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505. BUFFOONERY-assumes a sly, arch, leer Laconics. 1. Every act of apparent disoring gravity; nor must it quit the serious aspect, der and destruction, is, when contemplated aright, though all should split their sides : which command of countenance is somewhat difficult, but and taking in an immeasurable lapse of ages, the not so hard to acquire, as to restrain the contrary most perfect order, wisdom, and love. 2. As it resympathy—that of weeping when others weep. spects the history of our race, scarcely the first Examples will suggest themselves. COMMANDING hour of man has yet passed over our heads; why requires a peremptory air, a severe and stern look: then do we speak of partiality? 3. In turning the hand is held out, and moved towards the person to whom the order is given, with the palm our eyes to the regions of darkness, in the history upwards, and sometimes it is accompanied with of man, as well as to those of light, we are ina significant nod of the head to the person ad-duced to reflect upon our ignorance, as well as up dress'd. If the command be absolute, and to a person unwilling to obey, the riglut hand is extend is of more importance than that of all animals,

on our knowledge. 4. The natural history of man, ed and projected forcibly towards hin. We were not born to sue, but to command;

vegetables, and minerals; and, in mastering the Which, since we cannot do, to make you friends, former, we receive a key to unlock the mysteries Be ready-as your lives shall answer it,

of the latter. 5. Some professors of religion boast At Coventry, upon St. Lambert's day;

of their ignorance of science; and some wouldThere—shall your swords-and lances ARBITRATE

be philosophers, treat with contempt, all truths, that The swelling difference of your settled hate ;

are not mathematical, and derived from facts :

which show the greatest folly? Since we cannot stay you, you shall see Justice-decide the victor's chivalry.

Effects of Success. If you would reLord Marshal-command our officers at arms,

venge yourself on those who have slighted Be ready-to direct these home alarms.

you, be successful; it is a bitter satire on

their want of judgment, to show that you Silence, ye winds, That make outrageous war upon the ocean:

can do without them,-a galling wound—to And thou, old ocean! Jull thy boisterous waves;

the self-love-of proud, inflated people; but Ye wavering elements, be hushed as death,

you must reckon on their hatred, as they While I impose my dread commands on hell;

will never forgive you. And thou, profoundest hell: whose dreadful sway

VARIETIES. Is given to me by fate and demi-gorgon- [gions;

They-never fail, who die Hear, hear my powerful voice, thro' all thy re- In a good cause ; the block may soak their gore; And from thy gloomy caverns thunder the reply. Their heads—may sodden in the sun, their limbs, Begone! forever leave this happy sphere: Be strung to city-gates, and castle-walls; For perjur'd lovers have no mansions here. But still, their spirits-walk aboad. Though years Look round the habitable world, how few

Elapse, and others-share as dark a doom, Know their own good, or, knowing it, pursue.

They but augment the deep swelling thought,

Which overpowers all others, and conduct Happiness—does not consist so much in The world at last—to FREEDOM. outward circumstances and personal gratifi

The ocean,-when it rolls aloud, cations, as in the inward feelings. There

The tempest—bursting from the cloud, can be no true enjoyment of that, which is

In one uninterrupted peal ! not honestly obtained; for a sense of guilt in When darkness-sits around the sky, fuses into it a bitter ingredient, which makes And shadowy forms-go trooping by; it nauseous. What pleasure can the drunk And everlasting mountains reel, ard have in his cups, when he knows, that All, ALL of this-is FREEDOM'S song~ every drop he swallows, is so much dishon 'Tis pealed,— tis pealed-ETERNALLY. estly taken from his wife and children; and, JOY kneels, at morning's rosy prime, that, to satisfy his brutal propensity, they are In worship to the rising sun; deprived of the necessaries of life?

But Sorrow loves the calmer time,

When the day-god his course has run: Anecdote, Dr. Franklin. The follow

When Night is in her shadowy car, ing epitaph, was written by himself, many

Pale Sorrow wakes while Joy doth sleep, years previous to his death: “The body of

And, guided by the evening star, Benjamin Franklin, Printer, (like the cover She wanders forth to muse and weep. of an old book, its contents torn out, and

Joy loves to cull the summer flower, stripp'd of its lettering and gilding,) lies here

And wreath it round his happy brow; food for worms; yet the work itself shall not

But when the dark autumnal hour be lost; for it will, (as he believed,) appear Hath laid the leaf and blossom low; once more in a new and more beautiful edi.

When the frail bud hath lost its worth, tion, corrected and amended by the Author.” And Joy hath dash'd it from his crest, He is a parricide to his mother's name,

Then Sorrow takes it from the earth, And with an impious hand murthers her fame,

To wither on her wither'd breast. That wrongs the praise of women; that dares write

Oh, Liberty, thou goddess, heavenly bright, Libels on saints, or with foul ink requite

Profuse of bliss, and pregnant with delight! The milk they lent us.

Eternal pleasures in thy presence reign, None think the great unhappy, but the great. And smiling plenty loads thy wanton train.

506. COMMENDATION—is the expression of the Laconics. 1. To devolve on science the duapprobation we have for any object, in which ties of religion, or on religion the duties of science, we find any congruity to our ideas of excellence: is to bind together the living and the dead. 2. The natural, or moral, so as to communicate pleasure : as it generally supposes superiority in the person prevailing error of our times is, the cultivation of commending, it assumes the aspect of love (but the intellectual faculties, to the neglect of the mor. without desire and respect,) and expresses itself al faculties; when the former alone are develop'd, in a mild tone of voice, with a small degree of

the child has acquired the means of doing good or confidence; the arms are gently spread, the hands open, with the palms upwards, directed toward the evilto himself, to society, to his country, or to the person approved, and sometimes lifted up and world; but practical goodness alone, can preserve down, as if pronouncing praise.

the equilibrium. 3. Many persons have an unfor. You have done our pleasures very much grace, fair tunate passion for inventing fictions, merely for the Set a fair fashion on our entertainment, (ladies; purpose of exciting amazement in their hearers. Which was not half so beautiful and kind; 4. Those who, without having sufficient knowYou've added worth unto't, and lively lustre, ledge of us, form an unfavorable opinion respectAnd entertain'd me with mine own device ; ing us, do not injure us; they reflect on a pha n. I am to thank you for it.

tom of their own imagination. O good old man, how well in thee—appears

The heart, like a tendril, accustomed to cling, The constant service of the antique world,

Let it go where it will, cannot flourish alone; When service sweat for duty, not for meed!

But will lean to the nearest, and loveliest thing, Thou art not for the fashion of these times,

It can twine with itself, and make closely its own. Where none will sweat-but for promotion ; Honor's a sacred tie, the law of kings, And having that, do choke their service up, The noble mind's distinguishing perfection, Even with the having: it is not so with thee. That aids and strengthens virtue, where it meets her, 507. OBSERVATION. Nothing appears

And imitates her actions, where she is not. easier than to observe, yet few things are more

False honor, like a comet-blazes broad, uncommon. By observe—is meant to consi- But blazes for extinction. Real merit

Shines like the eternal sun-io shine forever. der a subject in all its various parts; first, each part separately; then to examine its analogy She hath no head, and cannot think; she hath with contiguous, or other possible subjects; It is in wrath; or pauses, 'tis in ruin:

No heart, and cannot feel; where'er she moves, to conceive and retain the various proportions Her prayers-are curses; her communiondeath; which delineate, define and constitute the es- Eternity her rengeance; in the blood of her victims, sence of the thing under consideration; to Her red decalogue—is written -(BIGOTRY.) have clear ideas of these proportions, indivi

of doing Injuries to Others. Propitious dually and collectively, as contributing to form conscience, thou equitable and really judge, be a whole, so as not to confound them with never absent from me! Tell me, constantly, other properties or things, however great the that I cannot do the least injury to another, resemblance. The OBSERVER will often see without receiving the counter-stroke; that I where the unobservant is blind. To observe, must necessarily wound myself, when I is to be attentive, so as to fix the mind on a wound another. particular object, which it selects for consideration from a number of surrounding objects.

Nature-never did betray To be attentive—is to consider some one par- The heart, that loved her! 'Tis her privilege, ticular object, exclusively of all others, and to Through all the years of this our life, to lead analyze and distinguish its peculiarities. From joy to joy; for she can so inform

Anecdote. During the mock trial of Louis The mind, that is within us, so impress, XVI., he was asked, what he had done with With quietness and beauty, and so feed a certain sum of money, a few thousand With lofty thoughts, that neither evil tongues, pounds. His voice failed him, and the tears Rash judgments, nor the sneers of selfish men, came into his eyes at the question; at length The dreary intercourse of common life

Nor greetings, where no kindness is, nor all he replied—“I LOVED TO MAKE THE PEOPLE Shall e'er prerail against us, or disturb IAPPY." He had given the money away in Our cheerful faith, that all that we behold charity.

Is full of blessings. Therefore, let the moon Sweet—was the sound, when oft, at evening's close, Shine on thee in thy solitary walk; Up yonder hin—the village murmur rose; And let the misty mountain winds be free There, as I passed, with careless steps and slow, To blow against thee; and, in after years, The mingling notes, came softened-from below: When these wild ecstasies shall be matured The swain-responsive, as the milkmaid sung, Into a sober pleasure; when thy mind The sober herd, that lowed to meet their young;

Shall be a mansion for all lovely forms, The noisy geese, that gabbled o'er the pool, Thy memory be a dwelling-place The playful children, just let loose from school, (wind, | For all sweet sounds and harmonies, oh! then, The watch-dog's voice, that bay'd the whispering If solitude, or fear, or pain, or grief, And the loud laugh, that spoke the vacant mind; Should be thy portion, with what healing thoughts These all-in soft confusion-sought the shade, Of tender joy wilt thou remember me, And filled each pause, the nightingale had made. And these my benedictions.




508. THE PASSIONS. Plato calls the passions, | story of his loss, and when he had finished, the wings of the soul. According to this meta: “You are welcome,” said he,“ my son here phor, a bird inay be considered as the type of it; and, in applying this figure to the several charac will show you where it is; no hand has ters of men, some are eagles, others are bats and touched it, but the one that covered it, that owls; a few are swans, and many are geese; no pha- you might receive what you had lost.nir among them all. In another place, he styles the passions the chariot-horses of the soul; by Laconics. 1. Owe nothing - to your adwhich is implied, that though strong and fleet, theyvancement, save your own unassisted exertions, should be under command.

if you would retain what you acquire. 2. When

passion rules us, it deprives of reason, suspends Search, there; nay, probe me; search my wounded the faculty of reflection, blinds the judgment, and Pull,-draw it out,

(reins, precipitates us into acts of violence, or excesses ; Oh! I am shot! A forked burning arrow-

the consequences of which we may forever deplore. Sucos across my shoulders: the sad venom flies 3. With those who are of a gloomy turn of mind, Li'de ightning thro' my flesh, my blood, my marrow. be reserved ; with the old, be serious; and with Ha! what a change of torments I endure!

the young, be merry. 4. In forming matrimonial A bolt of ice-runs hissing-thro' my body: alliances, undue effort is made to reconcile everyTis sure--the arm of death; give me a chair; thing relating to fortune, and family; but very Cover me, for I freeze, my teeth chatter,

little is paid to congeniality of dispositions, or acAnd my knees knock together.

cordance of hearts. 5. Moral knowledge is to be Why turnest thou from me ? I'm alone sought from the Word of God; scientific knowlAlready, and to the seas complaining.

edge from the works of God. 6. By union—the What can thy imag'ry of sorrow mean?

most trifling beginnings thrive and increase; by Secluded from the world, and all its care,

disunion--the most flourishing-fall to the ground. Hast thou to grieve, or joy; to hope, or fear?

7. Is not the union of CAPITAL, TALENT and LAWhy should we anticipate our sorrows ?

BOR, the SALVATION of the WORLD, temporally and 'Tis like those, who die—for fear of death.

spiritually ?

Varieties. 1. Good neighborhoods sup509. CURIOSITY-opens the eyes and mouth, lengthens the neck, bends the body forward and ply all wants; which may be thus illustrafixes it in one posture, with the hands nearly as ted. Two neighbors, one-blind and the othin admiration with astonishment: when it speaks, the voice, tone and gesture are nearly as in inqui-er-lame, were called to a distant place; but which see ;

also Desire, Attention, Hope and how could they obey? The blind man carPerplexity.

ried the lame one, who directed the carrier CURIOSITY AT FIRST SEEING A FINE OBJECT. where to go. Is not this a good illustration, Pros. The fringed curtains of thine eye advance, of faith and charity? Charity-acts, and And say what thou seest yonder.

faith-guides ; i. e. the will-impels, and Mir. What! is't a spirit?

he understanding directs. 2. Superficial Lo, how it looks about! believe, sir,

writers, like the mole, often fancy themselves It carries a brave form. But 'tis a spirit.

deep, when they are exceeding near the Pros. No, wench, it eats and sleeps, and hath

surface. As we have, such.

(such senses Mir. I might call him

Trifles make the sum of human things, A thing divine, for nothing natural,

And half our misery from our foibles springs; I ever saw so noble.

Since life's best joys—consist in peace and ease, 510. DENYING--what is afirmed, is but an af- And few can save or serve, but all can please; firmation of the contrary, and is expressed like Oh! let the ungentle spirit learn from hence, affirmation, pushing the open right hand from one, A small unkindness—is a great offence. and turning the face another way. Denying a favor--see refusing, denying an accusation:

How beautiful is night! “ If I in act consent, or sin of thought,

A dewy freshness fills the silent air,

No mist obscures, nor cloud, nor speck, nor stai:, Be guilty--of stealing that sweet breath,

Breaks the serene of heaven:
Which was embounded in that beauteous clay,
Let hell--want pains enough to torture me!

In full-orbed glory yonder moon divine

Rolls through the dark blue depths. I left him well.

Beneath her steady ray, Anecdoto. The Os-ti-ack Boy. A Russian

The desert circle spreads, was traveling from Tobalsk to Reresow; and, Like the round ocean, girdled with the sky: on the road, stopped a night at the hut of an

How beautiful is night! Ostiack. In the morning, on continuing his

Who, at this untimely hour, journey, he found he had lost his purse. The

Wanders o'er the desert sands? Sun of the Ostiack, about fourteen, had found No station is in view, the purse; but, instead of taking it up, he Nor palm-grove islanded amid the waste. went and told his father ; who was equally The mother and her child; unwilling to touch it, and ordered the boy to The widowed mother and the fatherless boy, cover it with some bushes. On the Russian's They, at this untimely nour, return, he stopped at the same hut; the Os Wander o'er the desert sands. tiack did not recognize him. He related the Delay--leads to impotent and snail pac'd beggary

511. DISMISSING—with approbation, is done Varieties. 1. The most disgusting vices—are with a kind aspect and tone of voice; the right often concealed under the fairest exterior. 2. A hand open and palm upward, genily raised towards the person: with displeasure—besides the knowledge of the human heart, is, by no means, look and tone of voice that suit displeasure, the detrimental to the love of all mankind. 3. One hand is hastily thrown out towards the person dis- person cannot render another-indispensable; nor missed, the back part of the hand towards him, can one supply the place of another. 4. The least and the countenance, at the same time, turned. failing of an individual often incites a great outaway from him. Chatillon says to king John:

cry; his character is at once darkened, trampled Then take my king's defiance from my mouth,

on, destroyed; but treat that person in the right way,

and you will be astonished at what he was The farthest limit of my embassy. K.J. Bear mine to him, and so depart in peace : listen, can perform nothing, that deserves the name

able and willing to perform. 5. He who cannot Be thou as lightning-in the eyes of France;

of wisdom and justice. 6. He had respectable For, ere thou canst report, I will be there,

talents and connections; but was formidable to the The thunder of my cannon shall be heard ; So, hence! Be thou as the trumpet of our wrath,

people, from his want of principle, and his readiAnd sullen presage of your own decay.

ness to truckle to men in power. 7. Every vicious

act, weakens a right judgment, and defiles the life. An honorable conduct let him have; Pembroke, look to't: farewell, Cha-til-lon!

These, and a thousand mixed emotions more,

From ever changing views of good and ill, 512. DIFFERING—in sentiment,

Formed infinitely various, vex the mind may be expressed

With endless storms. nearly as Refusing, which see; and A

For my past crimes—my forfeit life receive: greeing in opinion,

No pity for my sufferings-here I crave, or being convinc

And only hope forgiveness—in the grave. ed, is expressed

For soon, the winter of the year, nearly as granting, which also see.

And age, life's winter, will appear; DISTRACTION-0

At this, thy living bloom-must fade, pens the eyes to a

As that—will strip the verdant shade. frightful wideness, rolls them hastily

True love's the gift, that God has given, and wildly from ob

To man alone, beneath the heaven; ject to object, dis

It is the secret sympathy, torts every feature;

The silver link, the silken tie, gnashes with the teeth; agitates all parts of the body; rolls in the dust; foams at the mouth; utters

Which, HEART TO HEART, and, MIND TO MIND, hideous bellowings -- execrations - blasphemies,

In BODY, and in SOUL can bind. and all that is fierce and outrageous; rushes furi Anecdote. Stan-is-laus, king of Poland, ously on all who approach, and, if restrained, tears its own flesh and destroys itself. See the was driven from his dominion by Charles XII. engraving, indicating dread, abhorrence, &c. of Sweden; he took refuge in Paris, where he Dotage, or infirm old age, shows itself by talka- was supported at the expense of the court of tiveness ; boasting of the past; hollowness of the cheeks; dimness of sight; deafness; tremor of France. Some person complained to the duke voice; the accents, through default of the teeth, of Orleans, (then regent,) of the great expense scarcely intelligible; knees tottering; hard wheez- of the exiled monarch, and wished that he ing; laborious groaning; the body stooping under should be desired to leave. The duke nobly the insupportable weight of years, which will soon crush it into the dust, whence it had its or- replied: “Sir, France has ever been, and I igin.

trust ever will be, the refuge of unfortunate What folly can be ranker? like our shadows, princes; and I shall not permit it to be vioOur wishes lengthen, as our sun declines. lated, when so excellent a prince as the king No wish should loiter, then, this side the grave. of Poland comes to claim it." Our hearts should leave the world, before the knell

The winds Calls for our carcasses to mend the soil.

And rolling waves, the sun's unwearied course, Enough to live in tempest; die in port.

The elements and seasons, all declareAge should fly concourse, cover in retreat,

For what-the eternal MAKER-has ordained iefects of judgment, and the will subdue;

The powers of man; we feel, within ourselves, Walk thoughtful on the silent, solemn shore

His energy divine. He tells the heart, Of that vast ocean it must sail so soon!

He meant, he made us—to behold, and love, Where should'st thou look for kindness?

What HE beholds and loves, the GENERAL orb When we are sick, where can we turn for succor; of life and being; to be great-like him, When we are wretched, where can we complain ; Beneficent, and active. Thus, the men, And when the world-looks cold and surly on us, Whom nature's works can charm, with God himself Where can we go-to meet a warmer eye,

Hold converse; grow familiar, day by day, With such sure confidence-as to a mother? With his conceptions; act upon his plan, The world may scowl, acquaintance may forsake, And form to his—the relish of their souls. Friends may neglect, and lovers know a change; An honest soul-is like a ship at sea, But, when a mother-doth forsake her child, That sleeps at anchor-upon the ocean's calma; Men lift their hands, and cry, “A prodigy!But, when it rages, and the wind blows highing Gluttons are never generous.

She cuts her way with skill and majesty.

513. EXHORTING, OR ENCOURAGING. is earnest Extremes. The sublime of nature is the persuasion, attended with confidence of success; sky, sun, moon, stars, &c. The profound of the voice has the softness of love, intermixed with nature, is, gold, pearls, precious stones, and the firmness of courage; the arms are sometimes the treasures of the deep, which are inestimaspread, with the hands open, as entreating; occa- ble as unknown. But all that lies between sionally the right hand is lifted up, and struck these, as corn, flowers, fruits, animals, and rapidly down, as enforcing what is said. In a things for the mere use of man, are of mean general, at the head his army, it requires a kind,

be greatly complacent look, unless matters of offence have price, and so common, as not

esteemed by the curious; it being certain, passed, as neglect of duty, &c.

that any thing of which we know the true use But wherefore do you droop? Why look you sad ? cannot be invaluable: which affords a soluBe great in act, as you have been in thought: tion, why common sense hath either been toLet not the world-see fear and sad distrust, tally despised, or held in small repute, by the Govern the motive of a kingly eye;

greatest modern critics and authors. Be stirring with the time ; be fire-with fire ; Varieties. 1. The arts are divided into the Threaten the threatener, outface the brow useful, and the polite, the fine, and the elegant ; Of bragging horror; so, shall inferior eyes, some are for use, and others for pleasure; ElocuThat borrow their behavior from the great, tion is of a mired nature, in which use and beauty Grow great by your example; and put on are of nearly co-equal influence; manner being The dauntless spirit of resolution ;

as important as matter, or more so. 2. Our govShow boldness, and aspiring confidence.

ernment, is a government of laws, not of men; What! shall they seek the lion in his den, but it will lose this character, if the laws furnish And fright him there, and make him tremble there ? no remedy for the violation of vested rights. 3. Oh, let it not be said! Forage, and run,

Nature has given us two eyes and two ears, and To meet displeasure farther from the doors, but one tongue; that we should see and hear more And grapple with him, ere he come so nigh. than we speak. 4. The weariness of study is re

514. FAINTING—produces a sudden relaxation moved by loving it, and valuing the results for of all that holds the human frame together-every their uses. 5. The three kingdoms of nature, sinew and ligament unstrung; the color flies from are the Mineral, the Vegetable, and the Animal: the vermillion cheek, the sparkling eye grows minerals are destitute of organization and life; dim; down the body drops, as helpless and senseless as a mass of clay, to which it seems hasten- vegetables, or plants, are endowed with organizaing to resolve itself.

tion and life, but are destitute of voluntary motion And lo! sad partner of the genial care,

and sense; while animals-possess them all. Weary and faint-I drive my goats afar. As some lone miser, visiting his store, [it o'er, Weariness

Bends o'er his treasures, and counts and recounts

Hoards after hoards—his rising raptures fill, Can snore upon the flint, when rusty sloth, Finds the downy pillow-hard.

Yet still-he sighs ; for hoards are wanting still: Anecdote. A poor priest came one day, Pleased with each bliss, th't Heaven to us supplies;

Thus, to my breast, alternate passions rise, to Louis XI. of France, when this monarch Yet oft a sigh prevails, and tears will fall, was at his devotions, in the church, and told to see the hoard of human bliss—so small. him, the bailiffs were about to arrest him for

The flighty purpose-is never undertook, a sum, he was unable to pay. The king or- Unless the deed go with it; from this moment, dered him the money; saying_“You have the firstlings of my heart, shall be chosen your time to address me very luckily. The firstlings of my head; and even now, [done. It is but just that I should show some com- To crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought and passion to the distressed,when I have been en- It is jealousy's peculiar nature, treating God to have compassion on myself.To swell small things to great ; nay, out of nought

ADDRESSED TO AN OFFICER IN THE ARMY. To conjure much ; and then to lose its reason, Oh, that the muse might call, without offence, Amid the hideous phantoms-it has found. The gallant soldier back to his good sense, If any here chance to behold himself, His temp'ral field so cautious not to lose; Let him not dare to challenge me of wrong; So careless quite of his eternal foes.

For, if he shame to have his follies known, Soldier! so tender of thy prince's fame,

First he should shame to act'em: my strict hand Why so profuse of a superior name?

Was made to seize on vice, and with a gripe, For the king's sake, the brunt of battles bear, Squeeze out the humor of such spongy souls, But for the King of king's sake-do not swear. As lick up every idle vanity.

How many bright [bigh! The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, And splendent lamps shine in heaven's temple When neither is attended; and, I think, Day hath his golden sun, her moon the night, The nightingale, if she should sing by day,

Her fix'd and wand'ring stars the azure sky; When every goose is cackling, would be thought So fram'd all by their Creator's might, [die. No better a musician than the wren.

That still they live and shine, and ne'er shall How many things by season, season'd are There is a lust in man-no power can tame,

To their right praise and true perfection! Of loudly publishing-his neighbor's shame; How yain all outward effort to supply On eugle's wings-immortal scandals fly,

The soul with joy! the noontide sun is dark, Whilst virtuous actions are but born-to die. And music-discord, when the heart is low.

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