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A. D. 31.

MATT. XII. 36-39.

A. D. 31.


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committed, and of all their hard | And he left them, and departed, xvi. speeches which ungodly sinners have 1-4. And the Pharisees came forth, spoken against him, Jude 14, 15. and began to question with him, seekAnd I saw the dead, small and great, ing of him a sign from heaven, temptstand before God; and the books were ing him. And he sighed deeply in his opened: and another book was open-spirit, and saith, Why doth this ed, which is the book of life: and the generation seek after a sign? Verily dead were judged out of those things I say unto you, There shall no sign be which were written in the books, given unto this generation, Mark viii. according to their works, Rev. xx. 11, 12. And others, tempting him,

sought of him a sign from heaven. VER. 37.

And when the people were gathered

thick together, he began to say, This 'Εκ γάς των λόγων του δικαιωθήση, και is an evil generation : they seek a εκ των λόγων σου καταδικασθήση.

sign; and there shall no sign be given For by thy words thou shalt be a jus- it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet, tified, and by thy words thou shalt be Luke xi. 16. 29. Then answered the condernned.

Jews and said unto him, What sign a Was not Abraham our father jus- shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou tified by works, when he had offered doest these things ? John ii. 18. Then Isaac his son upon the altar? Seest said Jesus unto him, Except ye see thou how faith wrought with his signs and wonders, ye will not beworks, and by works was faith made lieve, iv. 48. For the Jews require perfect? And the Scripture was fulfil- a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisled which saith, Abraham believed dom, 1 Cor. i. 22. God, and it was imputed unto him

VER. 39. for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God. Ye see then how ο δε αποκριθείς, είπεν αυτοίς: Γενεά that by works a man is justified, and | πονηρά και μοιχαλές σημείον επιζητεί, not by faith only. Likewise also was και σημείον ού δοθήσεται αυτή, ει μη το not Rabab the harlot justifed by σημείον Ιωνά του προφήτου. works, when she had received the

But he answered and said unto them, messengers, and had sent them out

a An evil and adulterous generation another way? James ii. 21-25.

seeketh after a sign; and there shallb VER. 38.

sign be given to it, but the sign of the Τότε απεκρίθησάν τινες των Γραμματέων | prophet Jonas: και Φαρισαίων, λέγοντες· Διδάσκαλε, θέλ.

a But draw near hither, ye sons of ομεν από σου σημείον ιδείν.

the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer Then certain of the a Scribes and of and the whore, Is. Ivii. 3. Whosoever the b Pharisees unswered, saying, Mas- therefore shall be ashamed of me and ter, we would see a sign from thee. of my words in this adulterous and

a See on clause 2. ver. 4. ch. ii. sinful generation ; of him also shall b See on clause 1. ver. 7. ch. iii. the Son of man be ashamed, when he

c The Pharisees also with the Sad- cometh in the glory of his Father with ducees came, and tempting desired the holy angels, Mark viii. 38. Ye him that he would shew them a sign adulterers and adulteresses, know ye from heaven. He answered and said not that the friendship of the world is unto them, When it is evening, ye enmity with God? whosoever theresay, It will be fair weather : for the fore will be a friend of the world is the sky is red. And in the morning, It enemy of God, James iv. 4. will be foul weather to day: for the bA wicked and adulterous generasky is red and lowring. O ye hypo- tion seeketh after a sign ; and there crites, ye can discern the face of the shall no sign be given unto it, but the sky ; but can ye not discern the signs sign of the prophet Jonas. And he of the times? A wicked and adulter. | left them, and departed, Vatt. xvi. 4. ous generation seeketh after a sign ; And when the people were gathered and there shall no sign be given unto thick together, he began to say, This it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. is an evil generation : they seek a

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A.D. 31.

MATT. XII. 39—41.

A. D. 31.


sign ; and there shall no sign be given | waves passed over me. Then I said, I it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet. am cast out of thy sight; yet I will For as Jonas was a sign unto the look again toward thy holy temple. Ninevites, so shall also the Son of The waters compassed me about, even man be to this generation, Luke xi. to the soul : the depth closed me 29, 30.

round about, the weeds were wrapped VER. 40.

about my head. I went down to the

bottoms of the mountains; the earth Soner pås, vx 'Ievās iu tha xoldig to with her bars was about me for ever: κήτους τρείς ημέρας και τρεις νύκτας ούτως yet hast thou brought up my life from έσται ο υιός του ανθρώπου εν τη καρδία της corruption, O LORD my God, Jon. ii. γης τρείς ημέρας και τρεις νύκτας.


VER. 41. For a as Jonas was three days and "Ανδρες Νινευΐται αναστήσονται εν τη three nights in the whale's belly : 5 soshall spiset petà This yeveãs taútns, rai rataxthe Son of man be three days and three | ρινούσιν αυτήν· ότι μετενόησαν εις το κήρυnights c in the heart of the earth. γμα Ιωνά και ιδού πλείον Ιωνά ώδε.

The a men of Nineveh shall b rise in a Now the Lord had prepared a judgment with this generation, and great fish to swallow up Jonah. And shall condemn it: C because they repented Jonah was in the belly of the fish at the preaching of Jonas ; and, d behold, three days and three nights, Jon. a greater than Jonas is here. i. 17.

a The men of Nineveh shall rise up b From that time forth began Jesus in the judgment with this generation, to shew unto his disciples, how that and shall condemn it: for they repenthe must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer ed at the preaching of Jonas; and, many things of the elders and Chief behold, a greater than Jonas is here, Priests and Scribes, and be killed, Luke xi. 32. and be raised again the third day,Matt. b The queen of the south shall rise xvi. 2i. And they shall kill him, and up in the judgment with this generathe third day he shall be raised again. tion, and shall condemn it: for she And they were exceeding sorry, xvii. came from the uttermost parts of the 23. And saying, Thou that destroyest earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon ; the temple, and buildest it in three and, hehold, a greater than Solomon is days, save thyself. If thou be the Son here! Matt. xii. 42. No weapon that of God, come down from the cross, is formed against thee shall prosper ; xxvii. 40. Saying, Sir, we remember and every tongue that shall rise against that that deceiver said, while he was thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. yet alive,

After three days I will rise This is the heritage of the servants of again. Command therefore that the the LORD, and their righteousness is sepulchre be made sure until the of me, saith the LORD, Is. liv. 17. third day, lest his disciples come by And shall not uncircumcision which is night, and steal him away, and say by nature, if it fulfil the law, judge unto the people, He is risen from the thee, who by the letter and circumcidead : so the last error shall be worse sion dost transgress the law? Rom. than the first, 63, 64. Jesus answer- ii. 27. By faith Noah, being wamed ed and said unto them, Destroy this of God of things not seen as yet, temple, and in three days I will raise moved with fear, prepared an ark to it up, John ii. 19.

the saving of his house ; by the which c But those that seek my soul, to be condemned the world, and became destroy, it shall go into the lower parts heir of the righteousness which is by of the earth, Ps. Ixiii. 9. And said, I faith, Heb. xi. 7. cried by reason of mine affliction unto «So the people of Nineveh believed the LORD, and he heard me; out of God, and proclaimed a fast, and put the belly of hell cried I, and thou on sackcloth, from the greatest of heardest my voice. For thou hadst them even to the least of them. For cast me into the deep, in the midst of word came unto the king of Nineveh, the seas; and the floods compassed and he arose from his throne, and he me about : all thy billows and thy laid his robe from him, and covered

A. D. 31.
MATT. XII. 41, 42.

A. D. 31. him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. | whose house are we, if we hold fast And he caused it to be proclaimed the confidence and the rejoicing of the and published through Nineveh by hope firm unto the end, Heb. iii. the decree of the king and his nobles 5, 6. saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing : let

VER. 42. them not feed, nor drink water: But

Βασίλισσα νότου έγερθήσεται εν τη κρίσει let man and beast be covered with | μετά της γενεάς ταύτης, και κατακρινεϊ Backcloth, and cry mightily unto God: αυτήν· ότι ήλθεν εκ των σεράτων της γης yea, let them turn every one from his excūral tho copiar zorgpārtos sai idow, evil way, and from the violence that thior Eonouævtos MSE. is in their hands. Who can tell if

Thea God will tum and repent, and turn the judgment with this generation, and

queen of the south shall rise up in away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? And God saw their works, rttermost parts of the earth to bhear the

shall condemn it: for she came from the that they turned from their evil way; wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a and God repented of the evil, that greater than Solomon is here ! he had said that he would do unto them ; and he did it not, Jonah iii. 5 2 And when the queen of Sheba -10.

heard of the fame of Solomon cond But I say unto you, That in this cerning the name of the LORD, she place is one greater than the temple. came to prove him with hard questions, The queen of the south shall rise up 1 Kings x. 1. And when the queen in the judgment with this generation, of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, and shall condemn it: for she came she came to prove Solomon with hard from the uttermost parts of the earth questions at Jerusalem, with a very to hear the wisdom of Solomon ; and, great company, and camels that bare behold, a greater than Solomon is here! | spices, and gold in abundance, and Matt. vi. 6. 42. He that cometh from precious stones: and when she was above is above all : he that is of the come to Solomon, she communed with earth is earthly, and speaketh of the him of all that was in her heart, earth : he that cometh from heaven 2 Chron. ix. 1. The queen of the is above all, John iii. 31. Art thou south shall rise up in the judgment greater than our father Jacob, which with the men of this generation, and gave us the well, and drank thereof condemn them : for she came from himself, and his children, and his cat- the utmost parts of the earth to hear tle? iv. 12. Art thou greater than the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, our father Abraham, which is dead a greater than Solomon is here, Luke and the prophets are dead: whom xi. 31. And he arose and went : de makest thou thyself? Jesus answered, behold, man of Ethiopia, an eunuch If I honour myself, my honour is no- of great authority under Candace thing : it is my Father that honoureth queen of the Ethiopians, who had the me; of whom ye say, that he is your charge of all her treasure, and had God: Yet ye have not known him; come to Jerusalem for to worship, Was but I know him : and if I should say, returning, and sitting in his chariot I know him not, I shall be a liar like read Esaias the prophet, Acts viii. unto you: but I know him, and keep 27, 28. his saying. Your father Abraham b Give therefore thy servant an unrejoiced to see my day: and he saw derstanding heart to judge thy people, it, and was glad. Then said the Jews that I may discern between good and unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years bad : for who is able to judge this old, and hast thou seen Abraham ? thy so great a people? 1 Kings iii. Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, 9. Behold, I have done according I say unto you, Before Abraham was, to thy words: lo, I have given thee I am, viü. 53–58. And Moses verily a wise and an understanding heart; was faithful in all his house, as a ser- so that there was none like thee bevant, for a testimony of those things fore thee, neither after thee shall any which were to be spoken after; But arise like unto thee, 12. And all Christ as a son over his own house; Israel heard of the judgment which


A, D. 31.
MATT. XII. 42, 43.

A. D. 31, the king had judged; and they feared | Who, being in the form of God, the king : for they saw that the wis- thought it not robbery to be equal dom of God wus in him, to do judg- with God: but made himself of no ment, 28.

And God gave Solomon reputation, and took upon him the wisdom and understanding exceeding form of a servant, and was made in much, and largeness of heart, even the likeness of men, Phil. ii. 6, 7. as the sand that is on the sea-shore, Hath in these last days spoken unto iv. 29. And there came of all peo- us by his Son, whom he hath apple to hear the wisdom of Solomon, pointed heir of all things, by whom from all kings of the earth, which also he made the worlds ; Who being had heard of his wisdom, 34. And the brightness of his glory, and the the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as express image of his person, and uphe promised him: and there was peace holding all things by the word of his between Hiram and Solomon; and they power, when he had by himself purged two made a league together, v. 12. our sins, sat down on the right hand And when the queen of Sheba had of the Majesty on high ; Being made seen all Solomon's wisdom, and the so much better than the angels, as he house that he had built, x. 4. How. hath by inheritance obtained a more beit I believed not the words, until I excellent name than they, Heb. i. came, and mine eyes had seen it : and, 2-4. behold, the half was not told me : thy

VER. 43. wisdom and prosperity exceedeth the fame which I heard, 7. And all the "Οταν δε το ακάθαρτον πνεύμα εξέλθη earth sought to Solomon, to hear his από του ανθρώπου, διέρχεται δι' ανύδρων wisdom, which God had put in his | τόπων, ζητούν ανάπαυσιν, και ουχ ευρίheart, 24. c And lo a voice from heaven, say

Whena the unclean spirit is gone out ing, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased, Matt. iii. 17. While of a man, bhé walketh through dry he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud places, seeking rest, and findeth none. overshadowed them : and behold a a When the unclean spirit is gone voice out of the cloud, which said, out of a man, he walketh through dry This is my beloved Son in whom I am places, seeking rest; and finding pone, well pleased; hear ye him, xvii. 5. he saith, I will return unto my house Therefore the Lord bimself shall give whence I came out, Luke xi. 24. you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall b And, behold, they cried out, sayconceive, and bear a son, and shall ing, What have we to do with thee, call his name Immanuel, Isa. vii. 14. Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou For unto us a child is born, unto us come hither to torment us before the a son is given: and the government time ? Matt. viii. 29. And cried shall be upon his shoulder : and his with a loud voice, and said, What name shall be called Wonderful, Coun- have I to do with thee, Jesus, thon sellor, The mighty God, The everlast- Son of the most high God? I adjure ing Father, The Prince of Peace. Of thee by God, that thou torment me the increase of his government and not. For he said unto him, Come out peace there shall be no end, upon the of the man, thou unclean spirit. And throne of David, and upon his king- he asked him, What is thy name? dom, to order it, and to establish it And he answered, saying, My name with judgment and with justice from is Legion : for we are many. And henceforth even for ever. The zeal he besought him much that he would of the LORD of hosts will perform this, not send them away out of the counix. 6, 7. And the Word was made try. Now there was there nigh unto Alesb, and dwelt among us, (and we be the mountains a great herd of swine held his glory, the glory as of the only feeding. And all the devils besought begotten of the Father,) full of grace him, saying, Send us into the swine that and truth. No man hath seen God we may enter into them. And forthwith at any time; the only begotten Son, Jesus gave them leave. And the unwhich is in the bosom of the Father, clean spirits went out, and entered into be hath declared him, John i. 14. 18. the swine; and the berd ran violently

A. D. 31.

MATT, XII. 43–45.

A. D. 31.

For we

down a steep place into the sea, (they

VER. 45. were about two thousand ;) and were Τότε πορεύεται, και παραλαμβάνει μεθ choked in the sea, Mark v. 7--13. avto &Trà i tepa mreúpata Torpóreça When he saw Jesus, he cried out, and lavto, vai sitsidóyta xatosxsĩ é xet xai fell down before him, and with a loud γίνεται τα έσχατα του ανθρώπου εκείνου voice, said, What have I to do with | xsipova tãy ngótav. OCTW Total nal thee, Jesus, thou Son of God most ti geres Taútņ, ti corpã. high? I beseech thee, torment me

Then goeth he, and taketh with him. not. (For he had commanded the un self a seven other spiritsb more wicked than clean spirit to come out of the man himself, and they enter in and dwell For oftentimes it had caught him: there : cand the last state of that mun is and he was kept bound with chains and in fetters; and he brake the bands, be ulso unto this wicked generation.

worse than the first. Even so shall it and was driven of the devil into the wilderness.) And Jesus asked him,

a But when the Pharisees heard it, saying, What is thy name? And he they said, This fellow doth not cast said, Legion : because many devils

out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince were entered into him.

And they

of the devils, Matt. xii. 24. And he besought him that he would not com

asked him, What is thy name? And mand them to go out into the deep. he answered, saying, My name is LeAnd there was there an herd of many gion : for we are many, Mark v.9. Now swine feeding on the mountain : and when Jesus was risen early the first they besought him that he would suf- day of the week, he appeared first to fer them to enter into them. And he Mary Magdalene,out of whom he had suffered them, Luke viii. 28-32.

cast seven devils, xvi. 9.

wrestle not against flesh and blood, VER: 44.

but against principalities, against Téte aéye 'Eto tpéta els tòp oixów powers, against the rulers of the dark μου, όθεν εξήλθον. Και ελθόν, ευρίσκει

ness of this world, against spiritual σχολάζοντα, σεσαρωμένον, και κεκοσμημέ- | wickedness in high places, Εph. vi. 12.

b Woe unto you, Scribes and PhaThen he saith, I will return into a my risees, hypocrites! for ye compass house from whence I came out ; and sea and land to make one proselyte, when he is come, he findeth it empty, and when he is made, ye make him swept, and garnished.

twofold more the child of hell than a Or else how can one enter into a yourselves, Matt. xxiii. 15. strong man's house, and spoil his c Then goeth he, and taketh to him goods, except he first bind the strong seven other spirits more wicked than man? and then he will spoil his house, himself; and they enter in, and dwell Matt. xii. 29. When a strong man

there : and the last state of that man armed keepeth his palace, his goods is worse than the first, Luke xi. 26. are in peace : But when a stronger For it is impossible for those who than he shall come upon him and once enlightened, and have overcome him, he taketh from him tasted of the heavenly gift, and were all his armour wherein he trusted, made partakers of the Holy Ghost, and divideth his spoils, Luke xi. 21, And have tasted the good word of 22. And after the sop Satan entered God, and the powers of the world to into him. Then said Jesus unto him, come, If they shall fall away, to reThat thou doest, do quickly, John new them again unto repentance; xiii. 27. Wherein in time past ye seeing they crucify to themselves the walked according to the course of this Son of God afresh, and put him to an world, according to the prince of the open shame. For the earth which power of the air, the spirit that now drinketh in the rain that cometh oft worketh in the children of disobedi- upon it, and bringeth forth herbs meet ence : Eph. ii. 2. Ye are of God, for them by whom it is dressed, relittle children, and have overcome ceiveth blessing from God : But that them: because greater is he that is which beareth thorns and briers is in you, than he that is in the world, rejected, and is nigh unto cursing ; 1 John iv. 4.


whose end is to be burned : Heb. vi.


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