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376. INTONATIONS. The intonations are Proverbs. 1. A clear conscience fears no acopposite to monotones, and mean the rise and cusation. 2. An open door will tempt a saint. 3. fall of the voice, in its natural movements Confidence - is the companion of success. 4. through a sentence: they are demonstrated Cruelty to a woman is—the crime of a monster. 5. in music, and here, in elocution. In all com- A smart reproof is better than smooth deceit. 6. Ada mon kinds of reading and speaking, the voice not trouble to the grief-worn heart. 7. Affectation should not generally rise and fall more than —is at best a deformity. 8. Bear misfortunes with one note, in its passage from syllable to syl- patience and fortitude. 9. A good maxim is never

out of season. 10. Ambition-never looks behind. lable, and from word to word: its movement 11. A wise man wanis but little. 12. Knowledge will then be gentle, easy and flowing. But makes no one happy. when the passion, or sentiment to be exhibited, is powerfully awakening or exciting, it

Anecdote. A tragedy of Æschylus was may rise or fall several notes, according to once represented before the Athenians, in the predominance of feeling.

which it was said of one of the characters,

“that he cared more to be just, than to appear 377. Our (6) SIGHT-is the most (4) per

At these words, all eyes were instantly fect, and most (5) delightful of all our senses. (4) It fills the mind with the largest all the Greeks, most merited that distinguish

turned upon Aristides, as the man who, of variety of (3) ideas; (5) converses with its objects at the greatest (6) distance; and con- universal consent, the surname of—“ The

ed character: and ever after he received, by tinues the longest in (5) action, without being

Just." (4) tired-or (3) satiated, with its proper enjoyments. The (6) sense of (8) FEELING, Christians of all grades and classes, even down

Courtesy. St. Paul, addressing himself to can, indeed, give us the idea of (5) extension, to menial servants, exhorts them to be cour(6) shape, and all other properties of matter,

teous. Courteousness-must mean, therefore, th’t are perceived by the (5) eye, except (4) a something, which is within the reach of all colors. (3) At the same time—it is very

much

sorts of people; and, in its primary and best (5) straightened—and (4) confined in its ope

sense, is exactly such a behavior, as spontarations, to the (3) number, (4) bulk, and (5) neously springs from a heart, warm with distance, of its peculiar objects.

benevolence, and unwilling to give needless 378. When we read, or speak, without any pain, or uneasiness to a fellow-being. We feeling, the voice ranges between our first have no more right, wantonly or carelessly and fourth notes; when there is a moderate to wound the mind, than to wound the body degree of feeling, and the subject somewhat of a fellow-being; and, in many instances, interesting, it ranges between our second and the former—is the more cruel of the two. sixth notes; when there is a high degree of

Varieties. 1. Some start in life, without feeling and interest, it ranges between our fourth and eighth notes; descending, how- any leading object at all; some, with a low ever, to the third and first, in a cadence, or aim, and some, with a high one; and just in close of the effort. It is highly necessary to proportion to the elevation at which they aim,

will generally be their success. 2. Guard keep the voice afloat, and never let it run aground; that is, let the feeling and thought against fraud, and imposition; and forego keep it on the proper pitches, and do not let some advantages, rather than gain them at a it descend to the first, or ground-note, till the risk, that cannot be ascertained. 3. In the

determination of doubtful and intricate cases, piece is completed; except in depressed mo- the nicest discrimination, and great solidity notony. Memorize the preceding, and talk it off in an easy, graceful and appropriate of judgment, are required. 4. We have an

instinctive expectation of finding nature Abstract Question. Which is more pro- and true to herself ; but whence this expec

everywhere the same,- always consistent, bable, that our judgment, in respect to external phenomena, has been warped, by compar- native air of true freedom, to alter, expand,

tation? 5. Is there not something in the ing their operations with those of the mind; and improve the external form, as well as the or, that our metaphysical mistakes have been occasioned, hy forming a false analogy be- internal ? 6. Is not affluence—a snare, and tween its internal operations, and outward poverty,- a temptation? 7. Man is a true appearances ?

epitome of the spiritual world, or world of

mind; and to know himself, is the perfection The midnight moon-serenely smiles

of wisdom.
O'er nature's soft repose ;
No towering cloud obscures the sky, It came from Heaven,-it reign'd in Eden's shades,
No ruffling tempest blows.

It roves on earth and every walk invades:
Now, every passion-sinks to rest ; Childhood—and age-alike its influence own,
The throbbing heart lies still;

It haunts the beggar's nook, the monarch's throne; And varying schemes of lifeno more Hangs o'er the cradle, leans above the bier, Distract the laboring will

Gazed on old Babel's tower,--and lingers here.

manner.

CURIOSITY.

379. INTONATIONS AND MELODY OF Laconics. 1. By minding our own business, SPEECR. By the first-is meant the move we shall be more useful, more benevolent, more ment of the voice through the different notes respected, and ten times happier. 2. That stuof the scale, As-cending and De-scending, dent will live miserably, who lies down, like a with an appropriate and agreeable variety camel, under his burden. 3. Remember, while. of sounds; by the second, an agreeable suc- you live, it is by looks—that men deceive. 4. A cession of sounds, either in speech or song. indeed the wisest foe. 5. He, who confides in a

foolish friend may cause more woe, Than could A dull repetition of words or sounds, on nearly the same pitch, is very grating to the person of no honor, may consider himself very ear, and disgusting to correct taste; and yet tion of mankind is such, that we must not believe

lucky, if he is not a sufferer by it. 6. The condiit is one of the most common faults of the

every smooth speech-the cover of a kind intenbar, the senate and pulpit ; indeed, in every tion. 7. Who is wise ? He who learns from every place where there is public speaking: which one. 8. Who is rich? He, who is contented. 9. is the melancholy result of the usual course Nothing is so dumb--as deep emotion. 10. Where of teaching children to read.

there is much mystery, there is generally much 380. EXAMPLES PARTIALLY EXHIBITED. ignorance. 11. Catch not soon at offence. 12. 1.(5) Seest thou a man (5) diligent in his (6) bu- Whoso loseth his spirits, loseth all. siness? (5) He shall stand before (4) kings, (3) Anecdote. Choice of a Husband. An he shall (4) stand before (5) mean men. 2. (3) Athenian, who was hesitating, whether to O swear not by the (6) moon, the (5) inconstant give his daughter in marriage to a man of (4) moon, (3) that monthly (5) changes in its worth with a small fortune, or to a rich man, circled (3) orb. 3. Said Mr. Pitt, to his aged who had no other recommendation, went to accuser, in debate, (4) “But (6) youth, it consult Themistocles on the subject. “I seems, is not my (5) only (3) crime, (4) I have would bestow my daughter," said Themisto been accusedof (5) acting (6) a (8) theatri- cles, “ upon a man without money, rather cal part.” 4. (5) Standing on the ascent of than upon money without a man.the (6) past, we survey the (5) present, and True Philosophy-consists in duing all (4) extend our views into (3) futurity. 5. the good that we can, in learning all the (5) No one-will ever be the (4) happier, for good we can, in teaching to others all the (5) talents, or (4) riches, (3) unless he makes good we can, in bearing, to the best of our a right (3) use of them. 6. (5) Truths--have ability, the various ills of life, and in enjoy(4) life in them; and the (6) effect of that ing, with gratitude, every honest pleasure life is (3) unceasing expansion. 7. (6) He, that comes in our way. who loves the (5) Lord, with all his (4) heart, Varieties. 1. Should not our intentions, and his neighbor as (4) himself, needs no (5) as well as our actionsbe good? 2. True com pass, or (4) helm to steer his (3) course ; love is of slow growth, mutual and reciprobecause (5) truth and (4) love are his (3) cal, and founded on esteem. 3. Graces, and wind and (2) tide. N. B. The inflections, cir- accomplishments—are too often designed for cumflexes, &c., commence with the accented beaux-caching, and coquetry. 4. There is vowel, which is supposed to be on the note time for all things. 5. An individual-inindicated by the preceding figure.

clined to magnify every good, and minify 381. PROMISCUOUS EXAMPLES WITHout every evil-must be a pleasing companion, Notation. The predominant characteristics or partnerfor life,—whether male or feof the female mind is affection : and that of male. 6. Knowledge—is not wisdom ; it is the male mind is thought: thoboth have af- only the raw material, from which the beaufection and thought; but disparityądoes not tiful fabric of wisdom is produced; there imply inferiority. The sexes are intended fore, let us not spend our days in gathering for different spheres of life, and are created materials, and live, and die, without a shelin conformity to their destination, by Him, ter. 7. Every evil-has its limit; which, who bids the oakbrave the fury of the when passed, plunges the wicked into mistempest, and the Alpine flower - lean its ery. 8. One thief in the house, is more to be cheek on the bosom of eternal snow.

dreaded than ten-in the street. 9. The

more haste, generally the worst speed. 10. Abstract Question. Is not that pro- The moral government, under which we live, pensity of the human mind, which seeks for is a kingdom of uses ; and whatever we posa medium of communication, between two sess, is given us for use; and with it, the opphysical phenomena, to be traced to the fact, portunity and power of using it. that every admitted truth, is derived from a

Thou art, O God, the life and light medium of knowledge; and that there is a

Of all this wondrous world we see, connection among all intellectual phenome

Its glow by day, its smile by night, na; so much so, that we cannot conceive a

Are but reflections—caught from thee ; new idea, without a medium of communica Where'er we turn, thy glories shine, tion ?

And all things fair and bright are thine.

382. INTONATIONS CONTINUED. Lister. Proverbs. 1. The remedy for injuries 18 attentively, to a person under the influence not to remember them. 2. To read, and not underof nature, of his own feelings and thoughts : stand, is to pursue, and not overtake. 3. Truth rehe relates stories, supports arguments, com- fines, but does not obscure. 4. He who teaches, mands those under his authority, speaks to often learns himself. 5. Worth—has been underpersons at a distance, utters exclamations of rated, ever since wealth—has been overrated. 6. anger and rage, joy and rapture, pours injure

a truth. 7. A man in a passion, rides a

Antiquity-cannot sanction an error, nor novelty forth lamentations of sorrow and grief, horse that runs away with him. 8. A small bæk breathes affection, love, &c. in different pitch- will sink a great ship. 9. Never forget a good es, tones, qualities, emphasis, infiection, and turn. 10. Lying is the vice of a slave. 11. Selfcircumflexes, elevations and depressions of conceitis the attendant of ignorance. 12. The voice. The only possibility of success, there love of society is natural. fore, is—to get perfect control of the vocal

Anecdote. The emperor of China - inorgans, by practicing these principles, and quired of Sir George Staunton, about the conforming the whole manner to the sense manner in which physicians were paid in and objects of the composition.

England. When he was made to understand 383. INTONATION AND Melody. These what the prentice was, he exclaimed,—"Can examples are given as general guides; the any man in England afford to be ill? Now, figures refer to the notes in the Diatonic I have four physicians, and pay all of them Scale. 1. (4) But, (5) from the (4) tomb, (5) a weekly salary; but the moment I am sick, the (4) voice of (5) nature (6) cries, (6) And, that salary is stopped, till I am well again; (5) in our (4) ashes, (5) live (4) their won-(3) therefore, my indisposition is never of long ted (2) fires. 2. But (5) yonder comes, (4) duration.” rejoicing in the (6) EAST,(5) The (4) powerful Woman. The prevailing manners of an (3) king of (2) day. 3. (6) AWAKE! (8) age depend, more than we are aware of, or ARISE! (6) or (5) be (3) forever (2) fallen. are willing to allow, on the conduct of the 4. (3) He expired in a (5) victualing-house, women : this is one of the principal things (4) which I hope (5) 1 (3) shall (2) not. 7. on which the great machine of human society (5) Fair (6) angel, thy (5) desire, which tends turns. Those, who allow the influence which to (6) KNOW The works of (5) God, doth (4) female graces have in contributing to polish merit (3) praise. 8. (5) Such (4) honors Ilion the manners of men, would do well to reflect, to (6) HER lover paid, And (5) peaceful slept how great an influence female morals must (4) the mighty (3) Hector's (2) shade. Note. also have on their conduct. How much, Construct a scale on faint ruled paper, and then, is it to be regretted, that women-should place the words on it as indicated; the same ever sit down, contented, to polish, when they as notes are on the musical staff.

are able to reformto entertain, when they Miscellaneous. 1. Beauty - is the out- might instruct. Nothing delights men more ward form of goodness : and this is the rea- than their strength of understanding, when son, we love it instinctively, without think- true gentleness of manners is its associate; ing why we love: but we cease to love, when united, they become irresistible orators, bless'd we find it unaccompanied with truth and with the power of persuasion, fraught with goodness. 2. Make not your opinions, the the sweetness of instruction, making woman criterion of right and wrong: hut make the highest ornament of human nature. right and wrong-the criterion of your ac

Varieties. 1. Fear — is a bad preserver tions and principles.

of anything intended to endure; but love Few_bring back at eve, will generally ensure fidelity, even to the end. Immaculate, the manners of the morn ; 2. He, who knowingly defends the wrong Something we thoughtis blotted, we resolved side of a question, pays a very bad compliIs shaken, we renouncedreturns again. ment to his hearers: as much as to say; FalscThere is no greater punishment of vice hood, supported by my talents, is stronger Than that it have its own will;

than truth, supported by yours. 3. Before a Hence, guilty-infernal love becomes the

man should be convicted of a libel, the jury Most deadly hate.

must be satisfied, that it was his intention to The intent, and not the deed, libel; not to state facts, which he believed to Is in our power; and therefore, who DARES greatly, I be true, or, reasonings, which he thought Does greatly.

just. 4. The difference between the word 6. Words—are things ; a small drop of of God, and the compositions of man, is as ink, (falling like dew—) upon thought, pro- great, as between real flame and painted duces that, which makes thousands, perhaps flame. 5. Dissimulation, even the most inMILLIONS think. 7. Something is at all nocent, is ever productive of embarrassments; times-flowing into us.

whether the design is evil, or not, artifice is Too much the beautiful-we prize; always dangerous, and almost inevitably disThe usefuloften we despise.

graceful.

384. REVISIONS. Let all the preceding Laconics. 1. The great battle and contest principles be reviewed, with an illustration of among politicians is—not how the government each, and endeavor to fix them, permanently, shall be administered, but who shall administer it. in the mind, by seeing their truth, and feeling 2. They who go to church out of vanity, or curitheir power in practice; so that you can write osity, and not for worship and instruction, should a work yourself on the philosophy of mind not value themselves on account of their religion ;

for it is not worth a straw. 3. Allow time for and voice. Remember, that no ng is yours, till you make it your own, by understanding is done by force or violence. 4. Occasional mirth,

consideration; everything is badly executed, that it scientifically, rationally and affectuously, is not incompatible with wisdom; and the man of and then by applying it to its proper object:

reserved habits, may sometimes be gay. 5. Happy do not forget effects, causes, ends, their suc

are they, who draw lessons of prudence—from the cessive order, and simultaneous development. dangers, in which others are involved. 6. Elo-, EVE'S LAMENT ON LEAVING PARADISE.

quence-can pierce the reluctant wonder of the (Plaintive, with quantity.)

world, and make even monarchs tremble on their 0, unexpected stroke, worse than of Death!

thrones. Must I thus leave thee, Paradise? thus leave

Anecdote. Spinola. “Pray, of what did Thee, native soil, these happy walks and shades,

your brother die .?" said the Marquis Spinola, Fit haunt of gods? where I had hoped to spend,

one day to Sir Horace Vere. “He died, sir," (Quiet, tho'sad,) the respite of that day, That must be mortal to us both;

replied he,“ of having nothing to do.“Alas! O flowers, (that will never in other climate grow,) general of us all.Mostesquieu says, “We

sir,” said Spinola,that is enough to kill any My early visitation, and my last At ev'n, which I bred up, with tender hand,

in general, place idleness among the beatiFrom the first opening bud, and gave ye names;

tudes of heaven; it should rather, I think, be Who, now, shall rear you to the sun, and rank put amid the tortures of hell. Austin calls it Your tribes, and water from the ambrosial fount? —the burying a man alive.Thee, (lastly,) nuptial bower, by me adorned Female Education. How greatly is it With what to sight, or smell, was sweet, from THEE to be regretted, that for the benefit of both How shall I part, and whither wander-down sexes, women are not generally so educated, Into a lower world, to this-obscure

that their conversations might be still much And wild? How shall we breathe in other air, more useful to us, as well as beneficial to Less pure, accustomed to immortal fruits !

themselves! If, instead of filling their heads 385. How mean,-how timid,-how ab- with trifles, or worse than trifles, they were ject, must that spirit be, which can sit down, early taught what might be really useful, -contented with mediocrity. As for myself they would not then be so continually in -all that is within me is on fire. I had ra- pursuit of silly, ridiculous, expensive, and ther be torn into a thousand pieces, than relax many times criminal amusement; neither my resolution, of reaching the sublimest would their conversation be so insipid and heights of virtue—and knowledge, of good. impertinent, as it too often is. On the conness—and truth, of love and WISDOM. trary, were their minds properly improved Nothing is so arduous,-nothing so ADMIR- with knowledge, which it is certain they are ABLE, in human affairs, but may be attained exceedingly capable of, how much more by the industry of man. We are descended agreeable would they be to themselves, and from heaven; thither let us go, whence we how much more improving and delightful to derive our origin. Let nothing satisfy us, - us? How truly charming does beauty aplower than the summit of all excellence.

pear, when adorned by good nature, good Nominalists and Realists. The Non-sense, and knowledge? And when beauty inalists - - were a sect, the followers of Ros- fades, as soon it must, there will then be celinus and Abelard: according to these those qualities and accomplishments remainphilosophers, there are no existences in na-ing, which cannot fail to command great reture corresponding to general terms, and the

gard, esteem, and affection. objects of our attention in all our general speculations, are not ideas, but words. The

But-shall we wear these glories for a day, Realists were their opponents, and adhered

Or shall they last, and we rejoice in them? to the principles of Aristotle.

While there is hope, do not distrust the gods, Oft-may the spirits of the dead-descend But wait, at least, till Cesar's near approach, To watch-the silent slumbers of a friend ; Force us to yield. 'Twill never be too lateTo hover-round his evening walk-unseen, To sue for chains, and own a conqueror. And hold sweet converse-on the dusky green ;

In faith, and hope, the world will disagree, To hail the spot-where first their friendship grew, But all mankind's concern-is charity. And heaven and nature-opened to their view. 'Tis education-forms the common mind, Oft, when he trims his cheerful hearth, and sees Just as the twig is bent, the tree's inclined. A smiling circle-emulous to please,

The mind, that would be happy, must be great ; There—may these gentle guests—delight to dwell, Great in its wishes, great in its surveys; And bless the scene-they loved in life so well. Extended views, a narrow mind extend.

VARIETIES.

cries, and

the

nature

in our

7.
6.
5. from the
4. But
3.
2.
1

ash

their won

ted

386. As so much depends upon the proper Laconics. 1. The antidote, to the baneful inmovement of the voice, through the different fluence of flattery is, for every one to examine notes of the scale, and as our primary in himself, and truly estimate his own qualities, and struction in reading is often diametrically op- character. 2. Let us make ourselves steadfast in posed to what is natural, it is deemed neces what is certainly true, and we shall be able to sary to be more explicit in directions, as well answer objections, or reject them as unworthy of an

answer. as in examples. Imitate, with the voice, ac

3. Argument-cannot disprove fact; no companied by corresponding motions of the

two opposing facts can be produced; all objechand, the gentle undulations of the waters, ucation-includes all the influences, that serve to

tions to a fact must therefore be negative. 4. Edwhen the waves run moderately high ; let- unfold the faculties,--and determine the charting the movement of your voice resemble acter; thus involving the mental, and physical. 5. that of a small boat. Observe the various To render good for evil, is God-like; to render movements of different kinds of birds through good for good, is man-like; to render evil for evil, is the air, some bobbing up and down, others beast-like; to render evil for good—is devil-like. moving more gracefully; some flapping their

Varieties. Has a wise and good Godwings, others sailing, soaring : but the move- furnished us with desires, which have no corments of the voice are infinitely more various than all other external motions; for it in our breasts, with no other view but to dis

respondent objects, and raised expectations contains them all.

appoint them? Are we to be forever in THE EIGHT NOTES OF THE SCALE. 8.

search of happiness, without arriving at it, either in this world or in the next? Are we

formed with a passionate longing for immor

es live tomb voice of

tality, and yet destined to perish, after this

short period of existence? Are we promptfires. ed to the noblest actions, and supported

through life, under the severest hardships Blessed-we sometimes are! and I am now

and most delicate temptations, by the hopes Happy in quiet feelings ; for the tonesOf a pleasant company of friends

of a reward, which is visionary and chimeriWere in my ear, just now, and gentler thoughts

cal,--by the expectation of praises, of which From spirits, whose high character I know ;

it is utterly impossible for us, ever to have And I retain their influence, as the air the least knowledge or enjoyment ? Retains the softness-of departed day.

Effects of Knowledge. The more There is a spell-in every flower,

widely knowledge is spread, the more will A sweetness-in each spray,

they be prized, whose happy lot it is—to exAnd every simple bird—has power

tend its bounds, by discovering new truths, To please us—with its lay. And there is music-on the breeze,

to multiply its uses—by inventing new modes

of applying it in practice. Real knowledge That sports along the glade,

-never prompted either turbulence, or unAnd crystal dew-drops-on the trees,

belief; but its progress is the forerunner of The gems-by fancy made. O, there is joy—and happiness,

liberality and enlightened toleration. Who

so dreads these, let him tremble; for he may In every thing I see, Which bids my soul rise up-and bless

be well assured, that their day is at length The God, that blesses me.

come, and must put to sudden flight the evil Method. In speaking extempore, or in spirits of tyranny and persecution, which writing, METHOD, or the proper arrangement haunted the long night, now gone down the of the thoughts

, is of the first importance; sky. to attain which, you must fix, in your mind,

Soft peace she brings wherever she arrives; the precise object you have in view, and

She builds our quiet, as she forms our lives; never lose sight of it; then, determine the

Lays the rough path of peevish nature even, grand divisions; which should be natural,

And opens, in each breast, a little heaven and distinct ; not an unnecessary thought,

Man-is the rugged lofty pine, or illustration — should be admitted : and

That frowns o'er many a wave-beat shore : even in the amplification of the subject, eve Woman's the slender-graceful vine, ry part should have its proper place, and all Whose curling tendrils-round it twine, - present a whole.

And deck its rough bark-sweetly o'er. Anecdote. Mr. Summerfield. It is said, Teach me to soothe the helpless orphan's grief, of the late M Summerfield, that being asked With lively aid-the widow's woes assuage; by a bishop, where he was born, he replied, To mis'ry's moving cries—to yield relief, “I was born in England, and born again in And be the sure resource of drooping age. Ireland.“What do you mean ?" inquired

Our doubts-are traitors, the bishop. “ Art thou a master in Israel, and And make us lose the good-we oft might win, knowest not these things ?" was the reply. By fearing to attempt.

VARIETIES.

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