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Anecdote. Pulpit Flattery, One of the 481. VE

first acts, performed by the young monarch, NERATION

George the Third, after his accession to the to parents, teachers,

throne of England, was, to issue an order, superiors or

prohibiting any of the clergy, who should be persons of

called before him, from paying him any comeminent vir tue and al

pliments in their discourse. His majesty was tainments

led to this, from the fulsome adulation which is an humble

Dr. Thomas Wilson, prebendary of Westminand respectful acknow

ster, thought proper to deliver, in the royal Tedgment

chapel; and for which, instead of thanks, he of their ex

received a pointed reprimand; his majesty cellence, and our own

observing, “that he came to hear the praise inferiority:

of God, and not his own." the head and

Love. The brightest part of love is its confibody are in clined a little forward, and the hand, with the dence. It is that perfect, that unhesitating relipalm downwards, just raised to meet the inclina- ance, that interchange of every idea and every tion of the body, and then let fall again with ap- feeling, that perfect community of the heart's separent timidity and diffidence; the eye is some- crets and the mind's thoughts, which binds two times lifted up, and then immediately cast downward, as if unworthy to behold the object before beings together more closely, more dearly than it; the eyebrows drawn down in the most respect the dearest of human ties; more than the vow of ful manner; the features, and the whole body and passion, or the oath of the altar. It is that confi. limbs, all composed to the most profound gravity; dence which, did we not deny its sway, would one portion continuing without much change. give to earthly love a permanence that we find When veneration rises to adoration of the Almighty Creator and Redeemer, it is too sacred to

but very seldom in this world. be imitated, and seems to demand that humble Varieties. 1. Some misfortunes seem to annihilation of ourselves, which must ever be the be inevitable; but they generally proceed from consequence of a just sense of the Divine Majesty, and our own unworthiness. This feeling is al- our want of judgment, and prudence. 2. Igways accompanied with more or less of awe, ac- norance of the facts, upon which a science is cording to the object, place, &c. Respect--is but based, precludes much proficiency in that a less degrees of veneration, and is nearly allied science. 3. Trade, like a restive horse, is not to modesty. Almighty God ! 'tis right, 'tis just,

easily managed; where one is carried to the That earthly frames-should turn to dust;

end of a successful journey, many are thrown But O, the sweet, transporting truth,

off by the way. 4. No accident can do harm The soulshall bloom in endless youth. to virtue; it helps to make it manifest. 5. In its sublime research, philosophy

True faith is a practical principle; it is doing May measure out the ocean-deep-may count

what we understand to be true. 6. It is very The sands, or the sun's rays-but, God! for thee difficult to talk and act like a madman, but There is no weight nor measure: none can mount not like a fool. 7. Rely not on the companUp to thy mysteries; Reason's brightest spark, ions of your pleasure; trust not the associThough kindled by thy light, in vain would try ates of your health and prosperity; it is only To trace thy counsels, infinite and dark :

in the hour of adversity, that we learn the And thought is lost, ere thought can soar so high,

sincerity of our friends. 8. The genuine feelEven like past moments—in eternity.

ings of human nature, are always the same; This world—is all a fleeting show,

and the language of passion every where unFor man's illusion given;

derstood. 9. Demosthenes said, that action, The smiles of joy,--the tears of woe,

or delivery, constitutes the beginning, middle Deceitful shine, deceitful flow

and end of oratory. 10. In proportion as a There's nothing true-but Heaven!

truth is great, and transcending the capacity And false the light-on glory's plume,

of the age, it is either rejected, or forgotten.
As fading hues of even ;
And love, and hope, and beauty's bloom, Let me not to the marriage of true minds
Are blossoms-gather'd for the tomb,-

Admit impediments. Love is not love,
There's nothing bright—but Heaven!

Which alters when it alteration finds,

Or bends with the remover to remove :
Poor wanderers-of a stormy day,
From wave—to wave-we're driven,

O no! it is an ever-fixed mark,

That looks on tempests, and is never shaken; And fancy's flash, and reason's ray,

It is the star to every wandering bark,

[ken. Serve but to light--the troubled way

Whose worth's unknown, altho' bis height be taThere's nothing calm-but Heaven!

Love's not Time's fool, tho'rosy lips and cheeks He was too good

Within its bending sickle's compass come; Where ill men were : and was best of all

Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, Among the rarest of good ones.

But bears it out e'en to the edge of doom.
When usefulness, and pleasure join,

If this be error, and upon me prov'd,
Perfection-crowns the grand design. I never writ, nor no man ever lov'd.


The Investigation of Thought. While 482. SNEER

investigating the nature of thought, we forget is ironical

that we are thinking : we propose to understand a pprobation;

that, which, in the very effort to do so, necessawith a voice

rily becomes the more unintelligible; for while and countenance of

we think that we appreciate the desired end, the mirth, some

power that enables us to do so, is a part of the what exagge

thing sought, which must remain inexplicable. rated, we cast

Since it is impossible to understand the nature the severest

of thought by thinking, it is manifest, that every censure; it is hypocritical

modification of thought, must be quite obscure in mirth and

its nature; and, for the same reason, in judging good humor,

of what we call ideas, we must use ideas derived and differs from the real

from the same original, while every judgment is by the sly,

only a new modification. Therefore, the only lich, satyri

true philosophy of mind, must, as to its princical tones of voice, look and gesture, that accom- ples, be revealed. Has there been such a revelapany it; the nose is sometimes turned up, to

tion? manifest our contempt, disdain. SCORN-is the extreme of contempt; that disdain, which Anecdote. Brotherly Love. A little boy, springs from a person's opinions of the meanness of an object, and a consciousness, or belief seeing two nestling birds peck at each other, of his own worth and superiority.

inquired of his elder brother, what they were Satan beheld their flight,

doing “They are quarreling," was the And to his mates—thus, in derision callid :

reply. "

No," replied the other, “ that canO friends! why come not on those victors proud? not be, for they are brothers." Ere while, they fierce were coming, and when we,

VARIETIES. To entertain them fair, with open front, [terms But seven wise men the ancient world did know; And breast, (what could we more ?) propounded We scarce know sev'n, who think thems'lo's not so. Of composition-strai't they changed their minds, Flew off, and into strange vagaries fell,

If a better system's thine, As they would dance; yet for a dance, they rais'd

Impart it freely; or make use of mine. Somewhat extravagant and wild, perhaps for

3. He, who knows the world, will not be too Joy of offer'd peace; but I suppose,

bashful; and he, who knows himself, will If our proposals once again were heard, never be impudent. 4. To speak all that is We should compel them to a quick result. true, is the part of fools; to speak more than

483. You pretend to reason? you don't is true, is the folly of too many. 5. Does a so much as know the first elements of the art candle give as much light in the day time, as of reasoning: you don't know the difference at night? 6. I am not worthy of a friend, between a category and a predicament, nor if I do not advise him when he is going between a major and a minor. Are you a astray. 7. A bad great man, is a great had doctor, and don't know that there is a com- man; for the greatness of an evil, makes a munication between the brain and the legs? man's evil greater. 8. All public vices, are 2. SNEER. He has been an author these twen- not only crimes, but rules of error; for they ty years, to his bookseller's knowledge, if to are precedents of evil. 9. Toyish airs, please no one's else. 3. Chafe not thyself about the trivial ears; they kiss the fancy, and then berabble's censure: they blame, or praise, but tray it. 10. Oh! what bitter pills men swalas one leads the other.

low, to purchase one false good. O what a rogue and peasant slave am I!

Aside the devil turn'd, Is it not monstrous, that this player here, For envy, yet with jealous leer malign, But in a fiction, in a dream of passion,

Ey'd them askance, and to himself thus plain'd: Could force his soul so to his own conceit,

Sight hateful, sight tormenting! thus these two, That from her working, all his visage warm’d,

Imparadis'd in one another's arms, Tears in his eyes, distraction in his aspect,

The happier Eden shall enjoy their fill A broken voice, and his whole function suiting, of bliss on bliss : while I to hell am thrust, With forms to his conceit! and all for nothing; Where neither joy nor love, but fierce desire, Fix: Hecuba !

Among our other torments, not the least, What's Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba,

Still unfulfilled, with pain of longing pines. That he should weep for her ?

Learning is an addition beyond
Thou look'st a very statue of surprise,

Nobility of birth : honor of blood,
As if a lightning blast had dried thee up, Without the ornament of knowledge, is
And had not left thee moisture for a tear.

A glorious ignorance.
IIow, like a broken instrument, beneath

Self-love never yet could look on Truth, The skillful touch, my joyless heart lies dead !

But with hlear'd beams; sleck Flattery and she Nor answers to the master's hand divine.

Are twin-born sisters, and so mix their eyes, What can ennoble sots, or slares, or cowards? As if you sever one, the other dies.



of silver, which the boy conceiving was to be 484. FEAR

changed, went for that purpose; but, on his is a powerful

return, not finding his benefactor, he watched emotion, excited by expectation of

several days; at length the gentleman passed some evil, or ap

that way; when the boy accosted him, and prehension of im

gave him all the change, counting it with pending danger;

great exactness. The nobleman was so it expresses less apprehension

pleased with the boy's honesty, that he placed than dread, and

him at school, with the assurance of providthis less than ter

ing for him afterwards; which he did, and ror or fright: it excites us to pro

that boy became an ornament to humanity. vide for our secu

Etiquette of Stairs. In showing a vis. rity on the apo proach of evil;

itor-up or down stairs, always precede him, sometimes settles

or her: there is a common error upon this into deep anxie

subject, which ought to be corrected. Some ty, or solicitude: ii may be either filial in the good, or slavish in persons will suffer you to precede them; even the wicked. See the engraving for its external when they hold the light. Gentlemen should appearance, and also Terror or


always precede ladies, up and down stairs. Now, all hush'd—and still, as death!

Etiquette of Riding. The gentleman How reverend is this tall piie,

should keep the lady on the right hand, that Whose ancient pillars rear their marble heads, she may the more conveniently converse with To bear aloft its arch'd and ponderous roof, him, and he may the more readily assist her, By its own weight made steadfast and immorable, in case of accident. Looking-tranquillity! it strikes an awe,

Varieties. 1. When you have bought And terror on my aching sight.

[cold, The tombs, and monumental caves of death, look that your appearance may all be of a piece.

one fine thing, you must buy ten more ; so And shoot a chillness to my trembling heart. Give me thy hand, and let me hear thy coice;

2. Miraculous evidence, is inefficacious for Nay, quickly speak to me, and let me hear producing any real, or permanent change in Thy voice—my own af-frights me with its echoes.

one's confirmed religious sentiments; and Tis night! the season when the happy-take

this is the reason, that no more of the Scribes Repose, and only witches are awake;

and Pharisees of old, embraced the christian Now, discontented ghosts begin their rounds,

religion. 3. The great secret, by which hapo Haunt ruin'd buildings and unwholesome grounds. piness is to be realized, is to be contented First, Fear-his hand its skill to try,

with our lot, and yet strive to make it better, Amid the chords bewilder'd laid ;

by abstaining from everything that is evil. 4. And back recoil'd, he knew not why,

Every one is responsible for his own acts: all Ev'n at the sound himself had made.

must be judged according to their deeds. 5. A sudden trembling-seized on all his limbs,

Is it not much easier to blame, than to avoid His eyes distorted grew, his visage-pale;

blame? 6. What is the difference between His speech forsook him!

good and evil? 7. What makes us so disFull fast he flies, and dares not look behind him; contented with our condition, is the false and Till, out of breath, he overtakes his fellows, exaggerated estimate, we form of the happiWho gather round, and wonder at the lots of ness of others. 8. It is much easier to plunge horrid apparitions.

into extravagance, than to reduce our 6XCome, old sir,-here's the place-stand still ; penses ; this is pre-eminently true of nations, How fearful 'tis to cast one's eyes so low!

as well as individuals. 9. Be decisive," or The crows and choughs, th't wing the midway air, mild, according to circumstances. 10. Suit Show scarce so gross as beetles. Half way down, your conduct to the occasion. Ilangs one that gathers samphire, dreadful trade!

As flame ascends, Methinks he seems no bigger than one's head; As bodies to their proper centre move, The fishermen th't walk upon the beach,

As the pois'd ocean to the attracting moon Appear like mice, and yon tall anchoring bark, Obedient swells, and every headlong stream Seems lessen'd to a skiff ;-her skiff a buoy, Devolves its winding waters to the main, Almost too small for sight. The murmuring surge, So all things which have life aspire to God, That on unnumber'd idle pebbles chafes,

The sun of being, boundless, unimpair'd, Cannot be heard so high. I'll look no more,

Centre of souls. Lest my brain turn, and the disorder make me

Nature Tumble down headlong.

Never did bring forth a man without a man;

Nor could the first man, being but Anecdote. A nobleman, traveling in

The passive subject, not the active mover, Scotland, was asked for alms, in Edinburgh,

Be the maker of himself; so of necessity, by a little ragged boy. He told him he had no

There must be a power superior to nature. change; upon which the boy otiered to pro

Spare not, nor spend too much; be this your care cure it. His lordship finally gave him a piece Spare-but to spend, and only spend to spare

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the track of its agency shall exceed human 485. RAIL

sight and calculation. ERY-may sig

Anecdote. The duke of Orleans, on benify a bantering, a prompt

ing appointed regent of France, insisted on ing to the use

the power of purdoning: "I have no objecof jesting lan

tion," said he, "to have my hands tied from guage; good humored please

doing harm; but I will have them free to do antry, or slight

good." satire; satirical

Truth. Truth will ever be unpalatable to merriment, wit, irony, burs

those, who are determined not to relinquish lesque. It is

error, but can never give offence to the honvery difficult

est and well-meaning : for the plain-dealing indeed, to mark the precise

remonstrances of a friend-differ as widely boundaries of

from the rancor of an enemy, as the friendly the different

probe of a surgeon-from the dagger of an passions, as

assassin. some of them are so slightly touch'd, and often melt into each Varieties. 1. Envy is blind to all good; other; but because we cannot perfectly delineate and the ruling passion of the envious is, to every shade of sound and passion, is no reason detract from the virtues of others. 2. A good why we should not attempt approaches to it.

486. RAILLERY, without animosity, puts on the person will have no desire to influence othaspect of cheerfulness; the countenance smiling, ers, any farther than they can see that his and the lone of voice sprightly.

course is right. 3. Good fortune, however Let me play the fool

long continued, is no pledge of future secuWith mirth and laughter; so let the wrinkles come, rity. 4. Cases often occur, when a prudent And let my liver rather heat with wine,

and dignified confession, or acknowledgment Than my heart cool with mortifying groans. of error, gives to the person making it, a deWhy should a man, whose blood is warm within, cided advantage over his adversary. 5. AgiSit like his grandsire cut in alabaster?

tation is to the moral and mental world, Sleep when he wakes, and creep into the jaundice, what storms are to the physical world; what By being peevish? I tell thee what, Antonio,

winds are to the ocean, what exercise is to (I love thee, and it is my love that speaks,)

the body. 6. Truth can never die; she is There are a sort of men, whose visages

immortal, like her Author. 7. There are a Do cream and mantle like a standing pond,

great many fools in the world: he who would And do a willful stillness entertain,

avoid seeing one, must lock himself up alone, With purpose 10 be drest in opinion Of wisdom, gravity, profound conceit,

and break his looking glass. 8. What we As, who should say, I am Sir Oracle,

do ourselves—is generally more satisfactoriAnd when I ope my lips, let no dog bark ! ly done, than what is done by others. 9. Such I'll tell thee more of this another time;

is the state of the world, at present, that But fish not with this melancholy bait,

whoever wishes to purchase anything, must For this fool's gudgeon, this opinion.

beware. 10. The opposite of the heavenly virCome, good Lorenzo, fare-ye-well a while, tues and principles, are the principles of hell. I'll end my exhortation after dinner.

A fool, a fool, I met a fool i'th'forest; 487. Miscellaneous. 1. It is impossi- A motley fool, a miserable varlet; ble, to estimate, even an inconsiderable As I do live by food, I met a fool, effort to promote right education. 2. It is Who laid him down, and bask'd him in the sun, said, that a stone, thrown into the sea, agi- And rail'd on lady Fortune in good terms; tates every drop of water in that vast ex- In good set terms, and yet a motley fool; panse ; so it may be, in regard to the influ- Good morrow, fool, quoth I; No, sir, quoth he, cnce we exert on the minds of the young. 3. Call me not fool, till heav'n hath sent me fortune; Who can tell, what may be the effect of a sin. And then he drew a dial from his poak, gle good principle, deeply fixed in the mind; And looking on it, with lack-lustre eye, a single pure and virtuous association strong- Says, very wisely, It is ten o'clock; ly riveted, or a single happy turn given to the Thus may we see, quoth he, how the world wags : thoughts and affections of youth? It may And after one hour more 'twill be eleven,

'Tis but an hour ago since it was nine, spread a salutary and sacred influence over the whole life, and thro’ the whole mass of the And so from hour to hour we ripe and ripe,

And then from hour to hour we rot and rot, child's character. Nay more ; as the charac- And thereby hangs a tale. When I did hear ter of others, who are to come after him, may, The motley fool thus moral on the time, and probably will depend much on his, the im- My lungs began to crow like chanticleer, pulse we give cannot cease in him, who first That fools should be so deep contemplative: received it, it will go down from one generation And I did laugh sans intermission to another, widening and deepening, and An hour by his dial. O noble fool! reaching forth with various modifications, till | A worthy fool! motley's the only wear


Woman's Love. As the dove will clasp its 488. HOR

wings to its side, and cover and conceal the arrow, ROR—is an excessive degree

that is preying on its vitals, so is the nature of woof fear, or a

man, to hide from the world the pangs of wounded painful emo

affection. tion, which

Anecdote. Swearing nobly Reproved. makes a per

Prince Henry, son of James II., had a partic son tremble: it is generally

ular aversion to the vice of swearing, and composed of

profanation of the name of God. When at fear and ha

play, he was never known to use bad words; tred, or disgust; the recital of a

and on being asked the reason, why he did bloody deed

not swear, as well as others, answered, that fills one with

| he knew no game worthy of an oath. The horror; there are the horrors

same answer he gave at a hunting match, of war, and the

when the almost spent stag was killed by a horrors of famine, horrible places and horrible butcher's dog, that was passing along the dreams; the ascension seems to be as follows, the road; the huntsmen tried to irritate the prince the body,) the frightful, the tremendous,

terrible against the butcher, but without succeeding. and horrible: the fearful wave; the dreadful day; His highness answered coolly, " True, the frightful convulsions ; tremendous storms; terrific glare of the eyes; a horrid murder.

dog killed the stag, but the butcher could not

help it.” They replied, that if his father had Hark!--the death-denouncing trumpetsounds been served so, he would have sworn so, as The fatal charge, and shouts proclaim the onset.

no one could have endured it. “Away,” said Destruction-rushes dreadful to the field, And bathes itself in blood. Havoc let loose,

the prince, “all the pleasure in the world is, Now undistinguished—rages all around;

not worth an oath.” While RUIN, seated on her dreary throne,

Varieties. 1. A selfish person is never Sees the plain strew'd with subjects, truly hers,

contented, unless he have every thing his own Breathless and cold!

way, and have the best place, and be put first 489. PLOTTING CRUELTY AND HORROR! Mac- in every thing; of course, he is generally un.. beth's soliloquy before murdering Duncan. (Start- happy. 2. The mind of man is; of itself, ing.) "Is this a dagger, which I see before me ?» opaque; the Divine mind alone, is luminous.. (Courage.) “The handle toward my hand? Come, He is the light of both worlds, the natural and let me clutch thee:" (Wonder.) “I have thee not; spiritual. 3. Is it not better to remain in a and yet I see thee still.(Horror.) "Art thou not, state of error, than to understand something fatal vision, sensible to feeling—as to sight? or art of a truth, and then reject it, because we do thou but a dagger of the mind? a false creation, not understand it fully? 4. Guilt was never proceeding from the heat-oppress'd brain?" (Eyes a rational thing; it disturbs and perverts the staring, and fixed to one point.) “I see thee yet, faculties of the mind, and leaves one no longin form as palpable as that which now I draw.”

er the use of his reason. 5. All evils, in their (Here draws his own, and compares them.) “Thou marshall'st me the way that I was going; and because of the propensity to evil, into which

very nature, are contagious, like the plague; such an instrument I was to use. Mine eyes are made the fools of the other senses, or else worth all every one is born; therefore, keep out of the the rest : I see thee still; and on thy blade and dud- infected sphere as much as possible. 6. Is geon, gouts of blood, which was not so before." the eye tired with beautiful objects, or the ear (Doubting.) “There's no such thing." (Horror.) with melodious sounds ? Love duty, then, "It is the bloody business, which informs thus to and performance will be delightful. 7. Seek mine eyeș. Now, o'er one-half the world, nature only good.; thus, pleasure comes unsought. seems dead, and wicked dreams abuse the cur- When twilight dews are falling fast, tain'd sleep; now witchcraft-celebrates, pale He- Upon the rosy sea; cate's offerings; and withered murder, alarmed by that star whose beam so oft his sentinel, the wolf, whose howl's his watch, thus Has lighted me to thee; with his stealthy pace, towards his design-moves And thou, too, on that orb so dear, like a ghost. Thou sound and firm-sel earth, hear

Ah! dost thou gaze at evin, not my steps, which way they walk, for fear the And think, tho lost forever here, very stones prate of my whereabout, and take the Thou'lt yet be mine in heav'n! present horror from the time, which now suits There's not a garden walk I.tread, with it. While I threat, he lives I go, and it is There's not a flower I see; done; the bell invites me. (A bell rings.) Hear it But brings to mind some hope that's fled, not, Duncan; for it is a knell, that summons thee Some joy I've lost with thee; to heaven, or to hell.

And still I wish that hour was near;. Music! oh! how faint, how weak!

When, friends and foes forgiven, LANGUAGE-fades before thy spell;

The pains, the ills we've wept thro' here, Why should feeling-ever speak,

May turn to smiles in heaven! When thou canst breathe her soul-so well. He help'd to bury, whom he help'd to starve.

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