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24 but if well, why smitest thou me? (Now Annas had
sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high-priest.) 25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself: They
said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of hiş 26 disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not. One of
the servants of the high-pricft (being his kinsman
whose ear Peter cut off) faith, Did not I see thee in 27 the garden with him? Peter then denied again, and
immediately the cock crew.
Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas, unto the hall of judgment: and it was early, and they themselves went not into the judgment-hall, lest they should be
defiled (k): but that they might eat the passover, 29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What ac30 cusation bring you against this man? They answer
ed and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, 31 we would not have delivered him up unto thee. Then
said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law (?). The Jews therefore faid
unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to 32 death: That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled,
which he spake, fignifying (m) what death he should 33
die. Then Pilate entered into the judgment-hall
again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou 34 the king of the Jews ? Jesus answered him (n), Say
(k) They would not go into the hall, where Pontius Pilate fat in judgment, 'lest by being with him, and his officers and servants, who were heathens, they might be defiled (See Axls x. 28.) and unfit to eat of the Paschal sacrifices: not reflecting how much more they were defiled by the bloody purpose they were engaged in.
(1) The Romans had conquered the Jews, and deprived them of the power of executing any criminal,
Observe that the sceptre, or the power of civil government, being thus departed from Judah (Gen. xlix. 10.) this was the time for Shiloh, or Messiah, to come.
(m) He had signified (Chap. iii. 14. xii. 32.) that he should die upon a cross, which was not a Jewish, but a Roman punishment.
(n) Have you seen any thing in my deportment, that might give you'reason to think me guilty of seditious practices against the emperor; or is your question only suggested by the malicious clamours of the people?
est thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee 35 of me? Pilate answered, Am I a Jew (0)? Thine
own nation, and the chief prięsts, have delivered thee 36 unto me. What hast thou done ? Jefus answered, My
kingdom is not of this world : if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I
should not be delivered to the Jews : but now is my 37 kingdom not from hence. Pilate therefore said un
to him, Art thou a king then (P)? Jesus answered, Thou sayelt that I am a king. "To this end was í born, and for this cause came I into the world, that
I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that 38 is of the truth, heareth my voice. Pilate faith unto
him, What is truth (9)?. And when he had said this,
he went out again unto the Jews, and faith unto 39 them, I find in him no fault at all. But ye have a
custom, that I should release unto you one at the
paffover : will ye therefore that I release unto you 40 the king of the Jews ? Then cried they all again,
saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber,
(0) Not being a Jew, I do not concern myself about such ques. tions. With the same indifference Lyfias and Feitus spoke concern. ing the disputes between St. Paul and the Jews. sets xxiii. 29. xxv. 19.
(p) In the sense in which I have now explained the nature of my kingdom, What thou sayest is true, I acknowledge that I am a king. Malt. xxvii. 11.
(g) In this behaviour of Pilate, we have a picture of many who appear to be inquisitive after the great truths of religion, but either do not set about their inquiries with a good mind, or do not carry them on with steadiness and perseverance, but (like Pilate) afraid left their practice should be condemned by what they discover of the will of God, break off and pursue other matters before they receive an answer to their questions and doubts o
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I THEN Pilate therefore took Jesus and scourged
him (a). And the foldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a 3 purple robe, And said, Hail king of the Jews : and 4 they (mote him with their hands. Pilate therefore
went forth again, and faith unto them, Behold, I bring
him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no 5 fault in him.' Then caine Jesus forth, wearing the
crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate 6 faith unto them, Behold the man (6). When the chief
priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate faith unto
them, Take ye hiin, and crucify him : for I find no 7 fault in him. The Jews answered him, We have a
law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made
himself the Son of God (c). 8 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was 9 the more afraid (c); And went again into the judge
inent-hall, and faith unto Jesus, whence art thou? 10 But Jesus gave him no answer. Then faith Pilate
unto him, Speakest thou not unto ine? knowest thou
not, that I have power to crucify thee, and have II power to release thee? Jesus answered, Thou could
eft have no power at all against me, except it were (a) Hoping that the Jews might be satisfied with this punishment, and require no more,
(6) Look at this man ; surely he is not a man to give uneasiness to the Roman Emperor: for my part I entirely acquit him of any ill design against the late.,
(c) The Jews, not being able to gain over Pilate by the charge of fedition, set up their own law against him.
(d) When Christ was accused of setting himself up for a king. Pilate despised the improbable charge ; but when he heard that this same person had declared himself to be no less than the Son of Godo he was seized with a sudden dread, left he should add impiety to in juflice by condemning him to death,
given thee from above (e): therefore he that deliver 12 ed me unto thee hath the greater s.n. And from
thenceforth Pilate fought to release him : but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Cesar's friend : whosoever maketh himself a
king, speaketh against Cesar (f). 13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he
brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment
feat, in a place that is called the pavement, but in 14 the Hebrew, Gabbatha (g). And it was the prepara
tion of the passover (b), and about the sixth hour: and 15 he faith unto the Jews, Behold your king (i)! But
they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate faith unto them, Shall I crucify your
king? The chief priests answered, We have no king 16 but Cefar. Then delivered he him therefore unto
them to be crucified. And they took Jefus and led 17 him away. And he bearing his cross (k), went forth
into a place called the place of a scull, which is called 18 in the Hebrew, Golgotha : Where they crucified
him, and two other with him, on either side one, and
Jesus in the midst. 19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the crofs.
And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH 20 THE KING OF THE JEWS. This title then
read many of the Jews : for the place where Jesus
(e) Boast not of your power; all power is from God. But you are in this business but the instrument of the Jews, who have put you upon it. They are therefore more guilty than you.
(f) Take care how you will answer for your conduct to the Emperor, if you persist in acquitting this man.
(g) Gabbatha means an eminence, or raised place,
(h) The day before the sabbath, in the pallover week. See Mark XV. 25.
(i) This is a further attempt to save him, of the same import as verse:5.
(k) Jefus carried his cross at first, but not being able to bear the weight of it, Siror was compelled to allif him. See Matt. XXVII. 32.
was crucificd was nigh to the city: and it was written 21 in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. Then said the
chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The
king of the Jews; but that he fald, I am king of the 22. Jews. Pilate answered, What I have written, I have 23 written (). Then the foldiers, when they had cruci
fied Jesus, took his garments and made four parts, to every soldier a part) and also his coat: now the 'coat
was without seam, woven from the top throughout (m). 24. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not
rend it, but caft lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture 'might be fulfilled (n), which faith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture
, they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers
Now there stood by the cross of Jesus, his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clco26 phas (0), and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus there
fore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by whoni
he loved (P), he faith unto his mother, Woman (9), 27 behold thy fon. Then faith he to the disciple, Behold
thy mother. And from that hour that disciple took
her unto his own home. 28 After this Jesus knowing that all things were now
accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, 29 faith, I thirst (r). Now there was set a vessel full of
vinegar; and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and
(1) I have complied thus far with your desires against my own judgment; but let me hear no more about the matter.
(m) The coat was worn next the body; the rest of his clothes are called here by the general name of garments; the same that in other places is called a cloak. Matt. v. 41.
(n) Psalm xxii. 18. was thus literally fulfilled.
(0) Cleophas, likewise called Alpheus, was the father of St. James the less, Matt. x. 3. and of St. Matthew, Mark ii. 14.
(p) The beloved disciple was St. John, the writer of this Gospel.
(9) Woman was not a term of disrespect in those times. See Chap. ii. 4. Note. : (r) Pfalm lxix. 21..