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the sand which is on the sea-shore in multitude : and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Beth-aven. 6. When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits. 7. And some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead : as for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. 8. And he tarried seven days, according to (i) the set time that Samuel had appointed: but Samuel came not to Gilgal, and the people were scattered from him. 9. And Saul said, “ Bring hither a burntis offering to me, and peace-offerings.” And he offered the burnt-offering. 10. And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt-offering, behold, Samuel came, and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him. 11. And Samuel said, “ What hast thou « done?” And Saul said, “ Because I « saw that the people were scattered from « me, and that thou camest not within the « days appointed, and that the Philistines “ gathered themselves together at Mich« mash : 12. Therefore said I, “ The Phi. 66 listines will come down now upon me to

Gilgal, and I have not made supplication “ unto the LORD:" I forced myself there« fore, and offered a burnt-offering.” 13. And Samuel said to Saul, “ Thou « hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept " the commandment of the LORD thy u God, which he commanded thee: for

“ now would the LORD have established o thy kingdom upon Israel for ever. « 14. But now thy kingdom shall not “ continue: the LORD hath sought him « a man after his own heart, and the " LORD hath commanded him to be cap" tain over his people, because thou hast « not kept that which the LORD com« manded thee.” 15. And Samuel (1) arose, and gat him up from Gilgal, unto Gibeah of Benjamin: and Saul numbered the people that were present with him, about six hundred men. 16, And Saul and Jonathan his son, and the people that were present with them, abode in Gibeah of Benjamin : but the Philistines emcamped in Michmash. 17. And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines, in three companies : one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual. 18. And another company turned the way to Beth-horon : and another company turned to the way of the border, that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. 19. Now there was no (9 smith found throughout all the land d Israel : (for the Philistines said, « Lest the « Hebrews make them swords or spears.") 20. But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock. 21. Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharper the goads. 22. So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan:


(i) v. 8. “ The set time, &c.” When Samuel and that the injunction to tarry was indefinite, anointed Saul, one of the things he told him not limited to seven days. was, “ thou shalt go down before me to Gilgal; (k) v. 15. The Sept. and most copies of the “ and behold, I will come down unto thee, to Vulgate, read, “ and Samuel arose, and get “ offer burnt-offerings, and to sacrifice sacri. “ him up from Gilgal : and the people that 56 fices of peace-offerings : seven days shalt thou " were left went up after Saul unto Gibeab, 6 tarry, till I come to thee, and shew thee « &c.” There is no reason to suppose that « what thou shalt do. I Sam. X. 8." Saul's Samuel went up to Gibeah. Wall, 189. sin was, either that he did not wait the time he 2 Hales, 343... ought, or that he presumed to offer what none (1) v. 19. “ No smith, &c." A political

Samuel should have offered. Some sup- precaution, to keep the Israelites in a state pose, that he did not tarry seven entire days, subjection. In Deborah's song, ante, Judge but sacrificed the seventh day: others, upon a || iv. Š. she asks, “ was there a shield or spes different punctuation of i Sam, x, 8. under- | - seen among 40,000 in Israel?” stand that the sacrifices were to be seven days, U

but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found. 23. And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.

CHAP. XV. SAMUEL also (m) said unto Saul, « The

« Lord sent me to anoint thee to be “ king over his people, over Israel: now " therefore hearken thou unto the voice " of the words of the LORD. 2. Thus

saith the Lord of hosts, " I remember « that which Amalek did to Israel, how - he laid wait for him in the way when he “ came up from Egypt. 3. Now go, and 6 smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all “ that they have, and spare them not; but « slay both man and woman, infant, and « suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.” 4. And Saul gathered the people together, and numbered them in Telaim (n), two hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of Judah. 5. And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the valley. 6. And Saul said unto the Kenites, « Go, depart, get you down from among as the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with " them : for ye shewed kindness to all the or children of Israel when they came up o out of Egypt.” So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites. 7. And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah, until thou comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt. 8. And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword. 9. But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy them: but every thing that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly. 10. Then came the word of the LORD unto Samuel, saying, 11. “ It repenteth « me that I have set up Saul to be king : “ for he is turned back from following “ me, and hath not performed my com“. mandments.” And it grieved Sámuel;

and he cried unto the LORD all night. 12. And when Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning, it was told Samuel, saying, “ Saul came to Carmel, and behold, “ he set him up a place (6), and is gone “ about, and passed on and gone down to “ Gilgal.” 13. And Samuel came to Saul; and Saul said unto him, “ Blessed be thou « of the LORD: I have performed the « commandment of the LORD.” 14. And Samuel said, “ What meaneth then this “ bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and " the lowing of the oxen which I hear ?” 15. And Saul said, “ They have brought “ them from the Amalekites: for the () “ people spared the best of the sheep, and “ of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the LORD “ thy God, and the rest we have utterly o destroyed.” 16. Then Samuel said unto Saul, “ Stay, and I will tell thee what the “ LORD hath said to me this night.” And he said unto him “ Say on.” 17. And Samuel said, “When thou wast little in " thine own sight, wast thou not made the “ head of the tribes of Israel, and the “ LORD anointed thee king over Israel ? « 18. And the Lord sent thee on a jour“ ney, and said, “ Go, and utterly destroy “ the sinners the Amalekites, and fight

against them until they be consumed." " 19. Wherefore then didst thou not obey “ the voice of the LORD, but didst fly “ upon the spoil, and didst evil in the rt sight of the Lord ?” 20. And Saul said unto Samuel, “ Yea, I have obeyed the “ voice of the LORD, and have gone the " way which the LORD sent me, and have “ brought Agag the king of Amalek, and " have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. “ 21. But the people took of the spoil, « sheep and oxen, the chief of the things 66 which should have been utterly de6 stroyed, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy " God in Gilgal.” 22. And Samuel said, “ Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt« offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying " the voice of the LORD ? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice; and to hearken,

(m) 0. I. " Said.” Before Christ 1079.

(n) v.4: “ Telaim,” or “ Gilgal,” Sept. Telaim is no where else mentioned.

(c) v. 12. “ Place," or “ memorial,” in remembrance of his success.

() v. 15. 21. “ The people.” An attempt to throw wholly upon the people, whom he ought to have controlled and over-ruled, the

offence in which, according to verse 9, he and I they concurred.

" than the fat of rams. 23. For rebel- | day of his death : nevertheless, Samuel « lion is as (9) the sin of witchcraft, and mourned for Saul : and the LORD repented er stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry: that he had made Saul king over Israel. e because thou hast rejected the word of « the LORD, he hath also rejected thee

CHAP. XVII. “ from being king." 24. And Saul said NTOW (s) the Philistines gathered togeunto Samuel, « I have sinned: for I have IV ther their armies to battle, and were 66 transgressed the commandment of the gathered together at (t) Shochoh, which « LORD, and thy words: because I feared belongeth to Judah, and pitched between " the people, and obeyed their voice. || Shochoh and Azekah (t), in Ephesdammim, « 25. Now therefore, I pray thee, pardon 2. And Saul and the men of Israel were " my sin, and turn again with me, that gathered together, and pitched by the “ I may worship the LORD.” 26. And valley of Elah, and set the battle in arra Samuel said unto Saul, “ I will not return against the Philistines. 3. And the Phil« with thee: for thou hast rejected the stines stood on a mountain on the one * word of the LORD, and the LORD hath side, and Israel stood on a mountain on “ rejected thee from being king over the other side : and there was a valley “ Israel." 27. And as Samuel turned about between them. 4. And there went out a to go away, he laid hold upon the skirt of | champion out of the camp of the Philihis mantle, and it rent. 28. And Samuel stines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose said unto him, “ The LORD hath rent the height was six cubits and a span (0) " kingdom of Israel from thee this day, 5. And he had an helmet of brass upon « and hath given it to a neighbour of thine his head, and he was armed with a coat of " that is better than thou. 29. And also | mail: and the weight of the coats 16 the strength of Israel will not lie, nor five thousand shekels (x) of brass. 6. Add

repent: for he is not a man that he he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and « should repent.” 30. Then he said, “I a target of brass between his shoulder « have sinned, yet honour me now, I pray 7. And the staff of his spear was like a 56 thee, before the elders of my people, and weaver's beam, and his spear's head weigbed .66 before Israel, and turn again with me, six hundred shekels (y) of iron : and one " that I may worship the LORD thy God.” bearing a shield, went before him. 8. And 31. So Samuel turned again after Saul, he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and Saul worshipped the LORD. 32. Then and said unto them, “ Why are ye come said Samuel, “ Bring you hither to me co out to set your battle in array ? am not I 66 Agag the king of the Amalekites :" and as a Philistine, and you servants to Saul? Agag came unto him delicately (r). And “ choose you a man for you, and let him Agag said, “ Surely the bitterness of death “ come down to me. 9. 'If he be able to « is past.” 33. And Samuel said, “ As thy “ fight with me, and to kill me, then wil o sword hath made women childless, so 6 we be your servants : but if I preval « shall thy mother be childless amcng « against him, and kill him, then shall e 66 women." And Samuel hewed Agag in “ be our servants, and serve us," 10. And pieces before the LORD in Gilgal. 34. Then the Philistine said, “ I defy the armiese Samuel went to Ramah, and Saul went up “ Israel this day; give me a man, that st to his house to Gibeah of Saul. 35. And « may fight together.” II. When Saal famuel came no more to see Saul until the and all Israel heard those words of the

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Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly l « him, the king will enrich him with great afraid. 12. Now (z) David was the son « riches, and will give him his daughter, of that Ephrathite of Beth-lehem-judah, " and make his father's house free in whose name was Jesse, and he had eight “ Israel.” 26. And David spake to the sons : and the man went among men for men that stood by him, saying, “ What an old man in the days of Saul. 13. And “ shall be done to the man that killeth this the three eldest sons of Jesse went, and “ Philistine, and taketh away the reproach followed Saul to the battle: and the names « from Israel ? for who is this uncircumof his three sons that went to the battle, " cised Philistine that he should defy the were Eliab the first-born, and next unto “ armies of the living God ?" 27. And him, Abinadab, and the third, Shammah. the people answered him after this manner, 14. And David was the youngest : and the saying, “ So shall it be done to the man three eldest followed Saul. 15. But David « that killeth him.” 28. And Eliab his went and returned (a) from Saul, to feed eldest brother heard when he spake unto his father's sheep at Beth-lehem. 16. And the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled the Philistine drew near morning and against David, and he said, “ Why camest evening, and presented himself forty days. « thou down hither? and with whom hast 17. And Jesse said unto David his son, “ thou left those few sheep in the wilder« Take now for thy brethren an ephah of 1 « ness? I know thy pride, and the naugh“ this parched corn, and these ten loaves, 1 “ tiness of thy heart ; for thou art come " and run to the camp to thy brethren. « down, that thou mightest see the battle.” 18. “ And carry these ten cheeses unto | 29. And David said, “ What have I now “ the captain of their thousand, and look “ done? Is there not a cause ? 30. And « how thy brethren fare, and take their | he turned from him towards another, and « pledge." 19. Now Saul, and they, and spake after the same manner : and the all the men of Israel were in the valley people answered him again after the of Elah,' fighting with the Philistines. former manner. 31. And when the words 20. And David rose up early in the morn. were heard which David spake, they reing, and left the sheep with a keeper, and hearsed them before Saul: and he sent for took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him. 32. And David said to Saul, “ Let him; and he came to the trench, as the « no man's heart fail because of him ; thy host was going forth to the fight, and « servant will go and fight with this Phishouted for the battle. 21. For Israel and “ listine.” 33. And Saul said to David, the Philistines had put the battle in array, « Thou art not able to go against this army against army. 22. And David left « Philistine, to fight with him : for thou his carriage in the hand of the keeper of 6 art but a youth, and he a man of war the carriage, and ran into the army, and “ from his youth.” 34. And David said came and saluted his brethren. 23. And unto Saul, « Thy servant kept his father's as he talked with them, behold, there came « sheep, and there came a lion, and a up the champion (the Philistine of Gath, « bear, and took a lamb out of the flock: Goliath by name) out of the armies of « 35. And I went out after him, and the Philistines, and spake according to « smote him, and delivered it out of his the same words : and David heard them. « mouth : and when he arose against me, 24. And all the men of Israel, when they “ I caught him by his beard, and smote saw the man, fled from him, and were « him, and slew him. 36. Thy servant sore afraid. 25. And the men of Israel « slew both the lion and the bear : and said, “ Have ye seen this man that is come " this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as “ up? surely to defy Israel is he come up : " one of them, seeing he hath defied the 6 and it shall be that the man who killeth « armies of the living God.” 37. David

(2) v. 12 to 31 is omitted in the Sept.

(a) v. 15. “Returned from Saul." He had before been sought out to play upon the harp

before Saul, and Saul had made him his armourbearer. See i Sam. xvi. 16 to 23.

said moreover, “The (6) LORD that delivered | « host of the Philistines this day unto the « me out of the paw of the lion, and out “ fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts " of the paw of the bear, he will deliver “ of the earth; that all the earth may know « me out of the hand of this Philistine." " that there is a God in Israel. 47. And And Saul said unto David, “ Go, and " all this assembly shall know that the “ the LORD be with thee." 38. And « LORD saveth not with sword and spear: Saul armed David with his armour, and « for the battle is the LORD's, and he will he put an helmet of brass upon his head, “ give you into our hands.” 48. And it also he armed him with a coat of mail. came to pass when the Philistine arose, 39. And David girded his sword upon his and came and drew nigh to meet David, armour, and he assayed (c) to go, for he had that David hasted, and ran toward the not proved it: and David said unto Saul, army to ineet the Philistine. 49. And « I cannot go with these : for I have not David put his hand in his bag, and toch « proved them.And David put them off thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the him. 40. And he took his staff in his hand, Philistine in his forehead, that the ston and chose him five smooth stones out of sunk into his forehead ; and he fell upon his the brook, and put them in a shepherd's face to the earth. 50. So David prevailed bag, which he had, even in a scrip, and over the Philistine with a sling and with a his sling was in his hand, and he drew near stone, and smote the Philistine and slem to the Philistine. 41. And the Philistine him; but there was no sword in the hand came on, and drew near unto David, and of David. 51. Therefore David ran and the man that bare the shield went before stood upon the Philistine, and took his him. 42. And when the Philistine looked sword, and drew it out of the sheath about and saw David, he disdained him: thereof, and slew him, and cut of his for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of | head therewith. And when the Phils. a fair countenance. 43. And the Philis tines saw their champion was dead the tine said unto David, “ Am I a dog, that fled. 52. And the men of Israel and d “ thou comest to me with staves ?” and Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the the Philistine cursed David by his gods. Philistines, until thou come to the valley, 44. And the Philistine said to David, and to the gates of Ekron: and the wounded " Come to me, and I will give thy flesh of the Philistines fell down by the way « unto the fowls of the air, and to the to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto « beasts of the field.” 45. Then said David Ekron. 53. And the children of Israel to the Philistine, « Thou comest to me returned from chasing after the Philistines, « with a sword, and with a spear, and with and they spoiled their tents. 54. And David “ a shield ; but I come to thee in the took the head of the Philistine, and brought “ name of the LORD of hosts, the God of it to Jerusalem ; but he put his armour in “ the armies of Israel, whom thou hast his tent. 55. And (d) when Saul saw David

defied. 46. This day will the LORD go forth against the Philistine, he said « deliver thee into mine hand, and I will unto Abner the captain of the hosty a smite thee, and take thine head from - Abner, whose son is this youth ?” Anl “ thee, and I will give the carcases of the Abner said, “ As thy soul liveth, O kiş

(6) v. 37. “ The Lord, &c.So that he | « that Spirit of the Lord, by which he was confided, not in his own arm, or in his own “ then so fully actuated. 2 Hales 349." David strength, but in him who alone is a buckler had before this been anointed by Samuel; and to all that trust in him, who alone girdeth with the Spirit of the Lord came upon him from strength unto the battle, and giveth victory that day, (i. e. from the time of his being unto kings, and delivereth his servants from anointed). See 1 Sam. xvi. 13. the peril of the sword. Dr. Hales observes (c) v. 39. “ Assayed,” or “ scrupled " upon this passage : “ The zeal David evinced, “ to go," or " to take it." « and his confidence in the divine protection, (d) 0.55 to the end is omitted in Sept. * afford the finest illustration of the nature of

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