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America; also the islands of Grenada, St.
Vincent, Dominica, and Tobago, in the

West Indies. 1764 The parliament granted £10,000 to Mr.

Harrison, for his discovery of the longi

tude, by his time-piece. 1765 His Majesty's royal charter passed for incor

porating the society of artists. An act passed annexing the sovereignty of the island of Man to the crown of Great Bri

tain. 1766 A great spot passed the sun's centre. Gibral.

tar almost destroyed by a storm. 1767 An act passed for liberty to build the New

Town of Edinburgh. 1768 Academy of painting established in London,

The Turks imprison the Russian ambassa,

dor, and declare war against that Empire, 1769 Electricity of the Aurora Borealis discovered

by Wideburgh, at Jena. ; 1771 Dr. Solander and Mr. Banks, in his Majesty's

ship, the Endeavour, Lieut. Cook, return from a voyage round the world, having made several important discoveries in the

South Seas. Solway moss overflows. 1972 Twelve hundred and forty people killed in

the island of Java, by an electrified cloud. A revolution in Denmark. The Emperor of Germany, Empress of Russia, and King of Prussia, strip the King of Poland of great part of his dominions, which they divide among themselves, in violation of the

most solemn treaties. 1773 Captain Phipps is sent to explore the North

Pole: but having made eighty-one degrees, is in danger of being locked up by the ice,

and his attempt to discover a passage in that quarter proves fruitless. The war between the Russians and Turks proves disgraceful to the latter, who lose the islands in the Archipelago, and by sea are every

where unsuccessful. 1774 Peace is proclaimed between the Russians

and 'l urks. The British parliament having passed an act, laying a duty of three pence per pound, upon all teas imported into America; the colonists, considering this as a grievance, deny the right of the British

parliament to tax them. 1775 April 19th. The first action happens in

America between the King's troops and the Provincials at Lexington. May 20th, Articles of confederation and perpetual union between the American provinces. June 17th, A bloody action at Bunker's Hill, between the royal troops and the

Americans. 1776 The Congress declare the American colonies

free and independent states, July 4th. The Americans driven from Long-Island, New York, in August, with great slaughter; and the city of New York is afterwards taken possession of by the King's troops, Decem. 25th. General Washington takes

900 of the Hessians prisoners at Trenton. 1777 General Howe takes possession of Philadel

phia. Lieut.-General Burgoyne is obliged to surrender his army to the Generals Gates

and Arnold, October 17th. 1778 A treaty of alliance concluded at Paris be

tween the French King and the thirteen united American colonies, in which their

independence is acknowledged by the court of France, February 6th. The Earl of Carlisle, William Eden, Esq. and George Johnstone, Esq. arrive at Philadelphia, the beginning of Jume, as coinmissioners for restoring peace between Great Britain anp America. Philadelphia evacuated by the King's troops, June 18th. The Congress refuse to treat with the British commissioners. Dominica taken by the French, Sept. 7th. Pondicherry surrenders to the arms of Great Britain, October 17th. St.

Lucia taken from the French, Dec. 28th. 1779 St. Vincent taken by the French. Greñada

taken by the French, July 3d. 1780 Torture in courts of justice abolished in

France. The Inquisition abolished in the Duke of Modena's dominions. Three actions between Admiral Rodney and the Count de Guichen, in the West Indies, in the months of April and May; but none of them decisive. Charlestown, South Carolina, surrenders to Sir Henry Clinton, May 4th. Pensacola, and the whole province of West Florida, surrender to the arms of the King of Spain, May 9th. Five English East-Indiamen, and fifty English merchant ships bound for the West Indies, taken by the combined fleets of France and Spain, August 8th.

Earl Cornwallis obtains a signal victory over General Gates, near Camden, in South Carolina, in which above 1000 American prisoners are taken, Aug 16th. Major Andre, Adjutant general to the British army, banged as a spy at Tappan, in the province of New York, Oct. 2d.

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1781 The Dutch island of St. Eustatia taken by

Admiral Rodney and General Vaughan, February 3d. Retaken by the French, November 27th. A bloody engagement fought between an English squadron under the command of Admiral Parker, and a Dutch squadron under the command of Admiral Zoutman, off the Dogger Bank, August 5th. Earl Cornwallis, with a considerable British army, surrendered prisoners of war to the American and French troops, under the command of Gen. Washington and Count Rochambeau, 'at York

town, in Virginia, Oct. 19th. 1782 Trincomale, on the island of Ceylon, taken

by Admiral Hughes, Jan. 11th. «Minorca surrendered to the arms of the King of Spain, Feb. 5th. The island of St, Christopher taken by the French, Feb. 12th.

The island of Nevis, in the West Indies, taken by the French, Feb. 14th. Montserrat taken by the French, Feh. 22d. The resolution of the House of Commons relating to John Wilkes, Esq. and the Middlesex election, passed Feb. 17th, 1769 9; rescinded May 3d. The French took' and destroyed the forts and settlements in Hudson's Bay, Aug. 24th. Provisional articles of peace, signed at Paris, between the British and American commissioners, by which the Thirteen United American colonies are acknowledged by his Britannic Majesty to be free, sovereign, and in

dependent states, Nov. 30th. 1783 The fire balloon invented by M. Montgolfier,

R

of Lyons; from which discovery Messrs. Charles and Roberts, of Paris, taking the hint, construct inflammable gas, or the

air balloon. 1784 The great seal stolen from the Lord Chan

cellor's house, in Great Ormond-street, March 24th. The definitive treaty of peace between Great Britain and Holland, May 24th. A large plantation, with all the buildings destroyed, by the land removing from its former site, to another, and covering every thing in its way, in St.

Joseph's parish, Barbadoes, Oct. 16th. 1788 Formosa, in the Chinese sea, shook off the

Chinese yoke, and massacred 10,000 Chi. nese, driving the remainder into the woods

and rocks of the Island. 1789 The French revolution commenced. 1790 Carlscrone, in Russia, had 1087 houses, 2

'churches, all the Merchants' houses except two, and all their magazines destroyed by

fire. 1793 Louis XVI. of France, and his Queen be

headed; the former on January 20th, and the latter on 16th of Oct. A piece of land, in Finland, 4000 square ells in extent, sunk 15 fathoms, but most of the inhabi

tants escaped. 1794 Lord Howe defeated the French fleet. Torre

del Greco, near Náples, was nearly destroyed

by the lava of Mount Vesuvius. 1795 Woges, near Lucerne, was swallowed up by

an internal current, and totally lost. 1797 Admiral Duncan took and destroyed fifteen

Dutch ships of the line. Admiral Sir J.
Jervis obtained a complete victory over a

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