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19 vow. And he came to Ephesus, and left them there :
but he himself entered into the synagogue, and rea20 foned with the Jews. When they desired him to tarry 21 longer time with them, he consented not: But bado
them farewel, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh (e), in Jerusalem: but I will return
again unto you, if God will. And he failed from 22 Ephesus. And when he had landed at Cesarea, and
gone up (f) and faluted the church, he went down 23 to Antioch. And after he had spent some time there,
he departed, and went over all the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the dis
ciples. 24 And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alex
andria, 'an eloquent man, and mighty in the scrip25 tures, came to Ephesus. This man was instructed
in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the
spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the 26 Lord, knowing only the baptism of John (8). And he
began to speak boldly in the synagogue. Whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him
unto them, and expounded unto him the way of 27 God more perfectly. And when he was disposed to
pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the
disciples to receive him; who, when he was come, again. We may therefore suppose, that St. Paul remained in private with Christian friends until his arrival at Jerusalem. Cena chrea was the sea-port belonging to Corinth.
(e) The feast that was then approaching was the passover, which St. Paul resolved to keep at Jerulalem, not for the sake of observing the ceremonies appointed by Moses, which were no longer in force, blat most probably in order to visit the Christian brethren, and fure ther to propagate the gospel among the great numbers who would at that time be assembled there.
(f) Gone up to Jerusalem. This was his fourth journey thither, and about twenty-one years after his conversion.
(g) The doĉtrine into which St. John baptized his disciples; viz. The necessity of repentance, and faith in the Messiah then about to appear. Chap. xix. 4.
helped them much which had believed (?) through 28 grace. For he mightily convinced the Jews, and
that publicly, shewing by the scriptures, that Jesus was Christ (0)
I AND it came to pass, that while Apollos was at
Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts, came to Ephesus (a): and finding certain dif2 ciples, He faid unto them, Have ye received the holy
Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him,
We have not so much as heard whether there be any 3 holy Ghost (6). And he faid unto them, Unto what
then were ye baptized ? And they said, Unto John's 4 baptisın. Then said Paul, John verily baptized with
the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people,
That they should believe on him which should come 5 after him, that is, on Christ Jesus. When they
heard this, they were baptized in the name of the 6 Lord Jesus (c). And when Paul had laid his hands
upon them, the holy Ghost came on them; and they
spake with tongues, and prophesied (d). And all the 8 men were about twelve. And he went into the sy
nagogue, and spake boldly for the space of three months, disputing and persuading the things concern
(h) By means of the gifts of eloquence and knowledge, which God had graciously bestowed on him, he greatly affifted the new converts in their religion.
(2) That Jesus was the Chrift or Messiah. Jesus is the namég and Christ the title.
(a) St. Paul having been at Jerusalem, came back to Ephesus.
(6) The question being whether they had received the gifts of the holy Ghost; their answer must be concerning those gifts, and not the person of the holy Ghost.
(c) Into the faith and obedience of the Christian religion, and in the form appointed by the Lord Jesus. (d) Instructed others. Sce Chap. xv. 32.
going the kingdom of God (e). But when divers were
hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them,
and feparated the disciples, difputing daily in the 10 school of one Tyrannus (f). And this continued
by the space of two years; so that all they which
dwelt in Afia, heard the word of the Lord Jesus, Il both Jews and Greeks. And God wrought special 12 miracles by the hands of Paul: So that from his
body were brought unto the fick handkerchiefs or aprons, and the diseases departed from them, and the
evil spirits went out of thein. 13
Then certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists, took upon them to call over then which had evil
spirits, the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, We ad14 jure you by Jesus whom Paul preacheth. And there
were seven fons of one Sceva a Jew, and chief of the 15 priests, which did fo. And the evil spirit answered
and faid, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who a6 are ye? And the man in whom the evil spirit was,
leapt on them, and overcame them, and prevailed
against them, so that they fed out of that house na17 ked and wounded. And this was known to all the
Jews and Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus į and fear
fell on them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was 18 magnified. And many that believed came, and con19 fessed, and shewed their deeds. Many also of thein
which used curious arts, brought their books together, and burned them before all men: and they
counted the price of them, and found it fifty thousand 20 pieces of filver (g). So mightily grew the word of
God, and prevailed.
(e) See Chap. i. 3.
(f) Using the school-room for a church, where he discoursed lo the converts, and likewise satisfied the doubis, and answered the objections, of others.
(8) Computed to amount in English money, to one thousand fix hundred and fourteen pounds and upwards.
After these things were ended, Paul purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia,
and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have 22 been there, I must also see Rome. So he sent into
Macedonia two of them () that ministered unto him,
Timotheus and Erastus; but he himself itayed in Afia 23
for a season. And the same time there arose no small 24
ftir about that way (i). For a certain man named Demetrius, a silver-smith, which made (k) filver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the crafts
Whom he called together with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by 26 this craft we have our wealth: Moreover, ye see
and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and
turned away much people, saying, that they be no 27 gods which are made with hands : So that not only
this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should
be despised, and her magnificence should be destroy28 ed, whom all Asia, and the world, worshippeth. And
when they heard these sayings, they were full of
wrath, and cried out, saying, Great is Diana of the 29 Ephesians. And the whole city was filled with con
fusion: and having caught Gaius, and Aristarchus,
men of Macedonia, Paul's companions in travel, they 30 rushed with one accord into the theatre. And when
Paul would have entered in (1) unto the people, the 31 disciples suffered him not. And certain of the chief of
Afia, which were his friends, fent unto him, defiring him that he would not adventure himself into
(h) Two of his constant attendants.
(k) Silver models of the temple of Diana, with her image ; such as are made and sold at this day, of the famous image of the virgin Mary at Loretto in Italy.
() To have made a public defence for himself, and his two friends, wkom they had dragged into the theatre.
32 the theatre. Some therefore cried one thing, and
fome another, for the assembly was confused, and the
most part know not wherefore they were come to33 gether. And they drew Alexander out of the mul.
titude (m), the Jews putting him forward. And Alex
ander beckoned with the hand, and would have 34 made his defence unto the people. But when they
knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice about
the space of two hours cried out, Great is Diana of 35 the Ephesians. And when the town-clerk had ap
peased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess
Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupi36 ter (n)? Seeing then that these things cannot be spo
ken against, ye ought to be quiet, and to do nothing 37 rafhly. For ye have brought hither these men, which
are neither robbers of churches (0), nor yet blaf. 38 phemers of your goddess. Wherefore if Demetrius,
and the craftsmen which are with him, have a mat
ter against any man, the law is open, and there are (n) The Jews maliciously thrust him forward, that they might expose him to the rage of the people.
(n) The Heathens worshipped a multitude of gods, and at the head of all placed their great god Jupiter, as governor of the rest. It is no wonder then, that they had so great a veneration for the image which they supposed he sent them from heaven. This was but according to the absurdities of their religion; but that call theinfelves Christians, should so far give up their reason as 10 pay religious honour fo such pretended heavenly images and pictures, as the Romanists are taught to do, is a lamentable proof of the most abject credulity, disgraceful in the highest degree, not only to the divine revelation of Christianity, but to the common principles of tbe human mind.
(0) As if what had been said by St. Paul against the worship of images, made with hands, could not affect their case, who were worshippers of an image which they were perfuaded was not made with hands, but came down from heaven. The town-clerk seems corhave given this artful turn to St. Paul's argument, only with a view to pacify the people.