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is attacked by Capt. Elliot, and taken, bimself slain. All Canada surrenders to the English. The King died at Kensington, 1760, and was buried in Westminter Abbey.
GEORGE III. proclaimed King, October 26th. Belleislé taken by the English. A treaty of marriage signed between his majesty, and her most serene highness, the Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburgh.
War declared against Spain. The Hermione, a Spanish ship, taken, valued at near £ 1,200,000. Manilla and Havanna taken from the Spaniards. Preliminaries of peace between England and France, signed at Fontainbleau, Nov, 3d. Martinico and Guadaloupe taken from the French. Peace proclaimed between England, France and Spain, 1763.
The longitude found at sea, by means of Harrison's time-piece.. The massacre of Patna in the East Indies, and 4000 of the garrison and inhabitants put to the sword. Princess Augusta married to the Prince of Brunswick. Otaheite, or George III.'s Island, discovered by Captain Wallis. The sovereignty of the Isle of Man annexed to Great Britain. Society of artists of Great Britain instituted, 1765. The American stamp act repealed. Gibraltar nearly destroyed by a storm. Most severe frosts, and heavy snows. Princess Caroline Matilda married, by proxy, to the King of Denmark, 1766. Academy of paintings incorporated in London. Riots in St. George's fields. The King of Denmark arrived in England. Royal Academy of arts, instituted under his majesty's patronage. New Zealand explored by Captain Cook. Electricity of the Aurora Borealis discovered, 1769. Judges sent by the King to the East Indies. Boston port shut
up by act of parliament. Civil war commences in
America. A violent storm by which 40 ships were lost near Yarmouth. Society for the recovery of drowned persons instituted. Trade with America prohibited. The battles of Lexington and Bunker's hill. Charlestown, New England, burned by the English troops, 1775. America declared itself independent. Freemason's hall consecrated. Portsmouth dockyard set on fire, by John the painter, 1776. General Burgoyne surrenders with his army to the Americans, at Saratoga, 1777. War declared against France. Pondicherry taken from the French. Admiral Keppel fights the French fleet off Ushant; a drawn battle. Voltaire died, 1778. Ireland admitted to a free trade. The French make an attempt on the island of Jersey, but miscarry. Their shipping destroyed in Concale Bay. The American fleet totally destroyed off Penobscot. Pitch and tar made from pit coal at Bristol. Tobacco cultivated in Ireland, 1779.
Admiral Rodney defeats the Spanish fleet near Cape St. Vincent. Dreadful riots in London, headed by Lord George Gordon, which did £200,000 damage to the prisons and private buildings. Woollen goods first exported from Ireland to a foreign market. War with Spain and Holland. Charlestown, South Carolina, surrenders to his Majesty's arms. The Quebec frigate, Captain Farmer, blown up in an action with a French frigate. The Captain's eldest' son created a baronet in consequence thereof, 1780. Lord Cornwallis surrenders to the French and Americans at York Town. Sir Eyre Coote defeats Hyder Ally twice. Ceylon taken from the Dutch. Florida taken by the Spaniards. A smart engagement between Admiral Parker and the Dutch fleet off the Dogger Bank. The French repulsed at the island of Jersey. A supreme court of judi,
cature established at Calcutta, in Bengal. The office of Lord Great Chamberlain of England vested in Lady Willoughby de Eresby, and her sister; Sir Peter Burrell, Bart. officiates as deputy. Lord G. Gordon tried for high treason and acquitted. Delamotte, a French spy, hanged, 1781. Batavia taken by the English. The memorable attack of Gibraltar by the French and Spaniards, September 13th; their gun-boats totally destroyed. Thegarrison relieved by a squadron of 33 ships of the line, under Lord Howe, in the face of the combined fleets of France and Spain, consisting of 47. Admiral Rodney defeats the French fleet in the West Indies; takes Admiral Count de Grasse, and five ships of the line, 1782. Great Britain declares America independent. A general peaee. The order of St. Patrick instituted in Ireland. Desperate engagements, by sea and land, in the East Indies. The French ship, Solitaire, of 64 guns, taken by the Ruby. A new star discovered by William Herschell, and by him called the Georgium Sidus. Dreadful earthquakes laid waste the country of Calabria, in Sicily. A new island rose out of the ocean near Iceland, 1783. A dreadful storm at ** Port Royal, in Jamaica. Slave trade abolished in Pensylvania, 1784. Margaret Nicholson attempted to assassinate his Majesty. The Halsewell Indiaman, Captain Pierce, lost off Portland. Great insurrections in the south of Ireland, and violences committed against the clergy of both religions. Frederick III. of Prussia, of immortal memory, and Peter III. King of Portugal, died, 1786. The Archduke and Duchess of Austria visit England. Earl Cornwallis arrives at Calcutta, and assumes he Government of India. Convicts sent to Botany Bay and Sierra Leona. The greater part of the
city of Mexico destroyed by an earthqnake. The Hartwell East Indiaman lost off Bona Vista. Convention between Great Britain and Spain signed. A declaration, and counter declaration, relative to the interference of the court of Versailles with the States of Holland, exchanged between Great Britain and France. The Parliament granted the sum of £181,000, for the payment of the Prince of Wales's debts, and the completion of Carļeton palace, 1787. A defensive treaty concluded between Great Britain Prussia, and the Republic of Holland. Lord Dundonald discovers a new method of extracting tar from pit coal, for which invention parliament grant him a large sum of money, and exclusive privileges. Petitions presented to parliament, from various parts of England, for the abolition of the slave trade; counter petitions presented by the West India merchants and planters, against the measure. The House of Peers commence the trial of Warren Ilastings, Esq. on a charge of high crimes, &c. committed by him in the East Indies, and of which he is impeached by the House of Commons. Lord Ilowe resigns his seat at the head of the Admiralty, and is succeeded by the Earl of Chatham. Somerset place, that superb pile of public offices, nearly completed by Sir William Chambers, 1788.
In 1789, the French revolution took place, and a confederacy was established between the principal monarchs of Europe, with an intention to check the progress of those factions which in their turn, usurped the kingly authority of that. Government; but without effect, for in a few years the French overturned nearly the whole continent, setting up one King, and dethroning another, so that they quite deranged the political state of Europe. Great Britain still reigned mistress of the seas, and took
most of the colonies belonging to France, Spain, and Holland, (who were necessitated to join their enemies) and destroyed their navies.
In 1798, an insurrection broke forth in Ireland, but tranquillity was soon restored; and in 1800, the Union with England took place.
All the Princes on the continent being at length subdued by Bonaparte, a peace was established between Great Britain and France, in March 1802, at Amiens.