Sidor som bilder

725. EMMET'S VINDICATION-IN FULL. I have, also, understood that judges, sometimes, think it their duty My Lords-What have I to say, why sentence of death should to hear, with patience, and to speak with humanity; to ehxort not be be pronounced on me, according to law ? I have nothing the victim of the laws, and to offer, with tender benignity, his to say, that can alter your predetermination, nor that it will be opinions of the motives, by which he was actuated in the crime, of come me to say, with any view to the mitigation of that sentence,

which he had been adjudged guilty; that a judge has thought it which you are here to pronounce, and I must abide by. But I have

his duty so to have done, I have no doubt-but where is the boastthat to say, which interests me more than life, and which you have ed freedom of your institutions, where is the vaunted impartiality, labored, (as was necessarily your office in the present circumstan- clemency, and mildness of your courts of justice? if an unfortunate ces of this oppressed country,) to destroy. I have much to say, prisoner, whom your policy, and not pure justice, is about to deliv. why my reputation should be rescued from the load of false ac- er into the hands of the executioner, is not suffered to explain his cusation and calumny, which has been heaped upon it. I do not motives, sincerely and truly, and to vindicate the principles, by imagine that, seated where you are, your minds can be so free from

which he was actuated. impurity, as to receive the least impression-from what I am going

My lords, it may be a part of the system of angry justice, to bow to utter-I have no hopes, that I can anchor my character-in the

a man's mind by humiliation--to the purposed iguominy of the breast of a court, constituted and trammeled as this is I only wish, scaffold ; but worse to me than the purposed shame, or the scafe and it is the utmost I expect, that your lordships-may suffer it to fold's terrors, would be the shame of such foul and unfounded imfloat down your memories, untainted by the foul breath of preju- putations-as have been laid against me in this court : you, my dice, until it finds some more hospitable harbor--to shelter it from lord, are a judge, I am the supposed culprit; I am a man, you are the storm, by which it is at present buffeted. Was I only to suffer

a man, also; by a revolution of power, we might change places, death, after being adjudged guilty by your tribunal- I should bow though we never could change characters; if I stand at the bar of in silence, and meet the fate that awaits me, without a murmur

this court, and dare not vindicate my character, what a farce is but the sentence of the law, which delivers my body to the execu- your justice? If I stand at this bar and dare not vindicate my tioner, will, through the ministry of that law, labor, in its own character, how dare you calumniate it? Does the sentence of vindication, to consign my character to obloquy—for there must be death, which your unhallowed policy inflicts upon my body, also guilt somewhere: whether in the sentence of the court, or in the

condemn my tongue to silence, and my reputation to reproach? catastrophy, posterity must determine. A man, in my situation, Your executioner may abridge the period of my existence, but my lorus, has not only to encounter the difficulties of fortune, and

while I exist, I shall not forbear to vindicate my character, and the force of power over minds, which it has corrupted, or subju- motives—from your aspersions ; and, as a man to whom fame is gated, but, the difficulties of established prejudice.- The man dies, dearer than life, I will make the last use of that life, in doing jus. but his memory lives : that mine may not perish, that it may live, tice to that reputation, which is to live after me, and which is the in the respect of my countrymen, I seize upon this opportunity—to only legacy I can leave to those I honor and love, and for whom I vindicate myself from some of the charges alleged against me. am proud to perish. As men, my lord, we must appear on the When my spirit shall be wafted to a more friendly port; when my great day, at one common tribual, and it will then remain—for the shade shall have joined the bands of those martyred heroes, who searcher of all hearts-to show a collective universe, who was have shed their blood on the scaffold, and in the field, in defence engaged in the most virtuous actions, or actuated by the purest mo. of their country, and of virtue, this is my hope ; I wish that my tives—my country's oppressors ormemory and name-may animate those, who survive me, while I [Here, he was interrupted, and told to listen to the sentence of Book down, with complacency, on the destruction of that perfidi- the law.] ous government, which upholds its domination by blasphemy of My lord, will a dying man be denied the legal privilege of exculthe Most Highwhich displays its power over man, as over the pating himself, in the eyes of the community, of an undeserved beasts the forest-which sets man upon his brother, and lifts his reproach, thrown upon him during his trial, by charging him with hand, in the name of God, against the throat of his fellow, who ambition, and attempting to cast away, for a paltry consideration, believes, or doubts, a little more, or a little less, than the govern- the liberties of his country? Why did your lordship insult me? or ment standard—a government, which is steeled to barbarity by the rather why insult justice, in demanding of me, why sentence of cries of the orphans, and the tears of the widows which it has death should not be pronounced ? I know, my lord, that form premade.

scribes that you should ask the question; the form also presumes (Here, Lord Norbury interrupted Mr. Emmet, saying, that the a right of answering. This, no doubt, may be dispensed withmean and wicked enthusiasts who felt as he did, were not equal and so might the whole ceremony of the trial, since sentence was to the accomplishment of their wild designs.

pronounced at the castle, before your jury was empanelled; your -I appeal to the immaculate God- I swear by the throne lordships are but the priests of the oracle, and I submit; but I insist of Heaven, before which I must shortly appear-by the blood of

on the whole of the forms. the murdered patriots, who have gone before me—that my conduct

(Here the court desired him to proceed.] has been, through all this peril, and all my purposes, governed on

I am charged with being an emissary of France ! An emissary ly, by the convictions which I have uttered, and by no other view, of France! And for what end? It is alleged that I wished to sell than that of their cure, and the emancipation of my country-from the independence of my country! And for what end? Was this the superinhuman oppression, under which she has so long, and too

the object of my ambition! And is this the mode by which a tripatiently travailed ; and that I confidently and assuredly hope, that, bunal of justice reconciles contradictions? No, I am no emissary; wild and chimerical as it may appear, there is still union and

and my ambition was to hold a place among the deliverers of my strength in Ireland to accomplish this noblest enterprise. Of this, country; not in power, nor in profit, but in the glory of the achieve. I speak with the confidence of intimate knowledge, and with the ment! Sell my country's independence to France! And for what? consolation that appertains to that confidence. Think not, my Was it for a change of masters ? No! But for ambition ! O, my lord, I say this for the petty gratification of giving you a transitory country, was it personal ambition that could influence me! Had it uneasiness ; a man, who never yet raised his voice to assert a lie, been the soul of my actions, could I not, by my education and fortune, will not hazard his character with posterity, by asserting a falsehood by the rank and consideration of my family, have placed myself on a subject, so important to his country, and on an occasion like among the proudest of my oppressors ? My country was my idol; this. Yes, my lords, a man who does not wish to have his epitaph to it I sacrificed every selfish, every endearing sentiment; and for written, until his country is liberated, will not leave a weapon in it, I now offer up my life. O God! No, my lord ; I acted as an the power of envy; nor a pretence to impeach the probity, which Irishman, determined on delivering my country-from the yoke he means to preserve, even in the grave-to which tyranny con- of a foreign, and unrelenting tyranny, and from the more galling

yoke of a domestic faction, which is its joint partner and perpe[Here, he was again interrupted, by the court.] trator, in the parricide, for the ignominy of existing with an exte. Again, I say, that what I have spoken, was not intended for your rior of splendor, and of conscious depravity. It was the wish of lordship, whose situation I commiserate-rather than envy-my my heart to extricate my country, from this doubly riveted despnt. expressions were for my countrymen: if there is a true Irish ism. man present, let my last words cheer him in the hour of his affilic- I wished to place her independence beyond the reach of any pow. tion

er on earth; I wished to exalt you to that proud station in the world. (Here, he was again interrupted. Lord Norbury said he did Connection with France was indeed intended, but only as far as not sit there to hear treason.)

mutual interest would sanction, or require. Were they to assume I bave always understood it to be the duty of a judge, when a any authority, inconsistent with the purest independence, it would prisoner has been convicted, to pronounce the sentence of the law; ] be the signal for their destruction ; we sought aid, and we sought it

signs him.

as we had assurances we should obtain it; as auxiliaries, in warm have, even for a moment, deviated from those principles of mo and allies, in peace.

rality and patriotism, which it was your care to instill into my Were the French to come as invaders, or enemies, uninvited youthful mind; and for which I am now to offer up my life. by the wishes of the people, I should oppose them to the utmost of

My lords, you are impatient for the sacrifice the blood, which my strength. Yes, my countrymen, I should advise you to meet you seek, is not congealed by the artificial terrors which surround them on the beach, with a sword in one hand, and a torch in the your victim; it circulates warmly and unruffled, through the chan other; I would meet them with all the destructive fury of war; nels, which God created for noble purposes, but which you are bent and I would animate my countrymen to immolate them in their to destroy, for purposes so grievous, that they cry to heaven. boats, before they had contaminated the soil of my country. If they Be yet patient! I have but a few words more to say.-I am going succeeded in landing, and if forced to retire before superior disci- to my cold and silent grave: my lamp of life-is nearly extinpline, I would dispute every inch of ground, burn every blade of guished; my race is run: the grave opens to receive me, and I grass, and the last intrenchment of liberty should be my grave. sink into its bosom! I have but one request to ask at my departure What I could not do myself, if I should fall, I should leave as a from this world,-- it is the charity of its silence !--- Let no man write last charge to my countrymen to accomplish; because I should

my epitaph: for, as no man, who knows my motives, dare nouo feel conscious that life, any more than death, is unprofitable, when vindicate them, let not prejudice or ignorance asperse them. Let a foreign nation holds my country in subjection.

them, and me, repose in obscurity, and peace, and my tomb remain But it was not as an enemy—that the succors of France were to uninscribed, until other times, and other men, can do justice to my land: I looked indeed for the assistance of France; but I wished to character: when my country takes her place among the nations of prove to France, and to the world, that Irishmen--deserve to be as.

the earth, then--and not till then-let my epitaph be written.-I sisted! That they were indignant at slavery, and ready to assert have done. the independence and liberty of their country.

726. LUCY. I wished to procure for my country the guarantee, which Wash

Three years she grew,


sun, and shower, ington procured for America. To procure an aid, which, by its example, would be as important as its valor; disciplined, gallant,

Then, Nature said, “a lovelier flower, pregnant with science and experience; who would perceive the

On earth, was never sown; good, and polish the rough points of our character; they would This child I, to myself, will take; come to us as strangers, and leave us as friends, after sharing in our She shall be mine, and I will makeperils, and elevating our destiny. These were my objects, not to

A lady of my own. receive new task-masters, but to expel old tyrants; these were my views, and these only became Irishmen. It was for these ends I Myself will, to my darling, be sought aid from France, because France, even as an enemy, could Both law, and impulse: and with me, not be more implacable than the enemy already in the bosom of my The girl, on rock and plain, country. (Here he was interrupted by the court.)

In earth, and heaven, in glade, and bower, I have been charged-with that importance in the efforts—to

Shall feel an overseeing power, emancipate my country, as to be considered the key-stone of the 'To kindle, and restrain. combination of Irishmen, or, as your lordship expressed it," the

She shall be sportive, as the fawn, life and blood of conspiracy." You do me honor over-much: You have given to the subaltern-all the credit of a superior. There

That, wild with glee, across the lawn, are men engaged in this conspiracy, who are not only superior to Or up the mountain, springs; me, but even to your own conceptions of yourself, my lord ; men, And hers, shall be the breathing balm, before the splendor of whose genius and virtues, I should bow with

And hers, the silence, and the calmrespectful deference, and who would think themselves dishonored to be called-your friend—who would not disgrace themselves by

Of mute, insensate things. shaking your blood-stained hand

The floating clouds—their state shall lend [Here he was interrupted.]

To her; for her-the willow bend; What, my lord, shall you tell me, on the passage to that scaffold,

Nor, shall she fail to see, which that tyranny, of which you are only the intermediary execu

Even in the motions of the storm, tioner, has erected for my murder,—that I am accountable for all the blood that has, and will be shed, in this struggle of the oppres

Grace, that shall mould the maiden's form, sed-against the oppressor ?-shall you tell me this—and must I be By silent sympathy. 80 very a slave-as not to repel it?

The stars of midnight--shall be dear I do not fear to approach the omnipotent Judge, to answer for the conduct of my whole life; and am I to be appalled and falsified

To her; and she shall lean her ear, by a mere remnant of mortality here? by you too, who, if it were

In many a secret place, possible to collect all the innocent blood that you have shed in your Where rivulets dance their wayward round; unhallowed ministry, in one great reservoir, your lordship might And beauty, born of uring sound, swim in it.

Shall pass into her face. [Here the judge interfered.] Let no man dare, when I am dead, to charge me with dishonor!

And vital feelings of delightlet no man attaint my memory, by believing that I could have en- Shall rear her form—to stately height, gaged in any cause but that of my country's liberty and indepen- Her virgin bosom swell; dence; or, that I could have become the pliant minion of power,

Such thoughts, to Lucy, I will give, in the oppression, or the miseries, of my countrymen. The proclamation of the provisional government speaks for our views; no

While she, and I, together live, inference can be tortured from it, to countenance barbarity, or de- Here, in this happy dell.” basement at home, or subjection, humiliation, or treachery from Thus Nature spake.—The work was doneabroad; I would not have submitted to a foreign oppressor, for the same reason that I would resist the foreign and domestic oppressor;

How soon my Lucy's race was run! in the dignity of freedom, I would have fought upon the threshold

She died,--and left to me of my country, and its enemy should enter--only by passing over

This heath, this calm, and quiet scene; my lifeless corpse. Am I, who lived but for my country, and who The memory--of what has been, have subjected myself to the dangers of the jealous and watchful And never more--will be.--Wordsworth. oppressor, and the bondage of the grave, only to give my country. men their rights, and my country her independence, and am I to be good; not because men esteem it so. When

When thou doest good, do it because it is loaded with

calumny, and not suffered to resent or repel it—No, thou 'avoidest evil, flee from it because it is God forbid ! If the spirits--of the illustrious dead-participate in the concerns,

evil; not because men speak against it. Be and cares of those, who are dear to them—in this transitory life-o honest for the love of honesty, and thou shalt ever dear--and venerated shade of my departed father, look down be uniformly so. He that doeth it without with scrutiny, upon the conduct of your

suffering son; and see if Il principle-iš wavering.


728. MOLOCH'S ORATION FOR WAR. RES. I ask now, Verres, what have you to My sentence-is for open war: of wiles, advance against this charge? Will you pre More unexpert, I boast not; them, let those tend to deny it? Will you pretend that any- Contrive, who need; or, when they need; not now; thing false, that even anything aggravated-For while they sit contriving, shall the rest, is alleged against you? Had any prince, or any state, committed the same outrage against Millions, that stand in arms, and longing, wait the privileges of Roman citizens, should we The signal 10 ascend, sit lingering here, not think we had sufficient reason—for de- Heaven's fugitives, and for their dwelling-place, claring immediate war against them? What Accept this dark, opprobrious den of shame, punishment, then, ought to be inflicted on a The prison of his lyranny, who reigns tyrannical and wicked prætor, who dared, at By our delay! No, let us rather choose, no greater distance than Sicily, within sight of the Italian coast, to put to the infamous Armed with hell-flames, and fury, all at once, death of crucifixion, that unfortunate and O'er heaven's high towers, to force resistless way, innocent citizen, Publius Gavius Cosanus, Turning our tortures, into horrid armsonly for his having asserted his privilege of Against the torturer; when, to meet the noise citizenship, and declared his intention of ap- of his almighty engine, he shall hear pealing to the justice of his country, against Infernal thunder; and, for lightning, see a cruel oppressor, who had unjustly confined Black fire and horror-shot, with equal rage, him in prison, at Syracuse, whence he had just made his escape The unhappy man, ar- Among his angels: and his throne, itself, rested as he was going to embark for his na- Mixed with Tartarean sulphur, and strange fire, tive country, is brought before the wicked His own invented torments.-But, perhaps, prætor. With eyes darting fury, and a coun- The way seems difficult, and steep to scale, tenance distorted with cruelty, he orders the With upright wing, against a higher foe. helpless victim of his rage to be stripped, and Let such bethink them, if the sleepy drench, rods to be brought; accusing him, but without the least shadow of evidence, or even of of that forgetful lake-benumb not still, suspicion, of having come to Sicily as a spy. That in our proper motion, we ascend It was in vain, that the unhappy man cried Up to our native seat: descent, and fall, out, “ I am a Roman citizen, I have served To us—is adverse. Who, but felt of late, under Lucius Pretius, who is now at Panor- When the fierce foe-hung on our broken rear, mus, and will attest my innocence.” The Insulting, and pursued us, through the deep, bloodthirsty prætor, deaf to all that he could with what compulsion, and laborious fight, urge in his own defence, ordered the infamous punishment to be inflicted. Thus, fath- We sunk thus low!—The ascent is easy then : ers, was an innocent Roman citizen public. The event is feared:-should we again provoke ly mangled, with scourging; whilst the only Our stronger, some worse way his wrath may find, words he uttered amidst his cruel sufferings To our destruction; if there be, in hell, were, “I am a Roman citizen !” With these Fear to be worse destroyed.--What can be worse, he hoped to defend himself from violence, Than to dwell here, driven out from bliss,condemn'd and infamy. But of so little service was this privilege to him, that while he was asserting In this abhorred deep-to utter wo; his citizenship, the order was given for his Where pain of unextinguishable fire execution,--for his execution upon the cross! Must exercise us, without hope of end,

O liberty ! O sound, once delightful to eve- The vassals of his anger, when the scourge ry Roman ear! O sacred privilege of Ro- Inexorable, and the torturing hour man citizenship! once--sacred, now--tram- Call us to penance ?-More destroyed than thus, pled upon! But what then! is it come to We should be quite abolished, and expire. this? 'Shall an inferior magistrate, a gover- What fear we then ?--What doubt we to incense nor, who holds his power of the Roman people, in a Roman province, within sight of It- His utmost ire! which, to his height, enraged, aly, bind, scourge, torture with fire and red- Will either quite consume us, or reduce hot plates of iron, and at last put to the infa- To nothing this essential; happier far, mous death of the cross, a Roman citizen? | Than miserable to have eternal being ; Shall neither the cries of innocence, expiring Or, if our substance be indeed divine, in agony, nor the tears of pitying spectators, and cannot cease to be, we are, at worst, nor the majesty of the Roman common- On this side nothing; and, by proof, we feel wealth, nor the justice of his country, restrain the licentious and wanton cruelty of Our power sufficient,—to disturb his heaven, a monster, who, in confidence of his riches, And, with perpetual inroad, to alarm, strikes at the root of liberty and sets mankind Though inaccessible, his fatal throne; at defiance?

Which, if not victory, is yet revenge.—Milton. VANITY.

THIS WORLD. -0, vanity,

“Tis a sad world," said one, "a world of woe, How are thy painted beauties doted on,

Where sorrow--reigns supreme." Yet from my By light and empty idiots! how pursued

The all-sustaining hope did not depart; [heart With open and extended appetite!

But, to its impulse true, I answered—“No! How they do sweat and run themselves from breath, The world hath much of good-nor seldom, joy Raised on their toes, to catch thy airy forms, Over our spirits--broods with radiant wing ; Still turning giddy, till they reel like drunkards, Gladness from grief, and life from death may That buy the merry madness of one hour

Treasures are ours the grave cannot destroy;[spring; With the long irksomeness of following time. Then chide not harshly-our instructress stern, Time flies, and never dies.

Whose solemn lessons-wisdom bids us learn”

729. INFLUENCE OF THE WISE AND Good. The scythe--had left the withering grass, The relations between man, and man, cease And stretch'd the fading blossom. not with life. They leave behind them their memory, their example, and the effects of

And thus, I thought with many a sigh, their actions. Their influence still abides with

The hopes—we fondly cherish, us. Their names, and characters dwell in Like flowers, which blossom, but to die, our thoughts, and hearts—we live, and com- Seem only born—to perish. mune with them, in their writings. We en

Once more, at eve, abroad I stray'd, joy the benefit of their labors-our institutions have been founded by them-we are

Through lonely hay-fields musing; surrounded by the works of the dead. Our

While every breeze, that round me play'd, knowledge, and our arts are the fruit of their Rich fragrance--was diffusing. toil-our minds have been formed by their The perfumed air, the hush of eve, instructions - we are most intimately con

To purer hopes appearing, nected with them, by a thousand depend

O'er thoughts perchance 100 prone to grieve, encies. Those, whom we have loved in life, are still

Scatter'd the balm of healing. objects of our deepest, and holiest affections. For thus the actions of the just,” Their power over us remains. They are with When Memory hath enshrined them, us in our solitary walks; and their voices

F'en from the dark and silent dust speak to our hearts in the silence of midnight.

Their odor leaves behind them.-Barton. Their image is impressed upon our dearest recollections, and our most sacred hopes.

731. PUBLIC FAITH. To expatiate on the They form 'an essential part of our treasure value of public faith—may pass with some laid up in heaven For, above all, we are men, for declamation—to such men, I have separated from them, but for a little time. nothing to say. To others, I will urge-can We are soon to be united with them. If we any circumstance mark upon a people, more follow in the path of those we have loved, we, turpitude and debasement? Can anything too, shall soon join the innumerable company tend more to make men think themselves of “the spirits of just men made perfect." mean, or degrade, to a lower point, their estiOur affections, and our hopes, are not buried mation of virtue, and their standard of action ? in the dust, to which we commit the poor re

It would not merely demoralize mankind, mains of mortality. The blessed retain their it tends to break all the ligaments of society, remembrance, and their love for us in heaven; to dissolve that mysterious charm which at and we will cherish our remembrance, and tracts individuals to the nation, and to inspire, our love for them, while on earth.

in its stead, a repulsive sense of shame and Creatures of imitation, and sympathy as

disgust. we are, we look around us for support, and

What is patriotism? Is it a narrow affeccountenance, even in our virtues. We recur tion for the spot, where a man was born? for them, most securely, to the examples of Are the very clods, where we tread, entitled the dead. There is a degree of insecurity, to this ardent preference, because they are and uncertainty about living worth. The greener? No, sir, this is not the character of stamp has not yet been put upon it, which the virtue, and it soars higher for its object. precludes all change, and seals it up as a just It is an extended self-love, mingling with all object of admiration for future times. There the enjoyments of life, and twisting itself with is no greater service, which a man of com

the minutest filaments of the heart. manding intellect can render his fellow crea- It is thus—we obey the laws of society, betures, than that of leaving behind him an un

cause they are the laws of virtue. In their spotted example.

authority we see, not the array of force and If he do not confer upon them this benefit; terror, but the venerable image of our counif he leave a character, dark with vices in the try's honor. Every good citizen makes that sight of God, but dazzling qualities in the honor his

own, and cherishes it, not only as view of men; it may be that all his other ser- precious, but as sacred. He is willing to risk vices had better have been forborne, and he his life in its defence, and is conscious, that had passed ctive, and unnoticed through he gains protection while he gives it. For, life." It is a dictate of wisdom, therefore, as what rights of a citizen will be deemed in well as feeling, when a man, eminent for his violable, when a state renounces the princivirtues and talents, has been taken away, to ples, that constitute their security ? collect the riches of his goodness, and add

Or, if this life should not be invaded, what them to the treasury of human improvement would its enjoyments be in a country, odious The true christian-liveth not for himself; in the eyes of strangers, and dishonored in and it is thus, in one respect, that he dieth his own? Could he look-with affection and not for himself.- Norton.

veneration, to such a country as his parent?

The sense of having one--would die within 730. HUMAN LIFE.

him; he would blush for his patriotism, if he I walk'd the fields-at morning's prime, retained any, and justly, for it would be a vice. The grass-was ripe for mowing:

He would be a banished man-in his native The sky-lark-sung his matin chime,

land.--Fisher Ames. And all-was brightly glowing.

If thou well observe

The rule of not too much, by temperance taught, " And thus,” I cried, the “ardent boy,

In what thou eat'st and drink'st,seeking from thence His pulse, with rapture beating,

Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight,
Deems life's inheritance-his joy-
The future-proudly greeting.”

Till many years over thy head return:

So mayst thou live, till, like ripe fruit, thou drop I wandered forth at noon :-alas!

Into thy mother's lap, to be with ease On earth's materal bosom

Gather'd, not harshly pluck'd, in death mature.

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732. POLITICAL CORRUPTION. We are Without it, human affairs would become a apt to treat the idea of our own corruptibili- mere stagnant pool. By means of his patty, as utterly visionary, and to ask, with a ronage, the president addresses himself in grave affectation of dignity-what! do you the most irresistible manner, to this the no think a member of congress can be corrup- blest and strongest of our passions. All that ted? Sir, I speak, what I have long and de- the imagination can desire--honor, power, liberately considered, when I say, that since wealth, ease, are held out as the temptation. man was created, there never has been a po- Man was not made to resist such temptation. litical body on the face of the earth, that it is impossible to conceive--Satan himself would not be corrupted under the same cir- could not devise, a system, which would more cumstances. Corruption steals upon us, in a infallibly introduce corruption and death into thousand insidious forms, when we are least our political Eden. Sir, the angels fell from aware of its approaches.

heaven with less temptation.—McDuffie. Of all the forins, in which it can present it

733. CATO'S SOLILOQUY ON IMMORTALITY. self, the bribery of office—is the most dangerous, because it assumes the guise of patri- It must be so-Plato, thou reasonest well ! otism—to accomplish its fatal sorcery. We Else, whence this pleasing hope, this fond desire, are often asked, where is the evidence of cor- This longing-after immoriality ? ruption? Have you seen it? Sir, do you Or, whence—this secret dread, and inward horror, expect to see it?. You might, as well, expect of falling-into nought? Why-shrinks the soulto see the embodied forms of pestilence, and Back on herself, and startles-al destruction ?famine-stalking before you, as to see the la- 'Tis the Divinity—that stirs within us : tent operations of this insidious power. may walk amidst it, and breathe its contagion, 'Tis Heaven itself, that points out-a hereafter, without being conscious of its presence.

And intimates-Eternity-10 man. All experience teaches us—the irresistible Eternity !--thou pleasing—dreaful thought! power of temptation, when vice-assumes the Through whai variety-of untried being, (pass! form of virtue. The great enemy of man- Through what new scenes, and changes, must we kind—could not have consummated his in. The wide, the unbounded prospect lies before me ; fernal scheme, for the seduction of our first parents, but for the disguise, in which he But shadows, clouds, and darkness, rest upon it.presented himself. Had he appeared as the Here--will I hold. If there's a Power above us, devil, in his proper form: had the spear of (And that there is, all Nature cries aloudIthuriel-disclosed the naked deformity of Through all her works,) He must delight in virtue: the fiend of hell, the inhabitants of paradise And that, which He delights in musi be happy. would have shrunk with horror from his But when? or where? This world—was made presence.

for Cesar? But he came--as the insinuating serpent, and presented a beautiful apple, the most de- I'm weary of conjectures—this—must end them.-. licious fruit in all the garden. He told his

[ Laying his hand on his sword. glowing story to the unsuspecting victim of Thus—I am doubly armed. My death--and life, his guile. “It can be no crime—to taste of My bane--and antidote, are both before me. this delightful fruit. It will disclose to you This in a moment, brings me to an end; the knowledge of good, and evil. It will But this—informs me-I shall never die. raise you to an equality with the angels."

Such, sir, was the process; and, in this The soul, secured in her existence, smiles, simple, but impressive narrative, we have the At the drawn dagger, and defies its point.most beautiful and philosophical illustration The stars--shall fade away, the sun himself of the frailty of man, and the power of temp- Grow dim with age, and nature sink in years; tation, that could possibly be exhibited. Mr. But thou shalt flourish-in immortal youth, Chairman, I have been forcibly struck, with Unhurt-amidst the war of elements, the similarity, between our present situation, The wreck of matter, and the crush of worlds. and that of Eve, after it was announced, that Satan was on the borders of paradise. We, IDLENESS -- is the badge of gentry, the too, have been warned, that the enemy is on bane of body and mind, the nurse of naughour borders.

tiness, the step-mother of discipline, the chief But God forbid that the similitude should be author of all mischief, one of the seven deadcarried any farther. Eve, conscious of her ly sins, the cushion upon which the devil innocence, sought temptation and defied it. chiefly reposes, and a great cause not only of The catastrophe is too fatally known to us melancholy, but of many other diseases: for all. She went,“with the blessings of heaven the mind is naturally active; and if it be not on her head, and its purity in her heart,” occupied about some honest business, it rushguarded by the ministry of angels–she re- es into mischief, or sinks into melancholy. turned covered with shame, under the heavy denunciation of heaven's everlasting curse.

Sir, it is innocence--that temptation con- When, to the grave, we follow the renowned quers. If our first parent, pure as she came For valor, virtue, science, all we love, [heam from the hand of God, was overcome by the And all we praise ; for worth, whose noontide seductive power, let us not imitate her fatal Mends our ideas of ethereal pow'rs, rashness, seeking temptation, when it is in Dream we, that lustre of the moral world our power to avoid it. Let us not vainly Goes out in stench, and rottenness the close ? confide in our own infallibility. We are lia- Why was he wise to know, and warm to praise, ble to be corrupted. To an ambitious man, an honorable office will appear as beautiful And strenuous to transcribe, in human life, and fascinating--as the apple of paradise.

The mind almighty! could it be that fate, I admit, sir, that ambition is a passion, at Just when the lineaments began to shine, once the most powerful and the most useful. Should snatch the draught, and blot it out forever.


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