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A. D. 33,
A. D. 33. love of money is the root of all evil: | For it is easier for a camel to go which while some coveted after, they through a needle's eye, than for a rich have erred from the faith, and pierced man toenter into the kingdom of God, themselves through with many sor- Luke xviii. 25. How can ye believe, rows, 1 Tim. vi. 9, 10, Let the bro- which receive honour one of another, ther of low degree rejoice in that he is and seek not the honour that cometh exalted: But the rich, in that he is from God only? John v. 44. brought low: because as the flower
VER. 25. of the grass he shall pass away. For 'Ακούσαντες δε οι μαθηταί αυτού, εξεthe sun is no sooner risen with a
πλήσσοντο σφόδρα, λέγοντες· Τίς άρα δύναburning heat, but it withereth the ται σωθήναι; grass, and the flower thereof falleth,
When his disciples heard it, they were and the grace of the fashion of it per- exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then isheth: : so also shall the rich man fade
can be saved ? away in his ways, Jam.i. 9—11. But
VER. 26. ye have despised the poor. Donot rich
'Εμβλέψας δε ο Ιησούς, είπεν αυτοίς: men oppress you, and draw you be- Tagà ávépámos tūto ådúva tóv érti, papà, fore the judgment-seats ? ii. 6. Go di em távra dúvatá érti, to now, ye rich men, weep and howl
But Jesus beheld them, and said unto for your miseries that shall come upon them, With men this is impossible ; a but you. Your riches are corrupted, and with God all things are possible. your garments are motheaten. Your gold and silver is cankered ; and the
a Is any thing too hard for the rust of them shall be a witness against Lord? At the time appointed I will you, and shall eat your flesh as it were
return unto thee, according to the time fire. Ye have heaped treasure toge- of life, and Sarah shall have a son, ther for the last days. Behold, the Gen. xviii. 14. And the Lord said bire of the labourers who have reaped unto Moses, Is the Lord's hand waxed down your fields, which is of you
short? thou shalt see now whether my kept back by fraud, crieth: and the word will come to pass unto thee or cries of them which have reaped are
not, Num. xi. 23. I know that thou entered into the ears of the Lord of canst do every thing, and that no sabaoth, v. 1-4.
thought can be withholden from thee, • See on chap. ii. ver. 2. clause 2. Job xlii, 2. Behold, I am the LORD,
the God of all flesh: is there any VER. 24.
thing too hard for me? Jer. xxxii. 27. Πάλιν δε λέγω υμίν, ευκοπώτερόν έστι | Τhus saith the LoRD of hosts ; Ifit be κάμηλον δια τρυπήματος ραφίδος διελθεϊν, ή | marvellous in the eyes of the remnant Thoucion sistny Basislav Toi EOū bicendent of this people in these days, should
And again I say unto you, a It is it also be marvellous in mine eyes? easier for a camel to go through the eye saith the LORD of hosts, Zech. viii.6. of a needle, than for a rich man to enter And Jesus looking upon them saith, into the kingdom of God.
With men it is impossible, but not * But Jesus beheld them, and said with God: for with God all things unto them, With men this is impossi- God nothing shall be impossible,
are possible, Mark x. 27. For with ble ; but with God all things are pos- Luke i. 37. And he said, The things sible, ver. 26. Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his which are impossible with men are spots? then may ye also do good, that possible with Ĝod, xviii. 27. are accustomed to do evil, Jer. xiii.
VER. 27. 23. And the disciples were aston
Τότε αποκριθείς ο Πέτρος, είπεν αυτώ ished at his words. But Jesus an
Ιδού, ημείς αφήκαμεν πάντα, και ήκολουswereth again, and saith unto them, Ońcanév for ti åpa črta npeño; Children, how hard is it for them Then answered Peter and said unto him, that trust in riches to enter into the Behold, a we have forsaken all, and folkingdom of God! It is easier for a lowed thee; bwhat shall we have therefore ? camel to go through the eye of a nee- a See on chap. iv. verses 20. 22. dle, than for a rich man to enter into b But when the first came, they the kingdom of God, Mark x. 24, 25. supposed that they should have re
A. D. 33.
A. D. 33. ceived more; and they likewise re- upon the throne of his glory, xxv. 31. ceived every man a penny.
And And to you who are troubled rest when they had received it, they mur- with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be mured against
the good man of the revealed from heaven with his mighty house, saying, These last have wrought angels, In flaming fire taking venbut one hour, and thou hast made them geance on them that know not God, equal unto us, which have bore the and that obey not the Gospel of our burden and heat of the day, Matt. xx. Lord Jesus Christ : Who shall be 10-12. And he answering said to punished with everlasting destruction his father, Lo, these many years do I from the presence of the Lord, and serve thee, neither transgressed I at from the glory of his power; When any time thy commandment: and yet he shall come to be glorified in his thou never gavest me a kid, that I saints, and to be admired in all them might make merry with my friends, that believe (because our testimony Luke xv. 29. That no flesh should among you was believed) in that day, glory in his presence, 1 Cor. i. 29. 2 Thes. i. 7—10. And I saw a great For who maketh thee to differ from white throne, and him that sat on it, another? and what hast thou that thou from whose face the earth and the headidst not receive? now if thou didst ven fled away; and there was found no receive it, why dost thou glory as if place for them. And I saw the dead, thou hadst not received it ? iv. 7. small and great, stand before God; VER. 28.
and the books were opened : and an'o da 'inorūs siWey aütcīso 'Auenio aérou book of life: and the dead were judged
other book was opened which is the υμίν, ότι υμείς οι ακολουθήσαντές μου, fy
out of those things which were written τη παλιγγενεσία, όταν καθίση ο υιός του ανθρώπου επι θρόνου δόξης αυτού, καθίσεσθε in the books, according to their works. και υμείς επί δώδεκα θρόνους, κρίνοντες τας
And the sea gave up the dead which δώδεκα φυλάς του Ισραήλ.
were in it; and death and hell de
. And Jesus said unto them, Verily I them: and they were judged every
livered up the dead which were in say unto you, That ye which have fol man according to their works. And lowed me, a in the regeneration bwhen death and hell were cast into the lake the Son of man shall sit in the throne of of fire. This is the second death. his glory, cye also shall sit upon twelve And whosoever was not found written thrones, judging the twelve tribes of in the book of life was cast into the Israel.
lake of fire, Rev. xx. 11-15. a For, behold, I create new heavens c And he said unto her, What wilt and a new earth : and the former thou? She saith unto him, Grant that shall not be remembered, nor come these my two sons may sit, the one on into mind, Isa. lxv. 17. For as the thy right hand, and the other on the new heavens and the new earth, left, in thy kingdom, Matt. xx. 21. Ye which I will make, shall remain be are they which have continued with fore me, saith the LORD, so shall me in my temptations. And I apyour seed and your name remain, lxvi. point unto you a kingdom, as my Fa22. Nevertheless we, according to ther hath appointed unto me; That his promise, look for new heavens ye may eat and drink at my table and a new earth, wherein dwelleth
in my kingdom, and sit on thrones righteousness, 2 Pet. ii. 13. And he judging the twelve tribes of Israel, that sat upon the throne, said, Be- Luke xxii. 28-30. Do ye not know hold, I make all things new. And he that the saints shall judge the world? said unto me, Write: for these words and if the world shall be judged by are true and faithful, Rev. xxi. 5. you, are ye unworthy to judge the
b For the Son of man shall come in smallest matters? Know ye not that the glory of his Father with his an- we shall judge angels ? how much gels; and then he shall reward every more things that pertain to this life? man according to his works, Matt. 1 Cor. vi. 2, 3. If we suffer, we shall xvi. 27. When the Son of man sha also reign with im : we deny him, come in his glory, and all the holy he also will deny us, 2 Tim. ii. 12. angels with him, then shall he sit And he that overcometh, and keepeth
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MATT. XIX. 28-30.
A. D. 33.
my works unto the end, to him will I and sisters, yea, and his own life also, give power over the nations: And he he cannot be my disciple, Luke xiv. shall rule them with a rod of iron ; 26. Wherefore henceforth know we as the vessels of a potter shall they no man after the flesh: yea, though we be broken to shivers : even as I re- have known Christ after the flesh, yet ceived of my Father, Rev. ii. 26, 27. now henceforth know we him no more, To him that overcometh will I grant 2 Cor. v. 16. Yea doubtless, and I to sit with me in my throne, even as count all things but loss for the exI also overcame, and am set down cellency of the knowledge of Christ with my Father in his throne, iii. 21. Jesus my Lord: for whom I have sufVER. 29.
fered the loss of all things, and do Και πάς δς αφήκεν οικίας, ή αδελφούς, και
count them but dung, that I may win αδελφάς, η πατέρα, η μητέρα, η γυναίκα,
Christ, Phil. iii. 8. À téxva, À åygos, ivena Tū óvópatós jueu, revile you, and persecute you, and
Blessed are ye, when men shall εκατονταπλασίονα λήψεται, και ζωήν αιώ- | shall say all manner of evil against νιον κληρονομήσει. .
you falsely, for my sake, Matt. v. 11. And a every one that hath forsaken And ye shall be hated of all men for houses, bor brethren, or sisters, or father, my name's sake : but he that endureth or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, to the end shall be saved, x. 22. Blessfor c my name's sake, shall receive an ed are ye, when men shall hate you, hundredfold, and shall e inherit ever- and when they shall separate you Lasting life.
from their company, and shall reproach a For whosoever will save his life you, and cast out your name as evil, shall lose it: and whosoever will lose for the Son of man's sake, Luke vi. his life for my sake shall find it, Matt. 22. If ye were of the world, the xvi. 25. And Jesus answered and world would love his own: but besaid, Verily say unto you, There is
cause ye are not of the world, but I no man that hath left house, or bre- have chosen you out of the world, thren, or sisters, or father, or mother, therefore the world hateth you, John or wife, or children, or lands, for my xv. 19. But the Lord said unto him, sake, and the Gospel's, But he shall Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel receive an hundredfold now in this unto me, to bear my name before the time, houses, and brethren, and sis. Gentiles, and kings, and the children ters, and mothers, and children, and of Israel, Acts ix. 15. If ye be relands, with persecutions; and in the proached for the name of Christ, happy world to coine eternal life, Mark X. are ye; for the spirit of glory and of 29, 30. And he said unto them, Verily God resteth upon you : on their part I you, There is no man that he is evil spoken of, but on your part bath left house, or parents, or brethren, be is glorified, 1 Pet. iv. 14. Because or wife, or children, for the kingdom that for his name's sake they went of God's sake, Who shall not receive forth, taking nothing of the Gentiles, manifold more in this present time, 3 John 7. and in the world to come life ever- d See on chap. vi. ver. 33. clause 4. lasting, Luke xviii. 29, SO.
e See on ver. 16. clause 3. b And another of his disciples said unto him, Lord, suffer me first to go
VER. 30. and bury my father. But Jesus said
Πολλοί δε έσονται πρώτοι, έσχατοι και unto him, Follow me; and let the dead
έσχατοι, πρώτοι. bury their dead, Matt. viii. 21, 22. He that loveth father or mother more
But amany that are first shall be last; than me is not worthy of me: and and the last shall be first. he that loveth son or daughter more a And I say unto you, That many than me is not worthy of me. And shall come from the east and west, be that taketh not his cross, and fol- and shall sit down with Abraham, loweth after me, is not worthy of me, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom X. 37, 38. If any man come to me, of heaven. But the children of the and hate not his father, and mother, 'kingdom shall be cast out into outer and wife, and children, and brethren,' darkness: there shall be weeping and
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MATT. XIX. 30.-xx. 1.
A. D. 33.
gnashing of teeth, Matt. viii. 11, 12. / which went out cearly in the morning Šo the last shall be first, and the first to hire a labourers into his vineyard. last: for many be called, but few cho- a See on chap. iii. ver. 2. clause 3. sen, xx. 16. Whether of them twain b Then saith he unto his disciples, did the will of his father? They say The harvest truly is plenteous, but the unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto labourers are few: Pray ye therefore them, Verily I say unto you, that the the Lord of the harvest, that he will Publicans and the harlots go into the send forth labourers into his harvest, kingdom of God before you. For Matt. ix. 37, 38. Hear another paraJohn came unto you in the way of ble: There was a certain householder, righteousness, and ye believed him which planted a vineyard, and hedged not: but the Publicans and the harlots it round about, and digged a winebelieved him : and ye, when ye had press in it, and built a tower, and let seen it, repented not afterward, that it out to husbandmen, and went into ye might believe him, xxi. 31, 32. a far country, xxi. 33. Now will I But many that are first, shall be last ; sing to my wellbeloved a song of my and the last, first, Mark x. 31. And beloved touching his vineyard. My all the people that beard him, and the wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a Publicans, justified God, being bap- very fruitful hill : And he fenced it, tized with the baptism of John. But and gathered out the stones thereof, the Pharisees and Lawyers rejected and planted it with the choicest vine, the counselof God against themselves, and built a tower in the midst of it, being not baptized of him, Luke vii. and also made a winepress therein : 29, 30. And, behold, there are last and he looked that it should bring which shall be first, and there are forth grapes, and it brought forth wild first which shall be last, xiii. 30. And grapes, Isa, v. 1, 2. I am the true the Publican, standing afar off, would vine, and my Father is the husbandnot lift up so much as his eyes unto man, John xv. 1. heaven, but smote upon his breast, co Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou saying, God be merciful to me a sin- that killest the prophets, and stonest ner. I tell you, This man went down them which are sent unto thee, how to his house justified rather than the often would I have gathered thy chilother : for every one that exalteth dren together, even as a hen gathereth himself shall be abased; and he that her chickens under her wings! and humbleth himself shall be exalted, ye would not, Matt. xxiii. 37. From Xviii. 13, 14. What shall we say the thirteenth year of Josiah the son then? That the Gentiles, which fol- of Amon king of Judah, even unto lowed not after righteousness, hare this day, that is the three and twenattained to righteousness, even the tieth year, the word of the LORD righteousness which is of faith. But hath come unto me, and I have spoIsrael, which followed after the law ken unto you, rising early, and speakof righteousness, hath not attained to ing; but ye have not hearkened. And the law of righteousness. Wherefore the Lord hath sent unto you all his Because they sought it not by faith, servants the prophets, rising early but as it were by the works of the and sending them ; but ye have not law. For they stumbled at that stum-hearkened, nor inclined your ear to blingstone; As it is written, Behold, hear, Jer. xxv. 3, 4. I lay in Sion a stumblingstone, and a For the Son of man is as a man rock of offence : and whosoever be taking a far journey, who left his lieveth on him shall not be ashamed, house, and gave authority to his serRom. ix. 30--33.
vants, and to every man his work,
and commanded the porter to watch, CHAP. XX. VER 1.
Mark xiii. 34. Therefore, my beloved Opola gép éotu o Bacinia tãy ciga- brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, νών ανθρώπω οικοδεσπότη, όστις εξήλθεν | always abounding in the work of the άμα πρωί μισθώσασθαι εργάτας εις τον I Lord, forasmuch as ye know that αμπελώνα αυτού. .
your labour is not in vain in the Lord, For a the kingdom of heaven is like i Cor. xv. 58. Make you perfect in anto ba man that is an householder, I every good work to do his will, work
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MATT. XX. 1-4.
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ing in you that which is well-pleasing bave spoken unto thee: they have in his sight, through Jesus Christ ; to well said all that they have spoken. whom be glory for ever and ever. O that there were such an heart in Amen, Heb. xiii. 21. Ye also, as them, that they would fear me, and lively stones, are built up a spiritual keep all my commandments always, house, an holy priesthood, to offer up that it might be well with them, and spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God with their children for ever! Go say by Jesus Christ. Wherefore also it to them, Get you into your tents again, is contained in the Scripture, Behold, Deut. v. 27—30. I lay in Sion a chief corner-stone,
VER. 3. elect, precious : and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. Unto | άλλους εστώτας εν τη αγορα αργούς:
Και εξελθών περί την τρίτην ώραν, είδεν you therefore which believe he is pre
And he went out about the third hour, cious : but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders
and saw others a standing idle in the disallowed, the same is made the
marketplace. head of the corner. And a stone of
a Slothfulness casteth into a deep stumbling, and a rock of offence, even sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer to them which stumble at the word, hunger, Prov. xix. 15. Behold, this eing disobedient: whereunto also
was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom, they were appointed. But ye are a pride, fulness of bread, and abundance chosen generation, a royal priesthood, of idleness was in her and in her an holy nation, a peculiar people; daughters, neither did she strengthen that ye should shew forth the praises the hand of the poor and needy, Ezek. of him who hath called you out of xvi. 49. darkness into his marvellous light.
VER. 4. Which in time past were not a people,
Κάκείνοις είπεν: “Υπάγετε και υμείς είς but are now the people of God: which | τον αμπελώνα, και δ' εάν η δίκαιον, δώσω had not obtained mercy, but now have ipiv. obtained mercy, 1 Pet. ii. 5–10. And said unto them; a Go ye also into VER. 2.
the vineyard, b and whatsoever is right
I will give yout. And they went their Συμφωνήσας δε μετά των εργατών εκ
way. δηναρίου την ημέραν, απέστειλεν αυτούς εις τον αμπελώνα αυτού. .
a Know ye not, that to whom ye
yield yourselves servants to obey, his And when he han agreed with the servants ye are to whom ye obey ; labourers for a penny a day, he sent them whether of sin unto death, or of obeinto his vineyard.
dience unto righteousness? But God a But he answered one of them, and be thanked, that ye were the servants said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst of sin, but ye have obeyed from the not thou agree with me for a penny? heart that form of doctrine which was ver. 13. Now therefore, if ye will delivered unto you. Being then made obey my voice indeed, and keep my free from sin, ye became the servants covenant, then ye shall be a pe- of righteousness. I speak after the culiar treasure unto me above all peo. manner of men because of the inple: for all the earth is mine: And firmity of your flesh: for as ye have ye shall be unto me a kingdom of yielded your members servants to unpriests, and an holy nation. These are cleanness,and to iniquity unto iniquity; the words which thou shalt speak even so now yield your members serunto the children of Israel, Exod. xix. vants to righteousness unto holiness. 5, 6. Go thou near, and hear all | For when ye were the servants of sin, that the Lord our God shall say: and ye were free from righteousnes. What speak thou unto us all that the LORD fruit had ye then in those things our God shall speak unto thee; and we whereof ye are now ashamed for will hear it, and do it. And the LORD the end of those things is death. But heard the voice of your words, when now being made free from sin, and ye spake unto me; and the Lord said become servants to God, ye have your unto me, I have heard the voice of fruit unto holiness, and the end ever. the words of this people, which they lasting life, Rom. vi. 16–22. And