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He that serves Christ shall be honoured by his Father. 169 but if it die, it bringeth duction of the like kind arises, and it brings sect. forth much fruit.

forth much fruit. And so it is that I myself cxlville shall fall, and a new scene be opened, in which ihn my kingdom shall seem to be utterly lost and XII. 24. gone; yet, like the spring corn, it shall assuredly

revive, and appear beautiful and fruitful. 05. He that loveth But, in the mean time, such difficulties are 25 his life, shall lose it: also to be expected by my faithful servants, that and he that hateth bis it is but fit I should inform these strangers of life in this world, shall keep it unto life eter

what I have once and again told you ; that he

who loves his own life too well to part with it
for my sake, shall lose it, and expose himself to
death in the worst and most dreadful sense of the
word; but he that acts as if he hates his life in
this world, by exposing it to the greatest dangers
in the cause of my gospel, shall preserve it even
to everlasting life, and secure a state of immortal
glory and happiness. (Compare Mat. X. 39,

sect. Ixxvi. Mark viii. 35, sect. Ixxxix. and
26 If any man serve Luke xvii. 33, sect. cxxviii.) If any man 26
me, let him follow therefore would engage to serve me as one of
me; and where I am,
there shall also my ser my loyal people, let him resolve to follow me
Fant be: if any man whithersoever I shall lead him, whatever dangers
serve me, him will my and difficulties may lie in the way; and let him

know, for his encouragement, that where I am,
or where I shortly am to take up mine abode,
there shall also my faithful servant be ; for I will
assign him an inheritance in that blessed world
where I am for ever to rest and reign after all
the sufferings I have endured here: and I assure
you that, among all that follow me, if any man,
of whatever nation he be, or whatever his reli-
gious profession may before have been, will
faithfully serve med here, him will [my] Father
also honour, and confer such rich rewards upon
him as to make him for ever both great and

27 Now is my soul Having said this, our Lord paused for a while, 27
tronbled : and what on
shall I say? Father, as

er and entered on a deep contemplation of the very save me from this hour different views of things which lay before him.

but And then he added aloud, Now is my very soul

distressed and troubled in an affecting view of
my approaching sufferings; and what shall I
say? What petition shall I offer to God on this
occasion? Shall I say, Father, save me from


Father honour.


d If any man serve me.] Our Lord, by lytes of righteousness, but those of the gate, this indefinite erpression, strongly intimates and indeed even the idolatrous Gentiles that his kingdom was to be of a very exten- themselves, might, on their belicving the sice nature, and that not only the prose- gospel, be admitted into it.

e Wha


John before

Jesus has again the testimony of a voice from heaven. SECT. this dreadful hour, and from all the agonies but for this cause came cxlvin. wbich I am to endure in the gloomy season

I unto this hour, before mee? Nay, but for this cause was I born xi. 27. into the world, and for this end I came even to

this present hour, that I might bear the suffer

ings on which I am entering, and might redeem 28 my people by them. And far be it from me 28 Father, glorify

to draw back from such engagements and un- thy name...
dertakings : I will therefore much rather say,
Father, glorify thine own name, and dispose of
me, and all my concerns, in such a way as may
most effectually answer that great end!

Then, at that very instant while he was –Then came there speaking, there came a voice from heaven which a voice from heaven,

saying, I have both said], I have both already glorified [it] by the glorified it, and will whole of thy ministry thus far; and I will glorify glorify it again. [it] yet again in a more signal manner by what

farther remains before thee. 29 The multitude therefore who stood by and heard 29 The people

1201, though not all in a manner equally distinct, therefore that stood Titl, though not all in a manner equally distinct, by, and heard it, said, were perfectly astonished at the awful sound; That it thundered: and some among them said, That it thundered': others said, An angel while others, who were nearer, said, That an spake to him.

angel spake to him from heaven. 30 But Jesus answered and said to his disciples, 30 Jesus answered who stood near, and distinctly heard it. This voice and said, This voice

CC came not because of from heaven came not chiefly for my sake, who me, but for your sakes, was before assured of the affection of iny Father, and knew the purpose he had formed to glorify himself by me; but it was uttered for yours, that you may not be offended at the treatment I shall meet with, and quit your hope in me, and re

gard for me, on account of any of the sufferings 31 which are coming upon me. This indeed is a 31 Now is the judgvery critical and important time ; for now is the

ment judgment

e What shall I say? Father, save me from or the daughter of the voice, being ushered this hour?] I suppose few need be told that in with thunder, and, as it were, produced the pointing of the New Testament is far less froin it. Elsner has shewn that the Heaancient than the tert. It is agreeable to thens reckoned that sudden thunder was a observe how many difficulties may be re- sign that a prayer then offered met with moved by varying it, and departing from the most favourable regard. See Elsner. the common punctuntion : of which I take Observ. Vol. I. p. 334, 335.)--Dr. Lightthis to be one of the most remarkable in- foot observes here (Hor. Heb. in loc.) that stances. For as the tert does not oblige us Christ had thrice the testimony of a voice to it, it does not scem natural to suppose from heaven ; first, when he entered on his that our Lord actually offered this petition, public ministry, as the High-priest of our and then immediately retracted it again. profession, at his baptism (Mat. ii, 17.)

f Said that it thundered.] Thunder often and then a second time, when a command attended a voice from hencen : (see Exod. was given to hear him, as the great Prophet xix. 16, 19. Rev. iv. 5. vi. 1. x. 3.) In of the church at his transfiguration, (Mat. allusion to which, perhaps, the voice itself xvii. 5.) and now again, when he had made was called by the ancicut Jews Bath Kol, his public entry into Jerusalem, as a King, Noro is the judgment of this reorld.] of the death of Christ. See John iii. 18, Mr. Massey, renders this (in his Vernac. 19, xvi. 8, 11. Sacra, p. 8,9.) Now is this world come h When I am lifted up from the earth.] I to its crisis : and Grotius and More (in his think Dr. Whitby's note on this text suffia Theological works, p. 207.) explain it of the ciently vindicates this version of soy utwow. redemption of the world, or its vindication See the Greek version of Deut. vii. 1. from the bondage of Satan. But this is so Judges vi. 3. xxi. 21. 2 Sam. vii. 12. unusual a sense of the word, that I choose, 1 Kings xiii, 31. Job vii. 4. Prov. iii. 24. with Dr. Whitby, to understand it of the iv. 12. Jer. iii. 16, and compare John condemnation of the world, or of the judge xiv. 3. I John iii. 2. and 3 John, ver. ment passed upon its wicked principles and 10. where sav sagw may signify, when I practices, and of the victory which Chris- come. tians were to gain over it in consequence VoL, VII.

When he was lifted up, he would draw all men to him. 171 ment of this world, judgment of this world s, which I am going to secr. pow sball the prince of

cxlviii. this world be cast out. conquer and condemn,

followers may both be taught and enabled to John
triumph over it, and those may be convinced of XII. 31.
sin that believe not in me : (compare Gal. i.
4. and John xvi. 8, 9.) Yea, now shall Satan,
the ruler and god of this world, be cast out from
that empire which he has so long usurped over
the minds of men, and especially over the hea.

then nations. (Compare Eph. ji. 2. and 2 Cor.
3! And I, if I be iv. 4.) And when I am lifted up from the 32
lifted up from the earth', though I may seem thereby to be made
earth, will draw all
beo unto me.

the trophy of mine enemies, yet such shall be
the effect of that important event, that I shall
thereby draw all men to me; that is, I shall lay
a foundation for conquering the most stubborn
hearts by so rich a display of my love; and shall
by a secret, but powerful, influence on their
minds, persuade multitudes of all ranks and all
nations to list themselves under the banner I
raise. (Compare John jii. 14, 15. Vol. I.

p. 147, 148.)
33 (This he said, Now this he spake of bis being lifted up from 33
he should die.)

the earth, as signifying by what death he should
die, even by crucifixion, in which the person

suffering was lifted up on high, and hung as it
34 The people an- were between beaven and earth. And in ge.-34.
swered him, we have neral it was understood by the people as im-
heard out of the law, olving some violent death shortly to come upon
that Christ abidcth .
for ever: and how him. The multitude therefore answered him, We
sayest thou, The Son have heard it taught as a certain truth out of the
up! Who is this Son

A law, or out of the volume of our sacred writof man?

ings, that the Messiah is immortal, and abides
for ever, “ that his kingdom is an everlasting
kingdom, and his dominion continues unto
all generations,” (2 Sam. vii. 16. Psal. lxxxix.
29. cx. 4. Isa. ix. 7. Ezek. xxxvii. 25. Dan.
ii. 44. vii. 14.) and how then dost thou, who now


what death

of man must be lifte

i Who

172 The Jews are offended at what he says of the Son of nian.
sect. plainly professest thyself to be the Messiah, say
cxlviii. that the con

We that the Son of man must be lifted up from the John earth, and die a violent death? Who is this Son xi. 34. of man? i Is nie, as such language as this might

seem to intimate, a different person from the
Messiah, whom we have been taught to expect
under the title of the Son of man? This was
said by some of the multitude who were ill-
affected towards him, and desired to find some-

thing to object against him.
35 Then Jesus said to them, Do not cavil at what 35 Then Jesus said
I now say; but rem·mber how short this oppor- unto them, Yet a lit-

* tle while is the light tunity is which, through the Divine goodness, with you : walk while you now enjoy: yet a little while is the light with ye have the light, lest you, which you may derive from me, or my ser- darkness come upon vants who shall come to you in my name ; walk eth in darkness know.

11. you: for he that walktherefore while you have the light ; comply with eth not whither he gothe gracious purposes of God in making these eth. discoveries to you, and regulate your temper and conduct by them ; that darkness may not overtake you, that you may not be deprived of the gospel, and left in a night of ignorance and misery : for you know it is a most uncomfortable thing for a traveller to be benighted in his way, as he that walks in darkness wanders from place to place, and knows not whither he goes, or into what dangers he may fall the very next step he takes ; and much more dreadful will it be for you to be deserted of God, and left to the

darkness and folly of your own hearts. (Com36 pare John si. 9, 10. sect. cxxxix.) Let me 36 While ye have therefore once more seriously and kindly exhort the light,believe iu the

light, that ye may you, that while you have the light thus clearly be the childr shining around you, you believe in the light, and light.honestly follow it, that you may be the children of light,wbo, being now truly wise and good,sball be tbe heirs of holiness, glory, and joy everlasting.

These things Jesus spake when the Greeks ap- — These things plied themselves to bim ; and as the unbelieving spake Jesus, and he

left them,] and deJews were greatly irritated by the actions and

tated by the actions and parted, (MARK, and discourses of the day, and would not be awaken- now the even tide was ed to conviction, he left them, and departed

come, thence

i Who is this Son of manj À writer of tant difficulty ; but it was fit some obscugreat note interprets this as if they had said, rity should for the present be left upon “Who is this that so absurdly, and incon- it, lest the plainness of the prediction should sistently with the prophets, speaks of have prevented its accomplishinent. Our himself as the Son of man, while he talks Lord therefore gave the discourse a useful of being lifted up, and dying?" (See Dr. turn, and a few days more proclaimed the Sykes of Christianity, p. 110.) But the mystery which he had before revealed to sense given in the paraphrase appears to his apostles in private when he set out on me more natural, and I am pleased to find his last journey to Jerusalem. (See Mat. it in Grotius, This was a real and impor. XX. 18, 19. sect. cxlii.)

Reflections on the happy fruils of the death of Christ.



come, he went] [out thence to a retired place : and when now it was SECT. of the city unto Beth- late in the any) [MA RK, with

in late in the evening, he privately went out of the sky the twelve ;] [and he city to Bethany, with none to attend him but John lodged there,) and did the twelve apostles ; and, knowing that his ene- X11.36. hide himscīt from mies were watching to them. TA. XXI. mies were watching to destroy him, and might 17. MARX XI. -11.] have attempted to seize him by night if he had

tayried at Jerusalem, he lodged there at Bethany,
and concealed himself from them, to avoid the
assaults of their deliberate malice till his hour
was come.


Who can wonder at the desire these Greeks expressed to see so Ver. celebrated a Person as Jesus was! We hope there was something 20, 21 more than mere curiosity in it, and that at length they saw him with believing eyes, and, according to his prediction, glorified 23 him by a cordial acceptance of his gospel.-His disciples, we see 22 were ready to introduce them: and surely every faithful minister of Christ will undertake the task with pleasure when he sees souls awakened by Divine grace, and inquiring after Jesus with affectionate concern.

Blessed be God, it has already, in many instances, been seen that by the death of Christ an immortal seed was sown, which has mul- 24 tiplied in all ages, and is still multiplying : Oh that it might have a greater increase! One would think that words so gracious as these should promote that increase, and operate upon every heart 25 to produce a love to him sufficient to conquer every danger and opposition which may be met with in his cause: behold the promise which he has left upon record ; " If any man, be he ever so 26 mean and unworthy, will but faithfully serve and follow me, whatever his former wanderings and rebellions may have been, where I am, there shall also my servant be." Happy state indeed ! not only, like these Greeks, to have a transient sight of Christ, but to be for ever with him!

How admirable is the love and stedfastness of our Redeemer, who procured so great a happiness for us at so dear an expence ! and even when his innocent soul was troubled in the view of his 27 sufferings, instead of declining them, met them with joy! How should it animate us to renew that general comprehensive petition, than which none can be more suitable to us with regard to all the divine dispensations; Father, glorify thine own name! Glorify thy- 28 self, O Lord ! and to that great end dispose of us as thou pleasest; for we should abhor ourselves if we had any interest separate from thine!

We may be assured, as certainly as by a voice from heaven, that


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