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Possession to Art. 2. The above named chief and his band agree to yield peacebe given within able possession of the said sections of land to the United States within three years.
three years from the date of the ratification of said treaty of eighteen
hundred and thirty-two. Consideration Art. 3. In consideration of the cession aforesaid the United States therefor.
stipulate to pay to the above named chief and his band, four hundred dollars in goods at the signing of this treaty, and an annuity of one thousand dollars for two years, the receipt of which former sum of (four
hundred dollars in goods) is hereby acknowledged. Treaty binding Art. 4. This treaty shall be binding upon both parties from the date when ratified." of its ratification by the President and Senate of the United States.
IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF the said WILLIAM MARSHALL, Commissioner
on the part of the United States, and the above named Chief and his band, have hereunto subscribed their names the day and year above written.
WITNESSES–J. B. Duret, Secretary. Cyrus Taber. Henry Ossem, Int. J. B. Boure, Int. John B. Intrais. Joseph Barron, Principal interpreter. Jesse Vermilya.
To the Indian names are subjoined a mark.
ARTICLES OF A TREATY, Dec. 16, 1834. Made and concluded at the Potawattimie mills, in the State of Proclamation,
Indiana, on the sixteenth day of December, in the year of our March 16, 1835. Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-four, between
William Marshall Commissioner on the part of the United States and the Chiefs, headmen,and warriors of the Potawattamis Indians.
Land ceded to the U. S.
Ante, p. 399. Consideration
Article Ist. The chiefs, head men and warriors aforesaid agree to cede to the United States their title and interest to a reservation made to them at the treaty on the Tippecanoe river on the 27th day of October 1832 of two sections of land to include their mills on said river.
Art. 2nd. In consideration of the cession aforesaid the United States agree to pay the Potawattimie Indians, at the payment of their annuities in 1835, the sum of seven hundred dollars in cash, and pay their just debts agreeably to a schedule hereunto annexed, amounting to nine hundred dollars.
Art. 3. The miller provided for by the 3rd article of the treaty with the Potawattimie tribe of Indians on the sixteenth day of October, in the year eighteen hundred and twenty-six, is not to be supported by the United States, and to cease from and after the signing of this treaty.
Art. 4. This treaty shall be binding upon both parties, from the date of its ratification by the President and Senate of the United States,
Miller to be discontinued.
Treaty binding when ratified.
In testimony whereof, the said William Marshall, Commissioner on
the part of the United States, and the chiefs, head men, and war.
It is agreed that the United States will satisfy the claims mentioned in the following schedule as provided for in the second article of the foregoing treaty.-viz:
To J. B. Duret, four hundred dollars.
ARTICLES OF A TREATY Made and concluded at the Indian Agency, Logansport, Indiana, Deca between William Marshall, Commissioner on the part of the
* Proclamation, United States and Mota, a chief of the Potawattimie tribe of Mare Indians, and his band on the 17ih day of December, in the year eighteen hundred and thirty-four.
Art. 1. The above-named Chief and his band hereby cede to the Land ceded to United States the four sections of land reserved for them by the second the U. S. article of the treaty between the United States and the Potawattimie Indians on the twenty-seventh day of October in the year eighteen hun- Ante, p. 399. dred and thirty-two.
Art. 2. The above named chief and head men and their band, do Possession to hereby agree to yield peaceable possession of said sections, and to re- be given within move, with their families, to a country provided for them by the United three years. States, west of the Mississippi river, within three years or less from the date of the ratification of said treaty of eighteen hundred and thirty
Art. 3. The United States, in consideration of the cession, made in Consideration the first article of this treaty, do hereby stipulate to remove the above therefor. named chief and headmen and their bands to the new country provided
8680 to be paid in goods.
for them, and to furnish them either goods, farming utensils or other articles necessary for them, agreeably to the provisions of the fifth article of the treaty of October twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and thirty-two.
Art. 4. The United States further stipulate to pay to the above named chief, and head men and their bands, the sum of six hundred and eighty dollars in goods, at the signing of this treaty, and the further sum of six hundred dollars in cash at the payment of their annuities in 1835, the receipt of which former sum of (six hundred and eighty dollars in goods) is hereby acknowledged.
Art. 5. This treaty shall be binding upon both parties, from the date of its ratification by the Senate of the United States.
Treaty binding when ratified.
IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF the said William Marshall, Commissioner
on the part of the United States, and the above named chief and head men, for themselves and their bands, have hereunto subscribed their names, the day and year above written.
25. Made at the Agency-house in the Caddo nation and State of
Louisiana,on the first day of July in the year of our Lord one Proclamation, Feb. 2, 1836.
thousand eight hundred and thirty-five, between Jehiel Brooks, Commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Chiefs, head men, and Warriors of the Caddo nation of Indians.
Lands ceded to the U.S.
Article I. The chiefs, head men, and warriors of the said nation agree to cede and relinquish to the United States all their land contained in the following boundaries : to wit
Bounded on the west by the north and south line which separates the said United States from the Republic of Mexico between the Sabine and Red rivers wheresoever the same shall be defined and acknowledged to be by the two governments. On the north and east by the Red river from the point where the said north and south boundary line shall intersect the Red river whether it be in the Territory of Arkansas or the State of Louisiana, following the meanders of the said river down to its junction with the Pascagoula bayou. On the south by the said Pascagoula bayou to its junction with the Bayou Pierre, by said bayou to its junction with Bayou Wallace, by said bayou and Lake Wallace to
the mouth of the Cypress bayou thence up said bayou to the point of its intersection with the first mentioned north and south line following the meanders of the said water-courses : but if the said Cypress Bayou be not clearly definable so far then from a point which shall be definable by a line due west till it intersect the said first mentioned north and south boundary line, be the content of land within said boundaries more or less.
ARTICLE II. The said chiefs head men and warriors of the said Indians to renation do voluntarily relinquish their possession to the territory of land move within aforesaid and promise to remove at their own expense out of the boundaries of the United States and the territories belonging and appertaining thereto within the period of one year from and after the signing of this treaty and never more return to live settle or establish themselves as a nation tribe or community of people within the same.
ARTICLE III. In consideration of the aforesaid cession relinquish- Money, &c. to ment and removal it is agreed that the said United States shall pay to be paid for cesthe said nation of Caddo Indians the sums in goods, horses, and money hereinafter mentioned, to wit
Thirty thousand dollars to be paid in goods, and horses, as agreed upon to be delivered on the signing of this treaty.
Ten thousand dollars in money to be paid within one year from the first day of September next.
Ten thousand dollars, per annum in money for the four years next following so as to make the whole sum paid and payable eighty thousand dollars.
Article IV. It is further agreed that the said Caddo nation of In- An agent of dians shall have authority to appoint an agent or attorney in fact, resi
appointed by dent within the United States for the purpose of receiving for them them. from the said United States all of the annuities stated in this treaty as the same shall become due to be paid to their said agent or attorney in fact at such place or places within the said United States as shall be agreed on between him and the proper Officer of the Government of the United States.
ARTICLE V. This treaty, after the same shall have been ratified and Treaty binding confirmed by the President and Senate of the United States, shall be when ralihed. binding on the contracting parties.
In testimony whereof the said Jehiel Brooks, commissioner as afore
said and the chiefs head men and warriors of the said nation of
D. M. Heard, M. D. act. assis. Surgn. U. S. A. Isaac C. Williamson. Henry Queen.
To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.
July 3, 1835.
Agreeably to the stipulations in the third article of the treaty there have been purchased at the request of the Caddo Indians, and delivered to them,goods and horses to the amount of thirty thousand dollars.
As evidence of the purchase and delivery as aforesaid, under the direction of the commissioner and that the whole of the same have been received by the said Indians the said commissioner, Jehiel Brooks, and the undersigned chiefs and head men of the whole Caddo nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands, and affixed their seals the third day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-five.
J. BROOKS. Tarsbar,
In presence of Larkin Edwards. Henry Queen. John W. Edwards, Interpreter. James Finnerty.
To the Indian pames are subjoined a mark and seal.
July 1, 1835.
To the treaty made at the agency house in the Caddo nation and State of Louisiana on the first day of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-five between Jehiel Brooks Commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Chiefs head men and Warriors of the Caddo nation of Indians concluded at the same place, and on the same day between the said Commissioner on the part of the United States and the Chiefs Head men and Warriors of the said nation of Indians, to with
WHEREAS the said nation of Indians did in the year one thousand eight hundred and one, give to one François Grappe and to his three sons then born and still living, named Jacques, Dominique and Belthazar, for reasons stated at the time and repeated in a memorial which the said nation addressed to the President of the United States in the month of January last, one league of land to each, in accordance with the Spanish custom of granting land to individuals. That the chiefs and head men, with the knowledge and approbation of the whole Caddo people did go with the said François Grappe, accompanied by a number of white men, who were invited by the said chiefs and head men to be present as witnesses, before the Spanish authority at Natchitoches, and then and there did declare their wishes touching the said donation of land to the said Grappe and his three sons, and did request the same to be written out in form and ratified and confirmed by the proper authorities agreeably to law.
And whereas Larkin Edwards has resided for many years to the present time in the Caddo Nation-was a long time their true and faithful interpreter, and though poor he has never sent the Red man away from his door hungry. He is now old and unable to support himself by manual labor, and since his employment as their interpreter has ceased possesses no adequate ineans by which to live: Now therefore