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540. REPROVING - puts on a stern aspect; | victim; whose departure from them tacitly toughens the voice, and is accompanied with ges- calls in question the infallibility of their doctures, not differing much from that of threatening, trines, and thereby wounds their self-love, but not so lively; it is like reproach, (which see,) which makes them care more for their party, but without the sourness and ill-nature.
than for the progress of truth. What is the ILLUSTRATION. What right have you, to character, business, peace and happiness of the waste your time, which the state's; your supposed offender, to them, when bent on his health, which makes time worthful, and the of the true christian! Thus is seen the rot
destruction? Alas! how unlike the conduct life of goodness in you, which makes living tenness of profession, without principle.” all your acts? Answer mewhat right have
Dead Languages. That man must have a you to wrong yourself, and all the world?
strange value for words, when he can think it How comes it, Cassio, you are thus forgot; worth while to hazard the innocence and virtue of That you unlace your reputation thus,
his son for a little Greek and Latin; whilst he should And spend your rich opinion—for the name, be laying the solid foundations of knowledge in his Of a night brawler? Give me answer to it. mind, and furnishing it with just rules to direct his
future progress in life.-Locke. Yet, yet endure, nor murmur, O my soul ;
Anecdote. Dandies. As lady Montague For, are not thy transgressions great and number was walking through a public garden with a Do they not cover thee-like rising floods ?
party, she was very much annoyed by an
impertinent coxcomb, who was continually And press thee-like a weight of waters down?
making some foolish observation. On apDoes not the hand of righteousness-afflict thee?
proaching one of the temples, over which And who-shall plead against it? who shall say– there was a Latin inscription, she took adTo Power Almighty, thou hast done enough; vantage of it, to expose his ignorance, in the Or bid his dreadful rod of vengeance stay? hope of putting him to silence. “Pray sir," Wait then, with patience, till the circling hours
said she, * be kind enough to explain that in: Shall bring the time of thy appointed rest,
scription to us.” “Madam," said he, with an
affected air," I really do not know what it And lay thee down-in death.
means, for I see it is dog Latin."
“ How Duties of Society. Every right pro- very extraordinary it is," said lady Mary, duces a corresponding duty: hence, may be “that puppies should not understand their inferred the positive duty of society, to give own language." every individual, born in its bosom, an adequate education. For if society has a right to the lunatic, the lover, and the poet, the services of every one of its members, Are, of imagination, all compact: this right necessarily involves some duties ; and what can that duty more directly be, than One-sees more devils, than vast hell can hold; that society should give to all its children, That-is the madman: the lover, all as frantic, such an education, as will fit them for the Sees Helen's beauty--in a brow of Egypt: services it intends to exact from them in after The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling, [heaven; life? And if parents are unable to give their Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to children such an education, it is the duty of And, as imagination bodies forth society to assist them; and if they are un: The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen willing, society ought to take the puce of parents, and perform the duty of the parents. Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing, No one can violate the laws of Gol, nor the A local habitation, and a name. government of the world, with impunity ; Such tricks hath strong imagination ; and the more sacred the trust, the more tër. That, if it would but apprehend some joy, rible will be the effects of a disregard of them. It comprehends some bringer of that joy ; Each substance of a grief-hath twenty shadows, Or, in the night. imagining some fear, Which show like grief itself, but are not so: How easy is a bush-supposed a bear ? For sorrow's eye, glazed with blinding tears, An honest soul-is like a ship at sea, Divides one thing entire-to many objects; That sleeps at anchor–upon the occasion's calm; Like perspectives, which, rightly gazed upon, But, when it rages, and the wind blows high, Show nothing but confusion ; eyed awry,
She cuts her way-with skill and majesty. Distinguish form.
Varieties. 1. What is the difference beToo Common. Envy, hatred, malice, tween acute and chronic disease? 2. It is and uncharitableness. How melancholy and folly for an eminent man to think of escapheart-rending-to reflect upon the vast num- ing censure, and a weakness to be affected by ber of professing christians of all orders, who it. 3. If we had it in our power to gratify show, by their deeds, that they are under the every wish, we should soon feel a surfeit. 4. influence of these infernal passions ; althoWhen anything below God-is the supreme in their sabbath devotions, they may pray object of our love, at some time or other, it against them with their lips, and entreat their will be an object of sorrow. 5. Truth-is its Maker to enable them to keep the law which own witness, and fears not a free and imparsays, “ Thou shalt not bear false witness tial examination; it seeks to be seen in its against thy neighbor." Let a man of one own resplendent brightness. 6. By confese branch of the church, leave it, even from the sing our faults to others, we contribute very best of motives, and join another, which hap- much towards putting them away, and conpens to differ from it in religious belief, and firming ourselves against them. 7. Which how soon the air is rent with the political cry, is worse to worship the works of our own “ Shoot the deserter." Nothing seems too bad hands, or the creations of our own imagina for the disaffected to say about their marked tions?
Anecdote. To a man of exalted mind, is negligent an
the forgiveness of injuries, is productive of ger: it insinuates
more pleasure and satisfaction, than obtaintherefore, by a
ing vengeance. The Roman emperor, Adrivoluntary slack
an, who was skilled in all the accomplishness, or disarm
ments of body and mind, one day seeing a ing of the nerves,
person, who had injured him, in his former a known, or con
station, thus addressed him, “You are safe cluded essence
now; I am emperor.” of all power in the united ob
Braying. There are braying men in the ject, even
world as well as braying asses ; for, what's make the de
loud and senseless talking, huffing, and fence seem necessary: and the unbraced muscles swearing, any other then a more fashionable are assisted in this show of contemptuous disregard, way of braying? by an affected smile upon the eye, because slack serves, if at the same time the looks were also lan
Varieties. 1. Idlers - should leave the guid, would too much resemble sorrow, or even industrious to their labor, and visit only those fear; whereas, the purpose is disdain and insult: who are as idle as themselves. 2. There are and tho' in more provoking serious cases, where some minds, which, like the buzzard's eye, scorn admits disturbance, it assumes some sense can pass heedlessly over the beauties of naof anger, it must still retain the slack unguarded ture, and see nothing but the carcase, rotting languor of the nerves, lest it should seem to have in the corner. 3. He, is well constituted, who conceived impressions of some estimable and im- grieves not for what he has not, and rejoices portant weightiness, where its design is utter dis- for that he has. 4. True ease in writing, regard and negligence.
speaking and singing, comes from art, not Age, thou art shamed; chance. 6. When once a man falls, all will Rome, thou hast lost the breed of noble bloods; tread on him. 7. The action should always When went there by an age, since the sun shone, keep time with the emphasis and the voice: But it was fained with more than one man ?
it should be the result of feeling, not of When could they say, till now, who talked of Rome,
thought. That her wide walls-encompassed but one man!
His words were fire, both light and heat! At once
With zeal they warmed us and convinc'd with rea542. LANGUAGE OF FEELING. There is I had read and heard of eloquence before, (son. an original element in our natures, a connec-How It is despotic-takes the heart by storm, tion between the senses, the mind and the heart, implanted by the Creator, for pure and Where'er the ramparts, prejudice, or use, noble purposes, which cannot be reasoned Environ it withal; how, 'fore its march, away. You cannot argue men out of their Stony resolves have given way like flax; senses and feelings; and, after having wea- it can raise, or lay, the mighty surge ried yourself and others, by talking about of popular commotion, as the wind, books and history, set your foot upon the The wave that frets the sea—but, till to-day, spot, where some great and memorable exploit was achieved, especially, with those
I never proved its power. When he began, whom you claim kindred, and your heart A thousand hearers pricked their ears to list, swells within you. You do not now reason; With each a different heart; when he left off, you feel the inspiration of the place. Your Each man could tell his neighbor's by his own. cold philosophy vanishes, and you are ready Rageis the shortest passion of our souls. to put off your shnes from your feet; for the Like narrow brooks, that rise with sudden show'rs, place whereon you stand is holy. A languagę which letters cannot shape, which It swells in haste, and falls again as soon. sounds cannot convey, speaks, not to the Still, as it ebbs, the softer thoughts flow in, head, but to the heart, not to the understand and the deceiver-love-supplies its place. ing, but to the affections.
VIRTUE THE BEST TREASURE.
Virtue, the strength and beauty of the soul,
Is the best gift of Heav'n: a happiness Nature's true knowledge is the only art,
That, even above the smiles and frowns of fate, The strong-felt passion bolts into his face; Exalts great nature's favorites : a wealth The mind untouch'd, what is it but grimace! That ne'er encumbers ; nor to baser hands To this one standard, make your just appeal, Can be transferr'd. It is the only goodHere lies the golden secret, learn to feel :
Nan justly boasts of, or can call his own. Or fool, or monarch, happy or distress'd,
Riches-are oft by guilt and baseness earn'd. No actor pleases that is not possessid.
But for one end, one much-neglected use,
This noble end is—to produce the soul:
I stand-as one upon a rock, They are my constant friends;
Environ'd--with a wilderness of sea ; Who, when harsh fate its dull brow bends, Who marks the waxing tide-grow wave by wave, Uncloud me with a smiling ray,
Expecting ever, when some envous surge And, in the depth of midnight, force a day. Will, in his brinish bowels, swaliw him.
543. SHAME-or a sense of appearing to a dis- Modesty in a man is never to be allowed as advantage, before one's fellow-creatures, turns a good quality, but a weakness, if it suppresses his away the face from the beholders, covers it with virtue, and hides it from the world, when he has, blushes, hangs the head, casts down the eyes, draws down and contracts the eye-brows; either at the same time, a mind to excert himself. A modstrikes the person dumb, or, if he attempts to say est person seldom fails to gain the good-will of anything, in his own defence, causes his tongue to those he converses with, because nobody envies a falier, confounds his utterance, and puts him upon man, who does not appear to be pleased with making a thousand gestures and grimaces, to keep himseli in countenance: all which only heightens
himself. his confusion and embarrassment.
Miscellaneous. 1. It is a striking feature Oh my dread Lord
in the present day, that men are more and I should be guiltier than my guiltiness,
more inclined to bring old sayings and doings To think I can live undiscernible,
to the test of questions, as these--what do
they mean? and what for? and consequentWhen I perceive your grace, like power divine,
ly, are beginning to awake froin a long menHath looked upon my passes ; then, good prince, tal sleep, and to assert their right to judge and No longer session-hold upon my shame,
act for themselves. 2. Great hinderance to But let my trial-be my own confession;
good is often found in the want of energy in Immediate sentence then, and sequent death,
the character, arising from an individual not Is all the grace I beg.
having accustomed himself to try and do his
best, on all occasions. 3. Whoever would Hard Questions. In every step, which become a person of intelligence and prud. reason takes in demonstrative knowledge, ence, in any of the departments of life, must must there be intuitive certainty? Does the early accustom himself and herself to look power of intuition, imply that of reasoning, for the meaning of his own and others' say, when combined with the faculty of memory? ings; and consider well the end and object of In examining those processes of thought, his own, and others' doings. which conduct the mind, by a series of con. For often vice-provok'd to shamesequences, from premises to a conclusion, is there any intellectual act whatever, which Borrows the color of a virtuous deed : the joint operation of memory, and what is Thus, libertines-are chaste, and misers-good, called intuition, does not sufficiently ex- A coward—raliant. plain? What is the distinction between the That holy Shame, which ne'er forgets elements of reasoning, and the principles of What clear renown-it used to wear;
reasoning? If the elements of reasoning are
To show her sunshine has been there. be made without the elements of reasoning;
A flush, (cheek, does it follow, that the elements of reasoning (As shame, deep shame, had once burnt on her imply the principles of reasoning? If, in Then lingerid there forever) look'd like health every step which reason takes in demonstra- Offering hope, vain hope, to the pale lip; tive knowledge, there must be intuitive cer- like the rich crimson—of the evening sky, tainty, does this necessarily imply anything more, than that, without the intuitive power, Brightest—when night is coming. we could not know when one link in the Wise men-ne'er sit and wail their loss, chain was completed ?
But cheerly seek how to redress their harms, 544. SURPRISE AT UNEXPECTED EVENTS. What tho' the mast—be now blown over-board, Gone 10 be married; gone to swear a peace ! The cable broke, the holding anchor lost, False blood to false blood joined! Gone to be friends! And half our sailors swallow'd in the pooul? Shall Lewis have Blanch? and Blanch these pro- Yet lives our pilot still : Is 't meet, that he It is not so: thou hast mis-spoke, mis-heard? (vinces? | Should leave the helm, and, like a fearful lad, Be well advised, tell o'er thy tale again:
With tearful eyes, add water to the sea, It cannot be ! thou dost but say 'tis so;
And give more strength to that which hath too much; What dost thou mean by shaking of thy head? Whiles, in his moan, the ship splits on the rock, What means that hand-upon that breast of thine? Which industry-and courage-might have sav'd? Why holds thine eye-that lamentable rheum, Varieties. 1. It is wrong to affront anyLike a proud river-peering o'er his bounds ? body; and he who does it, must expect to be Be these sad sighs-confirmers of thy words?
paid in his own coin. 2. Many persons, in Then speak again; not all thy former tale,
easy circumstances, often ruin themselves, But this one word—whether thy tale be true?
by attempting to vie with the rich. 3. Do not the works of God, as well
as his Word-teach Anecdote. To Cure Sore Eyes. “Good- lessons of wisdom? 4. Everything tends to morning, landlord,” said a man the other produce its likeness; the idle make their asday, as he stepp d into a tavern to get some, sociates idle; the libertine-corrupts the inthing to drink. Good-morning, sir," replied nocent; the quarrelsome - create broils ; mine host; “how do you do?". "Oh, I don't gamesters-make gamesters, and thieves, know," said the man, raising his goggles, and thieves. 5. Are thinking and motion-all wiping away the rheum; “I'm plagued most the actions of which we can conceive ? thinkto death with these ere pesky sore eyes. . Iing-being an act of the mind, as motion is wish you'd tell me how to cure 'em.” “Wil- of matter? 6. Which invention is more imlingly,” said the merry host. “Wear your portant, that of the mariner's compass, or the goggles over your mouth, wash your eyes in art of printing? 7. When we truly love brandy, and I'll warrant a cure."
God, we shall also love one another. Vice-oft is hid in virtue's fair disguise,
The real patriot-bears his private wrongs, And, in her honord formescapes inquiring eyes. Rather than right them-at thc public cost
545. SUSPICION: JEALOUSY. Fear of another's | No, my dear, you must not sit ; for I intend endeavoring to prevent our attainment of the de. to make you stand, this evening, as long as sired good, raises our SUSPICION; and suspicion of you made lady B- -remain in the same his having obtained, or likely to obtain it, raises, position. or constitutes JEALOUSY. Jealousy between the sexes—is a ferment of love, hatred, hope, fear,
Laconic. There is no difference between shame, anxiety grief, pity, suspicion, envy, pride, Inowledge and temperance; for he, who knows rage, cruelty, vengeance, sadness, and every oth- what is good, and embraces it, who knows what er tormenting passion, which can agitate the human mind. Therefore, to express it well,
is bad, and avoids it, is learned and temperate. But one should know how to represent all these pas- they, who know very well what ought to be done, sions by turns, and often several of them together : and yet do quite otherwise, are ignorant and stupid. it shows itself by restlessness, peevishness, thought
Varieties. 1. What is the difference befulness, anxiety, and absence of mind. Sometimes it bursts out into piteous complaints and tween possessing the good things of life, and weeping: then a gleam of hope, that all is yet enjoying them? 2. În our intercourse with well, lights
up the countenance into a momenta- others, we should ascertain what they wish ry smile: immediately the face, clouded with gen- to hear ; not what we wish to say. 3. True eral gloom, shows the mind over-cast again with politeness may be cherished in the hovel, as horrid suspicions, and frightful imaginations ; thus well as in the palace; and the most tattered the jealous—is a prey to the most tormenting feel clothing, cannot conceal its charms. 4. Is ings, and is alternately tantalized with hope, and not true religion-eternally the same, whatplunged into despair.
ever may be the conduct of its professors? Who finds the heifer dead, and bleeding fresh,
5. Humility-learns the lessons from itself ;
while it never scornis the instructions of othAnd sees fast by a butcher with an axe, But will suspect, 'twas he that made the slaughter? liness — loses much, by gaudy attire.
ers. 6. Beauty-gains nothing, and home
7. Who finds the partridge in the puttock's nest, Music-tends to harmonize and melodize But may imagine how the bird was dead, the affections and thoughts, as well as to anAlthough the kite soar with unbloodied beak ? imate, and lubricate the inventive faculties.
8. Everything that originates in order, is 546. HANDS, FEET AND ARMS. Observe accurately, the different positions of the feet, | inherent light. 9. The groves and the woods
truth, which manifests itself by virtue of its hands, arms, &c. of the oratorical and poet- are the musical academies of the singing ical engravings, and that of the passions; birds. 10. Time and space are confined to and study out the various causes, or subjects,
matter. and states of thoughts and feelings, prompting them; and, in imitating them, there As Nature and Garrick were talking one day, will often be suggested to you the appropri- It chanced they had words, and fell out; ate feeling and thought. Each engraving Dame Reason would fain have prevented a fray, should be made a particular subject of study; But could not, for both were so stout. and there is more matter on a page of en- Says Garrick, I honor you, madam, 'tis true, gravings, than on any printed page; but, in
And with pride, to your laws, I submit; speaking, never think about making gestures; let them be the result of unrestrained feel" But Shakspeare paints stronger and better than you, ing, and they will be more likely to be right:
All critics of taste will admit. guard, sedulously against all affectation, and How! Shakspeare paint better and stronger than 1, do nothing you do not feel and think. If (Cries Nature, quite touch'd to the soul;) these hints and suggestions are not of use to Not a word in his volumes I ever could see, you, more would be of but little service; and
But what from my records he stole. to illustrate every one, and many more, you And thou, wicked thief,—nay, the story I'll tell, will find an abundance of examples in the work; which is designed for those who
Whenever I paint, or I draw, think.
My pencils you filch, and my colors you steal,
For which thou shalt suffer the law; Would he were fatter ; but I fear him not:
And when on the stage, in full lustre you shine, Yes, if my name were liable to fear,
To me all the praise shall be given: I do not know the man, I should avoid
The toil shall be yours, and the honor be mine, So soon as this spare Cassius. He reads much;
So Nature and Garrick are even.
Foul jealousy, that turnest love divine
To joyless dread, and mak'st the loving heart Seldom he smiles; and smiles in such a sort,
With hateful thoughts to languish and to pine, As if he mocked himself, and scorned his spirit,
And feed itself with self-consuming smart, That could be moved to smile at anything.
Of all the passions in the mind, thou vilest art. Such men as he, be never at heart's ease,
0, let him far be banished away, Whilst they behold a greater than themselves,
And in his stead let love forever dwell; And therefore, are they very dangerous.
Sweet love, that doth his golden wings embay Anecdote. Queen Caroline, having ob
In blessed nectar, and pure pleasure's well, served that her daughter, the princess, had
Untroubled of vile fear or bitter fell. made one of the ladies about her, stand a
The soul of manlong time, while the princess was talking to Createth its own destiny of power; her, on some trifling subject, was resolved to
And, as the trial,- is intense here, give her a suitable reprimand. Therefore, when the princess came, in the evening, to
His being-hath a nobler strength in heaven. read to her mother, as usual, and was draw- O marriage! marriage! what a curse—is thine, ing a chair to sit down, the queen said to her, Where hands, alone, consent and hearts-abhor
847. TEACHING, INSTRUCTING, EXPLAINING, Laconics. 1. It is very easy, when a child INCULCATING, OR GIVING ORDERS, requires a mild, asks a silly question; to show that it is so; and, if serene air, sometimes approaching to an authori- the question cannot be answered, it is better to tative gravity; the features and gestures altering according to the age, or dignity of the pupil, or au
say so at once; for a child has too much common dience, and importance of the subject discussed. perception to expect that his parent knows ev'ry To youth, it should be mild, open, serene, and con- thing; but to refuse to answer, without giving a descending. To equals and superiore, modest and diffident; but, when the subject of great dignity
reason, impresses the child, that his parent is unand importance, the air and manner of conveying kind and unreasonable. 2. The very sight of a the instruction, ought to be firm and emphatical; child ought to inspire a parent, or teacher, with the eye steady and open, the eyebrow a little the thought, “What can I say to be useful to him? drawn over it, but not so much as to look dogmat- or what can I say to please him ?” 3. The habit ical; the voice strong, steady, clear; the articulation distinct; the utterance slow, and the manner of talking familiarly and usefully to his children, approaching to confidence, rather peremptory.
to each according to his capacity, is an invaluable Pol. Wherefore, gentle maiden,
quality in a parent, and its exercise will be deDo you neglect your gilly-flowers and carnations? lightful to both: 4. Let it be a rule with us, in all Per. I have heard it said,
cases, never to charge want of charity, except where we can,
from a want of justice. There is an art, which, in their piedness, shares With great creating nature.
Anecdote. Sir Isaac Newton-possessed Pol. Say there be;
a remarkably mild and even temper. On a Yet nature is made better by no mean,
particular occasion, he was called out of his
study, to an adjoining apartment, when his But nature makes that mean; so, over that art,
favorite little dog, named Diamond, threw Which you say adds to nature, is an art
down a lighted lamp among his papers, and Which nature makes; you see, sweet maid, we the almost finished labors of many years, were A gentler scion to the wildest stock; [marry consumed in a few moments. Sir Isaac soon And make conceive a bark of baser kind
returned, and beheld, with great mortification, By bud of nobler race. This is an art
his irreparable loss; but he only exclaimed, Which does mend nature, change it rather; but
with his usual self-possession, "O Diamond,
Diamond! thou liftle knowest the mischief The art itself is nature.
thou hast done." 548. LANGUAGE OF THE FEET. The feet
You undergo too strict a parados, advance or retreat, to express desire or aver
Striving to make an ugly deed look fair : sion, love or hatred, courage or fear, dancing
Your words have took such pains, as if they labord: or leaping, --is often the effect of joy and ex
To bring manslaughter into form, set quarreling ultation; stamping of the feet expresses
Upon the head of valor; which, indeed, earnestness, anger or threatening. Stability
Is valor misbegot, and came into the world of position and facility of change, general ease
When sects and factions were newly born: and grace of action, depend on the right use
He's truly valiant, that can wisely suffer of the feet ; see the whole length engravings, The worst, that man can breathe; and make his wronga a large part of which is to be imitated, not His outsides ; wear them, like his raiment, carelessly; with any specifie recitations in view, but for And ne'er prefer his injuries to his heart, the purpose of disciplining the limbs and To bring it into danger. muscles.
If wrongs be evils, and enforced, us Airl, What folly 'tis, to hazard life for ill? Varieties., 1. Is toleration a duty for others, and not for ourselves? 2. One blessing of life, my dear friend, is to give. 3. It is no proof of freedom from error, that we are acute in distinguishing the errors of others; this shows that all reformers, are men of like passions with ourselves. 4. National industry is the principal thing, that can make a nation: great ; it is the restal fire, which we must keep alive, and consider that all our prosperity is coupled with its existence.. 5. If we are fit for heaven, are we not fit for earth? 6. It is better to live contentedly in our condition,
than to affect to look bigger than we are, by a PITIABLE.
borrowed appearance. 7. Give your children The bay-trees, in our country, are all wither'd,
education rather than fine clothes, or rich food.
8. Love-never reckons, the mother does not And meteors—fright the fixed stars of heaven;
run up a milk score against her babe. The pale-faced moon-looks bloody on the earth, And lean-look'd prophets-whisper fearful change;
Though I look old, yet I am strong and lusty;. Rich men look sad, and ruffians dance and leap,
For, in my youth, I never did apply The one, in fear to lose what they enjoy,
Hot and rebellious liquors in my blood; The other, to enjoy-by rage and war.
Nor did not, with unbashful forehead, woo Go to your bosom;
The means of weakness and debility; Knock there; and ask your heart what it doth know
Therefore, my age-is as a lusty winter, That's like my brother's fault: if it confess
Frosty, but kindly. A natural guiltiness, such as his is,
Give me that man Let it not sound a thought upon your tongue That is not passion's slave, and I will wear him Against my brother.
In my heart's core, ay, my heart of heart.