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310. EMPHASIS-by prolongation, and de- Proverbs. 1. A mind conscious of its integpressed monotone : that is, quantity of voice rity,--is a most noble possession. 2. In acquiron the first, second, or third note: it is some- ing knowledge, consider how you may render it times used in the grave and sublime, and pro- useful to society. 3. Avoid undue excitement on duces astonishing effects. Monotony-occurs trivial occasions. 4. When engaged in a good when the voice is inflected neither up nor cause, never look back. 5. Poverty--is no excuse down, but is confined to a few words." The for sinning. 6. Never repeat in one company, figures refer to the notes of the diatonic what is said in another; for all conversation, is scale. The following free translation of a tacitly understood—to be confidential. 7. Let paragraph from one of Cicero's orations, will reason--go before every enterprise, and counsel
before every action. 8. Look on slanderers--as as a good illustration: but no one should attempt it, without committing it to honesty, and humanity. 9. Divisions, and con
enemies to society; as persons destitute of honor, memory.
tentions--are upheld by pride, and self-love. 10. 311. (COMMENCE ON THE FOURTH NOTE.) | Patience, when subjected to trials that are too “I appeal to you— ye hills, and groves of severe, is sometimes converted into rage. ll. (5) Alba, and your demolished (6) altars! I Avoid match-makers. 12. Virtue is often call you to (8) WITNESS! (4) whether your laughed al. (5) altars, your (6) divinities, your (8) POW- Anecdote. Lord Albermarle-was the ERS! (5) which Clodius had polluted with all lover of Mademoiselle Gaucher, (Gaw-shay.) kinds of (6) wickedness, (5) did not (4) avenge As they were walking together one evening, themselves, when this wretch was (3) extir- he perceived her eyes fixed on a star, and pated. (1) And thou, O holy (2) Jupiter! (3) said to her “Do not look at it, my dear ; I from the (4) height of this (5) sacred (6) cannot give it you.” “Never,” says Marmount, whose lakes-and groves--he had so montel, “ did love-express itself more delioften (3) contaminated.”
cately." COLUMBIA! Columbia ! to glory arise,
Law—is law-law-is law; and as in The queen of the world, and the child of the skies; Thy genius commands thee ; with rapture behold,
such, and so forth, and hereby, and aforesaid, While ages--on ages thy splendors unfold.
provided always, nevertheless, notwithstandThy reign is the last--and the noblest of time;
ing. Law—is like a country dance; people Most fruitful thy soil, most inviting thy dime;
are led up and down in it, till they are tired. Let the crimes of the east-ne'er encrimson thy name ; Be freedom, and science, and virtue—thy fame.
Law—is like a book of surgery; there are a 312. The only way in which children, or great many desperate cases in it. It is also adults, can be taught to read, or speak, natu- like physic; they that take the least of it, are rally, is—to memorize short or longer sen- best off. Law—is like a homely gentlewotences, and deliver them in a perfectly intelli- man, very well to follow. Law—is also like gent, impressive, and unrestrained manner.
a scolding wife, very bad when it follows us. Abcdarians: first teach them the sounds of
Law-is like a new fashion, people are bethe vowels; then of the consonants, inter
witched to get into it: it is also like bad spersing the exercises with select, or original weather, most people are glad when they get
out of it. sentences. Ex. “ Time and tidewait for no man.” Or, if it is a rainy day, “This is
Varieties. 1. Are we not apt to be proud 8 very rainy day.” If pleasant, “This is a
of that, which is not our own? 2. It is a less delightful day.” Which sentences, after be. crime-to gnaw a man's fingers with your ing recited in concert, should be spoken by teeth, than to mangle his reputation with the class individually. In this way, even your tongue. 3. It is better to yield gracesmall children may be taught a great variety fully, than to be held up as a spectacle of of things, natural and spiritual, and an im- vanquished, yet impertinent obstinacy. 4. mense field of usefulness opened before the Really learned persons-never speak of havmind of the real teacher: i. e. one who teach-ing finished their education: for they cones from the love of teaching; and no others tinue students, as long as they live. 5. Equivoshould engage in it.
cation-is a mere expedient—to avoid telling Notes. 1. Remember the figures, placed before words in the truth, without verbally telling a lie. 6. sentences, indicate the pitch of voice, and have reference to the True philosophy and contempt of the Deity, diatonic note; they are aids to break up the monotonous delivery. are diametrically opposed to each other. 7. 2. Still continue your efforts to smooth the apparent roughness of Sensual gnod, has sensual truth for its object; the notations, in regard to the dash, (-) pauses, (,;:?!) and natural good has an order of natural truth, Emphasis : glide out of the mechanical into the natural. There is, in every human heart,
and spiritual good has spiritual truth, agreeSome-not completely barren part,
ing with the spiritual sense of the Bible. Where seeds of truth-and love might grow, No flocks, that range the valley free, And flowers--of generous virtue blow;
To slaughter--do I condemn : To plant, to watch, to water there
Taught by that power, that pities me,
I learn to pity them.
313. Rules. It is impossible to give Proverbs. 1. A great fortune, in the hands rules—for reading every sentence, or indeed of a fool, is a great mis-fortune. 2. Too many any sentence; much more is left to the pupil, resolve, then re-resolve, and die the same. 3. than can be written. All that is here at- Never give the tongue full liberty, but keep it tempted-is, a meagre outline of the subject; under control. 4. Character--is the measure of enough, however, for every one who is deter- man and woman. 5. We may die of a surfeit, as mined to succeed, and makes the necessary and an instrument. 7. If we meet evil company,
well as of hunger. 6. Truth—is an ornament, application ; and too much for such as are it is no reason we should keep it. 8. Provide of an opposite character. The road is point- for the worst, but hope for the best. 9. Though ad out, and all the necessaries provided for he is wise, that can teach the most, yet he, that the journey; but each must do the traveling, learns, and practices what he learns, is wiser. or abide the consequences. Be what ought 10. Never be without good books. 11. Time to be, and success is yours.
is the herald of truth. 12. Manners make the (3) No radiant pearl, which crested fortune wears,
13. Dissembled holiness, is double ini(4) No gem, that twinkling, hangs from beauty's ears :
quity. 14. Conscience is in the chamber of (5) Nor the bright stars, which night's blue arch adorn,
justice. (6) Nor rising sun-that gilds the eternal morn,(8) Shine--with such lustre, as the tear that breaks,
Oratory. Eloquence--may be considered (6) For other's woe, down virtue's manly cheek.
as the soul, or animating principle of disIn reading, (rather reciting) these beautiful course; and is dependent on intellectual lines, the voice commences, as indicated by energy, and intellectual attainments. Elothe figures, gradually rises, then yields a lit- cution—is the embodying form, or representle; till it comes to the word "shine,' which tative power ; dependent on exterior accomis on the 8th note; and then it gradually de- plishments, and on the cultivation of the orscends to the close; because such are the gans. Oratory—is the complicated and vital thoughts, and the feclings. Get the inside; existence, resulting from the perfect harmony never live out of doors; grasp the thoughts, and combination of Eloquence and Elocution. and then let the words flow from feeling. Varieties. 1. Is there not the same dif
314. OPENING THE Mouth. This is ference between actual and hereditary evil, among the most important duties of the elo- as between an inclination to do a thing, and cutionist, and singer ; more fail in this par- the commission of the act? 2. Whoever has ticular, than in any other: indistinctness and flattered his friend successfully, must at once stammering are the sad effects of not open- think himself a knave, and his friend a fool. ing the mouth wide enough. Let it be your 3. Unfriended, indeed, is he, who has no first object to obtain the proper positions of friend good enough-to tell him his faults. the vocal organs: for which purpose, practice 4. If those, who are called good singers, the vocal analysis, as here presented. The were as sensible of their errors in reading, as first effort is--separating the lips and teeth; they would be, if similar ones were made which will not only enable you to inhale and in their singing, they would be exceedingly exhale freely, through the nose, when speak- mortified, and chagrined. 5. The sacred ing and singing, but avoid uneasiness in the light of Scripture-should be shed upon the chest, and an unpleasant distortion of the fea- canvas of the world's history, as well as on tures. The second is, a simultaneous action that of humanity. 6. The theology of creaof the lips, teeth, and tongue: let these re- tion-was revealed to the earliest ages; and marks be indelibly stamped upon your the science of creation, is now beginning to memory; for they are of immense practical be revealed to us. 7. What is most spiritual importance.
-is most rational, if rightly understood; Anecdote. Alexander and the Pirate. and it also admits of a perfect illustrationWe too often judge of men--by the splendor, by rational and natural things: to follow and not the merit of their actions. Alexan- God, and to follow right-and pure reason, der-demanded of the Pirate, whom he had is all one ; and we never give offence to Him, taken, by what right—he infested the seas? | if we do that, which such a reason requires. “By the same right,” replied he boldly, “that you enslave the world. I-am called a I dreamed-I saw a little rosy child,
With flaxen ringlets-in a garden playing; robber, because I have only one small vessel ;
Now stopping here, and then afar off straying, but you are called a conqueror, because you
As flower, or butterfly-his feet beguiled. command great fleets and navies."
'Twas changed. One summer's day I stept aside, The best contrived deceit
To let him pass; his face-and manhood seeming,
And that full eye of blue-was fondly beaming
On a fair maiden, whom he called “his Bride !"
Once more; 'twas autunn, and the cheerful fire
I saw a group-of youthful forms surrounding,
The room-with harmless pleasantry resounding, The man, that's resolute, and just,
And, in the midst, I marked the smiling Sire. Firm to his principles and trust,
The heavens were clouded! and I heard the tone, Nor hopes, nor fears,--can bind.
Of a slovam-moving bell—the white haired man was gone.
THE PROGRESS OF LIFE.
315. As Emphasis is the same thing as Proverbs. 1. Nothing overcomes passion Accent, only more of it; so, it is inseparably sooner than silence. 2. Precepts--may lead, but connected with the Pauses ; indeed, what- examples-draw. 3. Rebel not against the dictates ever distinguishes one word from the others, of reason and conscience. 4. Sincerity—is the pamay be called Emphasis; which is some rent of truth. 5. The loquacity of fools-is a lectimes only another name for Expression: it ture to the wise. 6. Unruly passions—destroy the is, at least, one of the mediums of expression. peace of the soul. 7. Valor—can do but little,
without discretion. 8. Modesty—is one of the chief Hence, Emphasis is often exhibited in connection with a Rhetorical Pause, placed be- ornaments of youth. 9. Never insult the poor;
poverty—entitles one to our pity. 10. Our reputafore, or after, emphatic words, which may tion, virtue, and happiness—greatly depend on the be elevated, or depressed, with force and quan- choice of our companions. 11. Wisdom—is the tity, according to sentiment. When this greatest wealth. 12. Pride—is a great thief. pause is made after the important word, or
Laconics. No more certain is it, that the words, it causes the mind to revert to what flower was made to waft perfume, than that was last said; and when it is made before woman's destiny-is a ministry of love, a life such word, the mind is led to anticipate of the affections. something worthy of particular attention.
Varieties. 1. Those authors, (says Dr. The book is full of illustrations.
Johnson,) are to be read at school, that supply 316. Ex. 1. BENEVOLENCE—is one of the most axioms of prudence, and most principles brightest gems-in the crown of christian per- of moral truth. 2. The little and short sayfection. 2. Melody—is an agreeable succes- ings of wise and excellent men, (saith Bishop sion of sounds; Harmony - an agreeable Tillotson,) are of great value ; like the dust concordance of sounds. 3. Homer_was the of gold, or, the least sparks of diamonds. 3. greater genius ; Virgil—the better artist : The idle, who are wise rather for this world in one, we most admire the man; in the other than the next, are fools at large. 4. Let all -the work; Homer-hurries us with com- your precepts be succint, and clear, that manding impetuosity; Virgil-leads us with ready wits may comprehend them. 5. None an attractive majesty. Homer-scatters with better guard against a cheat, than he, who a generous profusion; Virgil-bestows, with is a knave complete. 6. Scarcely an ill—to a careful magnificence. 4. What man could human life—belongs; but what our follies do, is done already ; (8) HEAVEN — and (5) cause, or mutual wrongs. 7. What our Lord earth-will witness,-if-R-o-m-e-m-u-s-t said to all, is applicable to all, at all times; f-a-ll,—that we are innocent.
namely, “watch,"-and it appears to relate Note. Prolong the words with the hyphens between the to the admission of every thought and desire,
into the mind. 317. POLITICAL ECONOMY-teaches us THE MOTHER PERISHING IN A SNOW-STORM. to investigate the nature, sources, and proper night-time, while
traveling over a spur of the Green Mountains
“In the year 1821, a Mrs. Blake perished in a snow-storm in the uses of national wealth; it seems to bear the in Vermont. She had an infant
with her, which was found alive same relation to the whole country, that Do- and well in the morning, being carefully wrapped in the mother's mestic Economy does to an individual fami- clothing." ly: for, tho' it generally relates to the wealth The cold winds-swept the mountain's height, of nations, it leads us to examine many points
And pathless—was the dreary wild, of comfort and well-being, that are closely And, ʼmid the cheerless hours of night,
A mother wander'd-with her child : connected with the acquisition, and expendi- As through the drifting snow she press’d, ture of property. Its connection with legis. The babe-was sleeping on her breast. lation and government are self-evident; yet and colder still the winds did blow, every one may derive important lessons, from
And darker hours of night came on, a knowledge of its facts and principles.
And deeper grew the drifting snow : Anecdote. All have their Care. Two Her limbs--were chill'd, her strength-was gone: merchants, conversing together about the “Oh, God!" she cried, in accents wild, hardness of the times, and observing a flock"If I must perish, save my child !" of pigeons, one said to the other, -"How She strippd her mantle from her breast, happy those pigeons are! they have no bills And bared her bosom to the storm, and acceptances to provide for.” “Indeed," And round the child—she wrapp'd the vest, said the other,“ you are much mistaken; for And smiled to think her babe was warm. they have their bills to provide for as well as With one cold kiss-one tear she shed,
And sunk-upon her snowy bed. When adverse winds—and waves arise, At dawn-a traveler passed by, And in my heart-despondence sighs;
And saw herneath a snowy vail; When life-her throng of cares reveals,
The frost of death-was in her eye, And weakness-o'er my spirit steals,
Her cheek was cold, and hard, and pale; Grateful-I hear the kind decree,
He moved the robe from off the child, "That, as my day, my strength-shall be." The babe look'd up and sweetly smiled'
318. EMPAASIS, in connection with the Proverbs. 1. Every thing—tends to educate Rhetorical Pause. 1. A friend cannot be us. 2. Always have a good object in view. 3. Acknown-in prosperity; and an enemy can- tions-should be led by knowledge ; and knowledge not be hidden-in adversity.
followed by actions. 4. It is better to be saved withPassions-are winds—to urge us o'er the wave, out a precedent, than damned by example. 5. There REASON--the rudder-to director save.
is no security among evil companions. 6. Never be He-raised a mortal-to the skies,
unwilling to teach, if you know; nor ashamed to SHE-drew an angel-down.
learn, if you can. 7. Better yourself when young;
you will want rest in old age. 8. When you find 4. Charity-suffereth long, and is (3) kind:(4) yourself inclined to be angry, speak in a low tone charity-envieth not; (5) charity-vaunteth of voice. 9. Bear—and forbear—is excellent phinot itself; (3) is not puffed up; (4) doth not losophy. 10. Seek—and practice--the TRUTH, and behave itself (5) unseemly; (6) seeketh not you are made-forever. 11. Lookers on see, more her own; (5) is not easily (4) provoked ; (3) than players. 12. Wake not a sleeping lion. thinketh no evil; (5) rejoiceth-not in (4)
Laconics. Sincerity-should be the pruiniquity, but (5) rejoiceth in the truth ; (4) ning-knife of friendship, and not the monbeareth all things; (5) believeth all things, (6) ster scythe-of an unfeeling rudeness, which, hopeth all things; (7) endureth all things; for one weed that it eradicates, mows down a (6) CHARITY-(8) NEVER faileth.
dozen of those tender flowers, which bloom319. THE THREE DEGREES OF SPEECH. only on our affections. There are three different modes in which one may read and speak; only two of which, un
Varieties. 1. Qur Orators, (says Cicero,) der any circumstances, can be right. The are, as it were, the acTORS of truth itself; first is reading and speaking by word, and the players are the IMITATORS of truth. without having any regard to the sentiment; 2. Whence this disdain of life, in every the second is--reading or speaking only by breast, but from a notion-on their minds word and thought; and the third is-read- impress’d, that all, who, for their country die, ing and speaking by word, thought and feel- are bless'd. 3. You'll find the friendship of ling all combined, and appropriately man
the world--is show; all-OUTWARD show. ifested. In the Greek language, we find these 4. Errors, like straws upon the surface flow: three modes definitly marked by specific He, who would search for pearls-must dive words, such as lalleo, EIPO and EIRO. Chil- below. 5. What you keep by you, you may dren are usually taught the first, instead of change and mend; but words, once spoke, the third, and then the second and third can never be recalled. 6. Let thy discourse combined: hence, very few of them ever be such, that thou mayest give profit to othhave any conception of the meaning of the ers, or, from them receive. 7. Beware of ever words they use, or of the subject matter about exceeding the boundaries of truth, in any which they are reading: they seem to regard form; for the mind loses strength, whenevthese as something foreign to the object. er it puts its foot beyond the circle, or passes Here we again see the natural truth of an
the boundaries. other scripture declaration: “The letter killeth: the spirit giveth LIFE."
All hail! thou lovely queen of night, And from the prayer of want, the plaint of woe ;
Bright empress of the stary sky!
The meekness—of thy silvery light
Beams gladness on the gazer's eye,
While, from thy peerless throne on high
Thou shinest bright—as cloudless noon, To others do—(the law is not severe;) What-to thyself-thou wishest to be done;
And bidd'st the shades of darkness fly Forgive thy foes, and love thy parents dear,
Before thy glory-Harvest moon! And friends and native land; nor those alone, (own.
In the deep stillness of the night, All human weal, or woe, learn thou to make thine
When weary labor is at rest, Anecdote. Mahomet-made his people
How lovely is the scene!-how bright
The wood—the lawn-the mountain's breast, believe, that he would call a hill to him; and,
When thou, fair moon of Harvest, hast from the top of it, offer up his prayers for the
Thy radiant glory all unfurled, observers of his law. The people assembled;
And sweetly smilest in the west, Mahomet called the hill again and again to
Far down-upon the silent world. come to him; and the hill not moving, he
Shine on, fair orb of light! and smile was not at all abashed at it; but put it off
Till autumn months--have passed away. with a jest; saying—“If the hill will not
And labor-hath forgot the toil oome to Mahomet, he will go to the hill."
He bore-in summer's sultry ray; When people--once are in the wrong,
And when the reapers-end the day, Each line they add-is much too long ;
Tired with the burning heat of noon, Who fastest walks, but walks astray,
They'll come with spirits light and gay, Is only furthest—from his way.
And bless thee-lovely Harvest Moon!
THE HARVEST MOON.
320. EMPHASIS—by a pause just before, their sensible and passing forms; the world, or after, the important word. The pause be- wearing the marks of its Maker, whose stamp
fore--awakens curiosity, and excites expec- is everywhere visible, and whose character tation; after--carries back the mind to what is legible to all, who are willing to underwas last said. How would a tyrant, after stand, and would become happy. having ruled with a rod of iron, and shown Proverbs. 1. An oak tree-is not felled with compassion to none, speak of his own death, a blow. 2. Beware of him, who is obliged to in allusion to the setting sun, in a tropical guard his reputation. 3. Concealing faults — is climate; where the sun is severely hot as long but adding to them. 4. Defile not your mouth with as it shines, and when it sets, it is very soon impure words. 5. Envy-preys on itself; flattery dark? 1. (5) “And now--my race of ter- 1-is nauseous—to the truly wise. 6. Gluttony
kills more than the sword. 7. Hasty resolutions ror-run, (6) Mine--be the eve of tropic (6) sun; No pale (6) gradationsm-quench his seldom speed well
. 8. Inconstancy-is the attend
ant of a weak mind. 9. Keep good company, ray; (5) No twilight (7) dews-his wrath al- and be one of the number. 10. While one is base, lay: (4) With (5) disk, (like battle target)-
none can be entirely free and noble. 11. Sin-is red, (6) He rushes--t his burning bed, (5) the parent of disease. 12. Oftener ask, than decide Dyes the wide wave--with bloody (6) light ; questions. 13. Avoid all superfluities. Then sinks - at once --(2) and all is (1)
Anecdote. Witty Reply. A gentleman night.” The last clause, pronounced in a lately complimented a lady, on her improved deep monotone, and a pause before it, adds much to its beauty and grandeur. 2. “Will said the lady. “Not so," replied he; " for
appearance. “You are guilty of flattery," all great Neptune's ocean-wash—this blood -clean-from my hands ? No: these, my first," said she,-"I thought you guilty of
you are as plump as a partridge.” “At hands, will rather the multitudinous sea--in; fattery only; but I now find you actually carnadine: making the green(1) one red.” make game of me.” Macbeth's hands are so deeply stained, that,
Mark to Hit. Never forget, that by your to wash them in the ocean, would make it red
advancement, you have become an object of with blood.
envy.to those whom you have outstripped SATAN, LAMENTING THE LOSS OF HEAVEN, AND
-in the race of life, and a tacit reproach-to “Is this the region, this the soil, the clime,". their want of energy or capacity, which they Said then the lost archangel, “this the seat, never forgive. You must, therefore, lay your That we must change-for heaven!
account--to be made a mark for“ envy, haThis the mournful gloom
tred, and malice, and all uncharitableness.” For that CELESTIAL LIGHT? Farewell, happy fields,
Varieties. 1. We have three orders, or Where joy-forever dwells. Hail, horrors,—hail
degrees of faculties; the religious, civil and Infernal world! And thou-profoundest hell,
scientific; the first, regards the Deity; the Receive thy new-possessor!”
second, Humanity; and the third, Nature;
i. e. the Workman and his works. 2. It is “ Hand me the bowl-ye jocund band,"
the object of the Bible-to teach religious, raHe said, ">twill rouse my mirth ;" But conscience-seized his trembling hand,
ther than scientific truths. 3. Cannot our
minds-be imbued with the spirit of heaven;: And dashed the cup-to earth.
or tainted with the breath of Hell? In He looked around, he blush'd, he laughid,
man, we see blended the geological, the vege-He sipped the sparkling wave;
table, and animal: to which is superadded, In it, he read, --- who drinks this draughh,
the human; all harmonizing, and yet each Shall fill-a murderer's grave."
successive series predominates over the preHe grasped the bowl,—to seek relief;
ceding one; till at length, the human rises No more-his conscience said;
above every thing; earth-passes away, and · His bosom-friend-was sunk in grief,
heaven-is all in all. 5. Let your trust be so His children--begged for bread.
implicit-in the Divine Providence, that all Thro' haunts of horror-and of strife,
things will be disposed for the best, after you He passed down-life's dark tide;
have done the part assigned, that your only He cursed-his beggared babes—and wife; care shall be, how you may perform the He cursed his God,-and died!
greatest amount of good, of which your being 321. CREATION. If we studied creation is capable. more, our minds would much sooner become
This world's a hive, you know, 'tis said, developed ; then, the heavens, the earth, the
Whose bees--are men, ('tis true as funny,) water, with their respective, various, and nu
And some-fill cells—with bitter bread, merous inhabitants, the productions, natures, While others gather sweetest honey; sympathies, antipathies; their uses, benefits Yet each, alike, his duty does, and pleasures, would be better understood by Each-brings what's needful for the other : us: and eternal wisdom, power, majesty and Though divers ways—they hum and buz, goodness, would be very conspicuous, thro' Yet all obey the common mother. 15