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A. D. 33.

MATT. XXVI. 26-28.

A. D. 33.

he that eateth of this bread shall live testament, which is b shed for many for ever, 47–58. For as often as ye for the remission of sins. eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come.

a And he took the book of the Wherefore whosoever shall eat this covenant, and read in the audience of bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, the people: and they said, All that unworthily, shall be guilty of the body the LORD hath said will we do, and be and blood of the Lord. But let a man

obedient. And Moses took the blood, examine himself, and so let him eat and sprinkled it on the people, and of that bread, and drink of that cup. said, Behold the blood of the coveFor he that eateth and drinketh un nant, which the LORD hath made with worthily, eateth and drinketh damna- you concerning all these words, Exod. tion to himself, not discerning the xxiv. 7, 8. For the life of the flesh is Lord's body, 1 Cor. xi. 26–29. in the blood : and I have given it to

d Then take of them again, and cast you upon the altar to make an atonethem into the midst of the fire, and ment for your souls : for it is the blood burn them in the fire ; for thereof shall that maketh an atonement for the a fire come forth into all the house of soul, Lev. xvii. 11. Behold, the days Israel. Thus saith the Lord God; come, saith the LORD, that I will This is Jerusalem : I have set it in the make a new covenant with the house midst of the nations and countries that of Israel, and with the house of Juare round about her, Ezek. v. 4, 5. dah, Jer. xxxi, 31. As for thee also, And did all drink the same spiritual by the blood of thy covenant I have drink: for they drank of that spiritual sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit Rock that followed them : and that where there is no water, Zech. ix. 11. Rock was Christ, 1 Cor. x. 4. Which And he said unto them, This is my things are an allegory: for these are blood of the new testament, which is the two covenants; the one from the shed for many, Mark xiv. 24. Likemount Sinai, which gendereth to bon- wise also the cup after supper, saydage, which is Agar. For this Agar ing, This cup is the new testament is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answer in my blood, which is shed for you, eth to Jerusalem which now is, and Luke xxii. 20. After the same manis in bondage with her children, Gal. ner also he took the cup, when he had iv. 24, 25.

supped, saying, This cup is the new

testament in my blood : this do ye, VER. 27.

as oft as ye drink it, in rememKai daßày tò motupicy, sal sixapo tha brance of me, 1 Cor. xi. 25. How σας, έδωκεν αυτοίς, λέγων· πίετε εξ αυτού | much more shall the blood of Christ, πάντες

who through the eternal Spirit offered And a he took the cup, and gave

himself without spot to God, purge tkanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink your conscience from dead works to ye all of it ;

serve the living God? And for this

cause he is the Mediator of the new a And he took the cup, and when testament, that by means of death, for he had given thanks, he gave it to the redemption of the transgressions them : and they all drank of it. And that were under the first testament, they he said unto them, This is my blood which are called might receive the of the new testament, which is shed promise of eternal inheritance. For for many, Mark xiv. 23, 24. Like- where a testament is, there must also wise also the cup after supper, saying, of necessity be the death of the tesThis cup is the new testament in my tator. For a testament is of force blood, which is shed for you, Luke after men are dead : otherwise it is of xxii. 20.

no strength at all whilst the testator VER. 28.

liveth. Whereupon neither the first tesΤούτο γάρ έστι το αίμα μου, το της For when Moses had spoken every

tament was dedicated without blood : καινής διαθήκης, το σερί πολλών εκχυνό- precept to all the people according to μενον εις άφεσιν αμαρτιών.

the law, he took the blood of calves For this is a my blood of the new and of goats, with water, and scarlet

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXVI. 28, 29.

A. D. 33.

wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both through his blood, the forgiveness of the book, and all the people, saying, sins, according to the riches of his This is the blood of the testament grace, Eph. i. 7. In whom we have which God hath enjoined unto you. redemption through his blood, even Moreover he sprinkled likewise with the forgiveness of sins, Col. i. 14. blood both the tabernacle, and all the And, having made peace through the vessels of the ministry. And almost blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things are by the law purged with all things unto himself; by him, I say, blood; and without shedding of blood whether they be things in earth, or is no remission, Heb. ix. 14--22. For things in heaven, 20. And almost all it is not possible that the blood of bulls things are by the law purged with and of goats should take away sins. blood ; and without shedding of blood Wherefore when he cometh into the lis no remission, Heb. ix. 22. So world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering | Christ was once offered to bear the thou wouldest not, but a body hast sins of many; and unto them that thou prepared me : In burnt offer- look for him shall he appear the seings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had cond time without sin unto salvation, no pleasure. Then said I, Lo, I come 28. And he is the propitiation for (in the volume of the book it is written our sins : and not for ours only, but of me,) to do thy will, O God. Above also for the sins of the whole world, when he said, Sacrifice and offering 1 John ii. 2. After this I behold, and burnt offerings and offering for and, lo, a great multitude, which no sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst man could number, of all nations, and pleasure therein; which are offered by kindreds, and people, and tongues, the law; Then said he, Lo, I come to do stood before the throne, and before thy will, O God. He taketh away the the Lamb, clothed with white robes, first, that he may establish the second. and palms in their hands, Rev. vii. 9. By the which will we are sanctified And one of the elders answered, saythrough the offering of the body of Je- ing unto me, What are these which are aus Christ once for all. And every arrayed in white robes ? and whence Priest standeth daily ministering and came they? And I said unto him, offering oftentimes the same sacri. Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, fices, which can never take away sins: These are they which came out of But this man, after he had offered one great tribulation, and have washed sacrifice for sins, for ever sat down their robes, and made them white in on the right hand of God; From the blood of the Lamb, 13, 14. henceforth expecting till his enemies

VER. 29. be made his footstool. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them εκ τούτου του γεννήματος της αμπέλου,

Λέγω δε υμίν, ότι ου μη πίσω απ' άρτι that are sanctified, x. 4-14. Now εως της ημέρας εκείνης, όταν αυτό πίνω μεθ' the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that | υμών καινόν εν τη βασιλεία του σατός

fuou. great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,

But I say unto you, a I will not drink xiii. 20.

henceforth of this fruit of the vine, b unb Even as the Son of man came not

til that day when I drink it new c with to be ministered unto, but to minister, you in my Father's kingdom, and to give his life a ransom for ma a Verily I say unto you, I will drink ny, Matt. xx. 28. But not as the of- no more of the fruit of the vine, until fence, so also is the free gift. For if that day that I drink it new in the through the offence of one many be kingdom of God, Mark xiv. 25. And dead, much more the grace of God, he said unto them, With desire have and the gift by grace, which is by one I desired to eat this Passover with man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded you before I suffer: For I say unto unto many, Rom. v. 15. For as by you, I will not any more eat thereof, one man's disobedience many were until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of made sinners, so by the obedience of God. And he took the cup, and gave one shall many be made righteous, thanks, and said, Take this, and di19. In whom we have redemption vide it among yourselves : For I say VOL. I.


A. D. 33.

MATT. XXVI. 29–31.

A.D. 33.

unto you, I will not drink of the of Olives, Mark xiv. 26. Speaking to fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of yourselves in psalms and hymns and God shall come, Luke xxii. 15-18. spiritual songs, singing and making

b For 1 say unto you, I will not melody in your heart to the Lord; drink of the fruit of the vine, until Giving thanks always for all things the kingdom of God shall come, Luke unto God and the Father in the name xiii. 18. For where two or three are of our Lord Jesus Christ, Ephes. v. 19, gathered together in my name, there 20. Let the word of Christ dwell in am I in the midst of them,Matt. xviii. you richly in all wisdom ; teaching and 20. Teaching them to observe all admonishing one another in psalms things whatsoever I have commanded and hymns and spiritual songs, singing you: and, lo, I am with you alway, with grace in your hearts to the Lord. even unto the end of the world, xxviii. And whatsoever ye doin word or deed, 20. And ye now therefore have sor- do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, row: but I will see you again, and giving thanks to God and the Father your heart shall rejoice, and your joy by him, Col. ii. 16, 17. no man taketh from you, John xvi. 22. b And he came out, and went as he

c Then shall the righteous shine was wont, to the mount of Olives; forth as the sun in the kingdom of and his disciples also followed him, their Father. Who hath ears to hear, Luke xxii. 39. But that the world let him hear, Matt. xiii. 43. Then shall may know that I love the Father; the King say unto them on his right and as the Father gave me commandhand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, ment, even so I do. Arise, let us go inherit the kingdom prepared for you hence, John xiv. 31. When Jesus from the foundation of the world, had spoken these words, he went xxv. 34. Fear not, little flock; for it forth with his disciples over the brook is your Father's good pleasure to give Cedron, where was a garden, into the you the kingdom, Luke xii. 32. For which he entered, and his disciples. Ỉ say unto you, I will not drink of the And Judas also, wbich betrayed him, fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of knew the place : for Jesus ofttimes God shall come, xxii. 18. And I ap- resorted thither with his disciples. point unto you a kingdom, asmy Father Judas then, having received a band hath appointed'unto me; That ye may of men and officers from the Chief eat and drink at my table in my king- Priests and Pharisees, cometh thither dom, and sit on thrones judging the with lanterns and torches and weatwelve tribes of Israel, 29, 30. For the pons. Jesus therefore, knowing all Lamb which is in the midst of the throne things that should come upon him, shall feed them, and shall lead them went forth, and said unto them, unto living fountains of waters: and Whom seek ye? xviii. 1-4. God shall wipe away all tears from

VER, 31. their eyes, Rev. vii. 17.

Τότε λέγει αυτοίς ο Ιησούς: Πάντες VER. 30.

υμείς σκανδαλισθήσεσθε εν εμοί εν τη νυχτι Και υμνήσαντες, εξήλθον εις το όρος των | ταύτη γέγραπται γάρ Πατάξω τον ποι{aatsv.

μένα, και διασκορπισθήσεται τα πρόβατα And a when they had sung an *hymn, rñc aciuerns. they went out into bthe mount of Olives. Then saith Jesils unto them, a All ye * Or, psalm.

shall be offended because of me this night: a Sing aloud unto God our strength : for it is written, I will smite the shepmake a joyful noise unto the God of herd, Cand the sheep of the flock shall Jacob. Take a psalm, and bring hi- be scattered abroad. ther the timbrel, the pleasant harp a Butall this was done, that the Scripwith the psaltery. Blow up the trum tures of the prophets might be fulpet in the new moon, in the time ap- filled. Then all the disciples forsook pointed, on our solemn feast day. him, and fled, ver. 56. And blessed is For this was a statate for Israel, and, he, whosoever shall not be offended in a law of the God of Jacob, Psal. Ixxxi. me, xi. 6. And Jesus saith unto them, 144. And when he had sung an All ye shall be offended because of me hymn, they went out into the mount this night: for it is written, I will

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXVI. 31-33.

A. D. 33.

smité the shepherd, and the sheep was scattered upon all the face of the shall be scattered. But after that I earth, and none did search or seek am risen, I will go before you into after them, Ezek. xxxiv. 5, 6. Galilee, Mark xiv. 27, 28. And the

VER. 32. Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Sa Μετά δε το εγερθήναι με, προάξω υμάς tan hath desired to have you, that he sis man saninaiay. may sift you as wheat : But I bave prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not:

But after a I am risen again, b I will and when thou art converted, strength - go before you into Galilee. en thy brethren, Luke xxii. 31, 32.

a See on chap. xyi. ver 21. clause 3. Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now

b He is not here : for he is risen, as come, that

he said. Come, see the place where ye

shall be scattered, every the Lord lay. And go quickly, and, man to his own, and shall leave me alone : and yet I am not alone, because tell his disciples that he is risen from the Father is with me, John xvi. 32.

the dead; and, behold, he goeth be

fore bYet it pleased the LORD to bruise

you into Galilee; there shall ye him ; he hath put him to grief: when xxviii. 6,7. Then the eleven disciples

see him : lo, I have told you, Matt. thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall tain where Jesus had appointed them,

went away into Galilee, into a mounprolong his days, and the pleasure of 16. But go your way, tell his discithe Lord shall prosper in his hand, Isa. liii. 10. Awake, O sword, against ples and Peter that he goeth before my shepherd, and against the man

you into Galilee: there shall ye see that is my fellow, saith the LORD of 7. After these things Jesus shewed

him, as he said unto you, Mark xvi. hosts : smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered : and I will himself again to the disciples at the turn mine band upon the little ones, shewed he himself, John vi. 1.

sea of Tiberias: and on this wise Zech. xii. 7. < He hath put my brethren far from

VER. 33. me, and mine acquaintance are verily Αποκριθείς δε ο Πέτρος, είπεν αυτώ Εί Θstranged from me. My kinsfolk have | και πάντες σκανδαλισθήσονται εν σοι, εγώ failed, and my familiar friends have démoTE onardano Bhoomas. forgotten me. They that dwell in Peter answered and said unto him, mine house, and my maids, count aThough all men shall be offended beme for a stranger: I am an alien in cause of thee, byet will I never be oftheir sight. I called my servant, and fended. he gave me no answer; I intreated a But Peter said unto him, Although him with my mouth, Job xix. 13 all shall be offended, yet will not I, —16. My lovers and my friends Mark xiv. 29. And he said unto him, stand aloof from my sore; and my Lord, I am ready to go with thee, kinsmen stand afar off, Psal. xxxviii

. both into prison, and to death, Luke 11. Reproach hath broken my heart; xxii. 33. Simon Peter said unto and I am full of heaviness: and I him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus looked for some to take pity, but there answered him, Whither I go, thou was none; and for comforters, but I canst not follow me now; but thou found none, lxix. 20. Lover and shalt follow me afterwards. Peter friend hast thou put far from me, and said unto him, Lord, why cannot I mine acquaintance into darkness, follow thee now? I will lay down my lxxxviii. 18. I called for my lovers, life for thy sake, John xii. 36, 37. but they deceived me: my priests and b Hold up my goings in thy paths, mine elders gave up the ghost in the that my footsteps slip not, Psal. xvii. city, while they sought their meat to 5. Uphold me according unto thy relieve their souls, Lam. i. 19. And word, that I may live: and let me they were scattered, because there is not be ashamed of my hope. Hold no shepherd : and they became meat thou me up, and I shall be safe : and to all the beasts of the field, when they I will have respect unto thy statutes were scattered. My sheep wander- continually, cxix. 116, 117. Pride geed through all the mountains, and eth before destruction, and an haughmpon every high hill : yea, my flock ty spirit before a fall. Better it is

A. D. 33.

MATT. XXVI. 33–38.

A. D. 33.

to be of an humble spirit with the a And they came to a place which lowly, than to divide the spoil with was named Gethsemane: and he saith the proud, Prov. xvi. 18, 19. Most to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I men will proclaim every one his own shall pray, Mark xiv. 32. And he goodness : but a faithful man who can came out, and went, as he was wont, find ? xx. 6. The heart is deceitful to the mount of Olives; and his disabove all things, and desperately wick- ciples also followed him, Luke xxii. ed: who can know it? Jer. xvii. 9. 39. When Jesus had spoken these

words, he went forth with his disciVER. 34. "Έφη αυτώ ο Ιησούς: 'Αμήν λέγω σοι, ότι ples over the brook Cedron, where év taúon tñ vuxri a pio åréutoga pornoan, tered, and his disciples, John xviii. 1.

was a garden, into the which he enτρίς απαρνήση με. Jesus said unto him, aVerily I say he had offered up prayers and suppli

b Who in the days of his flesh, when into thee, That this night, before the cations with strong crying and tears cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.

unto him that was able to save him a And Jesus saith unto him, Verily from death, and was heard in that he I say unto thee, That this day, even feared, Heb. v. 7. in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice, Mark

VER. 37. xiv. 30. And he said, I tell thee,

Και παραλαβών τον Πέτρου και τους δύο Peter, the cock shall not crow this υιούς Ζεβεδαίου, ήρξατο λυπείσθαι και άδηday, before that thou shalt thrice deny recovery. that thou knowest me, Luke xxii. 34. And he took with him a Peter and the Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay two sons of Zebedee, and began to be bsordown thy life for my sake? Verily, rowful and very heavy. verily, I say unto thee, The cock shali

a See on Matt. xvii. ver. 1. clauses not crow, till thou hast denied me 1, 2. thrice, John xiii. 38.

6 And he taketh with him Peter and VER. 35.

James and John, and began to be sore Aéyei aita ó nétpos• Kậu Sén je oùv amazed, and to be very heavy. And ooi dobaveiv, csapapunoquar

. Oucí- saith unto them, My soul is exceeding ως και πάντες οι μαθηται είσον.

sorrowful unto death ; tarry ye here Peter said unto him, a Though I should and watch, Mark xiv. 33, 34. Now die with thee, yet will I not deny thee. is my soul troubled ; and what shall I Likewise also said all the disciples.

say? Father, save me from this hour :

but for this cause came I unto this a Happy is the man that feareth alway : but he that hardeneth his hour, John xii. 27. heart shall fall into mischief, Prov.

VER. 38. xxviii. 14. A man's pride shall bring Τότε λέγει αυτούς: Περίλυπός εστιν ή him low : but honour shall uphold the ψυχή μου έως θανάτου μείνατε ώδε, και humble in spirit, xxix. 23. Where- ronyogeite Met' épo. fore let him that thinketh he standeth,

Then saith he unto them, a My soul is take heed lest he fall, 1 Cor. x, 18. exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have "tarry ye here, and watch with me. always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my ab- him; he hath put him to grief: when

a Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise sence, work out your own salvation thou shalt make his soul an offering with fear and trembling, Phil. ii. 12.

for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall VER. 36.

prolong his days, and the pleasure of Τότε έρχεται μετ' αυτών ο Ιησούς εις | the LoRD shall prosper in his hand, χωρίον λεγόμενον Γεθσημανή και λέγει τοϊς | Isa. liii. 10. He that spared not his μαθηταίς: Καθίσατε αυτού, έως ου ασελθών | own Son, but delivered him up for us προσεύξωμαι εκεί. .

all, how shall be not with him also Then cometh Jesus with them unto a a freely give us all things? Rom. viii. 32. place called Gethsemane, and saith unto For he hath made him to be sin for us, the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and who knew sin; that we might be

made the righteousness of God in

pray yonder.

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