and sad that lady grieved

distinguished from each other.-Columns used by No more thou com'st, with lover's speed,

In Cumnor Hall, so lone and drear;

civilized nations for the purpose of commemorating Thy once beloved bride to see;

And many a heartfelt sigh she heaved,

events of importance.- Pilars of unkeun stone set But be she alive, or be she dead,

And let fall many a bitter tear. .

up by a rude people for Ibe saine perpuse: frequest I fear stern Earl's the same to thee.

And ere the dawn of day appenred,

mention of this practice in Scriptore, Homer, He. Not so the usage I received

In Cumnor Hall, so lone and drear,

siod, &c. - Druidical remains. - Stopehenge ; ils When happy is my father's hall;

Full many a piercing scream was heard,

probable resen blance to the Altars of Balaam and No faithless husband then me grieved,

And many a cry of mortal fear.

Balaak.--High Places of Scripture.- Avciepl Celtic • No chilling fears didme appal.

The death-bell thrice was heard to ring,

and Phænician Worship of Beal or Baal. -Tabumia I rose up with the cheerful morn,

An aërial voice was heard'to call,

Sacrifices-Cromlucky; probably the Altars upon No lark so blithe, no flow'r more gay;

And thrice the raven flapp'd his wing,

which Ranjan Victims were sacrificed. And, like the bird that haunts the thorn,

Around the tow'rs of Cumpor Hall.

Lecture 11.- EGYPT.-Sketch of its early His: So merrily sung the live-long day.

The mastiff howl'd at village door,

tory - First inbabitants disturbed by the Auritæ ol If that my beauty is but small,

The naks were shatter'd on the green ;

Shepherds, literesting account of the Arab SberAmong court ladies all despised;

Woe was the hour, for never more

herds of the present day.-Source of the wealth pix . Why didst thou rend it from that hall,

That hapless Countess e'er was seen.

sessed by Abraham.-Trade of the Patriarchs wish Where, scornful Earl, it well was prized ?

And in that manor, now no more

the Cities of Canaan. The lavd op which Alexa And when you first to me made suit,

Is cheerful feast or sprightly ball;

dria now stands, described by Homer as al a gresi How fair I was, you oft would say

For ever since that dreary hour

distance from the shore - Extraordinary changes on And, proud of conquest, pluck'd the fruit,

Have spirits haunted Cumnor Hall.

the Coasts of Great Britain by the recessionar Then left the blossom to decay.

The village maids with fearful glance,

encroachment of the sea io the last ivo tbussard Yes! now neglected and despised,

years. --Lake Mareotis, formerly a great Bay, for

Avoid the ancient moss-grown wall; The rose is pale, the lily's dead;

Nor ever lead the merry dance

a Salt Marsh.--Alexandria; its former maguificctcr. But Pre that once their charins so prized,

Among the groves of Cumnor Hall.

-Ponspey's Pillar, Cleopatra's Needle - Prouide Is sure the cause those charms are fled.

Full-many a traveller has sigh'd

tory of Capopus.-Toinb of Canopus, the Pilut or

Menelaus.-The spot where Paris landed with Helen,

And pensive wept the Countess' fall, For lmnost, when sick’ning grief doth prey,

As wand'ring onwards they've espied And terrier love's repaid with scorn,

when driven upon the coast of Egypi.-The Delta; The sweetest beauty will decay ;

The haunted tow'rs of Čumpor Hall.

its, fertility.--Cairo, splendid Musque-Island of What flow'ret can endure the storm?

Rhoda.Nilometer. - The Nile.- Village of Djize.

- Pyramids of Memphis, described by Herodotus, At court, I'm told, is beauty's throne,

Scientific Notices,

Diodorus, &c.-- Discoveries of modero Travellers. Where every lady's passing rare,

-Galleries and Chambers in tbe interior described. That eastern flow'rs, that shame the sun,

-Ditficulty of exploring the mysterious Wellia tbe Are not so glowing, not so fair.

TO THE EDITOR.

Great Pyramid.--Belzoni's researches; his exlrd. Then, Earl, why didst thou leave the beds

ordinary discovery of the entrance to the second Where roses and where lilies vie,

SIR, -Asa reader and warın patron to the Kaleidos- Pyramid.--Altempt of the French to open ibe bir To seek a primrose, whose pale shades

cope, I was much gratified at tbe notice you recently Pyramid --The Sphynx.-Extensive Necropolis er Must sicken when those gaudes are by ?

bestowed upon that juteresting establishment the ancient Memphis.- Probable site of tbat magnificent 'Mong rural beauties I was one:

Butavic Garden; and I wisli to suggest to you, how City.--Pyraajs of Scarra-Pyramids supposed to Among the tields wild flow'rs are fairs

consistent it would be to the genios and charan's be built of the Bricks made by the Israelites - As Some country swain might me have won,

ter of your pleasing and, useful miscellany, were cent of the Nile:-Hermopolis Magna.-length And thought my passing beauty rare,

you to insert weckly or monthly tables, explanatory | Dendera; similarity in the proportion of Bat, Leicester, (or I much am wrong) of the various botanical rarities, successively, as they tumos to those in the Temple of Seloeon: 1

Ceiling Or 'tis not beauty lures thy vows;

come into season; this would be of someservice to the determined by the Planisphere on the Cell Rather ambition's gilded crown

(stablishment, by directing the auention of the public Thebes ; ils ancient splendur; present stale: ma Makes thee forget thy humble spouse.

I aud of strangers to the delightful yource of purely nificence of its Gates and Temples. -- Obciisqucun

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Avenue of Sphynxes. -Colossal Statues.-Head of Lecture V.-Palmyra; extent and magnificence dispositions. She was no longer the Lady of the de. Hemnon, and other fragments now in the British of its remains; when built-History - Odenatus. ceased Earl's love;' her religion had grown severe and Museum. Tombs of the Kings of Thebes.--Mummy | Zenobia, Balbec.- GoTHIC ARCHITEOTURE.-10

morose, her feelings of regard for him that was no more Pis: danger of exploriog them-Extraordinary vasion of Britain by the Romans.-- Architectural

had transformed themselves into a settled purpose of

| avenging his death, and the pangs of a broken heart arenture of some Europeans. -Beauty of the Tomb Remajos left by the Romans in Britain ; used as ob.

were, for a time, deadened by the presence of feelings discovered by Belzoni.- Apollinopolis.- Beautiful jects of imitation. --Conquest of Britain by the Saxons.

that were neither natural to her sex nor consistent with Temple at Philæ.-Cataracts of the Nile.-Exca- - Introduction of Christianity. -Early Churches; her former life. No sooner had the island yielded to its

Introduction of Chr pued Temple at Jbs a'ınbul in Nubia - Enormous obscurity respecting them:- Progress during the ancient sway, than Captain Christian, after a hasty trial, Statues.-Conjecture respecting the ancient Egypsixth, seventh, and eighth centuries.- Irruptions of was put to death. The proceedings on this occasion

on Character of Countenance. Theban Mummies. the Danes.- Churches and Monasteries destroyed were most irregular; and the English Government in. -Trade, Wealti, aud Learurug of the Egyptiaus. by them.-Restoration of Monastic Edifices in the terfered, and compelled the Earl of Derby to make all Propbecies respecting Egypt.--Conclusion.

tenth century, lutroduction of large Towers, the atonement possible to the relations of the deceased. Lecture (11.-ARABIA.Separation of Lot and Bells-Norman lavasion.--Norman Architecture

The age of Christian increases the cruelty of this act; Abraham supposed to be vccasioned by want of distinguished from Saxon Introduction of the

for having been "a noted sea Captain” in James the

| First's time, he must, in 1660, have reached his eightieth waler -The value of water alluded to in various Pointed Arch. commonly called GothucGradual

year. The following notice of his death, copied from marts of Scripture.-- Recorded in Travels through progress.-Change of style in the thirteenth century. I the Register of Kirk Maughold, in the Isle of Man. The Deserts. - Journey tv Wady Moosa.--Moses re- | Increase of Ornament in the fourteenth century in sufficiently proves that his Judges were ashamed of fused by the King of Edom to pass through the Windows, Vaultiogs, &c.--Profusiou of Decoration their own deed-(Feltham's Tour.) “Edmund Chris. country, or to drink of the water of their wells. in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries - Various tian, who was some time Captain at sea, and afterwards, Remarkable Prophecy respecting Ishinael now in opinions respecting the origin of the Pointed Arcb. for a time, Governor of the Isle of Man ; he departea jalbinent.-Arabs desceuded from Abraham.-Si. Sir James Hall's Systemt.

this life in Peel Castle, being a prisoner there for some

oner there for some milarity of the Manners, Customs, Dress, and Orpa. Lecture V1-Castles, as residences connected

words spoken concerning the King, when the great dif.

ference was betwixt the King and Parliament. He was ments of the Arabes of the present day, with those with the progress of civilization.-Ancient Castles;

committed by James, Earl of Derby, being then in this described in Scripture. -Striking iostance of hospi. I principal members of, and mode of defending them.

isle, and Solin Greenhaugh, Governor. He was buried tality in an Arab Clief.-Mecca

in an Arab Clief.-Meca-Mahomet; bis -The Machicolation - Portcullis-War Machines. Jan. 22, 1660, in Kirk Manghold Church, where he was Richito Media Rapid progress of his Religion. Catapulta or Balista; account of, by Froissart; by | baptized.” The rough sea Captain formed but a small -Success of the Mahomedao arros after the death Tacitus and Josepbus. -Great antiquity of that ei. portion of the hecatonib with which Lady Derby proof Mabomet.-Temple of Mecca. Kaaba; a Hea. gine.--Used by Uzziah- The Tournament.--The posed to gratify her Lord's manes. Dukentield 'war then Temple of great antiquity.- Pilgrimages to Quintaio, &c.-Single Towers, the inconvenient arrested by her order, as we shall hereafter mention ; Mecca.-Holy Water -Zem-Zem.-Coujecture re residences of our ancestors.--The upper apartment

and she caused Bradshaw, another of her husband's sprcting ibe Dealb of Sampson.-Mount Ararat. always occapied by the Lord of the Castle Reason

Judges, to be carried to London. Charles was too wise Moedebifa_Purification of the Temple of Mecca. for this arrangement Curious example at Conais.

to set about punishing all the evil deeds committed dur.

| ing the civil war, and consequently rendered Lady Isori Autiquity of the Hindoos. -Division into bury Castle. Probable reseinblanice of these rowers | Derby's efforts of po effect. After witnessing the ingri easts.--Superstitions.--Sauguinary Sacrifices.-Ex. | to that of Ramoth Gilead, when Jehu was proclaimed. I titude of the King towards her family, this ill-fated traordioarý Peuances.- Practice of Hindoo Women --Great improvenierst at the Conquest.-Increase | Lady, bowed down with affliction, ended her days 21st burning themselves upon the funeral piles of their of Castles after the Conquest.-Norman Castles. March, 1663, and lies buried by the side of her Lord at husbands still continued.-Number so sacrificed - Improvements in the Castles of Gandulph.- Ormskirk. from 1815 to 1818.- Temples.-Sacred Caverns. Literature, Arts, and Sciences confined to the Clois (15.) Latham is situated about three miles north-east Religiong Rites and Ceremonies performed by the ter during the dark ages of Europe.-The Tower of Ormskirk, on a very fat Ancients in Cave and dee

on.-Rochester Castle, The Crusa

West Derby.t In the reign of Henry the Second, Sir

I Robert Fitzhenry. the representative of a Norman Fire Temple a Cavern.-Contrasted with Mahomet.supposed to improve civilization in Europe - Change -Caveroof Elcuhanta.-Salseite-Caves of Ellora; of residence from the Keep to the Gate of the Cas- l of those rude wooden mansions common to the period

family, was seated at Latham, and probably built one their extent and admirable workmanship.-Gigantic tle.--Mixture of the Palace and Stronghold by l in which he lived. His son took the name of Latham; Figures; conjectures respecting them.

Edward the First, as at Conway, Caernarvont, &c and his descendants, in regular succession, resided here Persia Palace of Persepolis ; Magnificence ;-Gradual decrease in the strength, and increase in until the reign of Edward the Third, when the sole numerous Basso-relievos; burnt by Alexander; va the comfort of Castles as residences, in proportion heiress married Sir John Stanley ; and thus Latham, rious Courts.-Timidity of Esiber in her approach to the increase of civilization.-State of Great Bri- Knowsley, and the neighbouring townships became the w Ahasuerus explained.-Palace of Susa or Shashau. tain in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.

d fifteenth centuries property of that family, who still retain the greater part - Media.- Ecbatana. - Conquest of Persia by Improvement in Roads Effects o pon the manners

of the estates. Alexander.--State of the Empire after the death of of ihe people.-Juvention of Printing - The Palace

The following is extracted from “ Pennant's Tour to

Alston Moor.” “ At about two miles distant from Alexander.

at Windsor of greater importance than the Castle. | Ormskirk, I turned into a ficla to visit the scite of the Lecture IV -Rivers Tygris and Euphrates.--Pro -Warwick Castle, Aluwick, Kenilworth, &c. Priory of Burscough, founded in the time of Richard bable site of Nineveh. The prophet Jonab.– Pro-Strength no longer attended to, as at Haddon | the First by Robert Fitzherry, Lord of Latham, under phecies respecting the fall of Nineveh -Conquered | House, Hardwick House, &c. Improvements in the tutelage of St. Nicholas. At the time of the dissoby the Medes and Babylonians.Babylon.-He-the fifteeoth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries.- lution it maintained a Prior and five Canons of the rodotus; his account of its great extent --Mode Conclusion

Augustine Order, and forty servants. It was endowed, of building the Walls of ancient Cities accounting

according to one valuation, with £80 75. 6d. annual in. for their height and width.-Gates of Babylon,

come; to another, with £122 55. 6d; or, as Specd has it, Palace of Nebuchadnezzar-Flat Roofs of Houses;

I particularly allude to the persecution of Oliver Ather. frequent allusions to them in Scripture.-Hanging

ton (Suffering of Quakers, vol. 2, p. 236.) Lady Stanley, of Gardens of Babylon; their dinjensions. -Tower of

Bickerstaff, was protector of the Presbyterians, and her Belus.-Temple of Ditto. -Golden Idols of Nebu.

actions are sometimes ascribed to the Countess of Derby, chadoezzar; Their great value; carried to Persia by

the most vehement of their enemies. Xerxes.--Important discoveries upon the site of

† It is a vulgar error (first promulgated by Dr. Aikini) to Babylon.-Beisbazzar's Feast.-Haud-writing upon

suppose the title of " Derhy" taken from this hundred.

Lord Stanley had married the mother of Ilenry the Seventh the Wall.--The Candlestick.- Fulfilment of Pro

and that monarch conferred upon him a title long borne by phecy respecting Babylon.-Former Magnificence

the House of Lancaster. His brother, Sir William Stanley, of Tyre; its fall and present state, as foretold by

made an attempt to obtain another of the Royal titles. Ezekiel .

“Itaque ambitio ejus in tantum exorbitavit, et modum GREECE - Celebrated Temples.-Segesta.-Agri

omnem execssit, ut à Rege se Comitem Oestriæ creari petegentum.-Pæstum.-Athens destroyed by Xerxes,

ret. Qui honor cum semper ut appenagium Principatus Restored by Pericles.-The Acropolis.-Parthenon.

NOTES

Walliæ reputaretur, et Filio Regis Primogenito ex more --Exquisité Sculpture.-Fragments in the British TO THE “BRIEF JOURNAL OF THE Siege cedere soleret. Petitio illa, non solum a Rege repulsaan Museum called the Elgin Marbles.-Temple of

OF LATHOM HOUSE,"

tulit, sed etiam animin ejus secreto oflendit. (Hist. Rey Theseus.-State of the Arts at that period.-Battle Which appeared in three Numbers of our present

H. 7...Ford, in his tragedy of “ Perkin Warbeck," eauses

Sir William, on going to the sentold, to say, of Salamis.--Station of Xerxes during the Battle Volume ; scc pages 145, 153, and 169.

“My next suit is, my Lords, Corinth.-Peloponesus.-- Island of Agina.-Hill of

To be remembered tomy noble brother Minsun.-Monument of Philopappus. -Character [Continued from pages 311, 317, 366, 375, 383, and 407 of our

Derby; my much griev'd brother. Oh, persuade hiin

present volume.) of Grecian Architectnre contrasted with Roman.-

That I shall stand no blemish to his house

In chronicles writ in another age.The Collisæum ; dimensions, &c.-Herculaneum.

The misfortunes of Lady Derby, and, above all, a Pompeii; destroyed by an eruption of Vesuvius.- I long imprisonment, in the solitude of which, medita

«Tell him he must not think the style of Derby Death of Pliny. Monument of Loadon.-Trajan'stions of the most gloomy kind must ever have been

Nor being husband to King Henry's mother,

'The league with Peers, the smiles of fortune, car Ther companions, seem to bave wrought a change in lier! Secure his peace above the state of man,"

Antiquities.

Culumo,

with £129 1s. 10d. Nothing is left of this pile but part of and east sides there is another rising ground, even to may judge from a pamphlet lying before me, printed in the centre arch of the church; and, instead of the mag. the edge of the moat, and then falls away so quick that 1648, en tituled, " Reasons against agreement nificent tombs of the Stanlies, which, till the Reforma- | you can scarce, at the distance of a carbine shot, see the late printed paper, intitled, Roundations of Prendre ton, graced this place, a few modern gravestones peep house over that height, so that all batteries placed there &c. by William Ashurst, Esq." was then sternly through the grass, memorials of poor Catholics, who are so far below it as to be of little service against it (of posed to those lawless innovations which com fondly prefer this now violated spot. "John Barton, the last which more hereafter ;) only let us observe, by the way, party were meditating. How the man who objected Prior, subscribed to the King's supremacy, and received that the uncommon situation of it may be compared to disfranchising boroughs in 1648, because they mit a pension of £13 6s. 8d. as late as 1553.-Latham is the palm of a man's hand, flat in the middle and covered with as much justice and right, agree to take atas placed on a most barren spot, and commands a view as with a rising ground about it, and so near to it that the law, or any man's life or estate," should accept a extensive as dull. The back front was begun by Wil- enemy, in two years' siege, were never able to raise a in the Parliament of 1634, is matter for curious sperm. liam, Earl of Derby, (the ninth Ear!) the rest completed battery against it, so as to make a breach in the wall lation. The pedigree of the Marklands may be found in à most magnificent manner by Sir Thomas Bootle. practicable to enter the house by way of storm."

in Nicholl's Anecdotes, under the article • Jeremiah ." The ancient Latham, the celebrated seat of nobility | The measurement of the Eagle Tower, the materials Markland.' The family resided at Wigan, and atas and hospitality, stood between the north-east offices of of which were sold by the sequestrators, is given in Sea- called the Meadows, near that town. Capt. Marklands the present house and the kitchen garden. (Sir Thomas combe; and it is said (Lloyd's Worthies) that the scaf. name appears amongst those who were imprisoned de Latham died 1369, when Sir John Stanley, K. G. fold on which the great Earl suffered was part of his assisting in Sir George Booth's rising; and one of the obtained this place.) Whilst Sir Thomas, Lord Stanley, own House of Latham. All the records of the family family was member for Wigan, in Richard Cromvel' afterwards Earl of Derby, was absent assisting Henry were destroyed during these wars (Borlase); and now Parliament, 1658. Edward Moseley, a Cadet of the the Seventh, ballad authority tells us Latham House (1821) not á vestige of this renowned seat of hospitality Moseley family, who, about fifty years prior to the was destroyed, and that on his return he rebuilt it. and magnificence exists. Golforden, along whose banks

one whose banks times of which we are treating, purchased, for 49,50, “When place, and weete, and wisdom calrd

knights and ladies have a thousand times made resort, the Manor of Manchester. The head of the family Home this Earle to rest,

hearkening to stories as varied as those of Bocaccio: the sided at Rolleston, in Staffordshire, and was a Rosalie He viewed his ancient seat, and saw

maudlin well, where the pilgrim and the lazar devoutly | (See the Baronetage.) The ruins of his nest, cooled their parched lips; the mewing house; the training

(18.) Sir Thomas Fairfax. It does not appears And pulled it down, and from the ground ground; every appendage to antique baronial state, all

I great and good man was ever personally engaged in the New builded Latham Hall,

| now are changed, and a modern mansion and a new
possessor fill the place, which those who delight in per: I several garrisons in Cheshire: Latham only, in las

siege. So spacious that it can receive

In his memoirs, he says, “ After this, we took in Two Kings, their trains and all"

petuating the glories of days long past away, would shire, held ou “King Henry the Seventh is so struck with this place, fondly desire to see otherwise occupied.

county, but afterwards the siege was raised by Prince that he resolves to build one like it at Richmond."

(16.) Alexander Rigby, of Burgh, was peculiarly ob- IR Inoxious to the loyalists.

D: Rupert.” (p. 58.) The form of Latham, previous to the siege, is thus

It is not unlikely that Paisa cor

Of mean parentage, and tented himself by sending Morgan to the assistan described.« In the centre was a lofty tower called the

doubtful reputation, he deserted the profession of the Egerton and Rich

| Egerton and Rigby; and even this aid appears to beat the Eagles : it had two courts, for mention is made of the Eagles ; it had two courts, for mention is made of a law, and taking up that of arms, displayed an union of

qualities rarely to be met with in the same person.. strong and high gateway before the first. The whole l qualities rarely to be met with in the same person. He been early withdrawn.

(19.) « Council of Holy States," the name asemad vas surrounded with a wall two vards thick. Alanked by was insolent, yet abounding in courage ; full of energy, I. (19.) “ Council of Holy States," the name asemad nine towers, and this again guarded by a mote eight

though not deficient in patience; the possessor of com- by a body of men who met during the war in Maryards wide and two deep."

manding talents, yet commonly working his way by the chester ; and wbo, in energy and power, were second Latham House. the Eagle's Tower alone standing, lowest artifices. Neither education por intercourse with only to their brethren of London. To the names and part of the estate, were transferred to John, Lord the world, could efface the original meanness of his ready mentioned, the following may be added a Ashburnham, when he married, 1714, Henrietta,

dispositions; and the unrelenting hatred with which, in principals on the Parliament side in Lancashire. The daughter of William, ninth Earl of Derby. Lord Ash every passage of life, he pursued Lord Derby, amply reader will observe, that, where M. P. without dare, burnham sold it to a Furness, and he to Sir Thomas justifies the treatment he has received from the Cavaliers. is affixed to a person's name, the long Parliament i Bootle.

In 1640, Rigby was returned to the Long Parliament, alluded to.) The following is from a ballad, written in the reign for the borough of Wigan. We find him, early in the Sir George Booth, born 1566, a ward of Queen E! of Henry the Eighth; the person speaking is Thomas,

war, commanding a Lancashire regiment; in which zabeth, and long time at the head of the Presby's second Earl of Derby, A. D. 1513:

capacity Whitelock speaks, with surprise, of his courage rians; he died aged 86, in October 1652.

and conduct. In 1649, he was nominated a Commis- Col. George Booth, grandson of the above, lost be “ Farewell, Latham! That bright bower

sioner for the trial of the King, but never sate. He is fatber A. D. 1632; returned for Cheshire, vice vers Nine towers that bearest on high,

represented as taking a secret, though active, part, in ables disabled, 1646. He afterwards headed the risirs And other nine thou bearess in the utter walls,

promoting the death of Lord Derby, and afterwards of 1659; was M. P. for Lancashire 1658; and more! Within thee may be lodged King's three.

became a sequestrator in this county. In 1654 he was bim may easily be learnt under the title of the 1st Lord Farewell, Knowsley! That little tower

not returned to Parliament; but in Richard Cromwell's Delamere. Underneath the holts so hoar:

short reign, we find him (1658) elected for the county of Col. John Booth (see Cromwelliana, p. 40) Sir Ral Ever when I think of that bright bower

Lancaster ; after which, we are unable to follow out his Ashton, Kot. of Lever, M. P. for Lancashire, ato Wyte me not though my heart be sore."

life. Rigby married the sister of Col. Birch. In a wards created a Baronet. Col. Ralph Ashton (se Bag The ballad, from which this is extracted, abounds in small pamphlet (printed at the end of vol. 3. Parlt. De- 20) Col. Jobn Moore (see note 21) Col. Thomas Arad, information curious to the Lancashire antiquary; and bates) he is set down, “Governor of Boston, and one of of Birch, M. P. for Liverpool, vice Wynne decried, yet is little known in the county, though not of rare oc- the Barons of the Exchequer.”

and sometime Governor of that town. The 19% currence.

Edward Rigby (query, a brother of the above?) was ment the Ladies Stanley met with at the hands of the The next account of Lathain we extract from Seg. also a sequestrator; and, after the restoration, dealt out, personage, when, in 1650, whilst residing at Kort combe's book : it is there said to be written by Rutter, in the office of deputy lieutenant, the saving mercies of ley, under the written protection of Parliament, they Lord Derby's chaplain, and forms part of his account the very party he had formerly persecuted. (Slate's Life were conveyed to Liverpool, rouses the ever-fredy En of the siege, to which he was an eye-witness. “La- of Jollie, p. 203.) He sate for Preston, in the Parlia- dignation of Seacombe. The want of good faitchup * tham House stands upon a flat, moorish, springy, and ments of 1660, 1661, and 1678.

able to this act, belongs to Fairfax, by wbos sien spumous ground, was encompassed with a strong wall (17.) Hindley, Dandy, Morgan, Ashurst, Markland, the Ladies were made prisoners: and perhaps time of two yards thick ; upon the walls were nine towers, Moseley, officers in the parliament army. Lancashire, following extract from Whitelock, may serve as estdanking each other, and in every tower were six pieces for many centuries, was subdivided into innumerable mentary to the history of the House of Stack of ordnance, that played three one way, and three the small estates, possessed by individuals who took their " 220 July, 1650. Upon a report from the Commis other. Without the wall was a moat eight yards wide, names from, and resided upon, their own lands. The State, the Parliament approved of the seizure of .*: and two yards deep; upon the back of the moat, between long wars betwixt the houses of York and Lancaster, Derbie's family in Lancashire, and a message FS * the wall and the graff, was a strong row of palisadoes swept away many of these inferior landholders. The to the Earl, that if he continued to ill-use bis prieces around : beside all these, there was a high strong tower, confiscations after the battles of Bosworth and Stoke of the Parliament party, it would be retaliated bi called the Eagle Tower, in the midst of the house, sur., were still more destructive to this race of English | family: and to demand the release of those prisoners mounting all the rest; and the gate-house was also two “ Lairds ;” and the times we are now treating of almost | But Birch, it seems, performed his office with este high and strong buildings, with a strong tower on each annihilated the cast. Hindley, once of Hindley, was cessary severity; and these noble ladies were redak side of it; and in the entrance to the first court, upon the probably the son of some wealthy yeoman; as, with to the lowest state of beggary and want. It is * tops of these towers, were placed the best and choicest greater certainty, we can assert of his comrade, Thomas sible to vindicate such rashaess; and yet, we mo* marksmen, who usually attended the Earl in his sports, as Dandy, of Croston. “One Morgan's" history may be member, that Birch had received, at the hands of Lit luatsmen, keepers, fowlers, and the like, who continu- easily traced in the chronicles of the day, from the hum. Derby, a most unpardonable insult, haring been for ally kept watch with screwed guns and long fowling. ble Lieutenant, to the General of approved talents and licly crailed under a hay-cart, through the streets pieces upon those towers, to the great annoyance and courage. This little “ peremptory" man was alike con- | Manchester. (Seacombe, p. 115.) This optrage" loss of the enemy, especially of their commanders, who fided in by Cromwell and Charles. The time of his probably committed on the 15th July, 164, vere frequently killed in their trenches, or as they came death has, I believe, never been ascertained ; but his Birch, assisted by Holcroft, opposed Lord Struk or went to and from them. Besides all that is said last appearance in public was at the funeral of his patron taking away the town's ammunition. On the 360 hitherto of the walls, tower, and moat, there is some monk, Duke of Albemarle, A. D. 1669. Ashurst after vember, 1649, this active Colonel plundered the U thing so particular and romantic in the general situation wards rose to the rank of Lieutenant-colonel, and was, legiace Church at Manchester, and sent all the car of this house, as if Nature herself had formed it for a I suppose, younger brother of William Ashurst, of ments and evidences to London, where they per strong hold, or place of security ; for before the house, | Ashurst, M. P. for Newton, in the Long Parliament, in the great fire. (Walker, p. 88, part 2) COLE to the south and south-west, is a rising ground so near and for Lancashire, 1653 ; “ went commissioner into“ died August 5, 1678, aged 70: bad been an em it as to overlook the top of it, from which it falls so Scotland ; had the Clerk of the Peace's place for Lan- man in the wars; but was deaf, and ia douage, quick that nothing planted against it on those sides can cashire, and £1000 in money given him;" (Parlt. dc. years."-Col. Peter Egerton, of Shaw, thougbo D auch it further than the front wall; and on the north bates, vol. 3.) was a zealous presbyterian; and, if I'tioned in Halsall's account, is said, by Ratter, to

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