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6 need of them;" and straight-|| est !” And when he was come 10. 4. " way he will send them.” All into Jerusalem, all the city was

this was done, that it might be moved, saying, “ Who is this ?" 11.

fulfilled which was spoken by the || And the multitude said, “ This 5. prophet, saying, (d) Tell ye the 6 is Jesus, the prophet of Naza.

“ daughter of Sion, Behold, thy “ reth of Galilee." And Jesus 12. “ King cometh unto thee, meek, went into the temple of God, and " and sitting upon an ass, and a cast out all them that sold and « colt the foal of an ass.” And bought in the temple, and over

the disciples went, and did as threw the tables of the money7. Jesus commanded them, and changers, and the seats of them

brought the ass, and the colt, and that sold doves; and said unto put on them their clothes, and them, “ It is written, “ My (e) 13. they set him thereon. And a 6 house shall be called the house very great multitude spread their || “ of prayer ; but ye have made garments in the way; others cut “ it a den of thieves." down branches from the trees, and strawed them in the way. And the multitudes that went be

Second Sunday in Advent. fore, and that followed, cried,

The Collect. saying, “ Hosannah to the Son BLESSED Lord, who hast caused “ of David! Blessed is he that all holy Scriptures to be written “ cometh in the Name of the || for our learning ; Grant that we " Lord; Hosannah in the High | may in such wise hear them, read,

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(d) Tell,” &c. This prophecy is in Zech. ix. 9. The passage is, “ Rejoice “ greatly, o daughter of Zion : Shout “ O daughter of Jerusalem: Behold thy “ King cometh unto thee ; he is just, “ and having salvation : lowly, and rid“ ing upon an ass, and upon a colt the « foal of an ass; and I will cut off the “ chariot from Ephraim, and the horse “ from Jerusalem, and the battle bow " shall be cut off : and he shall speak " peace unto the heathen,” &c. This was calculated to shew that his was not to be a kingdom of worldly pomp or grandeur.

(e) “My house." Is. lvi. 7. God says, “ My house shall be made a house of “ prayer for all people ;” and Jer, vii.li. he asks, “ Is this house, which is called “ by my name, become a den of robbers “ in your eyes.” The recollection of this passage might suggest the expression our Saviour used.

St. Matthew goes on to state, that “the “blind and the lame came to him in the "temple, and he healed them ;" and St. Luke says, xix. 47. that he “ taught “ daily in the temple:” and thus may the

prophecy, Hagg. ii. 7. be considered as fulfilled : “ the desire of all nations” (i.e. the Messiah) “shall come, and I will fill “ this house with glory, saith the Lord " of Hosts. The silver is mine, and the “ gold is mine, saith the Lord of Hosts. ~ The glory of this latter house shall be “ greater than of the former, saith the “ Lord of Hosts, and in this place will “ I give peace, saith the Lord of Hosts." This prophecy was delivered after the temple built by Solomon had been de. stroyed, and whilst the building of the second temple (after the return from the Babylonish captivity) was going forward. This second temple was greatly inferior to the first in splendour and magnificence; and it was only in having the presence of the Messiah, and being the scene of part of his miracles, and the school of his teaching, that its glory sur, passed, or was at all equal to, that of the former. The expressions, “ The silver or is mine," &c. were perhaps intended to intimate that the glory was not to be of that kind. Bishop Chandler has com. mented ably upon this prophecy, Chandler's Defence of Christianity, 86 to 101.

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mark, learn, and inwardly digest || other, as Christ also received us, them; that by patience, and com to (b) the glory of God. Now I 8 fort of thy holy Word, we may say that Jesus Christ was a minister embrace and ever hold fast the of the circumcision for the truth blessed hope of everlasting life, of God, to confirm the promises which thou hast given us in our made unto the fathers; And that 9. Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen. the Gentiles might glorify God

for his mercy; as it is written, The Epistle. Rom. xv. 4. (f) • For (i) this cause I will confess Whatsoever things were writ. “ to thee among the Gentiles, and ten aforetime were written for “ sing unto thy Name." And I. our learning, that we through again he saith, “ (k) Rejoice, ye

patience and comfort of the Scrip " Gentiles, with his people.” 5. tures might have hope. Now And again, (1) Praise the Lord, 11.

the God of patience and conso “ all ye Gentiles; and laud him, lation grant you to be (g) like « all ye people.” And again, 12.

minded one toward another, ac Esaias saith, “(m) There shall be 6. cording to Christ Jesus ; that ye " a root of Jesse, and he that

may with one mind and one 6 shall rise to reign over the mouth glorify God, even the " Gentiles ; in him shall the

Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. " Gentiles trust." Now the God 13. 7. Wherefore receive ye one an of hope fill you with all joy and

(s) of the Converts at Rome, some thought themselves still bound to observe the mosaical ordinances, and to make a difference in days and meats, &c.; others considered themselves freed from such restraints. Saint Paul's object is to prevent all dissensions between them upon such points, to take away from Jews and Gentiles all occasions of contest, and to induce both to unite cordially in glorifying God. He reminds them, that it was to confirm the promises made unto the Fathers, that Christ's ministry was amongst the Jews; and that it was of mere mercy to the Gentiles, and not of right, that the benefit of our Saviour's coming was extended to the Gentiles, though this was also foretold in many parts of Scripture. That neither Jew nor Gentile therefore was to overvalue himself, inasmuch as it was not of right as from their own merit that either was admitted to the blessings of Christianity, but they were offered to the one because of a promise to that effect from God to their forefathers, and to the other because of the predetermined mercy and grace of God, and that neither Jew nor Gentile should despise the other, because God, who best could judge, had thought

each worthy of having these blessings
offered to them.

“() Like-minded," i.e. giving up to 8. 5.
your neighbour in unessential points to
produce unanimity, “ that they might
ir with one mind and one mouth glorify

God." He had just been stating,
that “they who were strong should bear
“ the infirmities of the weak, and not
“ please themselves ;” that“ each should
“ please his neighbour for his good to
“ edification ;" and that “even Christ
“ Jesus pleased not himself.” He here
therefore proposes that they should fol.
low this his example, and be like-minded,
&c. according to him, that is, as he was,
studying to prevent dissensions, not seek
ing his own gratification. In Philipp.iv. 2.
St. Paul beseeches Euodias and Syntyche
to be of the " same mind in the Lord;"
and Rom. xii. 16. he exhorts the converts
to be of the same "mind one towards an-
“ other,” i e. to have “unanimity."

(1) “ To the glory, &c. “ making v.%. “ 'God's glory the object."

() “ For this cause, &cThis is v.9.
transcribed from Ps. xviii.49. The cause re-
lates to God's protection mentioned there.

(d) “ Rejoice.” Deut. xxxii. 43. 0.10.
(1) “ Praise &c.” Ps.cxvii. 1.
(m) "There shall be, &c.”Is.xi. 10.

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peace in believing, that ye may || “ perplexity; the sea and the sound in hope, through the “ waves roaring; men's hearts 26, power of the Holy Ghost. 6 failing them for fear, and for

“ looking after those thingswhich The Gospel. Luke xxi. 25. (n) 66 are coming on the earth : for * And there shall be signs in " the powers of heaven shall be 4 the sun, and in the moon, and 66 shaken. And then shall they 27.

in the stars; and upon the “ see the Son of man (0) coming earth distress of nations, with 66 in a cloud with power and great

(s) This is part of our Saviour's account therefore, of the day of the Lord, and the of what should precede the great event tremendous vengeance then to be exe. of his vengeance upon the opposers of cuted, were strongly foretold, and it was tas religion, so often referred to as “the natural that the people should be desirous & day of the Lord,” “the coming of the of knowing more particularly when this * Lord,” &c. According to Isaiah ixi.2. great event should take place, and what the Messiah was to proclaim, not only would be the marks of its approach, * the acceptable year of the Lord, Our Saviour had told them, that the but also “ the day of vengeance of our days should come in which there should * God.” Joel ji. I to it. speaks at not be left one stone upon another in large of the terrors of the day of the Lord, their magnificent temple which should and of the strength of the people who not be thrown down : and they took should be employed as instruments in that occasion to ask him, “ When should God's hand, to inflict them. Zeph.i. 1 “ these things be, and what sign would 19 to 18. mentions the great day of the " there be when these things should Lord as a day of “wrath, a day of trouble os come to pass" In answer to this " and distress, a day of wasteness and question, he gives the account of which

desolation, a day of darkness and the passage selected for this day's Gog. "gloominess, a day of clouds and thick pel is part The destruction of Jerusa# darkness, a day of the trumpet and lem accordingly occurred about 37 years " alarm against the fenced cities and after our Saviour's crucifixion ; an im* against the high towers," and says, mense number of Jews, 1,400,000, were that “ the whole land shall be devoured slain there and in other parts of Judæa, " by the fire of God's jealousy, for he and the temple was so utterly destroyed, " shall make even a speedy riddance of that its very foundations were dug up. u all them that dwell in the land.” In A full account of the destruction of JeZech. xi. 8, 9. “ It shall come to pass, rusalem is to be met with in the Jewish " that in all the land, saith the Lord, two writer Josephus. See post, note on Matt. "parts therein shall be cut off and die,” xxiv. 31. and Malachi, besides the passage Mal. iii.2. (0) - Coming in a cloud.” When the 0.37. (ante, p. 26.) says, in ch.iv. “Behold the high priest adjured our Saviour to say * day cometh that shall burn as an oven, whether he was the Christ, the Son of

and all the proud, yea, and all that do God Matt.xxvi.63.our Saviour told him, " wickedly shall be stubble; and the that hereafter they should " see the Son of * day that cometh shall burn them up, “ Man sitting on the right hand of Power, " saith the Lord of Hosts, that it shall “ and coming in the clouds of heaven.". # leave them neither root nor branch ; Both passages perhaps refer to Dan. vii. * but unto you that fear my name shall 13. “ I saw in the night visions; and be# the Sun of Righteousness arise, with “ hold, one like the Son of Man came * bealing in his wings.” Lastly, John “ with the clouds of heaven, and came the Baptist describes our Saviour, “ to the Antient of Days” (viz. God), Matt. iii. 12. as one “ whose fan is in his " and there was given him dominion, and " hand, and he will thoroughly purge “ glory, and a kingdom, that all people, " his floor, and gather his wheat into the « nations, and languages should serve “ garner ; but he will burn up the chaff " him : his dominion is an everlasting " with unquenchable fire." See also 1 “ dominion, which shall not pass away, Ps. ï. 9. and xxi. 8, 9. The character, “ and his kingdom that which shall not

28. “ glory. And when these things | “ but my words shall not pas .." begin to come to pass, then ll 6 away.

look up, and lift up your

“ heads; for your (p) redemption 29. “ draweth nigh.” And he spake

Third Sunday in Advent. to them a parable; “ Behold,

The Collect. “ the figtree, and all the trees; O LORD Jesu Christ, who at 30. “ when they now shoot forth, ye thy first coming didst send thy

“ see and know of your own messenger to prepare thy way “ selves that summer is now nigh before thee; Grant that the

at hand. So likewise ye, when ministers and stewards of thy mys" ye see these things come to teries may likewise so prepare and

pass, know ye that the King make ready thy way, by turning • dom of God is nigh at hand. the hearts of the disobedient to

Verily I say unto you, This (9) the wisdom of the just ; that at “ generation shall not pass away thy second coming to judge the “ till all be fulfilled. Heaven | world, we may be found an ac“ and earth shall pass away; ceptable people in thy sight, who

“ be destroyed :" and the meaning in language is the same as here, “ This geboth passages may be, that what then “ neration shall not pass, till all these occurs shall be decisive proof from God " things be fulfilled." St. Matthew and that Jesus Christ was the true Messiah. St. John, from being constant attendants

See post, note on Matt, xxiv. 30. on our Saviour, were not likely to be 0.28. - () “Your redemption.” The destruc. deceived as to his words, and Mat

tion of their enemies and persecutors thew's Gospel was published before would of itself make a material difference the destruction of Jerusalem, and so were in their condition. See note on the word St. Mark's and St. Luke's, which con

“Salvation,” Rom. xiii. 11. ante, p.25. tain similar passages. Mark xiii. 30.0. 32. (g) “ This generation, &c.” This was Luke ix. 27. The accomplishment, there

a pledge which in a limited time would fore, of this vengeance, or permitting its
bring our Saviour's pretensions to a de. accomplishment, within the period our
cisive test. He claimed to be the Mes Saviour specified, is an attestation by
siah, and as one proof of it took upon God himself that our Saviour really was
himself repeatedly to say, that before what he pretended to be. It is of use to
the generation of men then living should advert to the proofs of the truth of our
be removed from the earth, this great religion, because it enables us to give a
event of his coming should occur. In reason for the hope that is in us, and
Matt. x. 23. he assures his apostles, where such abundant proof is supplied,
" that they shall not have gone over the God has shewn that he expects belief.
« cities of Israel till the Son of Man The signal vengeance he took upon
« shall come.” In Matt. xvi. 28. he those who did not attend to the proofs
says, " there be some standing here, he gaye, or opposed the progress of the
“ which shall not taste of death, till they religion he sanctioned, should teach us
“ see the Son of Man coming in his what we may expect if we reject this re-
“ kingdom.” In speaking of St. John, ligion, or act in defiance of its precepts.
John xxi. 22. our Saviour says, “ If I God, who is the same yesterday, to-day,
“ will that he tarry till I come, what is and for ever, will probably in his own
" that to thee ;” and accordingly St. time, and in his own way, punish as
John survived the destruction of Jerusa severely the unbelievers and opposers
lem, that great coming of our Lord : of his religion of other times. Bishop
and in Matt. xxiv. 34. where that Apostle Porteus's Lectures on the parallel Pro-
gives his account of what our Saviour || phecy in St. Matthew are well worth
said as to the signs of his coming, the ll consulting. See Lectures 19 and 20.

Best and reignest with the Father | tified: but he that judgeth me is : ad the Holy Spirit, ever one | the Lord. Therefore (y) judge no- 5. God, world without end. Amen. I thing before the time, until(z) the

Lord come, who both will bring The Epistle. i Cor. iv. 1. (-) to light the hidden things of dark.. Let a man so account of us, as

ness, and will make manifest the of the (s)ministers of Christ, and

counsels of the hearts: and then stewards of the mysteries of God.

shall every man have (a) praise of .. Moreover, it is required in stew

God. ards, that a man be found (t) faith3. ful. But with me it is a very small

The Gospel. Matt. xi. 2. thing that I should be judged (u) Now when (6) John had heard in of you, or of man's judge the prison the works of Christ, he ment; yea, I judge not mine own sent (c) two of his disciples, and self: for I know nothing (x) by said unto him, “ Art thou he (d) 3. myself; yet am I not hereby jus " that should come, or do we look

0.2.

(-) St. Paul had blamed the Corinthian || living, should pass away. See ante, converts in the preceding Chapter for p. 30, on Luke xxi. 32. ranking themselves under different teach (a)“ Praise, &c." Whoever really was v. 5. ers, one saying, “ I am of Paul, another, praise-worthy should have it from him, * I am of Apollos, a third I am of Ce who alone knows by whom it is deserved,, " phas or Peter,” and so on ; and he even from God. therefore desires them to think of the (6) John," i. e. the Baptist apostles, not as persons seeking their own (c) “ Sent.” It is supposed that John glory, and wishing to have sects after sent this message not for his own sake, or to their own names, but as ministers and satisfy any doubts he had, but for the sake subordinate officers, looking to the glory of his Apostles ; he had seen the Spirit of God and Jesus Christ only, and wish of God descending on cur Saviour at his ng to unite all the converts under Christ baptism, and had heard the voice from zlode.

heaven, saying, “This is my beloved Son, 6.1. 6)* Ministers," i.e. only as ministers, “in whom I am well pleased.” Matt.iii.

acting for another master, even Christ. 16, 17. How then could he doubt? 5.2. (1) " Faithful,” and therefore not as (d) “ He that should come.” There v. 2.

soming to themselves what belongs to was a general expectation at this time of that tester.

the Messiah's coming: Daniel had stated 9. 3. (8) * Judged,” i.e. perhaps “ esti expressly (Dan. ix.25.) that from the go. “ mated, valued.”

ing forth of the commandment “to restore (x)" By myself,” rather, “ against my « and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah "self." Hamm. on N.T.519. i Clarke's

“ the Prince, should be seven weeks, and Attrib. 258. The meaning perhaps is, “ threescore and two weeks,” and this though I know nothing against myself, time (reckoning a day for a year, which that is not a ground on which I can con is the method in the calculation of prosider myself justified; for I must be phetic times) was nearly, if not fully arjudged by God, who, according to rived. This expectation, with the misI John iii. 21. " is greater than our take that the Messiah's kingdom was to

“ hearts, and knoweth all things." be of this world, probably occasioned the Logo () “ Judge nothing." See post, note well known passages in Suetonius,Tacitus, on Luke vi. 37.

and Josephus, that “the sacred books of B.j. (z) « Until the Lord come.” This “the Jews foretold, that at that time some

might allude to the great coming of our “ one from Judæa should obtain the empire Saviour to take vengeance on the unbe “of the world.” T'here are also passages lieving Jews, &c. which our Saviour in Virgil, which probably owe their origin had predicted should occur before that to this cause. See Note on John i. 21. post. generation, the generation of men then and Virgil's 4th Eclogue.

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