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496. THE MINOR, AND SOME OF THE MA-1 Maxims. 1. If a person feels wrong, he will JOR Passions. The following common ex. be very sure to judge wrong, and thence do
all pressions are full of meaning : such judg- wrong. 2. Passions strong, judgment wrong, ments are passed every day, concerning dif- the world over. 3. Always do the very best you ferent individuals; “You might have seen it can, and then you'll be a wise man. 4. Children in his eyes : the looks of the man is enough; should be encouraged to do, whatever they unhe has an honest countenance : his manner dertake, in the very best manner. 5. He who sets every one at his ease; I will trust him who is accustomed to do the best he can, in lower
aims low, can never hit exalted objects; and he for his honest face; should he deceive me, I things, will be best prepared to attain excellence will never trust any body again; he cannot in the highest. 6. Children should never be allook a person in the face ; his appearance is lowed to fall into habits of disorder in anything; against him; he is better (or worse,) than I nor permitted to put things out of order, or make took him to be.”
work for others. 7. Of goods, prefer the greatest; 497. ADMONI
of evils choose the least. 8. Children are always grave air bordering
more attracted and interested by oral instruction, on severity; the
than by book instruction. head is sometimes
Anecdote. A Quaker-was waited on by shaken at the person we admonish,
four of his workmen, to make their complias if we felt for the
ments to him, and ask for their usual Newmiseries he was
year's gifts. The Quaker told them, There are likely to bring upon himself; the
your gifts,-choose fifteen francs, or the Bihand is directed to
ble. All took the francs, but a lad, about the person spoken
fourteen, who chose the Bible, as the Quato, and the fore-fin
ker said it was a good book; and, on opening ger, projected from the rest, seems to
it he found, between the leaves, a gold piece point more particu.
of forty francs. The others held down their jarly to the danger
heads, and the giver told them, he was sorry we give warning of; the voice assumes a low pitch, bordering on a
they had not made a better choice. monotone, with a mixture of severity and sympa Varieties. 1. We cannot be truly just, thy of pity, and reproach.
without prudence, or truly prudent, without MISCELLANEOUS. 1. The habituating chil- justice ; because prudence leads us to indren to work for, and serve the poor, particu- quire what is just ; and justice alone can larly poor children, with a good will, may prevent that perversion of intellect taking justly be regarded, as tending to promote the reception of the highest order and quality of place, which often passes for prudence, but is heavenly virtue. 2. It is not in knowing the 2. Temperance signifies the right use of the
only cunning, the offspring or selfishness. will of God, but in doing it, that we shall be right things, furnished by nature for our enblessed. 3. The noblest aspect in which the
joyment, so that they may not injure, but divine majesty of the Lord can be viewed, benefit us; and instead of unfitting us for is that, in which he presented himself
, when our duties, dispose and fit us for their perhe said, that he came, not to be ministered formance. 3. He, who is not temperate, is a unto, but to minister ;” and how great a priv- slave to his appetites and passions; the slave ilege ought we to esteem it to be, to follow of drinking, gluttony and lust; of pride, his example. 4. What a pity it is, that pa- vanity and ambition ; because he is not at rents and teachers are not more anxious to liberty to be, what he was created to be. mend the heart, than furnish the heads of their children and pupils! 5. Charity is The prophet spoke : when, with a gloomy frown,
The monarch started from his shining throne; something more than a word, or wish; it is
Black choler filled his breast, that boild with ire, the consistent practice of true wisdom.
And, from his eyeballs, flashed the living fire. 'Tis one thing to be tempted, Escalus,
Of beasts, it is confessed the ape-Another thing--to fall. I not deny
Comes nearest us--in human shape; The jury, passing on the prisoner's life,
Like man, he imitates each fashion;
And malice-is his ruling passion.
I hate, when vice can bolt her arguments,
And virtue—has no tongue, to check her pride.
But not to me return
Day, or the sweet approach of even and morn, We tread upon, and never think of it.
But cloud instead, and ever-during dark You may not so extenuate his offence,
Surrounds me. For I have had such faults; but rather tell me
If sweet content is banished from my soul, When I, that censure him, do not so offend,
Life grows a burden, and a weight of woe. Let mine own judgment pattern out my death, Music-moves us, and we know not why; And nothing come in partial. He must die. We feel the tears, but cannot trace their source.
Laconics. I have seen the flower—witherwith a judicial oath, is
ing on the stalk, and its bright leaves-spread on expressed by lifting up
the ground. I looked again; it sprung forth the right hand and eyes towards heaven; if con
afresh ; its stem was crowed with new buds, and science be applied to,
its sweetness filled the air. I have seen the sun by laying the right hand
set in the west, and the shades of night shut in upon the breast exactly
the wide horizon: there was no color or shape, upon the heart; the voice low and solemn, the
nor beauty, nor music; gloom and darkness brooded words slow and deliber
around. I looked! the sun broke forth again upon ate; but when the affir
the east, and gilded the mountain-tops ; the lark mation is mixed with
rose-to meet him from her low nest, and the rage or resentment, the
shades of darkness fled away. I have seen the voice is more open and loud, the words quicker,
insect, being come to its full size, languish, and reand the countenance has all the confidence of a fuse to eat: it spun itself a tomb, and was shroudstrong and peremptory assertion.
ed in the silken cone: it lay without feet, or shape, Notes. The Duke had reproached Lord Thurlow with his or power to move. I looked again: it had burst its plebeian extraction and his recent admission to the peerage. He tomb; it was full of life, and sailed on colored rose from the woolsack and advanced slowly to the place from wings through the soft air ; it rejoiced in its new which the chancellor addresses the house, then fixing his eye on
being. the Duke (in the words of a spectator,)“ with the look of Jove when he has grasped the thunder," spoke as follows:
Varieties. 1. Many a young lady can My Lords—I am amazed ; yes my Lords, I am
chatter in French or Italian, thrum the piano, amazed at his grace's speech. The noble duke and paint a little, and yet be ignorant of cannot look before him. behind him, or on either housekeeping, and not know how even to side of him, without seeing some noble peer, who make a loaf of bread, roast a piece of meat, owes his seat in this house to his successful exertions, in the profession to which I belong. Does or make a palatable soup. 2. It is a false he not feel that it is as honorable, to owe it to idea to think of elevating woman to her right these, as to being the accident of an accident? To all these noble lords, the language of the noble position of intelligence and influence in soduke is as applicable, and as insulting, as it is to ciety, without making her thoroughly and myself. But I don't fear to meet it single and practically acquainted with the details of doalone. No one venerates the peerage more than mestic life. 3. It is wrong for either men or I do—but, my lords, I must say, that the peerage solicited me, -not I the peerage.
women, to bury themselves in their everyNay more,–I can say, and will say, that as a day avocation, to the neglect of intellectual peer of parliament,-as speaker of this right hon- and moral culture, and the social amenities orable house, as keeper of the great seal, -as guardian of his majesty's conscience,-as' lord of life: but it is still worse to give exclusive high chancellor of England-nay, even in that attention to the latter, and utterly neglect the character alone, in which the noble duke would former; because, in the former are involved think it an affront to be considered—but which character none can deny me—as a MAN, I am, at
our first and most important duties. 4. Neg. this time, as much respected, as the proudest peer lected duties never bring happiness: even I now look down upon.
the best of society would fail to delight, if A man of sovereign parts he is esteem'd! enjoyed at the expense of human duties. 5. Well fitted in the arts, glorious in arms;
That which is our duty should always take Nothing becomes him ill, that he would well.
precedence: otherwise, no effort to obtain The only soil of his fair virtue's gloss,
happiness can be successful. (If virtue's gloss will stain with any soil,) Is a sharp wit match'd with too blunt a will : (wills And sing the impressive force of SPRING on man:
Still-let my song-a nobler note assume,
Then, HEAVEN—and earth, as if contending,-vie
To raise his being, -and serene-his soul. Anecdote. Butler, Bishop of Durham, Can he forbear-to join-the general smile and author of the Analogy, being applied to Of NATURE ? Can fierce passions-vex his breast, for a charitable subscription, asked his steward While every gale is peace, and every grove what money he had in his house; the stew- Is melody? ard informed him there were five hundred The happiness-of human kind, pounds. “ Five hundred pounds.!” said the Consists-in rectitude of mind,bishop; “what a shame for a bishop to have A will subdued to reason's sway, such a sum in his possession !” And he or And passions—practiced to obey : dered it all to be given to the poor immedi An open-and a generous heart, ately.
Refined from selfishness—and art;
Patience, which mocks—at fortune's power, Forth from his lonely hiding-place,
And wisdom-neither sad, nor sour. (Portentous sight!) the owlet Atheism,
Never forget our loves,—but always cling Sailing on obscure wings athwart the noon, To the fixed hope—th't there will be a time, Drops his blue-fringed lids, and holds them close, When we can meet-unfetter'd--and be blesk And, hooting at the glorious sun in heaven, With the full happiness-of certain love. Cries out, “Where is it?"
A villain, when he most seems kind, The world is still deceived by ornament.
Is most to be suspected.
Laconics. 1. The idle-often delay till toHaving gone thro',
Morrow, what ought to be done to-day. 2. Science briefly, with the ma
is the scribe, and theology the interpreter of God's jor passions, and
works. 3. Regret is unavailing, when a debt is given illustrations of each, before dis
contracted; tho' a little prudence, might have premissing these im
vented its being incurred. 4. A loud, or vehement portant subjects, it
mode of delivery, accompanied by a haughty acmay be useful to
tion, may render an expression highly offensive; present the minor ones; occasionally
but which would be perfectly harinless, if proalluding to the prin
nounced properly. 5. Dishonesty chooses the most cipal ones. The ac
expeditious route; virtile the right one, though it be companying engra
more circuitous. 6. Is the soul a mere vapor, a ving represents calm fortitude, dis
something without either essence or form? 7. Imcretion, benevo
pressions, firmly fixed in the mind, and long cherlence, goodness, and
ished, are erased with great difficulty; how impornobility. Admira
tant, then, they should be good ones. tion may also be combined with amazement: surprise, (which sig.
Difficulty-is a severe instructor, set over nifies—taken on a sudden,) may, for a moment,
us by the supreme ordinance of a parental startle; astonishment may stupefy, and cause an guardian and legislator, who knows us better entire suspension of the faculties; but AMAZEMENT than we know ourselves, and he loves us bethas also a mixture of perturbation; as the word means to be in a maze, so as not to be able to
ter too. He, that wrestles with us, strengthens collect one's self: there is no mind that may not, our nerves, and sharpens our skill. Our anat times, be thrown into amazement at the awful tagonist is our helper. This amicable conflict dispensations of Providence.
with difficulty obliges us to an intimate acADMONITION TO ACT JUSTLY. Remember March, the ides of MARCH remember! quaintance with our object, and compels us
to consider it in all its relations. It will not Did not great Julius-bleed for JUSTICE' sake? What villain touch'd his body,—that did stab,
suffer us to be superficial. And not for justice?
VARIETIES. What! shall one of us,
Sleep-seldom visits sorrow; That struck the foremost man-of all this world,
When it does, it is a comforter. But for supporting robbers, shall we-now
Why, on that brow, dwell sorrow and dismay, Contaminate our fingers with base bribes ?
Where loves were wont to sport, and smiles to play? And sell the mighty space of our large honors,
With equal mind, what happens, let us bear, For so much trash-as may be grasped thus?
Nor joy, nor grieve too much, for things beyond our care. I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon,
Thus, my fleeting days, at last, Than such a Roman.
Unheeded, silently are passed, Anecdote. Ethelwold, bishop of Win
Calmly-shall I resign my breath, chester, in king Edgar's time, sold the gold
In life-unknown-forgot—in death. and silver vessels belonging to the church, to
Love-never reasons, but profusely gives ; relieve the poor, during a famine, saying:
Gives, like a thoughtless prodigal, its all, “There is no reason, that the senseless tem
And trembles then, lest it has done too little. ples of God, should abound in riches, while his
Tho' all seems lost, 'tis impious—to despair;
The tracks of Providence-like rivers-wind. living temples ware perishing with hunger.”
Why shrinks the soul
Back on herself, and startles at destruction? W
'Tis the Divinity--that stirs within us. gentle stars unite, and in one fate Their hearts, their fortunes, and their beings blend. Still raise--for good—the supplicating voice, Tis not the coarser tie-of human laws,
But leave to HEAVEN the measure, and the choice; Unnatural oft, and foreign to the mind,
Safe in His power, whose eye discerns afar That binds their peace, but harmony itself,
The secret ambush of a specious prayer. Attuning all their passions into love;
Implore His aid; in His decisions rest; Where friendship-full, exerts her softest power,
Secure—whate'er He gives, he gives the best. Perfect esteem, enliven'd by desire
Yet, when the sense of sacred presence fires, Ineffable, and sympathy of soul;
And strong devotion—to the skies aspires, Thought, meeting thought, and will preventing will, Pour forth thy fervors—for a healthful mind, With boundless confidence: for nought but love
Obedient passions, and a will resigned; Can answer love, and render bliss secure.
For love, which scarce collective man can fill;
For patience, sovereign o'er transmuted ill;
For faith, that, panting for a happier seat,
These goods He grants, who grants the power ta For places in the court, are but like beds
With these celestial wisdom calms the mind, [gain, In the hospital; where this man's headlies And makes the happiness—she does not find. At that man's foot, and so, lower and lower.
Call it diversion, and the pill goes down 26
500. Arguing requires a cool, sedate, atten Laconics. 1. To know-is one thing, to do, tive aspect, and a close, slow, and emphatical | is another. 2. Consider what is said, rather than accent, with much demonstration by the hand ; it assumes somewhat of authority, as if fully who said it: and the consequence of the arguconvinced of what it pleads for; and sometimes ment, rather than the consequence of him, who rises to great vehemence and energy of action : delivers it. 3. These proverbs, maxins, and laconthe voice clear, distinct, and firm as in confidence. ics, are founded on the facts, that mankind are the
REASONING WITH DEFERENCE TO OTHERS. same, and that the passions are the disturbing
forces; the greater or less prevalence of which,
This World. What is the happiness that 591. AFFECTATion_displays itself in a thou- this world can give ? Can it defend us from dissand different gestures, airs, and looks, accord asters? Can it preserve our hearts from grief, ing to the character which the person affects.
our eyes from tears, or our feet from falling? Affectation of learning-gives a stiff formality to the whole person : the words come stalking out
Can it prolong our comforts ? Can it multiply our with the pace of a funeral procession, and every days? Can it redeem ourselves, or our friends sentence has the solemnity of an oracle. Affec- from death ? Can it soothe the king of terrors, tation-of pity--turns up the goggling whites of or initigate the agonies of the dying ? the eye to heaven, as if the person was in a trance, and fixes them in that posture so long,
VARIETIES. that the brain of the beholder grows giddy : Three poets, in three distant ages born, then comes up deep grumbling, a holy groan
Greece, Italy, and England did adorn. from the lower part of the thorax, but so tremendous in sound, and so long protracted, that you
The first in loftiness of thought surpassed ; expect to see a goblin rise, like an exhalation The next, in majesty ; in both, the last. from the solid earth: thus he begins to rock, The force of nature could no further go; from side to side, or backward and forward, like
To make a third, she join'd the former two. an aged pine on the side of a hill, when a brisk wind blows; the hands are clasped together,
Under a portrait of Milton-Dryden. and often lifted, and the head shaken with fool- | The poetry of earth is never dead!ish vehemence; the tone of voice is canting, or When all the birds are faint with the hot sun, a sing-song lullaby, not much removed from an Irish howl, and the words godly doggerel. AF
And hide in cooling trees, a voice will run, FECTATION OF BEAUTY, and killing-puts a fine From hedge to hedge about the new-mown mead; woman, by turns, into all sorts of forms, appear. That is the grasshopper's ;-he takes the lead ances and attitudes, but amiable ones: she un
In summer luxury ;-he has never done does by art, or rather awkwardness, all that nature has done for her ; for nature formed her al
With his delights; for when tired out with fun most an angel ; and she, with infinite pains, He rests at ease beneath some pleasant weed makes herself a monkey: this species of affec- | The poetry of earth is ceasing never!tation is easily imitated, or taken off: in doing On a lone winter evening, when the frost which, make as many, and as ugly grimaces, mo
Has wro't a silence from the stove, there shrills tions and gestures, as can be made; and take care that nature never peeps out ; thus you may
The cricket's song, in warmth increasing ever, represent coquettish affectation to the life. And seems to one, in drowsiness half lost, Anecdote. A nobleman advised a bishop
The grasshopper's among some grassy hills. to make an addition to his house, of a new
Believe me, if all those endearing young charms,
Which I gaze on so fondly to-day, wing, in modern style. The prelate answer
[armis, ed him, “ The difference between your ad
Were to change by to-morrow, and fleet in my vice and that which the devil gave to our Sa- Thou wouldst still be ador’d, as this moment
Like fairy gifts fading away ; (thou art, viour-is, that Satan advised Jesus to change
Let thy loveliness fade as it will, stones into bread, that the poor might be fed; and around the dear ruin each wish of my heart, and you desire me to turn the bread of the
Would entwine itself verdantly still. poor into stones.
It is not while beauty and youth are thy own,
And thy cheeks unprofan'd by a tear,
That the fervor and faith soul can be known, To himself he lives, and to all else seems dead : To which time will but make thee more dear. This age thinks better of a gilded fool,
Oh! the heart that has truly lov'd, never forgets,
But as truly loves on to the close ;
The same look which she turn'd when he rose!
503. AUTHORITY-opens the countenance, but great, but by keeping his resolutions; no perdraws the eye-brows a little, so as to give the look son ever escaped contempt, who could not an air of gravity.
keep them. AUTHORITY FORBIDDING COMBATANTS TO FIGHT.
Laconics. 1. Writing and printing serve as Let them lay by their helmets and their spears, And both return back to their chairs again :
clothing to our ideas, by which they become visiWithdraw from us,-and let the trumpet sound;
ble in forms, and permanent in duration; thus, Draw near
painters speak of embodying the fleeting colors And list what, with our council, we have done.
of beautiful flowers, by fixing them in some earthFor that our kingdom's earth-should not be soird, ly substance. 2. When the pupil of our intellectual With that dear blood which it hath fosterd;
eyes becomes adjusted to the darkness of error, And for our eyes—doth hate the dire aspect,
genuine truth dazzles and blinds us. 3. Habit can Of civil wounds, plough'd up with neighbor's swords: only get the better of habit; but beware of chang
ing one bad habit for another. 4. The torch of Therefore, we banish you our territories : You, cousin Hereford, upon pain of death,
improvement, is destined to pass from hand to Till twice five summers have enriched our fields,
hand; and what, tho' we do not see the order? 5. Shall not regret our fair dominions,
When nature is excited, she will put forth her efBut tread the stranger paths of banishment.
forts; if not in a right, in a wrong way. 6. Con504. Philosophers say, that man is a mi- sent—is the essence of marriage, the ceremonies—its crocosm, or a little world, resembling in mi- form, and the duties—its uses. niature every part of the great ; and, in our Physiological Ignorance—is undoubtopinion, the body natural may be compared edly, the most abundant source of our sufferings : to the body politic; and if that be so, how every person, accustomed to the sick, must have can the Epicurean's opinion be true, that the heard them deplore their ignorance—of the necesuniverse was formed by a fortuitous concourse sary consequences of those practices, by which of atoms? which we will no more believe, shall be deeply convinced, that the eternal laws of
their health has been destroyed : and when men than that the accidental jumbling of the let
Nature have connected pain and decrepitude with ters of the alphabet could fall by chance into
one mode of life, and health and vigor with another, a most ingenious and learned treatise of phi- they will avoid the former, and adhere to the latter. losophy.
It is strange, however, to observe, that the gener. On pain of death, -no person be so bold
ality of mankind do not seem to bestow a single Or daring hardy, as to touch the lists,
thought on the preservation of their health, till it is Except the marshal, and such officers
too late to reap any benefit from their conviction. Appointed to direct these fair designs.
If knowledge of this kind were generally diffused, THE BOOK OF NATURE.
people would cease to imagine, that the human Let fancy-lead,
constitution was so badly contrived, that a state And be it ours—to follow, and admire,
of general health could be overset by every trifle; As well we may, the graces infinite
for instance, by a little cold; or that the recovery Of nature. Lay aside the sweet resource
of it lay concealed in a few drops, or a pill. Did That winter needs, and may at will obtain,
they better understand the nature of chronic disOf authors, chaste and good, and let us read
eases, and the causes which produce them, they The living page, whose every character
could not be so unreasonable as to think, that they Delights, and gives us wisdom. Not a tree,
might live as they choose, with impunity: or did A plant, a leaf, a blossom, but contains
they know anything of medicine, they would soon A folio volume. We may read, and read,
be convinced, that though fits of pain have been And read again, and still find something new,
relieved, and sickness cured, for a time, the re-esSomething to please, and something to instruct,
tablishment of health-depends on very different E'en in the noisome weed.
Anecdote. Eat Bacon. Dr. Watson, late powers and principles. bishop of Landaff, was enthusiastically at
'Tis doing wrong-creates such doubts. These tached to the writings of Lord Bacon; and Render us jealous, and destroy our peace. considered, that no one, desirous of acquiring
Though wisdom-wake, real sound knowledge, could read the works Suspicion sleeps at wisdom's gate, and 10 simplicity of that great man too often, or with too much Resigns her charge; while goodness thinks no ill
Where no ill seems. care and attention. It was frequently remarked by him—“If a man wishes to become 'Tis god-like magnanimity—to keep, wise, he should eat Bacon."
When most provoked, our reason calm, and clear Making Resolutions. Never form are- Christianity-depends on fact; solution that is not a good one; and, when Religion-is not theory, but act. once formed, never break it. If you form a Amid thy bowers—the tyrant's hand is seen, resolution, and then break it, you set your And desolation-reddens all thy green. self a bad example, and you are very likely No; there is none;--no ruler of the stars; to follow it. A person may get the habit of Regardful of my miseries,--saith despair. breaking his resolutions; this is as bad to Calm, and serene, he sees approaching death, the character and mind, as an incurable dis- As the safe port, the peaceful, silent shore, ease to the body. No person can become Where he may rest, -life's tedious voyage o'er.