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of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; left at any time they should fee with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their
heart, and should be converted, and I should heal 16 them. But blessed are your eyes, for they fee; and 17 your ears, for they hear. For verily I say unto
you, that many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye fee, and have not feen them: and to hear those things which ye
hear, and have not heard them. 18 Hear ye therefore the parable of the fower. 19 When any heareth the word of the kingdom,
and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in
his heart: this is he which received feed by the 20 way-side. But he that received the feed into ftony
places, the same is he that heareth the word, and 21 anon with joy receiveth it: Yet. hath he not root
in himself, but dureth for a while : for when tria
bulation or persecution arifeth because of the 22 word, by and by he is (e) offended. He also that
received feed among the thorns, is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the des
ceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becom23 eth unfruitful. But he that received feed into the
good ground, is he that heareth the word, and understandeth it: which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth some an hundred-fold, fome fixty, fome
thirty. 24 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying,
The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man, 25 which sowed good feed in his field: But while
men slept, his enemy came, and lowed tares among 26 the wheat, and went his
But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then ap27 peared the tares also. ; So the servants of the houf
(e) He is discouraged and falls away. Luke viii. 13.
holder came and said unto him, Sir, didft not thou
sow good feed in thy field ? from whence then hath 28 it tares? He said unto them, An enemy hath done
this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then 29 that we go and gather them up? But he faid,
Nay; left while ye gather up the tares, ye root up 30 also the wheat with them. Let both grow toge
ther until the harvest : and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind then in bundles to burn them :
but gather the wheat into my barn. 31 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying,
The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard
seed, which a man took and fowed in his field. 32 Which indeed is the least of all (f) seeds: but when
it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree: fo that the birds of the air come
and lodge in the branches thereof (8). . 33 Another parable spake he unto them, The king
dom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole
was leavened. 34 All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude
in parables, and without a parable spake he not 35 unto them: That it might be fulfilled which was
spoken by the prophet, faying, I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.
Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house : and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field.
(f) Many plants, of which mustard is one, in Jadea, and other warm climates, grow to a fize far beyond what we have any expec. rience of.
(g) As the feed is very small, and yet produceth a large plant, ļo the state of the Gospel, small as it was at first, was daily increasing in a greater proportion than could have been expected, from its bee ginning. See Afts ii. 41.
37 He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the 38 good feed, is the Son of man: The field is the
world: the good seed, ale the children of the king
dom : but the tares are the children of the wicked 39 one: The enemy that lowed them, is the devil :
the harvest, is the end of the world : and the reapers 40 are the angels. As therefore the tares are gathered
and burnt in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this 41 world. The Son of man shall send forth his angels,
and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things 42 that offend (b), and them which do iniquity, And
shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be 43 wailing and gnasaing of teeth. Then shall the righ
teous shine forth as the fun in the kingdom of their
Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. 44 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure
hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all
that he hath, and buyeth that field. 45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a mer46 chantman, seeking goodly pearls: Who when he
had found one pearl of great price, he went and sold
all that he had, and bought it. 47
Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind. 48 Which when it was full, they drew to fhore, and fat
down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the 49
bad away. So shall it be at the end of the world :
the angels shall come forth, and fever the wicked 50 from among the juft ; And shall cast them into the
furnace of fire : there shall be wailing and gnashing 31 of teeth. Jefus faith unto them, Have ye understood
all these things? They fay unto him, Yea, Lord. 52 Then said he unto them, Therefore every fcribe
which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven, (6) All that obstruct the progress of the Gospel. See Chap. V.
is like unto a man that is an (i) housholder, which
bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old. 53
And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished 54, these parabies, he departed thience. And when he
was come into his own country, he taught them in their fynagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and faid (k), Whence hath this man this wisdom, and there mighty works ? Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his
brethren (1), James, and Jofes, and Simon, and 56 Judas? And his sisters, are they not all with us? 57 whence then hath this man all these things ? And
they were offended in him. But Jesus said unto
them, A prophet is not without honour, fave in his 58 own country, and in his own house (m). *And he
did not many mighty works there, because of their unbelicf (n).
(i) It is a known culom in the East for the rich to make collections of costly garinents and furniture, continually adding things new to the old. In allusion to this custom our Lord here observes, that every teacher fully infructed by him in the truths of the go.pel, may be compared to an housholder, who has great fiore of valuable ara ticles, ready to be produced on any occasion.
(k) Instead of acknowledging the divine authority of Jesus Christ, which was thus manifested by the wisdom and excellency of his doctrine, and the amazing power of his miracles, the Jews took offence at the meanness of his parentage and education. And this, with their objections against his manner of life, and gracious condescension in conversing with sinners, Chap. xi. 19. is the blasphemy against the Son of man, mentioned Chap. xii. 32.
(1) By brethren and fifters it is not necessary to understand chil. dren of the Virgin Mary: they may have been Joseph's children by a former wife. Or, the word may be taken in a larger sense (as was common among the Jews) for cousins and relations.
(nn). His own family, '(n) See Nark vi. 5:
AT T that time Herod the tetrarch (a) heard of the
fame of Jesus. And said unto his servants, This is John the baptist: he is risen from the dead, and therefore mighty works do shew forth them
selves in him. 3
For Herod had laid hold on John, and bound him, and put him in prison for Herodias' fake, bis 4 brother Philip’s wife. For John said unto him, It 5
is not lawful for thee to have her. And when he
would have put him to death, he feared the multi6 tude, because they counted him as a prophet. But
when Herod's birth-day was kept, the daughter of
Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod. 7 Whereupon he promised with an oath, to give her g whatsoever she would ask. And she, being before
instructed of her mother, faid, Give me here John 9 Baptist's head in a charger. And the king was for ?
ry: nevertheless for the oath's fake (b), and them
which sat with him at meat, he commanded it to 10 be tiven her. And he fent and beheaded John in 11 the prison. And his head was brought in a charger,
and given to the damsel : and the brought it to her 12 mother.
And his disciples came, and took up the body, and buried it, and went and told Jesus. (0) A Tetrarch is the governor of a fourth part of a country. On the death of Herod the Great, his dominions were divided into four parts. Galilee, being one of the four parts, was given to his fen Herod, surnamed Antipas, Luke iii. 1. and Judea, which was another fourth part, was given to Archelaus, brother of Antipas, Matt. ii. 22. Philip and Lyfanias had the rest, Luke iii. 1.
(6) Let no man pretend, that reverence of an oath obligeth him to break any of the laws of Gad. An oath cannot be binding where th: subject of it is unlawful. Nor let refpe&t to the opinion of others' tempt him by a false shame to venture upon sin. For, what is that, but to prefer a point of honour and reputation before the favour of God, which is better than all the world can bestow?