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was not for thee to pray vocally and audi- raise a soul from the death of sin, and grave bly, lest those captious hearers should say, of corruption, no easy voice will serve. thou didst all by entreaty, nothing by power. Thy strongest commands, thy loudest deThy thanks overtake thy desires; ours renunciations of judgments, the shrillest and
quire time and distance: our thanks arise sweetest promulgations of thy mercies, are Tex
from the echo of our prayers resounding but enough.
Now ye cavilling Jews are thinking supposed him already living, “ Lazarus, straight, Is there such distance betwixt the come forth : to let them know, that those Fatlier and the Son? is it so rare a thing I who are dead to us, are to and with him
for the Son to be heard, that he pours out alive; yea, in a more entire and feeling sotems his thanks for it as a blessing unusual ? Do | ciety, than while they carried their clay
ye not now see that he who made your about them. Why do I fear that separation
heart knows it, and anticipates your fond which shall more unite me to my Saviour? JETE! thoughts,
thoughts with the same breath ? " I knew | Neither was the word more farniliar than
that thou hearest me always, but I said this commanding : “ Lazarus, come forth.” Here om is for their sakes, that they might believe." is no suit to his Father, no adjuration to
Merciful Saviour, how can we enough the deceased, but a flat and absolute in. ch
admire thy goodness, who makest our be- junction, “ Come forth." O Saviour, that lief the scope and drift of thy doctrine and is the voice that I shall once hear sounding actions! Alas! what wert thou the better, into the bottom of my grave, and raising if they believed thee sent from God? what me up out of my dust; that is the voice wert thou the worse, if they believed it not? that shall pierce the rocks and divide the Thy perfection and glory stand not upon mountains, and fetch up the dead out of the the slippery terms of our approbation or | lowest depths. Thy word made all, thy dislike, but is real in thyself, and that in. word shall repair all. Hence, all ye diffident finite, without possibility of our increase or fears! He whom I trust is omnipotent. diminution. We, we only are they that It was the Jewish fashion to enwrap the have either the gain or loss in thy receipt corpse in linen, to tie the hands and feet, or rejection; yet so dost thou affect our and to cover the face of the dead. The fall belief, as if it were more thine advantage of man, besides weakness, brought shame than ours.
upon him. Ever since, even while he lives, O Saviour, while thou spakest to thy the whole body is covered; but the face, Father, thou liftedst up thine eyes; now because some sparks of that extinct mathou art to speak unto dead Lazarus, thou jesty remain there, is wont to be left open. liftedst up thy voice, and criedst aloud, In death, all those poor remainders being “ Lazarus, come forth.” Was it that the gone, and leaving deformity and ghastliness strength of the voice might answer to the in the room of them, the face is covered strength of the affection ? since we faintly also. require what we care not to obtain, and! There lies Lazarus, bound in double fetvehemently utter what we earnestly desire : ters : one almighty word hath loosed both, was it, that the greatness of the voice might and now, “he that was bound came forth." answer to the greatness of the work? was He whose power could not be hindered by it, that the hearers might be witnesses of the chains of death, cannot be hindered by what words were used in so miraculous linen bands; he that gave life, gave motion, an act — no magical incantations, but au- gave direction; he that guided the soul of thoritative and divine commands ? was it to | Lazarus into the body, guided the body of signify, that Lazarus' soul was called from Lazarus without his eyes, moved the feet far? the speech must be loud that shall be without the full liberty of his regular paces: heard in another world : was it in relation | no doubt, the same power slackened those to the estate of the body of Lazarus, whom swathing bands of death, that the feet might thou hadst reported to sleep? since those have some little scope to move, though not that are in a deep and dead sleep cannot with that freedom that followed after. Thou be awaked without a loud call : or was it didst not only, O Saviour, raise the body in a representation of that loud voice of the of Lazarus, but the faith of the beholders. last trumpet, which shall sound into all They cannot deny him dead, whom they graves, and raise all flesh from their dust? saw rising: they see the signs of death,
Even so still, Lord, when thou wouldst with the proofs of life; those very swathes
convinced him to be the man that was Taised. They less miracle confirms the COSTEMPLATION XXV.- CHEIST'S PROCES greater; both confirm the faith of the be.
SIOS TO THE TEXPLE. holders. O clear and irrefragable example of our resuscitation! Say now, ye share. NEVER did our Sariour take so much less Suiducees, with what face can ye state upon him as now, that he was going deny the resurrection of the body, when ye towards his passion : ocber journeys le see Lazarus, after four days' death, rising measured on foot, without noise or train; up out of his grave? And if Lazarus did this with a princely equipage and loud acthus start up at the tleating of this Lambclamation. Wherein yet, O Saviour, shall of God, that was now every day preparing I more wonder at thy majesty, or thine hu. for ihe slaughter-house, how shall the dead mility; that divine majesty which lay bid be roused up out of their graves, by the under so humble appearance, or that sin. roaring of that glorious and immortal Lion, cere humility whiclı veiled so great a glory? whose voice shall shake the powers of hea. Thou, O Lord, whose chariots are twenty ven, and move the very foundations of the thousand, even thousands of angels, would-t earth!
make choice of thie silliest of beasts to carry With what strange amazedness do we thee in thy last and royal progress. How think that Martha and Marv, the Jews well is the birth suited with the triumph and the disciples, looked to see Lazarus even that very ass whereon chou rodest was come forth in his winding sheet, shackled prophesied of; neither couldst thou hare with his linen fetters, and walk towards made up those vatical predictions without them? Doubtless fear and horror strove in this conveyance. O glorious, and yet homethem, whether should be for the time more ly pomp! predominant. We love our friends dearly; Thou wouldst not lose aught of thy right; but to see them again after their knoun thou, that wast a king, wouldst be pro. death, and that in the very robes of the claimed so: but that it might appear thy grave, must needs set up the hair in a kind kingdom was not of this world, thou that of uncouth rigour. And now, though it had couldst have commanded all worldly mag. been most easy for him that brake the ada-nificence, thoughtst fit to abandon it. mantine fetters of death, to have broke in Instead of the kings of the earth, wlio, pieces those lineu ligaments where with his reigning by thee, might bave been employed raised Lazarus was encumbered, yet he will in thine attendance, the people are thrine not do it but by their hands. He that said, heralds; their homely garments are thy • Remove the stone," said, “ Loose Laza-foot-cloth and carpets; their green bouglis rus." He will not have us expect his imme- the strewings of thy way; those palnis, diate help, in that we can do for ourselves. which were wont to be borne in the hands It is both a laziness, and a presumptuous of them that triumph, are strewed under tempting of God. to look for an extraordi. the feet of thy beast. It was thy greatness nary and supernatural help from God, and honour to contemn those glories which where he hath enabled us with common worldly hearts were wont to admire. aid.
Justly did thy followers hold the best What strange salutations do we think orvaments of the earth wortiiy of no better there were betwixt Lazarus and Christ that than thy treading upon ; neither could they had raised him; bet wixt Lazarus and his ever account their garments so rich, as sisters, and neighbours, and friends! what when they had been trampled upon by thy amized looks! what unusual compliments! | carriage. How happily did they think their for Lazarus was himself at once : here was back disrobed for thy way! how gladly did no leisure of degrees to reduce him to his they spend their breath in acclaiming thee! wonted perfection, neither did he stay to “ Hosanna to the Son of David! blessed is rub his eyes, and stretch his benumbed he that cometh in the name of the Lord!" limbs, nor take time to put off that dead Where now are the great masters of the sleep wherewith he had been seized; but synagogue, that had enacted the ejection of instantly he is both alive, and fresh, and vin whosoever should confess Jesus to be the gorous; if they do but let him go, he walks Christ? Lo, here bold and undaunted so as if he had ailed nothing, and receives clients of the Messiah, that dare proclaim a'id gives mutual gratulations. I leave them him in the public road, in the open streets. entert..iming ea: other with glad embraces, In vain shall the impotent enemies of Christ with discourses of reciprocal admiration, hope to suppress his glory: as soon shall willi praises and adorations of that God they with their hand hide the face of the oond Saviour that had fetched him into life. sun from shining to the world, as withhold
the beams of his divine truth from the eyes | helps to stir up others' expectation : such of men, by their envious opposition. In was this of Jerusalem. spite of all Jewish malignity, his kingdom What means this strangeness? Was not is contessed, applauded, blessed.
| Jerusalem the spouse of Christ? had he not “O thou fairer than the children of men, chosen her out of all the earth? had lie in thy majesty ride prosperously, because not begotten many children of her, as the of truth, and meekness, and righteousness: / pledges of their love? How justly mayest and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible thou now, O Saviour, complain with that things."
mirror of patience, “ My breath was grown In this princely, and yet poor and des. strange to my own wife, though I entreated picable pomp, doth our Saviour enter into her for the children's sake of my own body!" the famous city of Jerusalem ; Jerusalem, Even of thee is that fulfi led, which ihy noted of old for the seat of kings, priests, chosen vessel said of thy ministers, thou prophets : of kings, for there was the throne art "made a gazing-stock to the world, to of David; of priests, for there was the tem- angels, and to men." ple; of propliets, for tliere they delivered As all the world was bound to thee for their errands, and left their blood. Neither thy incarnation and residence upon the face know I whether it were more wonder for a of the earth, so especially Judea, to whose prophet to perish out of Jerusalem, or to limits thou confinedst tlıyself, and therein, be safe there. Thither would Jesus come above all the rest, three cities, Nazareth as a king, as a priest, as a prophet: ac Capernaum, Jerusalem, on whom tlou beclaimed as a King, teaching the people, and stowedst the most time and cost of preachforetelling the woful vastation of it as a | ing, and miraculous works: yet in all three prophet; and as a priest, taking posses. thou receivedst not strange entertainment sion of his temple, and vindicating it from only, but hostile. In Nazareth they wouid the foul profanations of Jewish sacrilege. have thee cast down headlong from the Oft before had he come to Jerusalem with-mount: in Capernaum they would have out any remarkable change, because with- bound thee; in Jerusalem they crucified out any semblance of state : now that he thee at last, and now are amazed at thy gives some litile glimpse of his royalty, “the presence. Those places and persons that whole city was moved.” When the sages of have the greatest helps and privileges af. the East brought the first news of the king forded them, are not always the most anof the Jews, “ Herod was troubled, and all swerable in the return of their thankfulness. Jerusalem with him :" and now that the Christ's being amongst us, dotlı not make us King of the Jews comes himself, though in happy, but his welcome. Every day may so mean a port, there is a new commotion. we hear him in our streets, and yet be as The silence and obscurity of Christ never new to seek as these citizens of Jerusalem ; trouble the world : he may be an under. “ Who is this?" ling without any stir: but if he do but put Was it a question of applause, or of conforth himself never so little, to hear the tempt, or of ignorance? Applause of his least sway amongst men, now their blood abettors, contempt of the Scribes and Phariis up, the whole city is moved: neither is sees, ignorance of the multitude. Surely his it otherwise in the private economy of the abettors had not been moved at this sight soul. O Saviour, while thou dost, as it the Scribes and Pharisees had rather envied were, bide chyself, and lie still in the heart, than contemned; the multitude, doubtless, and takest all ternis contentedly from us, inquired seriously, out of a desire of in. we entórtain thee with no other than a forination. Not that the citizens of Jerusafriendly welcome; but when thou once belem knew not Christ, wlio was so ordinary ginnest to ruffle with our corruptions, and a guest, so noted a prophet amongst them. to exercise thy spiritual power in the sub. Questionless, this question was asked of jugation of our vile affections, now all is in that part of the train which went before a secret uproar, all the angles of the heart this triumph, while our Saviour was not are moved.
yet in sight, which, ere lony, his presence Although, doubtless, this commotion was had resolved. It had been their duty to not so much of tumult, as wonder. As have known, to have attended Christ, yea, wlien some uncouth sighit presents itself in to have published him to others : since this a populous street, men run, and gaze, and is not done, it is well yet that they spend throng, and inquire : the feet, the tongue, their breath in an inquiry. No doubt there the eyes walk; one spectator draws on an- were many that would not so much as leave other; one asks and presses another; the their shop-board. and step to their doors, anise increases with the concourse ; each or their windows, to say, “ Who is this?"
as not thinking it could concern them who If we make profession of the truth accord passed by, while they might sit still. Those ing to our knowledge, though there be auch Greeks were in some way to good, that imperfection in our apprehension and ds. could say to Philip, “ We would see Jesus." | livery, the mercy of our good God take: O Saviour, thou hast been so long amongst well; not judging us for what we have dit us, that it is our just shame if we know but accepting us in what we have. Sbou'ds: thee not. If we have been slack hitherto, thou, O God, stand strictly upon the pube. let our zealous inquiry make amends for our tual degrees of knowledge, how wide wool neglect. Let outward pomp and worldly | it go with millions of souls! for, besides glory draw the hearts and tongues of carnal much error in many, there is more ignorance. men after them: O let it be my care and But herein do we justly magnify and ador: happiness, to ask after nothing but thee. thy goodness, that, where thou findest dis
The attending disciples could not be to gent endeavour of better information, match seek for an answer; which of the prophets ed with an honest simplicity of heart, tbou have not put it into their mouths, “ Who passest by our un willing defects, and crownis this?” Ask Moses, and he shall tell you, est our well-meant confessions. « The seed of the woman that shall break But O the wonderful hand of God, is the serpent's head.” Ask our father Jacob, the carriage of this whole business ! TEE and he shall tell you, “ The Shiloh of the people proclaimed Christ first a king, and tribe of Judah." Ask David, and he shall now they proclaim him a prophet. Whr tell you, “ The King of glory.” Ask Isaiah, did not the Roman bands run into arcs he shall tell you, “Immanuel, Wonderful, upon the one? why did not the Scribes and Counsellor, the Mighty God, the Everlast. Pharisees, and the envious priesthood, ing Father, the Prince of Peace.” Ask mutiny upon the other? They had made Jeremiah, and he shall tell you, “ The decrees against him, they had laid wait for Righteous Branch." Ask Daniel, he shall him; yet now he passes in state throca tell you, “ The Messiah.” Ask John the their streets, acclaimed both a King and a Baptist, he shall tell you, “ The Lamb of Prophet, without their reluctation. Whx God.” If ye ask the God of the prophets, | can we impute this unto, but to the power. he hath told you, “ This is my beloved Son, ful and overruling arm of his Godhead! in whom I am well pleased.” Yea, if all | He that restrained the rage of Herod and these be too good for you to consult with, his courtiers, upon the first news of a king the devils themselves have been forced to born, now restrains all the opposite poses sav, “I know who thou art, even that Holy | of Jerusalem, from lifting up a finger against One of God.” On no side hath Christ left this last and public avouchment of the real himself without a testimony; and accord. and prophetical office of Christ. Wheo ingly the multitude here have their answer flesh and blood have done their worst, tbet ready, “ This is Jesus, the prophet of Na. can be but such as he will make them. I zareth in Galilee.”
the legions of hell combine with the potenYe undervalue your Master, O ye well-tates of the earth, they cannot go berood meaning followers of Christ : “A prophet, the reach of their tether. Whether ther yea, more than a prophet !" John Baptist rise or sit still, they shall, by an insensible was so, yet was but the harbinger of this ordination, perform that will of the Al Messiah. This was that God by whommighty which they least think of, and most the prophets were both sent and inspired. oppose. “Of Nazareth,” say you? ye mistake him: With this humble pomp and just accia Bethlehem was the place of his birth, the mation, O Saviour, dost thou pass through proof of his tribe, the evidence of his Mes the streets of Jerusalem to the temple. siahship. If Nazareth were honoured by Thy first walk was not to Herod's palace. his preaching, there was no reason he should or to the market places or burses of that be dishonoured by Nazareth. No doubt, populous city, but to the temple; whether he whom you confessed, pardoned the error it were out of duty, or out of need: as a of your confession. Ye spake but accord. | good son, when he comes from far, his firs ing to the common style. The two dis-alighting is at his father's house; Deither ciples in their walk to Emmaus, after the would he think it other than preposterous death and resurrection of Christ, gave him to visit strangers before his friends, ar no other title. This belief passed current friends before his father. Besides that the with the people, and thus high even the temple had more use of thy presence; both vulgar thoughts could then rise : and, no there was the most disorder, and from thence, doubt, even thus much was for that time as from a corrupt spring, it issued forth inte very acceptable to the Father of inercies. all the channels of Jerusalem. A rise
physician inquires first into the state of the the chastisements of our peace? Is this head, heart, liver, stomach, the vital and that quiet Lamb, which before his shearers chief parts, ere he asks after the petty openeth not his mouth? See now how his symptoms of the meaner and less-concern- eyes sparkle with holy anger, and dart forth ing members. Surely all good or evil be- beams of indignation in the faces of these gins at the temple. If God have there his guilty money-changers: see how his hands own, if men find there nothing but whole | deal strokes and ruin. Yea, thus, thus it some instruction, holy example, the com- became thee, O thou gracious Redeemer of monwealth cannot want some happy tinc- men, to let the world see that thou hast
ture of piety, devotion, sanctimony; as that not lost thy justice in thy mercy; that there I fragrant perfume from Aaron's head sweet- is not more lenity in thy forbearances, than
ens his utmost skirts; contrarily, the dis- rigour in that just severity; that thou canst tempers of the temple cannot but affect the thunder, as well as shine. secular state. As, therefore, the good hus. This was not thy first act of this kind; bandman, when he sees the leaves grow at the entrance of thy public work thou beyellow, and the branches unthriving, looks gannest so, as thou now shuttest up, with presently to the root; so didst thou, O holy purging thine house. Once before had Saviour, upon sight of the disorders spread these offenders been whipped out of that over Jerusalem and Judea, address thyself holy place, which now they dare again deto the rectifying of the temple.
file. Shame and smart are not enough to No sooner is Christ alighted at the gate reclaim obdured offenders. Gainful sins are of the outer court of his Father's house, not easily checked, but less easily mastered. than he falls to work: reformation was his These bold flies, where they are beaten errand ; that he roundly attempts. That off, will alight again: “ He that is filthy, holy ground was profaned by sacrilegious will be filthy still." barterings: within the third court of that Oft yet had our Saviour been, besides sacred place was a public mart held; here this, in the temple, and often had seen the was a throng of buyers and sellers, though same disorder; he doth not think fit to be not of all commodities; the Jews were not always whipping. It was enough thus so irreligious, only of those things which twice to admonish and chastise them be. were for the use of sacrifice. The Israel-fore their ruin. That God, who hates sin ites came many of them from far; it was always, will not chide always, and strikes no less from Dan to Beersheba than the more seldom; but he would have those few space of a hundred and threescore miles ; strokes perpetual monitors; and if those neither could it be without much inconveni prevail not, he smites but once. It is his ence for them to bring their bullocks, sheep, uniform course, first the whip, and, if that goats, lambs, meal, oil, and such other holy speed not, then the sword. provision with them up to Jerusalem. Or. There is a reverence due to God's house der was taken by the priests, that these for the Owner's sake, for the service's sake. might, for money, be had close by the al. Secular and profane actions are not for that tar, to the ease of the offerer, and for the sacred roof, much less uncivil and beastly. benefit of the seller, and perhaps no dis What but holiness can become that place profit to themselves. The pretence was fair, which is the “ beauty of holiness?" the practice unsufferable. The great Owner The fairest pretences cannot bear out a of the temple comes to vindicate the repu- sin with God. Never could there be more tation and rights of his own house; and, in plausible colours cast upon any act; the an indignation at that so foul abuse, lays convenience, the necessity of provisions for fiercely about him, and, with his three. the sacrifice: yet through all these do the stringed scourge, whips out those sacrile. fiery eyes of our Saviour see the foul cogious chapmen, casts down their tables, vetousness of the priests, the fraud of the throws away their baskets, scatters their money-changers, the intolerable abuse of heaps, and sends away their customers with the temple. Common eyes may be cheat. smart and horror.
ed with easy pretexts; but he that looks With what fear and astonishment did through the heart at the face, justly answers the repining offenders look upon so unex our apologies with scourges. pected a justicer, while their conscience None but the hand of public authority lashed them more than those cords, and must reform the abuses of the temple. If the terror of that meek chastiser more all be out of course there, no man is barred affrighted them than his blows! Is this from sorrow: the grief may reach to all, that mild and gentle Saviour that came to the power of reformation only to those take upon him our stripes, and to undergo | whom it concerneth. It was but a just