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Psalm cxv. (9)

9 (u) But thou house of Israel, Not unto us, O Lord, not unto

trust thou in the Lord : he is their us, but unto thy Name give the succour and defence, praise : for thy loving mercy,

10 Ye house of Aaron, put and for thy truth's sake.

your trust in the Lord : he is their 2 Wherefore shall the heathen helper and defender. say : " Where (r) is now their ii Ye that fear the Lord, put so God?"

your trust in the Lord : he is 3 As for our God, he is in their helper and defender. heaven : he hath done whatsoever 12 The Lord hath been mindpleased him.

ful of us, and he shall bless us : 4 Their idols (s) are silver and even he shall bless the house of gold : even the work of men's || Israel, he shall bless the house of hands.

Aaron. 5 They have mouths, and speak | 13 He shall bless them that fear not : eyes have they, and see not. the Lord : both small and great.

6 They have ears, and hear 14 The Lord shall increase you not ; noses have they, and smell more and more ; you and your not,

children. 7 They have hands, and handle 15 Ye are the blessed of the not; feet have they, and walk

Lord (x) : who made heaven and not : neither speak they through || earth. their throat.

16 All the whole heavens are 8 They that make them, are

the Lord's : the earth hath he like (t) unto them ; and so are all given to the children of men. such as put their trust in them, 17 The dead () praise not

(9) Upon the transcendent power of “ light; but the passage in Isaiah, God, the power of him who is in heaven, “ (Is. xliv. 13. &c.) far exceeds any who made heayen and earth, and the im " thing ever written on the subject, i potence of idols. It was probably either | “ force of argument, energy of exprti a triumphal song after some success over " sion, and elegance of compositios." the heathen, or a confident application 2 Lowth's Is. 279. The circumstance

D. 4.

to God upon some attack by them. of the Jews made these attacks upon idol V.2. (r) “ Where,” &c. This was pro: worship highly proper, lest from the

bably a common insult from the heathen intercourse with other nations they when any calamities fell upon the Israel should be drawn in to follow thetr eso ites. (See note on Ps. lxxix. 9.)

ample, (s). Their idols," &c. A similar ri 1) « Like, &c. i, e. having está, e.& dicule of the heathen idols occurs, Ps, and yet not seeing, &c. cxxxv. 13, and the folly of idol worship (u) The former part of each of these 5. is finely derided in Is, xliv. 13 to 19, || verses was probably sung by one setor 14** So it is well satirized by Horace.

singers, the latter by another.. bi Olim truncus eram ficulnus, inutile lignum, (*) “ The Lord,” &c. i. e. that Lord as “ Cum faber, incertus scamnum, faceretne who had power to make heaven and « Priapum.

earth, contrasted with idols, who could - Maluit esse Deum." Lib. i. Sat, 8.

do nothing. Bishop Lowih says, “ The sacred (y) “The dead,” &c. It is whilflax ** se writers are generally large and elegant live, whilst we are in the enjoyment of “ upon the subject of idolatry; they God's blessings here that we ought to treat it with great severity, and set turn with thankfulness and praise to the so forth its absurdity in the strongest

yac strongest great giver of them. So Hezcaces

thee, O Lord : neither all they 5 Gracious (b) is the Lord,
that go down into silence.

and righteous : yea, our God
18 But we will praise the is merciful.
Lord : from this time forth for 6 The Lord preserveth the
evermore. Praise the Lord. simple : I was in misery, and he

helped me. .

7 Turn again then unto thy

rest, O my soul : for the Lord MORNING PRAYER. hath rewarded thee.

8 And why? thou hast dePsalm cxvi. (z)

livered my soul from death : mine I am well pleased : that the Lord eyes from tears, and my feet from hath heard the voice of my falling. prayer;

9 I will walk (c) before the 2 That he hath inclined his Lord : in the land of the living. ear unto me : therefore will 10 I believed, and therefore I call upon him as long as I will I (d) speak; but I was sore

troubled : I said in my haste, 3 The snares of death com All men are liars (e).' passed me round about : and the 11 What reward shall I give pains of hell gat hold upon me. unto the Lord : for all the bene.

4 I shall find (a) trouble and fits that he hath done unto me? heaviness; and I will call upon 12 I will receive the cup ( the Name of the Lord : 650 of salvation : and call upon the - Lord, I beseech thee, deliver Name of the Lord. 66 my soul.”

13 I will pay my vows (8) now

live.

when God had promised to lengthen his life, says, Is. xxxviii. 18, 19. “ The “ grave cannot praise thee, death cannot “ Celebrate thee ; the living, the living, « he shall praise thee, as I do this day." See also Ps. vi. 5.-XXX. 10.

(2) A thanksgiving for deliverance, with a resolution to make some public acknowledgement of it in the house of the Lord. It is one of the Psalms appointed to be read at the churching of

women.

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. (a) For “ shall find,” and “ I will

« call," the Bible translation is " found,"

and “ called," which seems right. v.5. (6)“ Gracious,” &c. This is the

acknowledgment that God attended to his prayer.

(c) < Will walk,” &c. The meaning probably is, in return for what God has · done for me, I will walk before him, that is, in his ways, as long as I live. There is nearly the same passage as this verse in Ps. lvi. 12, 13. and see the note there.

(d) For “ I will,” the reading should 0. 10. probably be “ did I."

(4) « Liars," i.e. (perhaps) deceit- v.10. ful, not to be depended upon. This Psalm might have been written after deliverance from some calamity in which the

writer's friends had abandoned him. An-
I other translation of this verse is as fol

lows: “ I believed that I should be lost,
6 for I was sore troubled; I said in my
fear, all my life is gone." See Ken-
micott and Street.

of)" The cup," &c. i. e. the cup the v.12.
Israelites used when they came to offer
sacrifice, and return thanks for any deli-
verance: it was called “ the cup of de-
“ liverance." The drink offering (Numb.
xxviii. 7.) was perhaps poured out of
it. Dr. Hammond says, they used one
cup of deliverance publicly, in the
temple, by way of public acknowledge-
ment, and another in their own families,
by way of private domestic thanks
giving
(8) « Pay my vows." This expreso 0.13.

in the presence (b) of all his | Lord's house, even in the midst people : right dear (i) in the of thee, O Jerusalem. Praise the sight of the Lord is the death of Lord. his saints.

Psalm cxvïi. (k) 14 Behold, O Lord, how that

O PRAISE the Lord, all ye I am thy servant : I am thy servant, and the son of thine hand

heathen (1) : praise him, all ye maid; thou hast broken my bonds

nations. in sunder.

2 For his merciful kindnes is . 15 I will offer to thee the sa

ever more and more towards e:

and the truth (m) of the Lord crifice of thanksgiving : and will

endureth for ever. Praise the call upon the Name of the Lord.

Lord. 16 I will pay my vows unto the Lord, in the sight of all his

Psalm cxviii. (n) people : in the courts of the O give thanks unto the Lord,

sion occurs, and is joined with giving of thanks, Ps. xxxi. 25.-1. 14.- lvi. 12.

Ixii. 8.-1xv, 1.—and lxvi. 12. 0.13.

(b) “ The presence,” &c. So in Ps. xxxv. 18. David promises, if God will give him deliverance, that he will give him thanks in the great congregation, meaning their great religious assembly.

See note on Ps. xxxv. 18. 0.13. (i) ~ Dear," i. e. precious, valuable,

he will not easily suffer them to perish, So Ps. lxxii. 14. “ he shall deliver their “ soul from falsehood and wrong, and « dear shall their blood be in his sight." So i Sam. xxvi. 21. when David spared to kill Saul in the cave, Saul said unto him, “ I will no more do thee harın, be. s6 cause my soul was precious in thine * eyes this day.” And 2 Kings i. 13. when Ahaziah's messenger deprecated Elijah's calling down fire from heaven to destroy him and the fifty men who accompanied him, he said, “ O man of God, I pray thee let my life and the “ life of these fifty thy servants, be

precious in thy sight."

7k) An invitation to all nations to come in to the worship of the true God, because of the blessings he confers upon his servants, and the fidelity with which he keeps his promises. It is not improbable that this Psalm was written either just after the return from the Babylonish captivity, about 536 years before the birth of Christ, when the prophecies of Jeremiah, that the captivity should last 70 years and no more, were just accomplished, (see note on Ps, cii. 13.) or

when the building of the last temple ..(about 445 years before the birth of

Christ) in fulfilment of the prophecy of Haggai (see ante 27. 64. 112. 189.) was finished. The completion of these prophecies might inspire the people with a conviction that God would in his own time fulfil all his other promises.

(1) Ye heathen." In Rom. IV. 11. where St. Paul is shewing that the Gentiles also were to be admitted to the be nefits of Christ's coming, and to form part of the true worshippers of God, he cites amongst other passages this verse, as shewing that so long back as the time of writing this Psalm, all the beatben, and all nations were called in to join on praising God, " as it is written, Praise " the Lord, ye Gentiles, and laud him « all ye people."

(m) « The truth,” &c. The first 45 promises (next to the general one, imme diately after the fall, Gen. ii. 15.) were to Abraham, Gen. xii. 3. “ In thee shal "all families of the earth be blessed," and Gen. xxii. 18. - In thy seed shall nations of the earth be blessed." ** same promise was repeated to Isak Gen. xxvi, 4. and to Jacob, GER xxviii. 14. so that though the Messtan was to be of the seed of Abraham, &c. the benefit of his coming was to exte to all mankind; and the meaning of t short Psalm may be, Let all nations com in to the praise and worship of God, for from what he has done for us and completion of some of his promise are assured his great promise, to him in whom all the nations of the ea shall be blessed, will surely come to pass

(n) A spirited triumphal hymn, upos some solemn procession in David

for he is gracious : because his | of the Lord will I c) destroy mercy endureth for ever.

them. 2 Let Israel now confess, that 11 They kept me in on every he is gracious : and that his mercy side ; they kept me in, I say, on endureth for ever.

every side : but in the Name of 3 Let the house of Aaron (0) the Lord will I destroy them. now confess : that his mercy en. 12 They came about me like dureth for ever.

bees, and are extinct (r) even as 4 Yea, let them now that fear the fire among the thorns : for the Lord confess : that his mercy in the Name of the Lord I will endureth for ever.

destroy them. 5 I called upon the Lord in 13 Thou hast (s) thrust sore trouble : and the Lord heard me at me, that I might fall : but the at large. ,

Lord was my help. 6 The Lord is on my side : 1 3.14 (t) The Lord is my strength will not fear what man doeth unto and my song : and is become my me.

salvation. 7 The Lord taketh my part 15 The voice of joy and health with them that help me : there is in the dwellings of the righfore shall I see my desire upon teous : the right hand of the mine enemies.

Lord bringeth mighty things to 8 (0) It is better to trust in the | Lord : than to put any confidence 16 The right hand of the in man.

Lord hath the pre-eminence : the 9 It is better to trust in the right hand of the Lord bringeth | Lord : than to put any confi. mighty things to pass. dence in princes.

17 I shall not die, but live : 10 All nations compassed me and declare the works of the round about : but in the Name Lord.

pass.

1

to the tabernacle, in which the ark of God was kept. It was probably written by David, either after some signal nietory, or after God had given him peace from all his enemies round about. It is one of the proper Psalms for Easter Day, perhaps because the Messiah met with as much opposition as David, though of a different kind, in the establishment of his kingdom, and succeeded as completely and triumphantly in the end, and (more especially, because the 22d verse was applied to our Saviour, both by Christ himself and by St. Peter.

(o) - The house of Aaron," i. e. the priests and Levites. 9. () So Ps. cxlvi. 2. “ O, put not

" your trust in princes, nor in any child 1 " of man, for there is no help in them." 10, () For “ will I," the reading pro12. bably should be “ did I.” He is speak.

ing of what was past, not of what would
happen.

(r) The translation should probably v. 12.
be, “ but were extinct even as the fire of
" thorns ; for in the name of the Lord
did I destroy them.” “ The fire of
" thorns" was one that burnt up sud-
denly and furiously; but was soon ex.
hausted. See note on Ps. Iviïi. 8.

(s) For “ thou hast,” the reading v.13. should perhaps be “ they did.”

(t) This verse occurs in the Song of v.14. Triumph which Moses and the children of Israel sang, near 1500 years before the birth of Christ, after God had led them in safety through the Red Sea and had destroyed Pharoah and all his host. See Exod. xv. 2. and it might be incorpo. rated into this Psalm, to call that great deliverance to remembrance.

18 The Lord hath chastened Lord hath made : we will rejoice and corrected me : but he hath | and be glad in it. kan nog weigerer not given me over unto death 25 Help me now, O Lord :

19 Open me the gates (u) of O Lord, send us now prosperity. righteousness : that I may go 26 Blessed be he that cometh into them, and give thanks unto in the Name of the Lord : we the Lord.

have wished you good luck, ye 20 (x) This is the gate of the that are of the house of the Lord: the righteous (y)shall enter Lord. into it.

27 God is the Lord, who hath 21 (2) I will thank thee, for shewed us light : bind (6) the thou hast heard me : and art be. sacrifice with cords, yea, even come my salvation.

unto the horns of the altar, 22 The same stone (a) which 28 Thou art my God, and I the builders refused : is become will thank thee : thou art my the head stone in the corner, God, and I will praise thee.

23 This is the Lord's doing : || 29 ( give thanks unto the and it is marvellous in our eyes. Lord, for he is gracious : and his

24 This is the day which the mercy endureth for ever. de

0. 20.

TO SET v.19.

(u) “ The gates,” &c. i. e. of the ta. | " the builders rejected, the same is be. bernacle, where the ark was kept. So || “ come the head of the corner.” Matt. Ps. xxiv. 7. when the ark was carried up xxi. 42 —Mark xii. 10.—Luke xx. 17. to the tabernacle, the acclamation was, So when St. Peter was questioned by the “ Lift up your heads, O ye gates, and rulers, &c. by what power or by what be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors, name he had healed the impotent man, “ and the King of Glory shall come in." and he told them it was by the name of It was when they reached the gate of the Jesus Christ, he added, (applying this tabernacle, therefore, that this part of the passage to our Saviour,) « This is the Psalm was sung.

“ stone which was set at nought of you v. 20. (x) This was probably the keeper's “ builders, which is become the head of answer.

“ the corner ; neither is there salvation () “ The righteous.” According “ in any other : for there is none other to 2 Chron. xxiii. 19. when Jehoiada re “ name under heaven given among men, stored the worship of God (about 878 “ whereby we must be saved.” Actsiv. years before our Saviour's birth) - he 11, 12. See also i Pet. ii. 7. The Mes* set the porters at the gates of the siąh is referred to under the figure of “ house of the Lord,” (as though that “ a corner stone,” in Isaiah xxviii. 16. had been the old practice) “ that none « Thus saith the Lord God, Behold I “ which was unclean in any thing should “ lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, “ enter in."

“ a tried stone, a precious corner store, 21. (2) This probably was sung upon their “ a sure foundation." And St. Paul entering the tabernacle.

speaks of Jesus Christ under the same 0.22. (a) « Stone, &c. i.e. figuratively; figure, Ephes. ii. 19, 20. “Ye"(i.e.the

he who had met with so much opposition, Gentile converts at Ephesus) “ are no
scorn, &c. alluding to what David had " more strangers and foreigners, but of
experienced. When our Saviour inti o the household of God, and are built
mated by the parable of the husband “ upon the foundation of the apostles
man, that the Jews would put him to, “ and prophets, Jesus Christ himself be
death, and that other nations would em. “ ing the chief corner stone." Ante 35:.
brace his religion, he accommodates this (6) « Bind," &c. Perhaps at this $.
passage to his own case : “ Did ye never part of the Psalm a victim to be offered
* read in the Scriptures, the stone which was bound, &c. I biten

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