Sidor som bilder


350. INFLECTIONS. The reader sees that | Proverbs. 1. Through the ear, we must find the rising inflection is used, when questions access to the heart. 2. Hunger makes every kind are asked, that may be answered by yes, or of food acceptable. 3. Death — is the finishing no; also, in cases of doubt and uncertainty: stroke in the picture of life. 4. The remembrance and that the falling inflection is used, when of labors performed, and difficulties overcome, is al. questions are asked that are not thus an- ways agreeable. 5. The labors of the student are swered; and in all cases of strong affirma- sweeter, the fariher he proceeds ; because his heart tion. Some authors seem not to have no is in them. 6. Always yield to the truth. 7. The ticed the distinction between a rising inflec- improvement of the mind is of the first importance. tion of the voice, and a simple suspension 8. Beware of going into the way of temptations : of it, when there is a continuation of the many have been ruined, merely by looking on, to

Let us not rely too much on the in- see how others do. 9. Tricks and treachery are flections, to enable us to give variety, but the practice of fools. 10. The proper study of on the different pitches of voice: the former mankind-is man. 11. Promote virtuous commugives artificial variety, and the latter, a nication. 12. An ape—is ridiculous by nature; natural one.

men-by art and study. 13. Flattery-is a very 351. 1. Accustom yourself to submit, on fashionable art. all occasions, (even in the most minute, as

Anecdote. Old Habits. The duke de well as the most important circumstances in Nivernois was acquainted with the countess life,) to a small

, prèsent èvil, to obtain a de Rochefort, and never omitted going to greater, distant good. This will give de- see her a single evening. As she was a cision, tone, and energy to the mind; widow and he a widower, one of his friends which, thus disciplined, will often reap victo- observed to him, it would be more convenryfrom defeat, and hònor—from repulse. ient for him to marry that lady. “I have Having acquired this invaluable habit of often thought so," said he," but one thing rational preference, and just appreciation, prevents me; in that case, where should I start for the prize that endureth forever. 2. spend my evenings ?" The man, whose house is on fire, cries Promises. If promises -- from man to Fire! FIRE'!! FIRE'!!! with the falling

man have force, why not from man to woinflection: but the roguish boy, who woulå man?: Their very weakness is the charter raise a false alarm, cries, Firé, firé, fire, jured because they can't return it.

and they should not be in. with the rising inflection. 3. This is an (5) open, (4) honorable challenge; why are what are the rights and duties of the fami

Varieties. Educational Questions. !. you (6) silent? Why do you (5) prevari- ly, and of society at large, respecting the cate? I (6) insist upon this point; I (5) education of children? 2. To what sort and urge you to it: (4) prèss it; nay, I (3) de- degree of education can any human individmand-it.

ual, as such, lay claim, independently of 352. The end, the cause and the effect, fortune, or any other distinction? 3. How are the three distinct things, which follow far should the education of a child be regu. each other in regular and successive order; \iated, according to his natural capacities, for every thing, in this world, and in the and how far should external circumstances other, proceeds according to these degrees: be permitted to affect it? 4. What are the hence, intelligence - properly consists in chief obstacles to a more general education knowing and distinguishing them, and see of the poor; and what are the leading errors ing them in their order. Illustration: the committed in this greatest of all charities, end of man is the love of his will; for what so far as it extends at present? 5. What one loves, he proposes and intends: the are the chief errors committed in the educa. cause with him is the reason of the under. tion of the wealthier classes, and by what standing; for the end, by means of the rea means can the education of both poor and son, seeks for mediates, or efficient causes: rich be made to produce, in the course of and the effect is the operation of the body time, a more harmonious state of society ? from, and according to them. When these 6. How far, hitherto, has christianity been ihree are exhibited in act, the end is inward. allowed to influence education, and by what ly in the cause, and thro’ the cause in the means can the difficulties, arising from dis. effect; wherefore, they co-exist in the effect. tinctions among christians, be obviated in it? Hence, the propriety of judging every one-17. Who will satisfactorily answer these im. by his works; that is, by his fruits: for the portant questions ? end, or the love of the will, and the cause,

"From the birth or the reason of his understanding, are to- of mortal man, the sov'reign Maker said, gether in the effects; which three constitute That not in humble, nor in brief delight, the whole man.

Not in the fading echoes of renown,

Power's purple robes, nor pleasure's flowery lap, Seems the rich gift of genius, when it lies, The soul-can find enjoyment; but from these Like the adventurous bird, that hath oul-flown Turning, disdainful, to an equal good, His strength—upon the sea, ambition-wrecked Thro' all th' ascent of things—enlarge her viero, A thing—the thrush might pity, as she siis,

every bound-at length--shall disappear, Brooding in quiet, on her lowly nest.

And infinite perfection--close the scene."

Oh how



352. PRECEDING PRINCIPLES. The sooner Proverbs. 1. Perseverance-overcomes all the pupil begins to rely upon his own re- difficulties. 2. Instruction, by example, is quick sources and experience, the better ; and he and effectual. 3. We are only in the morning should not forget, that he must make himself starlight of the arts and sciences. 4. Knowledge is an elocutionist. Hence, the importance of not obtained in a moment. 5. Apollo's bow—was his seeing, rationally, and feeling, in his in- not always bent. 6. Reason—is not the test of ost soul, the truth, or falsehood, of the truth: it is only the organ, through which we se

truth. 7. No one is so well qualified to rule, as principles here unfolding. Let every exam

he, who knows how to obey. 8. Beauty-is like ple be thoroughly mastered ; and, to prevent the flower of spring: but virtue—is like the stars the growth of bad habits, in reading, speak- of heaven. 9. Vain persons are fond of fine things ing and singing, let him often review; as 10. Respect, and contempt, spoil many a one. 11. well as pay special attention to the varieties Some-outlive their reputation. 12. When sorrow of illustration, that are to be found on every is asleep, wake it not. page.

Laconics. And what was it, fellow-citi353. 1. It is too lateto urge objections zens, which gave to our La Fayette his spotagainst universal education; for the fountains less fame? The love of liberty. What-has of the great deep-are broken up, and a consecrated his memory-in the hearts of flood of information, (4) theological, (5) scien- good men? The love of liberty. Whattific, (4) civil, and (6) literary, is carrying all

nerved his youthful arm with strength, and before it; filling up the valleys, and scaling inspired him in the morning of his days, with the (6) MOUNTAIN-tops: a spirit of inquiry sagacity and counsel? The living love of has gone forth, and sits brooding-on the mind of man. 2. Music-should be cultivat- and country, and freedom itself? To the

liberty. To whatdid he sacrifice power, ed, not as a mere sensual gratification; but, horror of licentiousness; to the sanctity of as a means of elevating, and improving the plighted faith; to the love of liberty protected affections ; ennobling, purifying, and exalt- by law. Thus, the great principle of your ing, the whole man. 3. Beware-of a re

revolutionary fathers, of your pilgrim sires, morseless thirst for the acquisition of riches; the great principle of the age, was the rule of rather than deliver up yourself in execrable his life: The Love of liberty protected by devotion to Mammon, mount the ladder of

law. the most dangerous ambition,-even tho’ it

Varieties. 1. When a lady receives the were planted on the precipice, and leaned addresses of a gentleman, who is in the haagainst a cloud. 354. POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY — includes what extent his protestations should be set

bit of tippling, how is she to determine, to all theories and general views of government, down to himself, and how much passed to the with a description of the forms, and the prin credit of ardent spirits? In other words, how ciples on which they are founded, and the much is of love, and how much of alcohol ? modes in which they are administered. This

Suppose she test it, by the pledge of total abstudy rests on the basis of natural law, or

stinence? justice; and therefore, presupposes a know

'Tis not the face,tis not the form, ledge of ethics; it requires enlarged and ete

'Tis not the heart-however warm; vated views of human nature, and the

It is not these, tho' all combined, constitution of society; with the means by

That wins true love :-it is the mind, which virtue may be diffused, justice enforced, and order preserved throughout the Canst thou believe thy prophet,(or, what is more,)

That Power, which made thee. (8) AND thy prophet, community: it is alike important to the statesman, the legislator, and the private or saered faith, given to the royal Greek ?

Will (with impunity,) let pass that breach citizen.

How (3) poor ! how (6) rich! how (4) abject ! Anecdote. Howard's Opinion of Swear How (9) august! how (4) complicate ! how (2) wonderful is man ers. As he was standing, one day, near the How (6) passing, He, who made him such ! and door of a printing-office, he heard some Centered in his makesuch strange extremer! dreadful volleys of oaths and curses from a What can preserve my life? or what destroy ? public house opposite, and, buttoning his An (6) angel's arm-can't snatch me from my grave : pocket up before he went in the street, he said Legions of angels-can't confine me there.

My mother's voice! how often-creeps to the workmen near him, “I always do this

Its cadence-o'er my lonely hours, whenever I hear men swear, as I think that

Like healing-sent on wings of sleep, any one, who can take God's name in vain,

Or dew-to the unconscious flowers. can also steal, or do anything else that is bad.I can't forget her melting prayer, Hope, of all passions, most befriends us here:

Even while my pulses-madly fly;
Passions of prouder name-befriend us less.

And in the still, unbroken air,
Joy-has her tears, and transport-has her death: Her gentle tones come-stealing hy;
Hope, like a cordial, innocent, though strong,

And years, and sin, and manhood flee,
Man's heart, at once, inspirits—and serenes.

And leave me at my mother's knee!


355. These Inflections may pass through | Proverbs. 1. An evil heart-can make any 2, 3, 5, or 8 notes, according to the intensity doctrine false, in its own view. 2. Bad books of the feeling. Ex. 1.“Do you say, that [1 I'3] ) are fountains of vice. 3. Comply cheerfully, when can learn to sing ! 2. Do you say that [1 1'5] necessity enjoins it. 4. Despair-blunts the edge can learn to sing? 3. What! do you say of industry. 5. Double-dealing—is the index of a that [1 1' 8) can learn to sing ?" Reverse the base spirit. 6. Every vice wars against nature. 7. inflection; begin at the top, and go down. Friendshipis often stronger than kindred 4. He said [8“T 1] can learn to sing, not Good intentions—will not justify evil actions. 9. you'.” Thus, you see that the voice may tion. 10. Mental gifts often hide bodily infirmi

In order to learn, we must pay undivided attenstep up or down, by discrete degrees, or glide ties. 11. Lawing—is very costly. 12. The world up and down, by continuous degrees. 5. is his, who enjoys it. 13. Poverty—is often an "To whom the goblin, full of wrath, replied: evil counsellor. (1) Art thou that (3) traitor (4) angel? (8) art th u he who first broke peace in heaven, and

Despotism. All despotism, whether (6) faith, till then (8) UNBROKEN? (9) BACK usurped or hereditary, is our abhorrence. to thy punishment-false fugitive, and to We regard it as the most grievous wrong thy speed add wings; lest with a whip of and insult to the human race. But, towards Scorpions, I pursue thy ling’ring; or with the hereditary despotwe have more of comone stroke of this dart, strange horror seize passion than indignation. Nursed and bro't thee, and pangs unfelt before.” In speaking up in delusion, worshiped from his cradle, this sentence, use all the eight notes.

never spoken to in the tone of fearless truth, 356. In reading the first example, the taught to look on the great mass of his fellow

beings as an inferior race, and to regard desvoice glides from the first to the third note; potism as a law of nature, and a necessary because there is no feeling : in reading the element of social life; such a prince, whose second, the voice glides from the first to the education and condition almost deny him the fifth note; because there is some feeling, and consequent earnestness ; and in the third possibility of acquiring healthy moral feeling

and manly virtue, must not be judged severeexample, the voice glides from the tonic, to ly. Still, in absolving the despot--from much the octave ; because there is a great deal of of the guilt, which seems at first, to attach to feeling: in the fourth example, the voice be- his unlawful and abused power, we do not gins at the top, or eighth note, and glides the less account despotism a wrong and a down to the first; because there is a conse

curse. The time for its fall, we trust, is comquent change of thought and action. In the

fifth example, the voice commences at 1, in ing. It cannot fall too soon. It has long a harsh tone, and goes on gradually ascend- enough wrung from the laborer his hard ing to angel; then it recedes, and then goes tion's wealth on its parasites and minions ;

earnings; long enough squandered a naon rising still higher on faith, and highest on long enough warred against the freedom of unbroken ; when it begins to descend, in an the mind, and arrested the progress of truth. unyielding and gradual way, to the close, in It has filled dungeons enough-with the brave a manner that no words can describe.

and good, and shed enough of the blood of pa357. Do not the bees, (says Quintillian) triots. Let its end come. It cannot come too extract honey from very different flowers and soon. juices? Is it any wonder that Eloquence,

Varieties. 1. What is education, and what (which is one of the greatest gifts heaven has are the best means for obtaining it? 2. Why given to man,) requires many arts to perfect are diamonds valuable? because of their it? and tho’ they do not appear in an ora- scarcity? 3. Why are professional men intion, nor seem to be of any use, they never different poets ? is it because, as the boundatheless afford an inward supply of strength, ries of science enlarge, the empire of imaand are silently felt in the mind: without gination is diminished? 4. In what does all these a man may be eloquent, but I wish true honor consist? 5. Tamerlane boasted, to form an orator; and none can be said to that he governed men by four great arts ; have all the requisites, while the smallest viz: bribery, amusement, diversion, and susthing is wanting.

pense : are there no Tamalanes now, think Anecdote. Good Works. The Russian you? 6. Is there any alliance between geembassador at Paris, made the Abbe L'Epee nius and poverty? 7. If we leave the path a visit, and offered him a large sum of mo- of duty, shall we not be liable to run into the ney through the munificence of the empress. path of danger? 8. Are there not some, The Abbe declined, saying, “ I receive gold who would make void the word of God, by of no one; but if the empress will send me their own traditions. 9. Is it not a most a deaf and dumb person to educate, I shall important part of a teacher's duty, to imbue consider it a more flattering mark of dis- the minds of his pupils, with the love of all tinction.”

goodness and truth?

Make and maintain the balance of the mind.

He knew

358. The Inflections have great influence Proverbs. 1. The best way to see Divine in expressing, or perverting the sense, ac- light-is to put out our own. 2. The proudcording as they are correctly or incorrectly shall be abased; but the humble—shall be exalted. made. 1. In the retirement of a COLLEGE 3. As long as you and truth agree, you will do

I am unable to suppress evil thoughts ; how well. 4. No one is born for himself alone, but difficult then, to do it, amidst the world's for the world. 5. Rely not too much on the

6. temptations! 2. The man who is in the torches of others; light one of your own. daily use of ardent (6) spirits, (4) if he Divest yourself of envy, and lay aside all unkind should not become a (3) drunkard, (6) is feelings. 7. If youth knew what age would in dange? of losing his (5) health, and (6) speaker, without energy, is like a lifeless statue.

crave, it would both crave and save. 8. A châracter. The rising inflection on drunkard, 9. Deep-and intense feeling-lie at the root of would imply that he must become one, to eloquence. 10. Condemn no one, without a canpreserve his health and character.

did hearing. 11. Think more, and speak less. 359. Apply the principles to the follow- 12. Follow the dictates of reason. ing, according to the feelings and thoughts, Half-Murder. That father, says the and their objects. 1. But (5) mercy — is (6) learned Baudier, who takes care to feed and above—this sceptred sway; (4) it is enthron- clothe his son, but neglects to give him such ed—in the (5) hearts of kings; it is an (6) accomplishments as befit his capacity and attribute--(1) of God himself.

rank in life, is more than half his murderer; Love, hope, -and joy, fair Pleasure's smiling train;

since he destroys the better part, and but conHate, fear, and grief, the family of Pain;

tinues the other to endure a life of shame. These, mixed with art, and to due bounds confined,

Of all the men we meet with, nine out of ten

are what they are, good or evil, useful or not, How to make madness-beautiful, and cast,

by their education; it is that, which makes (O'er erring deeds, and thoughts,) a heavenly hue

the great difference in mankind : the little, or Of words, like sunbeams, dazzling (as they passed,) The eyes, which o'er them shed tears, feelingly, and fast.

almost insensible, impressions on our tender Thy words-had such a melting flow,

infancy, have very important and lasting And spoke of truth--so sweetly well,

consequences. They dropped-(like heaven's serenest snow,) Varieties. 1. Send your son into the

And all was (6) brightness,-where they fell. world with good principles, good habits, and 360. INDUCING DISEASE. There is no

a good education, and he will work his way. doubt, that the seed of a large number of dis- 2. How absurd to be passionate yourself, and eases are sown in childhood and youth; and expect others to be placid. 3. Why is swearespecially in our progress in obtaining what ing--like a ragged coat? because it is a is called, an EDUCATION. The bad habits of very bad habit. 4. Can there be any virtue, position in and out of school, and our un- without true piety? 5. Why is rebellionhealthy mode of living, contribute very es-like dram-drinking? because it is inimical sentially to the promotion of various diseases; to the constitution. 6. Why do white sheep particularly, dyspepsia, liver and lung com-1-furnish more wool than black ones? beplaints, and headaches. Hence, we cannot cause there are more of them. 7. Why is one be too watchful against sitting in a crooked who is led astray, like one who is governed position, nor too prudent in eating, drink- by a girl? Do you give it up? because he ing, and sleeping, as well as in our clothing, is misled, (Miss-led.) 8. Ought there not to and our lodging apartments. Let us rut be duties on imported goods, to encourage forth every effort in the performance of our domestic manufactures? 9. Are not physics duties, be they physical, intellectual, or moral. and metaphysics inseparably joined ? if so,

Anecdote. A Swiss Retort. A French what is the connecting link? 10. Is it right, officer, quarrelling with a Swiss, reproached under any circumstance, to marry for money? him with his country's vice of fighting on 11. Is it right to imprison for debt? either side for money; "while we French- I can find comfort—in the words and looks men,” said he, "fight for honor.” “Yes, sir," Of simple hearts and gentle souls; and I replied the Swiss, “every one fights for that can find companionship-in ancient books, he most wants."

When, lonely, on the grassy hills I lie,

Under the shadow--of the tranquil sky; Called a blessing to inherit,

I can find music-- in the rushing brooks, Bless, and richer blessings merit:

Or in the songs, which dwell among the trees, Give, and more shall yet be given :

And come in snatehes--on the summer breeze. Love, and serve, and look for Heaven.

I can find treasure-in the leafy showers, Would being end—with our expiring breath, Which, in the merry autumn-time, will fall ; How soon misfortune would be puffed away! And I can find strong love-in buds and flowers, A trifling shock--shrives us to the dust; And beauty-in the moonlight's silent hours. But the existence of the immortal scul,

There's nothing, nature gives, can fail to please, Futurity's dark road--perplexes still.

For there's a common joy- pervading all.

361. A speaker--may calculate, before Proverbs. 1. New times, demand new meashand, (so far as human agency is concerned, ures, and new men. 2. Pride-either finds a deand other things being equal) the effect of a sert, or mukes one. 3. Want of feeling, is one of certain effort, by adapting the manner to the the worst faults of elocution. 4. He, that catches at matter, as well as a farmer can in raising a more than belongs to him, deserves to lose what

he has. 5. Books--associate us with the thinkcrop, by using the proper means. As a stringed instrument, when touched at given ing, and give us the material of thought. 6. points, infallibly produces certain tunes ; 60, lence. 7. He, who resolves to amend, has God,

Either be silent, or speak what is better than sithe human mind, when touched by certain

and all good beings, on his side. 8. If you would modulations, and corresponding sentiments, as infallibly receives certain impressions. would not have any thing told of you, never do

have a thing kept secret, never tell it; and if you But a speaker, singer, or writer, who thinks it. 9. The shortest answer-is doing a thing. much of himself, is in danger of being for- 10. Friends got without desert, will be lost withgotten by others. If he takes no sincere and out a cause. 11. Never speak what is not true. hearfelt delight in what he is doing, but as it 12. If it is not decent, never do it. is admired and applauded by his audience, Selfishness. The selfish look upon disappointment will be his portion ; for he themselves, as if they were all the world, cannot long succeed. He who would be and no man beside concerned therein ; that great in the eyes of others, must first learn to the good state of things is to be measured by be made nothing in his own.

their condition; that all is well, if they do 362. Exs. of the ' and ! 1. Did you say prosper and thrive; all is ill, if they be disapyés, or no? Shall we crown the author of pointed in their desires and projects. The the public calámities? or shall we destroy good of no man, not of their brethren, not of him? 2. Beware of ignorance and sloth, their friends, not of their country, doth come and be guided by wisdom. 3. (2) Are they under their consideration. Hébrews? Are they áll Hebrews ? (4) Varieties. 1. If we feel well, shall we not Are they Hebrews from Palestine ? 4. try to make others feel so? 2. May not the What does the word person mean? That constitution be injured by over-nursing, and which consists in one's own self, and not the mind unnerved, by being prevented from any part or quality in another. 5. Is not relying upon its own resources ? 3. Is it water the best and safest of all kinds of expedient to wear mourning apparel ? 4. drink? 6. NATURE-and (4) Reason Does curiosity, or love of truth and goodness, answer - -yès. 7. The mind—is its own induce you to study history? 5. Has the place; and, in itself, can make a heaven, study of the classics, an immoral tendency? of hell ; or hell of heaven.

6. Who would be an old maid, or an old Good name-in man, or woman,

bachelor? 7. What is Botany? The science Is the immediate jewel of their souls:

of Plants. 8. Can friendship-exist withWho steals my purse, steals trash, 'tis something, nothing: 'Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slave to thousands; out sympathy? 9. Is a free or despotic But he, who filches from me my good name,

government, more conducive to human hapRobs me of that which not enriches him,

piness? 10. Ought not human natureto And makes me-poor indeed. Where is the true man's father-land ?

be a chief study of mankind ? 11. Are gold Is it--where he, by chance, is born?

and silver mines, on the whole, beneficial to Doth not the yearning spirit-scorn

a nation? 12. Is it right, to oblige a jury to In such scant borders to be spann'd?

give a unanimous verdict ? O, yes! his father-land must be

THE BIBLE-WORTHY OF ALL ACCEPTATION. As the blue heaven--wide--and free.

This little book I'd rather own, Anecdote. A Quaker, who had a great Than all the gold and gems, horror of soldiers, on seeing one jump into That e'er in monarch's coffers shone, the Thames, and save a person who was

Than all their diadems. drowning, said on the occasion, “I shall al Nay, were the seas-one chrysolite, ways be a Quaker ; but soldiers are good

The earth-a golden ball, creatures."

And diamonds all the stars of night,

This book--were worth them all.
What is it, Man, prevents thy God,
From making thee his blest abode ?

Here, He who died on Calvary's tree,
He says he loves thee, wills thee heaven,

Hath made that promise--blest; And for thy good--has blessings given.

“Ye heavy-laden, come to me, I'll tell thee-Tis thy love of self,

And I will give you rest. Thy love of rule--thy love of pelf,

A bruised reed-I will not break, Bind thee to earth--and all her toys,

A contrite heart--despise ; And robs thee-of substantial joys.

My burden's light, and all, who take Heaven's gates--are not so highly arched

My yoke, shall win the skies !" As prince's palaces; they who enter there, The humble man, when he receives a wrong, Must go--upon their knees.

Refers revenge-to whom it doth belong.

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