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but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had 10 raised from the dead. But the chicfpriests consulted, di that they might put Lazarus also to death. Because

that by reason of him, many of the Jews went away,

and believed on Jesus (d). 12

On the next day, much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to 13 Jerusalem, Took branches of palm-trees, and went

forth to meet him, and cried Hosanna, Blessed is the

King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord. 14 And Jesus when he had found a young ass, sat there15 on, as it is written (e), Fear not, daughter of Sion;

behold, thy King cometh, fitting on an asses colt. 16 These things understood not his disciples at the first:

but when Jesus was glorified (f), then remembered

they that these things were written of him, and that 17 they had done these things unto him. The people

therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus

out of his grave, and raised hiin from the dead, bare 18 record. For this cause the people also met him, for 19

that they heard that he had done this miracle. The Pharisees therefore faid among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing ? Behold, the world is

gone after him. 20 And there were certain Greeks (8) among them, 21 that came up to worship at the feast: The fame

came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see

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(d) Many left the Jews, and became his disciples,
(e) See Mail. xxi. 4.
(f) By his resurrection and afcenfion.

(g) All foreigners who used the Greek language (which was then spoken almost every where) were called Greeks; and such of them as came to worship at Jerusalem, though they were converted from idolatry, yet not being circumcised, were not acknowledged as perfect Jews, but were distinguished by the name of devout persons Ads ii. 5, 10, x. 2. xxii. 12,

22 Jesus.

22 Jesus. Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again,

Andrew and Philip told Jesus. 23 And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is 24 come, that the Son of man should be glorified. Ve

rily, verily I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat

fall into the ground, and die, it abideth alone: but if 25 it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. He that loveth

his life, shall lose it: and he that hateth his life in 26 this world, shall keep it unto life eternal. If any man

ferve me, let him follow me (h); and where I am,

there shall also my servant be: If any man serve me, him 27 will

my Father honour. Now is my soul troubled ; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour : 28 but for this cause came l unto this hour. Father,

glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from

heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glo29 rify it again. The people therefore that stood by

and heard it, said that it thundered : others said, An 30 angel spake to him. Jesus answered, and said, This

voice came not because of me, but for your fakes. 31 Now is the judgment of this world (i): now shall the 32 prince of this world be cast out. And I, if I be lifted

up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. 33 (This he said, fignifying what death he should die) (k). 34

The people answered him, We have heard out of the
law, that Christ abideth (1) for ever: and how fayeft

thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this 35 Son of man? Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a lit

(h) Let him follow my example.

(i) The time is now drawing near, when the world shall be delivered from the tyranny of Satan, and the kingdom of truth and righteousness shall be established. (k) See Chap. xviii. 32.

(1) Not only the writings of Moses, but the Prophets, being fometimes called the law, this passage may probably allude to Ezek. xxxvii. 25. My servant David shall be their prince for ever; and accordingly, Christ abideth in his power and authority for ever; fur of his kingdom tbere shall be no end,

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tle while is the light with you : walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you : for he that

walketh in darkness, knoweth not whither he goeth. 36 While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may

be the children of light. These things spake Jesus,

and departed, and did hide himfelf from them. 37 But though he had done so many miracles before 38 them, yet they believed not on him : That the lay

ing of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled which he ipake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and

to whom hath the-arm of the Lord been revealed ? 39 Therefore they could not believe, because that Efaias 40 said again (m), He hath blinded their eyes, and har

dened their heart; that they should not fee with their

eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be convert41 ed, and I should heal them. These things faid Efaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him.

Nevertheless, among the chief rulers alfo, many believed on him ; but because of the Pharisees they

did not confess him, left they should be put out of the 43 fynagogue. For they loved the praise of men more

than the praise of God. 44

Jesus cried, and said, He that believeth on me, be45 lieveth not on me (n), but on him that sent nie. And

(m) Ifaiah (yi, 10. liii. 1.) foretold that the Jews would rejeét the gospel : but his prophecy could not be the cause or occasion of their unbelief. The meaning of the phrase is no more than thus was fulfilled. See Matt. i. 22.

The Jews were accustomed to ascribe to the immediate act of God every event, even though it happened according to the common course of things. Thus God is said to harden Pharaoh's heart. Ex. ix. 12. though it is plain his heart was hardened by his own wilfulness and obstinacy; for he is said to hardened his own heart, Exod. viii. 15, 32. In like manner the infidelity of the Jews was owing to their own perverseness: and though God did indeed for wile parposes permit that infidelity to prevail, he was not at all the occasion of it. See Matt. xiii. 14. Luke viii, 10. Note.

(n) Believeth not on me only, but on my heavenly Father, who fent me to teach his will.

42

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46 he that seeth me, seeth him that sent ine. I am come

a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me, 47

should not abide in darkness. And if any man hear
my words, and believe not, I judge him not (0): for

I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words,

hath one that judgeth him : the word that I have 49 Spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day (P).

For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father

which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I 50 should say, and what I should speak. And I know

that his commandment is life everlasting (9): what-
foever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto
me, so I speak.

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* NOW

OW before the feast of the passover, when Jesus

knew that his hour was come, that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved

his own which were in the world, he loved them un2 to the end (a). And supper being ended, (the devil

having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Si3 mon's fon, to betray him.) Jesus knowing that the Fa

ther (6) had given all things into his hands, and that 4

he was come from God, and went to God, He riseth (6) The end of my present coming, is not to condemn, but to save. My second coming will be to execute judgment.

(p) He shall be tried and judged according to the means of falvavon that he had in his power,

(9) To keep his commandments, is the oply way to life evesJasting.

(a) He never cealed to love them to the last.

(b) Though Jesus knew that the Father would, on his ascension, restore him to that high power and authority which he had with him fra the beginning, yet he condescended to wash his disciples feet; thereby setting us a most powerful example of humility and kindness to each other. See verse 14

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from supper, and laid aside his garments, and took a 5 towel, and girded himself. After that, he poureth

water into a bason, and began to wash the discip'es

feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he 6 was girded. Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and

Peter faith unto him, Lord, doft thou wash my feet? 7 Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou

knowest not now (c); but thou shalt know hereaf8 ter.

Peter faith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, 9 thou hast no part with mé (d). Simon Peter faith unto

him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and Io my head. Jesus faith to him, He that is washed,

needeth not, save to wash his feet, but is clean every 11 whit (e): and ye are clean, but not all. For he knew

who should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are 12 not all clean. So after he had washed their feet, and

had taken his garments, and was set down again, he faid unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?

Ye call me Master, and Lord: and ye say well; for 14 so I am. If I then, your Lord and Master, have wash

ed your feet, ye also ought to wash one another's 15 feet. For I have given you an example, that ye 16 should do as I have done to you. Verily, verily I say

unto you, The servant is not greater than his Lord,

neither he that is sent, greater than he that feat him (f). 17 If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them. 1.8 I speak not of you all ; I know whom I have chos

fen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that

eateth bread with me, hath lift up his heel againt 19 me (g). Now I tell you before it come, that when it is

13

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(C) I will explain it by and by. See verse 12.

(d) If you be not washed in a spiritual sense, and cleansed from your impurities, you are not my true disciples.

(e) In this emblematical washing, what I am going to do is suffie cient to intimate the necessity of purity in heart and life.

(f) See Matt. X. 24:
(8) Like an ungrateful herfe that kicks his master.

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